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Full text of "Official records of the Union and Confederate navies in the war of the rebellion .."

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University of Michigan 



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U Ptretented by 

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\ GENERAL LIBRARY I 

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I 



I 



OFFICIAL RECORDS 

OV THK 

UNION AND CONFEDERATE NAVIES 

IN THK 

WAR OF THE REBELLION. 

■ r/7}f7, 

PCBLISHKI) UNDKK THK DIRKCTIOX OK 

The Hon. WILIilAM H. MOODT, Secretary of the Navy, 

BY 

PROF. EDWARD K. RAWSON, U. S. NAVY. 

SUPRRINTKXDKNT NaVAL WaR RkCORDS, 
AND 

MR. CHARLES W. STEWART. 



By AUTHORITY OK AN ACT OK CONGRKSS APPROVKI) JULY 31, 1894. 

SERIES I— VOLUME 14. 

SOXTTH ATI^ANU^IC BLOCK Al>I]Va- SQUADRON" 
From April 7 ro Sbptembkr 30, 1863. 



WASHINGTON: 

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE. 
1902. 



CONTENTS OF PRECEDING VOLUMES. 



Volume 1. 

Operations of the cruisers from January 19, 1861, to December 31, 1862. 

Volume 2. 

Operations of the cruisers from January 1, 1868, to March 31, ?864. 

Volume 8. 

Operations of the cruisers from April 1, 1864, to December 30, 1865. 

Volume 4. 

Operations in the Gulf of Mexico from November 15, 1860, to June 7, 1861. Opera- 
tions on the Atlantic Coast from January 1 to May 13, 1861. Operations on the 
Potomac and Rappahannock rivers from January 5 to December 7, 1861. 

Volume 5. 

Operations on the Potomac and Rappahannocrk rivers from December 7, 1861, to 
July 31, 1865. Operations of the Atlantic Blockading Squadron from April 4 to 
July 15, 1861. 

Volume 

Operations of the Atlantic Blockading Squadron from July 16 to October 29, 1861. 
Operations of the North Atlantic Blockading Squadron from October 29, 1861, to 
March 8. 1862. 

Volume 7. 

Operations of the North Atlantic Blockading Squadron from March 8 to September 

4, 1862. 

Volume 8. 

OjMinitions of the North Atlantic Blockading Squadron from September 5, 1862, to 

May 4, 1863. 

Volume 9. 

Operations of the North Atlantic Blockading Squadron from May 5, 1863, to May 

5. 1864. 

Ill 



IV CONTENTS OF PRECEDING VOLUMES. 

Volume 10. 

Operations of the North Atlantic Blockading Squadron from May 6 to Ot^tober 

27, 1864. 

Volume 11. 

Operations of the North Atlantic Blockading Squadn)n from Octol)er 28, 1864, to 

February 1, 1865. 

Volume 12. 

Operations of the North Atlantic Blockading Squadron from February 2 to August 3, 
1865. Operations of the South Atlantic Blockading Squadron from October 29, 
1861, to May 13, 1862. . 

Volume 13. 

Operations of the South Atlantic Blockading Squadron from May 14, 1862, to April 

7, 1863. 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. 



Page. 

List of illustrations ix 

Preface xi 

Order of compilation of Series I xv 

list of vessels of South Atlantic Blockading Scjuadron xvii 

Calendar xix 

South Atlantic Blockading Squadron: 
Principal events — 
Union reports — 

Attack by Federal ironclads upon the defenses of Charleston, 

8. C, April 7, 1863 3-112 

Capture of steamer George Washington in Coosaw River, April 

9, 1863 114-121 

Engagement of U. 8. S. Conmiodore McDonough with Confed- 
erate battery, April 17, 1863 142, 143 

Capture of Confederate steamer St. John, April 18, 1863 144, 145 

Capture of British schooner Minnie, April 20, 1863 151-154 

Capture of schooner Amelia and her subsequent loss at sea 182-184 

Cooperation of naval vessels in armed reconnoissance of James 

Island, May 31, 1863 123, 124 

Combined attack on Bluffton, S. C, June 4, 1863 237, 238 

Rear- Admiral Foote, U. S. Navy, ordered to command South 

Atlantic Blockading Squadron 240 

Capture of C. S. ram Atlanta in Wassaw Sound, Ga., June 17, 

1863 263-292 

Rear- Admiral Dahlgren, U. S. Navy, ordered to command 

South Atlantic Blockading Squadron 295 

Rear-Admiral Du Pont, V. S. Navy, relieved of command of 
South Atlantic Blo<'kading Squadron by Rear-Aflmiral Dahl- 
gren, U. S. Navy, July 6, 1863 311 

Joint attack upon Morris L'^land, July lOand 11, 1863.. 317-336,346-349 
Joint engagement, Stono River near (rrimbairs Larnling, July 

16, 1863 *. 345-353 

Bombardment of Fort Wagner, July 18, 1863 354-373 

Bombardment of Fort Wagner, July 24, 1863 390-395 

Capture of steamer Emma by army transj)ort steamer Arago, 

July 24, 1863 .* ' 399 

F^ngagements of Ferleral ironclads with Fort Wagner, July 2S 

to August 1, 1863 404-409 

Capture of boat's crew by C. S. 8. Juno, August 5, 1863 421-427 



VI 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. 



South Atlantic Blockadinj^ Squadron — Continued. j'age 
Principal events — Continued. 
Union reports — Continued. 

Destruction of U. 8. S. Pawnee's launch V>y torpedo, Au^st 16, 

1863 ' 445-448 

Joint bombardment of Forts Sumter, Gregg, and Wagner, 

August 17 to 23, 1863 449-490 

Capture of Confederate signal station near Jacksonville, Fla., 

August 19, 1863 490,491 

Capture of boat's crew from Confederate steamer Oconee, 

August 20, 1863 492-494 

Attack by C-onfe^lerate torpedo boat on U. S. S. New Ironsides, 

off Charleston, August 21, 1863 496-500 

Night attack by ironclads on Fort Sumter, August 23, 1863 501-511 

Oj)erations against defenses of Charleston, S. C, August 31 to 

September 8, 1863 527-579 

Evacuation of Morris Island by Confederates, Septcml)er 7, 

1863 547,548 

Review of services of the ironclads from July 6 to September 

8, 1863, by Rear-Admiral Dahlgren, U. S. Navy 590-602 

Boat attack on Fort Sumter, night of Septemlxir 8-9, 1863 606-640 

Confederate reports — 

Attack by Federal ironclads upon the defenses of Charleston, 

S. C, April 7, 1863 74-112 

Capture by Confederates of steamer George Washington in 

Coosaw River, April 9, 1863 121 

Capture of the C. S. ram Atlanta in Wassaw Sound, Ga., June 

17, 1863 287-292 

Joint attack of Federal forces ujwn Morris Island, July 10 and 

1 1 , 1 863 333-336, 7 1 9 

Joint engagement of Federal forces with Confederate batteries 

in Stono River near Grimball's Landing, July 16, 1863.. 352, 353, 720 
Bomlmrdment by Federal forces of Fort Wagner, July 18, 

1863 ' \ 367-373.721 

Bombardment by Federal forces of Fort Wagner, July 24, 

1863 ". 394,395,731 

Capture of boat's crew by the C. S. S. Juno, August 5, 1863. . . 424, 427 
Joint lK>mbardment by Federal forces of Forts Sumter, Gregg, 

and Wagner, August 17 to 23, 1863 483-490, 742-745, 750-752 

Capture of Confederate signal station near Jacksonville, Fla.. 

August 19, 1863 491 

Capture of boat's crew from Confederate steamer Oconee, 

August 20, 1863 494 

Attack by Confederate torpe<lo boat on U. S. S. New Ironsides, 

off Charieston, August 21, 186:^ 498-500 

Night attack by Fedoral ironclads on Fort Sumter, August 23, 

1863 509-511 

Operations against defenses of Charleston, S. C, August 31 to 

September 8, 1863 567-579 

Evacuation of Morris Island by Confederates, September 7, 

1863 572-573 

Boat atta< k on Fort Sumter, night of September 8-9, lH(i3 636-640 

Commander Lynch, C. S. Navy, assigned to command of l^at- 

tery at Cumming's Point 686 



TABLK OF CONTENTS. VII 

South Atlantic Bhxtkading Squadron — Continued. Page. 
Principal events — Continued. 

Confederate reports — Continue<l. 

Commander Page, C. S. Navy, relieved by Commander Webb, 

C. S. Navy, of command in Savannah River 697 

Flag-officer Hunter, C. S. Navy, assumed command of naval 

forces in Savannah River 712, 713 

Reports of Brigadier-General Ripley of defensive operations at 

Charleston, July 8 to Septeml)er 10, 186:^ 718-723, 

731-733, 737-745, 750-763 
^icneral Confeflerate reports, orders, and correspondence, April 
S to Si'ptember !">, 1803 686-768 



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS. 



Confederate States ram Atlanta. View Frontispiece. 

Maj) of approaches to Charleston, 8. C 3 

United States steamer Keokuk. View and partial transverse sections 24 

Sketch showing raft attached to United States steamer Weehawken 44 

Sketch showing position of Federal fleet, Charleston, S. 0., 4 p. m. April 7, 

1863 81 

Sketch showing scene of hattle in Charleston Harbor, April 7, 1863 90 

Sketch showing injuries to northeast face of Fort Sumter, April 7, 1863 91 

Sketch showing injuries to east face of Fort Sumter, April 7, 1863 92 

Drawing of torpedo raft captured by Confederate forces, April 7, 1863 93 

Sketch showing proposed method of destroying torpedoes 166 

Sketch of timber obstruction from Charleston, S. C 171 

United States steamer Weehawken 266 

Confederate States ram Atlanta. Outline drawing, deck plan, and transverse 

section 290 

Sketch showing injuries receive<l by United States steamer Pawnee, July 16, 

1863 360 

United States steamer Huron 440 

Sketch of tori>edo oapture<:l in Stono River, 8. (' 447 

Sketch showing bombardment of Morris Island, 8. C, August 17, 1863 454 

Sketch showing injury to armor plate of United States steamer New Iron- 
sides 555 

United States steamer New Ironsides 605 

IX 



PRKFACE. 



The work of preparing the Official Records of the Union and Con- 
federate naWes for publication, which was begun July 7, 1884, was 
organized under the superintendency of Prof. J. R. Soley, U. S. 
Navy, at that time librarian of the Navy Department, afterwards 
Assistant Secretary of the Navy. 

In August, 1890, the work of collecting these records and their clas- 
sification was ably continued by his successor, Lieutenant-Commander 
F. M. Wise, U. S. Navy, who, having received orders to sea, was 
relieved by Lieutenant-Commander Richard Rush, U. S. Navy, in 
May, 1893. 

The long-delayed publication was finally authorized by a<^t of Con- 
gress approved July »31, 1894, and begun by Mr. Rush. The first 
five volumes were published under his efficient administmtion, and 
the important duty of organizing the office for the distribution of 
these volumes was accomplished. 

In March, 1897, Mr. Rush, having been ordered to sea, was succeeded 
by Professor Edward K. Rawson, U. S. Navy, as superintendent. 

No change is contemplated at present in the outline of the plan of 
publication as approved by the Department. This plan includes only 
the use of such material as may be certified to be contemporaneous 
naval records of the war, which is divided into three series, in the 
following order of arrangement: 

I. The first series embraces the repol•t^s, orders, and correspondence, 
both Union and Confederate, relating to all naval operations on the 
Atlantic and Gulf coasts and inland waters of the United Stiites during 
the war of the rebellion, together with the operations of vessels acting 
singly, either as cruisers or privateers, in different parts of the world. 
These reports are accompanied by occasional maps and diagrams. 

In this series the papers are arranged accoi'ding to squadrons and 
flotilla8, chronologically: and, as far as possible, the Union reports of 
any events are immediately followed b}' the Confederate reports. 

XI 



XII 



PREFACE. 



II. The second series embraces the reports, orders, and correspond- 
ence relating to — 

1. The condition of the Union Navy in 1861, before the com- 
mencement of hostilitie^s, and to its increase during the progress 
of the war, including the annual and special reports of the 
Secretary of the Navy and chiefs of the various bureaus. 

2. The construction and outfit of the Confederate Navy, includ- 
ing privateer's, setting forth also the annual and special reports 
of the Confederate Secretary of the Navy and chiefs of bureaus. 

3. Statistical data of all vessels. Union and Confederate, as far 
as can be obtained. 

4. Returns of naval and military property captured by the 
navies of both sides during the war. 

5. Correspondence relating to naval prisoners. 

This series is also arranged chronologi(!ally in each of the above 
sections, as far as practicable. 

III. The third series embraces all reports, orders, correspondence, 
and returns of the Union and Confederate authorities not specially 
relating to the matter of the first and second series. 

It is the intention of the Department to introduce throughout the 
volumes of the different series illustrations of each class or type of 
vessels referred to, in order to preserve the identity of these ships 
as they actually appeared during the war. These cuts have been 
reproduced eithei* from photographs of the vessels themselves or 
from the carefully prepared drawings made from official sources. 

ilucli difficulty has been found in collecting the records, for, while 
the official reports of cimimanders of fleets and of vessels acting singly 
ar(» on file in the Navy Department, it is found that thv correspondence 
between flag-officers and their subordinates is frequently missing. 
Without this squadron correspondence the historical value of the work 
would necessarily )k» impaired, and the Department therefore has 
spared no pains to secure the letter books and papers of thc^ chief actora 
on both sides. These papers have for the most part been obtained, and 
they have Iwen copiously used in the compilation of the work. The 
reports of tlie Union commanders are full and fairly complete. It is to 
be regretted, however, that the Confederate records are not equally 
complete, due to the great difficulty found in collecting them, and also 
to the fact that a large part of the archives of the Conf(»derate Navy 
Department was burned at the close of the war. Frequent careful 



PREB'ACE. 



XIII 



searches throughout various parts of the country, conducted by a 
special agent of the Department, have brought to light many dupli- 
cates of these pajx^rs, found among the personal files of participants. 
It is hoped that the publication will revive the interest of participants 
in the events referred to, and lead them to bring to the notice of the 
Department the whereabouts of any papers bearing upon naval opei*a- 
tions in the civil war of which they ma}^ have knowledge. 

The thirteenth volume of the records (Series I, vol. 13), which has 
recently been published by the Department, gives the operations of the 
South Atlantic Blockading Squadron from May 14, 1862, to April 7, 
1863. The present volume (Series I, vol. 14) gives the operations of 
the South Atlantic Blockading Squadron from April 7 to September 
30, 1863. 

The reporti;} and correspondence are placed chronologically, with a 
distinct heading for every paper. In the record of events in which 
both sides took part, the Confederate reports (where they could be 
obtained) immediately follow the Union reports, while the miscellane- 
ous Confederate correspondence is placed at the end of the volume. 
Reference to the table of contents will show the context of these Con- 
fedemte papers. It is believed that the chronological arrangement of 
the records, in connection with the full and complete index to each 
volume, will afford ample means of reference to its contents without 
other subdivision or classification. In reports of special or single 
events, in which the papers bear specific relation to those events, the 
chronological order has been somewhat modified, and such doi'uments 
have been placed together in the compilation. 

Edw ard K. Rawson, 
Charles W. Stewart, 

Navy Department, 

WashlngPm^ />. C,^ June^ 1902, 

IxTKODUCToin Note. — Correspondence relating to the assembling 
of the fleet of ironclads in Hampton Roads, Virginia, in January- 
March, 1868, lias hiM^n published in Series I, volume 8, pp. 359-894, 
a8 this fleet was at first intended for an attack upon Wilmington, N. C, 
and much assistance was rendered by the North Atlantic Blockading 
Squadron in its prepai-ation and dispatch for service with the South 
Atlantic Squadron. 



XIV 



PREFACE. 



Note. — The following is an extract from the law governing the dis;- 
tribution of the sets comprising the publication (act of Congress 
approved July 31, 1894): 

* * * Of said number, six thousand eight hundred and forty 
copies shall be for the use of the House of Representatives, two thou- 
sand one hundred and twelve copies for the use of the Senate, and one 
thousand and fort3^-eight copies for the use of the Navy Department 
and for distribution by the Secretary of the Navy amon^ officers of the 
Navy and contributors to the work. The quotas herein authorized of 
said publication for the Senate and House of Representatives shall be 
sent by the Secretary of the Navy to such libraries, organizations, and 
individuals as may be designated by the Senators, Representatives, and 
Delegates of the Fifty-third Congress, it being the purpose of this dis- 
tribution herein provided for to place these records in public liberies, 
and with permanent organizations having libraries, so far as such 
libraries may exist in the seveml States and Territories. Each Senator, 
shall designate not exceeding twenty-four and each Representative and 
Delegate not exceeding nineteen of such addresses, and the volumes 
shall be sent thereto from time to time, as they are published, until the 

Sublication is completed; and all sets that may not be ordered to be 
istributed as provided herein shall be sold by the Secretary of the 
Navy for cost of publication, with ten per centum added thereto, and 
the proceeds of such sale shall be covered into the Treasurv. If two 
or more sets of said volumes are ordered to the same address, the 
Secretary of the Navy shall inform the Senators, Representatives, or 
Delegates who have designated the same, who thoreupon may desig- 
nate other libraries, organizations, or individuals. The secretary of the 
Navy shall inform distributees at whose instance the volumes are sent. 

The following joint resolution regarding the distribution of the 
work was approved January 30, 1896: 

Resolved hy tlie Senate and Iloxtse of Rejyreaentatives of tlte United 



Navy be, and he is hereby, authorized and directed to send the undis- 
tributed copies of the Official Records of the War of the Rebellion, 
both of the Union and of the Confederate navies, to such libraries, 
organizations, and individuals as ma}" be designated before the meet- 
ing of the next Congress by the Representatives in the Fiftv-fourth 
Congress of the districts whose Representatives in the Fifty-third 
Congress failed to designate the distributees of their quota of said 
Official Records, or any part thereof, as authorized by the act of Con- 
gress approved July thirty first, eighteen hundred and ninety -four, 
and the joint resolution approved March second, eighteen hundred 
and ninety -five, to the extent and in the manner and form provided 
in said act. 

The following is an extract from the act of Congress of May :i8, 
1896, which increased the edition from 10,000 to 11,0<X) copies: 

* * * For printing, binding, and wrapping one thousand addi- 
tional copies of series one, volumes one, two, three, and four, for sup- 
plying officers of the Navy who have not received the work, two 
thousand four hundred dollais. 




Secretary of the 



ORDER OF COMPILATION OF NAVAL WAR RECORDS. 



SERIES I. 



1. Ojierations of the Cruisers, 1861-1865. 
Union cmisers. 

West India (Flying) Squadron, under ActluK Rear- Admiral Wilkes, U. S. N., 1862-1868. 
We«t India (Flying) Squadron, under Acting Rear-Admiral Lardner, U. S. N., 186»-1864. 
('oufederate cruisers and privateers. 

•2. Operations in the Gulf of Mexico, January to June 7, 1861. 

Surrender of the Pensacola Navy Yard. 

Cooperation of the Navy in the relief of Fort PickenH. 

3. Operations on the Atlantic Coast, January to May 13, 1861. 

Cooperation of the Navy In the attempts to relieve Fort Sumter. 
Abandonment and destruction of the Norfolk Navy Yard. 
Home Squadron, under Flag-OflBcer Pendergrast, U. S. N. 

4. Operations on the Potomac and Rapimhannock Rivers, 1861-1865. 

Potomac; Flotilla, under Comniander Ward, U. 8. N., 1861. 
Potomac Flotilla, under Captain Craven, U. S. N.. 1861. 
Potomac Flotilla, under Lieutenant Wyman, U. S. N.. 1861-1862. 
Potomac Flotilla, under Commodore Uarwood. U. 8. N.. 1862-1863. 
Potomac Flotilla, under Commander Parker, 1'. S. X., 1863-1865. 

5. Atlantic Blockading Squadrons, 1861-1865. 

Atlantic Blockading Squadron, under Flag-Ollicer Stringham, U. S. N., May 13 to Sept. 23, 1861. 

West India Squadron, under Flag-OfBcer Pendergrast, U. S. N., 1861. 

Naval Defenses of Virginia and North C^arolina, und^r Flag-OfDcer Barron, C. S. N. 
Atlantic Blockading Squadron, under Flag-OfRcer Goldsborough, U. S.> N., 1861. 
North Atlantic Blockading Squadron, under Rear- Admiral Goldsborough, U. S. N., 1861-1862. 

Naval Defenses of Virginia and North Carolina, under Flag-Officer Lynch, C. S. N. 

James River Squadron, under Flag-Officer Buchanan, C. S. N. 

James River Squadron, under Flag-Offlcer Tattnall, C. S. N. 

James River Flotilla, under Commodore Wilkes, r. S. N., 1862. 
North Atlantic Blockading Squadron, under Acting Rear-Admiral Lee. U. S. N.. 1662-1864. 

James River S<iuadron, under Flag-Officers Forrest and Mitchell. C. S. N. 

♦XavHl Defenses Inland Waters of North Carolina, under Commander Pinkney. C. S. N. 

♦Naval Defenses Cape Fear River, North Carolina, under Flag-Officer Lynch, C. S. N. 
North Atlantic Blockading Squadron, under Rear-Admiral Porter, U. S. N.. 1864-1865. 

James River S<iuadron. under Flag-Officers Mitchell and Semmes, C. S. N. 

• Naval Defenses Cape Fear River, North Carolina, under Flag-Officer Pinkney. C. S. N. 
North Atlantic Blockading Squadron, under Acting Rear-Admiral Radford, 1'. S. X., 1865. 
South Atlantic Blockading Squadron, under Rear-Admiral Du Pont, U. S. N., 1861-1863. 

• Naval Defenses of South Carolina and Gwrgia. under Flag-Officer Tattnall. C. S. N. 
♦Naval Defenses of Charlcsvon Harbor. South Carolina, under Flag-Officer Ingraham, C.S.N. 

South Atlantic Blockading S^iuadron, under Rear-Admiral Dahlgren, U. S. X., 1863-1865. 

♦Xaval Defenses of Charleston Harbor, South Carolina, under Flag-Officer Tucker, C. S. N. 
Xaval Defenses of Savannah, Ga.. under Flag-Officers Hunter and Tattnall, C. S. X. 



♦The Confetleraie material under this head is very scant. It is therefore hoped that those who 
have any Confederate naval documents u|H)n the subje<'t will communicate with the Office of Naval 
War Records, Xavy Department. Wtt.**hinglon. I). C. 

XV 



XVI ORDER OF COMPILATION OF NAVAL WAR RECORDS. 



6. Gulf Blockading Squadrons, 1861-1865. 

Gulf Blockading Squadron, under Flag-Officer Mervine, U. S. N.. 1861. 
Gulf Blockading Squadron, under Flag-Ofllcer McKean, U. S. K., 1861-1862. 

* Mississippi River Defenses, under Flag-Officer HoIIin.«). C. S. N. 

East Gulf Blockading Squadron, under Flag-Offitier McKean. U. S. N., 1862. 
East Gulf Blockading Squadron, under Acting Rear- Admiral Lardner, U. S. N.. 1862. 
East Gulf Blockading Squadron, under Acting Rear- Admiral Bailey, V. S. N.. 1.S62-1864. 
East Gulf Blockading Squadron, under Captain Greene, U. S. N., 1864. 
East Gulf Blockading Squadron, under Acting Rear-Admiral Stribling. U. S. N.. 1864-1865. 
West Gulf Blockading Squadron, under Flag-Omcer Farragut, U. S. N.. 1862-1863. 
Mortar Flotilla, under Commander Porter, U. 8. N., 1862. 

Lower Mississippi River Defenses, under Commander J. K. Mitchell. C. s. N.. 1862. 

♦Mobile Defenses, under Flag-Offlcer Randolph. C. S. X. 

Trans-Mississippi Marine Department, under Major Leon Smith. C. S. A. 
West Gulf Blockading Squadron, under Commodore Bell, U. S. N. (ad interim). 1863. 
West Gulf Blockading Squadron, under Rear-Admiral Fari:agut, U. S. N., 1864. 

♦Mobile Defenses, under Admiral Buchanan, C. S. N. 
West Gulf Blockading Squadron, under Commodore Palmer, V. S. N., 1864-1865. 
West Gulf Blockading Squadron, under Acting Rear-Admiral Thatcher, U. S. N., 1865. 

♦Mobile Defenses, under Flag-Officer Farrand, C. S. N. 

7. Operations on the Western Rivers, 1861-1865. 

Naval Forces on Western Waters, under Commander Rogers, r. S. N., 1861. 
Naval Forces on Western Waters, under Flag-Officer Foote. IJ. 8. N., 1861-1862. 

♦Mississippi River Defenses, under Flag-Officer Rollins, C. S. N. 
Naval Forces on Western Waters, under Flag-Offlcer Davis. U. S. N., 1862. 

♦Mississippi River Defense Fleet, under Captain Montgomery. C. S. A. 

♦Mississippi River Defenses, under Commander R. F. Pinkney, C. S. N. 

♦Mississippi River DefenseH, under Flag-Officer Lynch, C. 6. X. 
Mississippi Squadron, under Rear-Admiral Porter, U. S. N., 1862-1864. 
Mississippi Squadron, under Acting Rear-Admiral Lee, U. S. N., 1864-1865. 

♦ Naval Defenses of Red River, Louisiana, under Lieutenant J. H. Carter, C. S. N. 



♦The Confederate material under this head is very scant. It b< therefore hoped that those who 
have any Confederate naval documents upon the subject will cummiuiicate with the Office of Naval 
War Records, Navy Department, Washington, D. C 



VSITED STATES VESSELS OF WAR SERVING IN THE SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING 
SQUADRON, APRIL 7 TO SEPTEMBER SO, 1865. 



Name. 



Rate. I ToDnage. 



Claw. 



America 

Aries 

Augusta 

Augusta Dinsmore 

Bibb 

Braziliera 

C. P. Williams 

Canandaigtia 

Catakill 

Cbippcwa 

CimarroD 

Columbine 

Commodore McDonough . 

Conemaugh 

Courier 

Daffodil 

Dai Ching , 

Dan Smith 

Dandelion 

Dawn 

E. B. Hale 

Fernandina 

Flag 

Flambeau 

G. W. Blunt 

Hope 

Housatonic 

Huron 

James Adger 

Keokuk 

Keystone State 

Kingfisher 

Lehigh 

Lodona 

Madgie 

Mahajika 

Marblehead 

Memphis 

Merceditrt 

Midnight 

Mohawk 

Montauk 

Nahant 

Nantucket 



I 



Fourth . 
Third... 
! Third... 
Thinl... 



Fourth . 
Fourth . 
Second . 
Third... 
Fourth . 
Third... 
Fourth . 
Fourth . 
Third... 
Fourth . 
Fourth . 
Fourth . 
Fourth . 
Fourth . 
Fourth . 
Fourth . 
Fourth . 
Third... 
Third... 
Fourth . 
Fourth . 
Second . 
Fourth . 
Third... 
Third... 
Third... 
Fourth . 
Second . 
Third... 
Fourtri . 
Third... 
Fourth . 
Thirti... 
Third... 
Fourth . 
Fourth . 
Thirti... 
Thini... 
Third... 



100 
820 
1,310 



540 
210 
1.395 
844 
507 

m 

133 
532 
955 
554 
160 
520 
160 
111 
399 

m 

297 
963 
900 
121 
134 

1.240 
507 

1,151 
677 

1,364 
450 
844 
860 
218 
832 
507 
791 
776 
386 
459 
844 
844 
844 



Yacht 

Screw steamer 

Side-wheel steamer . . . 

Screw steamer 

Coast-Survey steamer . 

Bark 

Mortar schooner 

Screw steamer 

Ironclad steamer 

Screw steamer 

Side-wheel steamer . . . 

Screw steamer 

Side- wheel steamer . . . 

do 

Sailing ship 

Steam tug 

Screw steamer 

Schooner 

Screw steamer 

do 

do 

Bark 

Screw steamer 

do 

Schooner 

do 

Screw steamer 

do 

Side-wheel steamer . . . 

Ironclad steamer 

Side-wheel steamer . . . 

Bark 

Ironclad steamer 

Screw steamer 

do 

Side-wheel steamer . . . 

Screw steamer 

do 

do 

Bark 

Screw steamer. 
Ironclad steamer, 
do. 
.do. 



9 


8 


90 


7 


157 


10 


70 


2 


35 




68 


6 


45 


8 


163 


10 


74 


2 


64 


6 


122 


10 


24 


2 


76 


6 


125 


9 


82 


8 


28 


2 


88 


7 


33 


5 


22 


2 


84 


2 


60 


5 


79 


6 


140 


9 


92 


5 


16 


1 


13 


1 


160 


13 


76 


4 


120 


8 


92 


1 


163 


10 


95 


5 


80 


2 


97 


7 


45 


3 


145 


6 


81 


4 


100 


7 


121 


9 


70 


7 


65 


8 


67 


2 


76 


2 


85 


2 



N W R — VOL XIV II 



I 



» 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 

FROM APRIL 7 TO SEPTEMBER 8, 1863. 



N W K — ^VOL 14 1 



1 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



FBOM APBIL 7 TO SEPTEMBEB 8, 186$. 



Attack hy Federal ironclads upon tlie defenses of Charleston^ S. (7., 

April 7, 1863. 

Fint report of Sear-Admiral Dn Pont, U. S. Navy. 

No. 169.] Flagship New Ironsides, 

Inside Charleston Bar^ Api^il 8^ 1863. 

Sir: I yesterday moved up with eight ironclads and this ship and 
attacked Fort Sumter, intending to pass it and commence action on 
its northwest face, in accx)rdance with my order of battle. 

The heavy fire we received from it and Fort Moultrie and the nature 
of the obstructions compelled the attack from the outside. It was 
fierce and obstinate, and the gallantry of the officers and men of the 
vessels engaged was conspicuous. 

This vessel could not be brought into such close action as I endeav- 
ored to get her. Owing to the narrow channel and rapid current she 
became partly unmanageable, and was twice forced to anchor to prevent 
her going ashore, once owing to her having come into collision with 
two of the monitors. She could not get nearer than 1,000 yards. 

Owing to the condition of the tide and an unavoidable accident, I 
had been compelled to delay action until late in the afternoon, and 
toward evening, finding no impression made upon the fort, I made the 
signal to withdraw the ships, intending to renew the attack this 
morning. But the commandei's of the monitors came on board and 
reported verbally the injuries to their vessels, when, without hesitation 
or consultation (for I never hold councils of war), I determined not to 
renew the attack, for, in my judgment, it would nave converted a fail- 
ure into a disaster, and I will only add that Charleston can not be taken 
by a purely naval attack, and the army could give me no cooperation. 

Had I succeeded in entering the harbor I should have had 1,200 men 
and 32 guns, but five of the eight ironclads were wholly or partially 
disabled after a brief engagement. 

The reports of the commanding officers will be forwarded with my 
detailed report, and I send Commander Rhind home with this dispatch, 
whose vessel sank this morning from the effect of the bombardment 
yesterday and who will give the Department all the information it may 
desire. 



4 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



I have alluded alwve only to Forts Sumter and Moultrie, but the 
vessels were also exposed to the fire of the batteries on Cumming's 
Point, Mount Pleasant, the Redan, and Fort Beauregard. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

S. F. Du Pont, 
Rear 'Admiral,, C</tndg. South Atlantic Blockading Squadron.. 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of tlui Navy^ WaJi/fhtgton. 

P. 8. — I forward herewith a list of cusualties (marked Nos. 1 and 2) 
on board the Keokuk ahd JVahant. 

S. f. D. P. 



Beport of casnalties on the U. S. S. Keokuk. 

U. S. Flagship New Ironsides, 
C/iarleitt/m llarhor, April 1S6S. 
Wounded dangerously: Alex. Mcintosh, acting ensign; Charles 
McLaughlin, seaman. 

Wounded severely: James Ryan, seaman; William McDonald, 
seaman. 

Wounded painfully: Charles B. Mott, landsman. 

Wounded slightly: Commander A. C. Rhind; Richard Nicholson, 
quartermaster; David Chaplin, seaman; J. W. Abbott, seaman; George 
Watson, seaman; O. C. Clifford, seaman; D. Cuddeback, ship's cook; 
J. O'Connell, landsman; J. E. O'Connor, landsman; Henry Swords, 
seaman; John Brown, second, seaman. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

A. C. RiiiNi), 

Commatider, 

Rear-Admiral S. F. Du Pont. 



Report of casnalties on the U. S. S. Nahant 

U. 8. Ikonciad Naiiant, 

Off Charlestm, April 7, 1863. 
Sir: I have to report the following casualties in the action of 
to-day: 

Commander John Downes, Massachusetts, slight contusion of foot 
from a piece of iron loosened from pilot house. 

Pilot Isaac Sofield, New Jersey, severe contusion of neck and 
shoulder from flying l)olt in pilot hoase; is doing well. • 

Quartermaster Edwaixl Cob)), Massachusetts, compound conmiinuted 
fracture of skull from flying bolt in pilot house; has since died. 

John MacAllister, seaman, Canada, concussion of brain from fly- 
ing l)olt in turret striking him on the head; is doing well. 

John Jackson, seaman, Massachusetts; Roland Martin, sean)an, 
Massachusetts; James Murray, seaman, Massachusetts, were very 
slightlv hurt by falling bolts in turret, not disabling any of them. 
Verj^ respectf ullj', your obedient servant, 

(,\ Elleby Stedman, 
Aifftlstant Surgeon^ U. S. Navy. 

Commander John Downes, U. S. Navy, 

Commanding U. S. S. Nahant. 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING 8QOADBON. 



5 



Detailed report of Bear-Admiral Dn Pont, U. S. Navy. 

No. 185.] Flagship Wabash, 

Port Royal Ilarlor, S. Ajn'il 15, 1863. 
Sib: In my previous dispatch of April 8 1 gave a brief account of 
the attack on Fort Sumter, on the afternoon of the 7th instant, and 
I have now the honor to present to the Department a more detailed 
report: 

On the morning of the 2d instant I left Port Roj^al for North Edisto, 
hoisting my flag on the U. S. S. James Adg(^\ Commander Pattereon, 
and crossed the bar the same day. 

As thei'e was some reason to believe that on the departure of the 
ironclads from Port Royal there might be an attempt to commit a mid 
bj' the Atlanta and other rams at Savannah, and as the army was 
apprehensive of an attack on their positions at Hilton Head and Beau- 
fort, 1 had ordered Captain Steedman to Port Royal with his vessel, 
the Paul Jones^ having previously directed the Maha^h^ Commander 
Corbin, and Vermont, Commander Rej^nolds, to be hauled over to the 
Hilton Head shore to protect the vast amount of public property there. 
The S^go was also stationed in Calibogue Sound, the Marbhhead in 
Savannah River, and the E. B. Ilah in Broad River; whilst the Paul 
Jones, owing to her light draft, was also to make frequent reconnois- 
sances up the latter stream and the Beaufort River. 

On the 5th instant, having provided steamers to tow the ironclads, 
I left North Edisto for Charleston with all the vessels intended to par- 
ticipate in the attack on that place, and arrived there in the afternoon. 
In accordance with my previous armngements, the Keokuk, Com- 
mander Rhind, aided by Cfaptain Boutelle, of the U. S. Coast Survey, 
and Acting Master Piatt, with Pilot Godfrey and others, j)roceeded at 
once to buoy the bar ana to report the depth of water which could be 
availed of in crossing the next morning with the Neio Ironsides. 

The Patapsco, Commander Ammen, and the Catskill^ Commander 
G. W. Rodgers, covered the Keokuk during this operation, and after- 
wards anchored inside of the bar that same evening in order to protect 
the buoys. 

On the morning of the 6th I crossed the bar with the New Ironsides, 
Commodore T. Turner, and the rest of the ironclads, viz: Passai<:, 
Captain Drayton; Weehav^ken, Captain John Rodgers; Montauk, Cap- 
t£-in J. L. Worden: Patapsco, Commander Ammen: Catskill^ Com- 
mander G. W. Rodgers; Nantucket, Counnander Fairfax; Nahant, 
Commander Downes, and the Keokuk, Commander Rhind, intending 
to proceed the same day to the attack of Fort Sumter and thence the 
city of Charleston; but after reaching an anchorage inside the weather 
became so hazy, preventing our seeing the ranges, that the pilots 
declined to go fartner. 

I herewith enclose (marked No. 1) the order of battle and plan of 
attack, in which the Weehawken, Captain John Rodgers, with a raft in 
front, was to be the leading vessel of the line, and the Keokuk, Com- 
mander Rhind. was to be the last, the New Ironsides being in the 
center, from wnich signals could be better made to both ends of the 
line. 

On the following day, April 7, at noon, this being the earliest hour 
at which, owing to the state of the tide, the pilots would consent to 
move, I made signal to the vessels to weigh anchor, havvug ^y^nVowA^ 
ordered them not to reply to the batteries on MoxTia IsXaxidk.^ 



6 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING 8QUADB0N. 



resei-ve their fire until they could pass Fort Sumter, in case there 
were no obstructions, and attack its northwest face. 

The chain of the Weehmckeri^ the leading vessel^ had, however, 
become entangled in the grapnels of the pioneer raft, and the vessels 
were delayed in moving until about fifteen minutes past 1, when, 
everything being clear, the Weehawken moved on, followed by the 
PdHsaic and others in the regular order of battle. 

On the way up the leading vessel passed a number of buoys strewed 
about in every direction, c^iusing a suspicion of torpedoes, one of 
which burst near the Weehmvl^eii^ without, however, producing any 
serious injury. 

At ten minutes past 2 the Weehawken^ the leading vessel, signaled 
obstructions in her vicinit}^ and soon after approached very close to 
them. Thev extended across the harbor from Fort Moultrie to Fort 
Sumter, and were marked by rows of casks very near together and in 
several lines. Beyond these, again, piles were seen extending from 
James Island to the middle ground. 

At 2:60 the guns of Fort Moultrie opened upon the Weehawkertj 
followed shortly after by all the batteries on Sullivan's Island, Morris 
Island, and Fort Sumter. 

Not being able to pass the obstructions, the Weehawken^ and suc- 
cessivelv the Passaic^ JS^ahant^ and others, Tvere obliged to turn, which 
threw the line into some confusion as the other vessels approached. 
This was particularly the case with the flagship, which became, in a 
measure, entangled with the monitoi-s and could not bring her battery 
to bear upon Fort Sumter without great risk of firing into them. She 
was obliged, on her way up, to anchor twice to prevent her from 
going iishore, and on one of these occasions in consequence of having 
come into collision with two of the ironclads. 

The monitors and the Keokuk were able to get within easy mnge 
of Fort Sumter at distances varying from 550 to 800 yards, in which 
positions they were subjected successively to a tremendous concen- 
trated fire from all the batteries on Sullivan's Island, Morris Island, 
Sumter, and others of the most formidable kind and from guns of the 
heaviest caliber. 

Not being able to place the New Iromldes where I desired, though 
she was in a distJince of 1,000 yards, and evening approaching, at 4:30 
I made signal to withdmw from action, intending to resume the attack 
the next morning. 

During the evening the commanding oflScers of the ironclads came 
on l)oard the flagship, and, to my regret, I soon became convinced of 
the utter impracticability of taking the city of Charleston ])y the force 
under my (command. 

No ship had been exposed to the severest fire of the enemy over 
forty minutes, and yet in that brief period, as the Department will 
perceive by the detailed reports of the commanding officers, five of 
the ironclads were wholly or partially disabled; disabled, too, as the 
obstructions could not ])e passed, in that which was most essential to 
our success — I mean in their armament or power of inflicting injury 
by their guns. 

Commander Rhind, with the Keokuk^ had only been able to fire three 
times during the short period he was exposed to the guns of the enemy, 
and was obliged to withdraw from action to prevent his vessel from 
sinking, which event occurred on the following morning. 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON.' 



7 



The N^hant^ Commander Downes, was most seriousl} damaged, 
her turret being so jammed as effectually to prevent its turning; many 
of the bolts of both turret and pilot house were broken, and tne latter 
became nearly untenable in consequence of the nuts and ends flying 
across it. 

Captain P. Drayton, in the PaHHaic^ after the fourth fire from his 
Xl-inch gun, was uhable to use it again during the action, and his 
turret also became jammed, though he was, after some delay, enabled 
to get it in motion again. 

Commander Ammen, of the Patapsco^ lost the use of his rifled gun 
after the fifth fire, owing to the carrying away of the forward cap- 
scjuare bolts. 

On the Nantucket Conunander Fairfax reports that after the third 
shot from the XV-inch gun the port stopper became jammed, several 
shot striking very near the port and driving in the plates, preventing 
the further use of that gun during the action. 

The other ironclads, tnough struck many times severely, were still 
able to use their guns; but I am convinced that in all probability in 
another thirty minutes they would have been likewise disabled. 

In the detailed reports, herewith forwarded from the commanding 



not yet received (respectively mar ked Nos. 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9), the 
Department will be fully informed of the character and extent of the 
injuries received by these vessels, and to which 1 have only partially 
referred. 

1 also forward herewith a statement in tabular form (marked No. 10), 
dmwn up by the ordnance officer. Lieutenant Mackenzie, by which, 
among other things, it appears that only 139 shot and shell were firea 
by our vessels, though during that same period the enemy poured upon 
us an incessant storm of round shot ancl shell, rifled projectiles of all 
descriptions, and red-hot shot. 

Anv attempt to pass through the obstructions 1 have referred to 
would have entangled the vessels and held them under the most severe 
tire of heavv ordnance that has ever been delivered, and while it is 
barely possible that some vessels might have forced their way through, 
it would only have been to be again impeded by fresh and more ror- 
midable obstructions and to encounter other powerful batteries, with 
which the whole harbor of Charleston has been lined. 

I had hoped that the endurance of the ironclads would have enabled 
them to have borne any weight of fire to which they might have been 
exposed; but when I found that so large a portion of them was wholly 
or one-half disabled l)y less than an hour's engagement before attempt- 
ing to remove (overcome) the obstructions or testing the power of the 
torpedoes, I was convuiced that a persistence in the attack would only 
result in the loss of the greater portion of the ironclad fleet and in 
leaving many of them inside the harbor to fall into the hands of the 
enemy. 

The slowness of our fire and our inability to occupy any battery 
that we might silence or to prevent its being restored under cover of 
night were difficulties of the gravest character, and until the outer 
forts should have been taken the army could not enter the harbor or 
afford me any assistance. 

The want of success, however, will not prevent me from bringing to 
the notice of the Department the gallant officers and men who took 
part in this desperate conflict. 




8 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 

Commodore Turner, of the Neio Ironsides; Captain Drayton, of the 
Passaic; Captain John Rodgers, of the Weehawken; Captain J. L. 
Worden, of the Mmitauk; Commander Ammen, of the Patamco; 
Commander George W. Rodgers, of the Catskill; Commander Fair- 
fax, of the Nantucket ; Commander Downes, of the Nahant^ and Com- 
mander Rhmd, of the Keohiik^ did everything that the utmost gallantry 
and skill could accomplish in the management of their untried vessels. 
These commanding oflScers have long been known to me; many of 
them served in this squadron before and were present at the capture 
of the Port Royal forts. They are men of the highest professional 
capacity and courage, and fully sustained their reputations, coming up 
to my requirements. I commend them and their reports, which speak 
of those under them, to the consideration of the Department. 

I took my personal staff with me to the New Ironsides. On this, as 
on all other occasions, I had invaluable assistance from the fleet cap- 
tain. Commander C. R. P. Rodgers, who was with me in the pilot 
house, directing the movements of the squadron. For now over 
eighteen months in this war this officer has been afloat with me, and, 
in my opinion, no language could overstate his services to his country, 
to this, fleet, and to myself as its commander in chief. 

Lieutenant S. W. Preston, my flag lieutenant, who has also been with 
me for the same period, exhibited his usual vigilance and zeal, and 
with that ability which is so far beyond his years, he arranged a 
special code of signals, which was used, and served on the gun-deck 
battery of the New Irvnsides, 

My aid. Ensign M. L. Johnson, full of spirit and energy, made the 
signals under difficult circumstances, and kept an accurate note of all 
that were made to and from the fleet. 

Lieutenant A. S. Mackenzie, the ordnance officer of the squadron, 
had been preparing his department of the expedition with ceaseless 
labor, care, and intelligence. He served also on the gun deck of the 
Neto Ironsides. 

The reserved squadron of wooden vessels referred to in 1113^ general 
order of battle, under Captain J. F. Green, of the Oanandaigua^ was 
always in readiness, but their services in the engagement were not 
called into action. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

S. F. Du Pont, 
Rear- Admiral^ Comdg. South Atlantic Blockading Squadron. 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secretary oftlve Navy^ WasJmigton^ D. C. 

P. S. — Since the above was written the report of Commodore 
Turner, of the New Irmsides, has been received, and is herewith 
enclosed (marked No. 11). 

S. F. D. P., 

Bear- Admiral^ etc. 



Order of battle and plan of attack. 

FLAGSHir James Adgeb, 
No7*th Edisto^ South Carolina^ April ^, 1863. 
The bar will be buoyed by the Keoknk^ Commander Rhind, assisted 
by C. O. Boutelle, assistant, U. S. Coa«t Survev, commanding the 
Jaibb; by Acting Ensign Piatt, and the pilots of t£e squadron. 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



9 



The commanding officers will, previous to crossing, make themselves 
acauainted with the value of the buoys. 

The vessels will, on signal being made, form in the prescribed order 
ahead, at intervals of one cable's length. 

The squadron will pass up the main Ship Channel without returning 
the fire of the batteries on Morris Island, unless signal should be made 
to commence action. 

The ships will open fire on Fort Sumter when within easy range, 
and will take up a position to the northward and westward of that 
fortification, engaging its left or northwest face at a distimce of from 
600 to 800 yards, firing low and aiming at the center embmsure. 

The commanding officers will instruct their officers and men to care- 
fully avoid wasting a shot, and will enjoin upon them the necessity of 
precision rather than rapidity of fire. 

Each ship will be prepared to render every assistance possible to 
vessels that may require it. 

The special code of signals prepared for the ironclad vessels will be 
used in action. 

After a reduction of Fort Sumter it is proba])le that the next point 
of attack will be the batteries on Morris Island. 

The order of Imttle will be the line ahead in the following succession: 

1. Weehawken. 6. Cat.skill. 

2. Passaic. 7. Nantucket. 

3. Montauk. 8. Nuhant. 

4. Patapsco. 9. Keokuk. 

5. New IiDnsides. 

A squadron of reserve, of which Captiiin J. F. Green will be the 
senior officer, will be formed outside the bar and near the entrance 
buoy, consisting of the following vessels: 

Canandai^a. W i»*ali ivkon . 

Hou£<atonic. Huron. 
Unadilla. 

And will be hOd in readiness to support the ironclads when they attjick 
the batteries on Morris Island. 

S. F. Du Pont, 
Bear- Admiral., Coimhj, South Ail unite Blavhadinif Sqiuidrtm, 



DetaUed report of Captain Drayton, U. 8. Navy, commanding U. 8. S. Passaic. 

U. S. Ikonclad Passaic, 
Of Morris Mmd, <V. Apr it S, ISGS, 
Sir: In obedience to your signal, 1 yesterday, at l!^:80, got under- 
lay, prepared to follow the nechawken.^ which vessel had on the bow 
a raft projection for catching torpedoes. This, however, fouling her 
anchor and causing some delay, I, at 12: 40, signaled for permission to 
go ahead. The Weehaiaken., however, having at length cleared her 
anchor, proceeded at 1:15 toward Charleston, followed by this vessel. 
On the way up a number of buoys of various descriptions were passed, 
strewed about in every direction, and causing susi)icion of torpedoes, 
one of which machines we saw burst under the bow of the Weenmrkm. 
At 2:50 Fort Moultrie and the batteries on Sullivan's Island opened, 
to which I replied with the Xl-inch in passing, and pushed on for 
Sumter, whose guns began almost immediately to five., ivnAN\ii\QiVvVow^. 
answered hy my two. When opposite the center oi t\\e iovl nnc. vi-aAxva 



10 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING 8QUADB0N. 



pretty close to some obstructions which seemed to extend the whole 
way from Fort Moultrie across. Here I stopped, as the Weehawken 
had done just before. At the fourth shot from the Xl-inch gun I was 
struck in quick succession on the lower part of the turret by two heavy 
shot, which bulged in its plate and beams, and, forcing together the mua 
on which the Al-inch carriage worked, rendered it wholly useless for 
the remainder of the action, seveml hours being necessary to put it 
again in working order. Soon after it was discovered that there was 
something the matter with the turret itself, which could not be moved, 
and on examination it was found that a part of the bi'ass ring under- 
neath it had been broken off and being forced inboard had jammed; on 
clearing this, the turret could again be moved, but for some time 
irregularly. 

A little after a very heavy rifle shot struck the upper edge of the 
turret, broke all of its eleven plates, and then glancmg upward took 
the pilot house, yet with such force as to make an indentation of 2J 
inches, extending nearly the whole length of the shot. The blow was 
so severe as to considerably mash in the pilot house, bend it over, open 
the plates, and squeeze out the top, so that on one side it was lifted up 
3 inches above the top on which it rested, exposing the inside of the 
pilot house and rendering it likely that the next shot would take off 
the top itself entirely. 

At 4:10, being desirous of more carefully examining into the injuries 
to the gun carriage and turret, as the engineer thought one of the 
braces which supports the latter was broken, and also to see what was 
the external injury to the pilot house, and whether it was possible to 
get the top into place, and not being able to do this in the crowd of 
vessels which were all around and under so tierce a fire, 1 dropped a 
little below Fort Moultrie and anchored, having signaled for your per- 
mission, which was not, 1 think, seen, however. 

I soon satisfied myself that there was nothing to be done either to 
the pilot house or Xl-inch gun, and the injury to the turret not prov- 
ing very serious, 1 was just about returning to the upper fort when 
you made signal to follow your motions, and very soon after, at 4: 30, 
to retire from action. 

At 5 1 got underway and followed the Inytisldea to my present 
anchorage. 

The only really serious injuries were the ones mentioned above, 
although the vessel was struck: thirty -five times, as follows: Outside 
armor, fifteen times, which it has been too rout^h to examine; deck, five 
times, once very badly; turret, ten times; pilot house, twice; smoke 
pipe, once; flagstaff* over turret shot awa}^ and boat shattered. 

There was a little motion, and in consequence some of the outside 
shots are low down. Several boltheads were knocked off and thrown 
into the pilot house and turret, and the former might have done serious 
injury to those inside had they not been stopped by a sheet-iron lining 
which 1 had placed there while at Port Royal. Owing to the delays 
ciiused by the various accidents ending in the entire disabling of one 
gun, I was only able to fire four times from the Xl-inch and nine 
from the XV-inch gun. There was some loss of time also from the 
necessity of using the sectional rammer, as the fire was all around and 
reqiiirea the ports to be kept closed. 

On account of the dense smoke I was not able to see the effect of 
my own shots, but except a few scars, I could not perceive, either yes- 
terday or this morning, when I had a very good view of its lower face, 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



11 



that the fort was in the least injured, and am satisfied that our limited 
number of guns, with their slow tire and liability to get out of order, 
were no match for the hundreds which were concentrated on them at 
distances perhaps scarcely anywhere beyond a half mile, and nearly as 
well protected against injury from shot as were ours. 

I could see several ranges of piles running nearly across the upper 
harbor, the first line having a narrow opening, just beyond which were 
the enemy's steamers, three of them apparently ironclads. 

I was more than usually incommoded by smoke during the action, 
owing, no doubt, to the difficulty of keeping the blower bands in work- 
ing order with such an amount of water as has been for days pouring 
over them through the lower part of the turret — a most serious evil, 
and which I think calls for a remedy if the turret is to be kept up in 
any but the smoothest water. 

My experience at Fort McAllister satisfied me that the decks were 
not strong enough, and this of Fort Sumter that the pilot house is not 
capable of withstanding heavy shot for any length of time, and even 
throws a doubt on the turret itself, or at least its machinery. The fire 
to which we were in turn subjected was as fierce, I suspect, as vessels 
are often exposed to, and one of my officers who was below tells me 
that at one time in a few seconds he counted fifteen shot which passed 
over his head just above the deck, and at times the whistling was so 
rapid he could not keep count at all. 

This certainly shows how much battering our ironclads escape by 
being so low on the water. You probably observed yourself m the 
IroTmde^ the great difficulty of managing these vessels and keeping 
them clear of each other and the bottom with the limited power of 
vision which the holes in the pilot house afford, and when to this is 
added the smoke I consider it a piece of great good luck that none of 
us got ashore or received injury Ifrom collision. 

In conclusion, I have to thank Lieutenant-Commander Miller and 
the other officers and crew generall}^ for the quiet and efficient manner 
in which all their duties were performed. 

I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

P. Drayton, 

Captain, 

Rear-Admiral S. F. Du Pont, 

Comdg. South Atlantic BlockxjUj, Sfjnadnm^ Flagshq) Tnmsides, 



Detailed report of Captain Sedgers, U. 8. Navy, commanding U. 8. 8. Weehawken. 

U. S. S. Weehawken, 
Tnmde Charhdon Bar, S, CI, Aprils, 186S. 
Sir: I have the honor to submit the following report: 
Yesterday, April 7, one of the gmpnels of the raft attached to us 
became so entangled in our chain that the Wtehaickt^ was detiiined 
about two houi*s in getting underway. In obedience to given signal 
we succeeded, however, in arriving under the tire of Fort Sumter at 
about 2:50 p. m. 

The accuracy of the shooting on the part of the rebels was very 
gpreat, having been attained, no doubt, by practice at range targets, 
since I remarked that a^ we passed a buoy all the guns opened at once. 
The missiles were very foimidable, being, I infer from their marks, 



12 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADBON. 



bolts, ball, rifled shells, and steel-pointed shot. More than 100 guns, I 
think, fired upon us at once with great rapidity and mostly at short 
i-ange. My counted shot marks are 53; some, 1 presume, have escaped 
attention. 

Two or three heavy shot struck the side armor near the same place. 
They have so broken the iron that it only remains in splinterea frag- 
ments upon that spot. Much of it can be picked off by hand and the 
wood is exposed. 

The deck was pierced so as to make a hole, through which water 
ran into the vessel, but it was not large. 

Thirty-six bolts were broken in the turret and a good many in the 
pilot house, but as these are concealed by an iron lining I nave no 
means of knowing how many. 

At one time the turret revolved with difficulty in consequence of a 
shot upon its junction with the pilot house, but it worked well again 
after a few turns had been made with higher steam. 

The guns and carriages performed well. At 5 o'clock, in obedience 
to signal, withdrew from the range of fire and anchored. From the 
nature of the attack the vessels were alternately under the hottest fire, 
and no one, I presume, may be said to haye had it very severe for more 
than forty minutes. 

We approached very close to the obstructions extending from Fort 
Sumter to Fort Moultrie — as near, indeed, as 1 could get without run- 
ning upon them. They were marked by rows of casks very near 
together. To the eye they appeared almost to touch one another, and 
there was more than one Ime of them. 

To me they appeared thus: 



The appearance was so formidable that upon deliberate judgment 
I thought it right not to entangle the vessel in obstructions which I did 
not think we could have passed through and in which we should have 
been caught. Beyond these, piles were seen between Castle Pinckney 
and the Middle Ground. 

A torpedo exploded under us or very near to us. It lifted the ves- 
sel a little, but lam unable to perceive that it has done us any damage. 



The mf t which we had attached to our bow did not much impede our 
steering, but while lying at anchor the waves converted it into a huge 
battering mm. In two days it had started the armor upon our bow; 
no vessel can carry it except in smooth water. Its motions did not 
correspond to the movements of the Weehawken; sometimes when she 
rose to the sea the raft fell, and the reverse. Thus we were threat- 
ened with having it on our decks or under the overhang. No prudent 
man would carry the torpedo attached to the raft; in a fleet an acci- 
dental collision would blow up his own friend, and he would be more 
dreaded than an enemy. 

All the officers and men behaved so admirably that I am unable to 
select one for especial commendation. 

1 am much indebted to Mr. Robert Piatt, of the U. S. Coast SuiTey 
steamer Bibb^ for his cool and efficient pilotage of the vessel, which he 



° □ '=^a ° ° 



□ □ □ 




SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 13 

continued to direct after a ball touching the pilot house immediately 
over his head had given him a severe concussion. 

The guns, machinery, and, in a word, all our appliances were in excel- 
lent order, owing to the care and attention or the executive officer, 
Lieutenant-Commander L. IL Newman, Acting First Assistant Engi- 
neer James G. Young, and of the other officers. 

With your present means I could not, if I were asked, rcconunend 
a renewal of the attack. 

I have the honor to be, your obedient servant, 

John Rodgers, 

Captai7i. 

Rear- Admiral S. F. Du Pont, 

Gainmayiding SoiUh Atlantio Blockading Sqiuidroii. 



Beport of Captain Worden, U. S. Navy, commanding U. S. S. Montaak. 

U. S. S. MONTAUK, 
Imid^ Charleston Bai\ April c9, 186S, 
Sir: 1 have the honor to report that on yesterday at thirty minutes 
past noon this vessel got undei'way in accordance with signal from the 
flagship, taking the position assigned in line next astern of the Passaic^ 
and proceeded up the channel. At fifty minutes past 2 o'clock p. m. 
Fort Moultrie opened fire at long range upon the advanced vessels, 
and soon after all the forts on Sullivan's Island and the two upon the 
upper end of Morris Island did the same. At ten minutes past 3 

clock this vessel opened fire upon Fort Sumter at about 800 yards 
distance, and still advancing. A few minutes later, the leading ves- 
sels having stopped in position about 000 yards from the fort, I also 
stopped in my assigned position near the Passaic and at about the 
same distance from the fort as the other vessels and delivered my fire 
deliberately. 

Some minutes later, the flood tide having made, and setting the ves- 
sels close to some formidable looking obstructions (which I deemed it 
highly important to avoid), they turned their heads toward the flood, 
and I followed in their wake. As soon as I could get my vessel under 
control, which it was quite difficult to do in avoiding the other vessels, 

1 turned toward the fort again, got within about 700 yards of it, and 
delivered my fire as long as I was able to hold that position; but the 
tide drifting us, and the other vessels being close around me, I again 
turned to avoid fouling them, still delivering my fire as opportunity 
occurred. 

At about 5 o'clock I ceased firing and withdrew from action, in 
accordance with signal from flagship, and stood slowly down against 
the tide, and at about 5:40 o'clock p. m. anchored in the channel about 
2i miles below Fort Sumter. 

For about fifty minutes only the vessels of the fleet were under a 
concentrated and terrific fire, and received their injuries during that 
time. 

This vessel was hit fourteen times, but received no material damage. 
I enclose a report of the injuries she received and another of the 
ammunition expended. 

I am happy to be able to report no casualties. 



14 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



I desire to say that I experienced serious embarrassment in maneuv- 
ering my vevssel in the narrow and uncertain channel, with the limited 
means of observation afforded from the pilot house under the rapid 
and concentrated fire from the forts, the vessels of the fleet close 
around me, and neither compass nor buoj^s to guide me. 

After testing the weight of the enemy's fire, and observing the 
obstructions, I am led to believe that Charleston can not be taken by 
the naval force now present, and that had the attack been continued 
it could not have failed to result in disaster. 

To the officers and crew en masse 1 can proudly ^iv^e unbounded 
praise for their coolness and efficiency and for their cheerful and 
ready support. 

To the executive officer, Lieutenant-Commander C. H. Cushman, I 
am much indebted for the ver^^ efficient organization of the crew and 
for all the arrangements for battle. He has given me an earnest, 
intelligent, and efficient support on all occasions. 

Acting Assistant Paj^master Samuel T. Browne, having volunteered 
to act as signal officer, made himself familiar with the new code of 
signals adopted, was with me in the pilot house, and by his quickness 
of sight and of apprehension was of material service to me, particu- 
larly in view of my much-impaired eyesight. 

Very respectful I}', your obedient servant, 

John L. Worden, 
(Japtain^ CominancUng Montcmk,. 

Rear-Admiral S. F. Du Pont, 

CommandiiKj South Atlantic Bhckadimj Squddron, 



Beport of Lieutenant-Commander Cnshman, U. S. Navy, regarding the effect of the enemy*! 
fire upon the U. S. S. Montauk. 

Hits on side armor, 4. One of those is severe, detaching the entire 
after starboard section of i)lating about three-eighths of an inch from 
the backing. The section will require refastening. Three of these 
are not injurious. 

Hits on turret, 8. None injurious. 

Hits on pilot house, 1. This hit is tolerably severe, loosening three 
bolts and starting in the plating somewhat. 
In addition there are some light scars from grape or langrage. 
Hits on deck plating, 3. None very severe. 

In addition there arc some grape marks also on deck and one grape- 
shot lodged between bolts of forward warping chock. 

Hits on upper smokestack, 3. All unimportant. 

Second cutter was cut adrift and lost and nags and staffs considerably 
riddled by grapeshot. 

Respectfully, etc., 

C. H. CrSHMAN, 

Limtenant- Commander^ Executwe Officer. 

Captain John I^. Worden, 

U. S. S. Man ta nk. 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 15 
Seport of Commander Ammen, U. S. Navy, commanding U. S. S. Patapseo. 

Ironclad Patapsco, 
P(yrt Royal Harbor, S, April 1863. 

Sir: I have the honor to report that on arriving off Charleston on 
the afternoon of the 5th I proceeded, as directed, to cover the move- 
ments of the Keokuk when she sounded the bar, anchoring with the 
CaUkill as near as safety would permit. 

It was near sunset when the work was completed and our pilot had 
received instructions. The Patapsco was immediately got underway, 
crossed the bar, and anchored near the inner buoy. After dark we 
were joined by the Catskill, 

At 11 p. m. a steamer was discovered approaching from the direction 
of Charleston. She left as soon as she found herself in our vicinity 
and disappeared before I had an opportunity to fire on her. 

In obedience to your signal, at 12: 15 p. m. of the 7th we got under- 
way and took the position in line as assigned. Owing to unavoidable 
delays at the head of tha line, the leading vessel re^ichcd an effective 
range for the heavy ordnance of the enemy at about 3 p. m., when she 
was opened on from Fort Sumter, and shortly after from a sand bat- 
tery above Fort Moultrie, with adjacent sand ])atteries. Sand Battery 
Beauregard, and two heavy guns on Cumming's Point. 

The i^atapsco was the fourth vessel in line, and at 3:10 opened with 
the 150-pounder rifle when at a distance of 1,500 yards from Sumter. 
Following in position, we opened when at about 1,200 yards with the 
heavy gun. After the fifth discharge of the rifle that gun was rendered 
useless from carrying away the forward cap square bolts, an injury 
which could not be repaired for two hours, notwithstanding the strenu- 
ous exertions of the executive ofliicer and the senior engineer. 

Shortly after, our leading vessel, following the head of the line, 
turned seaward. At that tmie or before, I discovered several rows of 
buoys above us, also one or two rows of piles or heaviljr moored 
wooden buoys above them, one row to the left of Sumter, high out of 
the water. This last appeared to be some distance above. 

Endeavoring to turn a ship's length short of the Mojitauk we found 
the headway of the vessel cease and that she no longer obeyed the helm. 
Backing, we got off, but had been sufficiently long on the enemy's 
obstructions to receive the concentrated fire of the batteries mentioned, 
consisting, as far as 1 can judge from the marks and pieces of projec- 
tiles, of 7 and inch rifles and X and XI inch columbiads. At this 
time we were probably within 600 yards from Fort Moultrie and a lit- 
tle more than double the distance from Sumter. 

We had passed several buoys for range of guns or other purposes on 
going up and after getting off of the obstructions passed down on the 
same side. Although I endeavored I found it impossible at the time 
to make the signal tnat we were on an obstruction, and 1 have to regret 
that observing the effect of our fire, the want of space or means of 
observation in the pilot house, and maneuvering the vessel prevented 
that close observation of the obstructions or the forces of the batteries 
of the enemy which would have been desirable, the seeing of all the 
signals made bv 3^ou, or the accurate noting of the time. 

After a few teavy blows on the turret, the quantity of steam, l^efore 
ample to turn it, was insuflScient, and this was also cause of annoyance, 
delay, and a decreased fire from the only gun available. 



16 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



Obeying the signal to withdraw from action, 1 anchored on the port 
bow 01 the jYem Fromidiis ready to aid her, if required, and afterwards, 
obeying instructions, anchorea for the night in line. 

Forty -seven projectiles of the enemy struck the vessel. No dama^ 
was done which disabled her, although injuries were received, whicn, 
multiplied, would do so. Forty bolts of the smokestack were broken, 
and a chain around it will be necessary to its continued security. 

The officers and crew acquitted themselves as usual. I am indebted 
to Acting Master Vaughan, transferred temporarily to this vessel, for 
valuable aid in avoiding collisions, as it is out of the question for 
one person to observe properly from the various sight-holes. 

1 think a want of vision one of the most serious defects of this class, 
making it impossible to fight them advantageously, to avoid dangers, 
or to make a satisfactory reconnoissance. 

Another question of great impoilance as relates to their efficient 
employment is the character of the battery. If it is proposed to bat- 
ter down forts with a XV-inch gun, then it is quite plain that we have 
to come within distances at which heavy orcinance, if employed in 
heavy batteries against us, can not fail in the end to injure or perhaps 
disable us. A comparatively light projectile with the same charge of 
powder might enable us to take such distance as would be effective and 
yet be compamtively free from injury to us. 

Owing to the early disabling of the rifle and the various discomfitures 
referred to only five projectiles were tired from each gun. I saw sev- 
eral of them were effective. 

1 have the honor to be, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

Daniel Ammen, 

Commander. 

Rear-»Admiral S. F. Du Pont, 

Coiiiinandimj South Atlantic lilockadlng Squadron, 



Beport of Commander Bodgers, XT. 8. Navy, commanding XT. 8. 8. CatskiU. 

U. S. Ironclad Catskill, 
hi^lde Charlf\Hton B<ii\ April <9, 1863, 
Sin: I have the honor to report tliat immediately after the arrival 
of this ship off ( -harleston, on the 5th instant, I went close in to the 
bar to cover the Keokuk while sounding out the channel. About sun- 
down, the channel having })een buoyed, I got underway, in obedience 
to your order, and went over the bar. It was too dark to see the 
buoys, but the l\ttapi<o) having gone over, and being alone inside, I 
pushed on and anchored safely inside. During the night a steamer 
came in sight, apparently reconnoitering, but returned upon being 
discovered. The tJth the weather was too thick to see the ranges for 
proceeding up the channel. The 7th, at 12: 15 p. irt, in obedience to 
signal, I got underway with the fleet. At 1:45, having formed in 
order of battle, fine ahead, my position being next astern the flagship, 
started ahead. At 2:50 Forts Moultrie, Sumter, and Beauregard, 
with the batteries at Cumming's Point, Mount Pleasant, and the 
Causeway, or Redan, extending from Fort Moultrie, operated upon 
the head of the line. The flagship becoming unmanageable from the 
shoal water and strong tide, I passed her. At 3:35 the first shot 
struck the CatsklU^ and at 3:30 i opened fire upon Fort Sumter, dis- 
regarding the others, the leading v^esscls having proceeded as far as 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



17 



the obstructions. I pushed on, and approaching within 600 yards of 
Fort Sumter, near the Keohjk^ continued my fire, which I could see 
take effect; one XV-inch shot apparently dismounted one of the bar- 
bette guns. ^ At 5, in obedience to signal, I withdrew from action and 
anchored with the fleet inside the bar out of rnnge. 

The cross fire from the forts and batteries was most severe, several 
lines of buojs extended from Fort Sumter across the channel, and 
from the Middle Ground extended a row of piles, inside of which 
were several steamers. I was surprised to fina even with this severe 
fire that these vessels could be so much injured in so short a time, two 
or three having passed me during the action, to which some disaster 
had happened. 

This vessel was struck some twenty times but without any serious 
injury except one shot upon the forward part of the deck, which 
broke both plates, the deck planking, ana drove down the iron 
stanchion sustaining this beam about 1 inch, causing the deck to leak. 

I am glad to say that no person was injured during the engagement. 
The omcers and crew of tnis vessel all behaved with coolness and 
courage. Lieutenant-Commander C. C. Carpenter, the executive 
officer, and Acting Master J. W. Simmons directed the fire of the 
guns in the turret with energy and skill. To Senior Engineer George 
D. Emmons and Peter Truscott, quartermaster, who steered this ship, 
I am much indebted for the assistance rendered me. 

I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

G. W. RODGERS, 

Commander. 

Rear- Admiral S. F. Du Pont, 

Oommanding SoiUh Atlantic Blockading Sqiiculron, 



Seport of Comsumder Fairfax, XT. 8. Kavy, commanding XT. 8. 8. Kantnoket. 

U. S. Ironclad Nantucket, 
Off Cummlng^s Pointy April 8^ 1863. 

Sir: I have the honor to make the following report of the part 
taken by this vessel in the attack of yesterday upon the forts at the 
entrance to Charleston by the ironclad fleet under your command: 

At 1:15 p. m., in obeclience to a general signal from the flagship, 
weighed anchor and took up a position — the seventh vessel in order of 
battle, the line ahead. 

At 2:50 the batteries opened their fire upon our advanced line. 
About this time the New iromideH seemed to nave become unmanage- 
able, falling off and out of line, with her head downstream. Her slow 
progress prevented the rearmost vessels from closing up with those 
already under fire. It was then the signal was thrown out to " disre- 
gard tne motions of the commander in chief," and the rearmost vessels 
pushed on to gain a position within effective range of the forts. 

At 3:20 the guns rrom Fort Beauregard opened upon this vessel at 
a distance of 750 yards. 

At 3:50, having arrived within 750 yards of Fort Sumter and 1,000 
yards of Moultrie and close up to the obstructions thrown across the 
channel, I directs the fire of the two guns to be opened upon Fort 

N W B— VOL 14 ^ 



18 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING 8QUADBON. 



Sumter. We were then under the fire of three forts, and most ter- 
rilic was it for forty-five to fifty minutes. Our fire was very slow 
necessarily, and not naif so observable upon the walls of the fort as 
the rain of their rifle shot and heavy shell was upon this vessel. After 
the third shot from the XV-inch gun the port stopper became jammed, 
several shot striking very near the port and driving in the plating. 
It was not used again. I'he Xl-inch gun was fired ouring the entire 
time of one hour and fifteen minutes only twelve times. 

At 5 o'clock the signal to cease firing was made. As the fleet with- 
drew the forts materiallv slackened their tire, evidently not wishing 
to expend their ammunition without some result. C/crtainly their fir- 
ing was excellent throughout. Fortunately it was diverted to some 
half a dozen ironclads at a time. The effect of their tire upon the 
Keokuk^ together with that of their heavy rifle shot upon the moni- 
tors, is sufficient proof that any one vessel could not long have with- 
stood the concentrated fire of the enemy's batteries. The obstructions 
being placed at a concentrated point of fire from the three forts show 
conclusively that they must have been of no mean chamcter. Our fire 
always drew down upon us four or five heavy rifle shots aimed at our 
ports. One rifle shot struck within less than 6 inches of the XV-inch 
port; sevenil struck very near. I am convinced that although this 
class of vessels can stand a very heavy fire, yet the want of more guns 
will render them comparatively harmless before fonnidable earth- 
works and forts. 1 must say that I am disappointed beyond measure 
at this experiment of monitors overcoming strong forts. It was a fair 
trial. 

I am gratified to be able to say that the officers and crew behaved 
with becoming coolness and braverv. Lieutenant-Commander L. A. 
Beardslee, the executive officer, and the senior engineer, Mr. George 
H. White, rendered me great assistanc(i in the working of guns, tur- 
ret, and even the vessel, as the boll gear })roke early in the fight and 
the orders had to be passed down to turret chamber, and thence by 
a tube into the engine room. 

Herewith are the reports of executive officer und senior engineer. 
They will explain the condition of the vossel after the attack. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

D. M. Fairfax, 
Cmriinander^ U, S. Nany. 

Rear-Admiral S. F. Du Pont, 

Command in (] South Atlmitic Blockading Squady'on, 



Report of Lieutenant-Cktminaiider Beardslee, XT. 8. Navy, regarding injuries sustained by 

the XT. 8. 8. Nantucket. 

U. S. Ironci^i) Nantucket, 
Lwide Charh'Mon Iiai\ April 6', 1863. 

Sir: In obedience to your order I furnish you with a .statement of 
the injuries received by this ship durin^^ the enj^i^emont yesterday: 

We were struck lifty-one times, licsides a number of dents by frag- 
ments of .shells. * . 

The turret was struck eighteen times, principally l)y X-inch solid 
and 6-inch rifle shot. 

One rifle shot .struck on the lower corner of the XV-inch port, dent- 
ing the outer plate about li inches and bulging the whcle thickness 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOOKADINO SQUADRON. ' 19 



SO much as to prevent the port stopper from swinging. This shot was 
received after the third fire of the XV-inch and disabled the gun for 
the rest of the fight, we not being able to open the port. A A-inch 
shot struck directly opposite and near the top of the turret, starting a 
number of bolts and breaking the clamp ring inside. The others did 
no serious damage further than breaking and loosening a number of 
bolts. There may be more damage, but we will not be able to ascer- 
tain without removing the pilasters covering the boltheads, a job that 
can not be done without for the time disabling the turret. During the 
action the turret became jammed. Upon examination we discovered 
six or seven boltheads and nuts that had fallen inside and into the 
recess around the bottom of the turret, rendering it necessary to key 
the turret higher in order to clear them. Upon attempting to revolve 
the turret again to-day, found that another had fallen since the first 
were removed. The pilot house was struck once, a square hit, but 
doing no damage. The side armor was struck nine times, once below 
ttie water line. 

A number of the side plates are started so much that another shot 
in their vicinity would, in my opinion, knock them off. One bolt was 
driven througK the iron and is buried in the oak ; one of the dock plates 
is started, from a blow on the side armor. The smokestack was rid- 
dled in the upper sections, and received fiv^e shots in the lower sec- 
tion; one, a solid X-inch, fell after striking upon the deck, and was 
secured. 

The steam whistle was cut off. The deck plates were cut in twelve 
places. One shot cut through the iron and about 2 inches into the 
beam, starting the plates, several bolts, and the planking for some feet 
below. This was directly over the Andrews pump, in the engine 
room. The others are not serious. The first discnarge of the XV-inch 
gun blew off eight of the heads of the bolts securing the muzzle box. 
The discharge of the Xl-inch gun, or else the blow of a shot on the 
turret, liftea one of the perforated plates on top. These plates are 
not properly secured. Tne outer turret plate in the XV-inch port is 
started about one-fourth of an inch; the next layer in a less degree. 

Two of the guides to the XI [inch] carriage were carried away, 
through the gun not being properly compressed. Some of the gear 
to the engine-room bell was displaced at tne first fire, causing trouble 
and confusion in getting orders promptly conveyed from pilot house 
to engine room. Fortunately we had had a speaking tube from the 
turret chamber to the engine room put up at Port Royal. 

The ship is tight and can, if necessary, go into another fight at once, 
but to do so would, in my opinion, greatly endanger the ship, unless 
considerable repairs are first given her, there being several places too 
much weakened to resist a second })low. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

L. A. Bearuslek, 
Lieutenant- Coramandrv and Executive Officer, 

Commander D. McN. Fairfax, U. S. Navy, 

U. S, Ironcmd Nantuckat. 



20 • SOUra ATLANTIC BLOCKADINO 8QUADBON. 



Report of Seeond Aflsistant Engineer White, XT. 8. Navy, eenior eng^eer of the IT. 8. 8. 
Nantnoket, regarding injuries sustained by that vessel. 

U. S. Ironclad Steamer Nantucket^ 

Inside Charleston Bm\ S. C, April 8^ 1863. 
Sir: 1 would report the damage done this vessel during the engage- 
ment of the 7th in. 'int as follows: 

Of the shots striking the deck two have made large scores and cracked 
the top plate; another on the starboard side, over the engine-room 

Slatform and directly above the Andrews pump, has cut through the 
eck plates and several inches into the deck, forcing one of the bolts 
through the beam and the deck planks down on each side of it. The 
fastenings of both deck plates and planks are started for several feet. 
This should receive attention before the ship takes part in another 
fight. The other shots on deck have done no material damage. All 
the shots striking the side armor have started the bolts and plates; in 
one or two places the plates are cracked, but to no serious extent. 
Though some of these are on or near the water line, there are no leaks 
from them, the vessel remaining as dry as before. The turret has 
been struck in a number of places, breaking off the heads of several 
bolts and a number of the nuts on the inside. Under the XV-inch 
port a shot has started all the plates, causing them for a time to jam 
the port closer (this difficulty was overcome tnis morning); none of the 
plates are broken. Directly opposite, but near the top of the turret, 
a shot has bent the plates badly, carried away the inner ring and a 
number of nxxis. The full extent of the injury can not be seen, as it is 
covered by a pilaster, but I can not think it serious. The shots struck 
the ring at the bottom of the turret, bending it badly and causing it 
to jam. It is of no use in its present condition. 

The muzzle box of the XV-inch gun has carried awav from the 
turret on the forward side, breaking eight bolts, five on the side and 
three on the bottom. This part of the vessel is a bad fit, which 1 think 
accounts for all the trouble. 

On the forward side of the Xl-inch port the three outer courses of 
plates have started by the tiring of this gun, the outer one being three- 
tenths of an inch beyond its proper position; the porthole is cut near 
the edge of the plate, and there are no bolts to hold it in place. In 
revolving the turret it has pressed several times on the nuts, which 
have carried away and fallen down. For some reason, that as vet I 
have been unable to find out, the turret does not revolve as freely as 
before, but I hope to be able to remedy this trouble. 

The braces between the deck beams under the turret work slack and 
should be provided with jam nuts. The effect of all the shot that have 
struck the turret nearly in a line with the axis seems to indicate that 
the. bolts fit too loosely and the iron of the bolts is of such a character 
as to break too easily. The violent recoil of the Xl-inch on one occa- 
sion forced a hole through one of the pilastei's and backed one of the 
bolts some three inches out of the turret, at the same time carrying 
away the two after guides on the carriage; the repairs requiVea are 
being made, but in tne meantime the gun is ready for duty. The per- 
forated plate over this gun was raised out of its position, but has been 
reDlaceci and is being firmly secured. In order to learn how many 
bolts are broken, the shot racks and plates in the turret will have to be 
taken up in order to remove the pilasters, which would for a time 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



21 



disable the vessel, and I have not thought it advisable to reconunend 
it at present. 

The impregnable smoke pipe was struck several times, breaking the 
heads of two bolts and carrying away a piece about 3 inches deep at 
the top, where the temporary pipe is fastened. The temporarjr smoke 
pipNB is full of holes, but still answers every purpose. The whistle and 
whistle pipe are both shot away, as was the after awning stanchion. 

The pilot house was struck once, but no damage was done. 

During the early part of the engagement the bell pull gave way, 
rendering it necessary to pass the word from the pilot house. This 
has since been repaired. 

The fact of nearly all the shot striking the turret and the after part 
of the vessel shows clearly that the object of the enemy was to either 
disable the guns or machinery; fortunately the attempt was unsuc- 
cessful. The machinery and boilers are in good order, and as soon as 
the bolts promised have been sent on board the guns will be as perfect 
as before the engagement. 

I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

Geo. H. Whfte^ 

Senior Engtneer, 

Conunander D. M. Fairfax, U. S. Navy, 

Commcmdmg U, S. Irondaa Steamer Nantucket. 



B«port of Commander Bownes, XT. 8. Navy, commanding IT. 8. 8. Kahant 

U. S. Ibonclad Steamer Nahant, 

Part Royal, April IS, 1S63. 

Sib: I have the honor to submit the following account of the part 
taken by this vessel in the action of the 7th instant with the forts and 
batteries in Charleston Harbor: 

Weighing anchor in compliance with signal, we occupied the position 
assign^ us in the order of battle next to the rear of the line, entering 
into action at about 3 p. m., and at 4 becoming hotly engaged with 
Forts Sumter and Moultrie and the various other batteries which lined 
the northern shore of the harbor and concentrated an intense fire upon 
us, wliile floating obstructions of a formidable nature apparently, drawn 
between Moultne and Sumter, barred the way to further progress up 
the harbor. We soon began to suffer from tne effects of the terrible 
and I believe almost unprecedented fire to which we were exposed, and 
at about 4:30 the turret refused to turn, having become jammed from 
the effects of three blows from heavy shot, two of them on the compo- 
sition ring about the base of the pilot house (one of these breaking off 
a piece of iron weighing 78 pounds from the interior that assisted to 
keep the house square on its oearings, throwing it with such violence 
to the other side of the house, striking, benaing, and disarranging 
steering ^ear in its course, that it bounded from the inside curtain and 
fell back into the center of the house) and the other on the outside of 
turret, bulging it in and driving off the If-inch apron bolted onto the 
inside to keep m place the gun rails and down the main brace of turret. 
The boltheaos flying from the inside of pilot house at the same time 
struck down the pilot, Mr. Sofield, twice struck and senseless, and the 
quartermaster, lidward Cobb, helmsman, fatally injuring with frac- 
tured skull, leaving me alone in the pilot house, the steetiii^ 
becoming at the same time disari-angea. We were mt\i\ii 



22 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



of Fort Sumter, unmanageable, and under the concentrated fire of, I 
think, 100 guns at short range, and the obstructions close aboard, but 



time to prevent disastrous result, and getting my vessel once more under 
command, I endeavored to renew the action, but after repeated futile 
efforts to turn the guns onto the fort, I concluded to retire for a time 
from close action and endeavor to repair damages. At this time the 
squadron commenced retiring from action in compliance with signal, 
and we permanently withdrew, having been about forty minutes in 
close action, during which we were struck thirty -six times heavily, 
had 1 man fatally, 2 severely, and 4 slightly injured, all by flying bolts 
and iron inside of turret and pilot house, and received the following 
injuries to the vessel and fittings, besides those already enumerated: 
The plates on side armor broken badly in several places, and in one 
where, struck by two shots in close proximit}^ partly stripped from 
the wood and the wood backing broken in, with edging of aeck plates 
started up and rolled back in places. On port quarter side armor 
deeply indented and started from side and extremity of stem. The 
decK is stinick twice damagingly, one shot near the propeller well, 
quite shattering and tearing the plating* in its passage and starting up 
twenty-five bolts, another starting plate and twenty bolts, and slignter 
blows are numerous. In smokeste-ck armor there are three shot marks, 
one that pierced the armor, making a hole 15 inches long and 9 inches 
broad, displacing grating inside and breaking seven bolts. In the tur- 
ret there are marks of nine shot, fifty-six of the bolts are broken per- 
ceptibly to us, the boltheads flying off inside of turret, and the bolts 
starting almost their length outside, some of them flying out com- 
pletely and being found at a considerable distance from the turret on 
the deck. Doubtless many others are broken that we can not detect, 
as by trying them we find others loosened. One shot struck the upper 
part of the turret, breaking through every plate, parting some of them 
m two. three, and four places. In pilot house there were marks of six 
shot, three of them Xl-mch; twenty-one of the bolts were broken per- 
ceptibly and others evidently started. The plates are also much started 
and the pilot house itself, I think, nmch damaged and wrecked; indeed, 
it is my opinion that four more such shot as it received would have 
demolished it. One shot at the base broke every plate through and 
evidently nearly penetrated it. Both flagstatfs were struck, but were 
not entirely shot awaj'^, and the ensign remained flying throughout. 

In making this minute detailed report of the damaging effects of 
shot upon this vessel, I have been influenced by a wish to point out 
wherein weak points are practically shown to exist; and I will add that 
this experience has proved in my mind be3'Ond a doubt that to those 
above enumerated ma}- be added all hatch plates, anchor well, and pro- 
peller-well plates, and the tops of the turret and pilot house as entirely 
inadequate to defend the places they cover from being entirely pene- 
trated, and in the propeller well, wherein the propeller would probably 
be injured, and tne pilot house, wherein is contained the wheel for 
steering, and where exists the only lookout for the guidance of the 
vessel, and the top of the turret, from which the iron would be driven 
in upon the heads of those fighting the guns below, the effect necessa- 
rily would be damaging. 

During the action we fired 4 XV-inch shells, 3i, 7, and 10 second 
fuze, 3 AV-inch cored shot, 4 Xl-inch shells, 10-second fuze, and 4 
Xl-inch solid shot. 




steering gear in working order in 



SOUTH ATLAKTIO BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



2S 



The bearing of men and officers was most admirable. The guns were 
fought coolly by Acting Ensign Clark in command of division, and all 
the duties performed prompTy and quietly in the tun-et under the 
general supervision of Lieutenant-Commander Harmony. Of the men 
struck by flying bolts, not one left his station at the gun voluntarily, 
and only one at all, and he remained until he fell senseless and was 
carried below. Mr. I. Sofield, the pilot, performed hia duties coolly 
and satisfactorily until he fell senseless while in the act of seizing the 
spokes of the wheel just dropped by the quartermaster (Cobb), though 
struck in the head by a bolt at the same time, but falling almost simul- 
taneously with him from the effect of another blow. 

In conclusion, I have to state that it was not until the following day, 
at 5 p. m., that the turret was cleared sufficiently to be turned, although 
a corps of workmen, brought out from New York, and under skillful 
supervision, were present, and commenced work upon the damages 
early the following morning. 

I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

John Downes, 

Carnynander, 

Rear- Admiral S. F. Du Pont, 

Cfmimanding South Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 



Seport of Commander Rhind, XT. 8. Kavy, commanding XT. 8. 8. Keokuk. 

U. S. Flagship New Ironsides, 
Off Cumm ing's Point, S. April S, 1863. 

Sir: I have the honor to report that I got the Keokuk underwa}^ at 
12: 30 p. m. yesterday in obedience to the signal from the flagship and 
took a position in the line prescribed in your order of advance and 
attack. At 3:20, the flagship having made signal to disregard her 
motions, I ran the Keokuk ahead of my leading vessel to avoid getting 
foul in the narrow channel and strong tideway. 1 was forced, m con- 
sequence, to take a position slightly in advance of the leading vessel 
of the line, and brought my vessel under a concentrated heavy fire 
from Forts Moultrie and Sumter at a distance of about 550 3"ards from 
the former. The position taken by the Keokuk was maintained for 
about thirty minutes, during which period she was struck ninety times 
in the hull and turrets. Nineteen shots pierced her through at and 
just below the water line. The turrets were pierced in many places, 
one of the forward port shutters shot away; m short, the vessel was 
completely riddled. 

Finding it impossible to keep her afloat many minutes more under 
such an extraordinary fire, during which riflecl projectiles of every 
species and the largest caliber, as also hot shot, were poured into us, 
1 reluctantly withdrew from action at 4: 10 p. m. with tlie gun carriage 
of the forward turret disabled and so many of the crew of the after 
gun wounded as to prevent a possibility of remaining under fire. 1 
succeeded in getting the Keokuk to an anchor out of range of fire and 
kept her afloat during the night in the smooth water, though the water 
was pouring into her in many places. At daylight this morning it 
became so rough that I saw the vessel must soon go down. Assistjince 
being sent me, 1 endeavored to get the vessel round and tow up, and 
in that effort, at about 7:30 a. m., she went down rapidly^ vwcvdwsyw 



24 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



lies completely submerged to the top of her smokestack. The officers 
and crew were all saved, the wounded having been put on board a tue 
a few minutes before the Keokuk went down. Owing to the loss <3 
papers and the separation of officers and crew, I am unable to furnish 
an official medical report, but give as nearly as possible the casualties 
in the action of yesterday. 

Very respectfulh% your obedient servant, 

A. C. Rhind, 

Com7/iunder. 

Rear- Admiral S. F. Du Pont, 

Commanding South Atlantic Blockading Squadron. 



Abstract log of the XT. 8. 8. Keokuk, and additional notes by Commander Sbind, IT. 8. Va^y, 

commanding. 

Sunday^ April J, 1863. — At 7 a. m. the fleet weighed anchor at North 
Edisto. At about 2 o'clock all came to, off Charleston Bar, with the 
exception of the Keokuk^ which vessel proceeded at low water (about 
2:30) to buoy out the channel. The work was successfully accom- 
plished before sunset and at dusk the Patapsco and Catskiu entered 
and anchored for the night near the inner buoy in the main Ship Channe]. 

Monday^ April 6*. — Wind S. W., weather hazy. At 6 a. m. Keokuk 
went in and anchored near the other vessels inside, followed at about 
9 by the other ironclads and the Ironmd^s^ being in 18 feet of water. 
All anchored in line near and above the buoys to await the tide and 
clearing of the weather. As it remained very thick and hazy during 
the day the advance was postponed. 

Txie^day^ April 7. — Windmodcmte, northward and eastward; weather 
fine. Enemy occupied in transporting guns down Morris Island beach, 
having observed our troons signaling from north point of Folly Island. 
At 12:30 the fleet got underway by signal from nagship, formed line, 
but were delayed for al)Out an hour and a half by the anchor of the 
WeeJiawkm (the leading vessel) getting foul of her raft ahead. At 
about 3 o'clock started ahead in fine as prescribed. At 3: 30 the flag- 
ship made signal to disregard her motioHS. The vessels of the fleet 
then took such positions as the situation permitted, the forts and bat- 
teries having opened on the leading vessels as they came into easy 
range. The Keokuk passed abreast of the other vessels to avoid fouling 
and consequent disaster and occupied for about thirty minutes a posi- 
tion at from 500 to 000 yards from the S. E. face of l^ori Sumter, just 
below the line of obstructions. During this jx^riod the movements of 
the other vessels could not be observed f I'om the Keokuk. So heavy 
and continuous was the tire upon her that she was struck ninety times 
in the hull and turrets, most of the shot piercing her — nineteen at and 
near the water line. The vessel being in a sinking condition, her head 
was turned down the channel and she passed out of the line and came 
abreast the InmKidvH and was ordered t^ anchor out of range. During 
the niffht stopped leaks as well as possible. 

Wednesday^ AnrilS. — At daylight wind freshened from northward 
and eastward ana sea became roiagh. The stoppage of the leaks during 
the night proved altogether ineffectual when the sea got up. So large 
and ragged were the apertures that it was impossible to keep anything 
our means supplied in the holes. Signal was made for assistance. On 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



25 



the arrival of the tug Dandelion the anchor was weighed and an ineffec- 
tual effort made to tow her stern around to the swell, the fractures in the 
bow being much the larger, two on the starboard and one on the port 
bow being very large. In towing around she began to till forward and 
settled down so that the water did not find the way aft. In a few min- 
utes she went down, the tug having been hauled alongside just in time 
to save the crew. The Iro7x»ideii remained at anchor ofl* the [Overall] 
beacons. The others anchored above and below her, the Namnt near 
the bar buoy. The Patapsco was dispatched to Port Royal at 12:30. 
At 11 left in the Flambeau for Hampton Roads with dispatches, arriv- 
ing at Newport News and communicating with the flagship at 10 a. m., 
11th. At 12 started for Washington. 

The NahanCs turret was damaged so that it would not turn, her pilot 
house damaged, and man at wheel injured fatally. The Nantucket had 
her XV-inch port jammed and deck broken. The Cat^kill^ heavy blow 
on deck, smashing woodwork. The Patap8cd*8 rifled gun became 
dera ng ed at fourm fire. The Passaic^s pilot house badly damaged. 
The Weekawken and Montauk^ though well hammered, were not dam- 
aged, I think. 



Report of Commodore Turner, XT. 8. Navy, commaiidixig U. 8. 8. New Iroxuides. 

U. S. S. New Ironsides, 
Off Charle8Um, S. 61, April 10, 1863. 

Admiral: Your presence on board of this ship during the severe 
engagement of the 7th of April against the Forts Sumter, Moultrie, 
Beauregard, Cumming's Point, and the adjacent batteries, which con- 
centrated their fire on your advancing fleet, relieves me from repre- 
senting many details which your absence under like circumstances 
would nave made incumbent. 

You will, however, have observed how correct mj' representatijn 
was that this ship could not be depended upon in a tideway and how 
unmanageable she became, compelling the pilot to order the anchor to 
be let go twice in order to avoid grounding, which would have involved 
the loss of the ship. 

The unavoidable delay in commencing action was a severe test to 
my oflScers and crew, as they were all the time under a heavy fire of 
shell and shot, the effects of some of which you have personally 
examined. 

The steadiness and discipline under an ordeal of this kind without 
the relief of active engagement in battle, 1 need not state to 3^ou, was 
a vei'y gratifying spectacle to myself, though what I had expected 
from my officers and men. 

The iron turret of this ship being too small to contain more than 
yourself, the fleet captain, ana the pilot, who were controlling the 
movements of this ship and the fleet, 1 took up my position at the 
batteries, commanding them in person, where there was, with port 
shutters down and gratings on, scarce light enough to discern the face 
of the nearest person to me. 

I obtained the soundings as best I could from time to time by tricing 
up a port shutter and heaving the lead from the sill of the port, and 
I found the ship frequently within a foot of the bottom. 

I attributed to the extraordinary skill of the pilot (Acting Master 
Godfrey) the fact that she was kept clear of it. 



26 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING 8QUADB0N. 



Forcing her way up the channel, she received the fire of the enemy 
generally obliquely, excepting only when she fell off one wav or the 
other. One of these shots striking the forward facing of her port 
shutter, carried it away instantly. 

My impression is, had you been able to get this ship into close posi- 
tion, where her broadside would have been brought to bear, that not 
one port shutter could have been left under the fare of such enormous 
projectiles as were thrown from the enemy's works, . multiplied on 
every side of us. 

The damage done to this ship, with the exception of the loss of a 
port shutter, is not material. The woodwork at both ends where 
struck will be repaired at once. 

You are aware that I barricaded every vulnerable point of her with 
barriers of sand bags, requiring as many as 6,000, and that her spar 
deck was covered with a layer of sand bags over a spread of green 
hides. It was to these precautions I am mainly indebted for not 
receiving greater iniurv, although it must be remembered (from 
reasons already stated) tnat you were unable to get the ship nearer 
than (as was supposed) about 1,000 yards, for at that point several of 
the monitors were ahead and brought up by the barriers and were 
crowding upon us all around. 

So dense was the smoke in the channel that I could with difficulty 
at times see beyond 50 yards from the ship, and experienced great 
embarrassment in training my guns, even wnen she fell off so that I 
could use them. 

I have briefly expressed in a foregoing passage my admiration of the 
deportment of my officers and men under these trying circumstances. 
1 realized all I expected from them, but I should mil short of my 
duty, sir, if I omitted to present to your especial notice the first lieu- 
tenant of this ship, Lieutenant-Commander George E. Belknap. It 
was not in the hour of battle only that great demands were made upon 
him. There was a constant pressure upon the high qualities which dis- 
tinguished him as an efficient officer to meet exigencies which, through 
a week of toil and labor, he had to provide for. He was equal to his 
work, gave me a perfect support at all times, and I desire here and 
through you to (iommend him to the favorable consideration of the 
Government as an officer of the highest merit. 
Very respectfullv, vour obedient servant, 

T. Turner, 
Coiiinwdore. 

Hear- Admiral S. F. Du Pont, 

Coinmandlug South Atluntic Blockading Squadnm, 



Abstract log of the XT. 8. 8. New Iroxuides, Commodore Turner, XT. 8. Kavy, commanding. 

April 7, 1863. — At 4:45 steamed down the main Ship Channel out 
of range of the enemy. During the action received about fifty shots 
above and between the water line in her armor, none of which pene- 
tmted her. Also one shot through her smokestack and two in the rail. 
Also received two in hull, forward of armor, which did not penetrate. 

April 8. — At 7:80 a. m. the Keokuk made signal of distress; sent 
tug Dandelion to her assistance. At 8:20 the Keokuk sunk in 17 feet 
water, distant from us one-fourth mile. Received her crew on board. 
Rebels engaged building batteries on Morris Island. 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOOKADINO SQUADBOK. 



27 



AlMtraet of expenditure of ammunitioii, etc., during engagement. 

April 14, 1863. 




pcr-ltieh.No, 
XMnch, No, 
XE4neh,Na 
XMiich,Ko. 
XStnch,No. 
Xlfntli, No. 
XI-inch,No. 
150-|Mir., No. 

^ boards 

/XV-inch.... 



1^ port. 

port. 
-I, IKjrt . 

6, (tort. 

7, port. 

8, port, 
2, St- 




M4tUiy til AM«id 



No. of 



Kimiber of 



*10 



Length of 



5-«econd. 



lO^eooQd, 



.>**.do 

do,.-. 

SctienUe 

ID ntiO 15 
.._.do.... 



-do.. 



6 Si-RO<;- 
Olid, 1 

^ oiid.:i5^ 
iooond, 
amdt 10- 

I leoond. 



ChAiivA of 



2()poiiOjdir . 

do . 
do. 
do, 
do. 
.do. 
.do. 



Fo«i UoQltfle. 
Do. 

Do. 
Do, 



S5 pol 

Hlls! Uil.v 

36pciiindA„, 

2 aKpotmd 
and 2 IB- 
pound. 

HSponndv... 

Ifipoonda... 

S^poiiodi. 

— 



S^poonds.. 



Ifipoonds.. ' FortWagnec. 



Fort eumtcr. 

Do. 



I XV'inch uid 1 
^-InchAtlllltll- 
tiio; reit«tilim- 

ter. 
Fort Sumter, 
Da 



Do. 
Bo. 

V Sumter. 3 Wig- 

I T-^cood XV- 
locb abell And 1 
K) - second XI- 
Inoh fihdl fit 



15| 
Sfipomtda., 
ISpoundi., 



4 iChpound 
nod 4 Ifi- 
pound. 



* Cored shot. 

Number of vessels, 9; number of guns, 23; number of fires, 139; 
number of shells, 96; number of solid shot, 30; number of cored shot, 13. 
Respectfully submitted. 

A. S. Mackenzie, 
Lieut, a/nd Ordnance Officer^ South Atlantic Blockdy, Squadron. 

Rear- Admiral S. F. Du Pont, 

Commumding South Atlantic Blockading Squadron. 



Hotet from papers of Rear-Admiral Dn Pont, U. 8. Navy, on the attack on Fort Sumter. 

April 6, 1863. 

At 7 a. m. went on New Ironsides. 
At 7: 10 a. m. underway. 
At 7: 50 a. m. crossed bar. 

At 8:40 a. m. anchored inside the bar. All the ironclads by 9 
o'clock were at anchor inside the bar. 
At 1 p. m. fleet underway. 

At 2 p. m. anchored in order, line ahead, the weathex 
hazy to proceed to ihe sLttsLck. 



28 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



Tuesday, April 7, 1863. 
At 12 m. made preparatory signal to get underway. 
At 12: 10 p. ni. .signal to get underway. 
At 12: 50 p. m. Weehawlin made signal ''Foul anchor." 
At 1: 15 p. m. Weehawkm signaled ''All clear." 
At 1 : 45 p. m. New honi^ld'eit undei^wav. 

At 2: 10 p. m. Weehawh^ii signaled ''Obstructions in my vicinity." 
At 2: 15 p. ni. flagship signaled "Slow down." 
At 2:40 p. m. flagship signaled " I have stopped." 
At 3: 05 p. m. Forts Sumter and Moultrie began firing. 
At 3: 15 p. m. signaled to Weehawhen to ))egin action. 
At 8: 25 p. m. general signal to disregard motions of commander in 
chief. 

At 3:30 p. m. anchored in 3 fathoms, and immediately hove up 
again; port shutter of No. 5 gun shot away. 

At 4:05 p. m. signaled to ironclads to give flagship more room; 
immediately after CatHl'iU and JVanfwkct collided with us. 

At 4: 20 p. m. fired a broadside at Moultrie. 

At 4: 25 p. m. made signal to follow motions of commander in chief. 

At 4: 30 p. m. signaled to withdraw from action. 

At 4: 35 p. m. ironclads came to anchor in 17 feet water. 

At 5 p. m. hove up and fell back to near the old anchorage. 



Order of the Secretary of the Navy to Bear-Admiral Gregory, U. 8. Navy, for a board of 
survey on the U. 8. 8. PaBsaic. 

Navy Department, May '21, 1863. 

Sir: You will request the following gentlemen, viz, C. W. Cope- 
land, George W. Quintard, M. F. Merritt, and J. J. Comstock, to 
constitute a board for the examination of the U. S. ironclad steamer 
Passaic whilst she is on the ways, and report in writing the full 
extent of the damage done to tlmt vessel by tne fire of the batteries in 
the harbor of Charleston; also whether she has been strained or 
injured in any part by the gales she has encountered, or from any 
cause whatsoever. 

Captain S. C. Rowan has been directed to report to you as a mem- 
ber of the board. 

Very respectfully, 

Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of the Navy. 
Rear-Admiral F. H. Greoory, U. S. Navy, 

New York, 



Report of Bear-Admiral Gregory, U. 8. Navy, transmitting report of board of Biirvey on 

the n. 8. 8. PasBaic. 

New York, June 2, 1863. 
Sir: I have now the honor to tmnsmit the report called for by your 
order of the 21st ultimo of the condition in which the ironclad Passaic 
returned to this port. Every facility was given to the board of 
examiners and their researches were veiT thoroughly made, and I 
have not been able to find any fact omittea. Great care is now being 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



29 



taken to fit that vessel perfectly, under the care of Captain Worden. 
The work is progressing as rapidly as possible, and it is expected she 
will be taken off the ways in a week. 

I have the honor to be, very respectfully, 3^our most obedient servant, 

F. 11. Gregory, 
Rear- Admiral^ SupeHntendent. 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of the Navy^ Washingtmi^ D. C. 

[Eiiclomire.] 

New York, June 2, 1863. 
Dear Sir: In compliance with a request contained in the copy of a 
communication [from] the Navy Department, dated May 21, to examine 
the U. S. ironclad steamer Passaic whilst she is on the ways and report 
in writing the full damage done to that vessel by the fire of the nat- 
ter ies in the harbor of Charleston; also whether she has been strained 
or injured in any part by the gales she has encountered, or from any 
cause whatever, we have made the examination as requested and beg 
leave to report: 

First. In regard to the damage by the fire of the batteries, but four 
shots have damaged any part of the structure to an extent to be worthy 
of particular description. The first, marked ''A" on the accompany- 
ing diagrams,* struck the upper edge of the turret, glancing upward 
and striking the pilot house as shown. The second, marked "B," 
struck near the lower ed^e of the turret, broke the loose outside ring 
on the deck, and indentmg the turret so as to break the lugs off the 
inside composition ring. The third, marked " C," indented the turret 
about li inches, cracking slightly the inside plate. The fourth, 
marked *'D," struck the armor on the port side about 47 feet 8 inches 
from the bow and 9i inches below the deck, starting or bending the 
three outer plates, breaking or starting one-third of the fastening 
bolts, leaving the remainder undisturbed and all the plates in position. 

As to the effects of these shots, the first raised the pilot house one- 
half inch and started it over on one side, breaking two bolts in the 
pilot house, but did not in any manner affect the working of the turret 
or the operations of the vessel. 

The second shot, marked B," by the damage already mentioned, 
checked the operation of the turret until the lug3 of the composition 
rings which got jammed under the edge of the turret were removed, 
after which the turret could be operated as usual. The third shot, 
marked '*C," apparently a X-inch shot, so started or disturbed the 
turret as to damage the slides of the Xl-inch gun, rendering it for 
the time unserviceable by forcing the rails hard against the guide 
pieces on the carriage. The fourth shot did not affect the efficiency 
of the armor, as, though a portion of bolts were broken, the whole of 
the plates still remained in their proper position. 

Tne only damage affecting the fighting efficiency of the vessel was 
that by the third shot disabling the working of the Xl-inch gun and 
the breaking of the lug alluded to, and we would take the liberty of 
suggesting 3iat this form of injur^^ may hereafter be guarded [against] 
by fastening a very heavy iron rmg or band around the base of the 
turret to prevent it« distortion, and leaving sufficient freedom between 
the rails of the carriage and the turret so that any slight distortion of 
the turret will not affect the gun carriages. 



*Not found. 



30 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADBON. 



There were some seven or eight shots received upon the deck, 
though but three of them produced effect so serious as to require 
repairs, and these repairs had been made before her return to this 
port. All the shots received upon the turret are shown in diaCTam 
rio. 1,* which represents the whole exterior circumference or the 
turret laid down as a plane. The indentations by the shots varied 
from one-fourth to li mches in depth, none, however, damaging the 
turret further than described. 

Upon the pilot house three other shots than that already described 
struck, making indentations from one-half inch to seventh-eighths inch 
depth, but doing no further damage. 

Upon the armor of the vessel, besides the shots already described, 
there were marks of twelve other shots, making indentations varying 
from one-half inch to 2i inches in depth, but inflicting no other serious 
damage. 

The accompanying diagrams show the effects of the four worst shots 
already mentioned, and tne diagmm No. 1 shows all the shots received 
by the turret. No. 1 shows the effects of shot '*A" upon the turret 
and pilot house and No. 3 shows the effects of shot "D" upon the 
armor as already described. 

On the whole, we arc of the opinion that the only damage done by 
the batteries affecting the fighting efficiencies of the vessel was by the 
shot upon the turret, which disabled the Xl-inch gun by deranging the 
gun slides. 

The ship, so far as the board could discover, is not strained or injured 
by the gales she has encountered; there has been a serious leak about 
the bow, which the board find difficulty in accounting for; it is pixjb- 
able that in dropping into the sea the water got under the deck plates 
around the top of the anchor well; this can be guarded against here- 
after by a slignt alteration in the construction. There is also evidence 
of some slignt leaks in some of the rivets, which can be easily 
remedied. 

All of which is respectfully submitted by 
Your obedient servants, 

S. C. Rowan, 

Captair}., U. S. Nam/. 

ChAS. W . COPELAND. 

Geo. W. Quintard. 
M. F. Merritt. 
Jos. J. Comstock. 

Admiral F. H. (jREaoiiY, U. S. Navy, 

Nexo York, 

Respectfully submitted. 

F. H. Gregory, 

Rear- Admiral^ Superintendent. 



Letter ftrom Rear-Admiral Du Pontf U. 8. Navy, to Major-Oeneral Hunter, U. 8. Army, 
regarding injuries to monitors engaged in the attack. 

Ironsides, April 8, 186S. 
My Dear General: I attempted to take the bull bv the horns, but 
he was too much for us. These monitors are miserable failures where 

* Diagram not found. 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



31 



forts are concerned; the longest was one hour and the others forty-five 
minutes under fire, and five of the eight were wholly or partially dis- 
abled. 

I write this to say that the Flambeau will leave this morning, or as 
soon as you may be ready, for Fortress Monroe. She has very small 
accommodations, but if yo\x desire to send a st&lf officer home, I will 
direct Captain Upshur to give him a passage. 

I have sent the Patapsco to help take care of Port Royal. 
I am, general, yours, most truly, 

S. F. Du Pont. 

Major-General Hunter. ^ 

Letter ftrom Rear-Admiral Du Pont, U. 8. Havy, to Major-Oeneral Hunter, U. 8. Army, 
announcing the withdrawal from the attack. 

Flagship New Ironsides, 
Inside Charleston Bar, S. C, April 8, 1863. 
General: The ironclads weighed anchor yesterday at noon to go for- 
ward to attack Fort Sumter, but were delayed for nearly two hours bv 
the accident which fouled the anchor and raft of the leading vessel, 
the Weehawken. 

The Iroiisides became unmanageable in the narrow channel and occa- 
sioned further delay under fire, so that, finding that I should not reach 
the obstructions before 5 o'clock, I ordered the vessels withdrawn from 
action with the intention of renewing it this morning. 

During the night I have received the statements of the command- 
ing officers, and find the ships so much damaged during their short 
engagement as to force me to the conviction that they can not endure 
the fire to which they would be exposed long enough to destroy Fort 
Sumter or reach Charleston. 

I am now satisfied that that place can not be taken by a purely naval 
attack, and I am admonished by the condition of these vessels that a 

|>ersistence in our efforts would end in disaster and might cause us to 
cave some of our'ironclads in the hands of the enemy, which would 
render it difficult for us to hold those parts of the coast which are now 
in our possession. I have therefore aetermined to withdraw my ves- 
sels, and have written to the Navy Department to that effect. 
Respectfully, etc., 

S. F. Du Pont, 

Rear- Admiral* 

Major-General D. Hunter, 

Cominanding Department of the SoiUh. 



Letter from Migor-Oeneral Hunter, U. 8. Army, to Rear-Admiral Dn Pont, U. 8. Navy, 
expreeeing gratitude for the safety of the latter. 

Headquarters Department ot the South, 

U. S. Transport Ben De Fm^d, April 8, 1863. 
Admiral: Not knowing yet what have been the results of your 
attack of yesterday, so far as Fort Sumter is concerned, I can not but 
congi-atulate you on the magnificent manner in which the vessels 
under your command have fought. 

A mere spectator, I could do nothing but pray for you, which, 
believe me, 1 did most heartily; for you and for all tho^ \s\^x!l 
under your command^ who nailed so cahnly and f earYess\y to^^mxArXv 
' A- w S—VOL 14 3 



32 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



and through a concentric fire which has never heretofore had a parallel 
in the history of warfare. 

That you are uninjured, and so many vessels of 3'our command still fit 
for service, is a cause of deep gratitude to Almighty God. I confess 
when the Weehawkm first ran under Sumter's guns, receiving the 
casemate and barbette broadsides from that work, simultaneously with 
the similar broadsides from Fort Moultrie and all the other works 
within range, I fairly held my breath until the smoke had cleared 
awa3% not expecting to see a vestige of the little vessel which had pro- 
voked such an attack. With each of the others the same scene was 
reenacted, my interest in the fate of the Iromides being perhaps the 
keenest from my knowledge of her comparative vulnerability, and of 
the deep loss the country would sustain if anything were to happen 
to you. 

Thank God for the results, so far as they go, and may He have you 
in His keeping through whatever chances are yet before you. No 
country can ever fail that has men capable of facing what your iron- 
clads had yesterday to endure. God bless you and keep you safe, 
admiral, and believe me, with the highest esteem, 

Ever your true friend and servant, D. Hunter, 

Majoi'- GcntraL 

Admiral S. F. Du Pont^ 

Flagship Neio Iromides^ off Fort Sumter. 

I sincerely trust Captain Kodgers is also unhamied. 

Sincerely, D. Hunter. 



Letter of acknowledgrment from Rear-Admiral Du Pont, U. S. Navy, to Major-Qeneral 

Hunter, U. 8. Army. 

Fla6siiip New Ironsides, 
Lisid^ Cluirleston Bar, S, T., April <9, 186:S. 
General: I am this moment in receipt of your most gratifying let- 
ter of this date. 

I did not, however, require it to satisfy me of your deep sympathy in 
our operations of yesterday, intensified by the fact that circumstances 
l>eyond your control prevented that which of all things you would 
most have desired, an immediate and active cooperation. 

I shall have 3'our letter re^id on every ironclad on this fleet, so that 
every officer and man under my command may know what has long 
been familiar to me, the heartfelt s^'mpathy of the commanding gen- 
eral and of the army of the Department of the South. 

With the highest respect, I am, general, vour most obedient servant, 

S. F. Du Pont, 

[JRear- Admiral,] 

Major-General D. Hunter, 

Comviandhxj Dtparivimt of the South. 



Letter from Major-Qeneral Hunter, U. 8. Army, to the Preiident of the United States. 

Headquarters Department of the South, 
Hilton llend, IWt Itmjal, S. C, May 22, 18GS. 
Dear Sir: It is more than six weeks since the attack l>v the iron- 
chids upon Charleston; an attack in which, from the nature of the 
phms of Admiral Du Pont, the Army had no active part. 



tfTH ATLANTIC BLOGKADIPTG SQUADROK, 



On the d!iy<*f Hutt atbu^k, the troops under my cotumand held Folly 
li^land up to Lij^ht-Ilouse Inlet, On the morning after the attack we 
were in eonipli^te readiiicas to cros^ Llght-IIousc lidct to Morri.s Inland, 
where, onec established, the fall of Sumter would have been a,^ certiiin 
iiH the denifmsti-ation of a problem in mathematics. Aideil by a cross 
tire from the navy, theenein^* would soon have been driven from Cum- 
niing't* Point, jtnd with powerful Ijattories of UK) and 2(*0 pounder 
rifle guns placed there, Fort Sumter would have l>een rendered unten- 
able in two days- tire* Fort Pulaski was breached and taken from 
Goat's Point, on Tyl>ee Island (a precisely similar proposition), with 
32'pounder Parrott gmm, 42-pounder Jame?? guns, anfl a few X-inch 
colunibiads, tlie Xlll-inch mortars used in that tombardment having 
proved utterly valuolcMs, 

I mention these thin^^s to show how certain would have been the fall 
of Fort Sumter under the fire of the 1(K) and 200 pounders, rifled^ now 
at my connnand. 

On the afternoon after the ironclad attack on Fort Sumter the troops 
on Folly Island were not otdy ready to cross Light- 1 louse Inlet, but 
were almost in the act, the tinal I'econiioissance havinfi- been made, the 
lioatn ready*, and the nien under arms for crossing, when they w^ere 
recalled (as I ho[H?d oidv teini>orarily) by the announcement of Admi- 
ral Du Pont that he haci resolved to retire, and that consemiently we 
eoidd expect no assistance from the nav^'* Immediately tne a<^lniiral 
was waited npon l)y an oificer of my staff, who represented the for- 
wardness of our preimnitions for crossing, the evidently unprepared 
condition of the enemy to receive us or drive us back if once our 
crossing was effected, while any delay, now that our intentions were 
remarked^ would give the enemy tinje to erect upon the southern end 
of Morris Island, conunanding* Light^House Inlet, those works and 
batteries which ho had heretofore neglected. To these considemtionSj 
earnestly and elaborately urged, the admiraFs answer was that '^he 
would not lire another sKot/' 

A lodgment on Morris Island was thus made impossible for us^ the 
enemy having powerful works on the island, more especially at the 
northern end, out of which we could not hojje to drive him unless aided 
by a cross tire from the navy* I tlierefore determined to hold what 
we had got until the admiral shonld have had time to repair his vessels, 
and to this hour we hold every inch of ground on Folly and Cole's and 
Seabrook's islands that we held on the day of the expected crossing. 
Since then I have exercised patience with tlae admiral and have pushed 
forward my works and batteries on Folly Island with unremitting dili- 
gence: the enemy meanwhile^ now thoroughly aronsed to their danger, 
throwing up works that completely command Light-House Inlet, on 
the soutTiern end of Morris Island; so that the crossing which could 
have Iweii effectt^d in a couple of hours, and with but little sacrifice, 
six weeks ago, will now involve, whenever attempted, protracted oper- 
ations and a very serious loss of life. And to what end should this 
saeritice be made without the cooperation of the navy I Even when 
established on the southern end of Morris Island, the northern endj 
with its pt>\verful works and (commanded by the tire of Forts Sumter 
and Johnson, would still remain to be possessed. The sacrifice w^ou id 
be of no avail without the ai<l of the navy, and I have been painfully 
hut tinidly convinred thsit from the navy no such aid is to be expected. 

1 fear Aihuiral I>u Pont distrusts the ironclads so much il\«kl\\^\s&s^ 



34 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADBON. 



resolved to do nothing with them this summer, and I therefore most 
earnestly beg you to liberate mo from these orders to cooperate with 
the nav^','* wnich now tie me down to share the admii-al's inactivity. 
Remaining in our present situation we do not even detain one soldier 
of the enemy from service elsewhere. 1 am well satisfied that they 
have already sent away from Charleston and Savannah all the troops 
not absolutely needed to garrison the defenses, and these will have to 
remain in the works whetner an enemy be in sight or not. Liberate 
me from this order to cooperate with the navy in an attac^k on 
Charleston" and I will immeaiateh^ place a column of 10,000 of the 
best drilled soldiers in the country (as uncjucstionabl}'^ are the troops 
of this department) in the heart of Georgia, our landing and march 
being made through coimties in which, as shown by the censas, the 
slave population is 75 per cent of the inhabitant4j. riothing is truer, 
sir, than that this rebellion ha,s left the Southern States a mere hollow 
shell. If we avoid their few strongholds, where they have prepared 
for and invited us to battle, we shall meet no opposition in a total 
devastation of their resources, thus compelling them to break up their 
large armies and garrisons at a few points into scores of small frac- 
tions of armies for the protection or every threatened or assailable 

1)oint. I will guarantee, with the troops now fruitlessly, though 
aboriously occupying Folly and Seabrook's islands, and such other 
troops as can be spared from the remaining posta of this department, 
to penetrate into Georgia, produce a practical dissolution of the slave 
trade there, destroy all railroad communication along the eastern por- 
tion of the State, and lay waste all stores which can possibly be used 
for the sustenance of the rebellion. 

My troops are in splendid health and discipline, and, in my judg- 
ment, are more thoroughly in sympathy with the policy of the Gov- 
ernment than anv other equal lx)dy of men in the service of the United 
States to-day. With the exception of one brh^adier-general and one 
colonel commanding a brigade, there is not an officer of any consequence 
in the command who is not heart and soul in favor of prosecuting this 
war by any and every means likely to ensure success. 

Only once liberate me from enforced waiting on the action of those 
who, 1 fear, are not likely to do anything, and 1 promise you that I 
will give full employment to twice or thrice my number of the enemy, 
and that while Rosecmns threatens Bragg in front I will interrupt 
his communications, threaten his rear, and spread a panic through the 
country. 

In tliis connection I would ask, if possible, for a regiment of cavalry, 
and that the brigade sent by me to the relief of Major-General Foster 
ma\' be ordered back from North Carolina. If no cavalry can be spared 
me, that 500 horses and 1,000 saddles and equipments may be sent to 
me immediately. Also that the pikes drawn for bv my chief of ord- 
nance may l)e supplied immediately, the weapons l)eing the simi)lest 
and most effective that can be placed in the hands of the slaves who are 
liberated in our march into the interior. 

In conclusion, I would again call your attention to ni}'^ request to 
be endowed with the same powers entrusted to Adjutant-General 
Thomas for raising colored regiments and giving commissions to their 
officers. I think this of the utmost importance, as each commission 
promptly given to a deserving noncommissioned officer or private has 
the effect of conciliating the sentiment of the regiment from which the 
appointee is taken, and it is of the utmost importance tJiiat the experi- 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



35 



ment of colored soldiers should have the hearty acquiescence of the 
troops with whom they are to serve. 

I deem this matter of so much importance, and am so weary of 
inactivity, that I send this letter by special steamer to Fortress Monroe, 
and have instructed the captain of the vessel to wait for your reply. 

I have the honor to be, sir, very respectfully, your most obedient 
servant, 

D. Hunter, 

Major- Genera 1^ Commanding, 
His Excellency Abraham Lincoln, 

President of the United States. 

I send this letter b^ Captain Arthur M. Kinzie, one of my aids-de- 
camp, who will await vour answer and return immediately by the 
steamer which bears this to Fortress Monroe. 

D. Hunter, 

Major- General. 



Extract firom report of Captain Henry 8. Tafft, U. 8. 8ignial Corps. 

Office of Chief Signal Officer, 

Department of the South, 
IlUton Head, S. C, Apr^U U, 1863. 

Major: Admiral Du Pont sailed from Hilton Head on the morning 
of the 2d instant for Charleston Bar. Major-General Hunter and staff 
sailed the following morning; reached Edisto and anchored inside the 
bar, remaining until the 5th. Arrived off Stono Bar same evening 
and communicated with arm}^ fleet inside. Morning of the 6th moved 
up to Charleston Bar, where were lying at anchor the naval blockading 
fleet and the ironclads. 

Conununication was immediately opened between the headquarters 
of General Hunter, the flagship, and the sloop of war Canandaigua. 
During the preceding night the column of our forces under command 
of Colonel Howell arrived at the head of Folly Island. The signal 
oflScer with them opened comnmnication at once with the flagship, thus 
giving the first information to the commanding general by signals of 
our possession of the island. 

At 3 p. m., 7th instant, the attack upon Fort Sumter by the iron- 
clads was made, our fleet remaining in action about two and a half 
hours under the most terrific fire. Immediately after the conclusion 
of the attack the admiral reported by signals to General Hunter the 
result of the engagement, as follows: 

General Hunter: Delayed in getting underway by accident, orders not reaching 
the leading ship. 

We attempted to pass into the inner channel, but were obliged to anchor to pre- 
vent going ashore. Engaged the forts, but found it too late to continue. Casualties 
few. One ironclad disabled; two partially so. 7ro7i«*(Z<;« very slightly; struck very 
often. Please inform senior naval oflBcers. 

Du Pont. 

The succeeding day General Hunter was informed by signals that 
the attack would be renewed as soon as the disabled ironclads were in 
order. We awaited such movements until the afternoon, when I 
received from Lieutenant Town a confidential dispatch to the e.S^^Q,t 
that no further engagement would take place for the pre^eivV. 



36 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



information I gave unoflScially to General Hunter, being, I suppose, 
the first notice he had received of such deteimination on the part of 
the admiral. In the afternoon General Hunter left the Befi De Ford 
and in a small boat went to Stono. 

Morning of the 9th the Ben De Ford also sailed for Stono with 
dispatches for the general. From this date to the 11th we remained 
outside Stono Bar, communication by signals being constantly kept up 
with the troops upon Folly Island and with the troops outside the 
Stono. 

On the 11th the general again came on board the Beti De Ford and 
sailed for Port Royal, followed by all the land forces with the excep- 
tion of one brigade left in possession of Folly Island and one brigaae 
at Edisto. Signal officers remained with these forces. A line is estab- 
lished from one end of Folly Island to the other at Edisto between the 
gunboats and land forces. 
I have the honor to be, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

Henry S. Tafft, 
Captain and Chief Signal Officei\ Departm^it of the South, 

Major A. J. Myer, 

Signal 0Jfice7*y U, S. Amvy. 



Letter from Rear-Admiral Dn Pont, U. 8. Navy, to Captain Green, U. 8. Havj, regarding 

the U. S. 8. Wisiahickon. 

Fla(}Ship New Ironsides, 
Inmie CJuirlesfon Bar^ April 8^ 1863, 
Sir: I send the Wi^mhiclcon to Port Ro^^al for repairs, having on 
board the officers and men of the Keohuk^ which sank this morning. 
Respectfully, your obedient servant, 

S. F. Du Pont, 

Real'- Admiral^ Comdg. South Atlantic BlocTcading Squadrofi. 

Captain J. F. Green, 

U. S. S. Canandiiigua^ Senior Officer off the Bar, 



[Telopram.] 

Headquarters Army Potomac, 

Ajyril 8, 1863. 

I have Richmond papers of the Tth. They contain nothing of inter- 
est to us except a dispatch as follows: 

CnARLKSTON, April 5. 
Important movements are taking place here, but for military reasons no particu- 
lars can yet be telegraphed. 

An editorial in these words: 

On yesterday morning eight monitors and ironclads were off the bar at Charles- 
ton." This brief but significiint telegram which we receive<l earlv in the day tells of 
work. The stonn so long pn»|Mire<l for Charleston has burst at last. We await the 
issue with buoyant hoiK»s, but not without the solicitude due so important a struggle. 
May heaven shield Charleston from all the rage of her enemies and ours. 

A. Lincoln. 

Hon. Secretary of Navy. 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCK ADING SQUADRON. 37 
[Telegram.] 

Headquarters Army Potomac, 

A2)ril .9, 1863. 

Richmond Whig of the 8th has no telegraphic dispatches from 
Charleston, but has the following as editorial: 

All thoughta are now centered upon Charleston. Official intelligence was made 
public early yesterday morning that the enemy's m)nclad fleet had attempted to 
croes the bar and failed, but later in the day it was announced that the gunboats and 
transports ha^l succeedeil in crossing and were at anchor. Our ironclads lay between 
the forts, quietlv awaiting the attack. Further intelligence is lookeil for with eager 
anxiety. The Yankees have made no secret of this vast preparation for an attack on 
Charleston, and we may well anticipate a desperate conflict. At last the hour of 
trial has come for Charleston. The hour of ffeliverance or destruction, for no one 
believes the other alternative, surrender, possible. The heart of the whole country 
yearns toward the beleaguered city with mtense solicitude, yet with hopes amount- 
ing to confidence. Charleston knows what is expected of her and what is due to her 
fame and to the relation she sustains to the cause. The devoted, the heroic, the 
great-hearted Beauregard is there, and he, too, knows what is expected of him, and 
will not disappoint that expectation. We predict a Saragossa defense, and that if 
Charleston is taken it will be only a heap of ruins. 

The rebel pickets are reported as calling over to our pickets to-day 
that we had taken some rebel fort. This is not very intelligible, and 
I think is entirely unreliable. 

A. Lincoln. 

Hon. Secretary of Navy. 



[Telegram.] 

Hfjvdquarters Army of the Potomac, 

April 10, 1863. 

I send you the following extract from the Richmond Whig of 
Apiil 10: 

Charleston, Aprils— 8 p. m. 

All quiet thus far to-day. The people and troops are in high spirits at the results 
of yesterday's fight. The A'>ol:^i^• is certainly sunk. The fighting was chiefly at a 
distance of 900 yards. The monitors can not pass Sumter without coming within 
400 yards. The impression is very general that the enemy will renew the attack after 
repairing damages. Seven monitors and the Irorisides are still off the harbor. 

10 o'clock p. m.: The latest official intelligence from the bar states that only two 
of the ironclads have gone south, leaving seven remaining besides the Keokuk, ys^hich 
lies sunk about 1,000 yards from Morris Island. The Yankee machine called the 
** Devil," designed for the removal of torpedoes, has floateti ashore and fallen into 
our hands. All (^uiet now. The enemy is constantly signaling, but no renewal of 
the attack is anticipated before to-morrow. The Yankees have been busy all day 
repairing damages. 

Second dispatch. 

Charleston, April 9 — a. m. 
All quiet this morning. The monitors are still in sight. Yesterday evening many 
nieces of the Keokuk^s furniture, with spyglasses, washed ashore on Morris Island 
r)each. Many of these articles were covered with clotted blood. The impression 
prevails at our batteries that the slaughter on board the Keokuk was terrible. 

We have the Richmond papers of 8th and 10th, but none of the 9th. 
The above extract would seem to confirm dispatch we took from the 
enemy's signal yesterday. 

Danl. Butterfield, 
Major- General^ Chief of Staff. 

G. V. Fox, 

Assistant Secretai^ Navy. 



38 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



[Telegram.! 

Navy Department, 
Washmgtan , D. C, April 10, 1863. 
I have your telegram of last evening and to-day. As to the sie^nals, 
it seems too important to give out to our people. A knowledge of 
the fact will cause a change. The Keohiik is not a monitor battery, 
and no doubt was injured so as to oblige them to beach her. Com- 
mencing the fight at 2 and withdrawing at 4 looks as though it was 
not the main attack. The real attack would be made in the morning, 
so as to have all the day for the work. The next affair will decide the 
matter and will be made after preparations found ne^ssary from the 
experience of the four hours' work of Tuesday. The reported trans- 
ports inside the bar are probably coal and ammunition vessels — are, 
m fact, his depot — and if the obstructions in the harbor render the 
reduction of Sumter necessan^ the admiral may have to go back to 
his base several times before finishing that work. 

G. V. Fox, 
Af^HiMant Secretary. 

Major-General Danl. Butterfield, 

Chief Stajf\ Headquarters. 



[Telegrram.] 

Navy Department, 
Washingt<^i, D. C, April 10, 1863. 
The sum of all the telegraphs via Richmond up to 9 a. m. yesterday 
at Charleston is this: Tuesday, at 2 p. m., the ironclads engaged Fort 
Sumter at 900 yards. At 4 p. m. they retired. The next day the 
Keokuk was observed ashore on Morris Island beach. Up to yesterday 
morning the ironclads were still inside the bar. I infer that the 
attack was for the purpose of obtaining full information, otherwise 
it would have been maae in the morning. They are now prejMiring 
for more serious work. Their depot of coal and ammunition inside 
the bar is a safe one even in bad weather. If there are obstructions 
to prevent passing Sumter they now know them and will reduce the 
fort. It is evident that they can attack it every day and at night 
retire to their anchorage inside of the bar. The damage upon Sumter 
can not be repaired. The only question is, Can the ironclaos stand the 
work} I believe the monitors can. The Keokuk was a small experi- 
mental vessel and was probably injured so that they beached her. I 
see no reason whatever to l)e in the least discouraged. On the con- 
trary, my faith in the vessels and the officers is strengthened by these 
rebel accounts. 

G. V. Fox. 

Hon. M. Blair, 

PoHtnuuHtrr- General, Astor House, New York. 

Send copy of this telegram to Captain Ericssclft, 93 Franklin street, 
New York. 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



89 



[Tele^m.] 

On Board Steamer Mary Sanford, 
Marehead City, K C\, April 10, 1863— a. m. 

(Received 9: 15 a. m., 12th, in cipher.) 
Passed through the fleet off Charleston Thursday, 9th instant, 10 
a. Clear and pleasant. The monitors were ranged along the beach 
off Cumraing's Point, all in good order. Boarded by one of the pilots 
of the expedition, who stated the Ironmdes and seven of the monitors 
attacked Fort Sumter on Tuesday, 7th, and passed some distance above 
the fort, receiving some 200 shot. A pointed shot of English manu- 
facture penetrated the ironclad Whitney batterv Keokuk, and she 
sunk in twelve hours after near the beach. The other ironclads 
passed through the shower of shot and shell uninjured or with trifling 
damage. 

The casualties reported were very few. Captain Rhind, of the 
Kef^kuk, slightly injured by a bolt. The quartermaster and six men 
on board the monitor Nantucket* killed. Arrangements were being 
made to blow up the Keokuk. 

As regards future movements the reports were conflicting. It was 
positively stated by one of the pilots of the fleet who boarded us that 
the monitors woula withdraw over the bar and further action for the 
pi*esent would be suspended. This was subsequently corrobomted by 
a reporter for a New York paper who spoke us. 

An oflScer from the Jam^s Adger, who previously boarded us, stated 
that the engagement would be renewed about 1 p. m., and added that 
the admiralexpressed his belief of success. 

The channel above the fort was obstructed. No torpedoes are 
reported to have been exploded. 

Left the fleet at noon. When about 25 miles north, heard heavy 
firing. 

The weather is exceedingly pleasant and the sea smooth. 

J. C. Hinchman. 

Major Thos. T. Eckert, 

Assistdnt Superintendent Military Telegraph. 



[Telegram.] 

New York, April 11, 1863. 
The reported loss of one of the rafts before Charleston is very 
serious. Had we not better send on one of those now ready here? 
The attachment of the cable under the raft had no doubt been omitted 
and the upper ones shot away. 

J. Ericsson. 

G. V. F9X, 

Assistant Secretary. 



* See report of casualties on the U. S. S. Nahant, p. 4. No casualties were reported 
from the Narduckd. 



40 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 

[Telegram.] 

Headquarters Army Potomac, April 11^ 1863. 

G. V. Fox: 

We have just got the papers of April 9. The following dispatch is 
taken from them. 

Danl. Butterfeeld, 

Major- OeneraJ. 

Telegraphic news — Ttie fight commenced at Charleston — The Yankee frigate Ironsides hit- 
Fort humter uninjured — The Yankee vessels withdrawn, 

CHARLEerroN, April 7. 

The attack commenced at 3 o'clock this afternoon. Four ironclads out of seven in 
the Yankee fleet were encaged; heavy firing took place from them, and from Forts 
Sumter and Moultrie, and Morris iHland. 

The Ironsides was hit and run ashore hut got off and was carried out of range. 

FurtJier jmrticulars. 

Charleston, April 7. 

At 2 oVlock this p. m. nine monitors and the frigate Ironsides crossed the bar and 
steamed in towanl Fort Sumter. 

At 8 o'clock they opened fire at a distance of 3,000 yards. Forts Sumter and 
Moultrie and the batteries at Sullivan's and Morris islands replied with spirit. At 
half past 2 o'clock the firing l)ecaine very rapid and almost incessant until 5, when it 
gradually diminisheil, and is now heard only at long inter\'als. Their fire waa con- 
centrated u{)on Sumter. 

The Ironsides and the Keokuk withdrew from the contest at half past 4 o'clock, 
ai)narently disabled; Fort Sumter is uninjured. The enemy's fire kilted 1 man. 

Intense'excitement prevails in the city, but everybody is confident of our triumph. 
The battery pro!nena<le is cn)wded witli soldiers viewing the fight. 

Our ironclads have gone out to take i)art in the mel^e. At this hour there is a lull 
in the firing. 

Third dispatch— Still later. 

Charleston, April 7. 

There has been no firing since half past 5. It is certain that the Keokuk and Ironr 
sides wen* Imdly injured. All the monitors were frequently hit, with unknown 
results; Fort Sumter was the chief aim of all the ironclads. 

Our casualties were as follows: One l)oy kilknl ami 5 men badly wounded in Sum- 
U»r, and 1 gun dismounted in Moultrie, and 1 wounded; the other batteries are not 
hear<l from. 

So far our success is most gratifying. We expect a renewal of the attack at any 
moment; occasional guns are heanl. 

Fourth dispatch, 

Charleston, Aprils— 10a. m. 
The enemy have made no renewal of the attack on Fort Sumter. An official 
disjmtch just receiveil from Sumter announces that the Montauky the most fonnidable 
of the monitors and ix>sse8sing two turrets, has been sunk off Morris Island. The 
latest ofiicial disi>atch indic*ates that the sunken monitor is the Keokuk. 

Official dispatches. 

Charleston, Aprils. 
Double-turret monitor so badly injurp<l in conflict yesterday sunk at 9 a. m. this 
morning. Chimney now to be seen sticking out of the water. 

(i. T. Bkaukegaro. 

Cieneral S. (.'ooper, 

A dpUaut- (len tral. 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



41 



Charleston, April 8—S p. m. 
Seven turreted ironclads and the Ironsides are witliin the bar; 22 blockading ves- 
sels off the bar. 

The Keokuk is certainly sunk on the beach off Morris Island. No disposition is 
api)arait to renew the conflict. 

G. T. Beaureqard. 

General S. Ckx)PER, 

AdjtUant' General, 



Report of Chief Engineer StimerB, U. 8. Navy. 

Genera?. Inspector's Office, Ironclad Steamers, 

ilS Broadway, Neio Yark, April U, 1863. 

Sir: I arrived in this city to-day, having left the fleet off Charieston, 
S. C, on the 11th instant, and I beg leave to report to the Departnient 
some of the detail facts connected with the naval attack upon Charles- 
ton, essayed bv Rear- Admiral Du Pont with his fleet of ironclad 
steamers, whicn came especially within my province as the geneml 
inspector of ironclad steamers and harbor-obstruction submarine shells. 

Previous to the attack I recommended to the admiral that two of the 
monitor vessels should have attached to their bows, one each of the 
submarine shells which had been furnished by the Department, and 
that these should precede the others and attack the obstructions, 
attaching to the rafts which earned the shells several grapnel hooks 
suspended by chains, to explode any torpedoes over which the vessels 
were about to pass, with the view to exploding thepi before the vessels 
themselves should come into dangerous proximity to them. 

There appeared, however, to be a feehng of objection to these shells, 
arising from an expressed apprehension that they would either run 
into some of our own vessels and blow them up, or if fired, as designed, 
against the obstructions, would recoil against the vessel carrying them 
and sink it 

I explained to the best of my ability the experiment I had tried with 
one of them in New York Iferbor, which proved how impossible it 
was that this latter event would happen, ana urged their trial, until I 
was infoi-med that I was wasting valuable time in pressing forward 
something which it had already l^en decided would not be used. 

It is with exceeding regret that I am thus compelled to report that 
this powerful weapon, for which we have every reason to suppose the 
enemy was entirely unprepared, should not have been used in an attack 
which could nave few nopes of success without it. 

One of the rafts whicn had been provided to carry the shells was. 
however, attached to the bow of the Weehawkm^ with the prepared 
hooks attached to protect the vessel against torpedoes. 

This she carried in and out again in safety, having proceeded as far 
as the line of obstructions, stretching from Forts Sumter to Moultrie, 
would permit. 

Having been directed to remain outside of the bar during the fight, 
I witnessed the conflict from the deck of the Coast-Survey steamer 
Bihb^ at the mouth of the Swash Channel. The firing on the part of the 
enemy was very terrific. He was not onlv able to keep up a very 
rapid fire from his numerous guns, but I felt satisfied was using reck- 
less charges of powder, which it was clearly wisdom for him to do. 
I therefore expected to find upon my visit to them at least an approacli 



42 SOUTH ATLAjrriO BLOOKADINQ SQUADEON. 



to the destructive results which had been obtained by the Chief of the 
Bureau of Ordnance in bis experiments against iron targets in the 
ordnance yard at Washington. I was, however, agreeably disappointed 
to find, upon my inspection of the monitor vessels the next morning, 
that there were no clear passages through the decks and no penetra- 
tions through the sides of the vessels or the pilot houses. The blunt- 
headed shot had proven much le^^s effective than round shot, not only 
in confining their injury to the indentation made more distinctly than 
is the case with round shot, but the indentations themselves were less 
than those made by the spherical balls. On the other hand, I found 
casualties had occurred which occasioned loss of life in one instance 
and disabled guns in others, through faults of design which only such 
experience could point out, and which I think can be entirely removed 
in the new vcvssels now building. 

In the case of the Keokuk, although I have never believed her arma- 
ture would withstand the shock of heavy ordnance at short ranges 
{vide my reports dated June 30, July 14, and Julv 31, 1862), I was 
rather surprised that it should have proven so easily penetrable. If 
the lesson which this should teach is properly received, the loss of the 
vessel will be a positive gain to the Governnient in preventing the con- 
struction of armored ships of more than doubtful impenetrability to 
ordinarily heavy ordnance. 

Although the Ironsl/ii's was not built under my inspection, it may 
not be considered improper for me to compare, in this report, the 
effect of shot upon hej- solid forged plates of 4^ inches thickness with 
the laminated plates of 5 inches thickness which protected the sides of 
the monitors. 

This vessel was twice as distant from Fort Sumter as several of the 
monitor vessels; the effe<;ts are not therefore strictly comparable; 
still, the difference in the appearance of the two descriptions of arma- 
ture are verv instructive, and should not be passed lightly over by the 
engineer. When the laminated plates upon the sides of the monitors 
were struck severely, the indentations were deep, the bolts securing 
them to the wooden backing started loose, the entire plates bent and 
sepamted from each other to an extent which impressed the nonpro- 
fessional observer with the idea of great injurv, but when the engi- 
neer examined them with the view of judging liow well thev would 
withstand another blow of the same force upon precisely the same 
place he perceives that the original power to resist shot has not been 
greatly reduced. 

On the other hand, the solid plates of the Ironsides were not so 
deeply indented. There appeared to be no disturbance of the plates 
by bending; but few bolts were started, and few persons other than the 
critical engineer would look closely enough to see that the plate was 
broken entirely through in a manner which would inevitably permit 
the passage of the second shot striking the same place. 

To the casual observer, therefore, the solid plates will have the 
appearance of having withstood the bombardment better than the 
laminated, but the unprejudiced engineer will perceive that the lat- 
ter disposition of the metal is much the most effective in attaining the 
de«irea object. 

In consideration of the vast importance to our country that that 
stronghold of rebellion should be reduced, I take the libeity to express 
to the Department my firm opinion that the obstructions can be readily 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 43 



passed with the means already provided and our entire fleet of iron- 
clads pass up successfully to the wharves of Charleston, and that the 
monitor vessels still retain sufficient enduring powers to enable them 
to pass all the forts and batteries which may reasonably be expected. 
I am, respectfully, your obedient servant, 

Alban C. Stimers, 
Chief Engineer^ U. S. Navy. 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of the Navy^ Washi7i<jton^ D, C. 



Order of Rear-Admiral Da Font, U. 8. Navy, to Captain Bodgers, U. 8. Navy, to famish 
report regarding the trial of the Eriosson raft off Charleston, 8. C. 

Flagship Wabash, 
Port Royal Harbor, S. Apiil 1863. 
Sir: I have to request that you will ^ive me all the fa<»ts and cir- 
cumstances attending the use of the Ericsson raft, which with so 
much zeal and energy you attempted to render of service, not alone 
in the attack on Charleston, but afterwards, with its missiles, to make 
it available in blowing ud the Keokxik. 

In other words, I woula like to have embodied in official form the sev- 
eral reports you have made to me on this subject from time to time. 
Respectfully, etc., 

S. F. Du Pont, 

Rear- Admiral. 

Captain J. Rodgers, 

TJ. S. S. Weeha/wken. 



Report of Captain Rodgers, U. 8. Navy, regarding the Ericsson raft. 

U. S. S. Weehawken, 

Port Royal, April 1863. 

Sir: In compliance with your order of this day, I have the hono^* to 
submit the following report in regard to the raft said to have been 
invented by Mr. Ericsson for the purpose of carrying a torpedo to be 
ased in blowing up obstructions: 

Upon trial in this harbor I found that the vessel with the simple 
raft steered as well, I thought, as usual; certainly not so much worse 
as to render its use objectionable. Whether she would handle as well 
with the resistance of the torpedo 12 feet under water added on to the 
raft I have not tried, and therefore can express no opinion. 

There was another trial of the simple raft attached to this vessel in 
North Edisto Harbor with the captitins of the ironclads on board. 
They did not judge of it so favorably as to be willing to use it. I 
thought that it would not be wise to carry the torpedo into action, 
since in evolutions we might come into contact with some of our own 
vessels and thus blow them up. 

The event proves that the anticipation was not ill founded. Two 
ironclads actually came into collision with the Iromides and she had 
to stop to avoid the Weehawkeii. Had those vessels which actually 
touched her been provided with formidable torpedoes to ex^loda vr^ow 



44 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADBON. 



contact, the result might have been most disastrous. In plain words, 
that follj[ would rise into crime which should carry loaded torpedoes 
in a rapid tideway in a somewhat narrow channel, without known 
buoys, under fire, and with the attention divided, among a friendly 
fleet. 

The proposition is so evident that it would lose by argument. I 
declined, accordingly, to attach the loaded torpedo to the WeeAawken 
during the attack Fort Sumter unless I should receive positive 
orders to do so. I stated, however, that I thought the raft might be 
useful with grapnels hanging from it to catch obstructions. This, 
accordingly, I carried into action, and this I brought out. 

The raft was cut so as to lit the bow of the vessel and secured by 
chains from ringlx)lts on the raft a and c to ringbolts on uhe bow of 
the WeehawJcen, and further sexuired by rope lashings to the same 
bolts and also from the ringbolts h and t/, I presume as. designed by 
the inventor. 



a b 



WEEHAWIOEN 




c cf 



In crossing Charleston })ar the chains from a and c parted; all the 
lashings broke. This happened twice in the short i^eriod in crossing 
from the outside of the bar to the anchorage inside. 

When inside, it was found that the sea converted the raft into a huge 
battering ram, which shook the vessel at every undulation. 

It is obvious that with the pitching whicfi alwa5's accompanies a 
swell the two bodies would he brought into collision with a power pro- 
portionate to their weight. The raft, I think, displaces about 90 tons 
of water. Its motions did not at all correspond with [the] motions of 
the vessel. The raft rose while the vessel fell, and the reverse. It 
was a source of apprehension lest it should get upon the deck or under 
the overhang. 

The conclusion forced upon me was that no vessel can carry it 
attached to the bow except m smooth water. 

After it hatl started tiie 5-inch iron armor xx^n the lx)w 1 cut it 
adrift. 

Afterwards I offered to use the one still in tow of the Ericsson to 
blow up the Keokuk. It was l»rought in in weather when confessedly 
I could not carry it, and it was anchored. When the sea became 
smoother it was put u|K)n the Ik)w, with the torpedoes all ready to be 
raised and lowered into their place. 

There was still some sea, with a cross current, and Chief Engineer 
E. D. Ro])ie, who, in conjunction with Chief Engineer Stimers, was 
sent out from New York in special charge of the rafts and torpedoes, 
found that the water was too rough, witn too much sprav for nim to 
attach the lock and lit the instrument for use. He said that the force 
of the waves which came over the bow of the raft would not permit 
the torpedo to be hoisted outside against their beating. 

I went on board the* IrotiHlffvx to I'cport the fact to you. On board 
the Inmmleii he made the same rei)ort. In the meanwhile, Chief 



SOUTH ATLATiTIO BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



45 



Engineer Stimers came on board the Weeliawken^ where I met him on 
my return. The sea had somewhat fallen, and he said that the torpedo 
could now be fitted for firing, but I found that during ray absence the 
heavy ringbolts, a and 5, had drawn out of the mft and left it liable to 
swinff round and bring the torpedo, when ready to explode, against 
the VfeehawkerCs side. A chain, I was told, had been prepared to come 
up and under the raft from beneath the point e and to be secured inside 
the anchor well. It was beneath the raft and I did not see it. I had no 
f ith that the chain would stand a strain which had drawn out from 
solid wood two ragged bolts 24 inches long and nearly 5 inches in cir- 
cumference. All sailors know from experience that chain is less reli- 
able against surges than lashings. 

The raft in its battering tendencies had become unbearable. . In the 
sea and cross currents it drew the bolts intended to keep it pointed 
toward the object it was desired to use it upon, and it was ready to 
turn its destructive power against those who were to employ it. 

It was decided not to make the first trial of it attached to the bow of 
a vessel under circumstances so adverse. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

John Rodgers, 

Captava, 

Bear- Admiral S. F. Du Pont, 

Comnumding SoiUh Atlantic BlochadiTtg Sqvxidron, 



[Telegram.] 

Navy Department, April 20, 1863. 
Du Pont's detailed reports were received this morning via Balti- 
more. In tone and sentiment they correspond with his first dispatch. 
Worden's and Bhind^s are samples of the whole, including John 
Bodgers'. No indications of movements or intended movements since 
dispatch of the . 

Gideon Welles, 

Secretary Navy. 

G. V. Fox, 

AssistarU Secretary Navy, Astor House, New York. 



Btetement of oommaBding offloan of ironclads which participated in the attack on For 
Snmter, in response to newspaper accounts. 

North Edisto, S. C, April U, 1863. 

Sib: We have lately seen in different newspapers, particularly in 
the Baltimore American, detailed accounts of the recent attack on Fort 
Sumter, in which our opinions, the condition of the vessels, and the 
facts in general are so perverted and falsified, that, as it is not proper 
for us to correct them uirough the same medium, we beg leave to offer 
a statement to the Department of what did really occur in connection 
with the attack referred to; in hopes that it may, perhaps, permit it 
to be made public, both in the interest of truth and of our reputations. 

It may appear uncalled for on our parts to answer ill-natured and 
false statenteDts, coming from irresponsible parties throug\i\ii^^\3Ja\vi 



46 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADBON. 



prints, but when it is considered that the opinion of those at home is 
almost entirely formed on just such statements, we think they niay be 
considered of suflScient importance to notice, particularly when, as in 
the case of the American, tliey are uttered so immediately in the neigh- 
borhood of the seat of Government, and this being the case, we shall 
more particularly criticise the remarks which, first appearing in that 
paper, have thence so widely circulated in others. 

Although, as mi^ht be expected, there were differences of opinion 
as to the probabilities of taking Charleston, not one of us ever doubted 
that the attempt should be made, believing as we did that, under the 
circumstances, almost anything would be better than to give up, with- 
out a fair trial, what had so long been prepared for. But after the 
experience gained under the fire of the enemy, we were unanimously 
of opinion that a renewal of the attack would be unwise in the 
extreme, and for the following reasons: Our vessels had been very 
much injured before passing the first of the three lines of defenses 
which protect Charleston, and perhaps, considering the obstacles to be 
met with farther up, not the strongest of the three. In receiving these 
injuries, they had not been able to do any [damage] to Eort Sumter, at 
least, sufficient to slacken its fire; ana even supposing this point 

Eassed, there still remained to go over more than 3 miles of water 
efore reaching the city, part of which we could see was obstructed 
by piles, and all of which offered the utmost convenience for toipe- 
does, cables, and every other known means of stopping an advancing 
naval force, to say nothing of the guns. When, in addition to this 
it had been proved that any heavy blow on the turret was very apt to 
disorder and stop it, that our siac armor and decks were penetrable, 
and the pilot house, where is the steering apparatus, and from which 
is the only lookout, could be made untenable, as two of them to a great 
extent had been, it is scarcely surprising that we should have arrived 
at the a}>ove conclusions. 

It is said by the writer in the American that had the torpedo been 
used on the front vessel the obstructions at Fort Sumter might have 
been blown awa}'^ and the fleet could have proceeded then without diffi- 
culty to Charleston, overlooking entirelv the fact that there would 
have still remained to destroy whatever tbe ingenuity of our enemies 
could have laid down for the remaining long distance. 

These toi-pedo rafts had merely a theoretical reputation for remov- 
ing obstacles, never having been tried at the North or elsewhere, except 
in blowing up water, and certainly being a source of great danger to 
our own vessels in fouling each other — a matter very likely to occur, 
taking into consideration the tide, the shoal water, and the imperfect 
steering qualities of the vessels, and which actually did occur on sev- 
eral occasions. 

The result of the effort to use these torpedoes against the Keokuk 
after the action fully sustains the opinion formed of them. 

It is said that these rafts, sent down to be attached to the bows of 
our vessels, were refused without trial and from mere naval prejudice 
or personal feeling. This is no truer than the other statements. 
Although plain to us that vessels which, at the best, are very unman- 
ageable from losing steerageway the very instant that the propeller 
stops, and from scarcely being able to go more than 4 knots, and some 
of them not even that, would be made more so by these great projec- 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



47 



tions forward, which could never have been prepared for in the orig- 
inal plans of the ironclads. Still, one of them was tried in our presence, 
and under favorable circumstances for steering, as the torpeaoes were 
not attached. We were soon, however, convmced that our unfavor- 
able impressions with regard to them were correct, and that in the 
rapid currents and narrow channels of Charleston Harbor we would 
most likely get our vessels ashore, clogged with such a hindrance to 
their turnmg quickly. 

As regards the attempt to blow up the KeoJcuk with one of them, 
the failure was not owing to any difficulties thrown in the way of the 
experiment by any officers of the squadron, but was given up, very 
much to the chagrin of the admiral, simply because of the engineer 
who came down in charge of it not being able to piit it in order for 
work and make the attachment^ although at the time the sea for that 
anchorage was unusually smooth. When, afterwards, Mr. Stimers 
said the firing attachment could be made, the heavy ringbolts used to 
direct its safe action had dmwn out. As it has also been stated that 
our vessels came out of the action almost unharmed, we will here men- 
tion some of the injuries received by them which will, we think, go to 
show that such was not the case, and that it would have been out of 
the question to renew the action on the next day, if at all, when we 
consider that, although again liable to the same fire as at first, in their 
after condition they would have been infinitely less able to endure it. 

1st. Passaic: A lar^e piece of brassing under the turret broken oflF, 
owing to which and its being forced over the turret could not be 
moved for some time, and has not worked well since. The gun car- 
riage of the Xl-inch gun disabled until the next afternoon ana the top 
of the pilot house forced up so as to expose the inside to shot, and not 
got into place until late the next day. 

2d. Weehawken: Side armor broken through, exposing the wood. 
The flange supporting the gun platform of Xl-inch gun broken; 
smokestack very much injured, and both this and the turret greatly 
weakened from the loss of bolts; the latter also for a time stopped. 

3d. Patapaco: Rifled gun disabled at fifth fire; smokestacK pene- 
trated in several places through the upper part of armor, out of which 
were forced forty bolts, rendering the whole structure very insecure 
until strengthened again. Besides this, the turret had been stopped 
for a time. 

4th. Nantucket: XV-inch gun lost at the third fire, owing to a blow 
on turret Jamming the port stoppjer, which could not be moved after- 
wards. Turret stoppea several times, besides severe injury to smoke- 
stack and deck. The concussion box in this short time lost eight bolts 
and the turret was made to move with great difficulty. 

5th. Nahant: Lost seventy -six bolts from the turret and pilot house, 
the latter very much injured. The steering gear deranged and the 

Elates started; the bi*aces that held down the inner gun tracks and 
i-ace of turret knocked off, and turret rendered immovable and not 
cleared until 5 o'clock the following afternoon. Even at present, after 
long repairs, it can only be made to revolve very slowly with 30 pounds 
of steam. 

We have now met and, we think, refuted most of the falsehoods 
published in the American, and would merely beg to add in further 
support of our views expressed against a renewal of the attack that 

N W B— VOL 14 4 



48 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADBON. 



the liability of the guns to become disabled on occasions which require 
steady use has ))een shown, as well as that the turret almost invariably 
refuses to work after receiving heavy blows from shot, not only because 
the consequent bulging in injures the machinery, but from its being 
pushed from the perpendicular. 

In addition, the veiy slow fire possible from the XV -inch gun, and 
the fact that, to be effective against stone walls, it must be brought so 
near as to take away from the impenetrable character of the ironclads, 
are considerations of great moment to all those who wish to see these 
vessels in the highest degree effective, nor have we, unfortunately, 
reason to believe that the batteries or turrets will, on any future occa- 
sion, when exposed to the fire of heavy guns, show more offensive 
power or endurance than was the case at Sumter. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servants, 

P. Dkayton, 

Captain I^i^fsaic. 
John Rodgkks, 

Captain Wee/iawken. 
Danl. Ammen, 

Coimnandcr Patajpsco. 
Geo. W. Rodgers, 

Cmnmander Catskill. 
D. M. Fairfax, 

Commander Nantucket. 
John Downes, 

Commander Naliant. 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of t lie Navy, Washington, D. C. 



Report of Rear-Admiral Da Font, U. S. Navy, traxumitting reports regarding the operation 
.of the turret of the U. S. 8. Nahant. 

No. 211.] Fij^cjsiiir Wabash, 

Port Royal Harbor, .V. C, May 3, 1863. 
Sir: I herewith enclose copies (marked 1 and 2) of the reports of 
Coniniander Uownes, of the j\a/ia?it, and of his first assistjint engineer, 
F. J. Lovering, an experienced officer, respecting tlie turret of that 
vessel. 

I also enclose (marked No. 8) a slip from the Baltimore American, 
written, there is every reason to believe, cither by Mr. Fulton or Mr. 
Stimers, in which, among other things, it is stated that — 

ThtMlamajLre done to the Xahant^ PimriiCf ami ]yei'h(twkenj the only vessels of the 
llwt really injuml, was completely remedied iKjfore noon on We'dneHday. The 
turret of the Stuhniit is n'prest^nted to have been wedged l)y a nhot ntriking it at the 
lower enige, where it comet* in contact with the deck. Thin was not the case, and it 
waa njt*tore<l to workinjr condition early next niorninc by Mr. Faron, who found 
that the difficulty wiw in the socket of the turret at the very bottom of the veseel, 
which had l)een jkmmed out of its place hv a heavy concuts^ion on the upper e<lge of 
the turret. In two hours he had it revolving at the rate of one and a half minutes 
to the current. 

The Department will perceive by the reports of Commander Downes 
and Mr. iLovering that the turret of the Nahant is not yet in working 
order; that as late as the 28th of April, with 30 pounds of steam, it 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING 8QUADB0N. 



49 



required two minutes and forty seconds to make one revolution, and 
that when the pressure was reduced to 23 pounds the turret stopped. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

S. F. Du Pont, 
Sear- Admiral^ Comdg, South Atlaiitic Blockading Sqimdron, 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of the Navy ^ Washhigton^ D. C. 

[Enclosure No. 1.] 

Ironclad Nahant, 
North Edisto Rvver, April 29, 1863. 
Sib: I have the honor to forward herewith enclosed the report of 
the senior engineer, Mr. Lovering, upon the working condition of the 
turret of this vessel and the apparent causes of its unsatisfactory per- 
formance, by which it will be perceived that for the space of a week 
we will be unfitted for service. At the expiration of tnat time, how- 
ever, I hope and think the obstacles to the moving of our turret will 
have been removed and this vessel ready for service. 
I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

John Downes, 

Comiriander, 

Bear- Admiral S. F. Du Pont, 

Comdg. South Atlantic Blockdg. Squadron^ Port Boy id , S. C. 

[Enclosure No. 2.] 

Ironclad Nahant, 
North Edisto Biver, April S8, 1863. 

Sir: I have the honor to report that this forenoon, having cut out 
the pieces of the pilot-house nng where it bound the base of the house, 
I turned the turret, and with 30 pounds of steam it required two min- 
utes and forty seconds to make one revolution; with 26 pounds of 
steam, three minutes and eight seconds; and when the pressure was 
reduced to 23 pounds the turret stopped. 

The diflSiculty, in my opinion, is caused by the teeth of the main 
pinion and wheel ''meshing" too deeply and by the after or XV-inch 
gun side of the turret setthng so that the main turret beam strikes the 
pinion in its revolution. To remedy this, it will be necessary to remove 
the main pinion and reduce its thickness from one-half to three-quarters 
of an inch, dress the teeth of the pinion, and cut three-fourths of an 
inch off the end of the main pinion shaft. With the facilities at hand 
this can be done in one week. 

I am, sir, very respectfully, etc., 

F. J. Lovering, 

Senior Engine*^r. 

Commander J. Downes. 

[Eoclosure No. 3. From the Baltimore American.] 

Impregriability of the monitors. — ^There will be found in our columns 
this morning a letter from Mr. Ericsson with regard to the test of the 
strength of the fleet of monitors under the walls of Sumter and Moul- 
trie. Having witnessed that great conflict, and after the battle visited 
all the monitors engaged in it, we have no hesitation in asserting that 
it was a matter of astonishment to all experienced observers to see 
how little they were really injured. They were scarred vwcid bxxsAa^ 



50 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADBON. 

and their smokestack« penetrated by the projectiles literally rained on 
them by the enemy, but even in this respect not one of them fared as 
badly as the original Mon itor in her conflict with the Merrhnack. No 
one doubted her entire ability to renew the fi<^ht the next day, and our 
entire fleet of monitors were as competent to return to the walls of 
Sumter as she then was to meet the Merruaack. 

The damage done to the Nahant^ Passaic, and Weehawken—th^ only 
vessels of the fleet really injured — was completely remedied before 
noon on W ednesday. The turret of the Nahant is represented to have 
been wedged by a shot striking it at the lower edge, where it comes 
in contact with the deck. This was not the case, and it was restorcMl 
to working condition earlv next morning by Mr. Faron, who found 
that the diflSculty was in tlie socket of the turret, at the very bottom 
of the vessel, which had been jarred out of its place by a heavy con- 
cussion on the upper edge of the turret. In two hours we liad it 
revolving at the rate of one and a half minutes to the current [sic.]. 
Some of the bolts of her pilot house were brokerf, but there was no 
penetration either there or in the turret. Her deck was scarred, her 
smoke pipe cut through, and tlie deepest indentation, 2f inches, received 
by any of the vessels made in her turret, but she could have fought 
as effectually next day as any of the fleet. 

The only trouble with t\\ii Pami!c was the nrotrusion of a bolthead 
in the turret, which pi*ovented one of the sliclcs of her stopper 
from opening. A cold chisel and an hour's application of the hammer 
remedied this obstruction. 

The Wee?iau'km was more extensively scarred by the shot of the 
enemy than any other of the vessels, and her deck was at one point 
penetmted by a steel-pointed rifle shot of small caliber. This shot cut 
a groove in the deck about 18 inches long and very smooth, and is 
supposed to have passed underneath and into one of the coal bunkers. 
The fracture, however, was very small, iind the damage of no account 
so far as her efliciency was concerned. The side armor of her hull 
was also severely testiKl, four balls having struck on the upper edge 
within a space of 2 feet. It presented at this spot a very ragged 
appearance. Her gallant commander. Captain John Rodgei'S, led the 
battle, was the first in and the last out, and never ceased firing. For 
a renewal of the fight she had received no real injury. So also with 
the other four. The Patapsco^ CatsklU^ Nantucket^ and Montank were 
beautified by the scars of war, Imt not injured in the slightest manner 
so far as ability to renew the fight was concerned. 

As to the steering qualities, they are unequaled by any vessel ever 
constructed. We have sailed side by side by them for hundreds of 
miles on the ocean, and have seen them in the strong tideway of nar- 
row and shallow channels, and never heard any complaint of their 
steering qualities until we read the accounts in the New York papers 
in their attempts to ex(»use the unsatisfactory operations of the naval 
authorities^ before ClJharleston. 

We contend that this first practical test of the power of endurance 
of the ironclad monitors was most satisfactory, and that there was 
no more reason for not renewing the conflict next day than there 
would have been for not commencing it on the previous da5% It was 
regarded by most of those who witnessed it as a most satisfactory 
reconnoissance, showing the entire capacity of the monitors to with- 
stand such a concentrated fire, and the inability of the enemy, with 
the most powerful of modern projectiles, to penetmte their armor. 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 51 



Beport of Commander Downes, U. 8. Navy, commanding U. S. 8. Nahant, regarding the 
inferior quality of bolts used in the constrnetion of that yessel. 

U. S. Ironclad Steamer Nahant, 
North Eduto Rive7\ April 29, 1863. 
Sir: I have transmitted to New York in the Passaio a quantity of 
boltheads broken and knocked off from the inside of the turret and 
pilot house of this vessel in the late action of the 7th instant in 
Charleston Harbor, to the number of eighty-one. As this effect of 
blows upon the turret and pilot house has been peculiar to this vessel, 
and, 1 believe, the Nantucket, and particularly severe on board the 
Nahant, I have thought it advisable to send home the bolts that the 
Department may satisfy itself by observation, if required, of the 
cause thereof, which I attribute entirely to the bad quality of iron of 
which they were composed, and I will "add that, in my opinion, a bat- 
tering such as we endured, continued for less than an nour longer, 
would have cnused both structures to fall to pieces ior want of bolts 
to hold them together. The other vessels were most of them struck 
quite as frequently on the turret, and some of them much more so 
tnan the Nanant, and yet their loss of bolta hjis been trifling in com- 
parison, not averaging more than four or five each. The Nahant was 
struck nine times on the turret alone, with a loss of sixty bolts, two 
or ^hree heavy shot knocking out from twelve to sixteen bolts each, 
while mere grazes broke two or three. The Patapsco, to select a con- 
trast, was struck eighteen times on the turret and had only three bolts 
broken. 

The bolts, when broken in the Nahan fs turret, broke on the inside, 
the nuts flying off, inflicting in some cases severe injuries, whilst the 
bolts themselves sprung out their full length from the turret, and 
some of them even onto the deck at a distance from the turret. The 
Pataps(xPs bolts broke near their heads on the outside, the remainder 
of the bolts and the nuts inside remaining firm in their places. 

From these facts I deduce the opinion that there is a radical defect 
in the bolting of the pilot house and turret of this vessel, which I do 
not think capable of withstanding such a battering as she must be 
expected to receive if she is to enter into conflict with heavy forts, 
and I would respectfully suggest, that as soon as her immediate serv- 
ices can be dispensed with, her turret and pilot house be entirely 
rebolted with a better quality of iron, an operation 1 am inclined to 
believe capable of speedy performance. 

I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

John Downes, 

Commander. 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Sec7*etanj of tlve Navy, Washington^ D, C. 



Beport of Bear-Admiral Dn Font, U. 8. Navy, calling attention of the Department to an 
article published in the Baltimore American by Mr. Fulton. 

No. 208.] Flagship Wabash, 

Pfrrt Royal JIarbov, S. il, April 22, 1863. 
Sir: I desire to call the attention of the Department to an article 
published in the Baltimore American of April 15, describm^ ^w^l 



52 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADlNa SQUADBOK. 



commenting upon the attack 1)}^ the ironclads under my command 
upon the forts at Charleston in terms injurious to myself, unjust to 
the officers whom I had the honor to lead, derogatory to the reputa- 
tion of the naval service, and utterly false in its most important par- 
ticulars. 

I should not consider it necessary or proper to bring this matter to 
the notice of the Department but for two reasons which seem to 
demand it. These reasons are, firstly, that the writer of the article 
in question, well known to }>e Mr. 0. C. Fulton, of the Baltimore 
American, came here in the steamer Erlcmm when that vessel, char- 
tered by the Navy Department, brought to this port lufts and tor- 
pedoes, and came, as I have understood, by the sanction and with the 
permission of the Department. 

With this understanding I permitted Mr. Fulton to go to the Ogee- 
chee in the Coast Survey steamer Blhb^ Captain Boutelte, placed under 
my direction and protection by Professor Bache, Supermtendent of 
the Coast Survey. As the time came near for the attacK upon Charles- 
ton, Mr. Fulton was still on board the KrlcHmu^ fi-om which vessel he 
again went on board the liihl) and took up his quarters with Captain 
Boutelle. 

Secondly, 1 learned from Captain Boutelle, quite accidentally, that 
Mr. Fulton wa.s under an obligation to send a duplicate of his corre- 
spondence to the Assistant Secretary of the Navy for his censorship 
before it could be published. An editor and correspondent of an 
influential newspa|K^r, domiciled with the permission of the Depart- 
ment on board a steamer under its control, and submitting his letters 
to the inspection of one of its highest officials, is, manifestly, in a 
different position from ordinary corresiwudents of the press; and 
when a reporter thus situated writes of an action which he witnessed 
at a distance, and presumes to represent the sentiments of nine-tenths 
of the officers present, it becomes advisable to place upon the record 
of the Department a refutation of his calumnies. 

Although I can not dou})t, from the stiitements of Captain Boutelle, 
copies of whose letters on the subject I enclose, that Mr. Fulton had 
engaged to submit his corresi)oiKlence to the revision of the Assistant 
Secretary of the Navy, I desire to state here most explicitly that I do 
not for a moment supiK)se he complied with the armngement in this 
instance. The honor and the hign standing of the naval service of 
the United States, as signally manifested in this war jis in other wars, 
nuist be as dear to the Assistant Secretary as to myself and to my 
brother officers, and it is simply impossible for me to ])elieve that he 
should have l)een aware, before its i)u})Iication, of the infamous state- 
n)ents contained in this letter (marked No. 1). 

But as Mr. Fulton avowcnl to Captain Boutelle and to others that he 
lK>re this semiofficial relation to the Department, and as the Depart- 
ment afforded him, if I have been correctly informed, the opportunity 
to be present, it seems but right that 1 should at l(»ast deny his state- 
ments in a communication which will find its place upon the records of 
the Department. 

Mr. Fulton assumes to express the feelings of nine-tenths of the 
officers and of all the spectators of the a(?tion as to the farcical nature 
of the tussjiult and its disgnicef ul aliandonment. One of the spectators, 
whose opp<jrtunities for olweiTation were certainly equal to those of 
Mr. Fulton, whose education as a soldier, and whose position as the 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING 8QUADE0N. 



53 



general commanding the land forces then awaiting the result of the 
naval attack, ^houlaentitle his opinions to at least equal consideration, 
has expressed his impression of the assault in terms verv different from 
those employed by the editoi of the lialtimore American, and here I 
am content to rest the matter as far as spectators are concerned. 

As to the opinions of nine-tenths of the oflScers in fav^or of the 
renewal of the attack, I have only to say that I am not aware of what 
the impressions of so large a proportion of the squadron may be, but 
what is perhaps more germane to the matter, the nine captains of the 
nine ironclad vessels and my fleet captain were unanimous in their 
conviction that the attack should not be renewed, and as the evidence 
of experts upon the'spot is to be preferred even to that of other experts 
remote from the scene of action, whose opportunities for observation 
are less favorable, 1 am at a loss to know how mv own determination 
not to resume the offensive could be strengthened. 

The writer for the press makes me hoUl a council of war after the 
attack. I did not hold a council of war either before or after the attack, 
nor have I ever held a council of war in all my life. I did not desire to 
throw upon the gallant oflicers who commanded the ironclads, and who 
had so nobly borne themselves in this novel mode of warfare, any of 
the responsibility which pertained to my own station, and I did nqt 
hear their opinion as to the withdrawal of the fleet until after I had 
announced my own determination in the matter. 

M)r decision on the evening of the battle, after ascertaining the 
injuries received b}'^ the vessels, was entirely my own, and after fur- 
ther developments upon a more complete examination than was then 
practicable, the correctness of the decision is fully confirmed. 

It was, however, most gratifying to me to find my own determina- 
tion receive the unanimous and cordial support of all the commanders 
of the ironclads upon the day after it had oeen announced when they 
called upon me and expressed in emphatic terms their conviction that 
a persistence in the naval attack upon Charleston, with the means at 
my disposal, could afford no hope or success and could not fail to i*esult 
in disaster. 

The Department selected these captains with care and with a full 
knowledge of their high professional chamcter, and I suppose that their 
opinions, thus coinciding with my own and with those of my well- 
tried chief of staff, will stand the test of impartial and intelligent criti- 
cism even if adverse to those of the correspondent of the naltimore 
American. 

When I made the signal to withdraw from action on the evening of 
the 7th the Ironsides was but slightly injured, though she had been 
under a heavy fire. I did not then know the condition of the moni- 
tors, and I recalled the ships only because it was too late to attempt 
further to force the obstructions that night. Subsequently, when I 
learned from the several captains the difliculties they had encountered, 
the extent of the damages tney had susbiined in their hulls and turrets, 
and the fact that five out of eight of their vessels were for the time 
either wholly or half disabled as to the use of their guns, it was made 
perfectly clear to my mind that, once enbmgled among the obstruc- 
tions, should we attempt to pass them under a fire so crushing as that 
from the forts had been, even the extraordinary power of endurance 
pertaining to these monitors could not sustain this tire again during 
another hour of attack. 



54 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADBON. 



Thi« correspondent reports that on the morning^ of the 8th Mr. 
Stimers and his workmen had put all the monitors in as eood condi- 
tion as they had V)een on the 7tn before the action; that the turret of 
the Nahant was freed from the difficulty which had prevented it frwn 
revolving, and that the workmen had all left at 1 o'clock, reporting 
every difficulty as to the working of turrets, guns, etc., fully i-emedieo. 

Tfie turret of the Nahant did not begin to turn until 5 p. m., and it 
was late at night before she could have gone into action again. 

Seventy-six >)olts were driven out of her turret and pilot house 
which could not be replaced, and she would have been utterly disabled 
by a f(>w more shot. The Weehawlm thought her battery was in 
good condition, whereas it was discovered that her Xl-inch was dis- 
abled, and it is not yet repaired. I will only add here that the side 
armor of the }\Whawle)i at the water's edge was pierced through and 
the wood laid bare; one more blow there and sne would have gone 
down. I am having a careful drawing made of this fractui'e to send 
to the Department. 

The repairs that it was practica})le to make at the time were, of 
course, slight and temporarv in their character. I had hoped ^t 
those made on the Pamtlc after the Ogeechee affair would carry her 
through this fight, but she })roke down in forty minutes in a worse 
inanner than she did under her eight hours' lire from Fort McAllister. 
The Nahmit and Patapnco^ unhurt in that engagement, were almost 
hnmediately crippled in this one. 

1 visited the monitors on the 18th instant and, uix)n examining into 
their condition myself, I found their captains had rather underrated 
the damage they had received, and so far from the seven vessels being 
in as good order bv noon of the 8th as they had been at noon of the 
7th, according to ilr. Fulton, three of them are now, at this date, in 
Station Creek undergoing important and nuich-needed repairs. 1 wish 
I could get them out in as good order as they were at noon on the 7th. 

The writer states that the naval officers and myself have l)een 
haunted and oppressed l)y the dread of invisible torpeioes and of other 
o])structions in the channel: that the fear of these ghosts prevented 
the success of the attack; that the Navy Department had provided 
means for the removal of these torpedoes, ana that the naval offioera 
were afraid to use them. 

Torpedoes are not placed so as to l)e visi})le. The (^a!ro was 
destroyed l)y an invisil)Ie torpedo in the Western waters; the Moiitmik 
was damaged l)y an invisible torpedo at the Ogeechee; an invisible 
torpedo exploded under or near tne We^hairl^en^ from whose propeller 
shaft 250 feet of rope, then fouled around it, have just been removed, 
and the PatapHro was l)rought up ])y and hung upon an invisible 
obstruction for ten minutes in the focus of the storm of shot. To have 
ventured farther into that labyrinth would have been to anchor the 
vessels helplessly l)y their st<M-ns (those of them at leitst that escaped 
the invisible torpedoes), and thus expose them to a iire which tney 
<'ould neither endure nor effectively return, and finally to have allowed 
them to fall into the iK)ssession of the enemy. 

Imputations like tnese upon the judgment, the conduct, and the 
counige of officei-s of high chanicter and of long standing in the serv- 
ice, ^'ho have Ix^en tried over and over again in this war, and who, in 
my judgment, have no superiors in the Savy, coming from a person 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADEON. 



55 



in a manner endorsed by the Navy Department and in communication 
with it, have not been received with perfect composure. If Mr. Ful- 
ton is coiTCct in this impeachment of tnese gentlemen, then the captains 
of the four leading monitors, whose orders were to pass around to the 
northwest side of Sumter and to gain a position off its innei face, failed 
in their duty to me, to the service, and to their country. Either they 
were unworthy of the occasion or Mr. C. C. Fulton is guilty of the 
most inexcusable calumniation. 

One more item and I have done. Mr. Fulton avers that suflScient 
experiments were not made with the rafts and torpedoes, and states 
that they were condemned without examination from a dislike to 
Ericsson and his naval innovations. I refer the Department to the 
letter of Captain John Rodgers upon the matter of the i-af ts and tor- 
pedoes as satisfactorily disposing of the question of experiments and 
of their use and disuse in the attack upon Charleston. (Enclosure 
marked No. 2.*) 

As to the officers of the monitoi-s being afraid to blow up the Keokuk 
with these appliances, Mr. Fulton certamlv had the means for obtain- 
ing accurate information upon this point irom Chief Engineer Robie, 
who was likewise quarterea on board the EricsHcni, The Weehawhm^ 
Captain John Rodgei*s, was put at the disposal of Chief Engineer 
Rome for this puipose, and every facility given to them in my power 
to afford. This engineer, who was sent out by the Department in 
charge of the mfts and toi*pedoes, did not find it pmcticable to use the 
torpedo against the KeoKniJc^ then lying hard aground, remote from 
other vessels, and undisturbed by any fire from tne enemy. 

It Is possible to ask too much of men at certain times and under 
certain circumstances, and, in this instance, to have attached these 
rafts and torpedoes to the bows of the monitoi-s with the expectation 
that these vessels could be fought amid such a storm of shot and shell 
from the enemy and at the same time carry on submarine mining 
operations would perhaps have overtasked tHe faculties of most per- 
sons, and in all probability have "hoist the engineer with his own 
petard," or, if not him, his friends instead of his enemv. 

I now take leave of this [the] most odious subject I nave ever had 
occasion to notice. Some other assertions of Mr. Fulton which might 
be flatly conti'adicted I have not discussed, nor have I thought it worth 
while to consider his opinions upon purely professional points. To 
undergo the fire of the enemy and the stabs of an assassin of charac- 
ter at one and the same time is too much for my philosophv, and for 
mv further protection against assaults of the latter kind 1 look for 
and expect the countenance of the Department. 

1 make this request to the Department because up to the latest dates 
received here none of my oflScial reports had been published, while 
the statements which I have made the subject of this communication 
have been spread unanswered throughout the country. 

So far as I have seen, the tone of the press genei-ally has been just, 
and in many instances generous. The exception is the Baltimore 
American, which seems to have had its own hostile proclivities height- 
ened by an association with an oflSccr of the service, whose name 
appears frequently and prominently in its report in connection with 
the repairs upon the ironclads and in relation to the torpedoes and the 



*See p. 43. 



56 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 

rafts. I mean Mr. A. C. Stimers, a chief engineer in the naval service 
of the United States. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

S. F. Du Pont, 

Ilear'Ad?)iiral, Comdg, South Atlantic Blockading Squads 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Setrdanj of the ^^(tvih ^Vashingtrm. 



Letter f^om Assifltant BonteUe, U. 8. Coast Survey, to Bear-Admiral Dn Pont, U. 8. Vavj 

Bibb, April 22, 1863. 

My Dear Sir: In reply to your note of yesterdaj'^ I beg to sav that 
I first saw Mr. Fulton on the 24th February, when he came-on*board 
this vessel with Messrs. Stimers and Newton, naval engineers. 

The latter officers were directed l)y you to take passage in the BM 
to Wassaw and Ossiibaw for the purpose of inspecting the Passaic and 
Mfmtaul\ and I understood that Mr. Fulton accompanied them by 
your permission and authority. 

We were two days at Wassaw and one at Ossabaw. At each place 
Mr. Fulton visitccf the monitors with the inspecting engineers and 
made such notes as he thoujrht proper. 

During our voyage a convtu-sation took place in my cabin between 
Mr. Bartlett (paynuistcr of the Bihh)^ and myself upon the responsi- 
Viilities attjichint^ to a newspaper correspondence from the centers of 
active opiM-ations in face of the enemy. Mr. Fulton said it was his 
pmctice to use a "manifold letter writer" in writing his notes, makin? 
several copies. One was mailed to his brother at Bsiltimore, and 
another copy was sent l)y the mail to Mr. Fox, Assistant Secretary of 
the Kavy. Mr. Fulton went on to say that his brother did not publish 
thclc>tter until sufficient time had elapsed for Mr. Fox to receive and 
examine the manuscript and telegraph to Baltimore if he objected to 
aiiv portion thereof. Anything written here by Mr. Fulton and 
object^^d to l)y Mr. Fox was stricken out and did*^ not apjxsar in the 
par>er. 

Mr. Fulton had with him document envelopes, with Mr. Fox^s 
printed official address upon them, and, in at least one case, mailed his 
r.otes in one of these envelopes while on ])oard my vessel. 

As this armngement gave Mr. F. a sort of semibfficiai chamcter, and 
as he was living on the Krl<'i<mn^ chartiM'ed its a naval tnmsport, I 
n-iturally inferred that you knew all al)out him, and on mv return to 
Poi't Royal mentioned it incidentally in conversjition with you as a 
matter with which you were familiar. It suii)rised me greatly to find 
that you were ignorant of it. 

On HMiding thoal)ove to Mr. Bartlett I find that his recollection of 
Mr. Fulton's statements perfectly accords with mine. 
Yours, respectfully and truly, 

ClIAS. O. BOUTELLE, 

AsslKtiuit, Coast Survry^ Coiamauilmy U. S, &\ Bibb. 

Hear- Admiral S. F. Du Pont, U. S. Navy, 

Com maud Iny South Atlantic BUtckadimj Squailnm, 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



67 



Hewfpaper dipping from the Baltimore American of April 15, 1863. 

A disgraceful result. 

Off Charleston Bar, April 5, 1863. 
Yesterday was a bright day, but nothing to compare to the clearness 
of the atmosphere this morning. We can see the bruises and indenta- 
tions on the walls of Sumter; the flaffs flying from all the foi-ts, and 
even the smoke curling up from the chimneys of the houses in 
Charleston; the steeples of St. Philip's, St. Michael's, the Cathedral, 
and Grace Church can be recognized, as well as the observatory on the 
Mills House. 

Everything is distinct and clear to the vision this morning, and just 
sufficient wind blowing to carry the smoke rapidly otf if the bombard- 
ment be renewed. 

Fort Pinckney, which is far up in the harbor, opposite the wharves 
of the city, is distinctly visible, with its flag, whilst Fort Sumter 
stands out clearly in the foreground of .this magnificent panorama 

Rebel reconnoissance. 

At 10 o'clock this morning a large rebel ram made its appearance in 
front of Fort Sumter, and turning off toward Fort Moultrie came 
driving down Maffitt's Channel along the base of Sullivan's Island to 
the front of Fort Beauregard; here she stopped for about ten minutes 
to watch the effect on our fleet in the Ship Channel, as well as probably 
also to tempt the wooden gunboats outside to run in and meet her 
under the euns of Foil Beauregard. The ironclads, of course, could 
not get to ner without running around across the bar and they paid no 
attention to her movements. She could have run out and engaged the 
wooden vessels if she had thought proper. 

The UnadiUa^ Canandaigtui^lEhyscUonic^ WhsahlA oii^ and the Huron 
lying all ready to meet her. 

Finding our vessels made no movements, she turned back, and in a 
few minutes glided in behind Sumter again, and moved up toward the 
wharves of the city. 

Sinking of the Keokuk, 

The ironclad Keokuk, as I related in my report of yesterday's pro- 
ceedings, retired from the conflict badly pierced with shot, seventeen 
balls passing through her armor, five of which were below the water 
line. She was with difficulty kept afloat during the night and at 8 
o'clock this morning sank near the end of Folly Island, about 3 miles 
from Sumter. She lies in about 2i fathoms of water, and her smoke- 
stack is visible above the water line. 

Mr. Stimers has made arrangements to blow her up and destroy her 
to-morrow. Her pumps were kept going through the night and hopes 
were entertained until a few moments tefore she sank 9iat she could 
be saved, but she sank very suddenly. 

The officers were unable to save anything except the clothing in 
which they stood. 

The rebels stood on the shore watching her sinking, and it is said 
this afternoon that they are collecting fieldpieces along the shore to 

Erevent any attempt to raise or destroy her. .But she will be destroyed 
y one of Ericsson's torpedoes attached to a raft in front of the Wee- 
Mmiken^ which will destroy her at one explosion bv couuu^f \tv ^oxv\ajcX»» 



58 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



The rowntnj disgraced. 

But now comes the saddest and most sorrowful part of my statement 

The seven Ericsson monitors were all examined this morning by Mr. 
Stimers, inspector of monitoi-s, and with the assistance of his work- 
men had them all in as good condition for service as they were yester- 
day, before noon. 

Half past 1 o'clock was the hour fixed upon for a renewal of the 
bombarament, and officers of the different vessels were all in readi- 
ness and most of them anxious for the renewal of the conflict. The 
order for the movement was momentarily waited for, but the order 
never came. At 3 o'clock it was ascertained throughout the fleet that 
the admiral had decided that "Charleston is impregnable, that Sumter 
can not be taken with the vessels and apparatus placed at his disposal 
by the Government." 

In other words, that the power of the Government is not sufficient 
to humble this nest of rebels. 

Sad conclusion to the man who so decided, and sorrowful to the 
country which trusted in his ability to perform the duty assigned him. 

In conversation with some of the commanders of the ironclads 
>)efore the order was received, I was a^ssured that the walls of Fort 
Sumter were pierced and crushed, and the opinion was expressed that 
in three hours more the fort would be compelled to surrender. Several 
of them testified that their immense shot had entered the embrasures of 
the fort and dismounted the guns, and that the walls were in the most 
shattered condition. Other officers approved the decision of the 
admiral, but they are the same ones who have maintained from the 
first that "Charleston could not be taken." 

The sailors of the fleet, however, were disgusted with the decision 
a d felt themselves disgraced. 

Two hours and fifteen minutes of bombardment, 1 man killed, 7 
wounded, 1 inferior vessel sunk, and the great effort of the country to 
take the foils and public property abandoned as impregnable! 

Oh, that we had a Fari-agut here to take command at once, and do 
what has l)een so weakly attempted by Admiral Du Pont. 

The reason why Charleston has not been destroyed by the ironclad 
fleet, even if Sumter had not been taken, is the dreadful fear that over- 
shadowed the fleet authorities of rel>el torpedoes. Farragut had the 
same to encounter at New Orleans with wooden ships, but he dashed 
into his work and considered that the risk of life was a part of the 
duty of a naval officer; that great risks were necessary to secure great 
results. 

Here, however, the ghosts of rebel toipedoes have for two months 
past pamlyzed the efficiency of the fleet authorities and the sight of 
large beer barrels floating in the harbor of Charleston added terror to 
the overwhelming fear. 

The (lovernment furnished them with india-rur)ber i*afts, cork 
jackets, and everything else that could be contrived to ease their 
minds, but the torpedo phantom has proved too powerful to be over- 
come, and to-morrow the whole fleet will retire to sunnner quarters 
in Port Koyal Ilarlior. 

How not to do it, 

1 have spent nearly tsVo months in this vicinity waiting the slow and 
tedious movements preparatory to the attack on Charleston, and though 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



59 



I hoped for success, I have been convinced from the beginning that 
the great work has been intrusted to incompetent hands. 

Everything has convinced me that if Charleston should be taken it 
would fee more through '^main strength and awkwardness" than from 
anv capacity to accomplish the work. 

The Secretary of the Navy sent down from here appliances to be 
used in removing obstiiictions in the harbor. These rafts and torpe- 
does have been here nearly two months, and the attempt to take 
Charleston has been abandoned without their usefulness bemg consid- 
ered for a moment. One of the rafts was taken in by the V^^ehmijken 
with grapnels attached to it to catch torpedoes, but they refused to 
have the torpedoes connected with it. They were afi-aid the torpe- 
does might kick backward, although they had been experimented with 
and even the raft had not been injured. One of these torpedoes, con- 
taining 700 pounds of powder, would have swept away the obstruc- 
tions in the harbor and enabled the fleet yesterday afternoon to go up 
and boml>ard the city. They were, however, not used, and this great 
national retribution is abandoned. 

C. C. F[ulton]. 



Beport of Bear-Admiral Bn Font, IT. 8. Navy, transmitting charges and specifications of 
charges in the case of Alban C. Stimers, chief engineer, IT. 8. Navy. 

No. 236.] Flagship Wabash, 

Pi/rt Royal Harlx/r, S. (7., May i^, 1863, 
Sir: I have the honor to enclose charges and specifications against 
Alban C. Stimei-s, a chief engineer in the Navy of the United States, 
and to request the Deimrtment to arrest this officer and send him to 
this station for trial, where most of the witnesses are. 

In order to ascertain with more precision the extent of his unofficer- 
like conduct and disregard of truth, 1 was compelled to wait for the 
arrival of the Arago on her present trip. 

Very respectf ullv, your obedient servant, 

S. F. Du Pox\T, 

Rear-Adviiral^ Comdg. South Atlantic Blockading Squadron. 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of the Navy ^ Wa^hington^ D, C, 

[Enclosure.] 

Cliargen and Mperificatiom of charges preferred btf Rear- Admiral Samuel F. Du Pont, 
Cfimmanding S</vth Atlantic Blockading SquadroUy against Chief Engineer Alban C. 
StimerSf U. S. Navy, 

Charge First: Falsehood. 

Specification. — In this, that between the eleventh and fifteenth days 
of April, eighteen hundred and sixty-three, the said Alban C. Stimers, 
a chief engmeer in the United States Navy, being then on board the 
steamship Arago by the authority and direction of Rear- Admiral Samuel 
F. Du Pont, commanding the South Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 
the said Arago being on her passage from Port Royal, South Carolina, 
to New York City, via Charleston Bar, did at the table of said steamer, 
in the presence of officers of said steamer and other persons, a num})er 
of whom were correspondents of the public press, and at diviii^ otVi^\ 



60 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



times during the i^assage of the said steamer, falsely assert, knowing the 
same to be untrue, that he was told bv one or more of the commanders 
of the ironclad vessels engaged in the attack upon the forts and bat- 
teries in Charleston Harl)or on the seventh aay of April, eighteen 
hundred and sixty-three, that the attack of that day ought to have 
])een renewed; and that the}' did further state to him that the said 
ironclad vessels were in tit condition to renew itj and the said Alban 
C. Sthners did fuilher falsely assert, knowing the same to be untrue, 
that several of the commanders of the said ironclad vessels had said to 
him, or in his presence and hearing, that the said commanders were, 
after the attack aforesaid, '"hot for renewing the engagement," or 
words to that etfect. 

Charge Sf.cokd: Conduct unbecoming an officer of the Navv. 

Specijication. — In this, that between the eleventh and fifteenth days 
of April, eighteen hundred and .sixtv-three, the said Alban C. Stimers, 
a chief engmeer in the United States ISavy, being then on board tlie 
steamship Anujo by the authority and direction of Rear- Admiral Sam- 
uel F. Du Font, commanding South Atlantic Blockading Squadron, the 
said Arago being on her passage from Port Roj-al, South Carolina, to 
New York City, via Charleston Bar, did at the table of said steamer, 
in the presence of officers of the said steamier and other persons, a 
number of whom were correspondents of the pulJic press, ana at divers 
other times during the passage of the said steamer, with the intent to 
disparage and injure the professional reputation of his superior officer, 
Rear-Admii-al Samuel l. Du Pont, criticise and condemn, in terms 
unbecoming the circumstances and his position as an officer of the 
Navy, the professional conduct of his superior officer, Rear- Admiral 
Sanuiel F. Du Pont, in the attack upon the forts and batteries in Charles- 
ton Harbor on the seventh day of April, eighteen hundred and sixty- 
three; and did, with the like intent, knowingly make false statements, 
using among other improper and unfounded expressions words in sub- 
stance as follows: ''lhat the monitors were in as good condition on 
Wednesday, the eighth day of April, eighteen hundred and sixty-tliree, 
after they had undergone some slight repairs, to renew the attack as 
they had l)een to commence it the day before; that they could go into 
Charleston in spite of guns, torpedoes, and obstructions, and that Rear- 
Admiral Du Pont was too nuu-h prejudiced against the monitors to be 
willing to give them a fair trial.' 

S. F. Du Pont, 
liear-Admiral, Cimuhj, S<ndh Aihvntic Blockading Sqvadrvn. 
May 12, 18t>3. 

Witnesses: Brigadier-General George II. Gordon, U. S. Army; 
Ilei.ry A. Gadsden, captain of the Arago; Frederick Greautegien, 

)urser of the Arago; Arthur Hughes, chief engineer of the Arago; 

Luis] Fernandez, doctor of the Arago; I. H. Baker, chief officer of 
the Arago; Charles C. Fulton, editor and proprietor of the Baltimore 
American and Connnercial Advertiser; [Joseph] Colwell, of New York, 
builder of one of the ironclads, passenger on the Arago; [Edward] 
Mars, coppersmith, of New York, passenger on the Arago; Commo- 
dore Thomjis Turner, II. S. Navy; Captain Percival Dravton, U. S. 
Navv; Captain John Rodgei-s, U. S. Navy; Captain John L. Worden, 
U. Navy; Commander Daniel Annnen, II. S. Navy: Commander 
Donald McN. Fairfax, U. S. Navy; Commander John Downes, U. S. 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



61 



Navy; Coininandcr Alexander C. Rhind, U. S. Navy; A.ssistant Sur- 
^on Greorge D. Slocum, U. S. Navv; Acting Assistant Paymaster 
A. B. Poor, U. S. Navy. 



Letter from the Secretary of the Navy to Rear-Admiral Dn Font, TT. 8. Navy. 

Navy Department, May 1863. 

Sir: Your several dispatches, with the repoi-ts of yourself and the 
commanding officers who participated in the affair of the 7th of April, 
were dulv received. If the results at Charleston were not all that we 
wished tnere was nmch in them that was gratifying. Brief as was the 
conflict, the fire brought to bear on the monitor vessels was such as 
could have been sustained by no ordinary boats, and demonstrated their 
power of resistance and their adaptation for harbor purposes. That 
the vessels in that engagement should have returned from tne encounter 
with so few casualties and the loss of but one life is certainly remark- 
able, and in itself a subject of congratulation. 

In view of operations elsewhere it was deemed essential that the 
militarjr forces at Charleston and its vicinity should, for a time at least, 
be retained there, whatever might be the termination of the naval 
engagement. Hence my letter* of the 11th and also the telegram \ of 
the ftesident, which you received by the Freehom, and which appear 
to be not only not in unison with 3'our convictions, but have, I am sorry 
to perceive, inflicted pain where none was intended. Nothing was 
further from the pur|)ose of the President or of the Department than 
any censure upon you in those communications. We had not sufficient 
data when they were written to form an opinion of the merits of the 
conflict It would be wrong to say we have not been in some degree 
disappointed, but until the 8th of April the harbor and defenses of 
Charleston were to us a sealed book. We knew little of them, but had 
hoped that you, during the blockade and months of prepamtion, had 
become possessed of their true character. 1 had, it is true, received 
no intimation fromyou that you were thus informed, nor had I, indeed, 
been advised of your opinions and views in regard to the feasibility or 

Erobable results of the demonstrations that were to 1x5 made, but which 
ad been canvassed and fully understood when you visited Washing- 
ton last autumn, and any subsequent movement had, I supposed, your 
concurrence. 1 had not pressed you to be communicative, for to you 
had been confided, as naval commander, the entire management of not 
only the attack on Charleston but the whole oi)erations of the naval 
forces of the South Atlantic Squadron. I dia suppose the attack on 
Charleston had your hearty approval, and honce for nianv months we 
have bent the earnest energies of the Department and ttc service to 
answer your reouisitions and afford vou the necessary assistance, often 
by depriving otner squadrons of that support that was actually neces- 
sary lov their efficiency. Had you at any time expressed an opinion 
against the expediency of an attack or a belief that it would be dis- 
astrous, such was my confidence in you, and my respect for your intel- 
ligence and capability, that I should certainly have reviewed the sub- 
ject, and not unlikely an entirely different arrangement of our forces 
would have been projected. I had supposed there was between us an 



•Seep. 123. 



t^-eep. 132, 



62 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



entire concurrence of opinion, and the expression in your dispatch* of 
the 16th ultimo that you did not advise tnc attack is the first intima- 
tion to the Department or the Government that you, the admiral in 
command, entertained a doubt of either the propriety or expediency 
of the movement. 

I regret that there should not have been entire fmnkness in this 
matter. It was certainly due not only to me, your friend, but to the 
country and the service that you who have, as vou remark, had eighteen 
months' exp(^rience and close study of the military and naval position 
in the tenure of the seacoast within the limits of your command, should 
have given the Department that so implicitly trusted you the benefits 
of your knowledge, observation, and experience. 

I can well suppose that 3'ou may have been reluctant to give an 
opinion adverse to an object that earnestly engaged the attention of 
the Department and of the whole country, yet such were and are the 
relations between us that I had reason personally, as well as oflBcially, 
to expect from you a free expression of your opinions, 3'our views, and 
your judgment on a measure of such transcendent importance. A young 
and inexperienced ofiicer might have been excused for being sensitive 
in such a matter, but an oflScer of established reputation, of mature 
age, whose courage, sagacity, and experience had placed him at the 
head of his profession, and on whose knowledge and judgment the 
Department, as you well know, relied, should not have been back- 
ward in communicating his vicw^s and opinions on a question that so 
materially affected the character of the Navy and the welfare of the 
country. 

I have been disappointed in receiving from you no suggestion in 
regard to future movements since the conclusion you arrived at that a 
purel}' naval attack on Charleston can not l)e successful. Would you 
recommend a combined naval and army movement, and that promptly 
or deliberately, or w^ould you advise an entire abandonment of opera- 
tions against the place and linut ourselves to a mere blockade or the 
harbor ^ Your information and experience ought not, at such a time, 
to be withheld from, but should ])e communicated to the Government. 
There should be no reserve in this matter. We all have a duty to per- 
form, and should give our undivided energies of body and mind, and 
whatever useful information we possess, to the C(>untr5^ 

In a late communication, elaborateh^ refuting a newspaper criticism 
on your proceedings, you express some disappointment that the official 
report of yourself and the officers in command of the ironclad vessels 
have not been published. As no inconsidera>)le portions of those 
reports were devoted to a detail of the imperfections, or supposed 
imperfections, of a class of formida})le vessels of our service, the 
vffvvt of such a pul)lication would have been to discoumge our friends 
and to en< ()urag(» the rebels. This 1 could not do, although the dis- 
paragement of those vessels might have furnished an ample justifica- 
tion, if one were necessary, for the failure to o])tain complete success 
at Charleston. 

I i-egretted there was not a report of the battle which we might 
have published at once, and another and distinct report in regard to 
the turrete<l vessels which we are just bringing into service, and con- 
cerning which it would have been inexcusable to have informed our 
cp.omies. But as the whole subjects were blended in the reports, and 



*Seep. 139. 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



68 



the failure imputed, not so much to the defenses, obstructions, and 
other causes, as to the vevssels which, if not in every rcvspect all that 
was expected, certainly sustained a fire such as no vessels ever before 
encx)untered and escaped, the country is, I conceive, better served by 
omittii)^ for the present their publication. 
Very respectfully, etc., 

Gideon Welles, 

Secretm'y of the Navy. 

Rear-Admiral Samuel F. Du Pont, 

Coitidi/, South Atlantic Blockd<j. Sqiuulron^ Port RoyaL^ S. C. 



Letter from the Secretary of the Navy to Bear-Admiral Dn Font, TJ. 8. Navy, in reply to 

letter dated AprU 22, 186S. 

Navy Department, May 15, 186S, 
Sir: Your communication of the 22d ultimo controverting, com- 
menting on, and refuting the criticism of the Baltimore American, 
which contained some strictures on yourself, was duly received, and 
your dispatch and the accompanying papers are placed on tile, although 
the criticism which called out your remarks is not, for the Baltimore 
American is not even among the, papers which are received at the 
Department. 

The press of the country, as you seem to be aware, has been gener- 
ally lenient and indulgent toward you, and the censures under a great 
disappointment have been comparatively few. That all should not 
have taken the same view of so important a movement and failure is 
not surprising, and that there should have been some harsh and even 
unjust criticism was perhaps to have been expected. 

The injustice of your suspicions and conclusions as regards Mr. Fox 
will appear on the perusal of his letter, a copy of which I herewith 
enclose. I have no doubt that equal wrong is done Mr. Stimers, who 
has never expressed an unkind word or any complaint against you to 
the Department. 

While complaining of the criticism of the Iteltimore papers, you 
express your disappointment that your official report is not published. 
Wnat public benent, let me ask, could be derived from its publicity ? 
You had received both from the President and myself communications 
enjoining upon you to continue to menace Charleston in view of opera- 
tions in other quarters. It must be obvious to you that a publication 
of 3'our letters stating that a purely naval attacvk on Charleston could 
not succeed; that you never advised the measure, representing it as 
utterly hopeless, could be productive of no public benefit, and would 
involve yourself and probably others in a controversy that would be 
in every respect injurious. In a period of such extraordinary activity 
as the jgresent, our officers can be better employed than in explaining 
and repelling newspaper criticism. Their reputation, and that of all 

Eublic men, may be safely left with the people, who will judge them 
y their acts and not by undue commendation of friends or undeserved 
censure of enemies. The country and its welfare, and not merely 
personal considerations, must govern in times like these. 

1 have not published your report.s because, in my judgment, duty 
to the country forbade it. They may justify the failure at Charleston 
and excuse you for abandoning, after a single brief effort^ a pvxY\>o^^ 
that the nation had deeply at heart, and for which t\iei I>c^«iTtaiQiw\» 

V W B—VOL 14 5 



64 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



had, with 3^our concurrence and supposed approval, made the most 
expensive and formidable preparations ever undertaken in this coun- 
try, but such publications could have inspired no zeal among lo^al 
men and woula have encouraged those in rebellion. In abandoning 
the g^eat object for which we have labored for so many months, and 
precipitately withdrawing from the harboi, your motives have not 
been questioned, and I have not deemed it expedient or wise to pub- 
lish to the world your reports of your failure and your hopelessness 
of success. 

Newspaper animadversion and criticism, though often annoying and 
erroneous, can not, be prevented, nor do I know that it is desirable 
they should be, for the public crave information and will comment on 
what so much concerns them. But while the press may comment 
within reasonable limits, it would be an error, to say the least, to 
make an official exposition of the weakness of our national armament 
and defenses, and still more reprehensible to magnify and publish that 
weakness. It has not appeared to me necessarv to your justification 
that the powers of assault or resistance of an ironclad vessel should 
be depreciated, and I regret that there should have been any labored 
effort for that purpose. 
Very respectfully, 

GiDKON Welles, 

Secretary of ih' iVavy. 

Rear-Admiml Saml. F. Du Pont, 

Cmndg, South AtUmtlc BU)ckadin<j Squadrim^ Po^rt Roytd^ S. C. 

[Enclosure] 

Navy Department, May 13^ 186S. 

Sir: Rear-Admii-al Du Font's dispatch No. 208, dated April 22, 
1863, from Port Koyal, contjiins a statement that C. C. Fulton, esq., 
editor of the Baltimore American, went to Port Royal, with the sanc- 
tion of the Department and under an obligation that a duplicate of 
his dispatches was to be sent to me for censorship before publication. 
Mr. Fulton, according to the admiral's statement, seems to have writ- 
ten an account of the late attack upon Fort Sumter and published it 
in the Baltimore American of April 15, where he reflects injuriously 
upon the admiral. 

The facts in regard to Mr. Fulton are these: In March he was 
appointed by the Postmaster-Geneml special post-oflice agent at Port 
Royal, and as such received a permit from yourself to go to that port 
in any supply steamer of the Navy. 

He was not under any obligations to send me his dispatches, nor 
have I seen the article to which the admiral refers, either in manu- 
script or in the Baltimore American, nor have I seen Mr. Fulton since 
the day he applied for the pass, nor have I held any correspondence 
with him or received or seen a copy of his paper. 

I have given Admiral Du Pont my confidence and esteem to the full 
est extent, and the extraordinary insinuations in his dispatch above 
referred to are as unjust to me as they are unworthy of him. 
Very respectfully, 

G. V. Fox, 
Assuftarit Secretary. 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of the Nav^y, 



SOUTH ATLAimC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



65 



Order of the Beeretary of the Havj appointing the memben of the eonrt of enquiry* in the 
eaee of Chief Engineer Btimen, TT. 8. Navy. 

By virtue of the authority contained in the ''Act for the better gov- 
ernment of the Navy of the United States," approved July 17, A. D. 
1862, I hereby appoint Rear- Admiral Francis H. Gregory president. 
Bear- Admiral Silas H. Strineham and Commodore William C. Nichol- 
son members, and £dwin M. Stoughton, esq., judge-advocate of a 
naval court of enauinr, which is ordered to convene at the Marme Bar- 
racks, Brooklyn, N. 1., on Monday, the first day of June, A. D. 1863, 
for the purpose of enquiring into the grounds of the charges, hereto 
annexed and made a part of this precept, preferred by Rear- Admiral 
Samuel F. Du Pont against Chief Engmeer Alban C. Stimers, of the 
Navy. The court will diligentlv and fully enquire into the matters 
embraced in the specifications of the said charges, and report to the 
Department their opinion as to the necessity or propriety of further 
proceedings in the case. 

Given under my hand and the seal of the Navy Department of the 
United States this 21st day of May, A. D. 1863. 

Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of the Nwvy,^ 

Rear-Admiral Francis H. Gregory, U. S. Navy. 



Opinion of the court of enquiry in the oaae of Chief Engineer Stimeri, IT. 8. Navy. 

Naval Lyceum, 
Nanyy Yard^ Neio llrrk, Tiu^sday, October ^0, 186 J. 
Th^ court met pursuant to the adjournment of yesterday. Present, 
all the members and the judge-advocate. 

The court having diligently and fully enquired into the matters 
embraced in the specifications of charges in this case, hereby report 
that in their opinion there is no necessity or propriety of further pro 
ceedings in the case. 

F. H. Gregory, 
Rear- Admiral J Preaident* 

Hiram L. Sleeper, 

Jvdge- Advocate. 



Letter from Bear-Admiral Dn Pont, IT. 8. Navy, to the Secretary of the Navy, replying to 

letter dated May 15, 1868. 

No. 267.] Fi^GSHip Wabash, 

Port Royal Ilarhor, S. May 27, 1S6S, 
Sir: 1 have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of 
the 15th instant, enclosing one from the Assistimt Secretary of the 
Nav2^\ which, vou are pleased to say, will show nie the injustice of my 
suspicions ana conclusions in regard to that gentleman. 

*For proceedinsB of this court of enquiry, s»ee lett<*r from the Swretary of the Navy 
in answer to resolutions of the House and Senate in relation to the *(>]>erations of 
armored vesBels employed in the service of the Uniteil States, dati^l April 14, 18G4, 
and published in 1864 under the title "Report of the Secretary of the Navy in rela- 
tion to armored veasels." 



66 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



I beg leave, most respectfully, to state that in my communication to 
the Department I expressed no such impressions or conclusions as are 
attributed to me. On the contrary, I explicitly declared my belief 
that Mr. Fox had never seen the scandalous account of the action at 
Charleston in the Baltimore American or authorized its publication, 
but I did call the attention of the Navy Department to the fact that this 
account was published over the initials of the editor of the American, 
who was domiciled on board a naval transport and had openly declared 
on this station that his letters to his paper were submitted to the cen- 
sorship of the Assistant Secretary and that he was authoiized to sup- 
press any portion of them to which he might object. Mr. Fox asserts 
precisely that in which I had already formallv expressed my belief. 

I have not troubled the Department with other libelous attacks which 
have appeared in a few journals of the day, and I should not have 
called its attention to that in the Baltimore American had not its editor 
assumed to speak with the concurrence of the Department by pretend- 
ing to submit his letters to the revision of one of its highest officitds. 

Mr. Fox states that Mr. Fulton was under no obligation to send his 
letters from this squadron to him, and that he has never seen the letter 
of which I complained, either in print or manuscript. It is therefore 
to be presumed that the letter was never sent to Mr. Fox, and that 
Mr. Fulton's statement was utterly untrue, and his ostentatious exhibi- 
tion of envelopes with the printed address of the Assistant Secretary 
was only intended to give a false respectability to his correspondence. 
It was the falsely assumed connection of Mr. Fulton with the Navy 
Department of which I complained. Stripped of that, his libels are 
simply deserving of contempt. 

I should deeply regret having done injustice to Mr. Fox, with whom 
I had always hela the most cordial and friendly relations, and I there- 
fore congratulate myself that, in calling the attention of the Depart- 
ment to Mr. Fulton's pretentions, I held tne following explicit language: 

Although I can not doubt from the statements of Captain Boutelle, copies of whose 
letters on the subject I enclose, that Mr. Fulton had engaged to submit his corre- 
spondence to the revision of the Assistant Secretary of the Navy, I desire to state here 
most explicitly that I do not for a moment supiwse he complied with that arranffe- 
ment in this instance. The honor and the hign standing of the naval service of me 
United States, as signally manifested in this war as in other wars, must be as dear to 
the Assistant Secretary as to myself and to my brother officers, ana it is simply impoe- 
sible for me to believe that he should have been aware, before its publication, of the 
infamous statements contained in his letter. 

You are also pleased to say that I seem aware that the press of the 
country has been gcneralfy lenient and indulgent to me. You must 
pardon me for taking exception to this statement. I admit that the 
public press has been genemlly just and generous toward me, but there 
can be no leniency where there has been no offense; and I claim to have 
done my whole duty to the countrj'^ faithfully and skillfully in the 
attack which I made upon the defenses of Charleston, and while 1 
gratefully prize the generous spirit with which my countrymen have 
received this great disappointment, I ask for no leniency. The terms 
in which the Department is pleased to comment upon the expression 
of my regret that the official reports of the attack upon Charleston had 
not been published are not gratifying to me, but it is my duty to sub- 
mit to your decision, and 1 shall offer no further comment upon t^e 
terms in which that decision is conveyed. 



SOUTH ATLAKTIO BLOCKADING 8QUADB0N. 



67 



I desire to call the attention of the Department to its statement that 
I precipitately withdrew from the harbor of Charleston, abandoning 
the great object for which we had labored so many months. This 
charge is a serious one and highly derogatory to my professional char- 
acter. When I withdrew tne ironclad vessels from action on the 
evening of the 7th, 1 did so because I deemed it too late in the day to 
attempt to force a passa^ through the obstructions which we had 
encountered, and I nilly mtended to resume offensive operations the 
next day; but when 1 received the reports of the commanders of the 
ironclads as to the injuries those vessels had sustained and their per- 
formance in action I was fully convinced that a renewal of the attack 
could not result in the capture of Charleston, but would, in all prob- 
ability, end in the destruction of a portion of the ironclad fleet and 
might leave several of them sunk within reach of the enemy (which 
opmion I afterwards learned was fully shared in by all their com- 
manders). I therefore determined not to renew the attack. 

But had not my professional judgment, sustained by all my com- 
manding officers engaged in the attack, decided against f uilher opera- 
tions, I would have felt compelled by the imperative order of the 
Department, dated the 2d of April and received on the 9th, to with- 
draw my vessels. The words of this dispatch I beg leave to recall to 
the attention of the Department. 

The exigendee of the public service are so pressing in the Gulf that the Depart- 
ment directs you to send all the ironclads that are in a fit condition to move after 
your present attack upon Charleston directly to New Orleans, reserving to yourself 
only two. 

Accompanying this dispatch was an unofficial letter from the Assist- 
ant Secretary, giving the reasons for this order and closing with the 
remark: 

This plan has been agreed upon after mature consideration, and seems to be 
imperative. 

These documents were received, as I have stated, on the 9th April 
from the hands of Colonel Hay, the private secretary of the President, 
and three days later I recrossed the bar and proceeded to Port Royal 
to put the ironclads in condition for the new duty assigned them. 

In conclusion, I respectfully submit that there has been no labored 
effort on my part to depreciate the ironclad vessels under my com- 
mand, unless to i-eport their obvious defects and place the Department 
in possession of the result of the experience gained l>y their com- 
manddhi and myself in battle may be so construed. 

To report their defects was not only n)y plain duty, but was also in 
compliance with an order from the Department to tlie commanders of 
the ironclad vessels. I can not, therefore, but express my surprise that 
the Department should have felt authorized to chamcterize the per- 
formance of this obvious duty as a labored effort to depreciate the pow- 
ers of assault and resistance of the ironclads. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

S. F. Du Pont, 
Rear-Admiral^ Comdg. South Atlantw Blockading Squadron. 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secretary qf the Navy ^ Washington^ C. 



68 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



Beport of Bear-Admiral Dn Font, IT. 8. Navy, responding to the Department's letter of 

May 14. 

No. 286.] Flagship Wabash, 

P(yrt Rmfol Ila/rbar, S. (7., June 3, 186S. 

Sib: I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of the Depart- 
ment's communication of the 14th ultimo, informing me of the receipt 
of my several dispatches, accompanied by the reports of the command- 
ing officers who participated in the attack upon the forts at Charleston 
on the 7th of April last. 

The tone of this communication is so different from the one which 
immediately followed it, dated on the 15th ultimo, and to which I have 
already replied by the Arago^ that I desire to answer it more at length 
and to meet the statements of the Department as contained therein as 
fully as may be in my power and with every mark of consideration due 
to its distinguished head. 

I am well aware, as the Department observes, that the results at 
Charleston were not all that were wished for, and I quite agree with 
the Department that there was neverthclesM much in them that was 
gratifying, particularly that the loss of life was so small and that the 
capacity of the ironclads for enduring the hot and heavy fire brought 
to bear upon them, which would have destroyed any vessels of wood 
heretofore used in warfare, was made so evident. But 1 must take 
leave to remind the Department that ability to endure is not a suf- 
ficient element where witn to gain victories; that endurance must be 
accompanied with a corresponding power to inflict injury upon the 
enemy, and I will improve the present occasion to repeat the expres- 
sions of a conviction which I nave already conveyea to the Depart- 
ment in former letters, that the weakness of the monitor class of 
vessels in this latter important particular is fatal to their attempts 
against fortifications having outlying obstructions, as at the Ogeechee 
and at Charleston, or against other fortifications upon elevations, or at 
Fort Darling, or against any modern fortifications before which they 
must anchor or lie at rest, and receive much more than they can 
return. With even their diminished surface they are not invulnerable, 
and their various mechanical contrivances for working their turrets 
and guns are so liable to immediate derangement that in the brief, 
though fierce, engagement at Charleston five out of eight were dis- 
abled, and as I mentioned in my detailed report to the Department, a 
half an hour more fighting would, in my judgment, have placed them 
all hors de combat. ^ 

The Department refers to its order of the 11th April, and to a tele- 
gram from the President, which directed the retention of the military 
forces of the United States near to Charleston, in view of operations 
elsewhere, and the Department states its impression that these dis- 
patches were not in unison with my convictions, and expresses its 
regret that I should have been pained by their nature when nothing 
was farther from the intentions of the President or of the Department 
than a design to censure me in those communications. 

The letter of the Department of the 11th April was unexceptionable, 
but I certainly did consider the telegram of tne President as implying 
a. censure upon myself, and I desire most respectfully to submit, as 
some evidence that such a belief was not unreasonably entertained by 
me, that the President, with great kindness, in a second dispatch, and 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



69 



})cfore he cH>uld have known what irapre88ion his first had made, took 
ot*CHsion to state, niueh to my gratilic*ation, that he had not intended to 
censure nie. 

In regard to the subject-matter of the order of the Department of 
the lltn April, and to that of the accompanying telegram, I desire to 
state here that the order of the Department of the 2(1 April had been 
received by mo on the 9th, and was so imj^erative and so fully explan- 
atory of tfie reasons for making it imperative, that I had, as mentioned 
in my dispatch, No. 267, proceeded on the 12th, as soon as it was prac- 
ticable, to Port Royal with the monitors to put them under repairs 
before sending them to their new destination. The order of the 11th 
and the telegram found me here, in compliance with this previous 
order of April 2. 

It was in reply to this telegram, which I then believed to imply a 
censure upon my action at Charleston, that I deemed it due to myself 
to state that I had never advised the attack on Charleston, and I per- 
ceive the Department has taken especial exception to this expression, 
and has dwelt upon it at considerable length in its letter to whi(;h I am 
replying. A reference to mv correspondence with the Department, 
and more particularly to mv letters to the Assistant Secretary of the 
Navy, will certainly show that I never advised the attack on Charles- 
ton at all, but if made it should be accompanied by a sufficient number 
of troops to insure success, and an inspection of this correspondence, 
which, with the Assistant Secretary, wius constantly maintained and 
which put him and, as I supposed, the Department' also, in full pos- 
session of my views as to every matter connected with my command, 
will relieve me, I feel assured, from the imputation that I did not keep 
the Department sufficiently advised of my opinions as to the operations 
contemplated on this coast; and 1 l>eg to refer to the same correspond- 
ence as containing all the information obtained by me from every 
source in regard to the defenses of Charleston, and if after such infor- 
mation Charleston Harbor continued to be a sealed Ijook to the Depart- 
ment it was equally so to me. 

The Department, in continuing its remarks upon the want of such 
information from me as the admiral commanding, observes neverthe- 
less ^' that the feasibility and the probable results of the demonstrations 
that were to be made had been canvassed and fully understood when I 
visited Washington last autumn.-' 

The honorable Secretaiy will remember how very few words passed 
on the subject between him and myself. It was, however, more fully 
discussed with the Assistant Secretary, who proposed that I should 
return to my station by way of Hampton Roads in order that we might 
fuither canvass the matter, and he accompanied me that far from 
Washington. But nothing was matured, and for the reason that all 
was stiff in the vague future. Not a new iron/.*lad, except the Xtno 
Iromides, was yet nnished, and the original monitor was on the dock 
in the Washington Navy Yard. The defects of the Xetc Tnmi^ldrs were 
glaring, particularly the contracted size of her pilot house and its 
improper location behind the enormous smokestack, shutting out all 
view ahead and most materially interfering with the management 
of the vessel in battle, defects painfully realized in the attack on 
Charleston. 

I remember, however, that in our discussion the confidence of the 



70 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOOKADINO SQUADBON. 



Assistant Secretary in the monitor class of vessels was so profound as 
to lead him to say that one monitor alone would cause the immediate 
evacuation of Charleston, upon which occasion, not entertaining such 
unlimited faith in the powers of those vessels, nor disposed to under- 
rate an enemy, I took the liberty of reminding him that one monitor, 
aided by the Galena and NaugatucJk\ both ironclads, with several 
wooden gunboats, had failed to take Fort Darling, notwithstanding 



The Department will therefore perceive that when I left Washing- 
ton there was really nothing matured, though I was firmly impressed 
with the fixed determination of the Department that Charleston should 
be attacked and that with the ironclads that attack must necessarily be 
successful. 

The powers and adaptability of these vessels were as much a sealed 
book to me sis the defenses of Charleston to the Department, but under 
all the circumstances, to wit, the imperfect knowleage of those defenses 
and of the powers of the ironclads, in which the Department hskl 
expressed unbounded confidence, no officer could hesitate to make the 
experiment, and 1 gave to it my whole heart and energy, not hesitating 
to ask the Department for all the iron(?lads that could be spared, and 
I am happy to say that the Department spared no pains to increase the 
force of those vessels. 

While preparations were making and the completion of the moni- 
tors was going, on, the trials in the Ogeechee took place. As the 
Department is aware, the results here were most discouraging. Two 
attacks successively made by one monitor with gunboats and a mortar 
vessel had no effect on a fort of seven guns protected with piling and 
torpedoes. This was followed by a bombardment of eight hours with 
three monitors, with the gunboats, and three mortar vessels, and, as 
before, with a like result. The injuries to the monitors were exten- 
sive and their offensive powers found to be feeble in dealing with 
forts, particularly earthworks. 

It may perhaps be said that it was mv duty to have placed before the 
Department in more emphatic terms tfcan were used by me the deduc- 
tions to be drawn from those preliminary trials, for if three monitors 
with gunboats and mortar vessels, following two previous trials on 
Fort McAllister with one monitor and the wooden boat**, had fai!(yd to 
reach or take a seven-gun battery, how were eight or nine ironclads of 
all kinds to capture the defenses of Charleston, consisting of continu- 
ous lines of works and forts extending for several miles and mounting 
some hundreds of guns of improved make, and with a more compli- 
cated and more formidable system of obstructions? But as these were 
deductions patent on the perusal of my dispatches, I did not deem it 
necessary to do more than lay all the facts of those trials before the 
Department for its judgment and decision, and in my dispatch No. 41, 
written as early as January 28, 1863, I expressed myself as follows: 

My own previous impressions of those vessels, frequently expressefl to Assistant Sec- 
retary Fox, have l)een confirmed, viz, tliat wliatever dejjreK^ of imjMjnetrability they 
might have, thert» was no corresiwnding quality of aggression or destructivenees as 
against forts. « * * 

Tnis exiK*nnient also convinces me of another impression, firmly held and often 
expressed, that in all such operations, to secure success, troojw are nei^essary. 

These facts, however, seemed not to have changed the views of the 
Department and, in accordance with its previous orders and its well- 




&OTJTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



71 



known determination to effect the capture of Charleston, I determined 
to make the experiment and to risk and possibly lose whatever of pres- 
tige pertained to a long and successful professional career in order to 
meet the necessities of the war and the wishes of the Government. 

The experiment was made and, in my opinion, suflSciently, thor- 
oughly, and conclusively. That it did not succeed in capturing the 
forts and the city of Charleston is a matter of regret as keen and of 
disappointment as j^reat to myself and to those who shared in it as 
can be felt by the Department or hy the country. It was not, how- 
ever, without important results, for it established anew the supremacy 
of artillery in forts as against floating batteries and oonfiniied the 
truth of the opinions expressed by me in my previous dispatches that 
in all such operations to secure success troops were necessary. 

Had the land forces on this occasion been at all adequate to the emer- 
^ncy, the result might have been all that the country desired. With 
vie army in possession of the land approaches to Charleston, the attack 
from the sea could have been push^ to desperation, and the sacrifice 
of some of the ironclad vessels could then nave been prox)erly made, 
as they would not have fallen into the hands of the enemy. But, 
unsupported hy operations on shore, it would have been a most cul- 
pable waste of material upon an unjustifiable, forlorn hope to have 
carried the assault by sea to extremities, with the prospect of leaving 
a certain proportion of the ironclads with the enemy, in condition, 
perhaps, to be raised and repaired by them and afterwards used from 
their interior lines most effectively against the wooden blockaders. 

The Department expresses disappointment at not receiving from me 
sufi;gestions in regard to future movements. 

1 stated to the Department in my first report, on the 8th April, that 
in my judgment to renew the attack would convert a failure into a 
disaster, and that Charleston could not be taken by a purely naval 
attack. In my detailed report of the 15th April I repeated that it was 
wholly impracticable to take Charleston with the naval force under my 
conmiand. 

In making the above declarations without reserve, with a full knowl- 
edge of the responsibility involved, and under a high sense of dutv, 
regardless of conse<|uences to myself, I thought that I would, at the 
same time, be relieving the Department of all embarrassment in refer- 
ence to any immediate movements, and that the Department would 
appreciate my motives in so doing. 

I did not, therefore, make any suggestions, but waited to hear from 
the Department in acknowledgment of my reports, and I deeply regret 
to eay that the long and unusual silence maintained by the Department 
has been to me a cause of very sore disappointment. 

Coming out of a battle of so novel a character as to attmct the atten- 
tion of the world, and being the most momentous event in the service 
of this squadron since its victory in this harbor, the admiral command- 
ing feels that he had a right to look for ordinary official courtesy, if 
not for approval. The Department has declined to let my countrymen 
see my official reports, and to this I submit; but the reasons assigned 
for this course surely did not preclude me from l)eing honored by an 
acknowledgment of the receipt of m}' dispatches in the usual course of 
mail. For such acknowledgment, however, I waited in vain until six 
weeks had elapsed after the battle, and I had the mortification of read- 



72 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADBON. 



ing European comments upon it before I received a line from the 
Department. 

The favorable opportunity for the capture of Charleston presented 
itself when the gunboats first took possession of Stono Inlet and the 
army landed under their protection on James Island, which at that time 
was not strongly fortified. The attack, however, failed from causes 
which it is not necessary to mention here, and the opportunity was 
lost. James Island has been thoroughly protected since that event, 
and the labor upon the harbor defenses has not ceased since the fall of 
Sumter. 

When I stated to the Department that in my opinion Charleston 
could not be taken by a purely naval attack, I have wished to be under- 
stood in the ordinary acceptation of those terms as used in war and as 
conveying the idea of measuring the importance' of the operation with 
its cost. I do not doubt that there is material enough in the country 
to ac»complish this result in time, but nevertheless obstructions in the 
way may be made insuperable, and to take a place it must first be 
reached. 

By a siege, and with the aid of ironclads armed differently from the 
present monitors, whose turrets could be relied upon to continue to 
turn, at least for a few hours consecutively, and sufficient in number 
to relieve the disabled ones, the forts can be gradually reduced so as to 
get at the obstructions which can not be removed at night or during 
daylight by the monitors while under fire, but the Department wiU 
remember how opposed it was to taking Charleston by siege, whether 
from Morris Island or elsewhere. 

The season for such joint cooperation is now passing away, as during 
the summer James Island is said to be too unhealthy for whites to 
remain upon it. This, though bad for the enemy, would be fatal to 
our troops. It is probable, taking into considemtion the number and 
the strength of the fort^i upon James Island, that military science 
would indicate Bull's Bay as the point from which the anny should 
move. This bay was suggested as available for a base of operations 
against Charleston by the board convened by the Department in 1861. 

If a joint operation on a sufficient scale is not to he undertaken at 
this moment, I see nothing to recommend now but to endeavor to 
enforce the blockade of Charleston, which, notwithstanding the pres- 
ence here of a larger force than I have had before it previously, is still 
evaded. 

The safety of the blockading force must also be looked to, and I 
respectfully and earnestly appeal to the Department to contemplate 
the condition of the blocKade of the whole coast from North Carolina 
to Florida. If, as seems probable, it should have to contend with sea- 
going ironclads of the enemy preparing in their own waters and abroad, 
it is to be greatly feared that the monitors will not be equal to the occa- 
sion. They can protect the inside stations, but they are not adapted 
for ocean work, and ironclad vessels that can cruise and keep the sea 
are now absolutely needed. The want of such vessels will be more 
imperatively felt as the events of this war continue to develop them- 
selves, and 1 feel myself greatly hampered at this moment because the 
force under my command, so far as ironclads are concerned, is com- 
posed of vessels whose necessities require them to be kept in smooth 
water. 

But as I have already called the attention of the Department to this 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



78 



subject in a special dispatch, I need not dwell any further upon it at 
present* 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

S. F. Du Pont, 
Rear-Admiral^ Comdg. South Atlantic Blockading Squmron. 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of the Navy^ Washington ^ D. C. 



Lettar from the Bemtary of the "Bmrj to Bear-Admiral Du Pont, V. 8. Havy, expretaing 
regret at the laek of an expUoit nndentanding between them before the attack. 

Navy Department, June 26^ 1863. 

Sir: Your dispatch of the 3d instant. No. 285, was received. Some 
delay attended the acknowledgment of your official report of the dem- 
onstration of the 7th of April, in consequence of my dailv expectation 
of hearing from you in relation to the order of the rresident. A 
prompt response on your part to that order would have prevented 
delay, although your report itself, it should be mentioned, was not 
received until the 20th or April, a fortnight after the occurrence. 

As regards the demonstration of the 7th of April and the circum- 
stances attending it, I do not propose to discuss them, nor would it be 
profitable now. I must repeat my regret that your views were not 
understood by the Department before the event took place, for, had 
thejr been known, matters would undoubtedly have been ordered 
ditferently. 

When you were here last autumn, and Rear- Admiral Dahlgren 
solicited tne opportunity of making the attack on Charleston, I was 
compelled to refuse him, because I supj)osed what he sought as a privi- 
lege you claimed as a right. In the brief interviews that took place, 
our conversations respecting Charleston were general; but I never 
doubted they were frank, cordial, and sincere. The dutv was confided 
to you, who had made the subject a study and had it in nand for more 
than a year. 

With the Assistant Secretary, who has made Charleston a specialty 
and is familiar with all the pomts, having, as you are aware, not only 
visited that place at the commencement of the troubles, but commanded 
the expedition for the relief of Sumter in the spring of 1861, you went 
more fully into particulars, and he, like myself, supposed there was 
entire coincidence of views on the subject. 

It is unfortunate in every respect that there was not a more explicit 
understanding at an earlier period. If prior to the demonstration of 
the 7th of April, you had not confidence in the monitor vessels and 
their aimament, as the Department understands you have intimated 
to others, it is to be regretted that you did not inaKC known your dis- 
trust of their capabilities to the Department itself before any demon- 
stration was attempted. 

Sincerely regretting that any portion of the correspondence which 
the Department has felt compelled to make should have given dissatis- 
faction or caused you pain, 

I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of th^ Navy. 

Bear-Admiral Saml. F. Du Pont, 

Oomdg, South AiUmtic Blockading Sguadron^Port Royal^ 8. CI 



74 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOOKADINO SQUADBON. 

[Telegram.] * 

Secessionville, April 7, 186S — S :16 a. m. 
Increase of three or four vessels since yesterday in Stono; thirty- 
five or thirty -six in all. Weather very thick; obeervation not good. 
Pickets exchanged shots across Green Creek yesterday afternoon. 

C. H. Stevens, ^ 
CcHond^ Comm/JMdmg. 

Captain Nance, 

Assistant Adjutant- Genial. 



Charleston, April 7, 186S — 11 a. m. 
Ten ironclads outside; did not really cross bar, as reported yester- 
day. Twenty -seven vessels in Stono, 5 p. m. yesterday, and fifty-five, 
many of them crowded with troops, in North Edisto at 3:40 p. m. 

G. T. Beaubeqard. 

General S. Cooper. 



Letter ftrom General Beauregard, C. 8. Army, to Captain Tneker, C. 8. Havy. 

Hdqrs. Dept. South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida, 

Charleston, S, April 7, 186S. 
Captain: As it is probable the enemy, for the purpose of explod- 
ing our torpedoes, will precede their monitors with the otie or two 
armed "alligators," the latter must be an easy prey for a few boats of 
the flotilla armed with the spar torpedoes. I would sue^t there- 
fore that three or four of said boats should be stationea in rear of 
Cumming's Point for that special purpose, having it well understood 
with the commanding officers of the forts when to cease firing on 
those "alligators," to enable the boat party to assail them. 
Respectfully, your obedient servant, 

G. T. Beauregard, 

General, Comrrumdrng. 

Captain John R. Tucker, 

Catndg, C\ S. Naval Farces Afloat, Cluirleston, S. C. 



[TelegTBm.] 

Fort Sumter, April 8^ 1863. 
The Keokuk sunk at eight and half o'clock this morning while being 
towed off. The eastern wall badly bruised, but not very materially 
injured. Crushing effect very great. Hands at work repairing dam 
ages. Another monitor just gone off. 

Joseph A. Yates, 
Lieutenant' Colonel, Commanding Post. 
Brigadier-General Trapier. 



80X7TH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING 8QUADB0N. 75 
Seport of Colonel Oraham, C. 8. Army. 

Headquarters, Morris Island, ^Vpril 8, 1863, 
I send parts of a signal book picked up on the beach. Pieces of 
furniture have floated ashore having blood upon them. I also send 
reports of picket guard. 

R. F. Graham, 

Colond^ Coinma7hding. 

Captain W. F. Nance. 



[Telegram.] 

Fort Sumter, AjrrU <9, 1863. 
Signal for guard boat: Red and white Coston light indicaten enemy's 
vessel or "devil" coming in. Blue and red Coston lights indicate 
enemy's boats trying to cut the net. The batteries will open fire with 
grape. 

A. Rhett, 

Colo7iel^ Camvianding, 

Captain [Wm.] Greene, 

Assistant Adjutant- General. 



Charleston, S. C, April 8, 1863 — 11:20 p. m. 
The ^neral commanding is particularly anxious that the rope 
obstruction and the big torpedo snould be closely watched by the boat 
flotilla. 

Thomas Jordan, 

Chief of Staff. 

Brigadier-General R. S. Ripley, 

F&rt Sumter, S. C. 



Report of General Beauregard, C. 8. Army. 

Hdqrs. Dept. South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida, 

Charlatan, S. May 2^, 1863. 

General: I have the honor to transmit with this the report of 
Brigadier-General Ripley, commanding the First Military District, 
South Carolina, of the battle of the 7th ultimo, together with the 
reports of his subordinate oflicers, and of Majors D. B. Harris and 
W. H. Ek)hols, Provisional Engineer Corps. 

The accumulation of the enemy's troops, transports, and ironclad 
vessels at Port Royal during the months of February and March, and 
subsequently in the North Edisto and Stono rivers, having convinced 
me that the long-threatened attack on Charleston was immediately 
impending, every possible precaution was at once made for the exi- 
gency, including tne concentration at strategic points in this vicinit}'^ 
of all available troops for the defense of the several laud approaches 
to the position, and provisions for the further and rapid concentration 

rn this point of lorces from other of the military subdivisions of 
department. 



76 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADINa SQUADBOK. 



On the 5th of the month the enemy's ironclads of the monitor class 
appeared and anchored off the bar, which they crossed on the follow- 
ing day, accompanied by the iron-mailed frigate New Tronddes^ bear- 
ing the admirars pennant. On the 7th of April, in the afternoon, the 
enemy moved foi*ward to the attack in single file, seven single-turreted 
monitors, to wit, Weehawkej}^ CatskUl^ Montaiik^ Nantwhet^ Passaic^ 
Nahant^ and Patapsco; the Keokuk^ with two fixed turrets, and the 
New Ironsides^ the Weehawken leading, the New Ironsides fifth in the 
order of battle. By 3 o'clock p. m. the head of the line had come 
wnthin easy range of Forts Sumter and Moultrie, and Batteries Bee 
and Beauregard and Cumming's Point and Wagner. A few minutes 
later the first gun was fired from Fort Moultrie, and soon the engage- 
ment became general. 

On our side 76 guns of various caliber, including 9 mortars and 16 
smoothbore 32-pounders, were brought to bear on tne fleet which car- 
ried 32 guns of the heaviest caliber ever used in war, to wit, XV and 
XI inch Dahlgren guns and 8-inch rifle pieces. The Weemwken^ in 
advance, provided with a contrivance for catching and exploding tor- 
pedoes, was soon compelled to retire before the iron storm it encoun- 
tered. The Neio Ironsides^ at the distance of 1,700 yards from Fort 
Sumter, was f req^uently struck and was next forced to fall back out of 
range, evidently injured. The Keokuk having meantime approached 
to about 900 yards of Fort Sumter, was quickly riddled, her guns 
silenced, and slie was withdrawn from the fight vitally crippled. The 
remaining monitors, 6 in number, with 12 guns, maintained their fire 
until twenty-five minutes after 5 p. m.. when they, too, retired out of 
range of our batteries, and came to ancnor, 4 of them hors de combat, 
and 1 of them, the Passaic^ so disabled as to make it necessary to send 
her under tow at once to Port Royal. 

On the following morning the full extent of the injury done to the 
Keokiik was shown, as she sunk at her anchors in the shallow water off 
Morris Island. Her armament, 2 Xl-inch Dahlgren guns, 2 United 
States flags, 2 pennants, and 3 signal flags have since been taken from 
her, and tne former are now in position for effective service, substantial 
trophies of the affair. The Neio Ironsides and six monitors remained at 
ancnor within the bar, but out of effective range of any of our works, 
until the afternoon of the l2th of April, their crews and corps of mechan- 
ics visibly and actively employed^ repairing damages and apparently 
preparing to renew the attacK; then, weighing anchor, they all recrossed 
the bar. tne Neio Ironsides to resume her position as one of the block- 
ading neet, and the monitoi-s — 4 of them in tow — to return to Port 
Royal. 

Yov the details of this conflict I beg to refer you to the several reports 
herewith submitted, but it may not be amiss to recapitulate some of 
the salient results. 

The action lasted two hours and twenty-five minutes, but the chief 
damage is reported by the enemy to have been done in thirty minutes. 
The Keokuk did not come nearer than 900 yards of Fort Sumter. She 
was destroyed. The Ne^c Iroimdes could not stand the fire at the 
range of a mile. Four of her consorts, monitors, were disabled at 
the distance of not loss than 1,300 yards. They had only reached the 
gorge of the harbor, never within il, and were baffled and driven back 
before reaching our lines of toipedoes and obstructions, which had 
been constructed as an ultimate defensive resort, as far as they could 



SOUTH ATLAimO BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



77 



be provided. The heaviest batteries had not been oniployed; there- 
fore it may bo accepted, as shown, that these vaunted monitor Imt- 
teries, thou£;h formidable engines of war, after all arc not invulnei-able 
or invincible, and may be oestroyed or defeated by heavy ordnance, 
properlv placed and skillfully handled. In reality tney have not mate- 
rially altered the military relations of forts and ships. 

On this occasion the monitors operated under the most favorable cir- 
cumstances. The day was calm, and the water consequentlj' was as 
stable as of a river. Their guns were fired with deliberation, dou))t- 
le«s by trained artillerists. According to the enemy's statements the 
fleet nred 161 shots, 8 of which were ascribed to the New Irmsldef*^ 3 
to the KeokiiJc^ and but 9 to the Passaic^ which was so badly damaged. 
Not more than 34 shots took effect on the walls of Fort Sumter, a broad 
mark, which, with the number of discharges, suggcots that the monitor 
arrangement as yet is not convenient for accuracy or celeritv of fire. 

Fort Moultrie and our other batteries were not touchea, in a way 
to be considered, while in return they threw 1,899 shots. At t!ie same 
time Fort Sumter discharged 810 shots, making the total number of 
shots fired 2,209, of which the enemy report that 520 struck the differ- 
ent vessels, a most satisfactory accuracy when the smallness of the 
target is considered. This precision was' due not only to the discipline 
and practice of the garrisons engaged, but in no slight degree to an 
invention of Lieutenant-Colonel Joseph A. Yates, First Regiment 
South Carolina Artillery, which had been applied to many of our best 

Suns, and which shall, as fast as possible, be arranged for all the 
eavy ordnance in the Department. By this felicitous device our guns 
were easily held trained upon the monitors, although the latter were 
constantlv in movement, and this with but five men at the heaviest 
pieces. The reports of the engineers herewith will show the precise 
extent of the damaj^e inflicted on Fort Sumter. It is sufficient for me 
to saj' that at the time the enemy quit these waters the work was capa- 
ble of rei»isting as formidable an attack as the one it had just foiled. 

For the casualties of the day, so slight, I must refer vou to the 
reports herewith. Too much praise can not be given to the officers 
and men in all the works engaged for their spirit, gallantry, and dis- 
cipline, which, indeed, I haaa right to expect from the high soldiei*lv 
condition into which these garrisons had neen brought by their offi- 
cers. My expectations were fully realized, and the country, as well 
as the State of South Carolina, may well be proud of the men who 
first met and vanquished the iron-mailed, terribly armed annada, so 
confidently prepared and sent forth by the enemy to certain and easy 
victory. 

To the professional resources, skill as an artillery officer, intelligent 
and indefatigable zeal and assiduity of Brigadier-(Teneral Ripley, com- 
manding the First Militarv District, and especially charged with the 
defense of the harbor, much is due for the completeness of the defense 
and the proud results of the 7th April. He was ably seconded by his 
subordinate commanders, whose services he has fitly noticed in his own 
report. To Colonel A. J. Gonzales, chief of ordnance and artillery, 
and Major D. B. Harris, chief engineer, and Major W. H. Echols, 
Provisional Engineer Corps, and their several assistants I return my 
thanks for valuable services in their respective departments. 

I have also to record mv obligations to the Hon. William Porcher 
Miles, Representative in Congress, for constantly exerted \w 



78 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



securinff for the defense of Charleston so many of the heaviest guns 
wieldea so effectually'. 

The Confedenite States ironclad ships Palmetto State and Chicara^ 
under the voniniand of (.'aptain J. R. Tucker, C. S. Navy, as soon as 
the enemy advanced to the attack, took their positions (previously 
arranged), ready to perform their part in the conflict at the opportune 
moment. 

On the day after the combat, Fiag-OflScer Lynch, C. S. Navy, arrived 
here from North Carolina with an effective detachment of sailor artil- 
lerists, to tender service in any battery. He was assigned to a most 
responsible position, Cumming's Point battery, but was in three days 
thereafter recalled by the Navv Department. 

The flags and trophies sent herewith were taken from the wreck of 
the Keokuk by Lieutenant W. T. Glassell, C. S. Navy. The moro 
material trophies, two Xl-inch Dahlgren pieces, now in battery, were 
recovered, under the supervision of Genei-al Ripley, by the mechanical 
resources and energy of Mr. Adolphus Lacoste, employ^ of the dis- 
trict ordnance department, assisted by parties from the garrison of 
Fort Sumter, under command of Lieutenant S. C. Boylston, and Lieu- 
tenants J. M. Rhett and K. Kemper, First South Carolina Artillery. 

The enemy's land forces, collected in considerable strength on Sea- 
brook's Island and in the transpoils in North Edisto River and on 
Folly, Cole's, and other islands about the mouth of the Stono River 
Inlet, made no attempt to cooperate actively with the naval attack. 

In conclusion, I shall avail myself of the occasion to give as my 
opinion that the best, the easiest way to render Foil Sumter impreg- 
nable would be to arm, conformably to its original plan, both tiers of 
casemates and the barbette with the heaviest guns, rifled or smooth- 
bore, that can be made. 

Respectfully, your obedient servant, 

G. T. Beauregard, 

General^ Cominanding. 

General S. Cooper, 

Adjutant and InspecUn' General^ Richtiumd^ Va. 



Beport of Brigadier-Oeneral Ripley, C. 8. Army. 

Hdqrs. First Military District, 
Department of South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida, 

Charleston^ April 13^ 1863. 

General: Upon the 1st instant the increase of the enemy's force in 
the Stono, and information from North Edisto, gave warning that the 
long-threatened combined movement upon Charleston was about to 
tjike place. Brigadier-General S. R. Gist, commanding first subdivi- 
sion of this district, James Island, and St. Andrew's, took prompt 
measures for the observation and repulse of any attack in that direc- 
tion. Colonel R. F. Graham, commanding third subdivision, occu- 
pied the shore of Morris Island on Light-House Inlet, to control the 
passage from Folly Island, and a strict watch has been kept up to the 
present time on the land movements of the enemy. 

On the 5th the ironclad fleet of the a}x)Iitionists, consisting' of seven 
monitors and one double-turreted vessel, hove in sight from Fort Sum- 
ter, and came to anchor outside, in the vicinity of the Iromidea frigate, 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOOKADINO SQUADRON. 



79 



then a part of the blockading squadron. The 6th was apparently spent 
by the enemy in preparation, and by our artillerists in verifying the 
condition of their material. On the morning of the 7th the enemy 
was inside the bar with all his ironclads, including the frigate, but 
from his proximity to the shoals and the haze of the atmospnere his 
position could not be determined. 

The various works of preparation were progressed with, both on the 
exterior and interior line of defense, until about 2 o'clock p. m., when 
the enemy steamed directly up the channel, the Weehaick^fn^ with a 
false* prow for removing toipedoes attached, leading, followed hy three 
monitors, the Ironsides (flagship), three otner monitors, the Keokuk^ 
double turret, bringing up the rear. 

At each fort and tettery oflicers and men made preparation for 
immediate action, while the enemy came slowly and steadily on. At 3 
o'clock Fort Moultrie opened fire. At five minutes past 3 the leading 
vessel, having arrived at 1,400 yards of Fort Sumter, opened upon it 
with two guns. The eastern battery of Fort Sumter replied. Bat- 
teries Bee, Beauregard, Wagner, and at Cumming's Point opened 
about this time, and the action became general, the four leading moni- 
tors closing up on the Weehmoken and taking position at an average 
distance from the forts and batteries of about 1,500 yards. In accord- 
ance with instructions, the fire from the different points was concen- 
trated upon the leading vessels, and the effect was soon apparent from 
the withdrawal of the leading monitor from action, her false prow 
having been detached and she othei*wise apparentlv injured. 

The remaining monitors, in advance of the flagship, held their posi- 
tion, dii*ecting tneir fire principally at Fort Sumter, but giving occa- 
sional shots at Fort Moultrie (of which the flagstaff was shot away). 
Batteries Beauregard, and Bee. The Immides meantime opened fare 
and drew the attention of Forts Moultrie and Sumter and the Cum- 
ming's Point battery. A few heavy and concentrated discharges 
cau^d her to withdraw out of range, where she was soon followed by 
two other monitors. 

At five minutes past 4 the Keokuk left her consoles and came to the 
front, aporoaching to within 900 yards of Fort Sumter, 1,200 from 
Battery Bee, and 1,000 of Fort Moultrie. Her advance was charac- 
terized by more boldness than had hithei-to been shown by any of the 
enemy's fleet, but receiving full attention from the powerful batteries 
opposed to her, the effect was soon apparent. The X-inch shot and 
7-inch rifle bolts crashed through her armor, her hull and turrets were 
riddled and stove in, her boats were shot awav, and in less than forty 
minutes she retired with such speed as her disabled condition would 
permit. The remaining monitors kept their position for a time, but 
soon, one by one, dropped down the channel and (;ame to anchor out 
of range, after an action of two hours and twenty -five minutes, at 
ranges varying from 900 to 1,500 yards. 

Tne full effect of our batteries upon the enemy could not be pre- 
cisely ascertained, and as our strength had not been entirely put forth, 
it was believed that the action would soon be renewed. The monitor 
which had led into the action, however, proceeded south, outside of 
the bar, on the same evening. 

Before the commencement of the affair I was proceeding in a >)oat 
to Battery Bee, and watched the progress of the cannonade from that 
point. Ihe guns were worked with as much precision as the raii%<^ 
N w B— VOL 14 6 



80 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUABBON. 



would admit. There were no damages or casualties. Visiting Fort 
Moultrie, the damaged flagstaff was being replaced, and everything 
prepared for the renewal of the fire, shoula the enemy approach 
again. One man had been mortally wounded by the falling of the 
staff. Crossing the channel to Fort Sumter, the effect of the impact 
of the heavy shot sent by the enemy against the fort which they are 
so anxious to repossess, greater in cafiber and supposed destructive 
force than any hitherto used in war, was found to have been much 
less than had been anticipated. 

Five men had been mjured by splinters from the traverse, one 
Vlll-inch coluuibiadhad exploded, one X-inch carriage had its rear 
transom shot away, and one rifled 42-pounder had b^n temporarily 
disabled from the effect of recoil upon defective carriages. 

The garrison was immediately set to work to repair damages, and 
the strength of the enemy-s projectiles having been ascertained, to 
guard such points as might be exposed to their effect, should the 
attack be renewed. Cumniinff's Point battery and Battery Wagner 
were uninjured, except from the accidental explosion of an ammuni- 
tion chest in Battery Wagner. 

During the night of the 7th stores were replenished, threatened 
points upon land reinforced, working parties from the Forty-sixth 
Georgia jRegiment brought to Fort Sumter, and the renewal of the 
struggle in the morning awaited with confiden(je. 

Wnen day dawned on the morning of the 8th, the enemy's fleet 
was discovered in the same position as noticed on the previous evening. 
About 9 o'clock the Keokuk^ which had been evidently the most dam- 
aged in the action, went down about 3i miles from Fort Sumter and 
three-fourths of a mile from Morris Island. The remainder of the 
fleet were repairing damages. Preparations for repulsing a renewed 
attack were progressed with in accordance with the instructions of the 
commanding general, who visited Fort Sumter on that day. A 
detachment of seamen under Flag-Ofticer W. F. Lynch arrived from 
Wilmington, and on the 9th teniporarily relieved the artillerists in 
charge of the Cumming's Point battery. The operations of the enemy's 
fleet consisted only in supply and repair. Toward evening on the 9th 
a raft, apparently for removing torpedoes or obstructions, was towed 
inside of the barf Nothing of importance occurred during the 10th. 

During the night of the 10th, Lieutenant-Colonel Dargan, of Colonel 
Graham's command, crossed Light-House Inlet, drove back the enemy's 
pickets with loss, and returneawith 1 prisoner. 

On the 11th there were indications that the attacking fleet was about 
to withdraw; and on the 12th, at high water, the Ironsides crossed the 
bar and took up her position with the blockading fleet, and the monitors 
steamed and were towed to the southward, leaving only the sunken 
Keokuk as a monument of their attack and discomfiture. 

In this, the first trial of the abolition iron fleet against brick fortifi- 
cations, and their first attempt to enter the harbor of Charleston, in 
which they were beaten before their adversaries thought the action 
had well commenced, they were opposed by 7(5 pieces in all, including 
mortars; 37 of these, exclusive of mortars, were above the caliber of 
32-i)ounders. The expenditure of shot against the fleet was 2,229 pro- 
jectiles, of which over 1,600 were over the caliber of 32-pounaers. 
The guns which the enemy brought to bear were, if their own account 
is to be believed, 30 in number, including 8-inch rifled, XI and XV inch 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



81 



|irun8, which would make their weight of metal at one discharge, nearly, 
if not cjuite, equal to that thrown oy the batteries. 

During the action Brigadier-General Trapicr, commanding second 
subdivision of this district, was pi-esent at Fort Moultrie; Brigadier- 



[EncloBtire.J 




General Gist, commanding first subdivision, at Fort Johnson; Colonel 
B. F. Graham, commanding third subdivision, on Morris Island, and 
Colonel L. M. Keitt, commanding Sullivan's Island, at Battery Bee, 
attending to their duties and awaiting the development of the CLttAjCik^ 



82 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOOKADING SQUADRON. 



The action, however, was purely of artillery forts and batteries against 
the ironclad vessels of the enemy, other means of defense — OMtruc- 
tions and torpedoes — not having come into play. Fort Sumter was the 
principal object of the enemv's attack, and^ to that mrrison, under its 
gallant commander, Colonel Alfred Rhett, ably seconded by Lieutenant- 
Colonel J. A. Yates and Major Ormsby Blanding, and all the officers 
and men, special credit is due for sustaining the shock, and with their 
powerful armament, contributing principally to the repulse. The 
garrison of Fort Moultrie, under Colonel William Butler, seconded bj 
Major Baker and the other officers and soldiers, uphela the historic 
reputation of that foi*t and contributed their full share to the result. 
The powerful batteries of Battery Bee were commanded by Lieutenant- 
Colonel J. C. Simkins, and were served with great effect. Battery 
Wagner, under Major C. K. Hugcr; Cumming's Point battery^ under 
Lieutenant Lesesne, and Battery Beauregard, under Captain Sit- 
greaves, all did their part according to their armament. Indeed, 
from the reports of the commanders, it is hard to make any dis- 
tinction where all did their duty with devotion and zeal. Those 
cases which have been ascertained will be found in the reports of the 
subordinate commanders. The steady preparation for receiving a 
renewed attack by the officers and the good conduct and discipline of 
the troops, especially in the garrison of Fort Sumter, where the labor 
was neccssariiv great, have been quite as creditable as their conduct 
under fire. While service in immediate action is that which is most 
conspicuous after such a result has been accomplished, the greatest 
credit is duo to that long, patient, and laborious preparation by which 
our works and material, never originally intended to withstand such 
an attack as has been encountered, have been so resecured as to enable 
our gallant and well-instructed officers and men to obtain their end 
with comparatively small loss. In that preparation, the late Lieuten- 
ant-Colonel Thomas M. Wagner contributed much on both sides of the 
channel, and Colonel Rhett, Lieutenant-Colonel Yates, Major Bland- 
ing, and other officers of Fort Sumter have been more or less engaged 
since the fort fell into our hands, two years since. Colonel Butter, 
Lieutenant-Colonel Simkins, and other officers of the First South Car- 
olina Infantry have been for more than a year engaged at the works 
on Sullivan's Island. Besides these, various officers of engineers and 
other branches of the department staff, known to the commanding gen- 
eral, have been at different times principal contributors in the work, 
and although in the limits of this report it is impossible to mention all 
to whom credit is due, it is well that works like these, without which 
in such emergencies personal gallantry avails naught, should be appre- 
ciated. During the seven days while the presence of the fleet threat- 
ened action, Captain William F. Nance, principal assistant adjutant- 
general on the district staff, performed his difficult duties in the 
a(biiinistration of a command of [a] thousand men in a prompt, judi- 
cious, and efficient manner. He was assisted by Lieutenants H. H. 
Rogers and W. H. Wagner, aid-de-camp. Captain F. B. Du Barry, 
district ordnance officer, was especially active and energetic in the sup- 
ply of ammunition and material for the batteries. He was assisted by 
Lieutenant C. C. Pinckney. Captain B. H. Read, assistant adjutant- 
general; Colonel Edward Man igault, and Lieutenant-Colonel St. Clair 
Dearing, volunteers upon the staff, were present during the action at 
Fort Sumter. Captain E. M. Seabrook, volunteer aid-de-camp, and 



BOUTH ATLANTIC BLOOKADING SQUADBON. 88 

Lieutenant Schnierle, enrolling officer and acting aid-de-camp, were 
generally with me during the active period, and all were energetic and 

Srompt in the discharge of the duties required of them. Captain 
ohn S. Ryan acted on my immediate staff. To Major Motte A. 
Pringle and Norman W. Smith, post and district quartermasters, and 
Captain McClenahan, assistant commissar}'- subsistence, many thanks 
should be rendered. The duties of the quartermaster's department 
were excessiveljr laborious on account of the limited means of tmns- 
portation, and it is a matter of congmtulation that with such means 
they were so well performed. 

The reports of engineer officers will inform the commanding general 
of the condition of the various works as well as of the acts of officers 
in ibst branch of the service. 

I have the honor to transmit herewith a sketch of the position of the 
enemy's fleet at a quarter past 4 o'clock p. m. on the 7th, a return of 
the guns engaged, a return of ammunition expended, a numerical 
return of casualties, and the reports of different commanders. To the 
last I beg respectfully to refer for such infonnation as is not included 
in this report. 

I have also to transmit herewith two abolition ensigns obtained from 
the Keokuk, as she lies off Morris Island beach, by Lieutenant Glas- 
sell, C. S. Navy, one of which is evidently the ensign under which 
she fought and was worsted. None of the ironclads flew large flags 
the object having doubtless been to avoid presenting a mark to our 
artillery. 

1 have the honor to be, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

R. S. Ripley, 
Brigadier- Gene7*al, Ccnnmanding. 

Brigadier-General Thomas Jordan, 

Chief of Staffs Dept. of South Carolina^ Georgia^ and Flo^rida. 



B«tani of ffuui and mortan at forts and batteries in Charleston Harbor, engaged AprU 7, 

1868. 



Fort or battery. 


X-inch 
colum- 
biad. 


IX-inch 
Dahl- 
gren. 


7-Inch 
Brooke. 


Vm-Inch 
colum- 
biad. 


42- 1 32- 
poundcri pounder 
rifled. 1 rifled. 


82- 
poundcr 
smooth. 


X-inch 
mor- 
tars. 


Grand 
total. 




4 


2 


2 


8 
9 
1 
1 


7 1 1 
6 


13 
6 


7 
2 










5 










Battery Beauregard. 
Battery at Cum- 






1 i 








1 


1 




1 














1 








Total 


















10 


3 


2 


19 


'1 • 


18 


9 


76 



84 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING 8QUADB0N. 



Beturn of smmunition expended in aetion, April 7, 1863. 





Shot, mund. 


nouad. 


Shot, fifle. 




Tuben. 


Pow- 
der^ 


k 

h 

B 


i 

> 


a 
^-^ 


1 


1 


is 

!1 
ii 

HI 


1 


; 

1 




it 

"a 

1 


1 


1 

1 


1 

1 




130 


270 


M 


10E» 


1 40 
5L 




a& 




SI 






1.M7 

afio 

1*7 

7a 


n 




IS 


i«ai 


itttiiitSaft.^.. 


m 
























32 
























T 




BuMfV if fwntiilOi'i 




SB 






















2 














m 


m 




JHt 










m 


« 









Setnrn of oainaltiei in aetion. 







Wounded. 


Grand 
total. 




Fort or battery. 


Killed. 


Mortally. 


Dangrcr- 
ously. 


1 

Severely.: Slightly. 

1 


RemarkB. 










1 


4 




SpUnterB from traverse, 
nai of flagstaff. 
Explosion of ammuni- 
tion chest. 






1 










Battery Wagner . . . 


8 






2 


8 














Total 


3 


1 




3 


7 


14 



















Beport of Major Harris, C. 8. Army. 

Office of Chief Engineer, 

Charleston ,, S, April £3, 1863. 

General: In compliance with instructions, Major Echols has made 
a report in detail of the engagement on the 7th instant of the enemy^s 
ironclad fleet with the forts and batteries commanding the outer har- 
bor of this cit^', which I have the honor to hand vou herewith. 

This report is based upon information derivea from the command- 
ing officers of the forts and batteries engaged in the fight and upon an 
examination, in company with myself, of those works on the 8th and 
9th instant. 

The fire of the enemy was directed chiefly against Fort Sumter, at 
a distance of from 900 to 1,500 yards. The mjuries to the fort, of 
which the tables and drawings accompanying Major Echols' report 
give en accurate description, were not of a character to impair its effi- 
ciency. The crushing effect of the enemy's heavy missiles was less 
than I had anticipated. The chief damage was probably caused by the 
explosion of shells against and in the walls of the fort. 

The manner in which the fort withstood the bombardment is a mat- 
ter of congratulation, and encoui-ages us to believe that the repairs 
that have been made, and the measures now in progress to stren^Jien 
and protect its walls, will enable the fort to withstand a much more 
formidable bombardment with like good results. 



SOUTH ATLANnO BLOOKADING SQUADBON. 



85 



Of the other works engaged, none of which attracted much of the 
enemy's attention, only one — Fort Moultrie — received any damage, and 
that was very trivial. 

Fort Moultrie, Battery Wagner, and Cumming's Point battery fired 
upon the fleet at a distance of from 1,200 to 1,500 yards; Batteries 
Biee and Beauregard at a distance of from 1,600 to 2,000 yards; too 
far, in the case of the latter-named batteries for useful eifect against 
ironclads. 

Our batteries were admirably served bv our skilled artillerists. 
Much of the rapidity and accuracy with which our hea\'y guns were 
tired was due to the use of Colonel Yates' travei-ser, with the merits 
of which the general commanding has been fully impressed. 

Our batteries discharged about 2,200 shot of all soils; the enemy's 
fleet about 110, chiefly XV-inch shell and Xl-inch solid shot, not less 
than 80 of which were directed at Fort Sumter. 

The sinking of the Keokuk and the discomfiture of other ironclads 
has established their vulnerability to our heavy projectiles at a range, 
say, of from 900 to 1,200 yards. 

It appeared, on an examination of the wreck of the Keokuk^ on the 
16th instant, by Lieutenant Boylston, confirmed in the main by mv own 
observations on the 19th instant, that her turrets within 4^ feet oi their 
tops had been pierced by four X-inch shot and one 7-inch rifle shot, and 
a wrought-iron Brooke lx)lt had penetrated seven -eighths of its length 
and stuck in the plating. Several severe indentations were also ob- 
sen^ed, near which the plates were warped and the bolts broken or 
started. The top of the smokestack (of sheet iron) was very much 
torn, and the bottom of it (of similar structure to the turrets) pierced 
by a X-inch shot. The vessel having sunk in 13 feet of water pre- 
vented an examination of the lower portions of her turrets or of her 
hull, which no doubt were served in like manner. From this it would 
appear that the X-inch shot are just as effective at the distance, say, of 
900 yards, as the 7-inch Brooke bolts against such structures as the 
turrets of the Keokuk. 

The result of this engagement is highly gratifying and increases our 
confidence in our ability, with good lotteries of suitable guns, to con- 
tend successfully with vessels of the monitor class. The enemy's evi- 
dent and jast dread of torpedoes, as evinced in his preparation for 
their explosion by the "devil," or torpedo searcher, should induce 
us to multiply our defenses of that character in whatsoever manner 
they can be miade available. 

I have the honor to be, yours, very respectfully, 

D. B. Harris, 
Majipv and Chief of Engineers. 

Brigadier-Greneral Thomas Jordan, 

Chief of Staff. 



Baport of Major Echols, C. 8. Army. 

C. S. Engineers' Office, 
Charleston, S. April 9, 1863. 
Major: 1 have the honor to make the following report of the engage- 
ment between Fort Sumter and the enemy's ironclad fleet on uie 



86 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



7th April, 1863, at 3 o'clock p. m., lasting two hours and twenty -five 
minutes: 

The incidents which transpi red during the engagement are based upon 
information received from tne officers in charge of the works, but more 

Particularly from the observations of Colonel Rhett, commanding Fort 
umtor, and Lieutenant S. C. Boylston, adjutant First Regiment South 
Carolina Artillery, who made special obser\'ations during the whole 
action; the remainder from personal inspection afterwards. 

Forts Sumter and Moultrie, Batteries Bee, Beauregard, Cumming's 
Point, and Wagner were engaged. The fleet consisted of the Iron- 
sides^ supposed armament 16 guns; the Keokuk^ 2 stationary turrets, 
carrying 1 gun each; and 7 single revolving turreted vessels, carrying 
(supposed) 2 guns in each, presumed to be the Montauk^ Passaic^ Wee- 
fiawKen^ Pataj)sco^ JVa/umt, Catskill^ and Nantucket^ which took posi- 
tion from 900 to 1,500 yards from Fort Sumter. 

They steamed up main Ship Channel toward Fort Moultrie in line of 
battle as. follows: Four single turrets. Ironsides^ three single turrets,. 
an(l Keokuk^ following one after the other at intervals of about 300 
yards, the foremost one moving slowly and currying on her prow the 
"devil," or toipedo searcher, a description and drawing of which is 
appended. When within 2,200 yards, Fort Moultrie fired the fii*st sun 
upon her, near buoy No. 8, then distant about 1,500 yards from Fort 
Sumter, which had previously trained her battery of barbette guus 
upon the buoy, and opened fire by battery when she reached that posi- 
tion, at three minutes past 3 o'clock. 

The first turret opened fire at five minutes past 3 and moved back- 
ward, thus developing their maneuver of attack. At this moment the 
engagement became general. The second turret passed the firat, fired, 
moved backward; the first moved forward, passed the second, firea 
and backed, then retired from action, the otncr turi'ets maneuvering 
in the same relative manner, each time nearing or receding a little . 
from the fort in order not to present a permanent target 

The Ironmdcs^ when at 1,700 yards from Fort Moultrie and 2,000 
yards from Sumter, stopped, discharged a battery at the former, when 
Sumter concentrated a heavy tire upon her. Numbers of shot were 
seen to strike her and several to penetrate, three, at least, in her wooden 
stern. Deeming 2,000 yards too close quarters, she retired out of 
range, supposcoly injured, in favor of less prominent and more for- 
midable imps, after an engagement of forty-five minutes. The Keo- 
kuk^ at five minutes past 4, defiantly turning her prow directly toward 
Sumter, firing from her forward turret gun, the batteries of Sumter, 
Moultrie, liee, and Cumming's Point wei*e concentrated upon her, her 
turrets receiving numbers of well-directed shots, several apparently 
penetrating, showed evidence of considerable damage. When within 
900 yards she was struck, supposed by a wrought-iron bolt, 117 pounds, 
from a 7-inch Brooke rifle, en barbette, near ner bow, penetrating and 
ripping up a plating about 6 feet long and 2^ wide, wnich ended her 
career. She stopped, seemed disabled for a few minutes, then turned 
to the channel and proceeded toward the bar at forty -five minutes 
past 4. She sank off the south end of Morris Island at half past 8 
o'clock the following morning. Her smokestack and turrets are now 
visible at low water. From her wreck floated ashore a book, a spy- 
glass, and pieces of furniture l>espattered with blood and small fiBg- 
ments of iron sticking in them. 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQCADRON. ' 87 



The firing of the turrets was timed. They discharged generally at 
intervals of ten minutes. The engagement lasted two hours and 
twenty-five minutes. Allowing six of them constantly enraged, they 
delivered 87 shots. One fired twice and retired. Tfhe Keokuk fired 
three or four times and the Ironsides about seventeen, making the total 
number fired by the enemy about 110, which were principally directed 
at Sumter. Her walls show the effect of 55 missiles, shot, shell, 
and fragments. The carriage of a X-inch columbiad on western face 
was completely demolished by a shot coming over the parapet; a 
42-pounder rifle on northeast face dismounted \)y breaking a traverse 
wheel; both soon remounted in position; four small holes knocked in 
the roof of the eastern quarters by grazing shots. An V Ill-inch colum- 
biad burst on the eastern face, throwing the chase and half the rein- 
force over the parapnet, the other half over the quarters in the parade, 
demolished the carriage, but did no other damage. Nearly all the 
window panes and some of the sashes in the fort were broken by 
concussion. 

^ The accompanying table of effects of shot and sketches of the eleva- 
tions of the faces snow the points of impact, the kind of projectile 
used, so far as could be ascertained by inspection and found. They 
were principjally XV-inch shells and Xl-incn shot. The nature of the 
material^^inst which they were projected, crumbling genemlly with- 
out retaining an impression, Drecludes any positive information as to 
their exact kind or caliber. Only a few were evident. To the best of 
my judgment, according to the effect, eight XV-inch shells struck the 
faces. Two of these penetrated the wall of the eastern face iust below 
the embrasures in the second tier, next to the east pan-coupe, not seri- 
ously damaging the masonry; one, exploding in the casemate, set fire to 
some bedding; the other passed through a window and burst in the 
center of the fort. Several exploded in contact with the wall, by which 
the principal craters appear to have been formed; one passed over the 
parapet into the quarters on the western side, exploded, damaging sev- 
eral walls; five Xl-inch shot struck the faces, one penetrating near one 
of the same embrasures pierced by the XV-inch shell, broke through 
and stuck into the interior wall of the quarters; only one impression 
represented any appearance of a rifle projectile. One XV-inch solid 
shot, one XV-mch hollow shot, several AV-inch shells and Xl-inch 
shot were found in and around the fort; fragments of XV-inch shells 
were picked up on the outside. The berme being very narrow and slop- 
ingj preventea any means of ascertaining, by the bodies themselves, 
their kind, all being precipitated into the water after striking. It is 
reported also that several shrapnel were fired over the barbette guns 
of Sumter. Some of the shells which exploded in contact with the 
wall may probably have been percussion rifle shells, as some of the 
turrets are known to carry 8-incn rifles, but no fragments were found, 
nor do any of the officers report indications of rifle projectiles by 
sound or otherwise, with but one exception. The commanding officer 
of Battery Wagner reports one by sound to have passed over, fired by 
the Ironsides. Nine snots were fired at Moultrie at distances — of tur- 
rets, 1,300 yards: of Ironsides^ 1,7(K) yards. An Xl-inch shot struck 
down the flagstaff at thirty-seven minutes past 3, passed through the 
roof of the quarters, penetrated the wall of the ordnance storehouse, 
about 2 feet thick, ana dropped in the room; another struck the glacis 
and ricochetted over the fort; a third, a XV-inch shell, burst at the 



88 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING 8QUADB0N. 



water's edge, a fragment of which was found; the others passed over. 
Five shots were fired at Battery Bee without effect, at a distance of 
about 2,000 3'ard8. One fell behind the breakwater; another passed 
along the front of the battery and burst; the others passed over. Six 
or seven were fired at Battery Beauregard at a distance of 2,000 yards, 
without effect; two Xl-inch shot were found. Two were fired at Cum- 
ming's Point without effect; one at 1,200 or 1,300 yards, from Iron- 
sides^ the other at 1,400 to 1,500 yards, from a turret. Four were 
fired at Battery Wagner; one from Ironsides sounded like a rifle shot 
passing through the air; one gmzed top of traverse; another exploded 
over the battery, sending a f mgraent into a traverse. 

A single turret, which fired her two guns simultaneously, ceased to 
fire, one of them at about 4 o'clock, half of the port being closed the 
remainder of the action; cause not visible. They were frequently 
struck upon their decks, and several shot were seen sticking in the 
hull of one of them, and from another steam issued when struck upon 
it. A cast-iron bolt (rifle 42) struck a leveled plate or guard around 
the base of a turret, which curved and turned one end up. 

The projectiles generally broke in pieces, as could be seen by frag- 
ments lalling in the water, or bounded from the vessel. One, after 
striking, was observed to drop and rest at the foot of the turret. Sev- 
eral of the smokestacks were penetrated. 

A lookout appeared on top of one of the turrets, apparently observ- 
ing the effect of the shot; at the flash of a battery from Moultrie he 
instantly disappeared. 

The casualties are slight. At Sumter 5 men were wounded by frag- 
ments of masonry and wood. One of the negroes engaged at wore 
at the fort, who was sitting on the berme of the western face, was 
wounded by a brick knocked from the parapet and falling upon his 
head. 

At Moultrie 1 man was killed by the falling of the flagstaff when 
shot away. 

At Battery Wagner an ammunition chefit in the angle of the para- 
pet and traverae, in the chamber of the 32-poundcr, exploded from 
the blast of the gun, killing 3 men, mortally wounding 1, slightly 
wounding Lieutenant Steedman, in charge of the gun, and 8 men; 
blew them a}x)ut 20 feet, cra(;ked the traverses, threw the shot from 
the pile of balls in every direction, and slightly damaged the chassis. 

I arrived at Fort Sumter about 2 o'clock at night after the engage- 
ment and found Mr. E. J. White, of the Engineer Department, busily 
engaged building in the C4ise mates, first ana second tiei^s, l)ehind the 
damaged walls, with sand bags; several of them were completed and 
considerably strengthened. This work was continued all night and 
the next day by the garrison and the fifty negroes who had been 
employed at the fort and remained during the engagement. On the 
following morning the fleet lay inside the Imr, in flie same line of 
battle in which they approached, the first one about 2i miles from 
Sumter and 1\ miles from Morris Island. Men were visible all day 
on the turret of one hammering, evidently repairing her plating. 
Wind sails were set, indicating that their Quarters, even at this season 
of the year, were uncomfortaole and badly ventilated. About noon 
one of the turrets went south, prolwbly to Port Roval for repairs, or 
for the security of that place against our ironclads from Savannah. 



SOUTH ATLAliTIO BLOOKADING 8QUADB0N. 



89 



The Ironsides has kept up a full head of steam sinoe the engage- 
ment, as can be seen by her constantly blowing off. Three holes are 
distinctly seen in her stern, two just above the water line. 

The "devil" floated ashore on Morris Island; the cables by which 
it was attached to the turret's bow were cut away. It is probable that 
the devil" becoming unmanageable, was the cause of the. turret 
retiring early from the action, it being a massive structure, consisting 
of two layers of white-pine timbers, 18 inches square, strongly bolted 
together; a reentering angle 20 feet deep, to receive the Ik)w of the 
vessel, 50 feet long, 27 feet wide; a layer of beveled timbers on the 
front, forming a tow, seven heavy iron plates, through which passed 
chains directly down and over the sides, through hawse pipes; to 
these were attached grappling irons with double {prongs, suspended 
underneath, at the sides and dow; in the countersinks of the plates 
were loose iron rollers, apparently to facilitate the drawing of the 
chains through the holes over them, when the gr^pplings took hold, 
to drag up to the "devil" whatever ne may c»tcn with his hooks. 

The colors of the six turrets remaining on the 8th are as follows: 

First turret, lead color; stack, lead color; top of stack, red, with 
black ring. 

Second turret and stack, black. 

Third turret, black; stack, white: top, green. 

Fourth turret, black; stack, black; top stack, one-third lead color. 

Fifth turret and stack, lead color. 

Sixth turret and stack, black. 

The hull of the turret in running trim stands about 2 feet above 
water level, carrying a whistle, stovepipe, and stanchions for swinging 
a small boat on deck, with a light railing around it. When cleared 
for action she is submerged almost to the water level; the other articles 
all removed flush with the deck, the issue of steam from the deck sev- 
eral times observed, if not from injury, is probably from the blowoff 
pipe, taken down flush, as she can not carry it, as. other vessels, on her 
siaes. 

I accompany the report with a sketeh of the battle ground, show- 
ing the relative positions of the forts and fleet: one of the faces of 
the fort, showing parts damaged; one of the Keokuk'* one of a turret 
submerged for action, and one of the "devil." 

Very respectfully, your most obedient servant 

William H. Echols, 

Major^ Engineers. 

Major D. B. Harris, 

Chief Engineer Deptirtinent, 



* Not found. 



90 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOOKADINO SQUADBON. 



[Enclosure No. 1.] 

PUm of the approach and niUtck on Fort Sumter by tlif Federal ironclad fleet, April 7, 2S6S. 
[Drawn to accompany engineer report.] 



Scale of Miles 




SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 93 




SccuZe, 



94 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADBON. 



Table 

[The numbers correstpond 



No. Pnijectile. 



10 



Fraj^ent.KhcIl . 



XV-lnch 

Xl-inch 

XV-inch 

Fragment, sliell . 



3 shots. 



XV-iufh. 



11 Frairnicnt, shell . 

12 XV-inch 

IjFragment. shell . 
16 



XV-ineh. 



XV-inch. 



XMnch . 

24 

25 XV-inch.... 



2fi 
27 
28 
29 
30 
31 
32 
33 
U 
3ft 
36 
87 
38 
89 
40 
41 
42 
43 
44 
46 
46 
47 
48 
49 



60 
61 
52 

63 

54 

66 



Xl-inch . 



XV-inch. 
Xl-inch . 



rrajfmcnt, sliell . 

*xv-'inJh 

Fmjfinent. shell . 



|FmKmeni, vhi-ll . 
Xl-inch 



Xl-inch . 
XV-inch. 



Xl-inch . 



[Encloftures.] 

of effexis of jrrojcciU4:^ on walU of Fori Sumter. 

with those on drawing of elevations, showing the locations of points of 
impact.] 



Pene 
tration. 



Ft. in. 

2 
6 

2 3 



Crater. 
Height. I Width. 



Ft. in. 



' 
3 1. 



4 



3 
1 



1 I 

2 6 ' 



.1 2 3 



2 
10 



6 



Ft. in. 



1 G 



1 



1 :i 

1 r> 

3 

1 

1 r, 



3 



3 I 

:i o! 



3 ' 
ft ' 



3 
1 



2 

3 i 

4 



1 4 

1 

2 1 



1 
6 



10 
4 
*2 

1 

2 1 
10 

1 2 



2 I 



ft 



3 

2 i\ 

3 



2 6 ' 

H 

2 , 

1 I 

i I 

1 {) 

i . 

1 6 




1 ft I 

2 « I 



4 



Kemarks. 



Scaled. 
Do. 

Embrasure A, exterior, concrete keystone, and 
interior embrasure arch knocked out; ma- 
sonry cracked. 

Assisted No. 8; spent. 

Penetrated concrete and new masonry facing. 

I Ri<>ochet and spent. 
' Scaled. 

' Apparently rifle shot; no serious injury. 
1 XV-inch: other 2 not known. Parapet wall 



4 



3 



3 



cracked 25 feet in length: serious oamage; 
perhaps by exploding snell. 
Interior arch of embrasure B dislocated; 
masonry between piers and embrasure badly 
shaken and projecting. 
Scalec* 

Shook masonry. 
Scaled. 

Interior embrasure C arch broken, masonry 

cracked. 
Perhaps exploding shell. 
Scaled; spent ball. 
Masonry shaken. 

Exploding shell on pier, not much internal 

injury. 
No serious injury. 

Masonry around embrasure D badly cracked 

and projecting inside. 
Penetrated, strikini; head of arch and thrown 
upward, tearing away a quantity of masonry, 
not seriously damaging body of masonry; 
exploded in casemate. 
Same effect as 22; destroyed embrasore E. 
Not seriously damaging body of masonry. 
Same effect as 22; destroyed embrasure F; ex- 
ploded in parade. 
Scaled, richochet. and spent. 
No serious damage. 
Do. 

Serious damage; wall not much cracked. 
Scaled. 

Knocked off 1 foot of angle. 
Knocked off 6 inches of angle. 
Oblique fire; scaled. 
Scaled. 

Shook masonry. 

Broke and projected insole of embrasure G. 
Ver^obliquo fire; no damage. 

Do! 
Do. 

Exploding shell. 
Oblique, scaled. 
No serious injury. 

S<-aled. 

..." Scalwl; very oblique. 
I Exploding shell, cracked parapet wall. 
... K nocked out iron embrasure slab 1 foot wide, 6 
inches thick, 3 feet long; indented it U inches 
and broke it in 8 pieces; shook masonry. 
6 No serious injur>'. 
Brick traverse, east pancoup^. 
. . . Entered western quarters and exploded, dam- 
aging walls. 

... Entered western quarters and remained in 
quarters. 

... Demolished X-inch columbiad carriage and 

chassis in southwest angle. 
... Struck end stone masonry berme southeast 

angle; four small holes knocked in brick 
I arch roof of eastern quarters by giadng shots 

or fragments from traverse. 



William H. Echols, Mafor^ EngineerB. 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



95 



Tabu showing the number, kind, and position of gum in actiim and number and kind of 
projectiles used against the ironclad fled. 



Locatfon. 



No. 



Fort Sumter, 810 shots: 



East and norttaeant facess 
barbette. 



Fint tier caaemate 

Second tier casemate . 

Fort Moultrie. 868 shots. 



Battery Bee, 283 shots 

Battery Beauregard, 157 shots. 

Cnmming's Point, 6& shots 

Battery Wa^er, 26 shots 



Kind of guu. 



i'rojcctile. 



I. 



-r 



7-in(.'h Rmokc rifles 

X-inch L*olumbiad8 

Vlli-inch columbiadtf 

'12-pounder rifles 

I X-inch Dahlgrens 

X-inch sea coast mortars. . . 

Vlll-inch shell guns, Navy. 

do , 

32-pounder8 | 

42-poundcr rifle : 

Vlll-inch columbiads ! 



32-pounder riflcH 

32-pouiiderH 

X-inch seacoast mortars . 

X-inch columbiads 

VIII- inch columbiad 

Vlll-inch columbiads 

32-pounder rifle 



Shot. 



X-inch columbiad. 
IX-inch Dahlgren. 
32-pouiider rifle . . . 
24-pounder rifle . . . 
32-pounder8 



Wrought-iron bolls 

Solid shot 

do 

Shot and bolls 

Shot 

Shells filled with melted 
iron. 

Shot 

do..^ 

do 

do 

Shot and 5 incendiary 
shells. 

192 bolts, Ii8 shells j 

Shot I 

Shells 

Shot 

do ' 

do I 

41 bolts, 75-i)ound,45shot 

7 shells 

Shot 

Shells 

do 

do 

Shot 



Number of guns, 69; total number shots tired, 2,209. 

Wm. H. Echols, 
Major^ Engineers. 



Beport of Ck>lonel Shett, C. 8. Army. 

Headquarters First South Carolina Artillery, 

Fort Sumter, Apnl 13, 1863. 
Captain: I have the honor to make the following report: 
The abolition ironclad fleet, consisting of the frigate Neio Ironsides 
and eight monitors, appeared in sight on Sunday morning, April 5, 
instant, crossed the bar the same evening, and anchored in the main 
Ship Channel. 

At 2 o'clock p. m. April 7, instant, the whole ironclad fleet advanced 
to the attack in the following order, viz: Four monitors were in the 
advance, led by the Passaic, the frotisiden came next, followed by three 
other single-turreted nonitors, and the Keokuk, a double-turreted mon- 
itor, bringing up the rear. 

At thirty minutes past 2 p. m. the long roll was beaten, and every 
disposition made for action. 

At fifty-five minutes past 2 p. m. the garrison, regimental, and pal- 
metto flags were hoisted and saluted by thirteen guns, the band playing 
the national airs. 

At 3 o'clock p. m. the action was opened by a shot from Fort 
Moultrie. At three minutes past 3 p. m., the leading vessel having 
approached to within about 1,400 yards of the fort, she tired two shots 
simultaneously; one a XV-inch shrapnel, which burst; both passed over 
the fort. The batteries were opened upon her two minutes later, the 
firing being by battery. The action now became general, and the four 
leadmg monitors taking position from 1,300 to 1,400 yards distant, the 

N W B— VOL 14 7 



96 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOOKADINO SQUADRON. 



fire was changed from fire by battery to fire by piece, as being more 
accurate. The fire by battery was again resumea as occasion offered. 

The Ironsides did not approach nearer than 1,700 yards. ^ The whole 
fire of the batteries engaged was concentrated on the Passaic for thirty 
minutes, when she withdrew from the engagement, apparently injured. 
The other ships, each in its turn, received our attention. The fire of 
both Fort Moultrie and this fort being now directed against the 
Ironsides^ she immediately withdrew out of effective range. The 
other turreted monitors came under our fire in like manner as the pre- 
ceding, slowly passing in front of the fort in an ellipse; one only, the 
last, approaching_to about 1,000 yards. 

At five minutes past 4 p. m. the Keokuk left her consorts and 
advanced, bow on, ^llantly to within 900 yards of our batteries. She 
received our undivided attention, and the effect of our fire was soon 
apparent. The wrought-iron bolts from 7 -inch Brooke gun were plainly 
seen to penetrate her turret and hull, and she retired in forty mmutes, 
riddled and apparently almost disabled. 

At twenty-five minutes past 5 p. m. the whole fleet withdrew. The 
ironclads had been under our nre for two hours and twenty-five 
minutes. The Keokuk has sunk, one monitor was towed south on the 
morning of the 8th April, instant, several were apparentljr injured, and 
the fact has been demonstrated that ironclads of the monitor class are 
not invulnerable. 

The enemy's fire was mostly ricochet, and not very accurate. Most 
of their shot passed over the fort, and several to the right and left. 
The greater portion of their shots were from 1,300 to 1,400 yards dis- 
tant, which appeared to be the extent of their effective range; some 
shots were from a greater distance, and did not reach the fort at all. 

For the effect of tne fire of the enemy upon the fort I would respect- 
fully refer to the report of engineer. 

One Vlll-inch columbiad, old pattern chambered gun, exploded. 
This gun was being fired at about 1 degree elevation, and it is my 
opinion that its bursting was caused by the shot rolling forward when 
the gun was run into battery. In firing at low degrees of elevation 
and at depression, sabot shot should be used. 

One 42-pounder rifled gun was dismounted by recoil, and temporarily 
disabled. 

One X-inch columbiad was disabled by having the rear transom of 
its carriage shot away. Both guns were again ready for action in a 
few hours. 

The garrison flag received a shot through the union. The regimental 
flag was much torn b^ fragments of shell. 

The garrison, consisting of seven companies First South Carolina 
Artillery, was disposed of as follows, viz: 

First. Captain D. G. Fleming, with Company B, 78 men, in com- 
mand of east pai-apet battery, assisted by Lieutenants F. D. Blake and 
Iredell Jones; Lieutenant J. M. Rhett, Company A, although on sick 
report, was assigned temporarily to Company B. 

becond. Captain F. H. Harleston, with Company D, 74 men, in com- 
mand of northeast parapet battery, assisted b}'^ Lieutenants McMillan 
King and W. S. Simkins. 

Third. Captain J. G. King, with Company F, in command of north- 
west jpai-apet battery, assisted by Lieutenants A. S. Gaillard, John 
Middlcton, and W. H. Johnson. 



SOUTH ATLANnO BLOOKADINa SQUADRON. 



97 



Fourth. Captain J. C. Mitchel, with Company I, 78 men, in com- 
mand of west parapet batteiy, assisted by Lieutenant J. S. Bee. 

Fifth. Captain 3, R. Macbeth, with Oompany E, 77 men, in com- 
mand of mortar battery and east casemate battery, assisted by Lieu- 
tenant J. J. Alston. 

Sixth. Captain W. H. Peronneau, with Company G, 77 men, in com- 
mand of northeast casemate battery, assisted by Lieutenant E. S. 
Fickling. 

Seventh. Captain C. W. Parker, with detachment Company C, 55 
men, and detacnment Company E, in command of northwest casemate 
battery, assisted by Lieutenants G. E. Ha^nsworth and K. Kemper. 

Eighth. Lieutenant W. H. Grimball, with regimental band, 15 men, 
in conunand of second tier casemate battery. 

Ninth. Lieutenant Clarkson, with detachment of 25 men of Com- 
pany B, Charleston Battalion, posted in second tier of casemate as 
- sharpshooters. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Yates, haying reported for duty on the morning 
of the 7th April, was assigned to the immediate command of the para- 
pet batteries. 

The casemate batteries were under the immediate command of Major 
Ormsby Blanding. 

The following is the number of guns brought into action: Two 
7-inch Brooke guns, four X-inch columbiads, two IX-inch Dahlgrens, 
four Vlll-inch columbiads, four Vlll-inch nayy guns, seyen Imnded 
and rifled 42-pounders, one banded and rifled 32-pounder, thirteen 
smoothbore 32-pounder8; seyen X-inch seacoast mortars. 

The following were the oflBcers of the staff: Lieutenant S. C. Boyl- 
ston, adjutant; Captain T. M. Baker, assistant quartermaster; Captain 
S. P. Bayenel, assistant commissary subsistence; Keyerend N. Aldrich, 
chaplain; Sergeant-Major C. P. Grundshig, and Quartermaster- 
Sergeant William Nichol. Lieutenant Charles Inslesby was officer of 
the day. Lieutenant J. G. Hey ward was officer of the guard. Lieu- 
tenant £. P. Bayenel was acting ordnance officer, assisted by Lieutenant 
James S. Heyward, lieutenant of ordnance. 

The medical department was under charge of Surgeon M. S. Moore, 
assisted by Assistant Surgeon Samuel Muiler. 

Mr. Edward White was present as acting engineer officer. 

The members of the Signal Corps were T. P. Lowndes, Arthur 
Orimball, and Joseph W. Seabrook. 

Seyeral officers of General Ripley's staff were present during the 
engagement, and, in tiie absence or General Ripiey, tendered their 
seryices to me. 

Captain Benjamin H. Read, assistant adjutant-general; Colonel 
Eidward Manigault, and Colonel St. Clair Dearing were present, hay- 
ing tendered their services also. 

Mr. Lacoste also was present and rendered efficient seryice. 

With regard to the conduct of the garrison, it is impossible for me 
to draw any distinction. Officers and men were alike animated with 
the same spirit, and I can not speak in too high terms of their coolness 
and gallantry throughout the action; all acted as though they were 
engaged in practice, and the minutest particulars of drill and military 
etiquette were preserved. 

For expenditure of ammunition, 1 would respectfully refer to enclosed 
report oi ordnance officer. 



98 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADBON. 

For a list of casualties, I would also refer to enclosed surgeon's 
report. 

At 9 o'clock a. m. April 8, the Keokuk was seen to sink near Morris 
Island beach, where she now lies. 
Respectfully submitted. 

Alfred Rhbtt, 
Cdond^ Commanding, 

Captain Wm. F. 'Nance, 

Assistant Adjutant- General^ First MUita/ry District^ S. C. 



Beport of Brig^dier-Oeneral Trapier, C. 8. Army. 

Hdqrs. Second Subdivision First Military District, 

Svlliva/n^s Isla/n d^ April 13^ 1863. 

Captain: I have the honor to submit the following report of the 
action of the 7th instant between the enemy's fleet of ironclad war 
vessels and the fort and batteries on this island: 

At about 2 o'clock p. m. of that day it was reported to me that the 
movements of the fleet, which had been for some time anchored within 
the bar, were suspicious, and that some of the vessels appeared to be 
advancing. So stealthily did they approach, however, that not until 
half past 2 o'clock did I become convmced that the intentions of the 
enemy were serious, and that the long-threatened attack was about to 
begin. I immediately repaired to Foit Moultrie, where I had previ- 
ously determined to make my headquailers during the action. Slowly 
but steadily the ironclads approached, coming by the Middle, or Swash 
Channel, in single file, the Passaic^ it is believed, in the van, followed 
by the rest (eight in number), at equal distances, the flagship New 
Ironsides occupying the center. 

At 3 o'clock Colonel William Butler, commanding in the fort, re- 
ported to me that the leading ship was in i-anec. I ordered him imme- 
diately to open his batteries upon her, w^hicli was done promptly and 
the action began. Fearing that the range was rather long for effective 
work, the firing after a few rounds was suspended for a snort time, but 
finding the enemy refused close quarters, there was no alternative but 
to engage him at long range or not at all. We decided upon the 
former, and Fort Moultrie again opened her batteries. Batteries Bee 
and Beauregard had, also, by this tmie opened fire, and the action had 
become general. It soon became obvious that the enemy's intentions 
were to Ight and not to run b}^ and orders were given to train on 
vessels nearest in, and to fire by battery. Volley after volley was 
delivered in this way, but although it was plain that our shot repeat- 
edly took effect, their impact against the iron casing of the enemy 
being distinctlv heard and seen, yet we could not discover but that the 
foe was indeed invulnerable. 

At about half past 5 or 6 o'clock p. m., or after the action had lasted 
about two hours and a half, the enemy, as slowly as he had advanced, 
withdrew from the contest, apparently unharmed, so far at least as his 
power of locomotion went. Subsequent events have happily revealed 
the fact that one at least of our enemy's "in vulnerables"nas given 
proof that brick walls and earthen parapets still hold the masteiy. 

The nearest the enemv ventured at any time to Fort Moultrie was 
estimated at 1,000 yaris, to Batteiy B3ae, 1,600 yards, to Battery 
Beauregard, 1,400 yards. 



Fort Moultrie wag garrkoiied b\' a detachment from the First South 
Caroiitia Ke^jular Infanti'v, Colonel Williaui Butler, commanding, 
iis^ti;!ited by Major T, 6aker, and con^i^ting of the foUowiog com- 
paoieH: 

Company A, Captain A* Huguenin; Company E, Captain R. Trem, 
Smith; LVjnipany F, Captain B. S» Burnet; C'Ompany ii* Fir?^t Lieu- 
tiMiaat E. A. Erwin, comnninding; Compauy K, Captain C. II. Rivers*. 

Iiatt4?ry Bee was garrisoned by another detachment from the same 
regiment, commanded by Lieutenant-Colonel J.C. SimkinH, and con- 
si?<ited of the folluwing eompanie.s: 

Cc^mpany C, Captain Rol>ert de Treville; Comjmny II, Captain 
Warren Adam^^; Company I, Captain W. 1\ Tatom, 

Colonel L. M. Keitt, Twentieth Regiment South Carolina Volunteers, 
by my consent, took post at Battery Bee, and t*eniained there duruig 
the urtion* 

Battery Beauregard was under the command of Captain J. A* Sit- 
greavfts. First South Carolina Regular Aitillery, and was garrisoned 
by the following comptmies: 
'Coniimny K, rirst South Carolina Regular Artillery, Finst Lieu* 
tf*nant W/E. Erwin, commanding; Company D, First South Carolina 
Kcguhir Infantrr, Captain J, H. War Icy, commanding, 

It givers me pleasure to have it in my power to report that not a 
single casualty occurred among any of tfiese troop;?;, witn the exception 
only of one ta Fort Moultrit?* fiarl^v in the action our flagstaff wa.^ 
shot away, and in falling struck Private J. S. Lui^by, Company F, 
inflicting a ^levere wound, from which he died in a short time* Neither 
iJio fort itself nor the material was in the leo.'it injured. It is due to 
the garrison of Fort Moultrie and their soldierly and accomplished 
iM>miiiander, Colonel Butler, that I should not close this reixirt without 
Ijearing testimony to the admimble skill, coolness, and delil>emtiori 
with which they* served their guns. They went, all — mim as well as 
officers — to their work cheerfully and with alacrity, showing that their 
hearts were in it. There was enthu.'^iasm, but no excitement They 
lost no time in loading their guns, but never tired hastily or without 
aim* 

The reports of Colonel Keitt, Lieutenant-Colonel 8imkins, and Cap- 
tiiin Sitgreaves give me every reiLson to believe the garrisons of liat- 
tcries Bee and &*auregard acquitted themselves equally well, and are 
ef|uaUy entitled to the thanks and gmtitude of their commanders and 
their country* 

Colonel Butler makes honorable mention of the following officers: 
Captain W. IL Wfgg, assistant commissary subsistence, when the flag- 
staff was shot away, promptly mounted a transom and placed the regi- 
uii^ntal flag in a cons|>icuous place upon it, Cantain G. A, Wardlaw^ 
assistant quartermaster, and liieutenant and Aajutant Mitchell King, 
and Fii-st Lieutenant D. G. Calhoun, were likewise prompt in placing 
thi* Ittittle and garrison flags in conspicuous positions. Lieutenant 
Williams, ordnance oflicer, is also favorably mentioned. 

To Captains William Greene and B. G, Pincknev, of mj staff, and 
First Lieutenant A, H* Lucius, my aid-de-camp, 1 am indebted for 
valuable assistance, and my thanka arc also due to Lieutenant-Colonel 
O. Dautzler and Doctor G* W, Westcott, volunteer aids for th« 
occasion. 



100 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 

I have the honor to transmit herewith a statement, in tabular form, 
showing the expenditure of ammunition by Fort Moultrie and the 
batteries during the action. 

All of which is respectfully submitted. 

J. H. Trapter, 

Brigadier' General, Commanding. 

Captain W. F. Nance, 

Asaistaiit AdjiUaiit- General. 



Report of fhe oommanding officer at Fort Moultrie regarding the part taken in the aetion 

by those works. 

Headquarters, 
Fm^t Moidtrie, S. O., April 13, 1863. 

Sir: I have the honor to sulmiit the following statement of the part 
taken by this fort in the action with the ironclad fleet of the abolition- 
ists on the 7th of this month. 

On the 5th the attacking fleet, consisting of eight turreted gunboats 
and the steam frigate Iromides, crossed the bar and took a position 
about 3 miles and a half or 4 miles from this fort. On the 7th it 
advanced in the direction of the harbor, one of the turreted boats some 
distance in advance. As soon as the leading boat came within range, 
I reported the fact to the brigadier-general commanding, and received 
orders from him to commence the action. Thinking it was the object 
of the enemy to run by Fort Sumter, 1 permitted the firing to be rapid 
at the commencement, using every precaution, however, to encourage 
deliberation in aiming. The boats engaged were at all times during 
the action within range of the guns of this fort. About three-quar- 
ters of an hour after the first gun was fired the frigate Iron»ide» 
steamed up to within 1,600 yards and took a position, apparently with 
a view of taking a prominent part in the action. All the guns that 
could be brought to bear were tmined upon her and fired and she in 
a few minutes afterwards moved out of range. The fire was generally 
directed upon the l)oat in advance, and, 1 think, with some effect. 
Shots were seen to strike frequently, man}' of them ]>reaking to pieces. 
The guns engaged were manned by Companies A, E, F, and G, First 
South Carolina Infantry, commanded, respectively, bv Captains T. A. 
Huguenin and R. Press. Smith, First Lieutenant l2. A. Erwin, and 
Captain B. S. Burnet; the mortars by Companies F and K, C'laptain 
C. il. Rivers, were fired with creditable accuracy. OflScei's and men 
performed their duties with spirit and celerity. During the action 
the flagstaff was cut down b}' a shot from the enemy, which, in falling, 
struck Private Lus])y, Company F, First South Carolina Infantry, 
causing his death in a few mmutes. This was the only ca.su8lty of any 
importance. One gunner, Private Harrison, Company G, lost a finger 
by some inadvertence^ in running a gun into battery, but returned to 
his post after getting his wound dressed. When the flag was struck 
down, Captain W. H. Wigg, assistant commissary of subsistence, 
promptly plac*ed the regimental flag in a conspicuous place upon a 
traverse. Captain G. A, Wardlaw, assistant quartermaster, and JLieu- 
tenant and Adjutant Mitchell Kin^ and First Lieutenant D. G. Cal- 
houn were likewise prompt in placmg the liattle and garrison flags in 
(dOiMip^jQi>piis positions. Major T. M. Baker, First South Carolina 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 101 



Infantry^ was wherever his services would be most useful. The ord- 
nance officer, Second Lieutenant Thomas Williams, was at his post at 
the magazine. Much credit is due to him for the good condition of 
the gun carriages and the ordnance stores. 1 have already submitted 
a rej^rt of the amount of ammunition expended. The guns en^ged 
consisted of nine Vlll-inch columbiads, five 32-pounder rifled and 
banded guns, five smoothbore 32-pounders, and two X-inch mortars. 
I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

William Butler, 
C6l<yiiel First Smith C(i7'ol{7ia Infantry^ Commanding, 

First Lieutenant W. C. Hane, 

Adjutant Forcen 07i Svilivan^a Mund, 



Beport of fhe oommanding olBoer of the batteries on SuUivan'e Island. 

Headquarters, 
Sullvmn^s Isl<ind^ April 13^ 1863. 

Captain: I had the honor this morning to send to you the reports of 
the commandants of the various batteries on Sullivan's Inland engaged 
in the action of the 7th instant with the enemv's ironclad fleet. The 
action was commenced at 3 o'clock by Fort Moultrie, and in a short 
time Uiereafter was general throughout all the batteries. Immediately 
after the opening of the engagement I left Fort Moultrie (where Briga- 
dier-General Trapier had stationed his headquarters and was overlook- 
ing the conflict) and repaired to Battery Bee. 

At this battery I found the garrison alert and ready to direH their 
fire against the invading fleet. Their guns were promptly trained and 
fired with rapidity and great precision. I saw very distinctly a large 
number of A-inch shot from this battery strike the Keohuk^ and a£o 
two of the monitor vessels, which alternately advanced to the front. 
They struck turrets, Heckd, and hull. The injury inflicted could not 
be accurately estimated, but I believe that it was not severe. The 
officers of the garrison were cool, vigilant, and energetic, and the naen 
were prompt, active, and thoroughly familiar with their duties. 
Lieutenant-Colonel Simkins overlooked the management of the bat- 
tery, and I testify to his vigilance, skill, and energetic discharge of 
his duties. The firing I thought a little too rapid, but I have no 
doubt that in the end it subserved a good purpose. The storm of shot 
and bolts which fell around the enemy conf usea, if it did not appall him. 

The Beauregard battery directed its fire with great precision against 
the Irofisides and the two monitors which were nearest to it. The shot 
from this battery struck those vessels repeatedly. The ofiiccrs and 
men behaved with the highest coolness and ^Uantry. 

Fort Moultrie was under General Trapier's own eye, and he can test 
tell how worthily she vindicated her historical reputation. 

The companies of the Twentieth Regiment South Carolina Volun- 
teera which were upon the island were drawn up to protect the upper 
• batteries and to repel a land attack, if such were attempted. They 
were eager to join their brethren in arms in the conflict, but the pru- 
dent abstinence of tiie foe from an attempt to land prevented them. 
They were under command of Captain P. A. McMicnael, Lieutenant- 
Colonel Dantzler having been invited by General Trapier to act as his 



102 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



special aid on the occasion; and had a land attack been made, Lieutenant- 
Colonel Dantzler could onsWy have reached the portion of his regiment 
drawn up on the island and have taken command of it, which he intended 
to do. 

1 have the honor to be, captain, your obedient servant, 

Lawrence M. Kextt, 
Colo7ieK Commanding PkM. 

Captain Greene, 

A mstan t A dj at an t-( 'en mil. 



CiroQlar of instrnotions from the commanding general at Charlefton, 8. 0. 

Udqrs. First Military District, S. C, Ga., and Fla., 

Charleston, Decemher 26, 1862. 

In case the proposed attack upon this harbor is known beforehand, 
special directions will be given for the service of the different batteries. 
As, however, it may happen that a surprise may be attempted, or that 
the intervening time between the knowledge of the intention and the 
event may be too short, the instructions hereinafter contained will be 
carefully attended to. 

Each commanding officer of a fort or battery will give his attention 
immediately to the strengthening of his carriages and the complete 
preparation of his material. Besides making the proper requisitions 
on the staff departments, lot him endeavor to do as much as possible 
from his own resources. While staff departments are, to a great extent, 
crippled for want of material and workmen, nmch can be accomplished 
by ready expedients without their aid. Every carriage must be kept 
carefully screwed up, and if any are defective made at least temporarily 
efficient. All the elevating screws, ecc^entric wheels, and traversing 
gear must be put in order and kept so, and especial care must be taken 
to see that a full supply of small implements is constantly on hand. 

Ammunition should be examinc^l and immediately apportioned to 
the several guns, reference being had to the orders heretofore given 
on that subject; but where the quantity is not sufficient, the greater 
portion should be given to the heavier guns, as on them principally the 
success of the defense must depend. 

Officers and men of each command must be kept on the alert and 
instructed to go to battery at once upon an alarm, and especial care 
must be taken that each })attery is in readiness for instant action as the 
men arrive at their guns. 

It is hoped and l)elieved that most of these things are habitually 
attended to, ])ut as constant vigilance is our only security, they can 
not ])e too forcibly insisted upon. 

Upon o})serving a disposition to attack on the part of the enemy, the 
nearest fort or battery will give the alarm. By da\' a shotted gun and 
dipping the flag will communicate the danger to the" other fortifications 
ana headquarters. All commands will go at once to battery, and the 
circumstances of the alarm communicated to headquarters by telegraph 
or signal. By night a shotted gun and a rocket will give the intelli- 
gence. 

In whatever way the attack is made by the enemy, he is to be engaged 
as soon as f>ossible to do so effectually with a few long-mnge guns from 



SOirra ATLAOTTC ELOCKADTNG BQFADKON, 



103 



CTerv fort that will Imiv. The number of those ^nnn mmi he left to 
the dific*retion of the fominiinding oflkerw, who Jiiu^t yee that thit fire is 
fti< acTurnto II.-* )K>SMiiile* They mast not ongage too great a miiiii>er, 
and J>e careful not nnduly to excite their men or ntrain their gun^ and 
earriage.s* While the long-range tire is \ ulual>le, if accurate, to annoy 
the em^injand force him to devfslDp hin attack, it \h not to Iw depended 
on for more, Other thingn being eiiual, it will be well that the gun.s 
to leeward are first engaged. The remaining gun>^of the liatterie*^ will 
be trained by Iwitterv on different pointn where the enemy niUMt piw«, 
C5are Ijeing taken to imxe the tire of each liattery concentrated. Ab the 
eneDiy approache.s, let the distance he will he m pa^n^ing he accurately 
e^tiniated hy the distance buoy«, and the elevation made to corre^pfnul, 
making it too little rather than toom-eat for direct tire. Jf the vesgeln 
are (la^ing rapidly, the gunn should l>o di.seharged l)y battery just a.s 
the pro WW of tlie vessels come across^ the line of sight. 

In the ea^e of wooden vessels, the olijeet will to hit them near the 
water line, ju*st abaft the smokestack. In the case of ironclad vesseb^ 
to hit the deck or the turrets at the intersection with the deck, and 
especially to let all the shot.s strike at once. 

The tirBt fire will I jo concentrat^^d upon the leading vessels, and will 
be- continued upon them as long as the guns by battery will l>ear well, 
and e8|>ecially if they l>ecome entiingled in obstructions, even if certain 
vej^d^i engage to draw off the attention of the outmost liatteries and 
iiain iM'hind, 

Should some of the vessels succeed in passing, the action must then 
|ms8 into the hands of (*onunanding officers of batteries. They will 
pour in their fire, m far as pmctitmblts Uy battery, and as fast iis it 
caa Iwe- done with accuracy on whatever vessels of the enemy may be 
nearest them. 

Thegungof Beauregard battery. Fort Moultrie, Battery Bee, and 
the eaisternj northeasteni, and northwestern faces of Fort Sumter will 
t>e used to foiTO the tirst circle of hre to which tlie enemy mast be 
subjected, the center Iwing a little to the eastward of a line between 
the fort^ and midway. Every etfort nuist be made to crush his vesseb 
and r-c»]>e] his attaelc within this circle, and especially while be is 
entangled in the obt? true Hons. 

All the mortars of Fort Sumter and Fort ^loultrie will be tniined 
on the center above indii-ated. The fu^es will be of the full length 
and the shells have large hui*sting charges, it being better to have the 
fuzes fail thari the shells to bui-st in tlie air. and tne fid I effect of the 
cxplosion^t lieing desirable if suecessful. The mortar l»atteries will be 
tired tiy battery when the enemy's vessels are aix>ut twoship't* lengths 
from the point on which they are trained. 

If the fleet is large, the im»rtars will be kept trained on the same 
jioint and fired by battery as rapidly as possible while the fleet is pm^s 
ing, If small, and a j>oVtioi\ has passed the tirst circle of tire, the 
mortal's of Fort Sumter will l>e tmined to oiieiiite on the second circle, 
the center of which will be at a point about midway between Forts 
Sumter and Kipley, and to the soutnward of the Middle (iround ShoaL 
It will l»e formed by the heavy guns of Fort Johnson, Fort Kipley, 
Cantle Pinckney, Battery Bce^and the northwestern and western fac^fS 
of Fort Sumter. 

The guns of Forts Johnson and Ripley and Castle Finckney will 
open on tiie leading vessels as they come within easy range, \:av*i VwAt%^ 



104 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOGKADIKG SQUADBOK. 



taken that every shot finds its mark. Those of Fort Sumter and 
Battery Bee will continue upon the leading vessels as long as they are 
close, but if they elongate tneir distance the fire will be concentrated 
on the vessel nearest them. 

Should any vessel succeed in passing the second circle of fire, the 
third will be formed and put into action by the guns of White Point 
battery and Battery Glover, with such guns of Forts Johnson and Rip- 
ley and Castle Pinckney as will bear. Concentration on the leading 
vessels will be the object, as before. 

During the action care will Ije taken, as far as possible, to prevent the 
chances of shot from the batteries taking the direction of our.own works. 
The best way of doing this will be to let none miss the enemv, and when 
he is between the works especial accuracy will be striven for. 

The vessels of the Confederate Navy will engage during the action, 
and they may often pass our ])atteries. In this case ofiScers and gun- 
ners can not be too careful to avoid hitting them. The fire by battery, • 
as a general thing, will be discontinued at those vessels of the enemv 
whicn our ships engage closely; but if occasion offers, endeavors will 
be made to hit the ports of the revolving turrets on the enemy's vessels 
when turned from our ships, to disarrange and throw out of gear the 
machinery for closing the ports. 

Accurate fire by single guns will be concentrated on the enemy's 
vessels if two or 'more attack one of ours; and should the distance 
admit, then it will be advisable to pour upon one of them a heavy fire 
by battery. 

The plunging fire from Fort Sumter is expected to be mrticularly 
effective, and when single rifled guns are fired from the bart)ettes of 
that fort it will be well to hit the grated roofs of the turrets with 
square-headed bolts, followed by shells filled with molten iron. 

The SQuare-headed bolts for thi\ X-inch coUunbiads and the heavier 
guns will be fired by battery when the enemy is within close range. 
Solid shot and lx)lts will })e used generally against ironclads during 
the action. 

The furnaces for melting iron and heating shot will be kept in heat, 
and heated projectiles will be used whenever occasion offers advantam. 

Should it happen that any of the enemy's vessels become disabled 
and endeavor to get out of fire, the outermost batteries must pay par- 
ticular attention to prevent them, and in case other of the enemy's 
ships come to the assistance of the disabled, let every gun and mortor 
which will bear be turned upon them by battery. 

The great object of the enemy will probably be to run by, and 
every eiiort must be made to crush him in each successive circle of 
fire which he encounters. 

Hog Island Channel will obstructed, and the obstructions must 
be guarded by the long-range guns of Fort Sumter and the coiumbiad 
of Battery Bee nearest it. 

It is doubtful whether the enemy will attempt to pass by Folly 
Island Channel. If he does, a circle of fire will be formed by the 
guns of Fort Ripley, Castle Pinckney, and White Point battery. 

The position * of " torpedoes will be communicated to commanding 
oflicers, and the effort made to drive the enemy's vessels upon them if 
he is taking other courses. 

The obstructions will also be designated, and under no circumstances 
will the enemy be permitted to reconnoiter then. 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



105 



The headquarters of the undersigned will be at Fort Sumter, and 
directions be sent by telegraph and signal to the different posts should 
anything require special directions. 

batteries Marshall and Wagner will be worked to the extent of 
their capacity for injuring the enemy by their commanding officers 
without unduly exposing their commands. 

The directions given above relate, generally, to the defeat of an 
attack by the enemy's fleet alone. Should a combined attack 1)e made 
by land and water, other orders can be issued, Jis nothing of that kind 
can be done by surprise. 

The present circular will ))e studied and reflected upon l)y all officers 
who wul be engaged in this honorable duty of the coming defense. 
With careful attention, coolness, and skillful gunner}^ success is far 
more than probable. 

R. S. Ripley, 

Brigadier- General,, Coinnmnding, 



Baport of the oommanding offloer of the batteries at Fort Johnson. . 

Headquarters at East Lines, April 12^ 1863. 

CSoix>N£l: I have the honor to report that one of my companies, 
Company I, Oaptain Humbei*t, stationed at Fort Johnson, had a small 
share in the e^lorious little fight of the 7th instant with the turreted 
ironclads in Charleston Harbor. 

About half past 2 o'cloc*.k of that afternoon eight ironclads were 
seen approaching for the purpose of engaging Fort Sumter, and when 
within easy range they opened tire upon her. My guns of heavy 
caliber at that post being so placed as to bear only upon the inner 
harbor, could not be broi^ht to bear upon the ironclads, but in our 
anxiety to " have a place in the picture," and in order somewhat to 
test the range of a X-inch mortar in that direction, I authorized Lieu- 
tenant Boliver, in charge, to open fire from it, which, after being 
fired twice with shell, fiU^ and plugged, and the object sought attained, 
was ordered to be discontinued. 

The ofiScers and men were all eagerly anxious to play a part in the 
engagement, and we only regret that our position was such as to pre- 
vent our having a more prominent place in an engagement which does 
80 much credit to all concerned. 

I am, colonel, very respectfully, 

A. D. Frederick, 
Colonel Second Regiine)d S\ C. Artillery^ Coi^tauimling, 

Colonel C. H. Stevens, 

(knnmanding East Diviftion, James Island^ S, C\ 

[Endorsement.] 

Headquarters, James Island and St. Andrews, 

McLe^xl'H, April 1863. 
Respectfully forwarded. I reached Fort Johnson some twenty 
minutes after the engagement between the monitors and the forts and 



106 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING 8QUADB0N. 



batteries had commenced, on the 7th instant, and finding that the 
mortar at Fort Johnson was not effective, the range being too great, 
ordered the firing discontinued after two shells nad been thrown. 
Battery Glover was not engaged at any time. 
Respectfully, 

S. R. Gist, 
Brigadiei'- Oeneral, 



Seport of the commanding officer at Battery Beaoregard, SnUiyan't laland. 

Batteby Beauregard, 
S'idlwcm^s Island^ April 13, 1863. 

Captain: 1 have the honor to report that about 2 o'clock p. m. on 
Tuesday, the 7th instant, it was reported to me that the enemy's iron- 
clads, which had previouslv taken a position inside the bar, were steam- 
ing up main Ship Channel. I ordered the long roll sounded and all 
Hie guns of this battery to be manned forthwith, placing those men 
who were not engaged at the pieces in a position so as to be protected 
from the fire of Sie enemy. As soon as the leading boat came within 
range and after Moultrie and Sumter had opened I directed the fire of 
two rifled guns and an VlU-inch columbiad on that boat and continued 
to fire on her until 1 was satisfied that it was not her intention to pass 
the forts. I fired rapidly at first, because 1 saw that she would soon 
reach a point on whicn my rifled guns could not be brought to bear. 
About tnis time the Iron&ides came up and exposed her broadsides, 
when I immediately directed the fire of the same guns on her and paid 
more attention to ner than any other boat during the fight. I occa- 
sionally fired a shot at the Keokuk or any one of them that oflPered a fair 
mark to the guns used. About half past 4 1 found that my supply 
of rifled projectiles and Vlll-inch solid shot was getting short I 
ordered the firing to cease and sent a messenger to the fort to know if 
I could be supplied, but received a message from Brigadier-General 
J. H. Trapier in the meantime to cease firing altogether. 

The guns that were engaged were manned alternately by detach- 
ments from Company K, First South Carolina Artillery, Lieutenant 
W. E. Erwin, commanding, and from Company B, First Infantry, 
Captain J. H. Warley, commanding. I am satisfied that the Ironsiaea 
was struck several times by shot from this battery, and I think one or 
two others were also struck, with what eflPect it is impossible to say, 
except from reports since the engagement, which lead us to believe 
that the enemy were considerably damaged. I have reasons to be sat- 
isfied with the firing and the cool, deliberate, and determined aspect 
which characterized both men and ofiicers during the engagement. I 
enclose a tabular statement of the amount and kinds of ammunition 
expended. The enemy fired several rounds at us, none of which took 
effect. There were no casualties from any cause whatever. 
I have the honor to be, your obedient servant, 

J. A. SiTGREAVES, 

Captai/n^ Comrrumdmg. 

Captain Wm. Greene, 

Asmtcmt AdQutard- General. 



SOUTH ATLANnO BLOOKADING SQUADRON. 107 



Baport of the oommandiiig offioer at Battery Bee, SulUran't laland. 

Headquarters, Detachment First Infantry, 

Battery Bee, April 13, 1S6S, 

Captain: I have the honor to report that at about half past 2 p. ni. 
on Tuesday, the 7th instant, the officer of the day reported to nie that 
the monitor fleet of the enemy, accompanied by the homtidex, wjih 
approaching. I immediately ordered the long roll beat, the guns 
were mann^ and everything got in readiness for action. On reaching 
the batterv^ nine ironclads, mcluding the Ironsides, were observed 
slowly making their way up Ship Channel. At this time four of the 
monitors proper were in line of battle in advance, the Ironsides and 
others in rear. While waiting the nearer approach of the enemy 
instructions were given that the left section of tne battery, commanded 
by Otptain Warren Adams, should commence filling on an order from 
me, to be followed first by Captain William T. Tatom, commandmg 
center section, and finally by Captain Robert de Treville, commanding 
section on extreme right, and that the fire should be concentmted on 
the leading vessel until otherwise directed. The advanced vessels, still 
numbering four, took their positions, alternately ranging from 1,800 
to 2,000 vards from this batterv. 

At 3 o'clock p. m. Fort Moultrie opened on the enemy, followed by 
Fort Sumter. Ten minutes later (ten minutes past 3 p. m.) this bat- 
tery opened fire. At this time the fire became general from all the 
outer forts and batteries in the harbor, and the advanced ironclads of 
the enemy, which fired slowly, directing their fire principally at Fort 
Sumter. An occasional shot was fired at this battery, none of them 
doing any injury. As it was believed that the object of the enemy 
was to pass the batteries and enter the harbor, the firing at first was 
rapid, but at all times deliberate and well directed. When it became 
evident that such was not his intention the firing from the Imttery 
became slower, and continued so until the Keohiik advanced in close 
range to Fort Sumter and this battery, at which time the order was 
given to fire more rapidly and to concentrate it on her. Two hundred 
and eighty-three solid shot were fired from this battery, Captain 
Adams firing 126, Captain Tatom 84, Captain Do Treville 73. Of this 
number many were aistinctlv seen to strike the vessels aimed at, and 
it is believed doing serious damage in many instances. 

At half past 6 p. m. the enemy"s fleet withdrew and all firing ceased. 
The officers and men of this command did their duty. 

I am happy to state that no casualties occurred at this lottery, and 
Delieve the command to be as effective as it was prior to the engage- 
ment. 

I have the honor to be, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

J. C. SiMKINS, 

Lieutenant- Coloml, Commanding, 

Captain Wm. Greene, 

Assistant Adjutant- General, 



StmtnneBti of Brigadier-General Bipley and Colonels BnUer and Bhett, C. S. Army. 

Headquarters First Military District, 

Charleston, October 12, 1863, 
General: In answer to the letter of the general commaudiue tJ\^ 
department, dated October 7, enquiring concerning tVie txuWi ^ 



108 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADBON. 

statement of William H. Seward, abolition Secretary of State, as 
follows: 

An attack by the fleet, made on the 7th of April last, upon the forts and batteries 
which defend the harbor of Charleston failed because the rope obstruction in the 
channel fouled the screws of the ironclads and compelled them to return, after pass- 
ing through the fire of the batteries. These vessels bore the fire of the forte, although 
some defects of construction were revealed by the injuries they received. The crews 
passed through an unexampled cannonade with singular impunity. Not a life was 
lost on board a monitor. 

I have to remark that the statement is simply false. 
The mendacious particulars are — 

First. ''That the rope obstructions fouled the screws of the iron- 
clads," etc. These would probably have fouled the screws, besides 
producing other effects; but no abolition ironclad came within 300 
yards of them. 

Second. " After passing the fire of the batteries." But one of the 
fleet came within 900 yards of Fort Sumter, or 1,000 from the bat- 
teries on Sullivan's Island. The Keokuk sank next morning. None 
ever came within effective range of the heaviest batteries at all. 
Whether lives were lost or not, no attempt was made to renew the 
attack, and on the 12th the whole fleet left tne harbor. I had an excel- 
lent point for observation, and can not have been mistaken. 

I have the honor to enclose herewith communications from Colonels 
Alfred Rhett and William Butler, commanding, respectively, the bat- 
teries at Fort Sumter and on Sullivan's Island, relating to the same 
subject. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

R. S. Ripley, 

Brigadier- General^ Commanding. 

Brigadier-General Thomas Jordan. 

Chief of Staffs etc, 

[Enclosures.] 

Headquabtebs Artilleby, 
West End. SvllivarHs IsUmd^ October 5, 186S. 
Captain: I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of a commu- 
nication addressed by General Beauregard, commandmg the Depart- 
ment of South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida, to Brigadier-General 
R. S. Ripley, dated October 7, 1863, in which an oflicial statement, 
made by Mr. W. H. Seward, United States Secretary of State^ relative 
to the defeat of the enemy's ironclad fleet on the 7th of April last, is 

E resented, and my testimony, as one of the oflicers in command of 
atteries on the occasion, desired as to its correctness. 
This statement referred to is thus expressed: 

An attack ])y the fleet, matle on the 7th day of April last, upon the forts and bat- 
teries which defend the harbor failed because the rope obstructions in the channel 
fouled the screws of the ironclads and compelled them to return, after passing through 
the fires of the batteries. These vessels bore the fire of the forts, although some 
defects of construction were revealed by the injuries they received. The crews 
passed through an unexampled cannonade with singular impunity. Not one life was 
lost on board a monitor. 

This statement of Mr. Seward's is, I beg leave to sav, incorrect in 
several particulars. Being in a position where I coula obtain a good 
view of the action, I submit as a fact that none of the ironclads 



SOUTH ATLAimO BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 109 



approached within several hundred yards of the obstructions, and 
therefore the screws could not have been fouled by theiu. 

With regard to the fire of the batteries, through which it is said by 
Mr. Seward that the ironclads passed, I would state that the ironcla(Is 
were not at any time within fair range of the heaviest guns in posi- 
tion on Sullivan's Island, but to the fire of which they would have 
been exposed (within effective range) had they passed ^ through the 
fires of the batteries" and into the narbor. 

It is known that the turreted ironclad Keokuk sank soon after 
retiring^ from the action, within- sight of our batteries; and if the 
public journals of the enemy are to be believed, disabling injuries 
were inflicted upon other ironclads of the fleet and some officers and 
men killed. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

William Butler, 

Colond^ Commanding. 

Captain W. F. Nanche, 

A. A. G. , Hdqrs. Ist Military Diat. , Dept. S. C, ,Ga.. and Fla. 

[Endoraement.] 

Headquarters Second Subdivision, 
FiT%t WUtary District^ Sidlivanh Island^ October 10^ 1863. 
While fonyardin^ the within, I think it proper to state that on the 
7th of April I wa.s m a position from which 1 could see every one of 
the vessels engaged during the entire period of the attack, and I know 
positivelv that not one of the monitors or any other vessel approached 
near to the obstructions. As well as I could judge by the eye, 1 would 
that no one of them was nearer to the obstructions than half a 
mile, nor did any one of them, when nearest to our batteries, remain 
stationary many minutes, but after receiving a few broadsides, they in 
succession rapidly reti'eated. 

T. L. Clingman, 

BrMjadi^er- General^ Commanding, 



Hdqrs. First Regiment South Carolina Artillery, 

CharlvMon, October 12, 1863. 

General: In reply to the enquiry touching the correctness of the 
statement of Mr. W. H. Seward, United States Secretary of State, 
concerning the action of April 7, 1863, I have the honor to say that it 
is incorrect throughout. 

The obstructions lay between Forts Sumter and Moultrie. During 
the attack on Fort Sumter 1 was on the parapet of the fort, observing 
closely with a glass, and causing notes to be taken of the progress of 
the fight in regard to time, distances, movements, and results. So far 
from passing through the fire of our batteries, the object of the enemy 
api)eared to oe to engage Fort Sumter at the longest effective range of 
their XV-inch guns. At no time did any of them enter within the tire 
of our heaviest batteries, which did not bear out to sea. The leading 
vessel, the WeeluiwJcenj approached under the fire of our guns us near 
as 1,300 yards of Fort Sumter and 600 yards of the obstructions, and 



110 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADBON. 



f)as8ed back out of range in an ellipse. The other vessels in turn fol- 
owed the course of the Weehaxolcen^ the Ironsides having come to 
anchor at about 1,800 yards from Fort Sumter and about 1\ miles 
from the obstructions. Two vessels only, the Keokuk and the Nahant^ 
the last engaged, came nearer than 1,300 yards of Sumter. The 
Keokuk left the line and came in toward the fort, about 900 yards. 
Becoming disabled by the effect of our shots, she drifted in with the 
tide (flood) to about 300 yards of the obstructions, when she managed 
to get underway again, and passed out of range in a sinking condition. 
The next morning she sanK in shoal water, in full view. This was 
the only vessel that came at any time as near as 300 yards of the 
obstructions. The Nahant^ in support of the Keokuk^ came as near 
as 1,100 yards from Sumter and occupied that position for a short 
time. 

I have no hesitation in saying that the statement that any of the 
enemy's ironclads on the 7th of April last advanced to the obstructions 
or that they fouled their propellers in the obstructions is utterly 
untrue, and I am slow to beueve that the gallant men who commanded 
those vessels upon that occasion would lend themselves to the false 
statements of their Government. 

The fleet did not escape with impunity. The Keokuk was sunk; 
othei*s were damaged. W ith regard to the loss of life, I had no means 
of asceitaining the facts, but when the ironclad fleet withdrew from 
the harbor I visited the wreck of the Keokuk in my barge. I found 
that not only the hull of the vessel had been penetrated, but that the 
X-inch round shot and rifled bolts had made clean holes through the 
turrets. Several United States flags, three oflicers' swords, pistols, 
etc., and a quantity of bloody clothes and some bloody blankets were 
taken out of the turrets. 

Respectfully, your obedient servant, 

Alfred Rhett, 

Colonel^ Cmmrianding First Regiment South Carolina ArtMery 

General Thomas Jordan, 

Chief of Staf. 



Report of Lieatenant GlaiteU, C. S. Navy, regarding trophies from the JJ. S. S. Keokiik. 

C. S. Gunboat Chigora, 
Charleston I/arbor^ April 13, 1863. 
General: Having made a visit to the Keokuk this morning, with a 
view to observing the effect of your batteries upon her iron turrets, I 
succeeded in procuring the trophies, which it affords me much pleas- 
ure to forward to you, viz, two United States flags, two pennants, and 
three signal flags. Several other articles were Sso obtained — a ram- 
mer, sponges, lanterns, etc. — which are on board the Chicora. 
I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant. 

W. T. Glassell, 
Mrst Lieutenant f C. S. Navy. 

Brigadier-General Ripley. 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. Ill 



Copy of a letter found on the C. 8. 8. Atlanta. 

Fort Sumter, AjyrU^M, 1863. \ 
♦ ♦ ♦ * * « « 

It appears from the Yankee accounts that wo injured their ironclads 
more than we thought we did. Some of their a(»counts are mostly true, 
interspersed here and there with some awful lies. There was no 
breach made in the fort at all. Two of their shots (a XV- inch sheH 
and Xl-inch shot) did come through, })ut they hit in weak places. 
The greatest penetration in good, sound masonry was 3 feet, but every- 
thing around was cracked and started more or less. The most severe 
blow, I think, was about 3 or 4 feet below tho crest of the parapet, 
where two or three balls struck and just loosened everything clear 
through for a space of about t> feet in length. As for knocking two 
embrasures into one— all humbug. Equally so about any of their 
boats getting entangled in the obstructions— they did not go within 
500 yards of them — or torpedoes exploding, etc. 

ilr. Langdon Cheves, wno had charge of the torpedo, said that for 
ten minutes he could not have placed the Irmimdes more directly over 
it if he bad been allowed to, but the confounded thing, as is usual, 
would not go off when it was wanted. The insulation of the wire, I 
suppose, defective. I think one thing has been proved, that brick 
forts can't stand XV-inch shot, etc., for a very long time; but it has 
also been proved that ironclads are not as invulnerable as supposed. 

Youre, sincerely, 

F. H. Harleston. 

Harleston is a captain of artillery, and writes from Sumter to Lieu- 
tenant Thurston, of the C. S. M. 0., on board the Atlanta. 



Letter of Lieutenant J. Pembroke Jones, C. 8. Navy, to Lieutenant Catesby ap R. Jones, 

C. 8. Navy. 

Savannah, April 19^ 1863. 
Dear Jones: I did not reach Charleston in time to visit Fort Sumter, 
having been delayed twelve hours in Columbia, but I saw Geneml 
Huger, who had examined the effects of tho shot with critical exact- 
ness. He says that thirty-four out of the forty shots fired at Sumter 
struck; two rifle 8-inch shot went through, but they struck embrasures 
that had been filled up. The shot penetrated from 22 to 27 inches, 
making a large hole in the brickwork, but then, coming upon the con- 
crete, merely buried themselves there. The brickwork shattered, and 
sometimes was cracked, by the shot, but the concrete only condensed 
before it. All the shells that did burst did scarcely any damage, 
because they seem to have burst just upon the surface. No serious 
damage was done, and he thinks 400 yards tho nearest point at which 
the wall can be breached. We fired in all 2,240 shot and shells. The 
firing on our side was delibemte and good. It seems to me we fired 
too many small guns. I believe Tucker contemplates an attack very 
N W B— VOL 14 8 



112 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADBON. 

soon upon the Iromidea. Captain Pa^e is living down the river, set- 
ting things to rights. I have visited him, but saw 'him only a few 
minutes. * * * 
The Savannah will not be ready for a month. 
Yours, sincerely, 

J. Pembroke Jones. 
[Lieutenant Catesby ap R. Jones, C. S. Navy.] 



Joint resolution of thanks to General G. T. Beaoregard and the officers and men of his 

oommand. 

Resolved hy the Congress of the Confederate States of America^ That 
the thanks of Congress are eminently due, and are hereby most cor- 
dially tendered, to General G. T. Beauregard and the officers and men 
of his command engaged in the affair, for their brilliant and signal 
defeat of the ironclad fleet of the enemy in the harbor of Charleston on 
the 7th of April, 1863. 

Resolved^ That the President be requested to communicate this reso- 
lution to General Beauregard and his command. 

Approved May 1, 1863. 



Report of Rear-Admiral JDu Porvt^ U. S. Nmy. regarding orders issued 
to Commander Rhind^ U, S. Navy^ to proceed to Washington^ D. C 

No. 170.] Flagship New Ironsides, 

Inside Charleston Bar^ Apinl 5, 1863. 
Sir: I have the honor to report to the Department that I have 
ordered Commander A. C. Rhind to the U. S. S. Paul Jones^ relieving 
Captain C. Steedman, whom I have ordered to the Powhatan. 

Commander Rhind having lost all his effects by the sinking.of the 
Keokuk^ I have ordered him to proceed to Washington with my dis- 
patches, that he may have an opportunity to procure a new outfit, 
thinking also that the Department might desire to see an officer engaged 
in the attack on the forts here. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

S. F. Du Pont, 
Rear- Admiral^ Comdg. South Atlantic BlockaMng Squadron. 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of the NoAxy^ Washingtofi. 



Order of Rear- Admiral Dxi Pont., XT. S.^ Na/vy^ to Lieutenant- Cain- 
manaer Upshur^ U. S. Na/vy^ commanding U. S. S. Flambeau^ for 
transportation of Command^ Rhind to ifampton Roads. 

Flagship New Ironsides, 
Inside Charleston Bar, S. C, April 5, 1863. 
Sir: You will please proceed without delay to Hampton Roads with 
Commander Rhind as bearer of dispatches. 



SOUTH ATLAimO BLOCKADING 8QUADB0N. 118 

After taking in coal, you will return to Port Royal, unless otherwise 
ordered by the Navy Department. 
Respectfully, etc., 

S. F. Du Pont, 

Rear-Ad/invral. 

Lieutenant-Commander J. H. Upshur, 

U. S. S, Flambeau^ Charleston, 



Z 4ter from the Secretary of the Navy to Rear- Admiral Du Pontj 
TJ. JS. Navy^ transmitting copy of order issued hy the British vice- 
adm*ral to his subordinates regarding intercourse with blockaded 
ports. 

Navy Department, April 8^ 1863, 
Sir: I transmit herewith for your information a copy of an order 
that has been given by Vice- Admiral Sir Alexander Milne to the oflS- 
cers in command of her Majesty's ships composing his squadron, on 
the subject of intercourse with blockaded ports. 
I am, respectfully, etc., 

Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of the Navy. 

Rear-Admira« Saml. F. Du Pont, 

Comdg, South Atlantic Blockading Squadron^ Port Royal. 

[Enclosure.] 

Washington, March 27, 1863, 
My Dear Sir: With reference to the unofficial letters which passed 
between us on the 6tii instant, I send you a copy of an order on the 
subject of intercourse with blockaded ports which has been addressed 
by Vice- Admiral Sir Alexander Milne to the officers in command of 
her Majesty's ships under his orders. 
Yours, faithfully, 

Lyons. 

Hon. Wm. H. Seward 

[Snbenclosure.] 

CSrcular.] Nile, 

Bermuda, Fehrxuiry 16, 1863, 
Snt: The recent shipment of treasure from the blockaded ports of 
Mobile by her Majesty's ship Vesuvius, on the ground that it was 
certified by her Majesty's counsel to be bona fide British property, 
having convinced me that an erroneous impression as to the legal effect 
of a properly constituted blockade too generally prevails, I deem it 
right to point out to the officers in command of ships under my orders 
that even communication bv neutral ships of war with a blockaded 
port is permissive only, ana to be regarded as a relaxation of the more 
rigid rule of war. which formerly obtained and which would probably 
be again reverted to in a great maritime war; and further, that ships 
of war so communicating are not invested with a shadow of right to 
embark anv property with the object of passing the blockade. The 
captains of her Maj^y's ships under my orders are, therefore, unless 
at the requisition of her Majesty's minister at Washington, or with 



114 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING 8QUADB0N. 



the written permission of the officers commanding the blockading 
squadron, which they are, however, on no account to seek or ask for 
themselves, to refuse to receive for the above purpose any specie or 
other goods, whether bona fide British or not, except the official dis- 
patches of British and French consuls, and those of such consular 
officers of other powers in amity with the United States as were sent 
out in their official capacity and paid by their respective Governments, 
and who are not engaged in trade. 

I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

Alex. Milne, 

Vice- Admiral and Commander in Chi^f. 



Order of Cwptain Steedman^ U. S. Navy, to Acting Master Brodhead^ 
U, S. NavVy commanding U, S, S. B, Haie^ to proceed to the 
moxdh of whale Bra/nch as a lookout in that vicinity. 

U. S. S. Paul Jones, 

Port Royal, S. C, AprU 8, 1863. 

Sir: You will proceed with the E. B. Hah under your command to 
the mouth of Whale Branch for the purpose of keeping a vigilant 
lookout upon the enemy in that vicinity. 

You will use your own judgment in coming down to communicate 
with me. 

Respectfully, your obedient servant, 

Charles Steedman, 
Captain and Senior Officer Present. 

Acting Master Edgar Brodhead, 

U. S. S. K B. Hale, Pcxrt Royal S. C. 



Order of the Secretary of the Navy to the commandaml, 
Philadelphia, regarding the U. S. S. Cimarron 



navy yard^ 



Navy Department, AprU 9, 1863. 
Sir: Direct Cimarron, when ready, to proceed to Port Royal, in 
pursuance of last orders to her. 
I am, respectfully, etc., 

Gideon Welles, 

Secretary if^a/oy. 

Commodore C. K. Striblino, 

Commandant, Navy Yard, Philadelphia. 



Capture of the U. S. Army steamer George Washington , in the Coosaw 
River, near Port Royal Ferry, S. C, April 9, 1863. 

Bequest of Brigadier-General Saxton, V. S. Army, for the use of a gunboat. 

Beaufort, S. C, April 9, 1863—7 a. m. 
My Dear Captain: The George Wa^hinqton. has unfortunately got 
ten aground 1 mile east of Port Royal iTerry, and tihe "rebs" are 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOOKADIKG 8QUADB0N. 115 



peppering her with a light battery. Can you st.nd a gunboat to her 
reueff 

Yours, sincerely, 

R. Saxton, 
Brigadier- Oeneral^ Corrmumd/ing. 

Commander C. E. P. Bodoebs, U. S. Navy. 



Baport of Aeting Idontenant Brodhaad, V. S. Navy, oommanding V. S. S. E. B. Hale. 

U. S. S. E. B. Hale, 
Part Royal, April 9, 1863. 

Sm: I have the honor to inform you that in obedience to jrour order 
of yesterday, immediately on its receipt, and having received your 
verbal instructions at the same time, I got underway with this vessel 
to proceed to the Whale Branch. My pilot, William Jenkins, followed 
the Washington (conunanded by C!aptaiu Briggs, of the volunteer 
artillery) from Beaufort, until we were 4 mfles below Port Royal 
Ferry. This vessel then, at 1:30 p. m., grounded on a shoal, and 
swung directly across the river, stern to the enemy's shore. The 
Washington tried to pull us off, or slew us, but without success. Cap- 
tain Briggs then came on board this vessel, and asked me if he should 
remain by me, saying that I could not train my guns very well, and 
that he thought of running up the river aways and then return. 1 
replied that he could act as he saw proper, but that I did not anticipate 
any danger, though I should be glad to have his assistance at high 
water, if 1 could not get off without it. Captain Briggs then went 
with tJie Washington to Port Royal Ferry and returned. 

As soon as I found I was fast in the position named (stern to the 
enemy), I made the best preparations I could for an attack by training 
the forecastle rifle and the starboard broadside guns sharp on the quar- 
ter, making the after broadside gun a pivot gun by running it in from 
its port, elevating, and training it over the rail as nearly astern as 
possible, and breeching it with a hawser to ringbolts in the deck, hind 
trucks off. At low water we were high and dry. At night I obscured 
all lights about my vessel, and had perfect silence kept. 

We floated at 11 p. m.^nd my pilot preferring to go in the morn- 
ing. I anchored near the Washingtofi. At 4: 30 this morning I weighed 
ancnor and proceeded up river. 

At 6 a. m., then being half a mile above Port Royal Ferry, we heard 
several cannon shots in the direction from which we had come. My 
vessel was at that time touching on a shoal, in a very narrow place, 
and was only forced over by giving her all steam. I suppose the 
firing came from the Washington shelling the woods on her way up or 
down. 

I went through the North Whale Branch into Broad River, dropped 
anchor for a short time, and reconnoitered the shores without havmg 
thus far seen anything whatever worthy of note. I again weighed 
anchor and ran over as near to the enemy's side of Broad River as my 
pilot could go and reconnoitered, seeing a few mounted men moving 
about, and then, seeing a number of our men on shore at the South 
Whale Branch, I ran over for them to see if they could give me any 
information of the enemy. Arriving there, a boat put off, and an 
officer in it informed me that the Plnnter was ashore oeVov^ 
and attacked and needed assistance^ and that he was oxdeTe^ \o \\d.oTt&L 



116 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING 8QUADB0N. 



the Pavl Jones^ then at Whale Branch (this vessel). I at once put on 
all steam and stood down to assist her, and made every preparation to 
do so and to protect her. I got a hawser led aft to tow ner, sand bags 
around my exposed steam drum, sails and mattresses to protect tne 
cylinder, spare tiller shipped and relieving tackles hooked, hose led 
along, and every other necessary preparation for battle. Near the 
ferry I saw at five different points men and horses and fired five shots 
at them, eliciting no reply. When 3 miles below the ferry I came in 
sight of the wreck of the Washington^ abandoned, burned, and sunk 
at the edge of a marsh on our side, some 500 yards from the shore, 
where a group of our officers and soldiers were standing with two flags 
of truce flying. I stopped, lowered a boat, and sent Acting Assistant 
Paymaster Gilman to see if they wished to come off to this vessel, 
keeping my guns trained at the same time on the supposed position of 
the enemy. Mr. Gilman returned in the course of twenty minutes 
and informed me that the officer with whom he communicated did not 
belong to the Washington. Mr. Gilman asked him if the white fl^ 
were noisted for us. He replied no; that they were hoisted to the 
enemy; that four of the wounded of the Washinoton were left at the 
wreck, and the flags were hoisted that we mignt rescue them, and 
stated that the enemy were flying a flag of truce aBo. At this time such 
fli^ was seen on the enemy's side, and the shouts heard of one of the 
Waahingtonh wounded men who was lying deserted and half submerged 
in the marsh, whither he had crawled from the wreck, probably to be 
drowned by the rising tide. I then ordered a white nag at tne fore 
and sent Acting Assistant Surgeon Keith in a boat with restoratives to 
rescue the wounded and dving. Finding but this one, I took it for 

granted that the enemy had taken off the others, and sent Acting 
nsign Edwards to communicate with their flag oi ii uce. He leavned 
that they had taken off three others wounded, one of whom had died 
and been buried by them. I afterwards communicated with them 
myself to ascertain, if possible, whether all the wounded had been 
rescued from the marsh. I had the marsh well searched by our boats, 
but finding no more I passed the supposed position of their battery, 
hauled down the white flag, and made all possible haste to get the 
severely wounded men in nospital at Beauiort and to communicate 
with you, as you ordered me to do when my judgment might so dic- 
tate. I obeyed your orders to proceed to Whale Branch, and was 
engaged in keepmg the vigilant lookout ordered when called away as 
described, and although verbally instructed by you that you did not 
wish me to engage any batteries, 1 hope I did right to fire when I did, 
and to prepare to engage any battery which might be firing on the 
Washington, 

General Saxton came on board this vessel at Beaufort, and said at 
once to me that "it was a most disgraceful affair." I replied that I 
did not know how that might be so lar as the army officers were con- 
cerned, but that 1 felt I had done my duty. He demanded why I left 
the Washington. I informed him that I had your written orders to 

f)roceed to Whale Branch, and that 1 had done so, and that when I 
earned that an army boat needed assistance I went at once prepared to 
assist her, so long as there should be anything to fight for. He said 
that it had been reported to him that I came down flying a flag of 
truce. I e3rolainea why, and when I hoisted it, and that it was accord- 
ing to my ideas of the rules of war and of humanity to those wounded 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING 8QUADE0N. 117 

men abandoned on the wreck. General Saxton expressed himself as 

E leased to learn that the conduct of myself was not as disgmcef ul as 
8 supposed. 

If Captain Bnggs supposed that I would hazard my vessel by lying 
there until after sunrise, after having been aground from 1 till 11 
p. m., long enough to get a dozen field batteries in position, his ideas 
of proper precaution mffer from mine. We passed within 10 feet of 
the Washington when we came off the shoal, and could be plainly 
seen (as we were) by her, getting underway in the morning. 

I have been informed by the captain of the Waahhigton that they 
were not all up on board of her when attacked. I did not leave the 
Washington (tne faster boat and drawing much the least water); the 
Washington did not follow me. 

I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

Edgar Brodhead, 
Acting Lieutenant^ Coimnanding. 

Captain Charles Steedman, 

Senior Officer^ Port Boyal^ S. C. 



Letter from Brigtdiar-Oeneral Saxton, U. 8. Armj, to Rear- Admiral Da Pont, IT. 8. Navy, 
rtqnMting eooperation in remoyal of goni flrom the wreck. 

Beaufort, S. C, April 14,^ 1863. 
My Dear Admiral: l am anxious to recover the guns from the 
wreck of the Oeorge Washington. To do this a gunboat is necessary 
to protect mv workmen from the rebel guns. \Vill it be possible for 
me to have the Hale or some other boat for that purpose? 
I am, very truly, yours, 

R. Saxton, 
BrigaditV' Gmeral. 

Admiral Du Pont. 



Littor from Brigadior-Ooneral Saxton, U. 8. Armj, to Rear-Admiral Dn Pont, IT. 8. Navy, 
tranimitting opinion of a miUtary conrt of enqniry. 

Beaufort, S. C, April 21, 1863. 
My Dear Sir: Immediately after the loss of the George Wa^hiiig' 
ton I ordered a court of enquiry to investigate the circumstances of 
her loss. This they have done very caref ulfy and made a voluminous 
report. I have the honor to enclose for your information the sum- 
mmg up of their proceedings. 

I am, admiral, with great respect, your obedient servant, 

•R. Saxton, 
Brigadier*' General, Volunteers. 

Admiral Du Pont, 

Commanding South Atl<inti<: Blockading Squadron. 

[Enclosure.] 
Opinion of the court. 

In the midst of much conflicting testimony the court takes into con- 
sideration the following points of evidence: 

Ist The remaining of the George Washington in her exposed position 
was owing to the grounding of the Hale. 



118 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING 8QUADEON. 



2d. That the usual precautions were taken against surprise. 

3d. That silence prevailed on board; that tnere was no disorderly 
conduct or intoxication. 

4th. That the gunboat IlaU before light, and while there was fog 
over the water, left her position and started or proceeded toward the 
ferry without notice to tne George Washington. 

5th. That the euns of the George Washington were loaded, though 
the two guns loaded with canister were useless at the distance. 

6th. Tnat the signal of surrender was given by Captain Briggs. 

7th. That the fire raging in the boat rendered it necessary that a 
portion of the crew and soldiers should leave, the small boat of the 
ship bein^ the only one at hand, and capable of transporting only 
about a third of those on board. 

8th. That the rebels acknowledged the flag of surrender and ceased 
fire until they saw the men from the wreck escaping. 

9th. That the rebels sent a boat to take possession of their prize. 

After careful consideration of the evidence, the court is of opinion: 

1st. That the destruction of the boat George Washmgto?i is not charge- 
able to the neglect, ill conduct, or incompetency of the oflicers on board. 

2d. That the surrender of the boat and crew was acknowledged and 
accepted by the commandants of both parties. 

3a. That such surrender on the part of Captain Briggs was entirely 
unnecessary and uncalled for, and done under the excitement occa- 
sioned by his position, without proper consideration. 

4th. That his own retreat from the boat after hoisting a flag of sur- 
render is entirely unjustifiable and reprehensible. 

5th. That Captain Briggs had not proper control over his men and 
did not hold them in hand. 

6th. That Captain Briggs is to blame for not knowing of personal 
knowledge that his guns were loaded, and with what. 

7th. That had the Ilale remained for orders to move from Captain 
Briggs, who supposed himself in command, the whole affair might 
have been averted, or the result widely different, and therefore that 
the destruction of the boat is chargeable to the desertion by the Ilale 
of her consort, and the surrender of the boat is due to the culpable 
excitement and lack of presence of mind of Captain Briggs. 

The court respectfully states that no evidence has been offered on 
the part of the oflicers of the Ilal^. 

Very respectfully submitted. 

John Speidell, 

L{eutena7it' Colonel, Sixth Cotuiecticut Volunteers^ President. 

M. V. B. Richardson, 
Lieutena7it and Judge- Ad/oocaAe, 



Letter from Rear-Admiral Du Pont, U. 8. Havy, to Brigadier-Oeneral Saxton, IT. 8. Armj, 
annoancing hii intention of convening a naval conrt-martial. 

Flagship Wabash, 
P(yrt Royal Harh/r, S. C., April 27, 1863. 
General: The pressure of business has delayed my reply to your 
communication of the 21st instant, enclosing the opinion of the court 
of enguirv, in which the conduct of the commanding officer of the 
Ilale is alluded to as follows: 

7th. That had the Hale remained for orders to move from Captfliin Brisgs, who 
supposed himself in command, the whole affair might have been averted/ or the 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 119 



result widely^ different, and therefore that the destruction of the boat is chargeable 
to the desertion by the Hale of her consort, and the surrender of the >>oat is due to 
the culpable excitement and lack of presence of mind of Captain Briggs. 

I r^ret I could not have known of these circumstances, which took 

?lace during my absence from Port Roval, before I dispatched the 
I(de to the St. John's River; but I shall nave her relieved shortly and 
order her here that I may have these allegations investigated by a court 
of enquiry. 

You will perceive that Captain Briggs had no knowledge whatever 
of the nature of such cooperations between the two services, in which 
no officer of the one arm or the other can command both. 

Captain Briggs had no authority whatever over the commanding 
officer of the iSde. I shall, however, institute a minute enquiry into 
all the circumstances. 

Respectfully, etc., S. F. Du Pont, 

Rear-Adm iral. 

Brigadier-General R. Saxton, U. S. Volunteers, 

Beaufw't^ S, V. 



Letter from Rear-Admiral Du Pont, U. 8. Havy, to Major-Oeneral Hunter, U. 8. Armj, 
Toqneiting the names of mUitary witneesei to be caUed before the naval court. 

Flagship Wabash, 
Port Royal Harbor, S, May 1863. 

General: I received from Brigadier-General R. Saxton, under date 
of April 21, a communication enclosing the summing up of the pro- 
ceedings of a court of enquiry ordered by him to invejti^te the cir- 
cumstances of the loss of the army steamer Oearge WashuigUm on or 
about the 9th of April last. 

The court, in its opinion, has seriously implicated Acting Lieuten- 
ant E. Brodnead, the conmianding officer of the U. S. S. K B. Hale^ 
and Brigadier-General Saxton, by enclosing the same to me, has ren- 
dered it obligatory upon mjr part to institute an investigation. 

The E. B. Hale at the time Brigadier-General Saxton's letter was 
received was in the St John's River, but 1 had her relieved at the 
earliest possible moment, in order to have this investigation, which, I 
may add, was asked for by Lieutenant Brodhead so soon as he heard 
that hb conduct had been called in question. 

I have ordered a court of enquiry, which will begin its sessions 
to-morrow morning at 10 o'clock, to enauire into the conduct of Lieu- 
tenant Brodhead in connection with the loss of the George Washington. 

The court will be pleased to receive the evidence of those witnesses 
upon whose testimony the opinion of the court ordered by Briffadier- 
(Tcneral Saxton was based, particularly as no officer of the E. S. llale 
was cognizant of the fact tnat such a court was in session, nor, as far 
ad I know, any officer in the scjuadron. 

May I ask, general, if consistent with the usuages of the service, 
that you will cause to be furnished to the court convened by me a list 
of the names of such witnesses, and, if possible, to direct that they 
appear before the said court on board of tne U. S. ship Vermont. 
Respectfully, etc., 

S. F. Dd Pont, 

Rear Admiral. 

Major-General D. Hunter, 

(kmnumdmp Depart7?ient oftlie South. 



120 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING 8QUADE0N. 

Letter from Major-Oeneral Hunter, IT. B. Armj, to Rear-Admiral Bn Pont, U. 8. Havy, 
^ regarding the court of enquiry. 

Headquarters Department of the South, 

Hilton Head, S. May 17, 1863. 
Admiral: In the absence of Major-General Hunter I have the honor 
to acknowledge the receipt of your communication, dated the 14th 
instant, relative to the tourt of inquiry in the matter of the George 
Washington, 

Your verbal message authorizing me to open the package only reached 
me this morning, owmg to the neglect of the officer to whom it was 
intrusted. 

I transmit herewith a copy of letter showing the action taken at these 
headquarters. 

I have the honor to be, admiral, very respectfully, your most obedi- 
ent servant, 

Ed. W. Smtth, 
Assistant Adjutant- General. 

Rear-Admiral S. F. Du Pont, 

Comiruvnding South Atlantic Blockading Squadron. 



Letter from Major-Oeneral Hunter, J5. 8. Army, to Brigadier-Oeneral 8axton, U. 8. Army, 
requeiting Ust of the witnessei in mUitary court of enquiry. 

Headquarters Department of the South, 

HilUm Head, P</rt Royal, S. C, May 17, 1863. 
General: The major-general commanding directs that a list of the 
witnesses before the court of enquiry recently ordered by you to inves- 
tigate the circumstances of the loss of the steamer George Washinaton 
be sent to these headquaiters immediately. Also that such of these 
witnesses as are within your command be ordered to report without 
delay on board the U. S. ship Vermont to testify before a court of 
enquiry ordered by Rear-Admiral S. F. Du Pont, commanding South 
Atlantic Blockading Squadron, to investigate the same subject. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

Ed. W. Smith, 
Assistant Adjutant- General. 

Brigadier-Geneml R. Saxton, 

Commanding U. S. t^orces, Beaufort, S. C. 



Report of Rear-Admiral Du Pont, IT. 8. Navy, giving the finding of the court in the case 
of Acting Lieutenant Brodhead, V. 8. Hayy. 

No. 278.] Flagship Wabash, 

P<yrt Royal Harbm*, S. C, Juiie 2, 1863. 
Sir: I have the honor to forward herewith the proceedings of a court 
of enquiry convened on board the Vei'^mont on the 15th &y of May, 
1863, to investigate the conduct of Acting Lieutenant Edgar Brodhead, 
the conmianding officer of the U. S. S. E. B. Hale, in connection with 
the loss of the army steamer George Washington on the 9th of April 
last 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING 8QUADE0N. 121 



The Oeorge WoBhi/ngUm was lost in the Coosaw River during ray 
absence oflf Charleston, and after my return, to my surprise, I received 
a letter from Brigadier-General Saxton, under date of April 21 (for 
copy of this letter see page 5 of the record), enclosing an opinion of a 
court of enquiry held at Beaufort, S. C, without the knowledge of 
Lieutenant Broohead or any officer in the squadron, in which Acting 
Lieutenant Brodhead was severely censured, and the loss of that vessel 
attributed in part to him. (The opinion is set forth in the record, 
pages 6, 7, ana 8.) 

I considered it due, not only to the service but to Acting Lieutenant 
Brodhead, to have an investigation, which I niav say was immediately 
asked for b^ that officer so soon as he had heard that his conduct had 
been called in question. 

This investigation was full and open, and after full notice to Major- 
General Hunter, accompanied by a request [that] the witnesses who 
had been examined before the army court should be sent on board the 
Vermont. 

The finding of the court is " that the conduct of Acting Lieutenant 
Edgar Brodhead, commanding the U. S. S. B. Hale^ in connection 
witn the loss of the army steamer George Wmhiiigt&n^ is irreproach- 
able, and that no further militaiy proceedings are necessaiy in the 
case." 

I cordially approve of this finding of the court, and fully concur in 
this complete justification of the conduct of Acting Lieutenant Edgar 
Brodhead. 

Verv respectfully, yoxxr obedient servant, 

S. F. Du PoNT, 
Rear-Admiral^ Camdg. South Atlantic Blockading Service. 

Hon. Gideon .Welles, 

Secretary of the Nwoy, Washington^ D. 



[Telegram.] 

Charleston, April P, 1863. 
Greneral W. S. Walker destroyed an aimed steamer in the Coosaw 
River at daylight this morning; no casualties on our side. All quiet. 
Six monitors and Ironsides still within bar. 

G. T. BEAUREOAliD. 

General S. Cooper, 

Adjutant a/nd inspector Oeneral. 



Rep^^ Acting Master Dutch^ U. S. Namj., commanding U. S. hark 
KingjUher^ regarding exj}editi<m to Edido Mund^ South Carolina^ 
and capture of ca/oalry pickets. 

U. S. Bark Kingfisher, 
.sy. Helefiia Smmd^ April 10^ 1863. 
Sib: I have the honor to report that on the morning of the 9th 
James Hutchinson and William Bailey, contrabands, were brought to 
tiie ship by contrabands that have been under my protection. 
Upon ezamination 1 learned from Hutchinson tnat a body ot i^b^l 



122 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCK ADING SQUADRON. 



pickets were stationed on Edisto Island, with instructions to watch 
and report to the commander of the rebel camp at Adams Run all the 
movements of our gunboats and troops in Edisto River and vicinity. 

Conceiving it .to be a safe and easy matter to capture them, I left 
the ship at 6 p. m. with the launch, in charge of Acting Ensign Rhoades; 
first cutter, in charge of Acting Master's Mate Jordan, and my gig, 
taking with me Surgeon Wescott, having in all 35 men from the ship, 
well armed with rifles, having our howitzer in the launch; also allowed 
10 conti-abands to accompany us. Proceeded to Edisto, landed at Mid- 
dleton's estate, then proceeaed by land about 1 mile to the estate of 
Mr. Whaley, where we surprised and captured Sergeant Townsend 
Mikell, R. E. Seabrook, J. J. Wescoat, A. C. Lee, W. S. Murray, 
W. B. Whaley, F. M. Bailey, Joseph Eddings, and W. G. Baynard, 
privates belonging to Third South Carolina Regiment, with their arms 
and accouterments, consisting of 9 carbines, 2 sabers, 3 saddles and 
bridles, and a small quantity of ammunition, all of which I herewith 
forward to you, the only casualty being a rifle shot in the left ankle of 
Mr. Rhoades, a report of which Surgeon Wescott herewith forwards. 
Although the expedition was unauthorized, I felt it to be my duty, 
and inasmuch as some of these prisoners had something to ao with 
capturing two of your men from tne Femand/ina^ trust you will justify 
the act. 

I am, most respectfully, your obedient servant, 

J. C. Dutch, 
Actifig Master^ in Command. 



Abstract log of the U, S. hark Kingfisher^ Acting Master Dutch^ U. S. 

Navy^ comma/nding. 

April 9, 1863, — At 10 a. m. received 2 contrabands, deserters from 
from Mikell's cavalry pickets. At 5 p. m. Captain Dutch, in the gig. 
Acting Ensign Rhoades, in launch, and Acting Master's Mate F. Jor- 
dan, in first cutter, left the ship with 35 riflemen, together with the 2 
deserters, and proceeded to Edisto for the purpose of capturing rebel 
pickets. 

April 10.— At 7 a. m. the expedition returned with 9 rebel cavalry 
pickets and the arms. Mr. Rhoades wounded in the left foot. At 
9:30 Captain Dutch and Master's Mate Nelson took the prisoners to 
Port Royal. 



Letter from the Secretary of the Nam/ to Eear-Admiral Du Pont^ 
U, S. Ncmy^ rega/rding complaint from the British minister of appar- 
ent discourtesies on the part of commanding officers. 

Navy Department, April 10, 1863. 
Sir: Admiral Sir Alexander Milne, commanding her Britannic 
Majesty's forces on the coast of North America and in the West 
Indies, has complained to the British minister of discourtesy in sun- 
dry instances by our commanders in firing a shot across the bows of 
the vessels instead of a blank cartridge, it has been stated in reply 
that this apparent discourtesy was doubtless in consequence of the 
great vigilance of oui* officers in having all their guns shotted while 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 123 



on belligerent duty and from no want of comity; but in order to pro- 
servo a friendly feeling it is suggested that it would bo well, as a 
rule, to have one small ^n loaded with blank cartridge to be used by 
day as the preparatory signal of warning in accordance with the usage 
of the sea service. A vessel approaching the blockade at night witn- 
out making the usual signals is not entitled to any of the courtesies of 
the sea. 

I am, respectfully, etc., 

Gideon Welles, 

Secreta/ry of the Navy, 

Rear- Admiral Saml. F. Du Pont, 

Oomdg. South Atlantic Blockading Squadron ^ Port Royal ^ S. C. 



Bepart of Captain Steedman ,, U. S. Nairy^ of the amval of the trans- 
j>ort steamer Thames at Port Boyal^ S. C.^ in disabled conditio7i. 

U. S. S. Paul Jones, 
Port Boyal, S. Aj)ril 10, 1863. 
Sir: In the aljsence of Rear- Admiral Du Pont I have the honor to 
report that the transport steamer Thames,^ with stores for the Gulf 
Squadron, arrived here this morning in a disabled condition. 

It will take a week to repair her so that she can proceed on hei 
voyage. 

I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

Chas. Steedman, 
Captain and Senior Officer Present 

Hon. Gideon Welle3, 

Secretary U. S. Navy. 



Order of Captain, Steedman,^ U, S. Navy, to the master of the schooner 
S. W. Simmops, regarding the disposition of a cargo of coal. 

U. S. S. Paul Jones, 
Port Boyal ITarloi\ S. C, Api^ 10, 1863. 
Sir: In accordance with a verbal agreement made with you by 
Ensign James Wallace, you will proceed with your cargo of coal to 
Charleston Bar and report to the senior officer present. 

In case of your vessel being captured, injured, or destroyed by th ) 
enemy while engaged in this service, you will be remunerated in ful* 
in proportion to the damage received. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

Charles Steedman, 
Captain and Senior Offix^er Pi^esent. 

Isaac Wiluams, 

Master of Schooner S. W. Simmons. 



Coniidential instructivfis from the Secretary of the Navy to Bear- 
Admiral Du Pont^ U. S. Navy, regai'ding operations off Charleston^ 
S» C. 

Navy Depar™ent, April 11, 1863. 
Sir: It has been suggested to the Department by the Pi-esidont that 
in view of operations elsewhere, and especially by t\\G Xt\\\^^ ol \Xv^ 



124 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



Potomac, that vou should retain a strong force off Charleston, even 
should you findf it impossible to carry the place. 

You will continue to menace the rebels, keeping them in apprehen- 
sion of a renewed attack, in order that they may be occupied^and not 
come North or go West to the aid of the rebels with whom our forces 
will soon be in conflict. Should you be successful, as we trust and 
believe you will be, it is expected that General Hunter will continue 
to keep the rebels employed and in constant apprehension, so that they 
shall not leave the vicinity of Charleston. Tnis detention of the iron- 
clads, should it be necessary in consequence of a repulse, can be but 
for a few days. 

I trust that your success will be such that the ironclads can be or 
will have been dispatched to the Gulf when this reaches you. 

There is intense anxiety in regard to your operations. This day 
[12th] is the anniversary oi the assault on Sumter, and God grant that 
its recurrence may witness the destruction of that fortress by our 
naval forces under your command. 

I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of ike NoAxy. 

Real- Admiral S. F. Du Pont, 

Coindg. South Atlantic Blockading Sqxuidron^ Port Royal^ S. C, 



Report of Rear- Admiral Du Pont^ U. S, Navy^ regardi/rvg the pro- 
posed dispatching of ironclads to New Orleans. 

No. 171.] Flagship New Ironsides, 

Inside Charl^ton Bar^ April 11^ 1863. 

Sir: I have the honor to acknowledge your dispatch of the 2d 
instant, marked confidential, and shall make every effort to dispatch 
immediately five ironclads to New Orleans. 

The Department has already been informed of the loss of the Keo- 
kuk. I will retain, in obedience to its orders, two, the Passaic and 
Mofitauk^ these being the most injured and the weakest, and their 
XV-inch guns having been much more frequently fired than those of 
the others. 

I did not understand that the Department included the New Iron- 
sides in its order, and our failure to take Charleston renders it, in my 
judgment, necessary that she should resume her station off Charleston, 
as the great protective force of the blockading vessels against raids 
from the rebel rams, now increased, as I have reason to believe, to 
three, and I can assure the Department from my recent experience 
that she would be wholly unmanageable in the rapid currents of the 
Mississippi. 

\evy respectf ullv, your obedient seiTant, 

S. F. Du Pont, 
Rear- Admiral^ Comdg, South Atlantic Blockading Squa^dron. 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of the NoAxy^ Washington. 



SOUTH ATJiAimC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 125 
[Telcgraxn.] 

Navy Department, AprH 11, 1863. 

Has a small box for Admiral Du Pont been received b}^ you from 
the Ordnance Bureau? 

Let the Cimarroti, proceed direct to Charleston Bar to report to 
Admiral Du Pont. 

Gideon Welles. 

Commodore C. K. Stribling, 

Cammundant Navy Yard^ Ph iladelph ia, 



Report of Captain Steedmm ^ ZL S. Mmi/^ mi i/tr officer off Port Royal^ 
S. CI, regarding affairs on that station. ' 

U. S. S. Paul Jones, 
Port Royal, S. C, April 11, 1863. 
Adbhral: I herewith transmit several official dispatches received 
this moi-ning. As I am not authorized by your instructions to open 
any which may come here during your absence, I could not take it 
upon myself to do so. Everything* is quiet at this point. 

With the facilities at the workshop the WismKickon can not be 
repaired to make her serviceable. I will therefore keep her until 
further orders. 

A picket guard of 9 men was captured two days since by Acting 
Master Dutch, commanding the bark Kin^ffi^her. ' It was handsomely 
done, and reflects much credit upon Captain Dutch. The prisoners I 
have placed on board of the Vermont. 

Your letter of the 7th instant, ordering coal to be sent to the fleet 
off Charleston, was not received until last night. I have dispatched 
the only coal schooner in the harbor in tow of the steam tug Daffodil. 

The steam tug Oleander aiTived here this morning from rJew i ork. 
She will require some slight repairs to her engines. 

I have the honor to be, sir, your obedient servant, 

Charles Steedman, 
Captain and Senior Officer Present. 

Bear-Admiral S. F. Du Pont, 

Commanding South Atlantic BlocJcading Squadron. 



Report of Commander Balch^ U. S. Navy^ scnwr officer in Stono InUt^ 
regarding affairs on tliat station. 

U. S. Steam Sloop Pawnee, 
Stono Inlet^ South Carolina., April 11, 1863. 
Sir: I have the honor to report all very quiet in Stono. From pres- 
ent indications I have every reason to believe that the enemy, except 
in small force, has been withdrawn from this vicinity. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

Geo. B. Balch, 
Ckyinmander and Senior Officer Present. 

Bear-Admiral S. F. Du Pont, 

Comdg. South Atkmtic Blockading Stiuadron.^ Port Royal S.C. 



126 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING 8QUADEON. 



Dest/ncction of th^e steaniei* Stoneioall ^JkcJcson in attempting to run into 
Charleston, S. April 1863. 

Report of Captain Oreen, IT. 8. Navy, commiknding IT. 8. 8. Canandaifn^a. 

U. S. Steam Sloop Ganandaigua, 

Off Charleston, April 12, 1863. 
Sir: I have respectfully to report that last night, between 11 and 12 
o'clock, a steamer, bound in, succeeded in passing the steamers Fl<^ 
and Huron and schooners America and jBlnnt, stationed in and on 
the Rattlesnake Channel [Shoal]. Each of the blockading vessels named 
fired at her repeatedly, and at daylight this morning the steamer was 
discovered abandonea, on fire, and fast aground about one-half of a 
mile from the beach and 1^ miles from the Breach Inlet batteries. 

She was probably struck and set on fire by the shell fired at her, 
and is apparently a complete wreck. 
She is an iron side-wheel steamer of 600 or 700 tons. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

J. F. Green, 

Captain. 

Bear- Admiral S. F. Du Pont, 

Comdg. SmUh Atlarttic Blockdg. Stpiadron, off Chxirleston, S. C. 



[Telegram.] 

Headquarters Army of Potomac, April 1863. 
The following dispatches are found in Richmond Dispatch of to-day: 

Charlkston, April IS. 
Last night the steamer Stoneivall Jaeksont formerly the Leopard^ while attempting 
to run into this harbor was hotly chased by a half dozen blockaders, which fired at 
the Stonewall, and she received several shots through her hull. Captain Black, find- 
ing it impossible to escape, ran the steamer on the beach and bumea her. The crew 
and passengers took to the boats and have reached here. Very little was saved 
exceiptin^ the mails and the passengers' effects. The steamer burned to the water's 
edge in sight of the Yankees. Her cargo consiste<l of several pieces of field artillery, 
200 barrels of saltpeter, 40,000 army shoes, and a large assortment of merchandise. 

GoLDSBORO, April IS, 
The news of a partial victory over the abolitionists near Washington, [N. C], 
reached us to-day. It appears that the Yankees under Foster, marching to the relief 
of Washington, now invested by our troops, were met en route last Thureday evening 
near Bland's Creek by General Pettigrew. No loss on our side. 

Danl. Butterfield, 
Major- Oeneral, Chief of Staff. 

Captain G. V. Fox, 

Assistant Secretary Nanyy. 



Report of Captain Haikell, C. 8. Armj. 

Battery Marshall, AprH IS, 1863. 
Captain: The steamer Stonewall Jackson, just from Nassau, [New 
Providence], was iired into last night and chased ashore on Long Island 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADINa SQUADRON. 127 

by the abolitionists. She was set on tire at daylight by her captain 
and will prove a total loss. Her passengers, officers, and crew are now 
at this post, 64: in number. 

It is a pity that she was fired, as she was under the protection of my 
battery. 

1 am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

Charles T. Haskell, Jr., 

Captain, Commanding, 

Captain William Greene, 

Aasiatant AdjxUant- GeneraL 



Report of Acting Lieutenant Brodhead^ U, S, Na^iyy^ cmnmanding 
U. o. S. E, B. Hale^ regarding e^peditioji in Coosaw Hirer. 

U. S. S. E. B. Hale, 
Port RoyaL S. C, April L% 1863. 

Admiral: I have the honor to inform you that in obedience to orders 
from Captain Steedman I proceeded with this vessel on the 11th 
instant to shell the woods opposite the wreck of the army boat Wash- 
ington^ demolished by a fieia battery of the enemy, above the brick- 
yard and some 4 miles below Port Royal Ferry. 

I left Beaufort at 4 a. m. on the 1 2th instant, and went as far as I 
could with the low water and until I grounded, and when the tide rose 
towed the wreck as far as mv pilot informed me I could go and have 
room to turn my vessel, witnin easy rifle mnge of the jposition occu- 
pied by the enemy's battery when it destroy^ the Wasnifigt^/n on the 
9th instant. 1 then anchored by 'the stern while the tide was running 
up, and with my rifle shelled the position of the battery, and with my 
starboard broadside guns the adjacent woods, where I had been informed 
by an army oflScer numbers of the enemy had been seen, with look- 
outs up a very tall old tree. I found such a tree in the^>c woods, in 
the top of which were perched most of the day two large black eagles 
or buzzards, but saw no signs of the enemy. I shelled those places 
for three hours. I could perceive no movement on the part of our army 
(who had a batterv of four rifled guns in position to cover the wreck) 
to reach the wreck and get her guns, under cover of my tire. 

At 4 p. m., with high water, 1 moved up half a mile nearer, to cover 
any sucn movement on the part of the army, and lay there until after 
8 p. m. with all lights obscured, when it was so dark that the enemy 
could not see me leave, as I was obliged to do, in order not to get 
aground at low water, Captain Steedman having charged me not to 
hazard my vessel in any improper manner. I men storted to come 
down to report to Captain Steedman, but had not left early enough to 
crass the shoal at the brick vard, where I grounded and lay till J a. m., 
when I floated again, ran down to Beaufort, and anchored. At 9.30 
a. m. I got underway and came down to this harl)or for further orders. 

I mme the report of my cruise to the Whale Branch and Broad 
River (via the bnckyard and Port Royal Ferry) and back, on which 
route it was reported that a battery, or batteries, had ])een erected by 
the enemy, to Captain Steedman, which report I suppose he has laid 
before you; and, after the remarks of General Saxton, I should b© 
N w R — ^VOL 14 9 



128 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING 8QUADBON. 

pleased, sir, have an expression of your opinion as to my course on 
that occasion. 
I am, sir, respectfully, your very obedient servant, 

Edgar Brodhead, 

Acting Lieutena/nt, Commanding. 

Admiral S. F. Du Pont, 

Cojndg, South Atlantic Blockading Squadron^ Port Royal^ S, C. 



Report of Rear- Adm iral Ihi Pont^ U, S, Namy^ regarding the U. S, S. 

Memphis. 

No. 178.] Flagship Wabash, 

Part Royal Harbor, S. C, April IS, 1863. 
Sir: Enclosed is a survey* (marked No. 1) on the U. S. S. Memphis, 
Lieutenant-Commander Watmough. 

As the vessel can not be repaired here I have ordered her to Phila- 
delphia, directing Lieutenant-Commander Watmough to report to the 
Department by letter. 

Very respectfullv, your obedient servant, 

S. F. Du Pont, 
Rear- Admiral., Coindg. South Atlantic Blockading Squad/roi\. 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of the Navy, Washington., D. 61 



Order of Rear- Admiral Ihi P(m,t, U. S. Nary, to Li^tenant- Com- 
mander Watmau^ah, U. S. Navy, commanding U. S. S. Memphis, 
to proceed to Philadelphia for repairs to that vessd. 

Flagship Wabash, 
Pi/rt Royal HarUr, S. C, April IS, 186S. 
Sir: Your vessel having been injured by a collision with the Keokuk, 
requiring repairs which can not be made here, you will please proceed 
with her to Philadelphia, reporting on your arrival to the commandant 
of the navy yard, and through him to the Department by letter. 
Respectfully, vour ol^ient servant, 

S. F. Du Pont, 
Rear- Admiral, Catndg. South Atkmtic Blockading Squadron. 

Lieutenant-Commander P. G. Watmough, 

U. S. S. Memphis, Port Royal. 

P. S. — You will, on your arrival, turn over Adkins, the pilot of the 
Aries, to the commandant of the Philadelphia yard. The Department 
has been written to about him. 



ReiHjrt if Captain Taylor, U. S. Nam/, cmnmanding U. S. S. Jlouna- 
tofiic, of the escape of a small boat through the blockade. 

U. S. S. HOUSATONIC, 

Off Charlesto7\, April IS, 186S. 
Sir: I have to report that a boat was seen soon after 4 o'clock this 
morning pulling rapidly and noiselessly past us, on the offshore side. 

*Not necessary to publish. 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



129 



I immediately fired upon her with small arms, when she pulled across 
our stern, passing between this ship and the Augmta^ and soon, almost 
instantly, lisappeared in the direction of the land. As she was passing 
Bi^ross the stern we got one shot at her from a 12 -pounder howitzer. 

The rapidity with which she was pulling, and her almost instant 
disappearance^ rendered useless any pursuit by boats. At daylight 
nothing could be seen of her. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

Wm. Rogers Taylor, 

Captai7i. 

Ck)mmodore T. Turner, 

Senio7* Officer Present, 



Ordi^ of Rear-Admiral Ihi P<mt^ U. S. Xavy^ to Commander Beau 
tnofit^ U. S. Navy. cat)imand!ng U. S, S, SSago^ to proceed to North 

Edisto, s. a 

FiAGSHip Wabash, 
Port Royal Harh^r, S. April 13, 1863. 
Sir: You will proceed with the U. S. S. Sebago under your com- 
mand to North Edisto, relieving the U. S. S. South Caroliim^ which 
vessel proceeds at once off Charleston. 
Respectfully, etc., 

S. F. Du Pont, 

Rear- Admiral. 

Commander J. C. Beaumont, 

U. S. S. Sebago. 



Order of Rear- Admiral Du Pont, U. S. Navy^ to Captain St^man., 
U. S. Na/oiK commjanding U. S. S. Paid fJones^ to as&um^ comm^ind 
of the U. k S. P(ywhatan. 

Flagship Wabash, 
Piyrt Royal Ilarbrrr, S. C, April 13, 1863. 
Sir: You are hereby detached from the U. S. S. Paul J</n^Ji and 
will assume command of the U. S. S. Paiohatan until the pleasure of 
the Department is known. 

You will proceed in the Paul Jones off Charleston to take command 
of your ship, reporting to Commodore Turner for blockading duty. 

Lieutenant-Commander Williams will take command temporarily of 
the Paul Jom^s. 

Respectfully, etc., 

S. F. Du Pont, 

Rear- Admiral. 

Captain C. Steedman, 

U. S. S. Paid Jones. 



130 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



Order of Rear- Admiral Du Parity U. S. Navy^ to Lieutenant' Com- 
manaer Williams, U, S. Navy^ to asmvie command of the U, S. S. 
^Pavl Jones, 

Flagship Wabash, 
Port Royal Harbor, S. 6"., April IS, 1863. 
Sir: You are hereby detached from the Pmohatan and ordered to 
take command temporarily of the J\ml Jones until Commander Rhind, 
who has been ordered to her, returns from the North. 
Respectfully, etc., 

S. F. Du Pont, 

Rear'Admiral, 

Lieutenant-Commander E. P. Williams, 

U, S. S. Po^v/iatan, off Charleston. 



Letter from Rear-Admiral Du Pont, U. S. Navy, to Onnnwdore 
Turner, U. S, Na/vy, informing him of certain transfers of com- 
mand. 

Flagship Wabash, 
P(yrt Royal' Harh(yi\ S. C, April IS, 186S. 
Sir; Captain Steedman ha« been ordered to the command of the 
Pmchatan until the pleasure of the Navy Department is known. 
Lieutenant-Commander Williams, now on boara the Powhatan, has 
been directed to assume the command of the Paul Jones until he shall 
be relieved by Commander Rhind. 

You will please assign the Paul Jones to blockading duty off 
Charleston. 

Respectfullv, etc., 

S. F. Du Pont, 

Rear- Admiral. 

Commodore T. Turner, 

U. S. S, New Ironsides, off Charleston. 



Order <f Rear- Admiral Du Pont, IL S, Nany, tv Commander Reu- 
nolds, U. S. Navy, vommandifuj U. S. shiv Vermont, regarding the 
transfer of the crew of U, S. ironclad Keolcuk. 

Flagship Wabash, 
Pcrrt Royal Harbor, S. C, April IS, 1863. 
Sir: The crew of the ironclad Keokuk having been transferred to 
the U. S. ship Vermont, they will be considered as liable to draft to 
fill up the complement of various vessels in the squadron for general 
service. 

You will please direct Paymaster Read, of the Keokuk, to prepare 
requisite transfer rolls, giving the names, rates, and, if possible, the 
date and duration of enlistment. In case he can not furnish the latter 
information you will be pleased to learn the same from the men them- 
selves, and have it appear on the ti-ansfer rolls. 

Although the men are necessarilv transferred with their original 
i*atings wher enlisted, reference will be had in drafting them to the 
vessels requiring petty officers, giving these men the preference. 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 131 

You will direct Acting Assistant Paymaster Isaacs to place these men 
on the lxK)ks of the Vermant, 
Respectfully, etc., 

S. F. Du Pont, 

Rear'AdmiraL 

Commander W. Reynolds, 

S. Ship Vertnont. 



Otder of Commodore TurniT^ U, S, Navy^ to Commander Pattet*fton^ 
U, S. Navy^ commanding I\ S, S, Jame^ Ad4jn\ regarding nignah 
in ra^e of night att-t-mpt^ to run t/te hlochade. 

U. S. S. New Ironsides, 
Off CharleHton, April Li, 186:). 
Sir: Hereafter any veasel of the blockading force off this port dis- 
covering a vessel during the night attempting to run the blockade 
will fire one or more iwkets or guns as a signal that the attempt is 
l)eing made. 

Immediately after burn a white light, if the vessel is outward l>ound; 
a green light or blue light if inward bound; the light to l)e continued 
every ten minutes if the chase be continued. 

Very i-espectfullv, vour obedient servant, 

T. Turner, 

Commodore, 

Commander Tiios. [H.J Patterson, 

Connnandrng U, S. S. Jam^s Adger. 



Order of Rear- Admiral I)u Pont, U, jS, Navy, to Commander Fair- 
fax, il. S. Najw, eomjnanding TL S, S, Nantarht, to a^sMume com- 
mand of the if. S, S. Montauk, 

Flagship Wabasii, 
P(yrt Royal Harbor, S. r., April hi, 1863. 
Sir: You are hereby detached from the U. S. ironclad Xaniiwket 
and will relieve Captain J. L. Worden in the command of the U. S. 
ironclad Montauk^ who returns to the North in consequence of ill 
health. 

You will immediately prepare the Montauk for service and report 
to me when readv. 

Respectfully, etc*., 

S. F. Du Pont, 

Rear- Admiral. 

CV>mmander D. McN. Fairfax, 

r. S. S. Nantucket. 



tPrdrr of Rear 'Admiral Du Pont., U. S. Navy., to comma?iding offrern 
of irondada, U) jyn^arr f<tr nervice in the Gulf o f Mr,ricff. 

Confidential.] Flagship Wabash, 

Prrrt Royal IIarho\ S. C, April I J. 1863. 
Sib: You will please prepare the U. S. ironchid Weehawkm, under 
your command, for service in the (lulf of Mexico, and will rei>ort to 



132 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 

me so soon as you are ready to leave this harbor, when more specific 
orders will be given. 
A steamer to tow you will be got ready. 
Respectfully, etc., 

S. F. Du Pont, 

Rear-Admiml, 

Captain John Bodoebs, 

U, jS. S. Wee/uiwken^ Port Royal. 

[Similar orders to Commander D. Ammen, U. S. S. Patapsco; 
Commander J. Downes, U. S. S. Nahant; Commander Geo. [W.] 
Rodgers, U. S. S. Catskill; Commander [D. McN. Fairfax], U. S. S. 
Nantucket, 



Letter from' the President's Sea^etai^y to the Assistant Secretary, of 
the Jsavv^ traimnitting copy of orders from the Premdmt to Kear- 
Adniirat Du Pmit^ if. S. Scmy. 

Executive Mansion, 
Washington^ November 3, 1863. 
Mt Dear Sir: Herewith 1 transmit a correct copy of the Presi- 
dent's dispatch of the 13th April to Admiral Du Pont. The original 
is on file at the War Department. 
Your obedient servant, 

John Hay. 

Hon. G. V. Fox. 

[Enclosure.— Telegram.] 

Washington, D. C, 
May [April] 13, 1863—3:^0 p. m. 
Hold your position inside the bar near Charleston, or if you shall 
have left it, return to it, and hold it till further orders. Do not 
allow the enemy to erect new batteries or defenses on Morris Island. 
If he has begun it drive him out. I do not herein order you to renew 
the general attack. That is to depend on your own discretion or a 
further order. 

A. Lincoln, 

President. 

Rear- Admiral S. F. Du Pont. 



Ch*der of the President to Major- General Hunter^ U. S. Amiy^ and 
Rear- Admiral Du Pont., U. S. Navy, regarding opet*atio7is against 
the def crises of Charlestwi, S. C. 

Private.] Executive Mansion, 

Washington, April 14'j 1863. 
This is intended to clear up an apparent inconsistency between the 
recent order to continue operations before Charleston and the former 
one to remove to another point in a certain contingency. No censure 
upon you or either of you is intended. We still nope that by cordial 
and judicious cooperation you can take the batteries on Morns Island 
and Sullivan's Island and Fort Sumter. But whether vou can or not, 
we wish the demonstration kept up for a time for a collateral and very 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADINO SQUADRON. 



133 



important object. We winh the attempt to l)e a real one (though not 
a oesperate one) if it affords any consiaeral)le chance of .sucoesn. But 
if prosecuted as a dcmouHtrntion only, this must not l)ecoine public or 
the whole effect will be lost. Or\ce^ again before Charlaston, do not 
leave till further orders from here. Of course this is not intended to 
force you to leave unduly exposed Hilton Head or other near points in 
your charge. 

Yours, truly, 

A. Lincoln. 

General Hunter and Admiral Du Pont. 

P. S. — Whoever receives this first, please send a copy to the other 
immediately. 

A. L. 



Bt'/Mfrt f)f Bear- Admiral Du Pont^ U. S. Xavy, reqicesting additional 
vessels in vi^w of (he weakened amdititm o f the hIockad<\ 

No. 180.] Flagship Wabash, 

Port Royal Ilai^r, S. Aj/ril U, 1863. 
Sir: If the Department can send me one or more steamers to tow 
the ironclads to the Gulf, or to i-eplace those which I may have to take 
from the blockading force, it will be very desirable. 

1 have lost the services of so many vessels alreadv by breaicing down 
that the blockade will be very much weakened, he Ottawa^ Quah^r 
City^ Water Witch^ Ciinart^}^ and Merced ita are now at the north; 
the Florida and Bienville have been detached; the Memphis and 
Wissahichon both go north for repairs, and the Mohawl\ Seneca^ Mar- 
hlehead^ and Potoniska are represented as unfit for service, and the 
Keystone State can do no outside work. 

Very respectfullv, your obedient servant, 

S. F. Du Pont, 
Rear-Admiral^ Comdg. South Atlantic BlfK'kading Squadron. 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of the Navy^ WashingUm. 



[Telegram.] 

Headquarters Army Potomac, April 1863. 
We have Richmond papei*s of 13th. Nothing new from Charleston. 
Details from Charleston papei*s of the attack on the 7th. The tele- 
graphic items are of date the 10th and report no change in position of 
affairs; all auiet. The arrival of steamer Ella and Annie from Nas- 
sau, [New Providence], formerly of New Orleans and Galveston, with 
cargo of merchandise and Havana sugar, is telegraphed from Charleston 
April 10. Do you wish details mentioned? 

D. Bl^tterfield, 
Major- Oentral, Ch ief of Staff. 

G. V. Foj 



134 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 

Order of Rear- Admiral Du Payit, LL S. Navy^ to Commander Colhoun^ 
U. S\ Nary^ commanding IL S. S. Lodorva^ to proceed to duty <m the 
Charlestim hlockad<\ 

Flagship Wabash, 
Port Royal Harhor, S. April 186S. 
Sir: You will please proceed with the Lodona under your command 
off Charleston, reporting for blockading duty to Commodore Turner, 
stopping on your way at North Edisto, delivering the ac<;ompanying 
dispatch, and taking in tow off Charleston the yacnt America. 
Respectfullv, etc^, 

S. F. Du Pont, 

Rear- Admiral, 

Commander E. R. Colhoun, 

Ui S, S. Lodona, 



Report of Acting Master Dutch,, U, S, Navy^ giving information regard- 
ing a Confederate rendezvom mi Pritclvard^n Inland. 

U. S. Bark Kingfisher, 
^. Udena Sound, April U, 1863. 

Sir: I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of geneml orders. 
» -K- * * * * » 

I would also report that from information I have obtained of late 
that a man by the name of Pritchard, living on Pritchard\s Island^ is 
now, and has been for some time, in my opinion, communicating with the 
eneni}', and that his house has been a rendezvous for spies and desert- 
ers from our camps, and that evidences of the fact might be found by 
an examination of the premises. The ship has be^n leaking from 3i 
to 4 inches per hour; the magazine well leaks 4 or 5 gallons per day. 
We are obliged to pay close attention to our pumps, and also to spong- 
ing the magazine well. 

I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

J. C. Dltpch, 
Acting Ma^te7\ Commayiding. 

Rear-Adminil S. F. Du Pont, 

Commanding South Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 



Report of Commander Balch,^ U. S, Navy^ trqmmittin^ lettei* to tlie 
chief quartermmtei' at Hilton Head,, S. regarding coal, 

U. S. Steam Sloop Pawnee, 
Stono Inlet,, South Carolina, Api'il 1863, 
Sir: I herewith enclose a letter to Chief Quartermaster Ingham 
Coryell in relation to coal from the schooner Eva Bella, I nave 
received from that vessel 141 tons and 2,080 pounds of coal, I was 
not able to afford assistance in ballasting him, as I have heretofore done 
for other vessels, and he said it was necessary to have some ballast to 
take him to Port Royal, he having been ordered there. My launch is 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



135 



up with the troops on Folly Island, and I can not spare niy boats. 
We have coal enough now to last for some time, as also the McDon&ugh, 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

Geo. B. Balch, 

Fleet Captain C. R. P. Kodoers, U. S. Navy. 

[EncIoRurc] 

U. S. Steam Six)op Pawnee, 
Stono In/^t, South Caro/hirt^ April IJ^^ ISGS, 
Captain: I have the honor to report that I have received from the 
schooner Eva Bella 136 tons and 2,080 pounds of coal. 

I have not entirely' discharged the cargo of (^oal, as Captain Lee 
said it was necessary for him to have some ballast to take him to Port 
Royal, and I could not spare boats to ballast him, as I had heretofore 
done. My launch is up the Folly River on duty with the troops, and 
I have therefore left in the schooner a sufficient amount of l)allast, and 
have directed him to report to you at Hilton Head. 
Very respectfull}^ your obedient sei-vant, 

Geo. B. Balch, 
Com.}nander a)ul Senior Offi<*'fn\ Stono Inlet. 

Captain and Acting Chief Quartermaster Ingham Coryell, 

Tenth Army Corpn^ Hilton Head^ S. C, 



Letter from the Secretary oftlve Navy to Mr. Eriesftmi^ referring to the 
operations of the troncl-ads in tne attack on Cfuvrleston^ S. C. 

Navy Department, Aj)7'i/ 15^ 186S. 

Sir: The official reports of the commanders relative to the late attack 
at Charleston are not vet received, but will be forwarded as soon as 
they come to hand, the confidence of the Department in this class of 
vessels is not shaken by the result, so far as known. 

I have to request that you will suggest such improvements and alter- 
ations as may occur to you after obtaining all the details. 

The Lehigh and Sangamm will remain for the present at Hampton 
Roads, and work can be done upon them there. 
Very respectfully, 

Gideon. Welles, 

Secretary of the Navy, 

Captain John Ericsson, 

Neio York, 



Report of Rear- Admiral Du Pont^ U. S, Navy, regarding the dispo- 
sition of the vessels of his command. 

No. 186.] Flagship Wabash, 

Port Royal Harbor, S. C, April 15. 18GS. 

Sir: 1 have the honor to report the following positions on blockade 
of the vessek of this squadron: 

At Georgetown, U. S. S. Qmemmigh. 

Buir« Bay, U; S. S. Lod(ma. 



136 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON, 



Olf ('harleston, U. S. S. New fronside^^ llomatonk\ Pmi^lmtan^ 
H^Kj^ Sonth Carolina^ Ilxmm^ ihiadUla, Pmd Jon4is^ Aiujmta^ Siet- 
th\^ G. W. Blunts and America. 

In Stone, U. S. S. Pawtie^^ Commodore McDonmigh^ and mortar 
schooner C. 7^. Williams. 

In North Edisto, U. S. S. SSago., Seneca^ and mortar schoonei-s 
Para and Norfolk Packet. 

St. Helena Sound, U. S. bark KingjUlhei\ 

In Wassaw Sound, U. S. S. Waimutta. 

In Ossabaw Sound, U. S. S. Dawn. 

Guarding St. Catherine'^, Doboy, Sapelo, and St. Simon's, U. S. S. 
Keystone State^ Potomska; barks Fer^iaiidina and Braziliera. 
In St Andrew's Sound, U. S. bark Midnight. 
At Fernandina, U. S. S. MoJmwk. 

In St. John's River, U. S. S. Nonoi<^h^ E. B. IlaU^ and Uncus. 
In Port Royal, flagship Wabash^ storoships Vernwnt., Courier^ and 
Valparaiso, taking in provisions and undergoing repairs, U. S. S. 
Canandaigua^ James Adger^ Marhlehead^ Wissahickoi}^ Madgie^ iron- 
clads Passaic^ Weehawken^ Montauk^ Patapsco^ Nahant. Catskill^ Nan- 
tucket^ and tugs Daffodil., Columbine^ Olmndet*^ O. M. Pettit^ Dan- 
delion^ arid Rescue;. V . S. schooner Hope used as a dispatch boat. 

The U. S. S. Flambeau was sent north on the 8th instant with dis- 
patches, and has not yet returned. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

S. F. Du Pont, 
Rear- Admiral., Comdg. South Atlmitic Blockudiiig Sfjtiadron. 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secreta?y of the Navy^ Washinyton^ D. C. 



Order o f th4'. Secretary of tlte Navy to Rear- Admiral Du PmU^ U. S, 
Navy^ regarding tru' U. S. S. Passaic. 

Navy Department, April 15^ 1863. 
Sir: Send the U. S. S. Passaic home to New York. 
I am, respectfully, etc., 

Gideon Welles, 

Secret<try Navy. 

Rear-Admii-al Saml. F. Du Pont, 

Cmndy. South Atlantic Blockading Squadrtm^ Port Royal^ S. O, 



Order of Rear- Admirtd Du Jhnt^ U. S. Naxnu to Commander Bahh^ 
U. S. Navy^ to proceed to hh}ckad4i Stmo entrance. 

FiAGSHip Wabash, 
Port R(ryal IIarl>or, S. C, April 15, 186S. 
Sir: As soon as the army shall have left the Stono you will cross 
the bar with the Patnnee and Commodore McDo^iouah, blockade the 
entrance from the outside with your vessel, and send the Commodore 
McDomtuqh to North PMisto. 

Respectfully, etc., S. F. Du Pont, 

Rear- Admiral. 

Commander G. B. Balch, 

U. S. S. Pawnee, Stono Ri\'er. 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADtNO SQUADRON. 137 

Report of Rear 'Admiral D\i Pont^ f\ S, Xtivi/^ ofth*' arrind at l^ort 
Royal, 8. t '., of the U. K S. O/eamh r, 

No. 184.1 Flagship Wabash, 

Port Royal JIarh>r, S, C, April 15, 1863. 
Sir: I have the honor to infonii the Department of the arrival here 
on the 11th instant of the U. S. S. OUandtr^ Acting Master W. H. 
Polleys, commanding. 

Khrlosed (marked No. 1) is Acting Master Polleys' reix)rt* of the 
pas»5age from New York to this port. 

Very respectfully, your ooedient servant, 

S. F. Du Pont, 

Rear-Admiral, Comdg. South Atlantic Rlockadiuij Sqmdron. 
Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of the JVany, Washiiigton, D. C. 



Onler of Comm/xlore Turner^ IL S. Xatuj, to Commander Patt^*so7}^ 
U. S. Navy, regarding sigiial fm* me mi discove ry qf strange boats, 

U. S. S. New Ironsides, 
Of CharUston, S. Aj>ril 15, 1863. 
Sir: When strange boats a.* discovered outside at night, you will 
burn Coston signal No. 6 (red and white). 

Very respectfully, vour obedient servant, 

T. Turner, 
Conimodore. 

Commander Thomas [H.] Patterson, 

Commanding U. S. S. Jamen Adyer. 



Additiotml order of the Secretary of the Xavy to Rear- Admiral Du 
Pont, U. S. Navy, reyardmg the U. S. S. Passaic. 

Navy Department, April 16, 1863. 
Sir: You were instructed a few days ago to send the Passaic to 
New York. Let her touch at Hampton Roads on the way up and 
there await further orders from the Department. It is designed to 
replace her with either the Sangajnon or the Lehigh. 
Very respectfully, etc., 

Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of the Xavy. 

Hear- Admiral Saml. F. Du Pont, 

Comdy, South Atlantic Blockading Squndron, Port Royal, S. C. 



Rejxrrt of Chief Engineer Wood^ IL S. Navy, regarding measures for 
dearing Charleston Harbor of obstructions. 

New York, Ajrril 16, 1863. 
Sir: It appears to me after careful examination of the reports of 
the recent attack upon Charleston that it was not the lire of the rebel 



* Not necessary to publish. 



138 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING ftQUADRON. 



batteries which prevented our impregnable fleet from passing within 
the harbor, if that was the object to be attained, but the existence of 
certain obstructions. 

Now, the existence of the obstructions had been anticipated and the 
mechanical resources of Captain Ericsson were accoraingly drawn 
upon to provide an apparatus to remove them. 

This appamtus was brought forth perfected in every detail. One 
was tried m the North River, with a view of ascertaining if there was 
any danger of the torpedo ''kicking backward," as it was expressed bv 
the authorities in conunand off Charleston. The experiment w^as emi- 
nently satisfactory and the enormous force of neiirly 700 pounds of 
powder was delivered directly ahead as the design contemplated. 

Again, fears were entertained by many commanders that a ''moni- 
tor would not steer" with the large mft to which the torpedo or " bot- 
tom scraper" was susjx^nded when secured to the boat. 

These fears were proved to be utterly without foundation by simply 
attaching one of the mfts to the bows of the monitor Wt'ehawken. 

The experiment was satisfactory; no difficulty was found in 
steering. 

Now, in view of these facts, I would respectfully state, I volunteer, 
at a moment's notice, to take conmiand of any monitor with the 
Ericsson bottom semper attached, and proceed with it to the obstruc- 
tions which block up the entrance to Charleston Harbor. 

Permit me to add that there is one thing which has been conclu- 
sively demonstmted, and that is, that the fleet of monitors, by paying 
their attention to Fort Sumter, can soon breach and render that strong- 
hold untenable. 

This fort, once captured, can be held, and then the mere possession 
of Charleston is of out trifling importance. 

But one of two things can done, either to reduce Sumter or pass 
within the harbor. The country swarms with men possessing the neces- 
sary mechanical ability to accurately handle the monitors in either 
case. 

I beg to assure the honorable Secretary that in making this commu- 
nication I positively and earnestly disavow any intention of criticising 
the recent operations before the fortifications in Charleston Harbor, 
and respectfully state my only motive has been in offering my 8er>'- 
i(»es and coopemtion in effecting the removal of these obstructions in 
the use and means of the appliances provided for effecting this much 
desired and necessary object, and as being peculiarly a question of 
engineering. 

My preat desire for the accomplishment of the reduction of these 
forts, m common with every loyal citizen, will, I trust, be appreciated 
and deemed a satisfactory excuse for this communication. 
I am, verv respectfullv, your obedient servant, 

Wm. W. W. Wood, 
Chief Engineei\ U. S, Navy. 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of the Navy^ WashingtoJi^ D, C. 



SOUTH ATLAimO BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 139 



Detailed report of ReaT'Ad/niiral Ihi Poiit^ U, /S. Namy^ regarding 
affairs pertaining to the Charleston blockade. 

No. 191.] Flagship Wabash, 

Port Royal. Harbor, S. April 16, 1863. 
Sir: I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt this morning by 
the Fre^iom of your coniniunieation of the 11th instant, directing the 
maintaining^ of a large force off Charleston, to menace the rebels and 
keep them in apprehension of a renewed attack in the event of our 
repulse. 

1 have also to acknowledge the receipt of a copy of a telegraphic 
dispatch of the 13th instant from the President of the United States, 
sent from Fortress Monroe. 

The Department will probably have known on the 12th instant the 
result of the attack. In my dispatch of the 11th instant, dated off 
Charleston, the Department was made aware of mv withdrawal with 
the ironclads from the very insecure anchomge inside the bar, and just 
in time to save the monitors from an easterly gale, in which, in my 
opinion and that of their commanders, they woiud have been in great 

Kril of being lost on Morris Island beach. Their ground tackle has 
en found to be insufficient, and from time to time they have dragged 
even in close harbors. 

I have since been doing all in my power to push forward their repairs 
in order to send them to the Gulf, as directed, but 1 presume that your 
dispatch of the 11th instant and the telegmphic message from the 
President revoke your jjrevious order. 

I shall spare no exertions in refmiring, as soon as possible, the seri- 
ous injuries sustained by the monitors m the late attack, and shall get 
them inside Charleston Bar with all dispatch in accordance with the 
order of the President I think it my auty, however, to state to the 
Department that this will be attended with great risk to these vessels 
from the gales which prevail at this season and from the continuous 
fire of the enemy's batteries, which they can neither silence nor pre- 
vent the erection of new ones. 

The Neio Ironsides can only cross the bar, with certainty, at spring 
tides; which are twice a month. She is more vulnerable than the moni- 
tors, and at the distance she must necessarily anchor could not elevate 
her guns sufficiently to reach any batteries of the enemy, while at the 
same time she would be liable to injury, particularly in her wooden 
ends, from a fire which she could not return. If this vessel is with- 
drawn from the blockade and placed inside, the blockade may be raised 
by the rebel rams coming out of Charleston Harbor at night by Maf- 
fitt\s Channel, in which case she could give no assistance to the fleet 
outside. But for the New Ironsides the raid of the 31st January 
would have been repeated with more serious effect. 

The lower and greater part of Morris Island exhibits a ridge or row 
of sand hills, affording to the enemy a natural parapet against the fire 
of shipmng and facilities for erecting batteries in very strong posi- 
tions. The upper part of the island is crossed by Foi-t Wagner, a work 
of great strength and covered by the guns of Fort Smntor. The island 
is in full communication with Charleston, and can in spite of us draw 
fresh reinforcements as rapidly as they may be required. Shoals 
extend from the island, which prevent the near approach of the moni- 
tors, and our experience at Fort McAllister does not encourage me to 



140 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



expect that they will reduce well-defended sand batteries where the 
damage inflicted by day is readily repaired by the unstinted labor of the 
night. The ships, therefore, can neither cover the landing nor after- 
wards protect the advance of the small force of the army available for 
operations in this quarter, which will meet fresh troops'at evti-y sand 
hill and may look also for a reverse fire from the batteries on James 
Island. 

As it is considered necessary to menace Charleston by a demonstra- 
tion of land and naval forces. North Edisto will afford a better point 
from which to threaten an advance, and a concentration of troops and 
ships in that quarter would accomplish the purpose of the Govern- 
ment, mentioned in your dispatch of the 11th instant, as it is a military 
point from which Charleston couTd be attacked now, James Island 
being fullv occupied by the enemy's batteries. 

I have deemed it proper and due to myself to make these statements^ 
but I trust I need not add that I will obey all orders with the utmost 
fidelit}^ even when my judgment is entirely at variance with them, 
such as the order to reoccupy the unsafe anchorage for the ironclads 
off Morris Island, and an mtimation that a renewal of the attack on 
Charleston ma}' be ordered, which, in my judgment, would be attended 
with disastrous re^sults, involving the loss of this coast. 

For eighteen months in these waters I have given whatever of pro- 
fessional knowledge, energy, and zeal I possess to the dischar^-e of my 
duties and to the close study of our military and naval position in the 
tenure of the seacoasts witHin the limits of my command, and I claim 
to know what best peitains to the disposition of my fleet in carrying 
out the instructions of the Department. 

I know not yet whether the confidence of the Department, so often 
expressed to me, has been shaken by the want of success in a single 
measure, which I never advised, though intensely desirous to carry out 
the Department's orders and justify expectations in which I could not 
share. 

I am, however, painfully struck by the tenor and tone of the Presi- 
dent's order, which seems to imply a censure, and I have to request that 
the Department will not hesitate to relieve me by anv oflScer who, in 
its opinion, is more able to execute that service m which I have had 
the misfortune to fail — the capture of Charleston. No consideration 
for an individual officer, whatever his loyalty and length of service, 
should weigh an instant if the cause of his country can be advanced by 
his removal. 

Verv repectfully, your obedient servant, 

• * S. F. Du Pont, 

Rear'Aihniral^ Comdij, South Athvitic Blockading Squadron. 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of the Navy,, Wash i7}(jUm,, D. O. 



Report of Rear- Admiral Dn P<mt^ IL S. Navy^ regarding the detach- 
ment of Ca^ytain Wordefi, U. S. Navy. 

No. 188.] Ftagship Wabash, 

Pm^t Royal Harbor, S. C\, April 17, 1863. 
Sir: Owing to the continued ill health of Captain John L. Worden, 
of the Montavl\ I have detached him from that vessel and permitted 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



141 



him to proceed north in the army transport Cahawha^ ordering him 
on his arrival to report either in person or oy letter to the Department. 

The services of this gallant officer are too well known to the Depart- 
ment to require any further endorsement from me. I need only add 
that in the late engagement with the forts in Charleston Harbor he 
displayed his well-known zeal and bmvery. I did not deem it neces- 
sary in his case to call for a medical survey, for reasons expressed in 
my letter to him, and which 1 am sure the Department will appreciate. 

I have detached Commander Fairfax from the NanUicket and ordered 
him to the command of the Montauk, and Lieutenant-Commander 
Newman, of the Weehawk^i, the senior executive officer in the iron- 
clads, to the command of the Nantucket. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

S. F. Du Pont, 
Rear-Admiral^ Cmndg, South Attwitic Blockading Squadron. 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of th^ Navy, Washington, I). C. 



Report of Rear- Admiral Du Pont, U. S. Navu, regarding orders issued 
t4) the U. S. S, Wlssahickon., to proceed to Pn ilaclelphia for i^epa irs. 

No. 189.] Flagship Wabash, 

Port Royal Ilarhor, S. (\, April 17, 1863. 
Sir: Enclosed (marked No. 1) is the report of a survey on the engine 
and boilers of the U. S. gunboat Wissahtckon, Lieutenant-Commander 
J. L. Davis. 

As the necessary repairs can not be made here, I have ordered her 
to Philadelphia, where she was built, and where the patterns of her 
machinery are. 

I have directed Lieutenant-Commander Davis to report his arrival 
to the Department by letter. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

S. F. Du Pont, 
Rear-Admiral, Comdg. South Atlantic Blockading Squadron. 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of the Navy. 



Report of Rear-Admiral Du Pont, U. S. Navy, regarding the dispo- 
sition of the steamer Ericsson. 

No. 190.] Fi>AGSHir Wabash, 

Port Royal Ifarhor, S. C, April 17, 1863. 

Sir: I am sending the Ericsson, she not being required here at this 
moment, to New i ork, where she may get rid of her deck load of 
bombs, which, after our experience here, can not be used except in 
perfectly smooth water. This we tested in attempting to use them to 
destroy the Keokuk. 

Should the ironclads have to go south, we shall 1h* nuich in want of 
steamers to tow them, and if the Department should decide upon this. 



142 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADBON. 



the Ericsson can be sent south again. Her great draft excludes her 
from all the ports on this coast except Port Royal. 
I have directed Captain Lowber to report to Kear- Admiral Gregory. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

S. F. Du Pont, 
Rear- Admiral^ Comdg. South Atlantic Blockading Squad/ron. 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of the Namj^ Wa^hington^ D. C. 



Engagement of the U. S. S, Commodore McDonough with a Confederate 
battery on James Island^ Sonth Carolina^ April 17^ 186S, 

Beport of Commander Balch, U. 8. Navy, commandixig U. 8. 8. Pawnee. 

U. S. Steam Sloop Pawnee, 
Folly Rive7\ Stono Inlet^ South Carolina^ April 21^ 1863, 

Sir: 1 have the honor herewith to enclose a report from Lieutenant- 
Commander Bacon in reference to an exchange of shots between his 
vessel and a battery on flames Island. 

At that time the Pawnee had not left her anchorage off Cole's 
Island, where 1 had been compelled to remain for the protection of the 
troops on that island, but on the signal from the MclJonov{/h that she 
was engaging the enemy I took the C, I\ Williatns in tow and pro- 
ceeded up the Folly River, but the firing had ceased before reaching 
an anchorage near the McDonough. 

The next day (the 17th instant) I opened fire upon a house on James 
Island where a number of men and horses were congregated, but the 
enemy did not return my fire. 

I deem it proper to report that in view of the long line occupied by 
our troops on Folly ana Cole's Island, viz, some 7i miles, and with 
only a force of some 3,000 men, I felt i£ iny dutv to urge strongly 
upon General Vogdes the necessity of ev^acuating Cole's Island, ana I 
did not think it prudent to divide the small naval force now on this 
station. This step he acceded to, and I have the naval force now in 
the Folly River, where I can readily assist the troops should they be 
attacked or should it be necessary to open on their batteries. 1 am 
led to the belief that the enemy will attempt to put up batteries, which 
may give the troops, if not ourselves, some trouble. I guaranteed to 
General Vogdes tne possession of Cole's Island at any moment he 
might desire to reoccupy it. The Pawnee is now at anchor off the 
south end of F'olly Island, where a number of transports are at anchor 
and nmch material is being landed for the troops. 

On the Stono and John's Island side all is quiet, and I am happy to 
report all well on this station. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

Geo. B. Balch, 
Commamder and Senior Officer Present. 

Rear-Admiral S. F. Du Pont, U. S. Navy, 

Coindg. South Atlantic Blockading Squadron^ PortRoyal^ S, C. 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



143 



Btport of UentsnaBt-OomniAnder Btoon, IT. 8. Navy, eommandixig V. 8. 8. Commodore 

MeDonough. 

U. S. S. Commodore M( Donough, 
Folly Rivet\ SoiUh Carol hut, Apr!/ 17, 1863. 
Sir: I respectfully state that at 5 o-elock p. ni. observed that the 
enemy had two guns on James Island pointing thiH way and quite a 
number of men around them; got underway and fired one shell from 
the 50-poundor rifle gun for the purpose of getting the mngc and 
also of driving the men from the guns. Soon after tiring the enemy 
opened upon me from both guns, which app<fared to be rifled siege 
pieces, his shot falling a few rods short of me and on the bank of the 
river. After getting the range of the batteries we succeeded in getting 
a number of snell into their works, when they immediately abandoned 
them and retreated toward the houses. ScJon after a few of them 
returned and succeeded in hitching twelve or fourteen horses to the 
guns and hauling them away and hnally retreated toward Secession- 
viile. In conclusion, I respectfully state that the enemy appeared to 
be erecting a heavy battery, as I have noticed them moving a heavy 
article, probably a gun, having some twenty horses attached to it. 
Expended this day from 100-pounder rifle gun, 10 percussion shell 
ana 1 solid shot; from 50-pounder rifle, H percussion shell, aod from 
E^-inch gun, 4 15-second snells. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

Gkorcjk Bacon, 
Li^itenant' Commanding D. S. Na/mf, 

Commander Geo. B. Balcii, U. S. Navy, 

Senior Officer Prenent. 



itorj letter from Bear-Admiral Du Font, U. 8. Navy, to Commander Balch, 
V, 8. VaTy, oommanding U. 8. 8. Pawnee. 

Flagship Wabash, 
Port Royal Ilarhor, S, C.. April 23, 1863. 
Sir: Your communication of the 21st instant, enclosing a report 
from Lieutenant-Commander Bacon, has been received. 

It f^ves me pleasure to express my satisfaction with your proceed- 
ings m the Stono waters, in which you have shown your usual judg- 
ment and energy. You will also express to Lientc»nant-Commander 
Bacon my commendation. 

I send your mails by the buoy schooner, which also takes your stores 
and provisions. 

ResT)ectfully, etc., 

S. F. Du Pont, 

Hear- Admiral. 

Con^mander G. B. Balch, 

[/, S. S. Pawnee, Senior Officer ^ Stono. 

N w R— vol 14 10 



144 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING 8QUADBON. 



Captvre hy the U. S. S. Stettin of tJie Confederate steamer St. J^hns 
off Cape Rmnaln^ Sovth Carolina^ April 18^ 1863, 

Beport of Bear-Admiral Bu Font, U. 8. Navy. 

No. i^Ol.] Flagship Wabash, 

IWt Royal Harbor, S. C, Ajrril 22, 1863. 

Str: I have the honor to report the capture, on the 18th instant, of 
the rebel steamer St. Johns by the U. S. S. Stettin, Acting Master 
James R. Beers, commanding, whilst attempting to run into Cape 
Komain Inlet. • 

Enclosed herewith (marked No. 1) is a copy of the report of Acting 
Master Beers, detailing the circumstances of the capture. 

The steamer, being short of coal, was towed to this port bv the 
Stettin^ and I have detached Acting Master Beers from the fatter 
vessel, to which he was only ordered temporarily, and directed him to 
proceed to Boston in command of the prize, reporting his arrival to 
the Department by letter. 

As stated by Acting Master Beers in his report, all the oflScers and 
crew escaped except four men, viz, Edwara Young, William Fox, 
Thomas Sweeny, and John Carney, who voluntarily remaineld, and as 
they are willing to work on their way north, 1 have made the same 
arrangement in this case as in similar ones before, allowing Edward 
Young $2 per day from the lOth instant and the others j>2 per day 
from the 21st instant, until the arrival of the St, Johns in Boston. 
Commodore Montgomery has been informed of this arrangement, but 
may I request the Department to authorize him by telegraph to make 
the above pavments? 

Enclosed (marked No. 2) is a list of the officers and crew of the 
U. S. S. Stettin entitled to prize money. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

S. F. Du Pont, 
Rear- Admiral, Ctmdg. South Atlantic Blockading Squadron. 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Seer etury of tfic Navy ^ Washbujton, D. C. 



Beport of Acting Master Beers, U. 8. Navy, commanding U. 8. 8. 8tettin. 

U. S. S. Stettin, 
BuWs Bay, April 19, 1863. 

Sir: At G o'clock a. m. j'esterday sighted a nteamer burning black 
smoke, about 10 miles distant, bearing Vj. N. P]., apparently on shore 
on the shoals of Cape Romain. 1 immediately slipped and gave chase, 
and soon ascertained that she was attempting* to run the blo(;kade into 
Cape Komain Inlet. As soon as within range I tired several shots at 
the vessel, and succeeded in driving her ashore about 1,500 yards from 
Cape Romain light-house. 

The Stettin being veiy slow, the officers and crew of the suspected 
steamer (with the exception of four men who voluntarily remained) 
succeeded in leaving tne vessel after demolishing everything they 
could lay their hands on and throwing overboard a portion of the 
cargo. 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 145 



I came to anchor in about 15 feet of water about 2 miles from the 
steamer ashore. 

I proceeded with two anued boats' crews to board the vessel; found 
her to be the so-called Confedemte steamer St. Johns^ five days from 
Nassau, New Providence, with an assorted cargo, and that she had run 
ashore at about one-third ebb tide. I could find neither papers, mani- 
fest, nor log, and no colors but two rebel ensigns. 

Being hard aground, 1 was forced to throw overboard a quantity of 
salt and coils of telegraph wire, when, by shifting cargo, 1 succeeded 
in getting her afloat by 6 p. m. 

I learned from those on board that she had attempted to run the 
blpckade into Wassaw the morning previous, but had been driven off 
by one of our blockading vessels. I anchored for the night with the 
vessels in Bull's Bay, and at daylight this morning picked up my 
anchor and started for the fleet off Cnarleston. 

Upon reporting to* Commodore Turner, I received verbal orders to 
proceed to Port Koyal in the Stettin with the prize. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

James R. Beers, 
Acting Master^ Coimnandimj U. S. S. Stettin. 

Rear- Admiral S. F. Du Pont, 

Commanding Smith Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 



Ord^ of Rear- Admiral Dti Pont^ IL S. Na^ry^ to the cfrmvianderH of 
ironclads^ to make frequent reports conceiving the qualities of those 
^^essds. 

Flagship Wabash, 
Port Royal Harbor, S. (7., April 18, 1863. 
Sir: Accompaning this is a copy of a dispatch to me from the Navy 
Department, under date of March 25, 1863, desiring that the com- 
manders of the ironclads should report frequently with regard to the 
qualities of those vessels. 
Respectfully, etc., 

S. F. Du Pont, 

Rear-Admiral, 

Captain P. Drayton, 

U. S. Ironclad Passaic*. 

(Similar letters written to other ironclads, Captain John Rodgers, 
U. S. S. Weehawken; Commander D. Ammen, V. S. S. Patapsco' 
Commander G. W. Rodgers, U. S. S. Catskill; Commander D. McN. 
Fairfax, U. S. S. Monta^ik; Commander John Downes, U. S. S. 
Xahant; Lieutenant-Commander L. H. Newman, U. S. S. Nantucket.) 



Letter from Rear- Admiral Du Pont, U. S. Navy, to Brigadier- General 
Saxton, U. S, Army, regrettijig hi<s inability to supply a gunboat for 
tfve purpose requested. 

Fij^osHip Wabash, 
Port Royal Harbor, S. C, April 18, 1863. 
General: I received your letter, and afterwards 3'our telegraph, 
the latter of which I answered, and desire to express? my regrets at my 



146 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 

entire inability to supply a gunboat for the purpose you require. I 
have not a sufficient number of light-draft ones to relieve my broken- 
down vessels. 

I beg to remind you that we are much in want of the howitzers of 
the Wabash. 

Respectfully, et(\, 

S. F. Du Pont, 

Rear-Admiral. 

Brigadier-General R. Saxton, U. S. Armv, 

Beaufort., C. 



Order of Rear- Admiral Du Pont^ U. S. Nainj^ to Captain Drayton., 
IT. 8. Navy^ to assume command m North Edisto Ri/ver., oouth 
" Carolina. 

Flagship Wabash, 
Port Royal Harbor, S. C, Ajytnl 18, 1863. 
Sir: You will please proceed with the Passaic under your command 
to North Edisto, and assume, as senior naval officer there, the direction 
of affairs. 

Respectfully, etc., 

S. F. Du Pont, 

Rear'Ad7mral. 

Captain P. Drayton, 

U. S. S. Passaic. 



Order of Rear- Admiral Dn Pont., U. S. Navy., to three cotumaudimj 
ofjicers of inrrvclads U) proceed to duty at Aorth Edisto., S. C. 

Flaoshh* Wabash, 
Pirrt Royal Ilarhor, S. C, Ajyril 18, 1863. 
Sir: You will please proceed with the Catskill under your command 
to North Edisto and report to the senior officer pre.sent. 
Respectfully, etc., 

S. F. Du Pont, 

Rear-Admiral. 

Commander G. W. Rodgers, 

U. S. S. Catskill. 

(Similar orders written April 19, 1863, to Commander D. Ammen, 
U. S. S. Patapsco; Commander D. McN. Fairfax, U. S. S. Montauk.) 



[TeleKram.] 

Navy Department, April 18, 1863. 
The Flamheau will leave at 3 p. m. 

Notify Lieutenant Smith that ne is detached from the Flamheau. 

Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of the Nary. 

Commodore A. A. Harwood, 

Commarjlant Navy Yard, Washiiujton, I). C. 



mwm ATLANTIC BLOCKABINa SQUABRON. 

Rei^rt (pf Lk'ntctiant-Cmnmniiikr ^W^ S, Xfu^tj^ mfumand- 

ifHj Ih S* Jfempkh^ t*f mTiml at uiiry ijiit'fi^ P/it/tid<'ip/iui, 

V. S, S, Mkmpius, 
M^l/ Yard, Phllrtd^^^fhkt, April 19, 1863. 
Sm; I httvo the honor to report my arrival at this port, in obedience 
to ordiM'8 from Reur-Admiral Du Pout, for tho purpose of undereoing 
repairs of damage^s sastuined in a wllision with the ironclad Kemuk^^ 
report of which I have forwarded through the admiml, 

I am, sir, verj^ rospectfully, your ohedieiit .servant, 

Pend* G. Watmough^ 
LieaUnmit- tbmmander. 

Hon, CriDEON Welles, 

Smrei<t'n/ of Namj. 



{Telegniwi.] 

Navy Department, April 19^ 1S6S, 
What date did the Mempfm leave Port Royal, and did .she bring 
any dispatches from Admiral Du Pont? 

Gideon Welles, 

Commodore lStribling, 

Ci/mfmndimt PhUuddphut Nmyy Twrd, 



Capture of the sckmn^ Majm* E, WiUi^ hy the U- S. S, Pmv/mtan^ 

Eeport of Captain Steedmaii, V, 8, Navy, commandrng tT, B. 8, Powliatan, 

U, S. 8* Powhatan, 
Of (yharleMon, April 1363. 
Sir: On the night of the 19th in^itant, between tlie hours of 9 and 
10 o'clock, while at anchor off this port, a schooner was discovered 
inside of utj, attemptiiig to run out* 1 imiriediatelj' lired a gun, slipped 
my chain, and stood in cha^ie. After hring a second gun, she, finding 
it impoj-jsible to escape, hove to. 

A boat was sent on board in charge of Acting Master E, L. Haines, 
w^ho took {Possession, and transferred the master and crew to thm ves- 
sel, leaving her in charge of Acting Master's Mate Frost and five men. 
The vessselis the schooner Mwjitr E. Wil/ifi^ of Charleston, William M. 
Hale, master and half owner, bound to St* John, New Brunswick, with 
;i cargo of 168 bales upland cotton, as jwr bill of lading, I have sent 
hct* to Boston in charge of Acting Master's Mate William Frost, from 
w hom you will loarn the full |>articulars of her capture* All her papers 
and flag have been placed in his charge with directions to hand tnem 
over to you* 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

Cjubles Steedsian, 

JuBOE U. District Court, 



148 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



Beport of Captain Steedman, U. 8. Navy, regarding the dispoiition of the priie and her 

crew. 

U. S. S. Powhatan, 
Off Charleston , April 20, 1863. 
Admiral: I have, in obedience to Commodore Turner's orders, put 
on board of the llomatonic the following- named men, a part of the 
crew of the schooner Major E, WUlh^ captured last night on this port. 

The schooner has been ordered to proceed to Boston, in charge of 
Acting Master's Mate Frost. 

I have not considered it [advisable] to send in the prize either her 
captain or mate, but have sent Mr. Hunter on, who is the principal 
owner of the cargo, and three of the crew as witnesses. 

I have the honor to be, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

Charles Steedman, 

Captaiji. 

Rear- Admiral S. F. Du Pont, 

Comdg, South Atlantic Blockading Squadron, Flagship Wabash, 



Report of Captain Steedman, U. 8. Navy, stating his belief that the crew of the priie 
formerly belonged to the Confederate steamer NashviUe. 

U. S. S. Powhatan, 

Off Charleston, April 22, 1863. 
Admiral: Since writing my last communication information has 
come to my knowledge which leads me to believe that the crew of the 
prize schooner Maj(yr E. Willis formerly belonged to the rebel pri- 
vateer Nashville, and that her master, W. Hale, has served as an officer 
of marines on board the said vessel. 
I have the honor to be, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

Charles Steedman, 

Captain. 

Rear-Admiral S. F. Du Pont, 

Coindg. South Atlantic Blockading Squadrai\, Flagship Wabash. 



Capture of the sloop Neptuns off' Charleston, S. C, April 19, 1863. 
Report of Captain Taylor, U.' 8. Navy, commanding U. 8. 8. Honsatonic. 

U. S. S. HOUSATONIC, 

Port Rayah April 21, 1863. 

Sir: The sloop Neptune was captured on the night of the 19th 
instant, while attempting to run out from Charleston, by this ship. 

Her cargo consists of 115 barrels of spirits of turpentine and 13 
bales of cotton. 

The vessel is merely d large launch, with no accommodations for 
officers or crew. In my opinion she is not worth sending to a Northern 
port, and a prize crew would be exposed to much discomfort and per- 
haps danger in an attempt to go there. 

Her papers, consisting of the register, shipping articles, manifest, 
clearance, and bill of health, were all made out in the Charleston 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 149 

custom-house, and show that the vessel was owned in Charleston and 
was bound to Nassau. I enclose them all for your information. The 
sloop is now lying at anchor near this ship in charge of an officer and 
two men. 

I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

Wm. Rogers Taylor, 

Ca2>tai7u 

Rear- Admiral S. F. Du Pont, 

Comdij. South AtUinttc Blockadhuj Squadron^ Pt>r( R<ty(d^ S, C, 



Baport of Bear-Admiral Dn Pontf U. 8. Kavy, transmittiiig report of a board of survey 

on the prise. 

No. 203.] Flagship Wabash, 

Pirrt Royal Harbor, S. April 23, 1863. 

Sir: I have the honor to report the capture of three vessels oflf 
Charleston attempting to run the blockade on the night of the 19th 
instant, viz, a brig, schooner, and sloop. The brig and schooner, one 
laden with salt, the other with cotton, nave been sent north by Com- 
modore Turner, who will report the circumstances of the capture. 

The sloop, called the Neptune^ was taken by the Ilomatonic and 
towed to Poi-t Royal. A board of survey (herewith enclosed, marked 
No. 1) reported her untit to go north, and I have transshipped her 
caiw), consisting of 18 bales of cotton, 4() pounds of cotton samples, 
ana 114 barrels of spirits of turpentine, to the schooner Simpson, 
S. Ellis, master, consigned to the U. S. prize commissioners, New 
York. Acting Masters Mate B. F. Jacobs, of the Ilomatonic, goes 
north in charge of the cargo. 

The master of the prize sloop, Edward Gardner, is sent in the 
Simpson; the rest of the crew, four in number, together with the 
officers and crew of the prize schooner referred to, will ^o noilh by 
the first opportunity. 1 forward (marked No. 2) Captam Taylor's 
report. 

Enclosed (marked No. 3) is a list of the ofKcers and crew of the 
HousaUmic entitled to prize money. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

S. F. Du Pont, 
Rear- Admiral, Comdg. South Atl'antlc Blockading S<iuadron, 

[Enclosure.] 

Port Royal Harbor, April 23, 1863. 
Sir: in obedience to your orders of this date to hold a strict and 
careful survey on the prize sloop Neptune and report to you her con- 
dition and the feasibility of sending her north at this season of the 
year, and if we should be of opinion that she should not be sent north, 
to make an accurate appraisement of her hull, tackle, furniture, etc., 
taking also a careful mventorj^ of her cargo, we beg leave to report 
that sue is old, leaky, and uniit to send to a Northern port. 



150 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



We value her hull, tackle, furniture, et<;., at $150. Her cargo con- 
siats of 13 l>alcs of cotton and about 40 poundn of cotton namples, 
114 barrels spirits of turpentine, part of one of which is leaked out. 

T. Stites, 

Acting Master, 
Charles Boabdman, 

Carpenter, 
Benj. F. Jacobs, 

Acting Master^ a Mate. 

Rear- Admiral S. F. Du Pont, 

Ci/iavtanding South Atlantic Blockading /S(/uadro7i. 



Rejxyrt of Camnmnder Le Roy,, U, S, Navy,, transmitting written 
complain t found on St, Simon a IshnuL Georgia^ regarding outrages 
C07nmittcdhy Federal troops, 

U. S. S. Keystone State, 
.S7. Simon's, April 20, 1863. 
Sir: The enclosed copy of a note wtis found on the Island of St. 
Simon's on the morning: of the 17th instant, having evidently been left 
on the night of the IGtli on a stick in a prominent position in the road, 
and from various reasons 1 am confident people from the mainland 
had been upon the island that night. From information that has 
reached me, 1 am fearful the complaint of the writer is but too true. 
I have been told tliat the negro troops who were at one time stationed 
upon this island committed grave outrages, firing upon the church, 
pulpit, gmvestones, etc., conduct that can not be too highly reprobated. 
I am, sir, verv resj^ectfullv, your obedient servant, 

Wm. E. Le Koy, 
Commander,^ IL S. Nairy, 

Rear- Admiral S. F. Du Pont, U. S. Navv, 

Commanding South Atlantic lilorku^ing Squadron, 

[Enclosure.] 

CuuRC^H Yard, St, Simons Jsla?id, 
Sir: I have more than once been informed, througli your deserted 
allies, that the graves of our family and a friend had been desecrated 
by your forces after the unsuccessful attempt to capture me some 
months ago. This rumor I could not believe, as the custom, even of 
the savage, has been to respect the home of the dead. But the sight 
which I now behold convinces me of the truth of a report I shuddered 
to think of. Tlie practice. of bushwhacking, shooting sentinels on 
posts, etc., liaving always been discountenanced by my commander 
and my chief has sj^red many of your men. But let me tell you, sir, 
that b(»side these graves I swear by heaven to avenge their desecration. 
If it is honorable for you to disturl) the dead, I shall consider it an 
honor, and will make it my ambition to disturb your living. 1 fancy, 
sir, the voice of the departed issues from their desecrated homes 
exclaiming that such a nation may truly say to corruption, thou art 
my father; to dishonor, thou art my mother; vandalism, thou art my 
ambition. 

Wm. M. Hazzard. 
Commander of Federal Forc^es at Southend. 



' Off the tutemy t{f thi w}uirf ill GtiBajluH Bh{ff\ frrfm/m. 

U- Kkystoke State* 
JSt. Shmm\ Oeonjia^ Ajrtil 21, 1863: 
lSir: Under date 2<)th in.stant 1 had thp honor to (^nt'lu.st^ a copy of a 
note found on this inland on tin* mortiing of tht* 17th, I huvt.' n*>\v to 
ri'[x>rt that a boat from the PidftmAn came to me yesterday morninij 
through the inland [xissage and reported (inditig th*' wharf at Gascoinsi 
Bluff (where we have had our <^oal depot) on fire, and though the boat'i^ 
crew extingui.shed the fire, it bad burned sutiieiently lonf^ to destroy 
the wharf. Fortunately there was no eoal, or 1 presume that would 
have been destroyed in the same way: There being no residents at 
(rascoins Bluff, 1 eati only eome to the conclusion some of tlie reliel 
troops twnw the main lancled during the night and eoiinuitted the rav- 
ages*, and that this \s probalily a eomnieneement of a series of acts of 
devastation on their imrt that their kjiowledge of St. Siuion's and our 
position will permit them to do with imptinity unless a military force 
IS stationed on the islaiuL This irHirning I had communication with u 
white resident, a Mr. Cok^ {who, while jiretending to take no part with 
either ^ide, I believe is a sympathizer with the relxjls), and he con- 
firmed by his statenu=*nt the atrocities eonimitted In' the black troops 
that were stationed on St. Simon's 8ome months since. Owing to tlds 
movement on the part of the rebels 1 will have to make a cbani^e in 
the disposition of the coal (when sent here) at this point. 
1 am, sir, very respectf ullv, vour obedient servant, 

" ' Wm. K Le Hoy, 

Retir-Admiral S* F* Du Pont, 

Omntfmndm^ Sauth Atlantie Blm^kmlintj SqmdrHm* 



Capture ftf tht Bnthh nvkmrner Minnte ht/ tht U. LfKhmn^ In 

Baport at Gomm&iider Colhomn, U. B. caiiLmftiidiiig U. B. fi. Lodona. 

IT. S. S, LOEM3NA, 

OJf Charlmtm. S. April 1SG3. 
Sir: I have to report to you the capture of the British schooner, or 
herniaphrodite lirig, Mimue^ hy this vessel, in atteuipting to run the 
blockade in liull's Bay, She was c^aptured about 3 a* in. to-day. 
When first discovered she was standing in, under all sail, for the 
t hannel across the bar, l^eing very close to it, and within H miles of 
liidl's Island light-house. After 1 had fired fijur tiuK's at her she 
iicive to and shownxl a lighL Uimju boarding heiv she appeared l)y 
her paper's to be IxHuid from Nassau, [New Providence], for Bultimrne, 
w ith a cargo of 850 sacks nt salt. The captain admittt^d that lM*sides 
the salt he had some Inigs of pepi:)er and 1 eiisk of coffee. By 
order of Commodore Turner 1 have sent her to Philadelphia in charge 
of Aetinjj^ Master -I. P. Carr, with Acting Master's Mate F. K. Bre<'ht 
and a prisse crew of five men. tx^taining on board of her tlie captain 
and three of her crew, 1 have ordered Acting Master Oarr to report 
himself to the Navy Department on his arrival at Philadelphia, and 
wdjeii informed by the judge of the district court that his services are 



152 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



no longer necessary, unless otherwise ordered bv superior authoritj% 
to return with the men under his command to this vessel. The other 
three of the crew of the Minnie are on board this vessel and will 
be 'Sent by order of Commodore T. Turner by first opportunity to Port 
Royal. Their names are Charles Thompson, John Davis, ana Charleys 
Fleetwood. Charles Thompson, who says his name is Charles Fleet- 
wood, is a Charleston pilot, well known to Nelson Anderson, the con- 
tmband pilot Fleet Captain Rodgers sent on Ijoard this vessel. As 
this is the first prize I have sent home, in the absence of definite 
instructions, I hope what I have done may meet your approval. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

Edmund R. Colhoun, 

Commander. 

Rear-Adminil S. F. Du Pont, 

Comdg. South Atlantic Blockading Squadron. 



Beport of Commodore Turner, U. 8. Navy, regarding three of the crew of the prise. 

U. S. S. New Ironsides, 
Of CharleHUm, S. C, April 29, 1863. 
Admiral: I send down three of the crew of the English prize vessel 
Minnie^ transferred to this ship from the Lodona. it is represented 
to me by Captain Colhoun tmit one of these men calling himself 
Charles Fleetwood is a Charleston pilot; to me he denies it positively, 
but I have little doubt of the fact, from information communicated to 
me by Captain Colhoun. 

It seems to me that this man, having been a couple of weeks in the 
squadron and a short time on boara of this ship, should not, under 
existing circumstances, be permitted to go at large, as he would 
doubtless very soon find his way back to Charleston. 
Very respectf uUv, vour obedient servant, 

T. Turner, 

Commodore. 

Rear-Admiral S. F. Du Pont, 

Commanding South Atlantic Blockading Squadron.* 



Order of the Secretary of the Kavy to Commander Colhoun, U. 8. Navy, to report circnm- 
itancei attending the capture. 

Navy Department, May 23, 1863. 
Sir: I transmit herewith a copy of a note,* dated the 14th instant, 
addressed to the Secretary of State by Lord Lyons, and of the protest 
accompanying it,* relative to the capture of the British scnooner 
Minnie by the Lodona, and complaining of the manner in which she 
was brought to. The Department desires a full report of the circum- 
stances attending the capture, particularly with regard to the means 
used to accomplish that object. 
Very respectfully, etc., 

Gideon Welles, 

Sec7*etainj of the Navy. 

Edmd. R. Colhoun, U. S. Navy, 

Commanding U. S. S. Ltnlona, Port Royal, S. C. 

*Not found. 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 153 



Lettnr from the Seeretory of the Kavy to the Secretary of State, transmitting copy of the 
report of Commander Colhonn, U. S. Navy. 

Navy Department, June '2^, 1863, 
Sir: In further answer to your letter of the 18th ultimo, enclosing 
a copy of a note from Lord Lyons relative to the capture of the British 
brig Jfhime^ by the U. S. S. Lodoiui^ whilst endeavoring to run the 
blockade, I have the honor to transmit herewith a copy of tlie expla- 
nation [of] Commander Colhoun, dated the 6th instant,' the command- 
ing officer of the latter vessel. Commander Colhoun appears to have 
b^n only vigilant and efficient in the dis(;harge of his duties. 
Veiy respectf ull}% etc. , 

Gideon Welles, 

Secretary o f the Navy. 

Hon. Wm. H. Seward, 

Secretary of State. 



Baport of Commander CoUionn, U. S. Kavy, in reiponse to the order of the Secretary of 
the Kavy to famiah an aeeonnt of the meant need for the capture. 

S. S. Lodona, 
Pat^ Royal IIarhf/i\ S. t\, June 6, 1863. 

Sir: I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of 
the 23d ultimo, with enclosed copy of a note from Lord Lyons to the 
Secretary of State, dated May 14, 1863, and of the protest of David 
Morgan, master of the British brig Minnie^ captured by this vessel. 

On the night of Sunday, April 19, 1863, the L()dona was at anchor 
oflf Bull's Bay, in 4 fathoms water, distant a little over 3 miles from 
BulFs Island light-house, which bore per compass W. by N. By refer- 
ence to Coast-Survev chart No. 17 of Bull's Bay, you will perceive that 
she was within one-half of a mile of the bar, as close as she could be 
with due regard to safety. When the Minnie was discovered at about 
2:40 a. m. of the 20th, she was to windward of us, bearing about S. S. W., 
distant probably one- half of a mile, the Lodona being then head to wind, 
which wasS. W., blowing about a 6-knot breeze. 1 wjis on deck at the 
time, and as soon as I got my glass on her I perceived she had all sail 
set, standing in for the channel across the bar, having for her guide a 
light, burning at or near the light-house. The case required the most 
prompt and vigorous action, for she was at that time closer to the 
channel than the Lodanu and going through the water at the mte of from 
6 to 6 miles per hour. I knew from the slow mte of our sailing that my 
only reliance was upon my guns. I ordered the battery to be maimed, 
fire^s spread, and caole slipped, and immediately went forward to keep 
her in sight with the glass and direct the movements of my vessel. 
When I arrived there she was directly ahead of us, having altered her 
bearings in that short time two points. We were soon underway', but 
of course going very slowly through the water, as with fires banked 
it requires a little time to get up steam. As soon as the forward gun 
(a 30-pounder Parrott) bore I fired at her a percussion shell, which of 
course did not burst, as it did not strike her, and as soon after as I 
could get the two 24-pounder howitzers and IX-inch Dahlgrcn to bear 
I fired them. The foi*mer were loaded with shell, which did not bui-st, 
owing to the length of the fuzes. The Dahlgren was loaded with 



154 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADBON. 



grape. It was charged for an enemy, our duty here Ixiing .such th*:, 
we nave not only to keep a good lookout for vessels attempting to 
break the blockade, but tor a vigilant and adventurous foe. I would 
have preferred firing a different kind of projectile, but my duty, I 
considered, did not allow me a choice. I did not fire canister at ner. 
During this time I kept her constantly in view, but did not see her 
luff to the wind until sne showed a light. I then ordered the firing to 
cease, and upon approaching, lowered a boat and took possession of 
her, considering her a lawful prize. My opinion is that it was the 
rapid and well-directed firing alone that insured her capture. 

This much I respectfully submit to the Department, refraining from 
making any comment upon the subject-matter of the protest of David 
Morgan, master of the Minnie, for the reason that you have required 
me to give only ''a full report of the eircumstancxis attending the cap- 
ture, particularly with regard to the means used to accomplish that 
object," but I am prepared with the best evidence, derived from a 
portion of the crew of the Minnie^ who remained on board this vessel 
for several days after she had been dispatched to Philadelphia, that 
her captain intended to break the blockade. 

V ery respectfully, your obedient servant, 

Edmund R. Colhoun, 
Conimande)\ Commanding U. S, S, Lodona. 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 
, Secreta)^ of tlie Navy^ Washington^ D, C. 



Letter froni Rear- Admiral Du Polity IL S. JVavu, to Major- General 
lluntet\ U, S. Anny^ acknowledging receipt ofl^esidenfs dispatch 
regarding opei^atiom before Charleston, S. C. 

Flagship Wabash, 
Pc^rt Royal, S. C, April 30, 1863. 
General: I think it right to acknowledge receiving a copv of a 
communication dated April 14 from the Executive Mansion, addressed 
to you and myself, with a request in a postscript that whoever receives 
it tirst should send a copy to the other immediately. 
I am, genei-al, etc., 

S. F. Du Pont, 

Rear-Admiral. 

Major-General D. Hunter, 

Coimnanding Department of the South. 



RejX)7'tof Captain Drayton., U. IS. Navy, conunanding U. S. S. Passaic, 
regarding affairs in North EdiMo. 

U. S. Ironclad Passaic, 
[N<yrth Misto], Apt^ ^d?, 1863. 
Sir: I arrived here yesterday afternoon with this vessel and the 
( \itsl'ill. 

Everything has been quiet lately, but as the two weak brigades in 
I his noijjhborhood have been placed, one on Edisto, the other on Sea- 
l)rook's islands, entirely out of supporting distance of each other, and 
forming {mrts of different commands, I should think the position of 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 155 

the former one very insecure, if the enemy discover its small numbers, 
and 1 hope that an biScer will soon be sent up who can at least consider 
himself entitled to command both bodies, which seems not to be the 
case at present. 

lam, very respectfully, your ol>edient servant, 

P. Drayton, 

Captain. 

Rear- Admiral S. F. Du Pont, 

Conidg. South Atlantic BlfKkadhnf S<jxi/i<h(nK Pfrt^t Royal, 



Order (}f Rear- Admiral Da Pont ^ U. S. JVarj/^to Captain Green ^ U. S. 
Natry^ commanding U. S. S. Canandiiigna^ to proceed to duty on the 
Charleston hlockaae. 

Flagship Wabash, 
Port Royal Harbor, S. C. Apr Ih20, 1863. 
Sir: You will please pro<*eed with the Cananda!<jaa under your com- 
mand off Charleston ana repoit for duty to Commodore Turner, senior 
officer present. 

kespectfully, etc\ S. F. Du Poxt, 

Rear- Admiral, 

Captain J. F. (Jreen, 

S. S. Canandaiijna^ Port Royal. 



Rcj)t^rt of Commjodor*' Tamer, U. S. Navy, regardlntj jyrize^ captured. 

U. S. S. New Ironsides, 
Off Charleston's. T., April 20, 1863. 
Admirai.: I am oblieexl to send the ILmmionii' to Port Royal for 
c*oal; she has onlv two days' coal on board. 

I have directed her to tow down a sloop, taken last night, laden with 
cotton. 

The side- wheel steamer ran on shore on the night of the 11 th in the 
North Channel, proves to be the Stonnnall Jackmn., with a most valu- 
able cargo on board, of rifle guns, saltpeter, etc. 

Two other prizes were taken last night, a brig and a schooner, one 
laden with saU; and the other with cotton. 1 am sending them l)oth 
north to-day. 

Verv respectfullv, vour obedient servant, 

T. Turner, 

Com)nodorr. 

Rear- Admiral S. F. Du Pont, 

Commanding South Atlantir Blockading iSf/uadron. 



Lett^-r fnon Brigadier- Gen^^ral Saxton^ U. X Armu^ to Rear- Admiral 
Du I\>nt' U. S. Nary^ returning hnrroirtd howitxers. 

Beaufort, S. C, April 2 U l%'3. 
My Dear Sir: 1 have the honor to return, by the hands of Lieu- 
tenant Dunbar, my ordnance ofticer, the two howitzers you so kindly 
loaned me. They proved of the greatest service. I beg that vou will 
excuse my delay in returning them. I had fully iutoudv^d doxw^:^ 



156 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 

long before this time, but having more business than usual claiming 
my attention they were forgotten. I hope that you have not been 
greatly inconvenienced by my neglect. 

With great respect, your obedient servant, 

R. Saxton, 

Br Ujadier- General^ Volunteers. 

Admiral S. F. Du Pont, 

Coiruaandhuj South Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 



Letter from Rear- Admiral Du Pont^ U. S. Navy^ to Commod/n'e Turner^ 
IL S, iVairt/^ regarding the floAj to he worn hy officer holding the rank 
of commoao7*e. 

Flagship Wabash, 
Port Royal Ilarhor, S. April 21, 1863. 
Commodore: I have received a copy of your communication of 
March 11 in reference to the flag which would be worn by an o£Scer 
holding the rank of commodore. 

I took no official notice of that communication, because I was under 
the impression that our conversation on the subject was entirely satis- 
factory, and that it was a matter which the Department alone could 
regulate. 

As you request me to make a decision, I therefore have to direct 
that you will hoist no broad pennant or insignia, as I have no authority 
to allow any deviation from emblems now authorized. 

To prevent any misunderstanding now or in future with others I 
avail myself of this occasion to say that your authority off Charleston 
is in virtue of your being the senior officer present, and is entirely 
irrespective of your rank. A lieutenant left as senior offic-er has pre- 
cisely the same authority as a commodore, captain, or commander. As 
I hear officers speak of commanding a ''division," I think it best to 
correct this officially. The Department alone can divide a squadron 
and appoint an officer to its command. I have stations here, and of 
course the senior officer commands. 

I shall forward your communication to the Department by next mail. 
Respectfully, etc., 

S. F. Du Pont, 

Rear'Ad/iniral, 

Commodore T. Turner, 

U. S. S. New Ironsides, off Charleston. 



Letter from the Secretarif tf the Nary to Rear- Admiral Du Pont, 
U. S, Nary, transmitting list ofhlockad-e runners at Nassaxt, Nmn 
I^rovidence. 

Navy Depart^ient, April 21, 1863. 
Sir: 1 transmit herewith a list furnished by H. S. Olcott, esq., of 
New York, of vessels that were at Nassau, [New Providence], on the 
5th instant preparing to run the blockade. 
Very respectruUy, etc., 

Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of the Navy. 

Rear-Admiml Saml. F. Du Pont, 

Comdg. South Atlantic Blockading Squmlmn, Port Royal, S. C. 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 157 

[Enclosure.] 

Office of the Special Commissioner 

OF the War Department, 
93 FranJdh Stret^t, Yorl\ Ajml 18, 1863. 
Sir: I beg leave respectfully to call your attention to the enclosed 
list of vessels in the port of Nassau/ New Providence, on the 6th 
instant, which were about to sail for Southern ports. It is furnished 
to me by a person in my employ, temporarily at Nassau, and may be 
relied upon as strictly correct. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

H. S. Olcott, 

Special CommUsimier of the War Department, 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secretary oftlve Navy., Washington. 

[SnbencloAure.] 

L\M of reweU at NimaUj New ProviflencCy April 186S. 



Name. i Former nam(>. i MasU^r. 



-I 



StonewftllJackRon > ' Leopard i Black. 

Victory | Annie ChildH Hammer. < 

Flora ; Picknell. 

St. Johns' I I Barkley. 



Eaffle* I I Cropper. 

William O. HenewS ' I 



8ide-wheel steamer 

Do 

Do 

Do 

Do 

Do 

Screw steamer Gertnide I i Raison, 

Do ' Miriam • Waters. 

Do , I'et' I I 

Do ' Minna , Raittbeck. 

Do I Ella and Annie* ' Carlin. 

SteAm tug [ Charleston c , , 

Schooner Retribution w Locke. 



» Leaver to-morrow for Charleston. 

> Hammer is an Eastern man. 

'This vessel is a river boat from Savannah. 

4 J list arrived from Charleston via Abaco. 

•An iron boat, said to be built in New Orleans. 

* Pierced for six runs on a side: look out for her. 
T About starting for Charleston. 

•Starts on Tu»«day morning for Charleston. 

* Undergoing repairs. 

Formerly callt^d Vnde Btii, a New York tugboat. 



Jlt'jM/rt of liear'Adm iral Du Pont^ U. S. Xan/, rerfarding the arrival 
at Port Royal., S, C, oftlve U. S. & Cimarron. 

No. 2<X>.] Flagship Wabash, 

Port Royal Harhor, S. ( \, April 22. 1863. 
Sir: I have the honor to inform the Department of tlie arrival on the 
18th instant of the U. S. S. Cimarron., Commander A. J. Drake. 
Verv respectfully, vour obedient servant, 

S. F. Du Pont, 
Rear-AdmiraU Comdy. South Atlantic Blockading Sijuadron. 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of the Navy^ Washifigt^jn^ 1). C. 



158 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 

Order of ths Secretary of the Nm^y to CommancUr Becmrrwnt^ U. S. 
Nmy^ regarding transfer of command. 

Navy Dep tment, April 23^ 1863. 
Sir: You are hereby detached from the command of the Sebago and 
you will report to Rear- Admiral Du Pont for the command of the U. S. 
ironclad steamer Nantuchit. 
I am, respectfully, 

Gideon Welles. 

Commander John C. Beaumont, U. S. Navy, 

P(yrt Royal, S. O. 



Capture ofn sloop in Warsaw Sounds Georgia^ Ajrril 23, 1863. 
Beport of Commander Drake, U. 8. Navy, commanding U. 8. 8. Cimarron. 

U. S. S. Cimarron, 
WaJisaw Sound, Georgia, April 24,, 1863* 
Sir: I have the honor to report that last night the picket boat sent 
out chased upon the reef a small sloop, apparently loaded with cotton. 
This mornini^ sho was hauled off by the boats of this ship. She has 
no name, ana no papers of any kind were found on board other than a 
few Southern newspapers of a late date, which I forward to you. 
The crow escaped t-o the shore in a small boat. 

1 am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

A. J. Drake, 

Commander. 

Rear- Admiral S. F. Du Pont, 

Commanding South Atlantic Blockading Sqivadron. 



Report of Rear-Admiral Dn Pont, U. 8. Navy, transmitting report of a board of anrvey. 

No. 219.] ^ Flagship Wabash, 

Port Royal Harbor, S. C, May 4, 1863. 
Sir: I have the honor to report that on the night of April 24, in 
Wassaw Sound, the picket boat of the U. S. S. Cimarron, blockading 
that sound, chased upon the reef a small sloop, att^^mpting to run 
the blockade, laden with cotton. No papers were found on board and 
the (TOW had escaped. 

She was brought into Port Royal, and after survev condemned, and 
her cargo, consisting of 10^ bales of cotton and about 2 bales loose 
cotton, was transshipped to the U. S. S. Ma^sa<'h u^tett^f, consigned to 
tho U. S. district judge, Philadelphia. The report of the w>ard is 
herewith enclosed (marked No. 1). 

1 forward herewith (marked No. 2) a list of the officers and crew of 
the Cimarr(»n entitled to prize money. 

Verv respectfullv, vour obedient sen'ant, 

S. F. Du Pont, 
R^ar- Admiral^ Comdg. South Atlantic Blockading Sqmdron. 

Hon. (tidkon Wklles, 

Secretary ofthi^ Na^y, Wa^hinqtoii, D. C. 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 159 

[EncloBurc.] 

Port Royal Harbor, April 27, 1863. 
Sir: In obedience to your order of this date, to make a careful and 
accurate survey of the sloop captured on the 23d instant by the U. S. S. 
Vhnarron in Wassaw Sound, and report to you her condition and the 
feasibility of sending her north, and if we should be of opinion that 
the vessel should not be sent north to make an accurate appraisement 
of the value of her hull, tackle, etc., also taking a careful inventory 
of her cargo, we very respectfully report that sne is a small, flat-bot- 
tomed sloop, and unfit for any sea voyage. We value her hull, tackle, 
etc., at $50. 

Her cargo consists of lOi bales cotton and about 2 bales loose cotton, 
all in dwiaged condition. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servants, 

T. Stites, 

Acti7ig Master, 
Charles Boardman, 

Carpenter, 



Order of Bear-Admiral Du Pont^ U. S. Navy^ to Commander Dovm^a^ 
U. S. Nwvy^ commanding U. S, S. Ndhant. 

Flagship Wabash, 
P(n^ Boyal Ilai^r^ S. C, April 23, 1863. 
Sir: You will proceed with the Nahant under your command to 
North Eklisto, South Carolina, reporting on your arrival to the senior 
officer present. 
The tiilb will convoy you. 
Hespectfully, etc., 

S. F. Du Pont, 

Rear- Admiral. 

Commander J. Downes, 

U. S. Ironclad Nahant. 



Report of Commander Batch U. H. Navy., of operations of the U. S. S. 
Comtnodvre McDonough, April 23, 1863. 

U. S. Steam Sloop Pawnee, 
Stono Inlet, South Carolitia, April 25, 1863. 
Sir: I have the honor to transmit a report* from Lieutenant- 
Conmiander Bacon in reference to shelling the woods on James 
Island, opposite Folly Island, which was done by my orders, at the 
request of General Vogdes. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

Geo. B. Balch, 
Commander and Senior Officer Present. 

Rear- Admiral S. F. Du Pont, 

Comdg. South Atlantic Blockading Stfuadron, Port Boyal, S. C. 

* Not found. 
K W B— VOL 14 11 



160 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING 8QUADBON. 



Abstract log of the U. S. S, Cmamodore McDmmigh^ Lieutemint Bamti^ 
U. S. Navy^ cominanding. 

April 23^ 1863. — At 10 a. ni. commenced shelling the woods on James 
Island. At 10: 25 ceased firing. Amount of ammunition expended, as 
follows, viz, 13 shells and 3 rounds of shrapnel. 



Letter froifi the Secretary of the Na^ir^ to Ch ief Engineer Wood^ U. S, 
^my., expressing) appreciation of his offer for special service. 

Navy Department, April 1863. 
Sir: I received your communication of the 16th instant, relative to 
the re(?ent attack upon the fortifications of Charleston, and stating that 
you will volunteer at a moment's notice to take command or anv 
monitor, with the Ericsson bottom scraper attached, and proceed with 
it to the obstiHictions which block up the entmnce to Charleston 
Harbor, etc. 

The Department appreciates the earnest and patriotic feeling that 
prompted your communication, and may avail itself of your talents 
and services at some future period. 
I am, respectfully, etc., 

Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of the Navy. 
Chief Engineer W. W. W. Wood, U. S. Navy, 

New York. 



Order of Rear-Adm/iral Dn Pont^ U. S. Navy.^ to Ac'in<f Master 
Merimn^ U. S. Nany^ conimanding U. S. S. Madgie^ t t, proceed to 
duty ill St. SimorCs Sound. 

Flagship Wabash, 
Port Royal narbm\ S. 61, April 1863. 
Sir: You will procxsed with the Madgie under your command to St. 
Simon's and report for blockading duty to Commander W. E. Le Roy, 
senior ofticer present. 

On your way down you will stop at Wassaw and put Pilot Murphy 
on board the Cimarron. 
Respectfully, etc., 

S. F. Du Pont, 

Rear- Admiral. 

•Vcting Master F. B. Meriam, 

U. S. S. Madgie^ Port Royal. 



Report of Commandirr Ralch.^ U. S. Na/vy., qi/ovng informntion. regard 
ing signals observed hy the ma^stei* of^ the steamer Mayfiower. 

U. S. Steam Sloop Pawnee, 
Storvo Inlet^ South Carolina.^ April 25^ 1863. 
Sir: The following information I deem of importance, and take this 
opportunity of sending you the particulars, w^hich I have just learned, 
after enquiry, from Captain Young, of the Mayflower. 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



161 



Last night, his vessel beiiiff al>out 4 miles south of North Edisto, 
lights were discovered aboard of some vessel inshore, and the lights 
were answered from the shore by a number of red light**. At aay- 
light a steamer was seen standing to the eastward, burning black smoke 
and going very fast. Captain Young describes her as a side-wheel 
steamer, with two masts, her smokestack raking very much; she was 
apparently 270 feet long, low, and running off very fast. He seems 
positive that this stranger was an English steamer, and had been land- 
ing freight on the beac%. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

Geo. B. Balch, 
Commander and Smior Officer Present. 
Bear- Admiral S. F. Du Pont, 

Conidg. South AtlafUic Blockading Squadron^ Port Royal^ S. C. 



Letter from Colon4?l Iligginson^ U. S. Army^ to Br igadu>r- General 
Saxton^ U, S, Army^ giving infortnation regarding t/ie Confederate 
9team£T Berom. 

Hdqrs. First Reoiment, South Carolina Vols., 

April 25, 1863. 

General: I have the honor of calling vour attention to the fact 
that information is given in the Savannah Republican of April 16, 
which came by flag of truce, and which I transmit with this, in regard 
to the rebel steamer Berosa* 

My expedition up the St. Mary's River last Januarv was under- 
taken partly at the suggestion of Commander Hughes, iT. S. Navy, of 
the gunboat Mohawk, to obtain information in regard to this very 
steamer. 1 ascertained that she was lying farther up the river than I 
could penetrate, waiting for new boilers, but that sne was so old and 
worn out as to be utterly unserviceable. 

So it has proved. This newspaper states that ''She sailed from St. 
Mary's on April 8, sprung a leak Thursday night, and after an unsuc- 
cessful attempt to save her by pumping and bailing, was abandoned 
by her crew Friday morning in the Gulf Stream; latitude ai)"- 60', 
longitude 79^ 50'. Captain Adair, her commander, and others of the 
officers, reached Charleston Tuesday afternoon following." 

The statement is credited to the Charleston Courier; nothing is 
stated in regard to the steamer's cargo. 

If deemed proper^ I would respectfully suggest that this communi- 
cation, if not the original newspaper, be forwarded to Rear- Admiral 
Du Pont. I know that he had airected Commander Hughes to make 
enquiry as to the Berosa, and I desire to offer him any service in my 
power, however humble, in requital of the gratitude I owe to him 
and to his subordinate officers in connection with the different expe- 
ditions in which I have been employed. 

I have the honor to be, general, very respectfully, your obedient 
servant, 

T. W. HiGGINSON, 

Colonel, Commandin{f, 

Brigadier-Greneral Saxton. 



*Not found. 



162 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 

Report of Rear- Admiral Du Polity U. S. Navy^ regarding the iwed 
of additional enginesra afidfiremm. 

No. 209.] Flagship Wabash, 

Port Royal Harbor, S. April 26, 1863. 
Sir: The services of firemen and assistant engineers are much needed 
in this squadron. 

May I ask the Department to order that six third assistant engineers 
and twenty -five firemen be sent here without delay 
Verv respectfullv, your obedient servant, 

S. F. Du Pont, 

Rear- Admiral, Coindg, South Atlantic Blockading Squ/idmn. 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of the Navy, Washingo7i, D. C. 



[Telegram.] 

Baltimore, Ajyril 26, 1863 — 11 a. m. 
Steamer C, W. Thomm arrived Fortress Monroe vesterday fmni 
North Misto; reports whole monitor fleet at Nortlj iJiisto on Thurs- 
day last. 

C. C. Fulton. 

G. V. Fox. 



Order of Rear- Admiral Du Pont, U. S. JVdm/, to Commander Pat- 
ternon, TJ, S, Nary,, commandivg U, S, S, Jamen Adger, to proceed 
to New Yo7'k, tawing the U. S. S. Passaic. 

Flagship Wabash, 
Prrt Royal llarUr, S. C, April 27, 1863. 
Sir: You will please proceed to North Edisto prepared to take in 
tow U. S. ironclad Passaic, Captain P. Drayton, reporting to him for 
this pui'j)ose, that vessel having been ordered to New York. 

I can ill spare the services of the James Adqer from this squadron, 
but as you have experience in the service oi towing these peculiar 
vessels, I have detailed you for this dutv. 

You will, on your arrival at New Ti'ork, report to Reai:-Admiral 
Paulding, counuandant of the station, and unless detained by him or 
the Secretary of the Navy, you will return without unnecessary delay 
in taking in supplies, etc. Return to Port Royal, calling off Charles- 
ton as you pass. 

Respectfully, etc., 

S. F. Du PONT, 

Rear- Admiral. 

Commander T. H. Patterson, 

U. S. S. James Adger. 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 163 

Order of Rear-Admiral I>u PoiiL [L S. Nairif^ to Captain T>rayt<m^ 
r. Navy^ commanding U. S. S. Passau\ to proceed with that 
rettsd Pj New York. 

Flagship Wabash, 
PoH Royal Harbar, S, April 27, 1863. 
Sir: In accordance with an order from the Navy Department, of 
which I enclose a copy, you will proceed with the Pa^mia under your 
conunand to New York, and report your arrival to Rear- Admiral 
Paulding, and through him to the hononible Secretary of the Navy 
by letter. 

"The Jaine^ Adger, Commander Patterson, takes this order, and will 
be readv to tow you north, 
ftespectfully, etc., 

S. F. Du Pont, 

Rear-Adm imU 

Captain P. Drayton, 

U. S. Irondad Passaic, North Edisto, 



Report of Commander Balch, U, S, Nary, retj^iesting inntructiwi for 
naml officers in the Army vtKh of signah. 

IT. S. Steam Six)Op Pawnee, 
Stmo Inlet, South Carolina, April 27, 1863. 
Sir: For the more efficient performance of the duties of the naval 
force under my command wnilst engaged in cooperating with the 
army on this station I respectfully request authority to appoint 
Lieutenant-Commander F. m. Ikuice as one to be taught the Anny 
code of signals, and also I desire authority to appoint some officer of 
the Commodore McDonough for the same purpose, should I find it 
nece&sary. 

I have an officer sent on board by General Vogdes, who l)elongs to 
the Signal Corps, who will, by authority, tetwh any officer who may 
be desiraated. 

Very respectfully, your obedient seiTant, 

(teo. B. Balch, 
C(minia7u1<'^r ayid Senifrr Offict-i* Present, 
Rear-Admiral S. F. Du Pont, 

Comdg. South Atlantic Blockadiny Squadron, Port Royal, S, C. 



Rf'jHtrt of Ommander Balch, U. S. Navy, senior officer in Stono Inlet, 
S^/uth Carolina, regarding optrationn on that statitm. 

U. S. Steam Sloop Pawnee, 
Stono Inlet, South Carolimi, April 28, 1863. 
Sir: I have the honor to report all quiet in the Stono. 
From the anchorage of the Pawnee we have seen a rebel flag hoisted 
over what appeal's to be a battery. It is to the right of Secession- 
ville, and I luc^ it has been put up for the purpose of commanding 
the approeen bv the way of Light-House Inlet and perhaps to annoy 
our troops on tlie north end of Folly Island. 



164 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



1 have not been for some days to the head of that island, but I learn 
that the rebels are fortifying the south end of Morris Island, and by 
an inspection of the chart vou will perceive that a lire in the direction 
of the length of Folly Island, with a cross lire from James Island, 
would be exceedingly annoying to the troops now on Folly Island. I 
should be able, to get the naval force now on this station ^ miles far- 
ther up the Folly River in case it is found necessary to shell the bat- 
tery; above that point it would be impossible to go. The Pmiyiu*e is 
at anchor oflf the plantation house on Folly Island, 2 miles f i-om the 
southwestern end. 

I went up the Kiawah River in the Pawnee yesterday, and on 
returning for the purpose of scaling my guns opened fire on what has 
been supposed a battery on James Island, but no reply came from the 
enemy. 

I respectfully request that a paymaster may be ordered to this ship 
in place of Assistant Paymaster Curtis, deceased. Lieutenant-Com- 
mander Bunce is now performing the duties of paymaster, and will 
continue to do so until relieved. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

Geo. B. Balch, 
Commander and Senim* Officer. 

Rear-Admiral S. F. Du Pont, 

Commanding South Atlantic Bhclcading Squadron, Port Royal. 



F1.AOSHIP Wabash, 
Port Royal Harbor, S. 6'., April 29, 1863. 
General: Will you please present my thanks to Lieutenant-Colonel 
Higginson for the information contained in his letter to you, and for 
the enclosed paper referring to the loss of the steamer Btrosa. 

I had previously heard or the fate of this vessel, but the Savannah 
papers wnich you forwarded give full particrulars. 
Respectfully, etc., 

S. F. Du Pont, 

Rear- Admiral'. 

Brigadier-Genoml R. Saxton, U. S. Volunteers, 

Beauf(/rt, S. C. 



Letter from. Major- Geixeral Hunter, U. S. Ariny, to Rear- Admiral 
Du I\mt, U. S. Navy, jN'opotii7ig a joint demonHtration in the Sa- 
vannah River. 

Headquarters Department of the South, 

Ajrril 29, 1863. 

Admiral: In our last interview I had the honor of submitting to 
you a suggestion that a joint demonstration on the Savannah River, 
even though merely a demonstration, would have the good effect of 
keeping the enemy's coast in alai*m and tending to prevent any large 
withdrawal of his forces to reinforce his other armies in Virginia or 
the West. 

The proposition was that two of the ironclads should run up the 
Savannah River, halting lielow the obstructions, at a distance that 
would permit them to shell the enemy's floating battery Georgia, now 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



165 



penned in and believed to be ostiore just al)ove the obstructions, while 
a large number of transports with sufficient men shown on • them to 
create the impression that a joint attack was about being made, should 
be held in rear of your ironclads. 

This proposition I have now to renew, believing that it will materi- 
ally help tne country's arms in other directions by keeping many 
thousanas of the enemy on the alert at Savaimah and its surrounding 
defenses. 

I have the honor to be, adminil, very respectfully, your most 
olM?<iient ser\^ant, 

D. Hunter, 

Major- General^ Commanding, 

Admiral S. F. Du Pont, • 

dntuig. South Atla^itio Blockadi/ng Sijuadron^ FUtyfihip Wabash, 



Letter from Rear- Admiral Du Pont^ U. S. Navy^ to Major- Getieral 
Hunter J U, S, Army^ responding to his proposal ftrr a joint demon- 
stration in the Savannah River. 

Private.] Flagship Wabash, 

Port Royal Ilarhor, S, April 29, 1863. 

General: I will be better able to reply to your official letter to- 
morrow, when I hear from Edisto. 

It strikes me favorably, with one exception, that we can do nothing 
with tlie Georgi/i., I fear, and thus reduce further the moral effect of 
the monitors, I mean on account of the distance she will have to be 
engaged at. 

1 w ill hurry still more the repairs on the Weehawken, the only iron- 
clad here, and can send to Edisto for another. The Passaic goes north 
from there to-day, under a peremptory order from the Navy Depart- 
ment. 

Captain Rodgers has gone to Edisto and oflf Charleston to see how 
things are at Morris Island, and I will let you know the result of his 
visit to-morrow. 

Respectfully, etc., 

S. F. Du Pont, 

Rear- Admiral, 

Major-General D. Hunter, 

Cornnmnding Department of the South. 



Letter from Mr. Trxvssell to Rear- Admiral Du Ptmt^ U, S. JVavy^ pro- 
posing measures fyi* the destructimi <f toj^pedoes planted hy the enemy 
in Charleston Iiai hoi*. 

New York, April — , 1863. 
Dear Sir: The recent repulse of our gallant fleet of ironclads in 
their attack upon the forts and batteries guarding the approach to the 
city of Charleston induces me to submit to your consicleration a plan 
for the removal or destruction of torpedoes, by the sinking of which 
the public enemy succeeded in repelling that attack. In the diiiwing 



166 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



enclosed the object marked ''A" is intended to represent a tue or an 
old steamer, the cheaper, except for this purpose, the better. She is to 
be attached to a monitor (marked ' ' B by a chain hawser (marked ' ' 4 
from 300 to 4U0 yards in length. Figure 1 denotes her rudder, to be 
guided as required by a hand in the turret of the monitor by means of 
the chain-steering tackle (marked 3 ") acting on the outriggers (marked 
''2 2") and connected with the rudder. Attached to and underneath the 
keel of the tug are placed sharp iron hooks, or semicircular knives, two 
or more in number (marked ''6"), which will grapple with, and fi-oni 
the momentum of the tug's speed, cut through any rope, or ho disturb 
any chain cable with which it may come in contact as to cause the 
explosion of a torpedo. The figures 6 6 6 are intended to give a side 
view of the steam tug. 

For the protection of the lives on board the tug, it will be necessary 
to encase her with bales of cotton, which can be readily done. When 
arrived in the neigh lx)rhood of forts, batteries, and toipedoes an extra 
head of steam should be applied, and all the hands escape to the moni- 
tor. In case of an explosion the destruction of the tug would consti- 
tute all the loss. 

In submitting the foregoing, permit me to add that I am familiar 
with ships, having pursued the avocation of shipbuilding for man}* 
years. 

I have the honor to l>e, with profound respect, your Exoellencj^'s 
fellow-citizen, 

Richard Trussell, 

SS Maideti Lane. 

His Excellency AimAiiAM IjIncoln, 

Presl(le)it, 



[Enolosuro.] 
Sketch of propowil torjtedo destroyer. 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 167 

Reipurt of Flag- Officer Du P(n\t^ V, S, Nary^ reijarding the di^HjHlt/imi 
of the vessels of his com mana. 

No. 210.] Flagship Wabash, 

Port Royal HarUr, S. May U 1863. 

Sir: I have the honor to repoi*t the following iK).sitions on hloi'kade 
of the vessels of this 8(|uadron: 

At Georgetown. U. S. S. Coiiemautfh, 

Off BulPs Bay, V. S. S. Lodmm.^ * 

Off Charleston^ U. S. steamers Neio Irmsides^ Cana7u1aigua^ 
South Carolina^ Augusta^ Paid Jone^^ Ilnron^ Vnadilhu Wafitmfta; 
schooners G, W. Blunt and America, 

In Stono, U. S. steamers Pmrniee and Chtnntodorr McDommyh and 
mortar si^hooner V, P. Wiliiams. 

In North fklisto, U. S. ironclads Patapsco, Nahant^ Catskill, JVan- 
tucttft^ Mojitavk: U. S. steamers Sehago, Se?i£ca; niortjir schooners 
Para and Norfkk Packet, 

In St. Helena Sound, U. S. bark Kingji^her, 

In Wassaw Sound, U. S. S. Cimarron, 

In Ossabaw Sound, U. S. S. Da^m, 

Guarding St. Catherine's, Doboy, Sapelo, and St. Simon's sounds, 
U. S. steamers KeysUme State^ Potomska^ Ma<lgie; l)arks Braziliera 
and Femandina. 

In St Andrew's, U. S. bark Midnight, 

At Fernandina, U. S. S. Mohuvjk, 

In the St. John's River, U. S. steamers Norwich and E, B, Hale, 
In Poit Royal, Fagship Wahi^hx storeships ]WiHo/it^ Courier^ Val- 
pamistt; undergoin^^ repairs andttikingin stores, ironclad WeeJiawkoi; 
steamei*s llmu^itainc^ l\nrhat<tn„ MaMehcad^ Stettin^ Unms; tugs 
DaJftHlil^ Ol^ind^*^ (>, M. Pettily i olutnhine^ Dandelion^ and Kescae, 
The U. S. schooner Hope is used as a dispatch l>oat. The James 
Adger has gone to New York, having in tow the U. S. ironclad Passaic^ 
sent north m obedience to orders from the Department. 
Very respectfullv. vour obedient servant, 

S. F. I)u Pont, 
Rear- Admiral^ Corndg. ^South Atlmitic Blockading Sqaadrtm. 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of tlie Navy^ Washinyton, I), C. 



168 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 




«6S 



Hjj ^tu ^ .Q^*** .>-<ii 4r^«HP«< - 

i-Hli^ifcllilP Ills 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADIKO 80VADBON. 



169 




172 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING 8QUADBON. 



Order frf Commander Le Roy^ U. S. Namf^ to Acting Master Moses^ 
U. S, Na/mf^ regarding the use of signals on the arrival of vessels, 

U. S. S. Kjjystone State, 

St, Simo?i\ Mag 2, 1S6S. 

Captain: A misunderstanding seeming to exist with regard to sig- 
nals, I would here mention that it is ver^ necessary, particularly at 
this time, to observe great caution. It is the duty of the stranger 
approaching to make himself known to the vessel on the station, who 
will respond by showing his number. 

At night it is particularly necessary to observe the signals, and a 
stranger making his numbers must always be replied to by the number 
of the vessel he is making himself known to. The mere hoisting a 
light carries with it no particular significance other than that there is 
a vessel in that spot, and an enemy as well as a friend could make that 
signal. 

When vessels have no private understanding by which to recognize 
one another at night, they must observe the signals as established by 
regulation. 

Very respectfully, 

Wm. E. Le Roy, 

Commander and Senior Officer, 

Acting Master Edward Moses, U. S. Navy, 

Commanding U, S, Bark Femandina^ Doboy. 



Letter from the Secretary of the Navy to Rear- Admiral Du Pont^ U, S. 
Navy^ trans^tnittvng consular extracts regarding mxrvetnenls of blockade 
runners. 

Navy Department, May ^, 186S. 
Sir: I tmnsmit herewith extracts from consular and other dispatches 
in reference to suspected vessels. 
I am, respectfully, etc., 

Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of the Navy, 

Rear- Admiral Saml. F. Du Pont, 

Comdg, South Atlafitic Blockdg, Squadron^ Port Royaly S, C, 

[Enclosure.] 

Extracts and information from corumlar dispatches. 

Extracts from private letter, dated Nassau, [New Providence], April 
13, 1863: Blockade running has been brisk, as usual, although, of 
course, the moonlight nights, now passed, prevented all intercourse 
between Charleston and Nassau. The capture of the Ghranite CUy^ 
Nicolai /, and Douro were unpleasant pills for the fellows to swallow, 
but the destruction of the Georgiana not only touched their pockets, 
but their hopes. She was a splendid craft, peculiarly fitted for the 
business of privateering. ♦ ♦ ♦ I have kept a memorandum of the 
arrivals and departures of the steamers in the Dixie trade since I have 
been here, now nine weeks: 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADINO SQUADRON. 



173 



Arrivak. 



Feb. 



Mar. 



Apr. 



9 Calypso. 
9 St. Johnn. 
16 Flora. 

16 Marirarvt and Jcwie. 

21 I Ruby. 

22 I Hero. 

25 I StonewallJavkHon. 
1 i Ruby. 
3 , Giraffe. 

14 ' Margaret andJemie. 

14 Victory. 

15 ! Eaicle. 

15 ! Granite City. 



Ensign. 
Ruby. 
Gertrude. 

Margaret and JcsHie. 



Departures. 



Feb. 



9 
10 
10 
15 
19 
19 
20 
20 
24 

Mar. 10 
11 
12 
14 
14 
14 
14 
15 
17 
20 
21 
21 
24 
. 25 

Apr. 7 
8 
9 
11 
12 
12 



Ruby. 

Stonewall JackMon. 

(jiraffe. 

I)oun). 

Emma. 

Wave Queen. 

Havelock. 

Granite City. 

Margaret and Jcteie. 

Ruby. 

Britannia. 

Flora. 

Gertrude. 

Ruby. 

Nieolai I. 

Georgiana. 



Giraffe. 

Antonica. 

Eagle. 

Granite City. 
Margaret and Je. sie. 
Stonewall Jackson. 
Emma. 

Ella and Annie. 

Stonewall Jackson. 

Gertrude. 

Flora. 

Pet. 

St. JohiiM. 



You will notice that there are more departures than arrivals, but 
there are several vessels which are auite likely to bo in before I close 
this letter, and several have run back to Bermuda instead of returning 
here, while several have been captured and wrecked. ♦ ♦ ♦ 

This list is exclusive of all the sloops and schooners which come and 
go without much notice. I know of one schooner which has made ten 
round trips. You can draw your own conclusions about the vigilance 
of our blockading and the impoitance of taking Charleston from this 
list. The streets here are busy, and drays carting goods to the steam- 
ers and cotton to the warehouses and yards. ♦ ♦ ♦ 

London, April 11: The privateer Japan^ instead of receiving the 
armament, etc., from the Alnr at Alderney, as was expected, went 
across the channel to a French port (Ushant) and received it there. 
She received it on Thuraday, and is now on the way to the Western 
Islands, where it is said she will meet the Alnhaiua or Florida, 

The Alar put on board of her one 58-pounder Whitworth and four 
smaller guns^ with shot, shell, etc., in great abundance. She was 
entirely fitted with gun carriages and everything necessary to receive 
her guns. She has about 140 men, will steam 15i miles per hour, and 
must prove a very dangerous craft. 

The rig of the Sat Q\ieen has been changed; she was schooner- 
rigged, but she goes out with a brigantine rig, but can be easily 
changed back to a schooner. She formerly was Lloyds^ of L#ondon, 
then Sea Oueen^ of London, then of Hamburg, now of Hartlepool. 
All these cnanges are hardly necessary for a regular trader to a neu- 
tral port with legitimate c^argo." She is now ready for sea and 
follows the Peterhoffm the pat-ket line to Matamoras, loaded by Ben- 
nett & Wake. One other steamer will soon follow. 

Liverpool, April 11: Referring to the steamer f/r//>a;?, says: Since 
my last I have learned from reliable authoritv that sne was litted out 



174 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



by Mr. Thoma-s Bold, of Liverpool, who went up to Glasgow for that 

Surpose. The inone\' came from London. Mr. Bold was employed to 
o this work by Mr. Maury. She ha.s gone out as a privateer. Her 
armament left on another vessel. I have not yet learned her name or 
the port from which she sailed. Bold is one of the tory leaders in 
Ijiverpool, and a relative of Maury. 

Relative to the Florida: One of the captains whose ship was burned 
by the Florida says she has two pivot guns mounted, m addition to 
her six broadside guns. The two pivot guns he says are lOO-pounders, 
the broadsides 68-pounder8. 

Steamer Adlcr entered to load yesterday for Nassau. Her captain 
is named Trenier; W. J. Grazebrook, consignee, who you will recol- 
lect as the owner and consignee of the Nicolai L There is no doubt 
about this vessel. 

Liverpool, April 3, 1863: The consul in referring to the affidavits of 
Mr. Yonge, former paymaster of the Alahama^ and who left that 

?iratical vessel at Jamaica, says while in Jamaicti and just before 
onge left the vessel, he heard Semmes UA\ Kell, while they were in 
the captain's room, that as soon as winter was over they would go up 
North and attend to the European trade, as thei*e were no ships else- 
where. Mr. Yonge thinks he will go up toward the Banks ana cruise 
between them and the Azores, and not go on any distant voyage. 
Signal flags of recognition have been agn»ed upon between the steiun- 
ers Alabama and F lorida^ and made l>efore he left. They are white 
flags about 10 or 11 feet long and 7 or 8 feet wide, with two large, 
black balls in thorn. 

The second exchange to be a ))lack flag, same size, with two white 
balls in it. It nuist be recollected })V our cruisers, to whom this 
information is connnunic^ited, that the Alahaaui has but one pipe, whUe 
the Florida> has two, close together, about amidships, and abaft the 
other. Hence the Florida will not show this flag to a steamer with 
but one funnel, and the Ahihama but to a steamer with two funnels. 
He says the Alahama took a 12-poiindor James rifle gun from the 
Ariel ^ which she now hjis in addition to her fonner armament. 



Report (if Captain DraqUm^ IL S, Nai^y^f fprnmatuiing TL S. aS. PaftMiie^ 
(\f arrival at Neir Voj^k narij yard in tow of tfoi U, S. S. Jame% 
Adijer. 

I". S. Iron(^lai) Passaic, 
Namj Vard, jVetn Yorl\, May 1863. 
Sir: In oliedience to the order of Kear-Admiml S. F. Du Pont^ 
dated at Port Royal, April 27, 1 left the North Edisto River on the 
afternoon of the 2J)th in tow of the steamer y(ir/;/(/< Adijer^ and have the 
honor to report my arrival here with the Ihsifair at i\ p. m. to-day, 
after an unusually favorable passage. 

1 am, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

P. Drayton, 

Captain. 

Hon. (tideon Wkllks, 

^ecTttary <f the Navy^ WaMngton. 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 175 

Letter fnmi Rear-Admiral l)u Pont^ U. S. Nfivy, to fh<> S^rrrtary of 
the Xat^y^ requesting that the U. S. S. Bienville he ordered to his 
etunmana. 

No. Flaoship Wabash, 

Port Royal llai^HH\ S. (\, May 4, 186:L 
Sir: I know what the prensure on the Do^mrtment is in supplying 
the different sauadrons with vessels for the blockade, but I have {>een 
obliged to sena so many north for repairs, which <*an not, with all our 
resources, be made here, with the prospect of sending othei*s, that I 
am induced to request the Department to order the Bienville again to 
this squadron, where her services are so much needed, particularly in 
blockading off Charleston. 

Verv respectfully, vour obedient servant, 

S. F. Du Pont, 
Rear- Admiral^ Coimhj, South Atlantic BUxikadimj Squadron, 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of the Navy^ Washinyton, D. C. 



Report Acting Ma^trr Dut<^h^ U. S. Nary^ eonrmanding IL S. hark 
iGngJisher^ regardfng recamwi^am'e in Ashejxpo liivei*^ South 
Carolina. 

U. S. Bark Kingfisher, 
St. Helena Sound, May ^ 1863. 

Sir: I have the honor to report that I have sent mv launch, in 
charge of Master^s Mate Nelson, to Port Ro^^al for our mails and stores. 

On April 25, on a reconnoissance up Ashepoo River, saw some of 
the enemy on the edge of the woods above Bennett's Point. A few 
shells thrown from the Wild Cat caused them to disappear. I believe 
that the picket force along their lines has been nmch increased within 
the last few weeks. Contraband desertei-s tell me that most of the 
troops have been ordered away from Adams Run and Green Pond 
Depot. 

We supply the ship with fresh beef every week. The health of the 
officers and men is excellent. 

I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

J. C. Dutch, 
Acting Jfastrr, in Co7n?na?id. 

Rear- Admiral S. F. Du Pont, 

Commanding South Atlantic Bloclading Squadron. 



Letter from Rear- Admiral Du Pont^ U. S. Xary^ to Major- General 
Hunter^ U. S. ^lr/y?y, regarding prop^jsed d^^nonnt ration in Savannah 
River. 

Fij^GSHip Wabash, 
Port Royal I/arhor, S. r.. May 4. 1863, 
General: I have delayed several da^-s in rcplyiiijf to your commu- 
nication of the 39th ultimo, for reasons set forth in my private note of 
that date. 

Wf W R— VOL 14 1'2 



176 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADBON. 



In the meantime I have given the subject-matter of your letter 
mature consideration, for I am anxious to join you in anything that 
will promote the ends in view. 

Yet, gencml, for the present, and until 1 can gain some more defi- 
nite information as to the position of the enemy's floating battery 
Georgia^ and the probability of our being able to do it the slightest 
injury, it might not be advisable to proceed, and for the following 
reasons: 

1. That nothing but a feint or demonstration can be made against 
Savannah. 

2. That which you and I intend merely as a demonstration, with a 
definite object to accomplish thereby, will be considered another 
repulse or failure by the rebels. 

3. That if troops follow our ironclads and do not land, it will be 
looked upon in the same light at the North. 

Should you see these things in the same light, I would prefer defer- 
ring for the present operations in that quarter. 
Respectfully, etc., 

S. F. Du Pont, 

Rear-Adm IraL 

Major-Gencnil D. Hunter, 

Commaiidimj Department oftlu^ Smith, 



Order of Rear- Admiral, Da l\n\t^ U, Navy,, to Lhmt4.mant'Com' 
Dvaiider Scott ^ U, S. Nav^t/,, commaridhig U* S, S, Marhlehmd. 

Ft^gship Wabash, 
P(^i Riryal Ifarhin*, S. C, May J^, 186 J. 
Sir: As soon as ready for sea, you will proceed with the J/arblehead 
off Charleston and report for blockading duty to Commodore Turner, 
senior officer present. 

Respectfully, etc., 

S. F. Du Pont, 

Rear- Admiral. 

Lieutenant-Commander R. W. Scott, 

Me?n/jer of Court- Martml, 



Ordisr of Rear- lid ml ral Die Pont^ U, S. JVavy, to Commander Ammen^ 
U, S. Navy,, regarding the. U. S. S. Se?ieca. 

Flagship Wabash, 
I'ort Royal Ilarhor, S. C, May J, 186J. 
Sir: On receipt of this order you will please send the U. S. S. 
Seneca to this port. 

Respectfully, your obedient servant, 

S. F. Du Pont, 

Rear-Adm Ira/,, Comdf/. So^ith Atlajitic Blockading Sqxi4idron. 

Commander D. Ammrn, 

U. S. S. J\itapnco^ Senior Officer PresefU,, North £distr>^ S. C. 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 177 

Report of Cammander Balch^ U. S. JVdvu^ re^ardimj cofidition of 

affairs in Stono Litet, 

U. S. Steam Sloop Pawnee, 

Stono Inht, May 5, 1863. 
Sik: I have the honor to report all quiet in Stono waters. 
The Paid Jones is off the bar and a pilot has been sent off to her. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

Geo. B. Balch, 
Commaud<:r and Senior Officer Present, 

Rear- Admiral S. F. Du Pont, 

Conidg. South Atlantic Blockadimj Squadron^ Port Royal^ S. C. 



Rei>ort of Comitwdore Turner,^ U. S. Navy^ regarding information look- 
171^ to a probable attack from Confederate rams, 

U. S. S. New Ironsides, 
Off Charleston, S. May 5, 1863. 
Admiral: The Atnerica sailed yesterday at 4 o'clock p. m., too early 
for your disptitch. 
The commander of the South Carolhia, by whom 1 send this, will 

f-ive you some very important information, looking to a probable attack 
rom the rams. 

I would like to have the Powhatan and IlomaUmic up here as soon 
as possible. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

T. Turner, 

ConwwdAfre. 

Rear- Admiral S. F. Du Pont, 

Commanding South Atlantic Blockadhuj Sq\uidr<m 



Order of Rear- Admiral Da Pont, U. S. Navy, to Captain Steedmnn, 
U. S. Navy, commanding U. S. S. Powhatan, to proceed to duty off 
Charleston, S. C. 

Flagship Wabash, 
J'frrt Rrn/al Harbor, aS. C, May 6, 1863. 
Sib: You will proceed with the Powhutan under your command off 
Charleston and report for blockading duty to Commodore T. Turner, 
senior oflScer present. 

You will send Lieutenant Higginson on board the Wahash, as his 
presence is necessary to close the proceedings of the case before the 
court-martial in session on the Vermont. Mr. Higginson will rejoin 
your ship by the first opportunity. 
Respectfully, etc., 

S. F. Du Pont, 

Rear-Admiral. 

Captain C. Steedman, 

U. S. S. Powhatan. 



178 



mvrn Atlantic blockading squadron. 



Rept/rt fff Commoflon Turm*r^ (L S, Nav^y^ rrfjardiiuj (\0mTS off 



My Dkah Ai>MiHAr; From tho repurtn uf Captain.s Ahiiy Pai- 
rott, yei^tenlny, I hiu infUnod to thitik that these people are itieditatiiijyf 
a mid on the iip|x*r or lower Line, upon the small vessels tstationed 
elo-se in, as the}" have a steanier, |)rotected with cotton hales, in Night at 
Fort Sumter. 1 therefore think it iinsalre to let them reniaiii too rIoHe 
in, for, before anyone eotild get to their assiHtanee, they might he 
destroyed or eiiptiired. The wnole thing would be long over before I 
rould jslipand gi*t there, I am very anxious about the littk^ iPafidelii^n, 
They certainly were prospei^ting something last iiij<ht> It is very 
important that 1 should have all the vessels here whieh belong to me^ 
beeause, with the linos so thinned off and so far apurt as they are now, 
mueh damage might be done before the nearest vessel eould get t*> the 
EBsistanee of the next one to her. I wish s^ome one eoukl take the plaee 
of Captain Taylor on the eourt- martial and let him erinie here. The 
whole thing is inexplieable to me, their moveiuents last night, if some- 
thing of thi* sort was not on ffH>t, for I ean hardly beiir've they had 
any idea of attaekinj^ this ship; but that 8ome luisehief was working, 
I have no doubt, whii-h perhaps a few days or nights may diselose. 
Captain Almy w^ill tell yon of the nature of his offii'ial report to me, 
Sfi well as that of I'arrotf's. I wish, as far as is possible to avoid it, 



the ground, the night signals, and enemy's movements, the}" are 
ordered im\i\ and a strange vessel sent to take their j)laces** The 
AhrhhhiiiiJ has not _vet arrived, I think it wiser to jxist the voRnels 
farther off from the shore with the risk f>f a bloi-kade runner getting 
by than for them to remain elose in with the risk uf being eaptun^d! 
This ship is so miwi<»ldly and moves so slow^ly that she will not do half 
the service that a vessel like the l*ffwliut(tn would, and if they only 
knew that on shore they would not give themselves nuieh trouble 
about her. Now thnt her eopi3er is dropping off, she will make less 
headw^ay than ever with the grass forming X\\Km her l>ottom. The pilot 
sent home to New York was invaluable to me; the one sent here, a 
good old man, knows nothing aliout these waters and does not pretend 
tOj and ean be of no earthly use to me in night work, Mr. lioletho 
had the eonfidenee ut every l»ody un board as a pilot, 1 am very iiorry 
to have lost hini,t 

Truly, yuurs. 



[Notej^ by Rear-Adniiral Du Pont:] 

* Never changi^d fait when he sends them away; alwayi^ sent baek 
wht^n they ean \n\ Certain veis^els have to l>e outside, another kind 
inside. 

t He sent him home himself; Davis, of the Wmahiehm^ my^ he 
lost the (Jei/rfjimm through his ignorance. 



Frigate InoNaiDES, 

(}f marh^fmK May (i. 




T. TURNKR. 




fKJlTTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



179 



Onler nf Rem^-Admiml Jht Pmii^ Nm^y^ i^/ dmiinmhrn* Turner^ 
U. &\ Mi'i^^ rf'fjardin^ the d/j?mitio'H of jm^, 

Flagshu' WaRA8II, 

HfH Roytd a, Mty 7, 186 J. 

Sir: EnrloBecI arc copies of Gt^iienil Orders, No* for tln^ coiii- 
mttiifliiifif office 1*8 of the I\nf}hft(i!u -Vr//* Irftmid4^, MnrUehmd^ Fimj^ 
Oinfindmeiita^ Umidilia^ tSMtui., Ptad Jmim^ Ihirmi^ IIfmHatfmit\ 
AuffH^fit^ Damldimi^ and Wamrndtn^ now off I'harlestoii, which you 
will plcane have distributed immediatdy. 

1 bike thig oi-eai^iou to my that only nt-eaniers capturt^d off Charles- 
ton are to lie ,serit to lk»ytoii, in aecordance with the order of the 
Deptirtnient, which I have forwarded to you- Sailing vessclH nhoiild 
he .sent to the nearest ports, bnt to avoid all dilficulticfc^, you will plc^Lse, 
for the pre.siMit, send to Port Rc^yal all .steamers taken off CharleE^ton, 
which vou have heretofore done. 

iteapectfully, etc.j S, Du Pont, 

Rmr-Admirid, 

Conmiodore T. Turneb, 

U, S* Irmm'deSy off Ohtrhstfrn. 



Repf^H of Commmtd-er Amm^n^ 17. S. jf^y, regwrdf/ng yimertd nffttrm 
of hiS amtimmd hi Nurth Ediifilo Rwe/\ Scntth OmdaitK 

Ironctjld Patapsco, 
iW/A Edi^ik^, S\ a. May 7, 186S. 
Sir: Nothing of interest has tran^pin^d sin(M> the departure of the 
Pamiic on the ^V*th idtiino. 

The coal brij^ (j^'Hi^ml Boyd wii^ discharged on the *^l'>th and bal- 
la»^ted, m directed* 

The tug Daffodil came in on the 3d, bringing our niail^, and left 
two hours after for Charleistoii, 1 delivered the order to Conuminder 
Iteaumont, and he has Uiken conunand of the Xtmf ticket. 

The Para warf not able to leave the harbor from head winds, calm.s, 
and unfavorable tide*s until the morning of the 5th- 

The coal schooner GovtTitor Burtoti rcacheil here on the morning 
of the <ith, I Ijegan at on(*e to disdiarge her. The different ve.ssels 
will take all hut alH>ut 1<K> tons. If no vewsel i.s sent from Charleston 
or elsewhere to coal, I would Ik* pleased to receivi* instructions w*hether 
1 shall land it on the Ijeach, as her la}' days will expire on the l:^th. 

Sand, mixed with coal, makes a flux very destructive to grate bars, 
and it is not unlikely that if landed the sutler, or other schoonei^j*, 
would steal an nuu-h as they wished. 

The Seneca was dispatched, as directed, immediately nn the receipt 
of your order by the Oleander on the afternofni at the (Jth* 

tiiHitenant-Coinmandei' Newnmii proceeds under orders t** report to 
you in person by j)crmisMion given ine^ two mechanics who have been 
engaged on lK>ard of the A^amifit accompanying him* 
I have the honor, etc,, 

D. Ammen, 

Chmmmidmg and Seriwr Offrrr Prmmt, 

Rear-Admiral S* F, Du Pont, 

Omummiding South Atlantle Blockading S<juadron* 



180 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 

Order of Rear- Admiral Du Pont^ U, S, Ncwy^ to Commander Werden, 
IJ. jS. Naiyy^ in view of proposed tHp to MurrdVH Iril^t^ South 
Carolina, 

FiAGsrap Wabash, 
Port R(yyal Ilarhn^ S. C, May 8, 1863. 
Sir: 1 have directed Commodore Turner to send a vessel to relieve 
you while you go into MurreU's Inlet as you propose. 

You can send up the gunboat there, or go in the Conemaugh^ as 3'ou 
may deem best. 

Respectfully, et<i., 

S. F. Du Pont, 

Rear- Admiral. 

Commander Reed We^den, 

U. S. S. Coiwmaugh^ GeorgeUnon. 



Order of Rear- Admiral Du Pmit. IL S. Namj^ to Acting Master 
Furber^ U. S. Navy., coimnanding U. S. mhooner Para. 

Flagship Wabash, 
Port Royal Harbor, S. C, May 8, 1803. 
Sir: You will proceed with the schooner Para under your command 
off Charleston and report for blockading duty to Commodore Turner, 
senior officer present. 

Respectfully, etc., 

S. F. Du'Pont, 

Rear-Ad/fniral. 

Acting Master E. G. Furber, 

IL S. Schooner Para. 



Report of Captain Green, U. S. Navy, commanding U. S. S. Canan- 
daigua, regarding tlw capture of tlie Hteamar Clierokee., off CharleHUm, 
S. a, May 8, 1803. 

U. S. Steam Sloop Canandaiqua, 
Off Charleston, S. C, May 8, 1803. 

Sir: I have the honor to report that the steamer Clterokee, of Charles- 
ton, S. C, was captured bv this vessel last night, about 35 miles S. S. W. 
from Charleston liar, under the following circumstances: 

About 11 o'clock p. m. the steamer rlag, stationed about 1 mile 
distant from this ship to the westward, and off Lawford Channel, fired 
several guns and made the customary signals for a vessel running the 
blockade, outward bound. Soon after a steamer was discovered from 
this ship standing seaward, whereupon the cable was slipped and pur- 
suit made and continued after her until half past 2 o'cIock this morn- 
ing, when, l>eing within short range, a shot was fired at her and she 
innnediately hove to. An officer was dispatithed to board her and 
ascertain her character, who repoiled that no papers of anv descrip- 
tion, excepting newspapers, were found on l)oard of her. Her cargo 
consisted of cotton, and, as represented by the captain and other 
persons on l>oard of her, amounted to al>out 450 bales. 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 181 



Her officers were G. F. Trescott, master; A. McLeod, fii-st officer; 
Thomas Chaplin, second officer; J. L. Buntcn, William McNaughton, 
VV. Wellington, and John Cowan, engineers. Her crew consisted of 
10 firemen and coal heavers and 15 deck hands, stewards, etc. There 
were 6 ipassengei*s on boai*d, viz, John Wallace, D. J. Paul, Frederick 
Sala8, Thomas Daniels, John Glass, and Samuel Bostock. 

No public ship or vessels were in sight at the time of the capture. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

.1. F. Green, ' 

Captam, 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

SecrttaryoftlieNavy^ Waaldngimu D. CI 

[Endorsement.] 

Boston, May 19, 1S63. 
Sib: The prize steamer Clierokee arrived at this port the night of 
the 18th. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

Saml. Hall, 

. Acting Master, Charge Prize Steamer Cherokee. 



Report of Rear- Admiral Du Pont^ U. S. Navy, giving additional 
information connected loith tlw capture of the Hteanu-r Ch^'okee, May 

No. 227.] Flagship Wabash, 

Port Royal lTarJtxn\ S. C, May 11, 1863. 

Sib: I have the honor to report the capture of the steamer C/ierokee^ 
formerly the English steamer ThiMe., by the U. S. S. Canandaigua, 
on the morning of the 8th instant, attempting to run out of Charles- 
ton loaded with cotton. 

Captain Green has already reported to you in detail the circum- 
stances of her capture. The steamer being in want of coal was sent to 
Port Roval, and by the general order of the Depailment 1 have dis- 
patched ner to Boston in charge of Acting Master Sanmel Hall, of the 
Canandaigua.^ with a crew from seveml of the vessels of the scjuadron 
whose times are out, or nearly so. 

The captain, G. F. Trescott, and the iSrst mate, A. McLeod, go in 
the prize. The former being a South Carolinian, I would suggest to 
Uie Department [that he] should be looked to. 

The difficulty of furnishing men for the engine department of prizes 
induced me in this case, as in others, to pay such of the crew of the 
steamer as were willing to work. 

May I ask the Department to authorize Commodore Montgomery, 
to whom I have written on the subject, to pay these persons from tbe 
8th of May until the arrival of the prize in Boston. Their names and 
rates of pay are as follows: 



John Houston 

Thomas Shedden . 

Daniel Gain 

John Kay. 

William Thomson 
Mifthaft] McGoire. 



Per diem. 
$3.00 
3.00 
. . 2. 50 
. . 2. 50 
.. 2.50 
. . 2. 50 



Michael Hamilton 

Jame8 Dowe 

Edwanl Morgan . . 
Michael ( 'askeln . . 
John I^ini 



Per diem. 

$2.00 
. . 2. 00 

2.00 
. . 2. 00 

2.00 



182 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 

The rest of the ci-ew, seamen, have been temporarily transferred to 

the Vermmt, 

Several passengers, mostly foreign, were taken on board and will be 
sent north with the crew by the iSrst opportunity. 

No papers were found on board, but there is no doubt that she was 
a Confeaerate vessel. 

Captain Green has, 1 presume, forwarded a list of the officers and 
erew of the Canandaiqua. 

Verv respeetfullv, vour obedient servant, 

" ' S. F. Du Pont, 

Rear-Admiral^ Oorndg, South Atl^intic Bl^xkading Sqmdnm. 

lion. Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of tlie N a tyy^ WaMngton^ 1). O. 



Cajytiire of the Hchooiier Amdla In/ the U. S. S. Flag^ May 8^ and Iter 
loss at sea^ May 15^ 186S. 

Report of Flag-Offlcer Bn Pont, U. S. Navy, transmitting report of Commmader Stroaf , 

U. S. Navy. 

No. 229.] Flagship Warash, 

Port Itoyal Ilarlxn^ S. May 11, 1863. 
Sir: I have the honor to enclose (marked No. I) the report of Com- 
mander J. H. Strong of the capture by the rlag of the schooner 
Amelia, of and from Charleston, on the night of the 8th instant, laden 
with cotton. 

She was towed to this port and I now send her to Philadelphia in 
charge of Acting Master s " Mate C. S. Lawrence, of the Fl<ig, and 
four men whose times will soon expire. The master of the prize is 
sent north in the schooner. No papers were found on boaixl. 

Enclosed (marked No. 2) is a prize list of the officers and crew of 
the U. S. S. Fliig. 

Verv respectfull3\ vour obedient servant, 

S. F. Du Pont, 
Rear'Adniiraly Comdg. South Atlufitic lihckading Squadron. 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of the Nauy, Washiiujton, I). C. 



Beport of Commander Strong, U. S. Navy, commanding 17. S. 8. Flag. 

U. S. S. Flag, 

Off Cimrleston, S. C, May 5, 1863. 
Sik: I have the honor to report to you the capture of the schooner 
Aitulla^ of and from Charleston, S. C., under the following circum- 
stances: 

At 11 o'clo<^k last night heard several guns in the direction of the 
steamer JS^ew Ironsides, and saw a rocket. At 11:80 we discovered a 
vessel coming out of Charleston; fired several shots at her, when her 
sails were lowered, a light shown, and the vessel brought to anchor. 

I sent an armed boat in charge of Acting Master G. W. Frost to 
l)oard her. Soon after sent the second armed l>oat to assist the first. 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 188 

The vessel proved to be the schooner Am^lia^ of Charleston, S. C. , 
bound to Nassau, New Providence, with a cargo of cotton. 

At the time of the capture the U. S. steamers Camtndaiguu and 
Wavvmtta were in sight from this ship. Enclosed please find prize 
list. 

1 am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

J. H. Strong, 

C<nn7nun(le7\ 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secretary o f the Navy. 



■•port of Soar-Admiral Bn Pont, U. S. Navy, transmittiiig report of the prise maiter of 
the lehoonor AiaeUa, regarding the loss of that veMol. 

No. 318.] Flagship Wabash, 

Part Royal Harbor, aS\ (\, June 18, 1863. 
Sib: In a previous dispatch (No. 229) I reported to the Department 
the capture of the prize schooner Amelia bv the U. S. S. Flag, and 
that I nad ordered him to Philadelphia under cliargc of Acting Master's 
Mate C. S. Lawrence, of the Flag. 

That oflBcer has since returned and has sent me the enclosed com- 
munication (marked No. 1), repoiling the loss of the schooner Amelia 
off Cape Hatteius in a gale. He left her in a sinking condition with 
his men, and was taken on board the British schooner llalitia. 
Very i-espectfully, your obedient servant, 

S. F. Du Pont, 
Rear- Admiral^ Camdg. South Atla?itic Jilockadhig Squadron. 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of the Navy, Washhigton, 1). C. 



Beport of Aeting Haster's Kate Lawrence, 17. 8. Navy, prise maiter. 

U. S. S. Flag, 
Of Charleston, S. C, June 10, 1863. 

Sir: 1 have the honor to repoil to you my return to the U. S. S. 
Flag, and to inform you of the loss of the prize schooner Amelia 
under the following circumstances: 

In obedience to your orders I took command of the prize schooner 
Amelia and left Port Roj'al Harbor, S. C, on the afternoon of the 
12th of Ma3% 18G3, in tow of the prize steamer Cherokee. 

On the morning of the 14th, at 11 a. m., when off Wijmington, 
N. C, the Cherokee was hove to by a U. S. gunboat, which vessel 
would not allow the Cherokee to move, in consequence of which tlie 
.schooner's hawsers got foul of the Cherohie^ propeller, and there 
being at the time a heavy swell on from S. W. the Cherohe drifted 
onto the schooner. I at once made sail on the schooner and stood off 
N. E. At 2 p. m. on that afternoon the Cherokee took the schooner in 
tow again. On the night of the 14th, at 11 p. ni., v^hoii off Ca])e 
Hatteras, during a heavy squall of wind and rain from W. N. W., 
the hawser parted close to the steamer. I hailed the Cherokee and 



184 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



asked the captain to lay b}' until niorning, but received no answer, and 
the Cherohee kept on her way. At midnight the wind hauled to the 
N. and blowing a heavy gale. 1 laid the schooner to that night and 
close-reefed foresail. On the morning of the 15th the schooner com- 
menced leaking badl^ around her cutwater from injuries received in 
consequence of coming in contact with the Cherolte the day previoui*. 
At 4 p. m. on the afternoon of the 15th, in conseauence of the leak 

r lining rapidly on us and the seams opening alon^ tne schooner's side, 
stooa off and spoke the British schooner Halitm^ of St. John, New 
Brunswick, bound from Porto [Puerto] Rico to Philadeli)hia, Captain 
O. D. Bavie, whom I asked to lay by until morning, to which he kindly 
consented. At (> p. m. the pumps gave out and tne vessel was water- 
logging fast. 1 made signal of distress and the Ilalitia lx)re down to 
us, and I abandoned the Amelia after setting her on fire. 

I am, sir, very respectfully, your most obedient servant. 

Christian S. Lawrence, 

Acti7ig Manter'^H Mate, 

Rear-Admiml S. F. Du Pont, 

Co7nmand!n(j South Atlantk Blockadhug Sijua^ron. 



Report of Acting Master Hall, U. S. Navy, prise master of the steamer Cherokee, regard- 
ing assistance rendered to the schooner Amelia. 

Navy- Yard, Bmton^ Mass.^ May 20^ 1863. 
Sir: On leaving Port Royal in charge of the prize steamer C/ufrokee 
I received orders from Rear-Admiml fin Pont to take in tow the prize 
schooner Ain^^lia as far north as Delaware Breakwater. On the morn- 
ing of the 13th instant the U. S. gunboat Sunlight ran down and ordered 
me to heuve to while her boat came on toard. While thus engaged 
both hawsers got foul of the propeller, and in order to Ih5 cleared it 
was necessary to cut them, leaving mo l)ut one hawser on board, with 
which I continued to tow the Amelia. 

At 10:30 p. m. on the night of the 14th, latitude 35^ 05', longitude 
74' 35', Ijeing very sexually, the hawser parted. I immediatel}' slowed 
down and set a light, but owing to the intense darkness, and she dis- 
playing no light, I failed to make her out. 

I maneuvered around the place until 2 a. m., 15th; it was then blow- 
ing very hard from the north. I kept her head to wind until daylight, 
but could see nothing of the Amelia. 

I would also state that the Ch^^rolcee could only make from 4 to 6 
knots per hour from the use of the only kind of coal now on board, 
and deemed it imprudent to remain longer on my way to l^ton. 
I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

Samukl Hall, 
Acting Mai<te)\ Clumje Prize Steamer Cherokee. 
Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of the Navy^ WaMngton^ J). C\ 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 185 

Order of Rear-Admiral Du Pont^ JJ. S. iVaw, to Camviande?' Ahny^ 
U. S. Navy^ commanding IL S. S, South Carolina, 

Flagship Wabash, 
Port Royal Harbm^, S\ May 10, 1803. 
Sir: You will proceed with the South Carolina under your com- 
mand off Charleston and report for blockading duty to Commodore 
Turner, senior officer present. 
Respectfully, etc., 

S. F. Du Pont, 

Pear-Admiral. 

Conunander J. J. Albtt, 

U. S. S. South Carolina. 



Report of Flag-officer Du Pont^ U. S. Nam/^ of arrival of the U. S. S. 
l^larnbeau^ at Port Royal^ S. C. 

No. 224.] Flagship Wabash, 

Port Rot^al Harhor, S. C, May 11, 1863. 
Sir: I have the honor to report to the Department the arrival here 
yesterday, the 10th instant, of the U. S. S. l^lawheau^ Lieutenant- 
Commander J. H. Upshur. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

S. F. Du PONT, 
Rear- Admiral, Comdg. South Atlantic Blockading Stpiadron. 
Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of tlie Natry^ Washington^ D. C. 



Order of Rear- Admiral Du Pont; U. S. Na^., to the commanding 
officer of the U. S. S. Flamheau, to jrroceed to the hloclcade of Mur- 
rdV% £det^ South Carolina. 

Flagship Wabash, 
Port Royal Harbor, S. C, May 11, 1863. 
Sir: You will proceed with the Mamheau under your command to 
MurrelPn Inlet, South Carolina, and establish a blockade off that 
entrance, I'equesting, in mv name, the commanding officer of any ves- 
sel of the squadron now there to resume his former station, showing 
these orders. 

Respectfully, etc., 

S. F. Du Pont, 

Rear- Admiral. 

Lieutenant-Commander J. H. Upshur, 

U. S. S. FUmtbeau. 



186 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING 8QUADB0N. 

Repi/i't of Cot)tviand<fr Balch^ U. S. Navy^ regarding condition of 
affairs 171 Stono Irilet^ Sotit/i Cajvlina. 

U. S. Steam Sloop Pawnee, 
Stono Inlet^ South Carolina^ May 11^ 186S. 
Sir: I have the honor to report all very quiet in Stono. 
From present indications 1 have every reason to believe that the 
enemy, except in small force, has been withdmwn from this vicinity. 
Very respectfully, your obedient seiTant, 

Geo. B. Balch, 
Coimnander and Senior Officer Present. 
Rear-Admiml S. F. Du Pont, 

Comdg, South Atlantic Iilocka<lm<j Squadron^ Port Royal^ S. C. 



Report (f Conrmandrr Le Roy^ U. S. Navy ^regard i^ig tha rumored 
presence of Confedt^rates on Cuvd>erlana Inland^ Get^rgia, 

U. S. S. Keystone State, 

St. Simon^H^ Ga.^ May 11^ 1863. 
Sir: Ii: a note received this morning from Captain [Nicholas] Kirby, 
of the Mi^hiujht^ he informs me that he has received an intimation of 
the presence of the rebels on Cumberland Island, a major and some 
twelve men having been at the house of a Mr. Stockwell, and that 
others were said to l>e elsewhere on the island last week. He thinks 
their object was a trap to catch himself or some of his officers and 
men m the event of their landing there. The rebels seem to have 
increased in boldness in this direction. I have written to Captain 
Kirby to do his best to take care of his ship, and that he shoula not 
permit any wandering about on the part of his command. Captain 
Kirby suggests that a small steamer that escaped last year when our 
forces entered these waters and went up above Brunswick, on the 
Saltillo [Satilla] River, might possibly Ije fitted (to use his own lan- 
guage) ^''a hi Galveston, and coming down to operate with the men 
now on Cumberland Island." Captain Kirby sends me word that a 
report from the mainland states a heavy battle neai: Richmond and that 
our forces had been badly defeated. 

I am, sir, verv respectfully, your obedient servant, 

Wm. E. Le Roy, 

Coimnander. 

Rear- Admiral S. F. Du Pont, U. S. Navy, 

Com}handlng South Atlantic Blockading Squadron. 



Re]>ort of Acting Madder Pimnrll^ LI, S, Navy^ regarding the nuy&e- 
incnti< of 11 i<uf<pici<nui ateanicr off Charhston^ S, O.^ May 11^ 1863. 

U. S. Bark Ethan Allen, 
Ronton Navy Yard^ May 18^ 1863. 
Sir: I have the honor to report that at 0: 1^0 p. m., on the afternoon 
of May 11, ISGH, when off Charleston Bar, bearing N. W., about 70 
miles, a long, low, sid*»-wheel st(»amer, painted lead color, with one 
mast, hove in sight on our starboard Immiui, steering N. W., directly 
for us. l^at to (juartei's. When alM)ut 3 miles off, she changed her 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



187 



course to go across our stern. Tacked ship to the southward, and, 
when alK>ut 2i milcH distant to windward, fired a rifle shot across her 
bow. She paid no attention and showed no colors. Fired eight shot 
at her from rifle gun, but the distance being: so greiit we were unable 
to hit her. Ah soon as she was out of reacn of our guns, she shaped 
her coui-se N. W. 

I am, respectfully, your obedient servant, 

LA. Pennell, 
Acting Mtwtrr. Commandmg, 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of tlie Navy. 



Letter frtmi Mr. Harrtngtaji to Rear- Admiral Du Pont^ U, S, Navy^ 
offering his services as a diver for operatitms in Charleston IIarlK>r. 

Steamer Dirigo, May 11^ 1S6S. 

Sir: I am aware that many plans have been suggested for overcom- 
ing the obstructions in Charleston Harbor, and that probably you may 
lack confidence in any new one. Still, I am anxious to present to you 
one of my own, whicn I have entire confidence in, which I trust you 
would consider entitled to careful consideration, if I should succeed in 
conveying my ideas plainly. 

I have Dad twelve years' experience as a diver, have had enough to 
do in that line to render me faimiliar with all underwater operations. 
I raised the American Express safe from the wreck of the steamer 
Atlantic^ in Lake Erie, at a depth of 170 feet of water, and have suc- 
ceeded in several other undertakings of the kind which had lieen 
abandoned and declared impi-acticablc by others. Among my expe- 
riences was one with a submerged small propeller, driven by hand 
power, capable of being supplied with air by means independent of all 
outside help. With it I can make li miles per hour at a depth of 80 
feet or less, and could conduct operations outside of it at any given 
depth with success. From m}- former experience with that craft, and 
my acquaintance with the whole subject, 1 am satisfied that 1 can con- 
struct a small propeller with which, aided by from four to five men, I 
can, without help from others and without l>eing observed by the 
enemy, follow the channel at Charleston, cut the wires of torpedoes, 
cut any cables, or network, or chains, saw oft any piling, or overcome 
any other impediments likely to be met with. \Vhile doing so, a tele- 
graphic operation may be kept up with an}^ monitor that may be 
detailed for that purpose and lying at a distance, so that my own move- 
ments can be regulated or made known at any time. 

I am aware that it looks like a hazardous and doubtful undertaking, 
yet, after nuich experience, I have such faith in it that I should be 
very glad to lav the details l)cfore you and leave it for your consider- 
ation; some di&culties that would at first strike an outsider as insup- 
erable, I am confident can be overcome. 

Having so much faith in it, I would respectfully ask of you the 
favor to grant me a personal interview and allow me to detail my plans. 
Very respectiully, your obedient servant, 

E. P. IIarkinoton. 

Rear- Admiral S. F. Du Pont, 

Commanding JSmUh Atlantic Blockading Sfjuadnm, 



188 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



Lettet' from the Secretary of the Navy to Rear- Admiral Du Pont^ IT. S. 
Na/i>y^ regarding the TJ. S, S. BietiviUe. 

Navy Department, May 12^ 1863. 
Sir: In answer to your request in your No. 220 for the Bienville to 
be again ordered to your squadron, you are informed that that steamer 
is at present attached to the West Gulf Blockading Squadron and 
doing duty there. 

Very respectfully, etc., Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of the Navy. 

Rear-Admiral Saml. F. Du Pont, 

Coindg. South Atlantic Blockading Squadron^ Port Royal^ S. C. 



Report of Rear- Admiral Du Pont^ U. S. Navy^ regarding the condi- 
tion of the blockade off Charleston^ S. C. 

No. 237.] Flagship Wabash, 

' Piyrt Royal Ilarhcrr, S. May 12, 1863. 

Sir: I have the honor to enclose (marked No. 1) a survey on the 
engines and boilers of the U. S. gunboat Seneca. 

By the report of the board it wfll be necessary to replace all the tubes 
in the starboard boiler, which can not be executed here with the means 
at our command, and I have therefore ordered her to Philadelphia for 
this purpose. 

May 1 ask the Department to give such orders as will hasten these 
repairs, as the Seiwca is nmch needed on the blockade. 

Two other steamers, the Flag and Potomska, are now in harbor in 
a measure disabled, and 1 am much pressed for vessels, 

I deem it my duty to inform the Department that the infractions of 
the blockade off Charleston are increa^mg in consequence of an increase 
of the number of steamers engaged in violating it, of greater speed and 
less draft of water. 

1 have no reason to doubt the vigilance of the officers off that port, 
but the whole number of vessels which I am able to place there is not 
by any means sufficient to keep out the blockade runners. 

The withdrawal of the Avurim and the necessity of sending the 
Blunt north have been seriously felt, as those two vessels from their 
draft wore able to take up effective positions which the other ships 
could not assume. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

S. F. Du Pont, 
Rear-Admiral, Comdg. South Atlantic Blockading Squadron. 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of the Navy, WashingUm, D. C. 



Letter from Commander Aimnen^ V. S. Na/vy, to Captain Rodgers^ 
U. S. Navu, giving inftrrmation regarding a reported attempt to 
destroy with torpedoes the vessels blockading off Charleston, S. C. 

Ironclad Patapsoo, 
North Edisto, S. (7., May 12, 1863. 
My Dear Rodgers: This morning a deserter from the rebel Navy 
made his appearance on the marsh abreast us. On sending for him he 
informed me that he was coxswain of one of the boats of the Chicora 
and was one of six boats sent from Charleston on the 10th under 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 189 



charcfe of Lieutenant William H. Parker for the purpose of blowing 
us all up by means of a newly invented detonating torpedo. 

It appears that a long, heavy pole is used as an outrigger and the 
torpedo, sunk a given depth in tne water, is brought against a vessel 
ana kix detonating caps make the explosion almost certain. It must 
be admitted that the men pulling the boats are not wholly safe. The 
deserter says these toipedoes have been tested very successfully in 
Charleston Harbor. 

He pretends to considerable knowledge in relation to the position 
and the force of various batteries and also of vessels built and m proc- 
ess of construction. You will tind him a man of experience, ana will 
not fail to gain useful infonnation from him. He states that on the 
northeastern face of Sumter there are at least nine rifles of 10-inch cal- 
iber and of coui-se that none of them had been fired at us. 

All the way up from Sumter there are batteries on the port shore, 
or rather, I should say, Johnson, as the hard ground l>egins there. 
However, I will leave you to find out how much he knows, as my 
exammation was not at all perfect. 

He was on board of the Arkansas and also at Port Hudson when the 
£89ex passed down. Fairfax wishes you to question him pailicularly 
in relation to the destruction of the A?*kan8as. 

The news he gives is rather a relief from great apprehension of loss 
of Hooker's army than anything extremely gratifying. Dixie does 
not appear to rejoice over a victory, although our Arm}', it is said, 
has reerossed the Rappahannoi*.k. 

It is supposed Stonewall ffackson has at last been killed, or died 
from the effect of an amputated arm. Van Dorn was killed in cold 
blood bj' some chivalric Southern friend. 

I have three boats to intercept Parker after he passes them, and as 
soon as firing begins, three more. I am now at a long stay with 
steam up and win at once, on hearing a row, rush to the scene. 1 
have also a 12-pouiid howitzer from the bomb schooner, loaded with 
canister, so that I do not anticipate that we will he caught napping. 

Owing to a suggestion of the deserter, in order not to allow the 
boats to escape, 1 sent the Sebago above the mouth of Leadenhall 
[Leaden wah J Creek, where they entered. On looking afterwards at the 
chart, I saw there w&s a channel through the marsh, indeed two of them, 
through which they could pass, and therefore 1 felt it was a bad move. 
Thejr no doubt saw us take the man off of the mai-sh, and therefore no 
real injury was done. 

I had the intention on Saturdav last of going up to White Point, my 
old cruising ground, and see whether they had batteries there or at 
Bear Bluff, but owmg to various things deferred it until to-dav, and 
took up the CatsJcilT with me. The genenil and Colonel Otis went 
with me, and several officers, with your brother. I think on the 
whole that it will serve to reiissure Parker, * * * and I will not 
be surprised at his coming to-night, as he will suppose that we vill not 
suspect it. * * * 

Isend the SSago at da^^light, which will give her ample time to 
return in the afternoon, and as I consider the deserter as possessing 
valuable information, I send without delay. All of our vessels should 
know of this new detonating shell, or some of them will suffer from it. 
Very affectionately, your friend, 

Daniel Ammen. 

Commander C. R. P. Rodgers, U. S. Navy. 



t>jf Charlestm, S. (1^ May 12, ims. 
Sir: a ton t ml wind mm*> off t<j us this morning aft4*r day light 
His story is as follfJWH: He left from upposiuVCharleeton, fterosiJ th© 
Ashley Kiver, at 10 p. in, of yeMerday. He was etii^aited there with 
85 otliers Jmildiiijjf a fort Ilftd heard that Stonewall Javki^on is dead 
from wounds received in Virginia, where they were badly beaten. 
Six regiments have lately been i*ent from Charle^^ton to Virginia, and 
one regiment entirely eut up ha.s arriA^ed from Virginia, only 25 or 30 
men remaining, Afost of the inhabitants are still absent from the 
city, 

A tight at John's Island eommenced on Sunday night at 1^2 o'eloik, 
and last night (Monday) reports left them fighting again: the whit© 
people Nay uur men were forced to retreat; three regiments {2,5* K) 
men) have lM»en sent from Fort Johnson to John's Island. The bridge 
aeross Stono River or Wuppoo Creek has Ix^en destroyed, and steamers 
are uwed for tmnsjx^rtinfr troops across; this was a new bridge. Sa}'^ 
he knows 48 men were killed at Fort Sumter in the late attack; heard 
the white offieemsay so. Beside.^ the large hole in Sumter, there were 
three or four othei^s fpiite throuy^h; he has worked at Ftxrt Sumter^ 
and says it is Imdly repaired. They are at work on new fortnon Mor* 
ris Island, mounting heavy guns, but no bonilwH {he apliears t<j know 
what a bomb i^*). Th**re are several lK>mhs fmortarsj not mounb^d at 
Fort Johnson, liut few contmbands are at work on the fortificatitnts, 
they being just now most wanted on the plantations, 

A large steamer ran in Sunday night; lie thinks by a southern eliaa- 
net; it is the onW one which has arrived during the month he has been 
here. Two steamers lately i-an out on the same night. There is but 
one bloekade-rnnning steamer in the harbor now; a schooner is vmAy 
to come (iut. He knows nolhtng about the rams or the iHmtr Sm tth* 

This contraband is tntclligent, hut a little too i>ositlve in hisanswer^^. 
He came alone, and with but one oar. 

I am, resiKSctfully, your ubedieot servant 

G, PAHnoTT, 

ComuHHlore TifOMAS 'I\7RNER, 

Sen it f}* Offtrr r^ off (%trhnfmi^ S, t> 

P* He also says the relw^ls are building a Ijridge (which it will 
tnke five or wix months to complete) fronj the firm land on Jaujcs to 
near the site of the old light -house on Morris Island, across the swamps 
and t-riM'ks; that there is much si<'kiicss among the troops; that tne 
crops have Ikhmi injured by hail and generally do not promise well; he 
is from the Imrk countrv, C'hester, and also that there is no want of 
corn meab He says he hm hmrd fi^erpient expressions of dissatisfac- 
tion among the soldiers, and that they Avish the Yankees? would come 
and take the Stata. 



SOVTB ATLAimO BLOOKADUTa BQUADROM-. 191 



Report of Bear-Admiml Ihi Pmit^ U. Na^vy^ tmmmnitttn<^ report 
of Commander Werd^n^ V. S* Ifavt/^ regarddnff i&mbardmejti at 
MirrelPs Inlei^ South Carolina, May 18€S. 

No. 375.] Flagship Wabash, 

Port Royal Harbor, &\ Juns 1863. 

Sir: I have the honor to acknowledge the Department's dispatch of 
May 15, calUng my attention to MurrelPH Inlet 

I had previously received, through the politeness of Captain Boggs, 
Lieutenant-Commander Braine's letter to him, but prior to this Com- 
mander Reed Werden, of the Con^mavgk, then stationed at George- 
town, eommunieated to me information in relation txi the running 
of the blockade at that place^ which he had obtained from contra- 
bands, and asking permission to proceed to Murrell-s^ Inlet with the 
ConefHavfjh. 

Immediately on receiring this letter, I sent the Paul Jones to relieve 
him temporarily at Georgetown. Commander Wcrden arrived with 
the (htietfiato/h on the 10th of May, w^hen ho found the Mroiticello^ 
and, in conjunction with her, on the'lSth instant, .^tood in to the ahore 
within *3,000 yards and succeeded in destroying 100 bales of cotton, 
setting on lire one schooner and injuring tfie others. A copy of his 
report is enclosed {marked No. 1), 

As soon as the Flmnheau arrived here from Hampton Roads, which 
was on the 10th ultimo, I dispatched her to Murrelrs Inlet for block- 
ading duty, where she is now stationed. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

S. F. Du Pont, 

Rmr- Admiral^ Comdg* South AtJantic Bloekadmy Squadron. 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secretary oftfte Mavy^ Washingt^yn^ C* 

[Enclosure.] 

IL S* S, Conemaugh, 
Off Murrel^^ Met, May if, mS. 
l l have the honor to report to you that upon receipt of your 
of the sth instjint, by the I\ml Jmu% I left Winyah Bay on the 
loth iiistant for thi^ place. Upon my arrival here, the same day, I 
found the place blockaded by Lieutenant-Commander Braine, in the 
Monticdlo, He informed me of having organized an expedition with 
l>oats on the 2Tth April and succeeded in destroying a large schooner 
loaded with a valuable cargo and burned two large housei^, supposed 
to be used for storing cotton. He i-eportj^ also the place to have been 
severely lx>iubarded all day on the M instant by the United States 
steamers Mojificelto v^nd Choeura, since when the enemy have increased 
their force, having now artillery, cavalry, and infantry. The inlet 
being too narrow for the Conmmuyh to enter with safety and to 
attempt to destroy the remaining vessels and property that may still 
be there with Ijoals not pmcticatne, I decided not to attempt it other 
than by bombardment. At 12 m* U^-day,, in company with the Monti- 
cdlo, 1 stocjd close in to shore, within 2,000 yards of tive schooners 
aground in the inlet, where I anchored and opened fire upon them. 
It affords me pleasure to state that so accurate w^as our tiring that in 
leas than an hour we had lired about 100 bales of cotton on tue h*?^'^!^ 
neiir the schooners, set one schooner on fire, moT:^ w 
all the others in spars and hull. 

N W Ji—VOL 14 13 



192 80UTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 

1 fired about two and a half hours and expended 105 rounds of 
ammunition. 

The tide not serving to cross the bar at Georgetown before to-mor- 
row, I shall remain here to-night. 
I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

R Werden, 

Commander. 

Rear- Admiral S. F. Du Pont, 

Commai\d-mg South Atlantic Blockadin^i Squadron. 



Order of Captain Steexlman^ U. S. Navy^ prohibiting lying down on 
deck during night watches. 

U. S. S. Powhatan, 

Off Charlest<m, May 13, 1863. 

It is ordered that from this date the men shall not be permitted to 
lie down on deck during the night watches. 

The noncommissionea officers of marines on duty will make the 
rounds every half hour and report any whom they may find lying 
down. 

This order will be read by the executive officer to the crew at 
quarters for inspection. 

Charles Steedman, 

Captain. 



Report of Rear- Admiral Dxi Pont, U. S. Navy, regarding the capture 
of the British schooner Wotidef*, of Pm't Royal, S. C, May 13, 1863 ^ 
and transmittiyig additional repon't. 

No. 245.] Flagship Wabash, 

Port Royal Ilarhor, S. C, May 15, 1863. 

Sir: I have the honor to report the capture of the British schooner 
Wonder on the morning of the 13th instant, off this port, under the 
following circumstances: 

Information was received during the night by a boat from the light- 
ship stationed at the entrance of this harbor that a topsail schooner, 
clanning to be from London, a few hours before had approached and 
hailed the keeper of the light-ship and asked if he coula furnish him 
with a Savannah pilot. 

I ordered mv flag-lieutenant, S. W. Preston, to take with him ten 
men from the )Vahash, to proceed on board the U. S. S. Daffodil, and 
go in chase. 

Ho started at 3 a. m., and having ascertained at the light-ship the 
direction in which the suspicious vessel had been last seen, stood to 
the eastward, and at G a. m. came up with and boarded the schooner 
Wondt>r, 10 miles E. N. E. from Port Royal entrance. When first dis- 
covered from the Daffodil, the schooner was standing offshore to the 
southward and eastward, with the wind free, and contmued to steer in 
that direction with all sail set until overhauled. 

Her papers seem to be regular. She cle^ired from London for 
Nassau with a cargo of salt, but, as appears from the log book, never 
stopped there. 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 193 



The master told Lieutenant Preston that he was then bound for 
Charleston, and would have been in Savannah three days before had it 
not been for adverse winds. 

I have ordered the Wonder to the port of Philadelphia for adjudica- 
tion under charge of Acting Masters Mate J. C. Wentworth, of the 
Daffodil. The master of the schooner and one of the crew go in the 
prize. The rest of the crew have been sent north in the U. S. store- 
ship Courier^ which sailed this morning for New York. 1 forward 
herewith (marked No. 1) Lieutenant Preston's report. 

Enclosed is a prize list of the officers and crew of the U. S. S. Daf- 
fodil and also a prize list of the officers and crew of the U. S. S. 
Wabash (marked Nos. 2 and 3). 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

S. F. Du Pont, 
ReaT'Admiral^ Comdg. South Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of the Jsamf^ Washington^ D. C. 



[Enclosure.] 

Flagship Wabash, 
Port Royal Harbor, S. May 13, 1863. 
Sir: I have the honor to rejjort the following circumstances attend- 
ing the capture of the British schooner Wc/nder, E. W. Powell, 
master: 

At 3 a. m. to-day, in obedience to your orders, 1 left Port Royal, 
with ten men from the WoAash, on board the U. S. S. Daffodil, Acting 
Mastei E. M. Baldwin, commanding, in consequence of information 
received two hours previous that anl^nglish topsail schooner had yes- 
terday evening asked at the light-ship off this port for a Savannah 
pilot 

From Captain Lawrence, of the light-ship) Relief I learned that the 
suspected vessel had disappeared about midnight, standing to the north- 
ward and eastward. 1 then stood out to the eastward and at 6 a. m. 
came up with and boarded an English topsail schooner in 8^ fathoms 
water, about 10 miles E. N. E. from Port Royal entrance. She proved 
to be the Wonder, with regular papers, her clearance being from Lon- 
don to Nassau, New Providence, with a cargo of salt. Her real cargo 
is, so far as I have been able to ascertain, as represented in her bills of 
lading, salt in bags. 

When first discovered from the Daffodil, the Wonder was standing 
offshore to the southward and eastward, with the wind free, and con- 
tinued to steer in that direction with all sail set until overhauled. 

The master of the Wonder informed me that he was bound to Charles- 
ton, and boasted that had he not been opposed by adverse winds he 
would have been in Savannah three days ago. He is evidently a novice 
on this coast. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

S. W. Preston, 
Fhg'Lieutenan t. 

Eear-Admiral S. F. Du Pont, 

Comdg. South Atla/ntic Blockading Squadron , Port Royal, S, C. 



194 SOUTH ATLAOTIO BLOCKADING 8QUADB0N. 

Order of Rear- Admiral Du Pord^ U. S. Navy^U> Actmg Master Cremf^ 
U. S. Namf^ commandirvg U. S. ship Courier. 

Flagship Wabash, 
Fort Royal Harlxyr, S. C, May 186S. 
Sir: You will please proceed with the U. S. storeship Covrier to 
New York and report in person to Rear-Admiral H. Paulding, com- 
mandant of the yard, and through him by letter to the honorable Sec- 
retary of the Navy. 

Respectfully, your obedient servant, 

S. F. Du Pont, 
Rear- Admiral^ Comdg. Smith Atlantic Blockading Sqitadron. 

Acting-Master W. K. Cressy, 

Commanding U. S. Ship Courier^ Port Royal. 



Letter from the Secretary of the Namy to Rear- Admiral I^u Pont^ 
U. S. Navy^ giving infoTirmtioii regarding MurreWs Inlet^ South 
Carolina. 

Navy Department, May 15^ 1863. 
Sir: The Department would call your attention to Murrell's Inlet, 
South Carolina. Although within the limits of your conmiand, Lieu- 
tenant-Commander Braine, of the U. S. S. Monticello^ Acting Rear- 
Admiral Lee's squadron, has recently made a reconnoissance there. 
With a boat expedition he destroyed a schooner loaded with a valuable 
cargo of flour, brandy, sugar, and coffee. There were other vessels 
there, but owing to mud and marsh it was thought impracticable to get 
at them; it was also stated by a contraband there was a cavalry and 
infantry force of some 200 men near. The following is an extract from 
Lieutenant-Commander Braine's report: 

I have no doubt, from information I have received from contrabands, that there is 
a grand depot of cotton. He says the trade has been brisk since last ChristmaSi 
averaging nve to seven vessels a week, in and out. TRe cai^go out is exclusively cot- 
ton, and they have never met with any interruption until t^nlay. Vessels are now 
expected here daily with large supplies of clothing and stores of every kind. I think 
it IS important that this point should be closely watched. 

It was stated by a contraband that upward of 2,000 bales of cotton 
were stowed in tne woods a short distance beyond where Lieutenant- 
Conunander Braine advanced. 

Commander Scott still later sent a boat expedition to the same local- 
ity, which, however, was fired upon, and one man was killed and another 
wounded. He thinks it impracticable to destroy the vessels with boats. 

The above is conmiunicated for your information. Although small 
expeditions may not be advisable, tne traders running in and out of tbe 
inlet should be intercepted. 
Tery respectfully, etc., 

Gideon Welles, 

Secretary Nmy. 

Rear- Admiral S. F. Du Pont, 

Part Royal, S. C. 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 195 

Report of Rear-Admiral Du Pont^ U. S. Ndvy^ regarding the ddypod- 
turn of vessels of his commmid. 

No. 244.] Flagship Wabash, 

Pcrrt Royal Ilarhar, S. May 15, 1^63. 

Sib: I have the honor to report the following positions on blockade 
of the vessels of this squadron: 

Oflf Murreirs Inlet, U. S. S. FUmbeau. 

At Georgetown, U. S. S. Conemauyh, 

Oflf Bull's Bay, U. S. S. Lodoiia. 

Off Charleston, U. S. steamers New Ironsides^ Canandaimiu, Ilousa- 
tonic^ Powhatdn^ South Carolina^ A ugusta, Paxil Jones, ituron , Una- 
dilla, Marhlehead, Wa/msutta, Stetti7i; mortar schooner Para, and tug 
Danddion. 

In Stono Inlet, U. S. steamers Pavmee and Commodore McDorumgh, 
and mortar schooner C. P. WUUams. 

In North Eklisto, U. S. ironclads Patapsco, Nahant, CatshiU, Nan- 
tucket, MoiUauk; steamer Seinigo, and mortar schooner Norfolk Packet. 

In St. Helena, U. S. bark Kingfisher. 

In Wassaw, U. S. S. Cimarron. 

In Ossabaw, U. S. S. Damn. 

Guarding St Catherine's, Doboy, Sapelo, and St. Simon's, U. S. 
steamers Keystone Staie, Madgis; barks Brasiliera and Fernandina. 

In St. Andrew's, U. S. bark Midnight. 

At Fernandina, U. S. S. Mohawk. 

In St. John's River, U. S. steamers Norwich and Uncas. 

In Port Boyal, flagship Wabash; storeships Vernu/nt and Valparaiso; 
taking in stores and undergoing repairs, ironclad Weehawken; steamers 
Flag and E. B. Hale; tugs Oleander, Daffodil, 0. M. Pettit, Rescue, 
Celumbine. 

The U. S. schooner Hope is used as a dispatch vessel. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

S. F. Du Pont, 
Rear- Admiral, Comdg, South Atlantic Blockading Squadron. 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of the Nanyy, Washin^twi, D. C. 



Report of Rear-Admiral Du Pont, U. S. Navy, requesting instructions 
regarding deck plates for the monitors. 

No. 246.] Flagship Wabash, 

P(yrt Royal Harbor, S. C.,May 16, 1863. 

Sib: I have the honor to inform the Department that four steamers 
are here with iron plates to cover the decks of the monitors. I am 
advised that these vessels will not carry these decks at sea. 

The foreman who came to lay the plates says he was not instructed 
to cut holes over the present air scuttles, and is of the impression that 
it was not intended to be done. 

If they are closed, 1 respectfully submit that the result will be great 
suffering and much increased sickneas at this season of the year, even 
supposing that the men can live below at all. 

Will the Department please inform me what its wishes are in refer- 
ence to this matter? Chief Engineer Stimers states, in a written mem- 
orandum addressed to the fleet captain, referring to the monitors and 



196 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



these decks, " I advise you strongly to not permit them to encounter 
the sea with that extra deck." 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

S. F. Du Pont, 

Rear- Admiral,, Comdg. South Atl<intic Blockading Squad/raii. 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of tha Navy^ Washington^ D. C. 



Capture oftliedoiqy Se-cesh hy the U. S. S. Canandaigua,, May 16^ 1863. 

Beport of Bear-Admiral Du Pont, U. S. Navy, traxumitting report of Captain Green, U. 8. 
Kavy, commanding U. 8. 8. Canandaiffna. 

No. 265.] Flagship Wabash, 

Fort Royal Ilarlor, S. May 26, 1863. 

Sir: I forward herewith (marked No. 1) a report of the capture, on 
the l5th instant, at 10 o'clock p. m., of the Confederate sloop Secesh, 
of Charleston, by the U. S. S. CanandaigxLa, Captain J. F. Green. 

The sloop was sent to Port Royal and I ordered a board to 8ur\'ey 
her and report on the f easibilitj' of sending her nortii. The vessel was 
condemnea (see enclosed report, marked No. 2) and her cargo, consist- 
ing of 85 bales of cotton, 2 broken bales, 1 barrel of pitch, and 1 keg 
of tobacco, all more or less damaged, has been transshipped to the 
schooner W. F. Garrison, bound to Philadelphia, in charge of Acting 
Master's Mate C. D. Bordman, of the Powhatan. 

Enclosed is a bill of ladine (marked No. 3) for the cargoes of the 
prize sloops C. Boittereau and Secesh^ freight payable thereon by the 
navy agent at Philadelphia. May I ask the Department to direct him 
to pay the same? 

The master and crew, with the three passengers, were sent north in 
the Massachusetts, with directions, however, to detain as witnesses the 
captain, Henry Mooney, and Stewart Greer, one of the crew. 

I refer the Department to Captain Green's report, in which he speaks 
of the papers found on board. 
I have forwarded by this mail prize lists of the PoiohatantxnA Stettin. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

S. F. Du Pont, 
Rear-Adniiral, Comdg. South Atlantic Blockading Squadron. 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of the Namy, Washington, D. C. 

[Enclosure.] 

U. S. Steam Sloop Canandaigua, 
Off CharUnUm , S. C, May 16, 1863. 
Sir: I have the honor to state to the Department that the Confed- 
erate sloop Secesh, of Charleston, was captured last night at 10 o'clock 
p. m. by this ship in the act of passing outward through the blockade 
of this port. 

The Canandaigua was stationed at anchor in the vicinity of the 
entrance to Lawford Channel. At 9:45 p. m. a sail was discovered to 
the northward and eastward, standing to the southward. A gun was 
fired at and a short chase made after her, when she hove to, and on 
being boarded a cargo consisting of S6 bales of cotton and a complete 
set of Confederate papers were found on l>oard. 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



197 



She had on board a captain, a crew of four men, and three passengers, 
named as follows: Henry Mooney (captain), Stewart Greer, William 
Jones. Dennis Lyons, and Frederick Miller, crew; William Foster, 
Josepn Silvey, and H. B. Kohde, passengers. 

Besides the ship's papers, there were also found on board of her 
seventeen sealed private letters, all of which have been sent to Rear- 
Admiral Du Pont, to be forwarded to the judge of the district to which 
she or her cargo may be sent for adjudication. 

Two of the private letters — one addressed to the President of the 
United States and the other to Mr. Paul Ponton — were found by infor- 
mation voluntarily tendered to me by one of the crew, Stewart Greer, 
who pointed out the place where he had concealed them and removed 
a portion of the cabin bulkhead in order to obtain them. He informed 
me that he had promised the writer of the letter addressed to the Presi- 
dent of the United States that he would deliver it in person. 

All of the vessels now composing the blockading force off Charleston 
will probably claim to share in the capture. Their names are as 
follows: 

U. S. steam frigate New Iro7is!des^ U. S. steam frigate Pmchatan^ 
U. S. steam sloop CanaTidaigm^ U. S. steam sloop Housatonic^ U. S. S. 
Flag, U. S. S. Stettin, U. S. S. A^mutta, U. S. S. UnadUla, U. S. S. 
Huron^ U. S. S. Paul Jones^ U. S. S. South Carolina^ U. S. S. Mar- 
hUhead^ U. S. S. Lodona, U. S. S. Watmutta, U. S. S. Dandelion^ 
U. S. schooner Para. 

A number of the above-mentioned vessels were within signal distance 
by the usual night signals, and all hy firing of guns, excepting those 
stationed at the extreme northern limits of the blockade. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

J. F. Green, 

Captain. 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of the Niavy, Washington, D. C. 



Beport of a board of survey. 

Port Royal, May 18, 1863. 
Sib: In obedience to your order of this date to hold a careful sur- 
vey on the prize sloop Secesh, captured off Charleston on the 15th 
instant, and report to you her condition and the practicability of send- 
ing her north without serious injury to her cargo, and if we should 
find her unfit to go north, to take an accurate inventor}'^ of her cargo 
and appraise the value of her hull, tackle, furniture, etc., we beg 
leave to report that she is tight and her hull in fair condition. Her 
sails are torn, worn out, and utterly unseaworthy. We do not deem 
it advisable to send her to a Northern port. We value her hull, tackle, 
furniture, etc., at $100. Her cargo consists of 85 bales cotton, 2 
broken bales cotton, 1 barrel pitch, and 1 keg tobacco, all more or less 
damaged. 

Very respectfully, you obedient servants, 

T. Stites, 

Acting Master. 
A. S. Gardner, 

Acting Master. 
Charles Boardman, 

Carpei\tev. 



198 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 

Report of Rear- Admiral Du Pont^ U. 8. N(wy^ regardd/ng the capture 
of the sloop C. RotUerea/u^ off Charleston^ S. CI, May 16^ 1863. 

No. 204.] Flagship Wabash, 

Port Royal Harbor^ 8. (7., May 26, 1863. 

Sir: I have the honor to report to the Department the capture, on 
the morning of the 16th instant, of the sloop C. Routereau, of 
Charleston, S. C, by the U. S. S. PowIuUan, Captain C. Steedman, 
whilst attempting to run the blockade out of that port. 

The vessel was sent here, and, after 8Ui*vey, condemned as unfit to go 
north (Enclosure No. 1). Her cargo, consisting of 9 bales of cotton 
and three-fourths barrel of rosin, has been transshipped to the 
schooner W. F. Garrison and sent to Philadelphia for aajudication. 
Acting Master's Mate C. D. Bordman, of the Powhatan, goes north 
in charge of cargo and papers. 

Captain Steedman reports th^t the vessels within signal distance 
were the New Ironsides, Canandaigxia, Ilo^isatonic^ Pa/ul Jones, Huron, 
UnadiUa.Marlilehead, Aivgusta^ ^amsutta^ Lodona, 8tettin, Danddian, 
Paray and 8outh Carolina. 

I forward herewith Captain Steedman's letter* to the Department 
(marked No. 2), enclosing a prize list of the officers and crow of the 
Pmohatan. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

S. F. Du Pont, 
Rear-Admiraly Comdg. 8outh Atlantic Blockading 8quadrcn* 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

8ecretaryoftheNavyy Washington, D. C. 

[Enclosure.] 

Port Royal, May 18, 1863. 
Sir: In obedience to your order of this date to hold a careful survey 
on the prize sloop C. Routereau, captured off Charleston on the 16tn 
instant, and report to you on the practicability of sending her north, 
and if we should find her unfit to go north to take an accurate inven- 
tory of her cargo and appraise the value of her hull, tackle, furniture, 
etc., we beg leave to report that she is very leaky and utterly unfit to 
go to sea. We value ner hull, tackle, furniture, etc., at $16. Her 
cargo consists of 9 bales of cotton and three-fourths barrel turpentine, 
all damaged^ 

Very respectfully, your obedient servants, 

T. Stites, 

Acting Master. 
A. S. Gardner, 

Acting Master. 
Charles Boardman, 

Carpenter. 

* Not necessary to publish. 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 199 

Report of Rear-Adimral Du Pont^ U. S. JVavy, an the arrival of the 

U. S. S. James Adgei\ 

No. 247.] Flagship Wabash, 

Port Royal Harbor, S. May 16, 1863. 
Sib: I have the honor to report to the Department the amval here 
this morning of the U. S. S. Jatnes Adget*^ Commander T. H. Patterson. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

S. F. Du Pont, 
Rear-Admiral^ Conidg. Sinith Atlantic Blockading Squadron. 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of the Navy ^ Washington, D. C. 



Divisional' order issued hy Cotnmodore Turner, U. S. Navy, enjoining 
vigilance in the blockade of Charleston. 

U. S. S. New Ironsides, 
Off Charleston, S. C, May 16, 1863. 
I have received information of a large fleet of steamers being at 
Nassau, ready to run this blockade. One steamer and five sailing ves- 
sels escaped" from Charleston last night, only two of which were 
captured. 

A steamer ran in the northern channel night before last without 
having a gun fired at her. 

The time near high water is that which is usually selected by them 
to run; last night, however, a steamer came out at nearly low water. 

The utmost vigilance is required by us all to stop this. Whenever 
a vessel is seen i would fire, even though uncertain of m}' aim; this 
wakes up the whole line, and perhaps drives her back if it does nothing 
more. 

The lights on shore are so arranged that thev invariably run in and 
out through one of two channels, MafiStt's Channel or main Ship 
Channel, if they do not run out over all. 

The blockade runners generally undertake to break the line at either 
the upper or lower end of the line. 

T. Turner, 
Cotn7nodore. 



Report of Assistant Boutelle, V. S. Coast Sm^vey, regarding a neio 
cAanneL discovered in surveying Part Royal Harbor^ S, C. 

U. S. S. Bibb, 
Port Royal, S. May 16, 1863. 
Sir: In the progress of the survey of the entrances to this place I 
have found a channel, having 10 feet at low water, leading to sea 
directly from Fishing Rip, and shortening the distance in getting to 
sea about 7 miles for all light-draft vessels bound to the northward. 

I have marked this channel temporarily, and will mark it perma- 
nently as soon as the buoy schooner returns from Fernandina; mean- 



200 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 

while I respectfully submit sailing directions for entering it, and 
recommend their publication if you see fit. 
Yours, respectfully, 

Chas. O. Boutelle, 

Aissistant^ Coast Survey^ Commanding U. S. S. BUA. 
Rear- Admiral S. F. Du Pont, 

Com)nanding South Atlantic Blockading Squadron. 



Report of Acting Master Cressy^ TJ. S. Ndvy^ commanding U. S. ship 
Courier^ of the capture hy that vessel of the sloops Em^ine and Ange- 
lina and t Jie schooner Maria Bishop^ May 16 and 17 y 1863. 

U. S. Ship Courier, 
Neio York Navy Yard, May 1863. 

Sir: I have the honor to report the arrival of the U. S. ship Courier 
at this station from Port Roj'al. 

Also that I left Port Ro^^al on Friday, the 15th of May, at 7 a. m. 
On Saturdav, 16th, at 5 a. m., fell in with and captured the sloop 
Angdi7ia^of and from Charleston, S. C, bound to Nassau, New Provi- 
dence, with a cargo consisting of 23 bales of cotton. 

Same 'day, at 7 p. m., captured the sloop Emeline^ of and from 
Charleston, S. C, bound to Nassau, New Providence, with a cargo 
consisting of 48 bales of cotton. 

Next day, May 17, at 9 a. m., captured the schooner Maria Bishop^ 
of and from Charleston, S. C, bound to Nassau, New Providence, with 
a cargo consisting of 17 bales of cotton. 

I removed all the prisoners to the Courier and sent the prizes to 
New Yorit. 

All the above-named vessels ran the blockade at Charleston, S. C, 
on the night of Friday, May 15, 1863. 

Very respectf uUj', your obedient servant, 

W. K. Cressy, 
Acting Master, Commanding. 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of the Navy^ Washiiigton, D. C. 



Abstract log of the U. S. ship Coxirier, Acting Master W. K. Cressy ^ 
U. S. Navy, commanding. 

May 16, 75^5.— Latitude 32^ 15' N., longitude, 79° 16' W. At 
10: 30 a. m. made chase, fii*ed, and brought to a sloop; lowered a boat, 
and at 10:45 boarded her. Found her to be the Confederate sloop 
Angelina., of Charleston, bound to Nassau, with 23 bales of cotton. 
W. P. O'Brien, officer of boat, took charge and brought her to under 
the lee of the Courier. Brought the cap^in and two men on board as 

Erisonei-s. At 12:45 p. m. sent Acting Master's Mate Charles FJ.] 
[ill as prize master with crew of three men with orders to proceed to 
New York and report to Rear-Admiral Paulding. At 2 p. m. saw 
papers drifting by. Lowered boat and picked them up; found them 
to be papers belonging to the prize sloop Angelina. At 4: 30 p. ni. 
saw a sloop on starlxMird quarter; bore down upon her until 6, nring 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



201 



^ns at her occasionally. Sloop still keeping on her course, wind 
very light; lowered second cutter and with an armed boat's crew, Wil- 
liaui P. O'Brien, executive oflicer, in charge, started in chase of her. 
At 7 p. m. boarded her; found her to be the Confederate sloop Evie- 
lin^y of Charleston, bound to Nassau, with 43 bales of cotton; took 
charge of her and brought her alongside under the lee of the Courier. 
No papers. Sent Acting Ensign S. B. Davis as prize master, with 
orders to proceed to New York. 

May 17.— At 7:30 a. m. made chase after a schooner; fired several 
times, and at 8 brought her to, lowered the ^ig, and boarded her. 
Found her to be the Confederate schooner Maria Bishjop^ of Charles- 
ton, bound to Nassau, with 17 bales of cotton. Brought her captain 
on board and two men. Sent Acting Assistant Paymaster M. W. 
Blake on board as prize master and two men, with orders to proceed 
to New York. Latitude 32° 15' N., longitude 78^ 12' W. 



Report of Comrnander Balch^ U. S. Navy^ senior officer in Stono Irdet^ 
regarding affairs in tKose waters. 

U. S. Steam Sloop Pawnee, 
Stono Inlet^ South Carolina.^ May 17^ 1863. 

Sm: I have the honor to report all guiet in the Stono. 

General Vogdes is strengthening his position on Folly Island, and 
has been consulting with me in reference to a reconnoissance in some 
force on James Island. A prompt assistance was offered him as far 
-as the navy is concerned, ana I think some good may result from a 
movement of that kind. 

I am of the opinion that the enemy has but a small force on James 
Island at this time. 

I had intended going up the Stono with the Pavmee and McDonough 
and ascertain the position of the enemy's batteries, etc., but I was 
requested to wait till General Vogdes could carry out his plans, as he 
feared that a movement on our part would excite a suspicion on the 
part of the enemy, and I therefore gave up the plan for the present; 
and now that the McDonough is in such a condition I shall of course 
take no steps in the matter. 

The buov on the north breaker has been carried away and is now 
on Folly Island. I shall replace it as soon as the weather is suit- 
able. 

The coal schooner arrived this afternoon in tow of the Oleander^ and 
I shall commence discharging her in the morning. 

May I ask early instructions in regard to the repairs of the McDon- 
ough^ as I do not like to take the responsibility of letting her steam go 
down for so long a period as ten <mys without your orders to that 
effect 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

Geo. B. Balch, 

Commander and Senior Officer Present. 

Eear-Admiral S. F. Du Pont, 

Comdg. South Atlantic Blockading Squadron^ Port Jtoyal^ S. C 



202 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADBON, 



EepoH of Emr*Admmd Pii Pont^ U. S, ^"V^i^^y, of the mrnmal of the 

U. S. S. Ottmm, 

No. 251.] Flaoship Wabash, 

Ptwt RoyaJ. Jlarfnyr, tl. May IS, ms. 
^ik: I have the honor to report to the Department tho arrival here, 
on the ItJth instimt, of the U. S. gunboat Wtom, Lieutenant-Com- 
maiuler W, D, Whitin^, 

Very res^pectf ulh% vour obedient ser\^nt, 

^ ^ S. Du Pont, 

Rmr-Admilml^ Cmnd^. South Aflmitw Bkmkudijif/ Sqtmdmiu 

HoHi GrDBON WELLE8, 

SecTi^Tyof thsMtvmj^ Wmhimjtrm^ D* C. 



S^port of Rear- Admiral Du Po?it, U. S. Mamy^ trammiiting report 

regwrdmg th^ need of effici^it frenim. 

No. 250,] Flagship Wabash, 

Pmt Royal Jlarh^r. S. CI, May 18, mS. 
Sik: I onclose a copy (marked No. 1) of an important communica- 
tion forwarded to me from Commander George W. Hotlger^?*, of the 
U* S. ironclad VafiikiU, in which he a^ks for firemen better uimlitied 
to perform the duties required of them on l>oard ves^jels of the cla^a 
of the CatMkUL 

I desire to add in this connection that it will be necessary to have a 
resei^e of experienced firemen for the other ironclad**, a» in the com- 
ing hot Heayon they will, in all probability, be constantly required to 
MUpply the plaeen of those invafided* 

I have already found nuich difficulty in meeting the immediate 
demaudB of those vossela* 

Very r^pectfuUy, your obedient i^orvant, 

F. Du Poi^T, 

Rmr- Admiral, Comdg, South AUmdie Bl^kadim/ Squ4£droii, 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secretary oft/te Mmy, Washington^ D. C\ 

No* 250.] Ironclad Steamer Catskill, 

A'i>rth Misio, S, C\, May 15^ 1863. 

Sir: 1 feel it my duty to make the following statement in regard to 
the firemen on board thiii vesssel: 

While attached to the ship in New York I had in view several men 
that I knew to be intelligent and capable firemen and mechanics and 
were only awaiting the completion of the vessel to enlist as part of 
her f otnplement, but having been detached and ordered to another 
8hip, I was, of coll i"se, unable to attend to the matter, I was reordered 
t^o the nhip the day she was put in commission and found the same 
complement of firemen already on board* I then had, and expressed 
doubt as to their capability to perform their duties, particularly on a 
vessel of this class, and I regret to way that experience has only con- 
finned me in the opinion then formed. 

Until we returned to Port Royal after the action at Charleston 
(where we were fortunate enough to obtain one of the firemen who had 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADITfG SQUADRON. 203 



ged to the Kmhtk). we had but one man who could work in iron, 
and he wes not a mechanic, thereby leiiving the labor of everything in 
the way of ropaira to he p€*rformed almost entirely by the engineera, 
I have endeavored thus far to get along with the men 1 ha^^e, but I 
consider it alm>lutely necessary that the firemen, particularly on a 
yhip of this kind, should be at least intelligent men, who are capable 
of mui pre bending an order and are able to execute it. 1 have, now 
but two men whom I mn safely trust in the turret to attend to the 
blowing engines, and the services of those can not lie dispetised with 
in the engine room. Neither have la man who knows anything about 
boiler making or repairing. But 1 will not enuraemte more. From 
what I ha^^e stated, I beg leave to hope you will not consider my action 
in this matter a>4 uncalled for. 

I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

Geo. D. Ei^imonb, 

(Jommander G. W. Rodoees, 

C&mmmiding S. CaUMU. 

Eesspectf ully forwarded with an earnest I'eque^t that some of our 
firemen may be exchanged for others better qunlified for their duties. 
I have already disrated two for neglect and incompetency, and have 
felt considerable anxiety as to the safety of the engines. 
Very resj^ectf ully, your obedient servant, 

Geo. W. Rodoers, 

Commander. 

Bear-Adrainil S. F. Du Pokt, 

Ctyimmmding South Atlantic libfckuding Squadnm* 



Report of Lieidenant-Commmjdtrr (rifmm^ fl, Navy^ commanding 
a, iS. Smeca^ of arrival at IHdladdphia na vy ya/rd. 

U. S- GrmBOAT Seneca, 
Naifg Yard^ PkUmielpMa^ May IS, ISfJS, 
Sir: I have the honor to r©|K>rt my arrival at this yard, having sailed 
from Port Royal on the 13th instant, in obedience to an order of Rear- 
Admiral Du Pont, a copy of which is herewith enclosed. 
I am, sir, very re,spectfully, your obedient servant, 

William Gibson. 
Lieiitman t^ Vomtnunder* 

Hon* Gideon Welles, 

Se^*etary of t/i£ Namy, 



from Mc^or- General Hunter^ U. S, Army^ to Hmr- Admiral 
%i Pont^ U, S. Mtvy^ urging the strict mforcmiietit of fjuurantifie 
regidatiom at Jhrt lioyal^ C. 

Headquarters Depabtmekt of the South, 
Hilton- Head, Port Rtryal, S\ a. May 18, ISGS. 
Admiral: In antieipation of the return of the hot ^s^^aivOT^^\ b^s\ 
ious to take every prec/iution to prevent the De^^^txtav^wt \TQw\\3«i\T\^ 



204 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADBON. 



revisited the pestilence which proved so fatal last year. I am sat- 
isfied that it is only by the strict enforcement of the most rigid quar- 
antine regulations that this result can be attained. 

In view of the paramount importance of the object sou^t to all 
whose duties require them to remain here during the summer, 1 respect- 
fully request that a gunboat be stationed near the inner buoy, with 
instructions to compel all vessels seeking to enter the harbor to await 
the visit of the health oflBicer at that point. 

I have the honor to be, admiral, very respectfully, your most obe- 
dient servant, 

D. HUNTEB, 

Major- General^ Ooriimanding. 

Rear- Admiral S. F. Du Pont, 

Commanding South Atlantio Blockading Squad/ron, 



Letter froni Rear- Admiral Du Poiit^ U. S. Navy^ to Major- General 
Hunter^ U. S. Army^ regarding the enforcement of quarantine reg- 
ulations at Port Royal^ S. C, 

Flagship Wabash, 
Fort Royal Bailor ^ S. May 19, 1863. 
General: I have your communication of the 18th instant on the 
subject of establishing a quarantine. 
Though very short of vessels, I shall have one prepared for the 

Jmrpose you desire with the least possible delay, for 1 am satisfied but ^ 
or the measures you took last summer we should have suffered much 
more from the pestilence which visited us. 
Respectfully, etc., 

S. F. Du Pont, 

Rear- Admiral. 

Major-General D. Hunter, 

Commanding Department of the Smith, HilUm Head. 



Divimonal crrder of Commodore Turner, IT. S. Navy, regarding Coston 
Signals for vessels miming in and out. 

U. S. S. New Ironsides, 
Off Charleston, S. C, May 19, 1863. 
On and after this date vessels on blockade ser\ice in this division will 
burn a red Coston signal for vessels running in, and white running out. 

This order will supersede the former one, with the exception of that 
part relating to rockets. 

T. Turner, 

Commodore. 



Report of Lieutenant- Commander Upshn\ U. S. Na^^, commanding 
U. S. S. Flamheau, of arrival at MxirrdPs Inlet, South Carolina. 

U. S. S. Flambeau, 
OffMxirrelVs Inlet, S. C, May 19, 1863. 
Sir: In obedience to your order of 11th instant, I have to report 
my arrival at this point on the afternoon of the 13th, where I found 
the Monticello, Lieutenant-Conmiander Braine. 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 205 

The burnine of one, and shelling of the remainder, of the six 
schooners at uils inlet by vessels of Admiral Lee^s s<|uadron appears 
to have for the present paralyzed those capable of gettmg to sea; they 
mav, however, recover from this and attempt to get out. 
tkitered or departed, none. 

I have the honor to be, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

J. II. Upshur, 
Limitenant' Commander, 

Rear- Admiral S. F. Du Pont, 

Commanding South AUaitf i^: Blockadimj Squadron. 



Report of Acting Master Dutch^ U. S. Na/oy^ regarding the seizure of 

corn at Ediato^ S. C. 

U. S. Bark Kingfisher, 
St. Helena Scnind, May 19, 1863. 
Sir: I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of General Orders, 
No. 9, from Navy Department, date of April 2, 1863. 

* * * * * * * 

I woald also report that from reconnoissances made at Edisto on 
different occasions, discovered large quantities of corn on several 
estates there. It being much needed by blacks, and also by horses on 
St Helena Island, I invited the superintendents to send their boats 
and take it away. Accordingly, on the morning of the 13th instant, 
sent the launch in charge of Mr. Rhoades, with twelve riflemen, in com- 
pany with seventeen IxMits, from St. Helena. They proceeded to Edisto 
and loaded their boats, and returned on the 18th, naving in all about 
800 bushels of very good com. My object in doing this was, first, to 
prevent its falling into rebel hands, and, second, to supply the people 
in this vicinity. Hope you will justify the course I have pursued. I 
have sent the schooner to Port Royal to-day in charge of Mr. Rhoades 
for the purpose of getting our mails and stores. 

Herewith forward quarterly returns of stores in yeoman's depart- 
ment If there is any informality in these reports, have the kinane^s 
to inform me, as I have received no instructions in relation to them. 
Also forward the reports of Paymaster Blakeman in relation to our 
provisions. Have the kindness to inform me for how long a time you 
wish the ship provisioned. 

I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

J. C. Dutch, 
Acting Mast^\ Commanding. 

Bear- Admiral S. F. Du Pont, 

Commanding SoiUh Atlantic Blockading Squadron. 



Report of Acting Master Dutch, JJ. 8. Naxnu commanding U. S. hark 
Kingnaher^ regarding boat expedition in South Ediato itiver. South 
Carclina. 

U. S. Bark Kingfisher, 
St. Hd^ia Sound, May 1863. 
Sib: I have the honor to report that I have heard several times of 
late that a large schooner was lying at a place the conttaWvAa vjaXV 



206 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADBON. 



Grimball's, on Paw Paw [Pon Pon] River, near the junction of Sontfa 
Edisto and Dawho rivers. Thinking it desirable to bring her away. I 
left the ship yesterdaip^ at 2 p. m. with the launch, armed with tne 
howitzer and 10 rifles, in charge of Acting Ensign Chapin; first cut- 
ter, with 8 riflemen, in charge of Master's Mate Nelson; the gig, with 
7 rifles, accompanied by Dr. Wescott; proceeded up South Edisto 
River to Aiken's Landing, on Jehossee Island, reconnoitered carefully, 
and finding no enemy or contrabands on the island, crossed over to 
Aiken's residence and down to the landing by his mill, but the 
schooner was nowhere to be seen. We had a good view of Grimball's 
and all the land on Willstown side of the river. On my way back to 
the boats entered Aiken's house through a side window. The house 
contains a large amount of rich and valuable furniture; also a very 
expensive library. Two or three rooms were locked, which 1 did not 
enter. Should judge the house contained all that was in it when last 
occupied. Also found considerable quantity of rough rice and other 
property in the outbuildings, all of which can, I think, be safely and 
easily removed if desired. Not feeling at liberty, however, to remove 
anything, secured the doors and windows, and left the premises as we 
found them. We returned on the morning of the 19th through Mos- 
quito Creek, and when off Bennett's Point saw a squad of rebels run 
out of an old shed -and hide behind the trees. I immediately landed 
with the riflemen on the bank, between the boathouse and the point, 
and started across the field, hoping to cut off the enemy's reti*eat. At 
this time Mr. Chapin sent a shell from the howitzer among the trees, 
and they escaped on their horses ))efore we could reach the road. As 
they passed us wc fired ten or twelve rifle shots, one of which took effect, I 
think, in the neck of one of their men, as I saw him raise his right hand 
to his neck and fall forward on his horse, but did not come to the ground; 
one of their horses was also wounded. On going to the shed, found two 
or three knapsacks, a pair of spurs, and their dinner cooking on the fire. 

The pickets at this point have been very bold and inquisitive, watch- 
ing our moves closely since we have l)een on the station. 
I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

J. C. Dutch, 
Acti7uj MuHtei^ Cani^nanding. 

Rear-Admiral S. F. Du Pont, 

Comvuinding South Atlantic BUKkadmg Sip.uidron, 



Order of Rear- Admiral Du Pont, U, S. Navy, to Acting Rmign Wood^ 
U. S. Na/oyj commandiiig U. S. scliooner Norfolk Packet. 

Flagship Wabash, 
Prrt Royal Harbor, S. May 20, 1863. 
Sir: You will proceed with the Norfolk Packet, under your com- 
mand, off Charleston, and report for blockading duty to dommodore 
TuiTier, Nexo Iromides, senior oflicer present. 
Respectfully, etc., 

S. F. Du Pont, 

Rear-Admiral. 

Acting Ensign G. W. Wood, 

Uoinmanding U. S. Schooner Norfolk Packet. 



SOUTH ATLAimC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 207 



Seport of Communder Balch, U. S. Navy^ regardhig condition of 
affairs in Stono waters. 

U. S. Steam Sloop Pawnee, 
Stotio Met, South Carolina, May 20, 1863. 
Sir: I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your orders* 
of the 19th instant, and in obedience thereto Lieutenant-Commander 
Racon will proceed in the morning to Port Royal in the Commodore 
McDonovgH. 

The McDonaugh could not get out to-day, as she did not have steam 
up when the Hale arrived ana the tide was not suitable for her cross- 
ing' the bar. 

The prompt assistance always afforded me by Lieutenant-Commander 
Bacon since I have been here and his accurate knowledge of the local- 
ities in the vicinity lead me to hope that he may be sent here again as 
soon as the needful repairs can be made to the vessel he so ably com- 
mands. I desire {Mtiiicularly to brin^ to the notice of the admiral the 
very efficient services rendered by Lieutenant-Commander Bacon, his 
officers, and crew. 

I have the honor to report all quiet in Stono watci-s and vicinity. 
For any particulars I refer you to Lieutenant-Commander Bacon, who 
has been requested to ^ive you all the information in his ix)wer. 
The coal schooner A. H. Manchester was discharged this day. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

Geo. B. Balch, 
Commander and Sefiior Officer Present 

Rear-Admiral S. F. Du Pont, 

Comdg. South Atlantic BlocJcdg. Squadron, Port Royal, S. C. 



Order of Commodore Balch, IL S. A^airy, to Lieutenaiit'Cotnmander 
Bacofv, U. S. Nam/, cotnmxxnding U. S. S. Commodore McDonough. 

U. S. Steam Sloop Pawnee, 
SU/ivo Met, South Carolina, May 20, 1863. 
Sir: You will proceed to Port Royal, S. C. , with the U. S. S. Commo- 
d4iTe McDonough under your command and report to Rear-Admiral 
S. F. Du Pont. 

Very respectfully, your obedient seiTant, 

Geo. B. Balch, 
Commander afid Senior Officer l^esent. 
Lieutenant-Commander Geo. Bacon, U. S. Nav^y, 

Comdg. U. S. S. Commodore McDonough, Stono Inlet. 



Report of Rear-Admiral Du Pcmt, TI. S. Navy, regarding the tcreck 
ofan unhnown steamer off Breach Inlet, South Cajvlina, May 20, 
1863. 

No. 261.] IYagstiip Wabash, 

Port Royal Harbor^ S. C, May 2i, 1863. 
Sir: I have the honor to report to the Department that a three- 
masted steamer was driven on shore to the eastward of Breach Inlet 



*Not found. 

» W S—VOL 14 14 



208 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 

on the night of the 20th instant while attempting to run out of 
Charleston Harbor. 

She is entirely submerged and a total wreck. No further particu- 
lars have been received. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

S. F. Du Pont, 
Rear- Admiral^ Comdg, South Atlantic Blockading Squadrmu 
Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of the Nav^y^ Washington^ D. C, 



Report of Comm odore Turner^ U. S. Navy^ regarding the vyreck of an 
nnknomi steamer off Breach Inlet^ South Carolina, 

U. S. S. New Ironsides, 
Off Chxirlestoix, S. (?., May £1, 1863. 

Admiral: I have to report to you that last night a three-masted 
steamer was driven on shore to the eastward of Breach Inlet by our 
vessels on the northern line after very sharp firing. 

She is entirely submerged and a wreck, bhe was endeavoring to run 
out. As soon as I can ascertain anything about her I will inform you. 

A flag of truce came off to-day, sending a purse of $50 in gold for 
some officer in General Hunter's command who was taken prisoner 
and has gone north. 

I will send the communications accompanying it at the first oppor- 
tunity, with the money. 

I shall be obliged to send the Augicsta to Port Royal in a few days 
for coal. 

The Wamsittta will also bo obliged to go to Port Royal for coal next 
week. 

Almost every night there is an attempt made to run in or out by 
blockade runners. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

T. Turner, 

Comynodore. 

Rear-Adminil S. F. Du Pont, 

Co)mnanding South Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 



Report of Rear- Admiral Du Pont^ U. S. Navy^ regarding the neces- 
sity for another* storeship in the squadron. 

No. 254. ] Fij^GSHiP Wabash, 

Port Rcyyal Harbor, S. C, May 21, 1863. 

Siu: I am compelled to call the attention of the Department to the 
necessity of sending to Port Royal another storeship for this squadron. 

The Vennont, large as she is and invaluable as sue has been on this 
station, has not suflicient space to meet demands, and the Valparaiso, 
formerly one of the old store hulks, is now in such a decayed condi- 
tion that it will be unsafe to use her longer as a storeship. ' 

Another vessel of from 1,000 to 1,200 tons will be required, with 
suitable hoisting gear and with accommodations on deck for the offi- 
cers and crew, in order that the rest of the ship may be used exclu- 
sively for stores. 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 209 



The necessity for such a vessel is more apparent from the high sums 
demanded for demurrage for vessels coming here with stores, as well 
as from the constant complaints at beine aetained by the masters of 
such of these vessels as are not coppered, arising from fear of their 
destruction by worms. • 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

S. F. Du Pont, 
ReaT'Adm/vral^ Comdg. Sotdh Atlantic Blockading S<ixmdron, 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of the Navy^ Washington^ C, 

[Endoraement.] 

There has been no agreement made for storehouses connected with 
the wharf at Port Royal. That wharf will be provided with four 
cranes for hoisting coal, but not sufficiently strong for guns and such 
heavv weights. The rail track from the wharf will run on the land 
nearly half a mile. 

Unl less some of the large purchased sailing vessels, as Nightingale^ 
Fear Not^ Morning Lights Shepherd Knapp^ Ino^ Pampero^ can be 
taken for this purpose, a vessel must be purchased if necessary. In 
tiiat case, it is suggested that it be appropriated to ordnance purposes 
wholly. 



Report of Rear-Ad/iniral D\i Pont^ U. S. JVcm/, transmitting report 
regarding rumored infringement ojhlockude. 

No. 255.] FiJVosHip Wabash, 

Port Royal Harbor, S. C, May '21, 1863. 

Sm: I have already acknowledged the Department's dispatch of 
April 28, 1863, refernnff to information given by a lady who was on 
board of a steamer whicn ran the blockade on the 8th April. 

Inmi^iately after its receipt I sent a copy to Captain J. F. Green, 
of the Canafidaig^ia, who, on the night in question, was senior officer 
in charge of the blockading vessels off the bar, and now enclose a 
copy of his letter to me in answer thereto (marked No. 1). 

In this connection, I desire once more to call the attention of the 
Department to the necessity of increasing the force in this squadron, 
80 as to enable me to place a greater number of vessels off Charleston. 
As stated in my dispatch ^No. 237, the infractions of the blockade 
there are increasing m consequence of an increase of the number of 
steamers enga^d m violating it, of greater speed and less draft of 
water, and under a thorough organization, ana with a complete sys- 
tem of signals from the shore. 

It is simply impossible to maintain a stricter blockade off that port 
with the vessels 1 am able to station there, particularly taking into 
consideration their great inferiority of speed to the blocloide runners, 
with a very few exceptions. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

S. F. Du Pont, 
Rear-Admiral, Comdg. South Atlantic Blockading Sqiuidron. 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of the JNavy, Washington, D. C. 



210 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADBON. 



[Enclosure.] 

U. S. Steam Sloop Canandaioua, 

Off Charleston, May IS, 1863. 

Sir: 1 have to acknowledge the receipt of your communication of 
the 10th instant, accompanied with a copy of the letter addressed to 
you by the Navy Department relating to a vessel said to have run the 
blockade of this port on the 8th ultimo. 

In reply I would respectfully state that I have no knowledge of a 
vessel having run the blockade, nor have I any reason to believe there 
was a want of vigilance on the part of the officers employed on it at 
the time specified. On the other hand, I should infer, from the zeal 
and attention felt and evinced generally by the commanding officers 
of blockading vessels in the discharge of their duty, that mcreased 
vigilance would have been observea by them in consequence of the 
number of vessels employed on that service having been necessarily 
reduced, and also that any attempt to elude the blockade would prob- 
ably be made to the northward, where thev were stationed, as the chan- 
nel inside the bar and nearly up to Fort Wagner was occupied by the 
ironclads. 

The vessels available for blockading seiTice on the 8th ultimo were 
stationed as follows: Steam frigate l^johatan^ midway between Pump- 
kin Hill and Swash channels; steamer Flag^ off the Swash Channel; 
steamer Augmta, near the western end and to the southward of 
Rattlesnake Shoal; steamer Zt/cfona, near the eastern end and to the 
northward of Rattlesnake Shoal; schooner G. W. J?/?m^^between Rat- 
tlesnake Shoal and the mainland; schooner America^ at Bull's Bay. 

The other vessels belonging to and usually employed on the block- 
ade were disposed of, agreeably to your orders, as follows: Steamers 
James Ad^er, Memphis, Flambeau^ and Wissahichm. dispatched on other 
duty; steamer Stettin, anchored as a channel range mark; steamers 
Canandaigua^ Housatonic, Unad^Ma, and Huron at me entrance and in 
the vicinity of Pumpkin Hill Channel. 

Besides the above-mentioned vessels, there were the steamers Bihb 
and Ericsson, several ordnance schooners, and other vessels at anchor 
near the Canandaigua and Homatonic, in close proximity to ^ch other 
and forming a group that could be seen a great distance at night. 

It is probable that these last-mentioned vessels were those seen by 
the party from whom the Department obtained its information, and 
who, it appears, has been pleased to attribute a successful passa^ 
through the blockade to negligent guardians rather than to stealthy 
and unprincipled violators of it 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

J. F. Green, 

Captain. 

Rear- Admiral S. F. Du Pont, 

Comdg. South Atlantic Blockading Squadron. 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON, , 211 

Report of Commodore Turner ^ U. S. Navy^ urgm(f the need of guard- 
ing Cape Bofnain River^ South Carolina, 

U. S. S. New Ironsides, 
Off Charl^ton., S. May 21, 1863. 
Admiral: I have the honor to write you the following extract from 
a letter written by Commander Almy, commanding U. S. S. South 
Carolina, blockading off Bull's Bay: 

Mv usual anchorage is off the entrance to the main Ship Channel, which runs in 
hj Bull's Island, and which you will readily see by reference to the chart; but 
there is another, Cape Romain Inlet [River], to which Commander Colhoun called 
our attention, as you may recollect, over by the light-house, and which you will 
also see bv reference to the chart. 

If at all practicable, there should be a small steamer or schooner to guard the 
latter inlet, and I would respectfully suesest that you propose it to the admiral. 
The SUUin caught the small steamer St. Johns attempting to run into Cape Romain 
Inlet The distance between these two entrances is 10 miles, and it is impossible 
for one vessel to keep guard over both. I occasionally run over from this anchorage 
to the other, to reconnoiter about Cape Romain. 

This steamer has no Bill's Bay pilot on board, and it is absolutely necessary that 
a steamer stationed here should nave one. There are several shoals and intricate 
pnHnagrn about the bay, and some of the blockade runners have been taken after 
they gx>t inside and run aground. It requires somebody to know how to get them 
off aiS out to the best advantage. I trust that a pilot will be found to send to me, 
which will add to my efficiency as a blockader off here. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

T. Turner, 

Co7n7nodore. 

Rear- Admiral S. F. Du Pont, 

Commanding South Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 



Letter from Rear-Admiral Du Pont. U. S. Navy, to Acting Master 
Dutch, U. S. Navy, commanding U. S. bark Aingfi^/ier, apjmwina 
his action regarding the seizure of corn on Edisto Island, Soutfi 
Carolina. 

Flagship Wabash, 
Port Royal llai^r, S. C, May 21, 1863. 

Sir: Your two interesting communications of the 19th and 20th 
instant have been received. 

Your course in having the corn removed from Pxlisto Island for the 
purpase of feeding^ the blacks is approved, as well as 3'our prudent 
conduct in preventing any plundering of Mr. Aiken's residence. No 
mod can result from any wanton destruction of rebel property. It 
does no benefit to us and is contrary to my general instructions relat- 
ing to the destruction of private property. 

1 have forwarded your returns in the masters', ]x)ats wains', car- 
penters', and sailmakei's' departments. 

The (M^master will arrange with your paymaster as to 3'^our supply 
of provisions. 

Kespectfully, etc., 

S. F. Du Pont, 

Rear-Admiral. 

Acting Master J. C. Dutch, 

U. S. Bark Kingfisher, St. Helena. 



212 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOOKADINQ SQUADRON. 

Order of Commander Le Roy^ U. 8. Navy^ to Acting Master CHUeapie^ 
U, S. Namj^ commanding U. S, hark JSrcusiUera. 

U. S. S. Keystone State, 

St. Si7non\ Ga., May 2i, 1863. 
Sir: Upon beinff relieved by the Madgie you will please [proceed] 
with the IJ. S. bark BraziUera under your command to Port Royal 
and report to Admiral Du Pont or senior oflBicer present. 
I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

Wm. E. Le Roy, 
Commander and Senior Officer^ St. SimmCs^ Oa. 

Acting Master W. T. Gillespie, U. S. Navy, 

Gominanding U. S. Bark BrazUiera^ St. Catherines Sound. 



Order of Commander Le Roy. U. S. Namj^ to actvag Master Pclleifs^ 
U. S. Navy^ ctrmmanding U. S. S. Maagie^ to proceed as the relief 
of the TJ. S. S. Potomska^ St, Si7no7i^s Sounds Georgia. 

U. S. S. Keystone State, 

St. Simon\ Ga., May 22, 1863. 
Sir: When the Madgie is ready you will please proceed to St. Simon's 
and relieve the Potoinska. Will you please say to Captain Budd, of 
the Potomska^ that I wish he would tow the BraziUera out to sea? And 
you will let him have the services of Tattnall (your pilot) to assist in 
so doing, requesting Captain Budd to return him to you, after towing 
the bark out. 

I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

Wm. E. Le Roy, 
Comvmxinder and Senior Officer Present. 

Acting Master W. H. Polleys, 

Commanding TJ. S. S. Madgie.^ St. SimorCs^ Ga. 



Letter from the Sea'ctary oftlie Navy to Rear- Admiral Jhi Pont, U. S. 
Navy, transmitting clipping from the Charleston Mercury, aiid snak- 
ing enquiry regarding the removal of guns of the U. S. 6. Keokuk. 

Navy Department, May 22^ 1863. 
Sir: Enclosed is an article from the Charleston Mercury, in which 
it is stated that the guns of the Keokuk have been removed from the 
wreck and taken to Charleston. Have you any information upon this 
subject? 

Very respectfully, etc., 

Gideon Welles. 

Secretary of the Navy. 

Rear-Admiral Saml. F. Du Pont, 

Comdg. South Atlantic Blockdg. Squadron^ Port Royal^ S. C. 

[Encloeure from the Charleston Mercury, May 7.] 
The guns of the Keokuk, 

The guns of this famous ironclad now lie on the South Commercial 
wharf. They consist of two long Xl-inch columbiads, and will soon 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 213 

be moanted for our defense, valuable acquisitions, no less than hand- 
some trophies of the battle of Charleston Harbor. By order of General 
Ripley, Colonel Alfred Khett, on the 16th, after the departure of the 
ironcmd fleet, examined the wreck, and reported the attainment of the 
^118 practicable. Mr. La Coste, assisted by Adjutant Boylston and 
detachments of men from Fort Sumter, under different lieutenants, 
have effected the saving of these fine pieces of ordnance with much trou- 
ble. Latterly the KeohilchBS been entirely submerged, and in rough 
water. The turret had to be unbolted, or unscrewed, and taken off 
before the guns could be slung for removal. This was an unpleasant 
job of some difficulty, the labor being performed under water, when 
the sea was smooth, and in the night time only. Those engaged in the 
undertaking, going in the small boat of the fort, were sometimes pro- 
tected from the enemy by the presence of our gunboats; at other times 
not. One gun was raised last week, being removed by the old light- 
boat. General Riplev himself, night before last, went down to superin- 
tend the removal of the secona gun. Entei-prise, even with scant 
means, can accomplish much. 



Order of Bear- Admiral Du Pimt^ U* S. NavxK to Commandef* Strong^ 
U. S. Namj^ commaTiding U. o. S. Flag. 

Flagship Wabash, 
Port Riryal Harbor, S. May 22, 1863 
Sib: You will please proceed with the Flag under your command 
off Charleston and repoi-t for blockading dut}^ to Commodore Turner, 
senior officer pi'esent. 

Respectfully, etc., 

S. F. Du Pont, 

Rear-Admiral. 

Commander J. H. Strong, 

U. S. S. Flag, Fort Boyal. 



Report of Commodore Turner, U. S, Navy, regarding a siaikefi steahur 
di^jvered in the viahi Ship Cliannd, Char'lestm, S. C\ 

U. S. S. New Ironsides, 
Off Charleston, S. C, May 23, 1863. 

Admiral: The Huron requiring coal, 1 send her down to Port Royal. 

Last night a vessel undertaking to run out by Lawford Channel was 
headed on and driven back. 

This morning, in the main Ship Channel, some distance this side of 
Fort Sumter, two masts were discovered standing out above water, as 
of a sunken steamer; all day to-day a tug has been alongside of her. 
I draw the inference, as a probability, tnat this was the vessel lired 
upon last night, and turned back, her hull having been so much (iam- 
aged by shot that she sunk before she got up. 

I shall have to send the Augusta to Port Royal in a day or two for coal. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

T. Turner, 

ConuiuHlore. 

Rear-Admiral S. F. Du Pont, 

Comma/ndiivg South Atlantic Blockading Stixutdnm. 



214 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



Joint report of officers commandmg irondads^ regarding the qualities of 

those vessels. 

U. S. Ironclad Passaic, 
N(yrth Edisto Harbor, May 25, 1863. 

Sir: We have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of the request 
of the Department, through Rear- Admiral Du Pont, that we should 
repoi-t frequently with regard to the qualities of the vessels we com- 
mand, and make any suggestions which experience may dictate for 
their improvement. 

Believing that it would better serve the purposes of the Department 
to make a report in common, as far as there was no difference of 
opinion, we beg leave to submit the following: 

Ist. The ventilation does not appear to be sufficient. This subject 
is one of much importance, and deserves great consideration. 

2d. In the greater number of the vessels, in rough weather, the leak- 
age of water under the turret is a serious defect; wetting the blower 
belts, it causes them to stretch, stopping or retarding the blowers, 
with great injury to health, if not witn actual danger of suffocation; 
causing reduction of steam, with detriment to management of vessel. 

3d. The groove of the keel appears to be insufficient to carry off any 
considerable volume of water from leaks which may occur forward or 
elsewhere; thus great danger may arise to the vessel from the water 
not reaching the pumps. We would recommend that a hand pump, 
of as great lifting power as possible, should be conveniently iixed for 
use when the boiTei*s are not in operation. 

4th. The compass is so sluggish as not to indicate the position of the 
ship's head until some time after being on a given point, making its 
use quite unsatisfactory, and as a guide quite unreliable — indeea, at 
sea, without an object ahead, almost useless. This is believed to be 
caused by its nearness (A feet) to heavy masses of iron. In some states 
of the atmosphere the mirrors used' for reflecting the compass are 
almost useless. 

5th. We would recommend a spare gmpnel anchor, such as now used 
in this class, with the bolted or screwed arms unscrewed, to enable it 
to be stowed below, and when required it could l)e speedily fitted for 
use. This would reauire, for working it, a fish davit of sufficient 
length to clear the siae, with a gin block capable of taking the chain. 

6th. It is ro^rded as desirable, if not absolutely necessary, that the 
means of heaving the lead in a seaway should be provided, and of the 
highest importance that the soundings can be obtained when under the 
fire of the enemy. 

7th. When the vessel is prepared for action, the galley pipe is 
removed, and as this is necessarily the case in the presence of an enemv, 
difficulty in cooking food for the men is experienced. As this niaj'^ be 
the case for a considerable length of time, it is suggested that the galley 
smoke pipe should be run into the smoke stack below deck. This would 
make it necessary to change the place of the galley to an after coal 
bunker^erhaps, and to supply it with proper ventilation. 

8th. Tjie liaoility of the turret to cease to revolve after receiving 
heavy blows has given us much solicitude. Other damages from the 
same cause have been received, tending to destroy our aggressive 
power, as breaking the inside ring which supports the end of the gun 
rails, thus allowing them to settle and disabling the gun. In another 
case a blow on the turret jammed a port stopper, preventing entirely 
the me of the gun during the action. 



SOUTH ATLAOTIC BLOGKADING SQUADRON. 215 



A few small slits in the turret to enable the officer fighting the guns 
to see the horizon at different points would do much to render the fire 
quicker tiian at present. If the space admitted it, a means of passing 
ammunition without the necessity of laying the turret on particular 
angles, and of communicating by voice and otherwise with the turret 
chamber from the pilot house, without making noise and delay, would 
render the fire quicker and passing orders far less liable to mistake. 

9th. The sightholes of the pilot house do not give the view actually 
necessary to judge of distances, observe the effect of the fire, make a 
proper reconnoissance, or to maneuver with other vessels under fire. 
Narrow horizontal slits, sufficient in length to give an extended view 
over considerable arcs, appear necessary to these objects. 

10th. The deck plating should be thicker and the top of the turret 
and of the pilot house stronger than at present. 

11th. The great loss of speed to iron vessels in salt water from foul- 
ing the bottom is well known. Already these vessels have little more 
than half the speed, with the same number of revolutions, that they had 
when put in conmiission. 

12th. In regard to the armament, we speak with more diffidence. At 
a distance of about 800 yards, thought necessary for effective practice 
against brickwork, we found the vessels liable to such injuries as 
would in a short time disable them. Indeed, a part of them were ren- 
dered unserviceable for the time. 

The average time required to load, point, and fire the XV-inch gun 
in action does not vary much from seven minutes; it must be remem- 
bered that this controls the fire of the lighter piece, or, if that be fired 
of tener, it retards further the slow firing of the heavy gun. We regard 
a smaller caliber with a larger proportionate charge of powder as 
desirable, at least when used against brickwork or stone. 

13th. The gun carriage is easily worked, but quite liable to get out 
of order; nor do we suppose it possible in a seaway to work the guns 
with the present arrangements, even bearing in mind Mr. Ericsson's 
suggestion that it was expected that under such circumstances the guns 
should be laid fore and aft. 

14th. It is said that decks of logs, to be covered with one-half inch 
plate iron, are now being fitted for these vessels, without the intention 
of cutting openings (to be taken out when deemed desirable) over the 
air ports or the hatches. If such is the case, we do not doubt the 
result will be most unfortunate, involving the loss of life and of health 
to those serving on board. 

15th. Bulwarks of boiler iron, sufficiently thick to protect from rifle 
shots, appear to be necessary when these vessels are engaged on rivers 
whose banks furnish ambuscades; without them the crews would be 
confined below and suffer the inevitable consequence of the loss of 
health; or, if allowed to come on deck, without effecting an object, 
many would fall victims to the fire of sharpshootei-s. 

We have confined ourselves to indicating such points as appear to us 
worthy of consideration; in relation to the remedies, no doubt a diver- 
sity of opinion must exist. 

In relation to the qualities of the vessels, we would remark that 
they have been exaggerated into vessels capable of keeping the seas, and 
making lon^ voyages alone. Some of us have been m heavy gales in 
them, and^ mdeed, from the amount of water in them, have had grave 
apprehensions of their loss. A gale of wind is by no means fre,^tto\xv 
9pprehensiOi}« evea when the material is new ana beioret^i^N^^W^ 



216 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING 8QUADB0N. 



been weakened bv working in a seaway; the strength of material must 
always be severely tested m rough weather by the overhangs and the 
submerged guards. If a leak is sprung from this cause a veiy short 
time will elapse before the vessel goes down. Before the wind, in a 
heavy sea, these vessels are comparatively very easy; if caught near a 
lee shore in a heavy gale, even in tow of a powerful steamer, their loss 
would be almost a certainty. 

When employed against vessels of any class known to us, in smooth 
harbors, they will hardly fail to be in the highest degree effective, and 
when their bottoms are clean would prove powerful rams against ves- 
sels of low velocity, or against vessels of greater velocity when embar- 
rassed in intricate and narrow channels. 

Possessing the advantage of a secure harbor, and choosing the time 
of exit, these vessels can, in our opinion, greatly harass a blockading 
force, making it necessary for wooden vessels to withdraw to such 
distances from the entrances of the harbors, especially after night, as 
would make the blockade very ineffective against the entrance of 
steamers. 

We have the honor to be, very respectfully, your obedient servants, 

John Rodgebs, 
Captain Weehmok 
Dan'l Ammen, 
Commmvdet Patapsco. 

Geo. W. Uodgers, 
Commander Catskill. 
D. M. Fairfax, 
Commander NaMucket. 
John Downes, 
Commander Nahant. 

Monia%ic 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of the Ndvy^ Washington^ D, C 



Report of Commodore Turner. U. S. Natyy^ transmitting report of 
Cotnmaiidei* Almy^ U. S. ifavy^ regarding the rescue of a party 
of contrabands from BvlVs Bay^ South Carolina, 

U. S. S. New Ironsides, 
Off Charleston^ S. C, May 25, 186S. 
Admiral: I have the honor herewith to enclose you a letter from 
Captain Almy on the subject of a party of contrabands. 

1 have allowed him to retain five of the men, who are not connected 
by any ties of relationship to the remainder of the party. 

The remaining 8, consisting of 2 men, 3 women, and 3 children, I 
send down to Port Royal. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

T. Turner, 
Comm4)dore. 

Rear- Admiral S. F. Du Pont, 

Commanding Scmth Atlantic Blockading Squadron. 

P. S. — Captain Almy informs me, upon the authority of these con- 
trabands, that there are no soldiers, fortifications, nor vessels at Bull's 
Bay. T. T, 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOOKADING SQUADRON. 217 



[EnclosuFC.] 

U. S. S. South Carolina, 
OffBvUh Bay, S. May 25, 1863. 

Sib: Yesterday (Sunday), observing a party upon Bull's Island Beach 
resembling ncH^oes, at the distance which we were, 2i miles, men, 
women, and children, with a piece of white cloth flying, I directed 
two boats to be manned and armed and sent them in under command of 
the executive officer, Acting Master Magune, with orders to approach 
with caution and reconnoiter. At the same time I weighed ancnor and 
stood in as n^ar as the depth of water (3 fathoms) would safely per- 
mit, and anchored to cover the landing of the boats, as the enemy are 
frequently lurking about on Bull's Island. 

iJpon approaching the beach and the party Mr. Magune ascertained 
that they were, as at first surmised, a party of runaway slaves, contra- 
bands, who were taken into the boats and brought on board of the 
steamer. They comprised thirteen all told, men, women, and children, 
and represent themselves from different plantations in Christ Church 
Parish in this vicinity. 

In thus rescuing these persons from slavery and bringing them on 
board of a Unitea States Federal vessel is, I consider, carrying out the 
spirit of the President's proclamation of January 1, 1863, and I trust 
that it will meet with the approbation of the admiral. 

Five of the number I nnd can be made useful on board of this 
steamer, and have retained them, as she is short of her complement. 
The others I have put on board of the Lodona, which is the nearest 
vessel, and in sight of my station, and shall immediately return there 
as you deem it of importance that the blockading vessel guarding 
BuU^'s Bay should not be absent from there longer tnan necessary. 

In compliance with your order, I herewith enclose the weekly 
account and expenditure of coal for this, Monday, May 25. 
Very i-espectfuUy, your obedient servant, 

John J. Almy, 

Commander. 

Commodore Thomas Turner, U. S. Navy, 

Senior officer off Charleston, 



Letter from, the Secretary of the Navy to Chief Engineer Stiniers, U. S. 
Navy, requ&diny informxitio7i regaraing deck plates sent for monitors. 

Navy Department, May ^5, 1863, 
Sir: Rear- Admiral Du Pont reports that four steamers are at Port 
Royal with iron plates to cover the decks of the monitors, and that he 
is advised that these vessels will not cany these decks at sea; that the 
foreman who came to lay the plates says he was not instructed to cut 
holes over the present air scuttles, and is of the impression that it was 
not intended to be done. Rear- Admiral Du Pont says that if those are 
closed, great suffering and much increased sickness at this season of the 
year must follow, even supposing that the men can live below at all. 

Please inform the Department what steamers these are, the arrange- 
ments that have been made for their charter, etc., and furnish such 



218 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 

other information as may be necessary to a clear understanding of the 
whole matter. 

Very respectfully, etc., 

Gideon Welles. 

Secretary qftne Navy. 
Chief Engineer A. C. Stimers, U. S. Navy, 

New York. 



Letter from Rear- Admiral Du Pont^ U* S. Navy ^ ' to Mc^or- General 
Hunter^ U, S. Ariny^ regarding request of the latter far the coopera- 
tion of a gunboat, 

Flaoship ^Tabash 
Port Royal Harbor, S. (7., May iW, 1863. 
General: Colonel Barton applied to me in your name last week for 
a gunboat to accompan}' a military expedition. I had none tiien at my 
disposal, but promised the colonel to let you know when the Paul 
Jones, Commander Rhind, would be repaired, and to give you, if I 
could, a day's notice. 
I think she will be ready for service on Friday morning. 
I have the honor to be, general, respectfully, etc., 

S. F. Du Pont, 

Rear'Ad7ntral. 

Major-General D. Hunter, 

Commanding Department oftlie South. 



Letter from Rear- Admiral Du Poiit, U, S, Navy, to the Secretary of 
the Navy, requesting additional engineers. 

No. 270. J Flagship Wabash, 

Port R(yyal Harbor, S. C, May «1, 1863. 
Sir: As we arc still in want of engineers in this sauadron, may I 
ask the Department to send, if possible, five acting thira assistant engi- 
neers to Port Royal. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

S. F. Du Pont, 
Rear-Admiral, Comdg. South Atla7itic Blockading Squadron. 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of the Navy, Washington, D. C. 



Report of Rear- Admiral Du Pont, U. S. Navy, referring to the sug- 
gestion of Acting Lieutenant Conover, U. S. Navy, regarding method 
of attack upon ilie defenses of Charleston, S. C. 

No. 271.] Flagship Wabash, 

Port Royal Harbor, S. G., May 98, 1863. 
Sir: I have the honor to acknowledge the Department's dispatch of 
May 15, enclosing a copy of a letter* from Acting Lieutenant Conover 
in reference to the defenses of the city of Charleston. 

*See series 1, vol. 13, p. 566. 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 219 



Lieutenant-CoiDinandeT Bacon, of the Commodore McDonmigh^ 
reported to me shortly after the capture of the Imac Smith the result 
of the reconnoissance up the Stono River spoken of bv Lieutenant 
Conover. The depth of water found at the mouth of \^ appoo Creek 
at low water was 2 feet and the rise and fall of the tide i\ to 7 feet, 
^ving the greatest depth at hi^h tide from 8 to \) feet. 

The Isaac Smith, one of the lightest-draft gunboats in the squadron, 
with a formidable battery, drawing about 9 feet, and, as Lieutonant- 
Comniander Bacon informs me, her captora took four daj's to get the 
vessel tibrough this cut, taking out her guns and lightening her in 
every way. 

Lieutenant Conover in recommending the attack on Fort Pemberton 
by ironclads could not have been aware that none of the monitors, 
owing to their draft, can ci*oss Stono Bar. 

All operations in Stono River can only be conducted by wooden 
ganboate. 

Very i-espectfully, your obedient servant, 

S. F. Du Pont, 
Rear- Admiral, Comdg. South Atlantic Block<iding Squadroti. 
Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of the Navy, Washington, D. C. 



Order of the Secretary of the Navy to Rear-Admiral Gregory, U. S, 
Navy^ urging expedition in the work xipan vessels under his direction. 

Navy Department, May 29, 1863. 
Sib: The De{)artment desires you to use every possible exertion to 
add the alterations agreed upon to those monitor vessels now afloat 
at Port Roval and Hampton Roads, as none of them will be sent north; 
also to pusn the Passaic to completion with the utmost dispatch. The 
Onondaga should also receive special attention. 
Inform the Department what steamei-s with plates are at Port Royal. 
Very respectfully, etc., 

Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of the Navy. 

Rear- Admiral F. H. Gregory, U. S. Navy, 

New Yo7*k. 



Order of Rear- Admiral Da Pont, U. S. Navy, to Lfeiite7mnt' Com- 
mander Quakenbush, U. S. Nam/, commanding U. S. S. Unadilla. 

Flagship Wabash, 
Pcrrt Royal ITarhor, S. C, May 29, 1863. 
Sir: You will proceed with the Unadilla under your command, 
when ready for sea, off Charleston and report for blockading duty to 
Commodore T. Turner, senior oflicer present. 
Respectfully, etc., 

S. F. Du Pont, 

Rear-Admiral. 

Lieutenant-Commander S. P. Quagkexbush, 

U. S. S. Unudilla. 



220 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 

Capture of the sloop Evening Star hy the U. S. S. Cimarron^ in War- 
saw Sounds Georgia^ May 29^ 1863. 

Beport of Commander Drake, V. S. Nayy, oommanding U. S. S. Cimarron. 

U. S. S. Cimarron, 
WassoAD Sounds Geo7*gia^ May ^5, 1863. 
Sir: I have the honor to report that a little after daylight this morn- 
ing, a small sloop was discovered standing down Wassaw Sound, 
which soon after hoisted a flag of truce, when I sent a boat to com- 
municate. On the sloop's coming to the ship, she proved to be the 
Evening Star^ with a crew of three white men, viz, W. C. Inffraham, 
F. W. kose, and Frank Schwearen, and laden with 9 bales of cotton. 
The accompanying papers were banded me by F, W. Rose, who claims 
to be the master of the sloop. 

I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

A. J. Drake, 

Commander^ U. S. Navy^ Commanding U. S. S. Cimarron. 

Rear- Admiral S. F. Du Pont, 

Comnumdirvg South AtUmtic Blockading Squadron. 



Report of Rear- Admiral Da Pont, V. S. Nayy. 

No. 314.] Flagship Wabash, 

Part Royal Harbor^ S. C, Juns 16, 1863. 
Sir: 1 have the honor to inform the Department that on the morn- 
ing of the 29th May the sloop Evening Star was captuied by the 
U. S. S. Cimarron^ Commander A. J. Drake, under the following cir- 
cumstances: 

A little after davlight the sloop was discovered standing down 
Wassaw Sound, and soon after she hoisted a white flag, when Com- 
mander Drake sent a boat to communicate with her. When the sloop 
was brought to the ship, she proved to be the Evening Star, a sloop 
of 3 tons, with a crew of three white men, viz, W. C. Ingraham, 
F. W. Rose, and F. Schwearen, and laden witii 9 bales of cotton. 

By her official papers it appears that she is of Confederate build and 
cleared from Savannah for Nassau, [New Providence], with cotton, 
and that W. C. Ingraham is the master, though F, W. Rose now claims 
to be the master. 

The sloop was brought to Port Royal, when, after surveying, she 
was condemned as unfit to go north, an(i her cargo of cotton consisting, 
according to that survey, of 4 full bales, 3 parts of bales, and 3i bales 
of loose cotton, was transshipped to the schooner Simvson, bound to 
New York. The survey is herewith enclosed (marked No. 1). 

Besides the cotton found on board the Evening Star are 2 other 
bales, which were picked up by the Cimarron in Wassaw shortly 
before and which have also been transferred to the Simpson. 

The cargo goes north in charge oi Acting Master's Mate Thomas 
Newton, of the Ciinarron. Among the papers is a certificate from the 
Prussian consulate in Charleston that the man Schwearen is a Prussian. 
There are also a number of private letters, ail of which have been sent 
to the prize conuuissioners, New York. 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 221 

W.^ C. Ingraham, who in the papers is named as master of the 
Evening Star^ went north in the Stmpson. The other two were sent 
to Philadelphia in the U. S. S. Massdehusetts. 

A prize list of the officers and men of the Cimmron is herewith 
enclc^ed (marked No. 1). 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

S. F. Du Pont, 
Rmr- Admiral^ Comdg. South Atlantic Blockading Squadrwi. 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of the Navy^ Washington^ D. C. 



Beport of a board of aurvey on the prise. 

U. S. Ship Valparaiso, 
Port Royal Harbor, S. C, June 9, 1863. 
•Sib: In obedience to your orders of the 8th instant, we have held a 
strict and careful survey upon the prize sloop Evening Star, captured 
by the U. S. S. Oirnarron^ and the feasibility of sending her north, 
and beg leave to report as follows: That we find her leaking very badljr, 
her saus verv poor, and in an unseaworthy condition; also that we esti- 
mate her full value of hull, tackle, and furniture at $10.00 [sic]. Her 
cargo consists of 4 full bales of cotton, 3 parts of bales, and 3i bales of 
loose cotton, all damaged by water. 

We have the honor to be, very respectfully, your obedient servants, 

A. S. Gardner, 

Acting Master, 
John W. Godfrey, 

Actifig Master. 
John Blitz, 

Acting Ensign. 

Bear- Admiral S. F. Du Pont, 

Commanding South AHaiitic Blockading Squadron, 



Order of Rear- Admiral Ihi Pont^ U. S. Navy^ to Commodore Turner, 
U. S, ^^V^wn/i regarding thedisposition of pmes captured off Charles- 
ton and official papers connected therewith. 

Flagship Wabash, 
Port Royal Harbor, S. C, May SO, 1863. 

Sib: The cargoes of the sloops Routereau and Secesh were trans- 
shipped to the schooner W. F. Garrison, bound to Philadelphia, in 
charge of Acting Master's Mate Boardman, of the Powhatan. The 
schooner has sai Fed. 

1 have observed that certain prizes have been sent here, while prize 
lists and other official papers have apparently been forwarded directly 
to the Department. This will lead to great confusion, and to prevent 
the same you wUl hereafter send all prizes taken off Charleston to Port 
Boral and all official communications connected therewith. 

1 ou will please forward copies of all general orders or directions 
given by you or by Captain Godon to the vessels blockading off 



222 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



Charleston with regard to their stations on the blockade and their 
duties when signals are made of a vessel attempting to run the block- 
ade. I desire all to be informed of the system of signals now used by 
the blockading vessels after nightfall. 

You will also please let me know the position of the vessels on the 
Ist and 16th of oa^»,h month, as I am, by an order from the Department, 
directed at those times to report the position of all the vessels of my 
squadron. 

Respectfully, etc., 

S. F. Du Pont, 

Eear-Admiral. 

Commodore T. Turner, 

U. S. S. New Ironsides^ off CharUstmi. 



Order of Rear- Admiral Du Pont^ U. S. JVavy^ to Commander Rhind^ 
U. S. Namf^ commanding U. S. S. Paul Jones , to assiDne the charge 
of the blockade of St. SimoiCs Sound and adjacent waters. 

Flagship Wabash, 
Port Royal ITai^or^ S. (7., 3fay 30, 1863. 
Sir: You will please proceed with the Pavl Jones under your com- 
mand to St. Simon's and take charge of the blockade of that sound and 
the adjacent waters, relieving Commander Le Roy, who will give you 
such information as his experience may suggest. 

You will, on your way aown, touch at l^pelo, communicating with 
the blockading vessel stationed there. 
Respectfully, etc. 

S. F. Du Pont, 

Rear-AdminU. 

Commander A. C. Rhind, 

U. S. S. Pavl Jones, Part Royal. 



Report of Commander Bryson, U. S. Navy, regardiitg Confederate 
officers at Nassau, New Providence, await my passage to England to 
office!* vessels under construction. 

U. S.. Gunboat Chippewa, 
Port Royal, S. C, May 31, 1863. 
Sir: I respectfully inform you that whilst at Nassau, [New Provi- 
dence], the United States consul, Mr. Hawlcy, made a short visit to the 
Chippeica simply to inform me that the blockade runners, instead of 
takmg the old track from Abaco direct to Nassau, now run down to (or 
to leeward of) Egg Island, and so keep the land along until they reach 
Nassau. I have no recollection of his mentioning to me that there 
were twenty (or anv number of) rebel officers at Nassau awaiting a 
passage to England to take command of ironclads or other vessels. 
Lieutenant Philip, the executive officer of this vessel, was sent on 
shore by me to deliver our consul a dispatch, and he informed me that 
while on shore he was told by (he believes) the agent for the New 
York Board of Underwriters that twenty -six passengers arrived at 
Nassau a short time before the arrival of the Chippewa^ and that 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 223 

twenty-four of the number were officers awaiting passage to England 
to officer gunboats now building in the latter place. 
I am, respectfully, your obedient servant, 

A. Brtson, 

Com/mander. 

Bear- Admiral S. F. Du Pont, 

Ccmdg. South AtUmtic Blockadvng Sqyuxdrcm^ Port Royal^ S. C, 



OoopercUion of naval vessds with the a/rmy m a reconnoissance of James 
Island, South Carolina, May 31, 1863. 

Btport of Oommandor Baleh, V. S. Nayy, oommaxiding U. 8. 8. Pawnee. 

U. S. Steam Sloop Pawnee, 
Stono Irdet, South Carolina, Jun^ 2, 1863. 

Sir: I have the honor to report that General Vogdes, commanding 
the troops here, applied to me to cooperate with him in landing a force 
of some 300 men on James Island. This I assented to most readily, 
and making a detail of officers and men from the vessels under my com- 
mand, I dispatched them on the morning of the 31st Ma}', at la. m., 
to the apDomted rendezvous, directing Acting Lieutenant Commanding 
Brodheaa to proceed in the E. B. Hale up the creek toward Secession- 
ville as far as he could go with safety to nis vessel and cover the land- 
ing, as also to prevent an approach by the enemy from Secession ville, 
the C. P. WuUams, Acting Master Freeman, being at anchor off 
the White House, on Folly Mand, and in range of the road by which 
the enemy must come should he attack our forces on James Island. 

At die proper hour I proceeded in the Pawnee up the Stono above 
L^^ar^vilfe, where our troops were to come, that I might protect them 
against an attack and also to assist in embarking the troops. 

The landing was successfully accomplished and the reconnoissance 
made, our forces meeting with no opposition, and they were embarked 
at 9 a. m. and returned to their camps without a casualty of any kind. 

I remained with the Pawnee at anchor till nearly 1 p. m., and then 
returned to my former anchorage. 

I deem it proper to state that we could discover but little signs of 
life on James Island, and I still entertain the opinion that the present 
would be a most auspicious time to attack the enemy by way of the 
Stono and James Island. 

I desire to bear my testimony to the zeal and jud^ent evinced by 
Acting Lieutenant (Commanding Brodhead and Acting Master Free- 
man, their officers and crew, as also to my own officers and crew. 

I have the honor to repoH all quiet in the Stono. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

Geo. B. Balch, 
Commander and Senior Officer Pi*eseiist. 

Rear-Admiral S. F. Du Pont, 

Oomdg. South Atlantic Blockading Squadron, Port Royal. S. C. 

N W B — VOL 14 15 



224 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADBOK. 



Beport of Colonel Simonton, C. 8. Army, oommanding Twon^-fiflh flouth flamHiift laflutiy. 

Hdqrs. First Subdivision First Miutabt District, 

Secessionville, May 31^ 1863. 

Captain: I have the honor to report that this morning, about 10 
minutes after 4 o'clock a. m., a small party of the enemy, numbering 
about 200 at the most, effected a landing on James Island at the upper 
causeway, nearly opposite and against Legar^'s house. Lieutenant 
Lancaster, of the cavalry picket, as soon as the alarm was gfiven, col- 
lected his picket and advanced to meet them. He was between them 
and Battery Island. He found them around Leearfi's house. As soon 
as they discovered him they advanced in his direction, attempting to 
outflank him. He fell back to the otuseway between Grimball's and 
Battery Island, and there, protecting his flank, took position. The 
enemy ceased advancing upon him, and as he in turn advanced on 
them they retreated toward Battery Island. Some of the party 
escaped in boats toward Folly River, through Schooner Creek, and 
the rest went to Battery Island, where they were taken off by a 
steamer in Stono. During this retreat the enemy shelled our men 
and fired grape from a gunboat in Schooner Creek as well as from 
a battery on Follv Island. The cavalry pickets were, at first ten in 
number, increased to 18. 

As soon as the news was sent to me I at once sent forward four 
companies of Twenty-fifth Regiment, under Major Glover, With orders 
to engage the enemy in front, and at the same time sent Major Abney 
with nis battalion around through the wood in front of Grimball's, 
with instructions to proceed along the causeway from GrimbalPs to 
Battery Island and there attack the enemy on the flank and rear. My 
object was to cut off their retreat to Battery Island. My orders were 
promptly obeyed, but the bird had flown. The skirmishers from both 
parties sent out by me met at the old house nearest to Battery Island, 
and then drove down to Battery Island, finding none of the enemv. 
Nearly every man had left Battery Island. A large gunboat (tne 
Pawnee) lying above Battery Island commanded every approach to it 

This expedition of the enemy removes all fear of our supposed bat- 
teries on btono, and no doubt we will have visits from them often. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

Charles H. Simonton, 

Colond^ C(mm4md4ng. 

Captain W. F. Nance, 

Aaaiataiit Adjutant- General, 



Beport of Rear- Adm iral Du Pont^ U* S. Navy^ gwing the staiums of 

vessels on the hlockade. 

No. 272.] Flaoship Wabash, 

Port Rryyal Harbor, S. CI, Jtme J, 1863. 

Sir: I have the honor to report to the Department the following 
positions on blockade of the vessels of this squadron: 

Off Murrell's Inlet, U. S. S. Flamheau. 

At Georgetown, IJ. S. S. Conemavgh, 

Off BuU^ Bay, U. S. S. South CarolUm. 



SOUTH ATLANnO BLOOKADING SQUADRON. 225 

Oflf Charleston, U. S. steamers Nmo Iro7h8i(ies^ Canandaigxia^ Iloma- 
tonic^ Pdwhatan^ Hag^ Augusta^ James Adger^ Sebago^ Lod/rna^ Una- 
diUa^ Marblehead^ Ottawa^ Stettin^ Dandelion^ and schooner Norfolk 
I^BuAet. . .mA .Jr.*. 

In StonoiiilJet, U. S. steamers Pcmnee and K B. Hah and schooner 
C. P. Wmiams. 

In North Edisto, U. S. ironclads Patapsco, CatakiU^ Montauk^ 
Nahant^ and Ncmtwcket. 

In St. Helena. U. S. bark Eirigfisher. 
In Wassaw, U. S. S. Cimarron. 
In Ossabaw, U. S. S. Dawn, 

Gnardinjz St Oatherine^s, Sapelo, Doboy, and St. Simon's, U. S. 
steamers PavL Jones^ Potomska^ Madgie^ and bark Femandina. 
In St. Andrew's, U. S. bark Midmgkt. 
At Femandina, U. S. S. Mohawk. 
In St. John's, IJ. S. steamers Norwich and Uncos. 
In Port Boyal, Fli^hip Wabash; storeships Vermont and Valparaiso; 
ironclad WeeKawken; undergoing repairs and taking in stoi'es, Chip- 
^py a, HvTon^ Wtsmhickon^ Comm/oaore McDono\iq\ Keystone State^ 
Wamsuttaj bark Braziliera^ tugs Oleander^ Dajfodil^ 6. M. Pettit^ 
Se^cue^ CblumMne, and dispatch vessel Hope. 
As guard ship, rort Royal Harbor, U. S. mortar schooner Para. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

S. F. Du Pont, 
Rmt- Admiral^ Comdg^ South Atlantic Blockading Squadron. 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secretofry of the Navy^ Washington ^ D. C. 



lUport of Commander Ammen^ U. S. Navy^ cominandinq U. S. S. 
Patapsoo^ regarding affairs at North JEdisto, S. 6\ 

Ironclad Patapsco, 
North Edisto, S- June 1, 1863. 
Sn: Nothing of interest has occurred at this point since my note of 
the 18th ultimo. 

This morning, 5n turning the turret, we broke one of the cogs of the 

Kinion wheel. We are now endeavoring to repair it, and trust we will 
e able to do so effectively. 

On the 25th ultimo the Dandelion came from Charleston to coal, and 
received 20 tons from the Sehqgo. 

On the 30th the coal scEooner M. A. Schindler arrived. The Sehago 
has coaled, and we are doing so with all dispatch. The Sebago had 
just finished coaling when your order was received, and will proceed 
without delay to Charleston. 

The Prometheus has arrived and reported verbally to me. 

The precarious condition of a fireman on board of the Catskill in- 
duced me to direct the stopping in of the Oleander as she returned 
from Georgetown, in order to forward him and several other invalids 
to the Vermxmt. 

I have suffered much for the past three months from rheumatism. 
By advice of the assistant surgeon, I ask a medical survey on myself. 
loA has recently received instructions which direct that commanding 



226 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADBOK. 

officers shall ask surveys and not medical officers, as has heretofore 
been the case with us. 

I have the honor to be, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

Danl. Ammen, 

CimimandeT. 

Rear- Admiral Saml. F. Du Pont, 

Commanding South Atlantic Blockading Sqvadron. 



Order of Rear- Admiral Du Pont^ U. S. Namf^ to Acting Volunteer 
Lieutenant Budd^ U, S. Navy^ comm/mdvng the U. S. S. Potamsho^ 
to proceed to JPernandina^ Fl<i, 

Flagship Wabash, 
P(yrt Royal Harbor^ S. (7., June 1, 186S. 
Sir: On being relieved by the Wamsutta^ Acting Volunteer Lieu- 
tenant J. W. Kittredge, you will proceed with the Potomska under 
3'our command to Fernandina and relieve the Mohawk^ Commander 
A. K. Hughes, in the blockade of that place. 

You will, on your way down, stop m at St. Simon's and inform 
Commander Rhind, of the Paul Jones^ that you have been relieved by 
the Wammdta. 

Respectfully, etc., 

S. F. Du Pont, 

Rear-Admiral. 

Acting Volunteer Lieutenant W. Budd, 

U. S. S. Potomaka^ Sapelo. 



Order of Rear- Admiral Du Pont. TJ. S. Navy^ to Communder Hughes^ 
IL S. Nam^ commandvng the U. S. S. Mohawk, to proceed to Port 
Royal, S. C. 

Flagship Wabash, 
Port Royal Harbor^ 8. June U 1S6S. 
Sir: On being relieved by the Potomska^ Acting Volunteer Lieuten- 
ant W. Budd, you will proceed with th^Mohmok under your command 
to Port Royal. 

You will give Lieutenant Budd any information concerning the 
blockade which your experience may dictate. 
Respectfully, etc., 

S. F. Du Pont, 

Rear-Admiral. 

Commander A. K. Hughes, 

U. S. S. Mohawk, Fernandina. 



Order of Rear-Adtniral Die Pont, JJ. S. Niwy. to Captain Oreen^ 
U. S. Navy^ conwiawdiiig the U. S. S. Canandaiguaj regarding the 
tranitinission of official reports upon prizes. 

Flagship Wabash, 
Port Royal Harbor, S. C.^ June i, 1^3. 
Sir: I received j'^our letter of the 16th ultimo, relating to the cap- 
ture of the Secesh^ with its enclosures. 



r 



SOUTH AlXANnC BLOOKABma SQUABBOlff. 



I forwarded tf> the Department with my report thut of yours relat- 
iiij^ to the capture, ei*asing, however, from the list of veijiiiels block- 
ading off Charlejfton, given iu your communieation, the Ainenca and 
Blunt,, both of which were at the North at the time of the capture. 
No prize list of the Canandiiigita ha?* bet^n received. 

When prizes taken off Charleston are »ciit to Port Royal all official 
communications should be forwarded through me; otherwi.se much 
confuaion may result, as in all such cases I am also obliged to report 
to the Department the dispoHition made of the prizes after they arrive 
here. 

The persons of those taken on board should be searched, a.^ they 
have concealed about them valuable papers, which, if discovered, 
would lead to the condemnation of the ves^sel, but ^reat aire should be 
taken in the exercise of this right, in order to avoid, if possible, giv- 
ing offense, especially toward passengers on neutral vessels. 
Respectfully, etc*, 

*^ a F. Du POKT, 

C&ptain J. F. Green, 

V, S. &\ Cmmjidaigvu^ of Cfmrl^stmi. 



Semrt of Acting Mmt^ Moses^ S, iVWy, commanding IL hark 
m FernmuHna^^ regardijig information received fnmt mntrahandis of 
affavra mar Dari^n^ Qa* 

U. S. S. Fernandina, 

Diinjy So'mid^ Gvm'giit, June U 
Sir: 1 send you some information that was obtained from two con- 
trabands that escaped out of the Altamaha River, near Darien, one day 
h^i week. 

They state that the rebels are cotton-cladding three steamers near 
Diirien, prepamtory to making an attack in this vieinitv; there ia no 
doubt but ym^t this can be rehcd upon* 1 am aware ttej have two 
steamers in that river previous to this. Also a contmband escaped 
from Darien four days since, arriving at the ship yesterday. He 
states that a company of twenty *flve men have been at work near 
Darien, undercharge of one Daniel Bishope, a Northern man^ making 
some 90 bushels of salt per day. They keep three picket guards, 
numbering live men ejich, stationed at Harris Neck, near the ridge 
and South Newport* This guard can easily be surprised* The main 
force is at Souta Newport River, numl>ering i250* Two men by the 
names of Hopkins and Braidsfoot were in charge of them up to the last 
that he had heard. 

The schooner we watc^hed for, sunk near Darien, since has been 
raised and her cargo of cotton taken out and is now on the wharf at 
Darien; the schooner is also near there. There were five in the boat 
that attempted to escape out of the Altamaha, but three weredi-owned 
before they reached this side. 1 think this infomattan m correct and 
can be relied upon. 

Very respectfully, your obedieut servant, 

EwD. Moses, 

Commander Wm, Le Rot, 

Cdmmcmdmff U* S, S* Keyatmie Staie^ 




228 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOOKADnfG SQUADBOK. 

Order of Rear- Admiral Du Pont^ U. S. Nmy^ to Lieutenant' Com- 
7)ia7idef* Stevens^ U, S, Na/oy^ commarvding thg U. S. S. Huro7i. 

F14AGSHIP Wabash, 
P(yrt Royal Harbor, S. C, June Sj 1863. 
Sir: You will please proceed with the Huron under your command 
off Charleston and report for blockading duty to Commodore T. Tur- 
ner, senior officer present. 
Respectfully, etc., 

S. F. Du Pont, 

Rear- Admiral, 

Lieutenant-Commander G. A. Stevens, 

U. S. JS. Huron, Port Royal, 



Order of Rear-Adrnxiral' Ihi Pont, U. S. Navy, to Commodore Turner^ 
U. S. Navy, cormnanding the U. S. 8. Neto Ironsides^ reganrding 
pilots for BuWh Bay, South Carolina. 

Flagship Wabash, 
Port Royal Harbor, S. C, Jwne S, 1863. 
Sir: In answer to Commander Almy's request for a pilot for Bull's 
Bay, enclosed in your letter of the 21st ultimo, I desire to refer you to 
my communication to you of February 9, in which 1 mentionea that^ 
''two contrabands, Nelson Anderson and Thomas Mendigo, on board* 
* the Lodona, are pilots for Bull's Bay. When the Lodona leaves t^t 
station you will please have them transferred, with their accounts, to 
the blockading ship which takes her place." 

These contrabands, if not on the Lodona, are on board some vessel 
off Charleston. When found, please have them transferred to the 
blockading vessel off Bull's Bay. 
Respectfully, etc., 

S. F. Du Pont, 

Rear-Adrnvral. 

Commodore T. Turner, 

U. S. /S. New Ironsides, off Charleston. 



Report of Rear- Admiral Du Pont, U. 8. Navy, of the arrival of ves- 
sels at Port Royal. 

No. 274.] Flagship Wabash, 

Port Royal Harbor, 8. C, June J?, iSSS. 
Sir: I have the honor to report to the Department the arrival here 
on the 30th ultimo of the U. S. S. Chippewa^ Commander Andrew 
Bryson, and on the 1st instant of the U. S. S. Wi»sahichon^ Lieuten- 
ant-Commander J. L. Davis. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

S. F. Du Pont, 
Rear- Admiral, Comdg. 8outh Atlantic Blockading Squadron. 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of the JVflwy, Washington, D. C. 



SOUTH ATLAHTIO BLOCKADINQ SQUADBON. 229 

Order of Commander Balchj U. S. J^avy, to Acting Master* % Mate 

U. S. Steam Sloop Pawnee, 
SUmo Inlet^ South Carolina^ June ^, 1863. 
Sm: Yoa will proceed in the schooner Francis L. Steele to Port 
Royal, S. C, and report to Bear- Admiral S. F. Du Pont, commanding 
Soath Atlantic Blockading Squadron. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

Geo. B. Balch, 
Commander and Senior Oficei* Presefnt. 

Acting Master's Mate John Gunn, 

XT. S. Schooner C. P. Ml^lliams. 



JReport of Rear-Achniral Du Pont^ U. S. Namy^ transmitting list of 
vesselsj etc.j available for use for purposes set forth iii tlie treaty of 
April 7^ 1863^ hetween Oreat Britain and the United States^ for the 
suppresaioT^ of the African slave trade. 

No. 876.] Flagship Wabash, 

P(yrt Royal Harbor, S. June 1863. 
Sib: I have the honor to acknowledge the Department's dispatch of 
May 4 transmitting thirty copies of the special warrant of the Depart- 
ment, issued in pursuance of the treaty between Great Britain and the 
United States, of April 7, 1863, for the suppression of the African 
slave trade. 

After a careful examination of the vessels now attached to this 
sauadron, and numbering fifty-five, I can only select twenty-four 
wnich in all possibility can ever be used for the purposes set forth in 
the treaty and which are commanded by regular officers in the Navy. 
In this selection I have not included the New Ironsides nor the 
monitors. 

I forward herewith, in accordance with the orders of the Depart- 
ment, a list showing the names of the vessels, their present armament, 
and tiie names of tne commanding officers to whom I have addressed 
warrants. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

S. F. Du Pont, 
Rear-Admiral., Comdg. South Atlantic Blockading Squadron. 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of the Navy ^ Washington^ D. C. 

[Enclosure.] 



Ve«el. 



Screw Msate Wftbash 

Side-wheel iteamer Pow 
taatan. 

Screw doop OuutndAlfiift . . 
Sciew doop HowAtonle.... 

Sciew doop Fft wnee 



Oommander. 



Comdr. Thot. Q. Corbln 

Gapt C. Steed man 

Capt J.F.Qreen 

Gapt. W.R.Taylor 

Comdr. G.B. Balch — 

Comdr.J.M. Duncan .. 



Armament. 



42 IX-lnch, 1 Xl-lnch. 1 8-inch rifle Pnrrott. 

1 80-pdr. rifle. 
15 IX-inch, 1 XI-inch,2 100-pdr. rifles. 

2 XMnch, 1 150-pdr. rifle, n -JO-pdr. rifles. 
1 XMnch,4 32-i>dr8.,l lOO-pdr. rifle. 8 30- 
pdr. rifles. 

8 IX-inch, 1 100-pdr. rifle. 1 fiO-pdr. Dahl- 

5 fX-inch, 2 24-pdr. howltxen, 1 100-pdr. 
rifle. 



230 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING 8QUADB0K. 



Vessel. 



Side-wheel steamer Paul 
Jones. 

Side-wheel steamer Ck>ne- 

maugh. 
Screw sloop Marblehead — 

Screw sloop Unadilla 

Screw sloop Ottawa 

Screw sloop Huron 

Screw sloop Chippewa 

Screw sloop Wisnahickon — 

Side-wheel steamer Key- 
stone State. 
Side- wheel steamer Augusta. 

Side-wheel steamer James 
Adger. 

Screw steamer Flag 

Screw steamer Flambeau 

Screw steamer Mohawk 

Screw steamer South Caro- 
lina. 

Side-wheel steamer Cimar- 
ron. 

Side-wheel steamer Commo- 
dore McDonough. 
Screw steamer Lodona 



Commander. 



Comdr. A. C. Rhind 

Comdr. R.W.Shufeldt 

Lieut. Comdr. R. W. Scott. . . 

Lieut. Comdr. S. P. Quack- 
enbush. 

Ueut. Comdr. W. D. Whit- 
ing. 

Lieut. Comdr. Q. A. Stevens. 

Comdr. Andrew Bryson 

Lieut. Comdr. J. L. Davis . . . 

Comdr. W.E.Le Roy 

Comdr. E. G. Parrott 

Comdr. T. H. Patterson 

Comdr. J. H. Strong 

Comdr. J. H. Upshur 

Comdr. A. K. Hughes 

Comdr.J.J.Almy 

Comdr. A. J. Drake 

Lieut. Comdr. Geo. Bacon . . 

Comdr. E. R. Colhoun 



Armament. 



1 Xl-inch, 2 IX-inch, 1 100-pdr. rifle, 2 50- 
pdr. Dahlgrens, 2 24-pdr. howitzers. 

1 XI-inch,4 IX-inch, 1 100-pdr. rifle, 2 24- 
pdr. howitzers. 

1 Xl-inch, 4 24-pdr. howitzers, 1 2a-pdr. 
rifle. 

1 Xl-inch, 4 24-pdr. howitzers, 1 2a-pdr. 
rifle. 

1150-pdr. rifle, 1 30-pdr. rifle, 2 a4-pdr. 

howitzers. 

1 IX-inch, 1 20-pdr. rifle, 2 24-pdr. howi^ 
zers. 

1 IX-inch, 1 20-pdr. Parrott rifle, 2 80-pdr. 
rifles. 

1 150-pdr. Parrot rifle, 1 20-pdr. rifle, 2 24- 
pdr. howitzers. 

6 Vlll-inch, 2 828of 57 cwt., 2 80-pdr. riflez, 
1 150-pdr. Dahlgren. 

1 100-pdr. Parrott, 2 ao-pdr. Parrott. 6 VUI- 
inch, 2 12-pdr. howitzers. 

1 IX-inch, C 82s, 1 20-pdr. Parrott. 

4 VIII-inch,2 80-pdr. rifles, 1 X-inch. 

2 80-pdr. rifles, 1 20-pdr. rifle, 2 24-pdr. 
howitzers. 

4 32s, 1 30-pdr. 

4 Vlll-inch, 2 82-pdrB., 1 80-pdr. rifle,! 24- 
pdr. howitzer. 

3 IX-inch, 1 100-pdr. rifle, 4 24-pdr. howit- 
zers. 

1 100-pdr. rifle, 1 IX-inch, 2 60-pdr. Dahl- 
gren, 2 24-pdr. howitzers. 

1 100-pdr., 1 80-pdr., 1 IX-inch, 2 24-pdr. 
howitzers. 



Order of the Secretary of the Nmy^ to Bear- Admiral Du Pontj U. S. 
Navy^ relieving him of the command of the South Atlantic Blockading 
Squadron. 

Navy Department, Jmie 5, 1863. 

Sir: Your dispatch No. 267,* under date of Majr 27, is received. I 
do not find in this nor in any communication received from you since 
the 7th of April any proposition for a renewed attack upon Charleston, 
or suggestions even for active operations against that place. No 
acknowledgment of the dispatch which the President made jointly to 
yourself and General Hunter has been received at this Department. 

The Government is unwilling to relinquish all further efforts upon 
a place that has been so conspicuous in this rebellion, and which con- 
tinues to stimulate treason and resistance to the Union and tJie Gov- 
ernment, and whose reduction is so essential. 1 regret that you do 
not concur in these views, for your long experience upon the coast, 
the prestige of your name, with your intelligence, or professed skill, 
and your past success, has induced me to hope that you would lead in 
this great measure, and that it might be the crowning achievement of 
a successful career. 

From the tone of your letters it appears that your judgment is in 
opposition to a renewed attack on Charleston, and in view of this fact, 
with your prolonged continuance on the blockade, the Department 
has concluded to relieve you of the command of the South Atlantic 
Squadron, and to order Rear- Admiral Foote in your place. 
Very respectfully, 



Rear- Admiral S. F. Du Pont, 

Fart Bot/al, S. 0. 



(jiDEON Welles, 
Secretary ofthe JVavy. 



*See p. 65. 



SOUTH ATLANTIO BLOCKADING SQUADBON. 281 

Report of Rear- Admiral Du Pont^ U. S. Navy^ that the U. S. S. 
Keyst^me State has been ordered to proceed to Plidaddphia for 
repairs. 

No. 284.] Flagship Wabash, 

Part Royal Harbor, S. Ju?ie 3, 1863. 
Sir: The Keystone State, since the attack on the 31st of January by 
the Charleston ironclads, has been unfit for outside blockading duty. 

She has been for four months stationed at St. Simon's, but as she 
needs extensive repairs in her hull I have ordered her to Philadelphia. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

S. F. Du Pont, 
Rear- Admiral, Comdg. South Atlantic Blockading Squadrmi, 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of the Navy, Washington, D, C. 



Report of Rear-Admiral Du Pont, U. S, Navy, regarding the strtie- 
tural defects in vessels under his commafid. 

No. 283.] Flagship Wabash, 

Port Royal. Harbor, S. C, June 3, 1863. 
Sib: I had the honor in a i)revious dispatch (No. 255, 1863) to report 
to the Department the necessity of increasing tne vessels in this squad- 
ron, in order to make the blockade more eflfective, particularly oflf 
Charleston. 

I desire now to call the attention of the Department to another 
important point in connection with the blockade of this coast. It has 
hitnerto b^n maintained by wooden vessels, many of which are of the 
most vulnerable character, but the time is approaching when they will 
be liable at any moment to be driven oflf by ironclads of the rebels 
from the harbors of Charleston and Savannah and, if reports speak 
true, by ironclads from abroad, 

To meet this serious diflSculty 1 have only one vessel which can do 
outside blockading dutv, and her commander expresses doubts of her 
abUitv to remain oflf Cnarleston in the hurricane season. The other 
ironclads, the monitors, and particularly in the coming hot season, are 
totallv unfit for this duty, Thev are not seagoing nor sea-keeping 
vessels. In even a slight sea the hatches must be battened down, and 
the efltect upon the crew, if continued for a brief period in hot weather, 
would be most deleterious; indeed, in such weather they are not habit- 
able; but in addition to this verv serious objection, the speed of these 
vessels, owing to the foulness of their bottoms, is so low that they are 
not onlv unfit to chase, but in a gale of wind could not keep them- 
selves from going ashore. Even in a strong tideway, owing to the 
deficiency or weakness of their ground tackling, they frequently get 
adrift. 

These vessels can maintain a blockade in inland waters, but the near- 
est point to Charleston where they can be placed is North Ekiisto. 

I nave, on diflferent occasions, referred to the qualities of these iron- 
clads for keeping the sea, but I deem it my duty to call the attention 
of the Department to them' in an especial dispatch. 

In this connection I forward a copy of a letter from the commanding 
officers of the ironclads^ addressed to me when they \xiidL^t%\jc^ \X» 



282 SOUTH ATLANTIO BLOOKADING SQUADBON. 



might be deemed necessary to order them on blockading duty off 
Charleston. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

S. F. Du Pont, 

Rear- Admiral^ Corttdg. South Atlantic Blockading Squadron. 
Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of the ifavy^ Washington^ D. C, 

[Enclosure.] 

North Edisto, S. C, May 26, 1863. 
Sir: Having understood that when it shall be necessary to withdraw 
the Neto Troiisules from the blockade of Charleston for purposes of 
repairs or refreshment, that vessels of this class may be regarded as 
necessary and fit to take her place, we beg leave to express our opinion 
on that point. 

The hatches would have to be battened down during the whole time 
and the vessels could not fail to be disabled from loss of health to the 
crew. 

The loss of speed from foulness of bottom, now amounting to one- 
half of what they had when put in commission, would put it out of 
their power to chase effectively or to get offshore in a gale of wind, 
even with the assistance of an ordinary steamer. 

The extreme sluggishness of the compass would make it impossible 
to make any given course of a cloudy night. If clear, setting the 
course by a star and giving time for the compass to traverse would 
make its use possible. 

The ground tackle in a heavy seaway would, in our opinion, be quite 
inadequate to hold her. 

In snort, we think these vessels are entirely inadequate to maintain 
a blockade at sea. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servants, 

John Rodoehs, 

Captain. 

DaNL. ABfMEN, 

Commander. 
Geo. W. Rodoers, 

Conunander. 
D. M. Fairfax, 

Commander. 
John Downes, 

Commander. 

Rear-Admiral S. F. Du Pont, 

Go^nmaiiding South Atlantic Blockading Squadroji. 



Order of Flag- Officer Du Pont^ U. S. Namv^ to Commander Le Boy^ 
U. S. Nam^ commanding tfie U. S. S, Keystone State^ to proceed to 
Philadelpnia. 

Flagship Wabash, 
Port Royal Harbor^ S. June tJ, 1863. 
Sir: You will proceed with the Keystone State under your command 
to Philadelphia and report your arrival to Commodore Stribiing, the 



BOXTEB ATLAimO BLOOKADINQ 8QUADB0N. 



288 



commandant of the yard, and through him to the Navy Department 
by letter. 

On your way north you will stop oflf Charleston and communicate 
with Conunodore Turner, of the New Ironsides^ the senior officer 
present 

As you may be detached from the Keystone StcUe^ and may not return 
to this station, I take this occasion to express ray warm commendation 
of your services in this squadron during the past eighteen months. 
Your cheerful and prompt manner in always executing my orders^ the 
good order and discipline of your ship, of which I have had ample 
opportunity of judging, and your gallant conduct when attacked by 
toe rebel ironclads on Charleston nave all been highly appreciated 
by me. 

Your service in this war, following immediately upon a full cruise 
on the coast of Africa, entitles you to some relaxation from duty, but 
I hope when you do return to active service again you will be ordered 
to my command. 

I will thank you to say to your officers and men that the Key%tonje 
State has always done her duty to my satisfaction, and that I part with 
her with r^ret 

Besi^ctfully, etc., 



Commander W. E. Le Boy, 

U. S. S. Keystone State^ Port Royal. 



Letter from the Secretary of the Navy to Rear- Admiral Du Pont^ TJ. S. 
Navy J foTwa/rding information regarding mirchases hy Confederate 



Snt: Several of our consuls have written to the Government express- 
ing their apprehensions of a combined movement of a somewhat 
extended character to break the blockade at some point on the coast. 
Although aware of your vigilance, I deem it proper to advise you of 
these apprehensions, and i desire to state in addition that we have 
information from various and reliable sources that extensive purchases 
have been made abroad, and particularly in Great Britain, by the 

S^nts of the rebel Government, of a class of fast steamers, most of 
em, it is believed, for the purpose of running the blockade, but 
some, it is apprehended, for armament. 

I herewith enclose copy of a dispatch (No. 60) from the U. S. consul 
at Lfondon, addressed to the Secretary of State, and extracts from 
other consular dispatches concerning the matters above mentioned. 
Very respectfully, etc.. 



Bear- Admiral Saml. F. Du Pont, 

Oomdg. South Atlantic Blodkdg. Squad/ron^ Po7*t JSoyal^ S. C. 



S. F. Du Pont, 

Pear- Admiral. 



aoi 
foi 




GroEON Welles, 

Secretary of the Navy. 



234 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOOKADINa SQUADBOK. 



[Encloeures.] 

• No. 60.] U. S. Consulate, London, May 16, 1863. 

Sir: The rumor of an impending attack by a Confederate force on 
one or more of our blockading squadrons has again reached me through 
different channels. As I have before warned you tliat the insurgents 
meditated such an attack when no attack followed, I receive all these 
rumors not based on suflScient facts with more or less distrust. Bie 
danger of a sea attack must be judged by the necessities of the rebels 
and their power to make such an attack. I may be permitted to say 
that in my judgment the wisely directed energy ana promptness of 
the Navy Department'in placing a sufficient protective and blockading 
force at each of our leadmg harbors, and an active force under the 
control of Admiral Wilkes, has thus far prevented such an attack. 
But now the necessitous circumstances of tne Confederates may drive 
them to hazard the attempt to break the blockade at some leadinsr port, 
say Charleston, Wilmington, or some port on the Georgia or Florida 
coast, or possibly Mobile. If they make the attempt, the main object 
will be to run in a large fleet of blockade runners witn provisions and 
army supplies. If they once fairly break and raise the blockade at 
any one point, they expect to keep it open for sixty days at least 
You are aware that tney have aaded largely to their steam fleet 
recently. How many of these will be converted into fighting ships 
in Beimuda, Nassau, and the West India waters, to be aidded to the 
Alabama, Flarida, and Virginia^ to be aided by the rams, gunboats, 
and other craft in the harbors they purpose to attack, it is impossible 
to say. If they should not succeed in opening the ports they attack, 
they would expect to run in a large number or blocKade runners dur- 
ing the fight. In fact, they may not expect to do much more thm 
get in large supplies at present. Their necessities may compel them 
to make the attempt before the^ get their ironclads ready. I nwy 
also mention, as a suspicious circumstance in connection with tlieir 
extraordinary exertions to get together a large fleet of steamers on the 
Atlantic coast, the fact that they appear to oe making equally great 
exertions to get over all the best quality of guns of large size they can, 
and with as much expedition as possible. Immense steel guns are 
brought from the famous works of Krupp, in Prussia, and tney have 
Fawcett & Preston^s and other establishments in this country lutrd at 
work for them. Unquestionably a great many are going out to take 
their chance of getting through that we never near of, and it is reason- 
able to suppose that most of the blockade runners carry in more or less. 
I remain, sir, your obedient servant, 

F. H. MoBSE, 

Oanmd. 

Hon. Wm. H. Seward, 

Secretary of State. 



Consul at Glasgow, May 13, 1863: Within the last three weeks, it 
is my painful duty to inform you, not less than thirteen of the fastest 
and best light-draft steamers of the Clyde have been purchased by 
various parties to run into the blockaded ports on our coast Some of 
the purcnases have been made, I have reason to believe, by agents of 
the Confederate Government and for it. Most of them, nowever, have 



t»pn niftdc m bold nnd gambling adv(>nture."ss by private jmitics ftllni^ipd 
by the enormous but in ino.^t mses, no doubt, falsely rf^puted protit^ 
of the enterprise. One successful adventure tires the mind and exciteH 
the ixmii^^ietition of huTidreds, especial I}^ when capital m so abundant 
and unproductive, whilnt innumerable failurei4 conceal themselves in 
the i*ilem'e which follow8 defeat. * * * The )>nwnt names of thene 
^teatuers are Juno^ jHpitc}\ Spunkie^ Itcte^ Ijn'd Ot^nrq*?^ Lord Vlifd^:^ 
Mail^ ]lctf/rt/n V(iti//Hm-dy Lord Limjlan^ Tit^fft?\ and J^iujU; the otoerH 
with no nttmes* These names will probulilv be changed inunediately 
after leaving port- The captain of the now on the point of 

Imvin^. is DcgoiHl. the min^ who went tnit with the Gmtjfe, These 
steamer*? are 200 to tons burden, all puddle whc^eh*d and iron f mmed, 
light draft, fast, and 8troni^. It is suppo.ml the be.st <»f them may 
ea*«ily t>e made to carry two guns* They all go from here with coab 
and the patent fuel 1 liave heretofore descril>ed, * * * 

t\m8ul at LiverjKJol, May 13; The steamer Ihmtnmi VmtU cleared 
on the ^ih in^-^tant for Nassau and sailefl on Sunday* Thin ve^^sel w^ill 
change her appearance and tjuite likely her name again after ifihe getjs 
outside. You will recollect she was called the Sea King. I enclose 
nffidAvlts showing she sails for the purpose of running the blockade. 

On the 11th instant the brig Hon^^ta cleared from hero for Nassau. 
Thij? vessel is b<iand forCharleston or Wihnington, Ship Mimtfjmncnj^ 
which has 1>een loading for some weeks, cleared from here on the Uth 
instant for Nas&*au. iTiia vessel no doubt belongs to Fraser, Trenholm 
& Co, and is held by Klingender for them* On the S^th in.stant two 
brigs — one called the Oedna^ of 111 tons; the other the Admiral frrqf 
Von ffeyden t^ms—were entered to load for Na^jsau Ijy Armstrong 
& Henderson at Liverpool These two vessels have been chartered to 
run the blockade. 

A large steamer chilled the Sir Robert Peel came from London a few 
days ago and entered yesterday to load for Matamoras. She is 1,044 
tons burden, cornmancled by*t. Thorburn; A. Duranty & Co,, con* 
signers* There i.s no doubt but what the cargo of this vessel is intended 
for the rebels, but it is possible that she nuiv go to Matamoras, I 
r<^rd her as a suspicious vessel, A vessel called the Raceoon^ a 
steamer, sailed from Hamburg on the 24th of April last. She is a 
blockade runner* I have the evidence to estaldish this and will send 
It in mv next dispatch. She should l>e seized wherever found. 

London, May 15: Double-screw steamer Ilehe left un Wednesday 

last for Nassau, Left Gra%^esend 14th instant, loaded with l>eef, pork, 

flour* and cases and bales of clothing, boots, shoes, etc* These la^st 
c c c 

are marked nrffT^Too; About 4(X) cases Enfield rifles; H,(HH) have this 
week been sent down to the shed where the Sea Quern and J^eterAoff 
Imded. They will tje going into some rebel cmft very soon, and shall 
receive all necessary attention. 

I learn that two niore steamers called the Same and Victoria have 
i^ceotly been purchased for the rebel service* The latter was on the 
line from Folkestone to Boulogne; is a paddle-wheel s^teamer, and fast. 

It is i>ositively re|Kjrted to me that the Sir Ef^hrrt Peeh now li>ading 
at Liverpool for Matamoras, has a quantity of arms on board. I hope 
learn more of this by next week, 
have this nmnient had a report from the docks, and there are now 
in the storehouse on the wharf, ready for loadings over I'Z^OQ^ 



236 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING 8QUADBON. 



rifles; many of the cases are marked Enfield rifles, and they are going 
on board the Harriet Pinkney; also a quantity of artillery carbines. 
With such a cargo why can not this ship be taken anywhere? 

St. John, New Brunswick, May 27: Steamer Nammn^ William 
Lynch, master, has cleared from St. John for the port of Havana, 
Cuba, having for her ultimate destination some one of the blockaded 
ports. Left St. John without cargo; will probably proceed direct 
to Havana, there to be employed as a dispateh boat to run between 
Havana and Charleston or Nassau and Charleston. This is the steamer 
Flmhingj formerly written about and described. 

Glasgow. May 18: I have just received reliable information that the 
brig Lee Bonny^ 250 tons burden. Captain Young, left Greenock, 20 
miles below this, with a full cargo of contraband and other coomiodi- 
ties for the Confederate States. Cleared for Haiti; will proceed 
directly to Navssau or Charleston. Said to have shoes, blankets, cloth- 
ing, medicines, and arms on board, the latter concealed under coal. 
Sailed about 10th instant. 

Liverpool, May 18: Encloses additional affidavit against the Dunt- 
TOon Castle^ which left the Mersey May 17; also in reference to the 
Raccoon, From what I can learn of this steamer, the Raccoon^ I am 
inclined to think she will arm after she reaches a Southern port, if she 
should succeed in reaching one, and then turn privateer. I have 
f req^uently referred to the steamer MtUy^ at this port. I have infor- 
mation from a source that I consider reliable that this vessel is bound 
South, and will arm after she leaves this port, and fight her way in if 
necessary. I have no evidence of this, and do not suppose any can be 
obtained, but I believe it is true. She is a small vessel and is not 
capable of making much resistance. Indeed, she can not carry over 
two or three guns. The secessionists have another new steamer at 
Glasgow called the Mary Ann. 

London, May 16: The quantity of small arms, cannon, and muni- 
tions of war of all kinds loading here now is very large. You will see 
by the enclosed report of this day's doings that the trade to Mata- 
moras in guns, etc., by sailing vessels, is very brisk, and tiiat the 
Harriet Pinhiey will nave a very valuable cargo, besides a large 
quantity of rifles, and I think we will show that cannon also are going 
bv her. This steamer will leave before the next mail. Why can not 
she bo taken wherever found on the open sea? She certainly nas large 
quantities of contraband. Please bear in mind that the invoices and 
bills of lading of the ships do not show what they have on board. 
Ve^els mentioned in enclosure referred to are ilarriet Pinkney^ 
schooners Carolina Goodyear and Johanna. 



Order of Rear- Admiral Du Pont., TJ. S. Nam/., to Lieutenant- Com- 
mander Bacon., U. S. Nai>y^ conunanding the U. S. S. Commodore 
McDonoxigh^ to cooperate with the army forces. 

Flagship Wabash, 
Port Royal Hai^r^ S. C, June 1863. 
Sir: Major-General Hunter having requested me to furnish a gun- 
boat to cover the movements of a portion of his land forces, you will 



SOUTH ATLANTIO BLOCKADING 8QUADBON. 237 

report to him that I have assigned you to that duty. You will then 
DAXX^eed with the Commodore McDonouah^ under your command, to 
Fort Pulaski, and will communicate with the commanding officer of 
the army there, informing him that you have been ordered to com- 
mand the naval portion of the expedition, and will cooperate with him 
in carryinjg; out the wishes of General Hunter. 

After this dutv shall have been performed you will return to Port 
Royal. 

Bespectfully, etc., 

S. F. Du Pont, 

Rear- Admiral. 

Lieutenant-Commander Geo. Bacon, 

U. S. S, Commodore McDonoxujh, 



Revert of Rea/r-Admiral Du Pont^ IL S. Navy^ transmitting report of 
Zietitenant' Commander Bacon^ U. S. Na/iry^ commnndin^ u. S. o. 
Commodore McDonmigh^ of cooperaiion mlth the army in attack* 
upon Blvffton^ S. C*., June 4, 1863. 

No. 286.] Flagship Wabash, 

Port Royal Harbor, S. June 6, 1863. 

Sib: About ten days am Major-General Hunter applied to me for a 
gunboat to assist a land force in an expedition against Bluffton, which 
fies on May River, a stream emptying into Calibogue Sound. 

This town has been the headquarters for the rebels for a long time 
in this vicinity, from which oickets were distributed at various points. 

At the time Major-General Hunter wrote this request I had no gun- 
boat in port, but on the 3d instant I ordered Lieutenant-Ck)mmander 
Bacon to proceed with the Commodore McDonough on this expedition. 

The army forces-, numbering, I believe, about 1,000 men, were on 
board the army gunboat Mayflower and an army transport and under 
the command of Colonel Barton. 

On arriving near Bluffton the troops were landed under the protec- 
tion of the Vommodore McDonough and took possession of the town, 
the rebels having retreated. By the orders of Colonel Barton the 
town was destroyed by fire, the church only being spared, and though 
the troops made several charges they were driven back by the troops 
and the shells and shrapnel-of the Commodore McDonoiiAjh. 

Bluffton being destroyed, the soldiers reembarked witfiout casualties 
and returned to Hilton Head. 

Enclosed (marked No. 1) is the interesting report of Lieutenant- 
Commander Bacon, who speaks in high terms of Colonel Barton, the 
commanding officer of the land forces. 

Lieutenant-Conunander Bacon, whose vessel is well fitted for these 
inland waters, has in this case, as in all others, exhibited his chamcter- 
istic energy and intelligence. 

Very respectfully, your obedient sei-vant, 

S. F. Du Pont, 
Rear-Admiral^ Comdg. South AtJnntic Blockading Squadron. 

Hon. Gideon Weli-es, 

Seereta/ry of the Navy^ Washiiigton^ D. C. 



* For army reports see Official Recordn of the Union and Confederate Armies in the 
War of the Rebellion, Series I, Volume XIV, p. 'M). 



238 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING 8QUADB0N. 



[Enclosure.] 

U. S. S. Commodore McDonough, 

P(/rt R(yyal, S. Jtme 186S. 

Sir: I have the honor to report that in obedience to your order I 
proceeded to Fort Pulaski and reported to Colonel Barton, the com- 
mander of the fort, as officer in command of naval forces for the attack 
on Bluff ton. He immediately gave orders that the army gunboat May- 
flower should be placed under my command. After arraniging thepliui 
of attack, I left Fort Pulaski in time to cross Calibogue l^und at high 
water, and came to anchor off the south end of Hilton Head Island and 
awaited the arrival of the army gunboat and transports, which were 
of lighter draft, and were to join me at 11.30 p. m. Unfortunately 
the Mwyjlmoer grounded on the flats, and as it was found impossible 
to get her off before daylight, I informed Colonel Barton that I could 
furnish him with all the necessary protection, and that we had better 
proceed with the expedition. I also ordered the captain of the May- 
fjower^ as soon as his vessel floated, to join me at Bluffton. The steamer 
Islana City and transport Cossack^ having on board about 1,000 volun- 
teers (this ship leading them), got underway for the point of attack. 
On account of being detained by the Mauflmcer it was long after day- 
light before we reacned the point where the troops were to disembark, 
which was about 3 miles this side of Bluffton. Meeting with no oppo- 
sition at that point the troops were landed in safety, and both tnem 
and ourselves advanced to the attack. 

The Mayflower having joined us in the meantime, I anchored from 
half to three-quarters of a mile from the town, bringing our batteries to 
bear upon it. The land forces having without opposition occupied the 
town, I moved up with this vessel and the transports for the purpose of 
being better able to cover their movements, as well as to be ready to re- 
embark the troops in case of necessity, as the enemy had mustered auite 
a large force in the rear of the town of infantry and cavalry, ooon 
after we had anchored abreast of the tbwn, and but a few yards from 
it. sharp firing was heard in the rear between the rebels and our forces. 
Tne commanding officer of the land forces made signal that he wished 
us to shell the woods in their rear, as the rebels were mustering in quite 
a strong force; immediately opened with my guns, firing l^th shell 
and shrapnel, with five-second fuze, which compelled the enemy to fall 
back. In the meantime the town was fired in several places by order of 
the commander of the land forces, the church being the only building 
spared. The enemy, under cover of the fire and smoke of the burning 
town, which was so dense and hot as to cause us to move our position 
a little and almost obscure immediate objects, attempted another attack 
upon our forces; they were met by steady volleys irom our troops and 
the enfilading fire of our heavy guns, and were again obliged to retire 
in disorder. As we had succeeded in carrying out the object of our 
expedition by destroying the town and breaking up this nest of 
marauders, the troops were ordered to reembark, I navmg previously 
ordered the Mayflower and Island City to run alongside a wharf which 
made out near where the fighting was going on, as by that means the 
troops could be embarked very quickly. The enemy, seeing that all the 
troops were leaving, collected all their troops for the third and last 
charge upon the rear guard, who were left on shore to cover the reem- 
barkation of their comrades. The enemy advanced down the street 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



239 



leadine to the wharf through the town, expecting no doubt to .sweep 
off in Qie general rush the few who were covering the reembarkation, 
as they were in considerable force by that time. They charged with 
cheers to within a short distance of the steamers, when, from their 
repeated volleys, we got their position (as at that time we were unable 
to distinguish any object, not even the steamers or our own troops, 
owin^ to the dense volumes of smoke which were settling over the 
river), when we opened with shrapnel and shell in the direction of the 
enemy, and the effect was instantaneous, as I have since been assured 
by the commander of the land forces that our shrapnel and shell passed 
directly over the heads of our men, exploding in front of the ranks of 
the enemy, causing them to break and retreat in disorder. The guns 
of the Jllauflower^ which was at that time lyin^ at the wharf and com- 
manding the street, were served with great effect. It affords me the 
greatest pleasure to state that the rapioity and precision of our fire was 
commended in the highest terms by the commander and other officers 
of the land forces, who, witnessing the effect of our fire, were of course 
the best judges of it. In conclusion, I beg leave to state that the 
expedition was a complete success, which I consider owing to the hearty 
cooperation of both branches of the service. The land forces were ably 
commanded by Colonel Barton, of the New York volunteers, who 
evinced marked ability in maneuvering his men. I can not speak in 
too high terms of the conduct of the officei*s and crew of this ship; the 
rapidity with which the guns were worked, as well as the good judg- 
ment displayed in aiming them, reflects great credit upon the officers 
and men of the different divisions. Expended during the action, 143 
rounds, as foUowb, viz: 100-pounder Parrott, 18 long shell; IX-inch 
Dahlgren shell ^un, 16 10-second, 10 16-second, 1 20-second fuze shell; 
from both howitzers, 19 shell, 68 shrapnel, 10 canisters; from 50- 
poander Dahlgren rifle, 1 shell. The shell and shrapnel, without an 
exception, exploded at the proper time. 

Very respectfully, your obedient ser\^ant, 

George Bacon, 
Lieutenant' Commander^ U, S. Xavy, 
Rear- Admiral S. F. Du Pont, 

Oomdg. Sovth Atlantic Blockadimj Sfpiadrmu IL S. Navy. 



Order of Rear-Admiral Du Pcmt^ U. S, Nai^y^ to Acting Jfa^tcr Gil- 
lespien U. S. Navy^ commanding the U. S. hark Brazili<^ra. to pro- 
oeed to St. AnArefuf% Sounds Georgia. 

Flagship Wabash, 
Pin-t Royal Harbor. S. (\, June 4, ISSS, 
Sir: You will proceed with the Braziliera under your command to 
St. Andrew's Sound, Georgia, and relieve the bark ^Midnight^ Actinj^ 
Master Kirby, in the blockade of that sound. 

You will consider youTOelf under the immediate orders of Com- 
mander Rhind, senior officer at St. Simon's. 
Respectfully, etc., 

S. F. Du Pont, 

R&ir-AdtittroL 

Acting Master W. T. Gillespie, 

S. Bark Br'a^iliera, 
N W B—VOL 14 16 



240 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 

Ord<^r of the S€<^ret<tTy of the Nmy to Rmr- Admiral' Foote^ U. S. Navy^ 
to assume commanaof the the South Atlantic Blockading Squadron. 

Navy Department, June 4, 1863. 
Sir: You are hereby detached from duty as Chief of the Bureau of 

auipment and Recmitinff and will proceed to Port Royal, S. C, and 
ieve Rear- Admiral Du Pont of the command of the South Atlantic 
Blockading Squadron. The U. S. sloop Ticonderoga has been ordered 
from Philadelphia to New York, and will convey you to your desti- 
nation. 

Very respectfully, 

Gideon Welles. 

Rear- Admiral A. H. Foote, U. S. Navy, 

Washingtaiiy D. C. 



Ord'Cr of Rear'Admiraf Du Pont^ U. S. Nmy^ to Lieutenant- Com- 
mander Bacon^ U. S. JVavy^ commanding the U. S. S, Comnwdore 
McDonough, 

Flagship Wabash, 
Port Royal Ilarhor, S. C, June 5, 1863. 
Sir: You will proceed with the Com^mdore McDonoxigh under j'our 
command to Stono and report for blockading duty to Commodore 
Balch, senior otBcer present. 
Respectfully, etc., 

S. F. Du Pont, 

Rear-Admiral. 

Lieutenant-Commander Geo. Bacon, 

U. S. S. Commx)dore McDonough. 



Report of Commander WoodhuU^ U, S. Navy^ commxinding the U. S. S. 
Cimxirron^ of arrival of that vessel at Philadelphia navy yard. 

^ U. S. S. Cimarron, 

Navy Yard^ Philadelphia^ June 5, 1863. 
Sir: Under orders from Rear- Admiral Du Pont, I left Port Royal, 
[S. C], on the 1st instant, and have now the honor to inform you of 
the arrival of ray command at this port. 

This ship is in a very dilapidatea condition. We broke down four 
times en route* but were enabled to effect repairs sufficient to meet the 
present demands. 
1 am happy to report the health of the officers and crew most excellent. 
I have the honor, etc., 

M. WOODHULL, 

Commam.der^ U. S. Navy. 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secretary Navy^ etc. 



AhHtractlogoftfie U, S. S. Wissahi<^Jcoji^ Lieylenarvt-Comnfumder Davis^ 
U. S, Navy^ cwnvianding. 

June 5, 1863, —At 9: 20 p. m. saw a steamer coming out of Charles- 
ton, three- fourths of a mile distant, bearing W. by N. ; called all hands 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADEON. 241 

to quarters; fired several shots at her from 24-pounder boat howitzer; 
immediately slipped our cable and fired at her from the 200-pounder 
Kirrott and the 20-pounder Parrott, which changed her course for 
Charleston. Finding we could not overtake her, we turned to our 
anchorage with the impression that she had been badly damaged by 
our sheUs. 



[Telegrun.] 

Navy Department, June 6, 1863. 
The Tu^Tcra leaves Philadelphia this evening for New York, and 
will be at your disposal. The Department is anxious that you should 
repair to Port Boyal as early as practicable. You can leave on the 15th 
instant 

Gideon Welles. 

Secretary of the N(wy. 

Bear- Admiral A. H. Foote, U. S. Navy, 

New Haven^ Conn, 



Order of the Secretary of the Navy to Rear- Admiral Bti Pont^ U. S. 
Navy, to turn over to his successor i7istructions from the Department 
and other matter appertaining to the duties of the squadron. 

Navy Department, June 5, 186S. 
Sib: On being relieved by Rear- Admiral Foote, you will please turn 
over to him such instructions, or furnish him with copies of them, as 
vou have received from time to time respecting intercoui-se with the 
blockaded ports, appointment of officers, pilots, etc.; disposition and 
treatment of prize crews, prisoners, and disposition of prizes; rules 
to be observed by vessels approaching the blockaded coast and warn- 
ing to be given them, ana any other matters which you think may 
be of importance to him in deciding questions which may be likely to 
arise. By doing so you will relieve tne Department of i*epetition of 
instmctions, and your successor of the necessity of applying for them in 
many matters appertaining to the duties of the blockading squadrons* 
I am, respectfully, your obedient servant, 

Gideon Welles, 
Secretary of Navy, 

Rear- Admiral S. F. Du Pont, 

Gatndg. South Atlantic Blockdg. Squadron^ Port Royal., S, C. 



Order of the Secretary of the Nam/ to Rear-Admiral Du Pont, U. S, 
Navy, directing that aid and assistance he afforded General OiUmore, 
U. S. Army, oommxmding the Department of the South. 

Navy Department, Juiie 6, 1863. 
Sir: General Gillmore has been ordered to take charge of the Depart- 
ment of the South, and you will please afford him all the aid and assist- 
ance in vour power in conducting his operations. 
Very respectfully, etc., 

Gideon Welles, 
Secretary of Navy. 

Bear- Admiral Saml. F. Du Pont, 

Comdg, South Atlantic Blochdg. Squadrmi^ Port jRoyai, S, C. 



242 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



Letter from the Secretary of the Nar^y to Rear- Admiral Du Pottt^ U. 8. 
Navy^ enqxdring a^ to the dispositioji of the order of the Department 
dated June 6*, 1863. 

Navy Department, 

Washirigton^ April 5, 1861^. 
Sir: Please inform the Department whether, on being relieved bj' 
Rear- Admiral Dahlgren of the command of the South Aflantic BIocIl- 
ading Squadron, you turned over to him the order* addressed to you 
bv the Department on the 6th of June, 1863, directing you to aflford 
all the assistance in your power to General Gillmore in conducting his 
operations, or give him a copy of it. 
Very respectfully, etc., 

Gideon Welles, 
Secretary of Navy. 

Rear- Admiral Saml. F. Du Pont, U. S. Navy, 

Wilmington^ Del. 



Report of Rear- Admiral Du Po7it^ U. S. Nany^ to the Secretary of the 
Navy^ replying to enquiry concerning order dated June 6, 1863. 

Near Wilmington, Del., April 11^ 186J^ 
Sir: In reply to the enouiry of the Department whether, on being 
relieved by Rear- Admiral Dahlgren of the command of the South 
Atlantic Blockading Squadron, I turned over to him the order addressed 
to me by the Department on the 6th June, 1863, directing me to 
afford all the assistance in my power to General Gillmore in conduct- 
ing his operations, or give hi'm a copy of it, I have the honor to state 
that I do not recollect having given to Admiral Dahlgren a copy of 
the order in question. I showed him the order, together with a fetter 
from Brigadier-Geneml Gillmore to me, givilTg m some detail his 
plan of operations. 

Having no special instructions myself beyond the order referred 
to, and deeming it probable Admiml Dahl^i-en would have such, I 
abstained, as I stated to him, from committing him to any particular 
plan of oiKU'ations, while everything had been thoroughly prepared 
for the expedition and the vessels were in readiness to move, if desired, 
on the earliest day named by General Gillmore. Our conversation 
was full and unreserved, and I gave Admiral Dahlgren all the infor- 
mation I possessed that could })e of service to him. 

1 am, sir, very respectf uUv, your obedient servant, 

S. F. Du Pont, 

Rear-Admiral. 

Hon. (tidi-x^n Welles, 

Secretary of tlu* Navy^ Washington^ D. C. 



Rej)ort of Rear 'Admiral Du Pont^ U. S, Navif^ regarding the removal 
of gum from the U. S. S. Aeohik. 

No. 2S7.J Flagship Wabash, 

Port Royal Harh/r^ S. June 6, 1863. 
Sir: I have the honor to acknowledge the Department's dispatch of 
May 22, 1863, enclosing an article from the (jnarleston Mercury, in 



*See preceding. 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 243 

which it is stated that the guns of the Keokuk have been removed from 
the wreck and taken to Charleston. 

I have no information on the subject other than is given in the enclosed 
slip,* and which I have seen before. I have very little doubt of its 
truth. The work, however, must have been done at night. 

The Department has already been informed in ray dispatch No. 208 
that I offered every facility to Chief Engineer Robie to blow up the 
Keokuk with Mr. Ericsson's raft, but that officer found it too danger- 
ous to use. 

Very^ respectfully, your obedient servant, 

S. F. Du Pont, 
Rear- Admiral'^ Comdg. Smith Atlariti^ Bhckuding Squadi^mi, 

Hon. Gideon WELLEa, 

Secretary of the Navy ^ Washington^ D, C. 



Report of Commander Amm^^ U. S. Nam^^ commandijw th^^ U, S, S. 
Poitapsco^ regardiny ammunition schooner^ j\o. 1. 

Ironclad Patapsco, 
North Edisto, xS. June 6, 1863. 
Sir: The instructions received yesterday by the OUander in relation 
to the anununition schooner iVb. i have been carried out. She will 
be towed over the bar by the Prometlieuis at high water to-day. 

The coal schooner M. A. Schindlerr was discharged yesterday and is 
bein^ ballasted. Her bill of lading is herewith forwarded. 

I have been informed by Surgeon Everslield, the senior officer of the 
medical survey held on me, that it was thought advisable that I should 
go north and that I mi^ht make the necessary dispositions. I will do 
so without delay, but will not be able to complete them before the 8th. 

The frequent transits of army steamers will make any special means 
unnecessary to convey me to Port Royal. 
I have the honor, etc, 

Daniel Ammen. 

Rear-Admiral S. F. Du Pont. 



Order of Commander Baich^ U. S. JVdvu^ to Acting Lieutenant lirod- 
head^ U. S. Nwvy^ cmnmanding ike U, S, S. £\ B. Hale. 

U. S. Steam Sloop Pawnee, 
St07W Inlet, South Carolina^ June 6\ 1863. 
Sir: You will proceed in the U. S. S. E. B. IMe^ under your com- 
mand, to Port Royal, S. C, and report to Rear-Admiml S. F. 
Du Pont. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, ' 

Geo. B. Balch, 

Comjmam.der and Sefiior Officer Present. 

Actii^ Lieutenant Commanding: E. Brodhead, 

Uommanding U. S. S, HcUe^ SUmo Tnlet^ South Carolina. 



*See page 212. 



244 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 

Report of Commander Balch^ U. S. Ncmy^ (xmimanding U. S. S. 
Pomnee^ acknowledging receipt of orders. 

U. S. Steam Sloop Pawnee, 
Stono Inlet^ South Ca/roUna^ June 7, 1863. 
Sir: 1 have tae honor to acknowled^ the receipt, by the hand of 
Ck)mmander Corbin, of your order of May 30, in relation to Assistant 
Surgeon A. B. Judson, and respectfully report that he had alr^idy 
been ordered to report to you at Port Royal; was on his way there on 
board the schooner Frwiuyis L, Stede. 

In obedience to your order of June 6, instant, received by the Oomr 
modore McDonough^ I have sent the E. B, Hcde to Port Royal. 
I have the honor to report all quiet in these waters and vicinity. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

Geo. B. Baloh, 
Commander and Senior Officer Present. 
Rear- Admiral S. F. Du Pont, 

Comdg. South AtlanMc Blockading Squadron, Port Royal, S. C. 



Report of Commander Le Roy^ U. S. Navy, comma/nding the U. S. S. 
Keystone State, of arrival of that vessel at Philadelphia na/cy 
yard. 

U. S. S. Keystone State, 
Navy Yard, Philadelphia, June 7, 1863. 
Sir: I have the honor to report the arrival of the Keystone State, 
under my command, this day, at this station, from Port Koyal, S. C. 
I am, sir, veiy respectfully, your obedient servant, 

Wm. E. Le Roy, 

Commander. 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of the Nam/, Washington, D. C. 



Letter from Rear-Admiral Du Pont, U. S. Navy, to Commander 
Shujeldt, U. S. NoAyy, commanding TJ. S. S. Conemmigh, approving 
results qjf^ reconnoissances in Winyah Bay, South Carolina, June o, 
1863. 

Flagship Wabash, 
Port Rayed Harbor, S. C. , Jurk^ 12, 1863. 
Sir: I am in receipt of your communication * of the 8th instant giving 
the information of the destruction of the bridge connecting South Islana 
with the mainland, and of the reconnoissance on North Island. 

The results ai'C very satisfactory and I am pleased with the spirit and 
alacrity exhibited by the officers and men as mentioned in your letter. 

These reconnoissances are useful and important, but I would recom- 
mend caution and that they be always undertaken with a strong force, 
as the rebels are on their own ground and from tiie familiarity with the 
localities might entrap a smallparty. 
I send a coal schooner to supply you, and a few letters that are here. 
Regretting that our official mtercourse will so soon terminate, 
Respectfully, etc., S. F. Du Pont, ^ 

Beaa^Adndral. 

Ck)mmander R. W. Shupeldt, 

v. S. S. Conemmigh, Oeorgetovm. 

* Not found. 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 245 



Abstract leg of the U. S. S, Conemaugh^ Commander Shufeldt^ U, S. 

Na/vy^ commanding. 

June 8 J 1863,— At 9:30 a. m. Acting Ensign G. F. Morse went to 
South Island reconnoitering. On his return he reported seeing rebels 
at work building a bridge about li miles off. At 1 p. m. manned and 
armed the first cutter, with the howitzer in her, and sent her in charge 
of Acting Master J. W. Staplefoi'd, accompanied by Acting Ensign 
S. F. Morse, and sent them to destroy a bridge across a creek on South 
Island. At 1:20 got underway and anchored farther up the river, to 
cover the landing party, and hred 5 Xl-inch shell and 2 IX-inch shell 
toward the retreating rebels, and 2 100-pouuder rifle shell at Cat Island 
battery. At 3 sent the first cutter, manned by the third cutter's 
[crew J, in charge of Acting Ensign W. F. Redding, up the canal near 
Cat Island battery. At 4 the first cutter returned and reported no 
bridge across the canal for a mile and a half from the entmnce. 

The expedition returned [from South Island], having driven back 
the rebels and burned the bridge without any loss. 



Letter from the Secretary of War to the Secretary of the Navy., trans- 
mitting copies of dispatches received by the War Department from 
Major- General GfUlmore^ U. S. Army, June 8 to July 6*, 1863. 

War Department, 
Washington City, Aj/ril 5, 186Jf. 
Sib: In compliance with the request made in your letter of the 2d 
instant, the Secretary cf War instructs me to transmit to you the 
accompanying copies of the official dispatches received from Major- 
Creneral Gillmore at this Department from June 8, 1863, to July 0, 1863. 
I have the honor to oe, your obedient servant, 

E. R. S. Canby, 
Brigadier- General, Assistant Adjutant- Gmef*al. 

The Secretary op the Navy, 

Washington, D. C. 

[Enclosure.] 

New York, June 8, 1863 — 6 p. m. 

(Received 6:23 p. m.) 
I sail to-day, leaving General Seymour here, to come in next steamer. 
Please ffive him auUiority to purchase two scows and order the pur- 
chase of uie rifles mentioned in my letter of the 5th. 

Q. A. Gillmore, 
Brigadier- General, Astor House. 

Major-General Halleck. 



[Enclosure.] 

New York, June 8, 1863. 

(Received 6:48 p. m.) 
I should like to have Captain W. L. M. Burger, my assisUint adju- 
tant-^neral, go with me. 1 understand there is an assistant adjutant- 
general with my division, now in Kentucky. 



246 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 

Captain Burger's address is 196 Broadway, New York. He will 
await your reply. 

' , Q. A. GiLLMORE, 

BHgadier-Omeral. 

Major-General Hallegk. 



Headquarters Department op the South, 

Hilton Head, S. CI, June 12, 1863. 
Sir: I have the honor to report my arrival here yesterday.' 
Major-General Hunter relinquished and I assumed command j^es- 
terday. 

I have conversed freely with Major Duane and with several navy 
officers in reference to the recent attack on the fort in Charleston 
Harbor and the present condition of affairs in that direction. 

The concurrent testimony is that the defenses on Morris Island have 
undergone a material change within the last three weeks, much to the 
advantage of the enemy. 

I shall visit that vicinity to-morrow and make a full report by next 
steamer. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

Q. A. Gillmore, 
Brigadier- Oeiieral, Commanaing. 
Major-General H. W. Halleck, 

Oenei'al in Chief, U. S. Army, Washington, D. C. 



Headquarters Department op the South, 

Hilton Head, S. C, June 26, 1863. 

Sir: The condition of affairs on James and Morris islands has not 
materiallv changed since my last report. 

Four deserters from Morris and eight from James Island put me 
in possession of important information. 1 see nothing in their report 
to produce discoumgemcnt. Admiral Du Pont will cordially cooperate 
with me, and in Ichs than one week I hope to be in possession of part 
or the whole of Morris Island. My batteries on Folly Island should 
be completed in three or four days. 

General Seymour, whom 1 left in New York to cx)mplete the ship- 
ment of certain stores, has not arrived yet, for some reason to me 
unknown. 

Ver}- I'espectfuUy, your obedient servant, 

Q. A. GiLLMORE, 

Bri^adie?'- General, Commufiding. 
Major-General H. W. Halleck, 

Oeneral in Chief, U. S. Army, Washington, D. C. 



Headquarters Department of the South, 

P(yrt Royal, S. C, June 30, 1863. 
Sir: I have to report no important changes in the condition of things 
at Folly Island. My preparations are nearly completed, but I can do 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



247 



nothing until Admiitd Du Font's successor arrives and gets ready to 
work. 

The admiral has no instructions and does not feel at liberty to put 
his vessels into action on the eve of relinquishing his command. I 
believe we could get Morris Island without the assistance of the Navy, 
but so long as they lie outside the bar the enemy's ironclads and other 
gunboats could annoy us so much that we could accomplish very little 
toward the erection of batteries. 

Very respectf !illy, your obedient sei*vant, 

Q. A. GiLLMOBE, 

Brigadiei*' General^ Commanding, 

Major-General H. W. Halleck, 

Oeneral in Chiefs U, S, Army^ Washvn^ton^ D, C, 



Headquarters Department of the South, 

nilto7i Head, Port Royal, S. July 1863. 
Sir: I have the honor to report that Admiral Du Pont will at once 
enter into my project for getting possession of Mon'is Island, and 
render all the assistance in his power. He sent me a message to that 
effect last evening. 

General Seymour returned from Folly Island yesterday and reports 
that the enemy is materially strengthening his defenses there. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

Q. A. GiLLMORE, 

Brigadier- Oeneral, Commxindvng, 

Major-General H. W. Halleck, 

Oeneral in Chief, U. S. Army, Washington, D. C, 

P. S. — Admiral Dahlgi'en is reported off the harbor communicating. 

Q. A. GiLLMORE. 



Order of Rear-Admiral Du Pont, U, S, Navy, to Acting Master 
Ourtis, U. iS, Namj, commanding the U. S, S. Memphis. 

Flagship Wabash, 
Port Royal Harbor, S. C, June 9, 1863. 
Sir: You will please proceed with the Memphis under your com- 
mand off Charleston ana report for blockading duty to the senior 
officer present. 

Some officers will report to you for passage to join their vessels off 
Charleston. You will also take with you a number of men to be 
distributed among the ships there; a list will be furnished you. 
Respectfully, etc., 

S. F. Du Pont, 

Rear-Ad/tniral. 

Acting Master C. A. Curtis, 

U. S. S. Memphis. 



248 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 

Ordefi^ of Rear- Admiral Du Pont^ U. S, Nmy^ to ComTiuincUir Bryson^ 
U, S. Namj^ comTiianding the U, S. S, Chippewa. 

Flagship Wabash, 
Fort Royal Harbor, S. O., June 1863. 
Sir: You will proceed with the Chippewa under your command off 
Charleston and report for blockading duty to the senior officer 
present. 

Respectfully, etc., 

S. F. Du Pont, 

Rear- A dmiral. 

Commander A. Bryson, 

U. S. S. Chippeica^ Port Royal. 



Order of Rear- Admiral Du Pont, IL S. Navy., to Commands* Colhouny 
IT. S. Nary., (xnnmanding the U. S. S. Lodona. 

Flagship Wabash, 
Pyi^t Royal Harbor, S. C, June 9, 1863. 
Sir: You will proceed with the Lodotui under your command off 
Charleston and report for blockading duty to the senior oflSeer present 
Some officers will report to you tor passage to join the vessels off 
Charleston. 

Respectfully, etc., 

S. F. Du Pont, 

Rear-Admifid. 

Commander E. R. Colhoun, 

U. S. S. Lodona. 



Order of Rear- Admiral Du Pont, U. S. Navy, to Acting Ensign 
Reed, Tf. S. Navy, commanding the U. S. schooner O. W. Blunt. 

Flagship Wabash, 
Port Royal Harbor, S. C, June 9, 1863. 
Sir: You will proceed with the Blunt under your command off 
Charleston and report for blockading duty to the senior officer present 
Respectfully, etc., 

S. F. Du Pont, 

Rear- Admiral. 

Acting Ensign B. D. Reed, 

U. S. ScJhOomn' Blunt. 



Order of 'Rear- Admiral Du Pont, U. S. Navy, to Acting Lieutenant 
Brodhead, U. S. Navy, commanding the u. S. S. L. B. Hale^ to 
nssuvie coraviand at St. JohrHs River, Florida. 

Flagship Wabash, 
Port Royal Harbor, S. C, June 10, 1863. 
Sir: You will please proceed with the E. B. Hale to the St. John^s 
River, Florida, and assume charge of those watera as senior officer 
present. 



On your way down you will stop with the mails, etc, at Was^saw, 
Os,mhaw, St. Catherine's^, Siipelo, Doboy, St Simon's, pnd Fernundina* 

On your arri^^al at the St. John-g you will diapatc^h the AWwich to 
Femandina for coal if there is a supply there, and after the return of 
the Nonmch you will 8etid the Uneim to Port Eoyal, pi^eparatory to 
her going north. You bad better fill up with coal at Feruaudina as 
you go down. 

Let me know the name of the pilot engaged in the St. John's. 
KeBpectfulljj etc. 

S. F. Du Pont, 

Eeur-A(lmir(d* 

Acting Lieutenant E. Bhodhead, 

(I. S. ^\ K Ilah, Pott E&yaL 



Order of Rea^- Admiral Dti Pont^ U. Navy^ to Commander D^rcike^ 
jS. Wavy^ C4mimandi7i4i U. S* Oij/mrron^ to wmid mgagmmut 
with Cmiftaerate h^onclad Atl^nta- 

Flagship Wabash, 
Port Royal Harbor, S. (7., Jun^i 10, 1S63. 
Sir: Information has just been received from five deserterf4, who 
arrived this Diorni ng at Fort Pulaski from Savannah, that the rebel 
ironclad Atlmda is now lying at Thunderbolt battery, and will prob- 
ably to-night attack the Cimarrfm. 

Tfou win therefore, on the receipt of this communication, withdraw 
the Ciniarrm^ and lie outside the bar %nd maintain an outside blockade. 
As your vessel could not for a moment contend against an ironclad, 
you wHl, if attacked, avoid an eni^agement and give early information 
of events to the Pami off Ossalmw. 

On the arrival of Captain John Rodgers you will be guided by his 
directions. 

Kespectfully. etc., 

F. Du Pont, 
jRem**Admvru/* 

Commander A. J. Drake, 

U. 6\ S. C^msrrmi. 



Order of Rear- Adm iral Du Ihnt^ U. 5, Nam^ to Untenant- Com- 
maniUr Nenmimi^ LK Nai^, commandmy IL S- Damn^ to mmm- 
tarn ouU'ide Uocmde^ and avoid mffo^mmU with Oonfederaie ironelud 
Atlmta. 

Flagship Wabash, 
Port Royal Harbor, S, a, June 10. 1S6S. 
Sih: Information has juat l>een received from live deserters, who 
arrived this morning at Fort Pula^^ki from Savannah.^ that the rebel 
ironclad Atlanta is now lying at Thunderbolt battery » and will prob- 
ably to-night attack the CmtmfTon; after which, it is said, she will pro- 
ceed to Ossabaw, 

You will therefore, on receipt of this communication, withdniw the 
Diimn^ and lie outside the bar and maintain an outride blockaiic. A^e^ 



250 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING 8QUADB0N. 

your vessel could not for a moment contend with an ironclad, you will, 
if attacked, avoid an engagement. 
Respectfully, etc., 

S. F. Du Pont, 
Rear-AdmiToL 

Lieutenant-Commander L. H. Newman, 

U. S. S. Dawn, Osnabmo. 



Order of Rear-Admiral Du Pmit^ TJ. S, Nwvy, to Captain Itodgen^ 
U. S. Navy^ comnvanding U. S. S. WeeJumkm, to a^unie charge ai 
Wassaw Sound, Georgia. 

Flagship Wabash, 
Pi/rt Royal Harbor, S. C.^ Juna 10^ 1863. 
Sir: A report has reached me through deserters that the ironclad 
Atlanta will probably attempt to-night to attack the Cimarron. 

Yow will therefore proceed at once with the Weehmoken to Wassaw 
and take charge of those waters. 
Another ironclad will be sent as soon as possible. 
Respectfully, etc., 

S. F. Du Pont, 

Rear-Ad/nivral. 

Captain J. Rodgers, 

U. S. S. Weehawkm. 



Order ofRear-AdrtiiralDu PontyU. S. Navy, to Commander Daume*^ 
IT. S. jVavy, c(/m7nanding th^ U. S. S. Nahai^t^ to pi*oceed to Tf^w- 
naw Sound, Georgia. 

Flagship Wabash, 
Port Royal Ilai^vr, S. CI, June 10^ 1863. 
Sir: You will, on the receipt of this order, proceed at once with the 
Nahant, in tow of the Prometlieus, to Waasaw, reporting on your 
arrival to Captain ^lohn Rodgers, senior officer present. 

Information has been received that the rebel ironclad Atlamia is 
about to attack our vessels there. 
Respectfully, etc., 

S. F. Du Pont, 

Rear-Admiral'. 

Commander J. Downes, 

U. S. S. Nahant, North Edisto. 



Order of Rear- Admiral Du Poivt, U. S. Navjf,to Commander Rodaers^ 
U. S. Navy, Henior officer, to dUpatch jf. S. S. Nahant with all 
haute to Wassaw Sound, in view of proposed attack ly irondad 
Atlanta. 

Flagship Wabash, 
Port Royal Harbor, S. C, June 10, 1863. 
Sir: Enclosed are orders to Comnmndor Downes. Please dispatch 
the Nahant with all haste. Information was received to-day from 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING 8QUADB0N. 251 

deserters from Savannah that the ironclad Atlanta will probably attack 
to-night the Cimarron at Wassaw, and subsquently the army forces 
at Ossabaw. Captain John Kodgers leaves here this afternoon if 
possible. 

The Prcmietheus will tow the NaJvant directly to Wassaw. If the 
Prometheus is not able to tow the Nahant, you will order the Damde- 
lion to tow her. 

If it should so happen that the Nahant is not ready, you will please 
dispatch the first one that is ready for immediate service. 
Respectfully, etc., 

S. F. Du Pont, 

Rear-Admiral, 

Ck)mmander G. W. Rodgebs, 

U. S. S. Catskill, Senior Officer of North Edisto, 

P. S. — You will send Pilot Cooke to Wassaw on the Nahant 

S. F. D. P., 

Rear-Admiral. 



Report of Rear- Admiral Du Pont, U. S. Namf, regardhig pilots in 

the squadron. 

No. 290.] Flagship Wabash, 

Part Royal Harbor, S. C, June 10, 1863. 
Sir: I have the honor to report to the Department that, in accord- 
ance with its orders ^iven in its dispatch of April 18, I have made the 
following division of the pilots in the squadron: R. B. K. Murphy, 
first-class pilot; Charles Cooke, first-class pilot; I. Mullens, third-class 
pilot. 

There are several acting masters in the squadron who are used chiefly 
as pilots, but as they are also acting masters I have not mentioned 
them. 

I desire to add that I have also made use of the services of certain 
contraband pilots, and have authorized the payment to them some- 
times of $30 and sometimes of $40 per month. 

May . I hope that this course meets with the approval of the Depart- 
ments They are skillful and competent. 

Very respectf ullv, your obedient servant, 

S. F. Du Pont, 
Rear- Admiral, Comdg. South Atlantic Blockading Squadron. 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of the Navy, Washington, D. C. 



Letter of Brim^dier' General Benham, U. S. Army, to Captain Dray- 
ton, U. S. Nam/, regarding disposit/ion ofna/val vessels. 

Hdqrs. Northern District, Dept. of the South, 

Stono River, S. C, June 10, 1863. 
Captain: I have the pleasure of forwarding to you a copy of the 
orders 1 have issued for the operations of our troops to-morrow morn- 
ing, intended to break up the batteries that have oeen shelling y^^^ 
boats and General Wright's camp to-day. 



252 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADBON. 



1 would respectfully suggest, for the aid you so kindly offered 
from your gunboats, that, say, two should aid (xeneral Stevens on our 
right and be in communication with him and that two others should 
be, say, where the Ilnron was to-day, just above his camp, to cross 
fire in his front and to shell the woods beyond, where they feel assured 
that they know where our forces arc. Another boat could be well 
oc<5upied in commanding the road just this side of Newton's [Newtown] 
Cut, to prevent or annoy reinforcements of the enemy. 
This road 1 learn can be covered in part from your gunboats. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

H. W. Benham, 
Brigadier' General^ Commanding. 

Captain Percival Drayton, 

U. S. Namj^ Senior Namal Officer. 



Report of Rear- Admiral Du Pont^ IL S. Navy^ transmitting^ reports 
of Commodore Turner^ U, S. Navy^ regarding the deatructvon of the 
blockade runner Ilavelock. 

No. 312] Flagship Wabash, 

Port Royal Harbor ^ June 16^ 1863. 

Sib: I have the honor to report to the Department that on the niffht 
of the 5th instant a steamer attempted to run out of Charleston. She 
was turned back by the Wissahiacon^ which vessel pursued her over 
the bar, firing at her repeatedly. The steamer was sunk.* 

From subsequent information from two deserters from Charleston, 
whom I send north by the Massach^isetts^ there is reason to believe this 
steamer was the Isaac Smith. 

I have further to report that on the night of the 10th instant another 
steamer attempted to run the blockade into Charleston by the Lawf ord 
Channel. She was fired at by several of the vessels, but in the dark- 
ness eluded them. On the next morning at daylij^ht she was discov- 
ered on shore at the north end of Folly Island on Me, which, however, 
did not destroy the vessel. 

She was a large side-wheel steamer, and is supposed by Commodore 
Turner to be the IIavelocl\ but this is not vet certainly ascertained. 

I forward herewith (marked No. 1 and No. 2) the reports of Com- 
modore Turner. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

S. F. Du Pont, 
Rear 'Admirals, Comdg. South Atlantic BlockadAng Squaaran. 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of the j^avy, Washingto7i. 

[Enclosure No. 1.] 

U. S. S. New Ibonsides, 
Of Charlesto7i, S. C, June 11, 1863. 
Admiral: I have the honor to report, shortly after my arrival last 
night from Port Royal, just about sunset, black smoke was discovered 
to the southward and eastward, very far off. Thinking it might be a 



*8ee abstract log of the U. S. 8. Wiseahickonj June 5. 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 258 



blockade runner. I dispatched the PowJvatan in pursuit of her. She 
was in search of ner all night, but without success. 

At about half an hour after midnight a steamer, which I supposed 
to be the same one, endeavored to pass into Lawford Channel through 
the lower lines.^ She was immediately and sharply fired upon by the 
Memphis^ Stettm^ and Ottawa^ but succeeded in getting in and passing 
them. 

This morning at daylight she was discovered on shore on the north- 
em part of Folly Island on fire fore and aft. 

She is a very large steamer with side wheels, and is evidently a 
vessel of the first class. I am in hopes it is the Havelock. 

I sent in about sunrise this morning detachments from the Pmohatan 
and S^ago for the purpose of extinguishing the fire if pjossible, and 
to see what prospect there was for wrecking her or getting her off, 
but as the boats approached her the batteries on the lower end of 
Morris Island opened upon them, throwing their shell, which exploded 
entirely over her. I was therefore obliged to recall them, which I 
anticipated I should have to do. 

About 8 o'clock this morning an explosion took place on board of 
her, when her mainmast went b^ the board, so I imagine that nothing 
could have been done with her if I had not been molested. 

She lies abreast of our upper encampment, and doubtless was run 
ashore in a sinking condition to save her from sinking in the channel. 

I hope to be able to hear something definite about her (her name, 
etc) from the general commanding on shore in a few days, when I will 
write to you. 

During my absence at Port Royal there was no attempt made to run 
in or out by anybody. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

T. Turner, 
Commodore. 

Bear-Admiral S. F. Du Pont, 

Commanding South Atlantic Blockading Sqiuidron. 

[Enclosure No. 2.] 

U. S. S. New iRONsroEs, 
Of Charleston., S. (7., Jun^ IS, 1863. 
Admiral: I have the honor to inform you that I went into Stono 
yesterday for the purpose of reconnoitering the steamer that was 
driven on shore nignt before last. Accompanied by General Vogdes, 
I went up to the northern end of Folly Island and got within a couple 
of hundred yards of the steamer, where 1 had an opportunity of seeing 
her most closelv. 

She is, as I nave described her m a preWous letter, a very large 
steamer, and doubtless the Haveloch, now called the Beauregard or 
the Briimmia^ one of the three, including the Georqiana., that were 
talked of so much in England at the time tney were fitted out. 

She lies a total wreck within about 800 yards of the lowest rebel 
battery on Morris Island, and is directly in front of a section of artil- 
lery belonging to ourselves much nearer than the rebel battery. 

General Vogdes succeeded in getting a couple of men on board of 
her in the dark night before last, who were secreted there all day yes- 
terday, and I think were discovered by the rebels before sunset to be 
chere; for about 6 o'clock in the afternoon they opened a sharp fire 



254 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 

upon the wreck, which brought about rapid cross firing between onr 
batteries and the rebels. 

General Vogdes, assisted by Captain Balch, may be able to obtain 
some imperishable articles from her by working at night. 

It is impossible for me to do anything on this side to aid them. 
The breakers on the sea side make a clean breach over her. 

She is nearly high and dry at low water. I may be able to discover 
her name in a day or two. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

T. Turner, 
Commodore, 

Rear- Admiral S. F. Du Pont, 

Commanding South Atlantic Blockading Squadron. 



Report of Rear-Admiral Du Pont^ U. S. NoAyy^ of the arrival of ves- 
sels at Port Royal. 

No. 291.] Flagship Wabash, 

Port Royal Harbor^ S. CI, Jun^ 11^ 1863. 
Sir: I have the honor to report to the Department the arrival of the 
U. S. S. Memphis^ on the 8th instant, and of the U. S. schooner 
O. W. Bhmt^ on the 9th instant. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

^ ^ ^. F.DUPONT, 

Rear- Admiral^ Comdg. South Atlantic Blockading SqwMron. 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of the ^avy^ Washington^ D. C 



Report of Commander Drake^ U, S. JVavy^ commandina the U. S. S. 
Cimarron^ if the grounding of that vessel, 

U. S. S. Cimarron, 

Wassaw Sounds Georgia^ June 1^^ 1863. 
Sir: I have the honor to inform the Department that yesterday 
morning at about 9 a. m., while running in from the outer buoy to my 
usual anchorage, this vessel got ashore on the edge of the northeni 
shoal in consequence of the strong ebb tide and the engines catching 
on the center; she lay easily, and at 11 a. m. the tide served and she 
was towed off by the steamer Ddmcare. Up to the present time she 
has shown no evidence of damage, not leaking more tnan usual, and I 
think she has sustained no injury. The anchor was let go at the report 
of 2 fathoms from the chains, but she swung aground, leaving 3 fath- 
oms on port side, and taking ground just abaft starboard whcelhouse. 
I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

A. J. Drake, 
Commander^ U. Navy. 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of the Nwvy^ Washington., I). C. 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 255 



Ldtet from Rear-Admiral Dm, Pont^ U. S. Navy^ to Assistant Bou- 
telle^ U. S. Coast Sv/rvey^ expressing appreciation for important 
services Tendered. 

Flagship Wabash, 
P(/rt Royal Harhor, S. C\, June 12^ 1863. 
Sib: I take pleasure in acknowledging your two communications of 
the 10th instant, one detailing the services of the U. S. Coast Survey 
steamer Bibh in this squadron, and the other referring particularly to 
the lighting of the Southeast Channel into Port Royal Harbor. 

Your services have not only been of great value in the surveving of 
the different sounds on this coast, but you have at all timo^ exhibited 

Sromptitude and earnestness in carrying out the iustmctions of the 
uperintendent of the Coast Survey in aiding in every possible way 
my operations. 

Yon have, since the Bibh rejoined this squadron on the 27th Novem- 
ber last, surveyed the entrance to Georgetown Harbor, were survey- 
ing, connected with the coal depot and wharf to be constructed at 
Bay Point, arranged the beacons and for the lighting of the South- 
east Channel of this port, visited with Mr. A. Goodwin, light- 
house engineer, every harbor between St. Helena and St. Augustme, 
and aidedand assisted him in carrying out his orders. 

You also made important surveys on Charleston Bar in January 
last, and previous to uie attack on the fort^ in April, in which attack 
your executive officer, Mr. Piatt, acted as i)ilot to the WeeJiawken. 

Since that time you have been engaged in buoying Ossabaw Bar and 
in making a complete resurvey of the bar of Port Roval and the 
channels entering it, marking by buoys the middle grounct of the har- 
bor and other dangerous spots. 

In a previous letter I have expressed my commendation of your con- 
duct in seeking after and towing the army transport steamer Pilot 
Boy to this port, and I am pleased to hear that General Foster has in 
a written communication expressed his acknowledgment of your serv- 
ices in that case. 

But apart and aside from the duties alluded to above^ the Bihh has 
been employed constantly as a dispatc^h vessel in conveymg important 
orders connected with the naval operations in this squaaron, where 
she has been of essential use, particularly since the withdrawal of the 
Water Witch. 

In closing our official intercourse I deem it an act of simple duty to 
express to you my appreciation and thanks for the important services 
you have rendered your country and the aid you have been to me as 
commander in chief of this squadron while carrying out the duties of 
your own particular department. 

I have ever found you prompt, zealous, intelligent, and obliging, 
and I shall always esteem it a privilege to bear testimony to the same. 
I am, etc., respectfully, 

S. F. Du Pont, 

Rear-Adniiral, 

Captain C. O. Boutelle, 

Assistant^ Coast Survey^ U. S. S. Bibb. 

N W B — VOL 14 17 



258 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



if our forces should attack at this time they would not experience 
serious difficulty in capturing the place. 

I give these reports for what they are worth, at the same time stat- 
ing that from the character of the informant they are worthy of some 
consideration. 

Very respectfully, 

H. S. OliOOTT, 

Special Commissioner of War Department. 



Report of Rear- Admiral Du Pont^ U. S, Navy^ of the arrival of 
U. S. S. Water Witch at Port Roya\ S. 0. 

No. 307.] FLAGsrap Wabash, 

Port Royal Ilarlm^ S. C, June 1863. 
Sir: I have the honor to report to the Department the arrival here 
this afternoon of the U. S. S. Water Witch^ Lieutenant-Commander 
A. Pendergiust. 

Very respcctfullv, your obedient servant, 

S. F. Du Pont, 
Rear- Admiral^ Comd<j, South Atlantic Blockading Squadron. 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of the Navy ^ Washington^ D, C. 



Report of ReaT- Admiral Du Pont^ U. S. Navy, qimnq the stations of 
vessels of South Atlantic BlocJcuding iiqtuia/ron. 

No. 309. J Flagship Wabash, 

Port Royal Harbor^ S. June 16, 1863. 

Sir: I have the honor to report to the Department the following 
positions on blockade of the vessels of this squadron: 

Off Murrcll's Inlet, U. S. S. F'aviheau. 

At Georgetown, U. S. S. Con<miaugh. 

Off Builds Bay, U. S. S. South Carolina. 

Off Charleston, U. S. steamers New Irmisid^^s, Ilousatonic, Pmchaian, 
Flag, Jam^H Adg^r, Sebago, Chippewa, Lodima, Marhleliead, Unadilln, 
Ottawa, Huron, Wissahickon, Stettin, Memphis, Da^xdelion, and schoon- 
ers Norfolk Packet and G. W Blunt. 

In Stono, U. S. steamers Pawnee, Commx>dore McDonough^ and 
schooner C, P, Williams. 

In St. Helena, U. S. bark lUng-fiislier. 

In North Edisto, U. S. ironclads Catskill, Montauk, Nantucket, and 
Patapsco. 

In Wassaw, U. S. ironcliuls Weehawken and Nahant, and U. S. S. 
Cimm'i^on. 
In Ossabaw. U. S. S. Dami, 

Guarding St. Catherine's, Sapelo, Doboy, and St. Simon's, U. S. 
steamers Paul Jones, Wamsutfa, Madgie, and bark Femandina. 
In St. Andrew's, U. S. bark BraziUera. 
At Femandina, U. S. S. Potomska. 

In St. •John's, U. S. steamers F. B. ITale, Norwich, and Uncos. 
Off Mosquito Inlet, U. S. schooner Pai^a. 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 259 

In Port Royal, flagship Wahash; stx)reships Vermont and Valparaiso. 
Undergoing repairs and taking in stores, U. S. stemners Canayidaigna^ 
Auffvsta. Water Witch^ and bark Midmght; tugs Oleander^ Daffodil^ 
O. M. Pettitj (hhmbins^ Rescue^ and dispatch schooner Ilo2)e. 
As guard ship, Port Royal, U. S. S. Mohawk. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

S. F. Du Pont, 
Rear-Admiral^ Coindg. South Atl<i7itic Blockadhuj Sqnadro7i. 
Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of the Navy ^ Washington^ D. C. 



General order of Rear- Admiral Du Pont^ U. S. Nany^ regarding warn- 
ings to he given to suspected vessels. 

General Order, I Fi.agship Wabash, 

No. 32. ) Port Royal IlarUr, S. C, June 15, 1863. 

Sir: In order to avoid diflSculties, the commanding ofBcei's of the 
vessels of the South Atlantic Blockading Squadron are directed to have 
one small gun loaded with blank cartridges to be used by da}- as a pre- 
paratory warning to vessels suspected of an attempt to run the blockade. 

Vice- Admiral Milne has issued a circular directing that ''Her 
Majesty's ships when approaching blockading squadrons, are to take 
every care in steaming, regulating their speed, etc., so as to give no 
ground for the Federal cruisers to suspect that a deception is being 
practiced on them." 

S. F. Du Pont, 

Rear-Admiral. 

Order of Rear- Admiral Du Pont, U. S. Navy^ to Captain Green, U. S. 
Navy, comitianding the U. S. S. Canaimmgua. 

Flagship Wabash, 
Port Royal Harhm\ S. June 15, 1863. 
Sir: You will proceed with the Canandai^mi under )^our command 
off Charleston and report for blockading duty to Commodore Turner, 
the senior officer present. 
Respectfully, etc., 

S. F. Du Pont, 

R far- Admiral. 

Captain J. F. Green, 

U. S. S. Caiiandaigua. 



Order of Rear-Admiral Du Pont^ TL S. Navy, to Commodore Turner, 
if. S. Navy, to dispatch the U. S. S. Sd)ago to Port Royal. 

Flagship Wabash, 
Port Royal Harbor, S. C, June 15, 1863. 
Sir: You will please dispatch the Sebago to Port Royal on Wednes- 
day morning nei^ the 17th instant. 
Respectfully, etc., 

S. F. Du Pont, 

Rtar- Admiral. 

Commodore T. Turner, 

U. S. S. New Ira?mdes, off Charleston. 



262 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING 8QUADB0N. 



[Enclosure.] 

U. S. S. CiMABRON, 

Wcissaw Sou7id, Georgia^ June ^, 1863. 

Sir: I obtained the following infonnation from F. T. Rose, master 
of the sloop Evening Star^ viz: That the ironclad steamer Georgia 
is lying fast in the marsh in Savannah River, opposite Fort Jackson, 
on port side. She has not power enough to stem the tide. She has 
on board a battery consisting of six 32-pounder guns, two or three of 
which are rifled. The ironclad steamer Finqal lies between the 
obstructions in the riv^er and Elba Island. Her battery consists of two 
7i-inch and two IX-inch guns, and has about eighty of a crew. She is 
considered the best steamer in the fleet. There is also another iron- 
clad steamer (name unknown) lying at Villing's [Willink's] shipyard. 
Her machinery is all built with the exception of smokestack. Her 
battery, which is on board, consists of tour 9-inch rifled guns. She is 
expected to l)c ready in about two weeks. There is also a small tow- 
boat, carrying a 32-pounder pivot gun, lying between Fort Jackson 
and the ram Fingal^ and also a steamer, which is a tender to the ram 
FingaJ^ carrying one 7-inch gun forward and one 7-inch gun aft; con- 
sidered very slow. 

There arc also two or three small steamere without guns used as 
transports for troops. There are also two ironclad rams underway on 
the stocks at Cranscn's and Hock's [Krenson and Hawkes'J shipyard. 
They are not expected to be read}- l)efore eight or nine months. The 
rumor in Savannah is that as soon as the new steamer is ready, which 
will be about the 15th of June, they intend making an attack on Fort 
Pulaski. The o])structions in Savannah River are, one opoosite Vill- 
ing's [Willink's] shipyard, another below Fort Jackson, ana another 3 
miles below Thunderbolt, consisting of large oak trees. The channel is 
clear for a ship drawing from 14 to 16 feet of water on the right-hand 
bank of the river. The water in the channel on the left hand is 
between 16 and 17 feet. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

A. J. Drake, 

(kminan(hi\ Commanding U. S, S. Cimarron. 

Rear- Admiral S. F. Du Pont, 

Corndg. South Atlunfir Wochtding Sguadrony Port Royid^ S. C. 



Order of Rear- Admiral Du Pont, U. S. Navy^ to Commander Par- 
rott^ U. S. Navy^ commanding the U. S. S. Augmta^ t^ proceed of 
Charleaton^ C. 

Flagship Wabash, 
Port Royal Harbor, June 16, 1863. 
Sir: You will please proceed with the Augusta under your com- 
mand off Charleston ana report for blockading duty to Oommodoro 
Turner, senior officer present. 

You will take up with you four calkera, with their tools and mate- 
rials to be put on board tne Lod<ma, 

Respectfullv, your obedient servant, 

S. F. Du Pont, 

Rear-Admiral, Corndg. Soath Atlantic BlocJcading Squadron. 

Commander E. G. Pakuott, 

U. S. S. Augusta J Po7*t Royal. 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 263 

Order of Commcmder Balch^ IT. 8. Na^^y^ to Captain Rice^ U. S. 
Anny^ to report to the coinmandmg officer of Ms reghnen t, 

U. S. Steam Srx)OP Pawnee, 
Stono Tnlet^ South Carol hia^ June 16, 1863. 
Captain: You will report with your command to the cominanding 
officer of your regiment as soon as'praeticable. 
Veiy respectfully, your obedient servant, 

Geo. B. Baix^h, 
C(/7n/na?id<Y a^id Senior Officer Present, 

Captain Henry Rice, 

Comdg. Detachment 76th Pa. Vols.^ Stono Inlet . 



Order of Commodore Turner., U. S. Wavy., to Commander Patterf<(ni, 
U. S. Navy., commanding U. S. aS. James Adger. 

U. S. S. New Ironsides, 
Off Chart est (m, S. C, June 17, 186 J. 
Sir: You will proceed at once with the Jame^ Adgtr under your 
command to Port Koyal and report yourself to Adniiml Du Pont!^ 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

T. Turner, 

t \n)rmod<^ri\ 

C>>mmander Thomas [II.] Patterson, 

Commanding U. S. S. Janws Adger. 



Capture of tilt C. S. S. Atlmda, June 17, 1863. 
Report of Rear-Admiral Du Font, U. 8. Navy. 

No. 316.] Flagship Wabash, 

Port Royal HarUr, S. June 17, 1863. 
Sir: Having reason to believe that the Atlanta Viudi other rebel iron- 
clads at Savannah were about attempting to enter Wassaw Sound l>y 
Wilmington River for thepuri>ose of attacking the blockading vessels 
there and in the sounds farther south, I dispatched some days ago the 
Weehawlcen, Captain John Kodgers, from tJiis poit, and the Aahaid, 
Commander J. Downes, from Korth Edisto, to Wassaw, where the 
Cimarron, Commander Drake, was maintaining the inside blockade. 

I have the satisfaction to report to the Department that this morn- 
ing the Atlanta came down by Wilmington Kiver into Wassaw Sound 
and was captured. This information has just })een received in a tele- 
gram from Fort Pulaski, sent by Captain John Kodgers. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

S. F. Du Pont, 
Rear- Admiral., Comdg. South Atlantic Bhtclading Sfjuudron. 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of the Navy, Wash ingtfm, 1) C. 



264 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



Additional report of Bear-Admiral Dn Pont, U. 8. Nafj. 

No. 317.] Flagship Wabash, 

Port Royal Harbor , S. (7., June 17^ 186S. 
Sir: I have the honor to inform the Department that since mailing 
my dispatch No. 316 I have received further details of the capture 
of the Atlanta^ sent through the kindness of Colonel Barton by tele- 
graph from Fort Pulaski. 

Tne Atlunta^ Captain William Webb, came down this morning via 
Wilmington River to attack our vessels in Wassaw, accompanied by 
two wooden steamers, filled, it is said, with persons as spectators. 
The ^Yee1^Jawken. Captain John Rodgers, at once engaged her, firing in 
all five shots, tnree of which took effect, penetrating her armor and 
killing or wounding the crews of two guns. Two or three of the 
pilots were also badly wounded and the pilot house broken up, where- 
upon the vessel grounded and immediately after surrendered. The 
Weehaioketi was not hit. The armament of tiie Atlwnta, was two 
7-inch and two 6-inch Brooke guns. She is but slightly injured. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

S. F. Du Pont, 
Eear-Admlral^ Coindy. South Atl<i7itic Blockading Squaichron. 

Hon. Gideon Wp:lles, 

Secretary oftlw Navy^ Waffkmgton. 

P. S. —The officers and crew of the Atlanta numbered 165 persons. 

S. F.D. P. 



Beport of Bear-Admiral Dn Font, U. 8. Navy, transmitting raporti. 

No. 320.] Flagship Wabash, 

Fort Royal Ilarhor^ S. C, June 19, 1863. 

Sir: I have the honor to forward herewith (marked No. 1) the inter- 
esting report of Captain John Rodgers, of the Weehawken^ of the cap- 
ture on tne 17th instant of the Confederate ironclad steamer AtUmtd, 
better known as the FmgaU as well as the report to Captain Rodgers 
of Commander Downes, of the Nahant^ who participated in the cap- 
ture (marked No. 2). 

The Fhujal^ in a dense fog, ran the blockade of Savannah a few days 
after the Port Roval forts were taken, in November, 1861. 

She has been closely watched ever since, and, as in the case of the 
Nashville^ the long and ceaseless vigilance of my officers has been 
rewarded. The Atlaiita is now in Port Roj-al under the American 
flag, having, unaided, steamed into this harbor from Wassaw. 

The Department will notice in this event how well Captain Rodgers 
has sustained his distinguished reputation and added to the list of the 
brilliant services which he has rendered to his country during this 
rebellion. It will be my duty to recapitulate these services which 
have taken place during his connection with my command in another 
communication. 

Commander Downes, with his usual fjallantry, moved as rapidly as 
possible toward the enemy, reserving his fire until he could get into 
close action, l)ut lost the opportunity, from the brief nature of the 
engagement, of using his battery, 

I have been told that the Confederate Govei*nment considered the 
Atlanta as the most efficient of their ironclads. 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



265 



The officers and crew of the Atlanta,, with the exception of the 
wounded and one of the surgeons, have ]>een transferred to the U. S. S. 
James Adger^ to be conveyed to Fortress Monroe. A list is herewith 
enclosed (marked No. 3). 

I can not close this dispatch without calling the attention of the 
Department to the coolness and gallantry of Acting Master Benjamin 
\V. Loring, especially recommended by Captain Rodgers. I trust that 
the Department will consider his services as worthy of considemtion. 

I forward herewith (marked Nos. 4, 5, and 6) the list* of the officiirs 
and crews of the Weehmcken and Naluint and Cimarron. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

S. F. Du Pont, 
Rear-Admiral^ Comdg, South Atlantic Blochiding jSfjnadron. 
Hon. OiDEON Welles, 

Secretary of the Namj. 



S«port of Captain Sodgen, U. 8. Havy, commanding U. 8. 8. Weehawken. 

U. S. S. Weehawken. 
W(maw Sounds Georgia^ June 17^ 18GS. 
Sib: I have the honor to report that this morning at 4: 10 an iron- 
clad vessel was discovered commg down, at the mouth of Wihnington 
River: also two other steamers, one a side-wheel and the other a 
propeller. 

Beat to quarters and commenced clearing the ship for action. At 
4: 20 slipped the cable and steamed slowly down toward the northeast 
end of Yv assaw Island. At 4: 30 turned and stood up the sound, head- 
ing for the ironclad, which at this time was discovered to have the 
rebel flaff flying. 

The ivaAan/, having no pilot, followed in our wake. 

At 4: 55 the enemy, being about li miles distant, fired a rifle shot, 
which passed across our stern and struck near the Xahant. 

At this time the enemy was Ij'ing across the channel waiting our 
attack. At 5:15, being distant from him about 300 yards, we com- 
menced firing. At 5:30 the enemy hauled down his colors and hoisted 
the white flag, we having fired five shots; steamed near the ironclad 
and ordered a boat to be sent alongside. At 5:45 Lieutenant Alexan- 
der came on board to surrender the Confederate ironclad Atlanta, 
He reported the vessel aground on the sand spit that makes to the 
southeast from Cabbage Island. 

Shortlv afterwards Captain W. A. Webb came on board and deliv- 
ered up his sword. 

Sent a prize crew to take charge of the vessel under the conmiand 
of Lieutenant-Conunander D. B. Harmony, of the jVa/umt. Sent also 
Lieutenant-Commander J. J. Cornwell, of this vessel, and Acting First 
Assistant Engineer J. G. Young to t^ike charge of the engine. 

About this time the Nahant came in collision with this vessel, strik- 
injgr her 18 inches from the end of forward overhang, starting a ])art 
oithe armor at the stern 2 inches on the top, tapering to three-fourths 
inch at water line, extending down as far as can be seen, and detaching 
the armor from the sides three-fourths inch a distance of (3 feet, tai)er- 
ing to nothing at 7 feet from the stern. The deck plating on the for- 
ward end of overhang is curved up 22 inches in length, the wood 
beneath being somewhat crushed. 



266 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADBON. 



On oxaraination it was found that the enemy had been struck four 
times, first on the in(»lined side by a XV-inch cored shot, which, although 
fired at an angle of 50 degrees with her keel, broke in the armor and 
wood backing, strewing the deck with splinters, prostrating about ii» 
men by the concussion and wounding several by broken pieces of 
armor and splinters. One man has since died. 

The se(iona shot, Xl-inch solid, struck the edge of overhane (knuckle), 
doing no damage except breaking a plate or two. The thira shot, XV- 
inch cored, struck the top of the pilot house, knocking it off, wounding 
two pilots*, and stunning the men at the wheel. The fourth shot, sup- 
posed to be the Xl-inch, struck a port stopper in the center, breaking 
it in two and shattering it very much, driving many fragments in 
through the port. At 8: 30 the engine of the Atlmita was reversed by 
Engineer J. G. Young, and the vessel backed off into deep water where 
she was brought to an anchor. 

The wounded, 10 in number, were removed to the steamer Island 
City^ which had been kindly brought over from Fort Pulaski hy Colo- 
nel Barton, U. S. Army. 

The officers of the vessel were sent to the tug Olmnder^ and a por- 
tion of the crew to the U. S. S. Chmrron for transportation to rovt 
Royal. 

The Atlunta was found to have mounted two 6-inch and two 7-inch 
rifles, the 6-inch in broadside, the 7-inch working on a pivot either as 
broadside or bow and stern guns. There is a large supply-of ammu- 
nition for these guns and other stores, said to be of great value by 
some of the officers of the vessel. 

There were on board at the time of capture, as per muster roll, 21 
oflScers and 124 men, including 28 marines. 

The captured Confederate officers told me that they thought we 
should find the speed of the Atlanta reach 10 knots. They believe her 
the strongest ironclad in the ConfedemcT and confidently anticipated 
taking both the Nah<tnt and the Weeha/wKen. 

The behavior of. the officers and crew was admirable. 

Lieutenant-Commander J. J. Cornwell did his duty zealously and 
efiiciently. Acting Master Benj. W. Loring, whom I recommended 
for promotion for gallant behavior imder the fire of Fort Darling, 
served the guns admimbly, as the result shows. His energy and cool- 
ness were everything which could be wished. Executive Officer Lieu- 
tenant-Commander J. J. Cornwell informs me that on the berth dock 
the powder and shell divisions, under Acting Master C. C. Kingsbury, 
wore the aspect of exercise so completely that no one would have 
thought the vessel was in action. 

The engine, under the direction of Acting First Assistant Engineer 
James G. Young, alwavs in beautiful order^ was well worked. Mr. 
Young has, 1 hope, by his participation in this action, won the promo- 
tion ror which, on account of his skill and valuable services, 1 have 
already recommended him. 

In a word, everv man in the vessel did his duty. 
1 have the honor to be, your obedient servant, 

JOUN RODGEBS, 

Captain. 

Rear- Admiral S. F. Du Pojrr, 

Cmmandiny South Atlmitic Blockading Squachvn. 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 267 



Beport of Commander Downei, U. 8. Vavy, eommanding U. 8. 8. Hahant 

U. S. Ironclad Steamer Nahant, 

Wa^smvj Sound, June 18^ 1863. 
Sib: I have the honor to submit the following statement of the jmr- 
tieipation of this vessel in the capture of the rebel ironclad steamer 
Atlanta^ captured by the WeeJuiwken and Nahant yesterday a. m. in 
these waters. 

The AUantn was first discovered at early dawn, about 3 miles dis- 
tant, standing toward us, coming out from the Wilmington Kiver, and 
rapidly approaching. At first she was mistaken for our usual visitor, 
a steamer that had reconnoitered us daily at about this hour; but a 
few moments sufficed to show us the true character of the vessel, and 
we instantly commenced weighing anchor and clearing ship for action. 
The Weehawken^ slipping her cable, passed us, standing out seaward, 
at about 4: 45 a. m., clearing ship for action, and in a few moments, 
our anchor being weighed, we followed in her wake. At this time the 
Atlanta fired the first shot, which passed close to our pilot house. 
The Weehuwken, having at that time turned, was approaching the 
enemy, who continued, nowcver, to direct his fire upon us, though 
without eifect. At 5 a. m. the Weehawken closed with the enemy and 
opened fire on him with accuracy, this vessel approaching at the time 
with the intention of running him aboard ]>eforo delivering fire, but 
at the fourth fire of the Wemawken the enemy struck and hoisted the 
white flag; the firing ceasing after one more shot from the Weehawken^ 
this vessel not having had flie satisfaction of expending one shot in 
reply to the enemy's fire, which had been directea exclusively at her. 

Lieutenant-Commander Harmony proceeded on board the prize at 
5:30, taking possession and hoisting the American ensign. 

During the action two of the enemy's armed steamers were in sight 
up the river, crowded with people, apparently observing the progress 
of events, who steamed off up the river when the result was attained. 

The behavior of officers and men was, as usual, everything that 
could be desired. Acting Ensign Clark, though quite sick and under 
the doctor's charge, proceeded to his station at the first call and 
remained there until the affair was decided. 

I am, respectfully, your obedient servant, 

John Downes, 

Commander. 

Captain John Rodgers, 

Senior Officer Present^ TJ. S. S. Weeliauoken. 



Report of the master at arms of the U. 8. ship Vermont, of prisoners received on board. 

U. S. Ship Vermont, 
Port Royal Ilarhm^, S. June 19. 1863. 
List of the officers and crew of the late Confederate ironclad steamer 
Atlanta^ who were received on l)oard this ship from the Island CUy^ 
Cimarro7i^ and Oleander: 

Offi<kfr8. — William A. Webb, commander: W. Alexander, first 
lieutenant; Alphonse Barbot, second lieutenant; G. H. Arledge, third 
lieutenant; T. L. Wragg, master; R. J. Freeman^ :iuv^v^ow\ 
GJbbes, assistant surgeon (to remain); J. Micou, paym»ii\feY\ Gi. 



268 eotrra Atlantic blockabikg squabroit. 



Johnson, lirst aMmstant engineer; William T. Merrill, L. King:, J. 
S. West, second ussistant eneineers; J. A, G. William.son, J. A. 
Peterj^, niid^^hipmen; William McBlair, uiasteFs mate; T. B. Tmvers, 
giiimer; J* Thurston^ finst lieutenant nmrineM; G. W, Carey, pajmaB* 
t*?r-s f^Ierk; John Turner, stirt^-eonV Hteward {to renuuH to attend 
woiindi*d); James M, Fleetwood, W. W, Austin, Thomas Hernandez, 
pHots (wounded, to remain). 

f Wtf\ — Mose,^ Holmes^ captai n * s steward ; Tlioma8 liroi?? i ii , eoxswai n ; 
Fatriek Jud^e, ship-:? steward; G* W, Hardmstle, airijent^r'i^ mate; 
Patriek Caltalian, quarter gunner; W» I. Kelley, ship's corporal; 
Thomas Holoies, quartermaster; John Kavenagh, gunner; C Cap- 
pell, muster; Joh'j Oarrigan, quartermaster; George Gnmt, engineer's 
yeon^aii; John E, Petti john, boatj^iwain'w mate; John Connelly, John 
Cluntey, gunner's mates; Michael McEntee, ([uarter gunner; l?dward 
ThompHon, boatswain's mate; Alexander Grogan, master at arms; 
Tliomas ]McGuiri% nhip's yeoman; John Chatt^^rson, captain of hold; 
W' illiam Norber^ tjuarter gunner; L. Fnlluiaii, s^hip's cook; Michael 
(iearou, wardroom steward; John Malloj, wardroom cook; Janie^ 
Cniwford, coxswain; Martin Fanning, captain ot after guard; John 
Sheehan, J* W, Johnson, E: E. Bradshaw, Fmnk Tar box, Thoniaa 
Batesj W» Hughes, M. L. Jones, M. Malltiny, AV. B. Moore, sea- 
men; John Minnex, Job Smith, A, G. CHbsson, IL 8. Parker^ T, F, 
Ekgan, Pati ick Eagan, M* Henuet^sy, T. M. Young, James Bfignell, 
G. W. English, Henrj^ Nicbolsj George W* Quarles (wounded, to 
remain), B. C* 8kclton (wounded, to renmin), Thomaj^ Oannahan, R G. 
Davis, Ft'lix Ludlow^ MilCxS Cullen, Daniel Coniw, John Keed, N. 
Williams, W. B. Parker, G- F, Moore, L W, Loai-d, Solomon Keller, 
J. M. Ryals, L. Mathews, Philip AVimburn, John C. Taylor, David 
Ray, Charles Perr3% ordinary" seamen; Wesley Gaines, W» J* Huddles- 
ton, William Ryan, William A* Lamb, John K Fowler, Jacob Quint, 
John Kjivanagh, boys; David Williams, ordinary sergeant, marines; 
Edward Brennan, William Diinlop (wounded, to remain), Morris Welch, 
corporals, marines; Patrick McCabe, John Dung, T, Thndlkald, R. 
EixL'ion, John Yarborough, Patrick Jones, Daniel Riordan, Thonuiis 
Monagan (wounded, to remain), N. N. Poster, Thomas Davenney, 
Tlioma.s Donnigan, Thomas Yoitch, G. W. Andrews, Duke Malig, 
Francis Conway, Thomas Winn, Daniel Slieldon, Joseph C^smane, 
Anthon Gorcia, John Ronrke, Micha^^l Nagle, John Carr, John Brotlrick 
(fifcr), privates, marines; John Falkner, Thomas Kelley, John Dunn, 
Thomas Nolan, Michael Kane, iirst -class firemen; James Butler, Andrew 
Hart, Patrick Sullivan, Dennis McMeurtagh, se^ onddass firemen; Pat- 
rit^k Curran, Patrick Conner, Daniel Lane, J. P* Lockhardt, John 
Crowley, Edward McGee, J. W. Mulkey, coal heavers. 

James Townsend, 

Mmter at Anns. 



Order of Ecar-Admiral Dn Pont, U. 8. Kavy, to Commander EflynoHi, V. 8. Wavy* to r«tftln 
ABiifltaat Snrg-eon Qibhes, C. 8. Navy, to care fer wonnded. 

Fi^asiirf Wabash, 
Pmi Hoi/al HarUr^ July 5, 1863, 
Sir: So soon as the wounded tucn of the eapttired ironclad steamer 
Atkmia can dispense with the services of Assistant Surgeon Robert 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 269 

R. Gibbes, formerly of that steamer, he is to be sent by flag of truce 
either to Charleston or Savannah. 

Respectfully, etc., S. F. Du Pont. 

Commander W. Reynolds, 

Vermont^ Port Royal Harbor, 



Beport of Bear-Admiral Dahlgren, U. 8. Navy, regarding the services of Assistant Snr- 

geon Gibbes, C. 8. Navy. 

No. 67.] Flag Steamer Dinsmore, 

Off Morris Island, A u<ju8t 7, 1S63. 
Sir: I have to infomi the Department that I have ordered Surgeon 
R. R. Gibbes, of the Confederate steamer Atlanta^ and his steward, 
who have been retained on board the U. S. ship Vennont^ to take 
charge of the sick and wounded of the Atlanta^ to be sent north by 
the nrst public conveyance, to aw^ait the action of the Department. 
I have the honor to be, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

J. A. Dahlgren, 
Rear- Admiral, Comdg, South Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of the Namf, Washington, D, C. 



[Telegram.] 

Fort Pulaski, June 17, 1863. 
Atlanta came down this morning and was captured by the Weehaw- 
he7i. Will report soon. 

Captain Rodgers. 

Admiral Du Pont. 



[Telegram.] 

Fort Pulaski, Ga., June 17, 1863. 
1 have just returned from Wassaw Sound. Captain Rodj^ers desired 
me to report that the i^bel ironclad Atlanta, Captain William [A.] 
Webb, came down this morning, via Wihnington River, to attack our 
fleet in Wassaw. She was accompanied by two wooden steamers filled, 
I am told, with ladies as spectators. The Weehawken at once engaged 
her, firing in all five shots, three of which took effect, penetrating 
the armor and killing or wounding the crews of the two guns. Two 
out of three pilots were also badly wounded and the pilot house broken 
up, whereupon the vessel grounded and immediately thereafter sur- 
rendered. The Weehawken was not hit. The Atlanta carried 165 
oflScers and crew, and was armed with two 7-inch and two 6-inch 
Brooke guns. She was full of ammunition. Several statements are 
made as to her destination, but I think it is generally believed that she 
was bound for Port Royal. She is very little injured. Has splendid 
engine, etc., and is considered quite fast. Captain Rodgers desires a 
suitable steamer sent at once to take the prisoners to Hilton Head. 
I have the wounded now on board the Island City; she will leave for 
Hilton Head in a few moments. Captain Rodgers will send the Atlanta 
up on the next tide if the weather is perfectly suitable. 

Admiral I>u Pont and General Gillmobi:. 



270 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SUUADBON. 



[Telegram.] 

Navy Department, June SO, 1863. 
The ironclad re})el steamer Flnaal^ the best one they have, attempted 
to get to yea from Savannah on the 18th instant and was attacked and 
captured by the WeeliawTien and Nahant^ after an action of thirty 
minutes. 

G. V. Fox. 

Captain Euicsson, 

Franklin Street^ Neio York. 



[Telefirram.] 

Newtokt News, June^^^ 1863— 9:30 p. m. 

(Received 11:50 p. m.) 
Your telegram just received. Admiral Du Pont sent WeeAawien^ 
John liodgers, Nahant, Downes, to Wassaw Sound to look out for the 
Atlanta. June 17, at k\ a. m., Atlanta came down, accompanied by two 
gunhoatM. The engagement was exclusively l>etween the Weehawken 
and Atlanta, The latter mounted four of the Brooke rifles, two of 
7-inch, on bow and sterii pivots, and two of G-inch, one on each side. 
She could tight two of the former and one of the latter on a side. 
Kodgers engaged at dose (juarters. The tirst XV-inch shot fired by 
himself took off the top of Atlanta^s pilot house and wounded two of 
her three pilots. Anotner XV-inch snot struck halfway up her roof, 
iron plated, 4 inche«s thick, killing 1 and wounding 17 men. Eleven 
shots were tired in all, live by Weefnncken^ six by Atlanta. The latter 
aground, surrendered. The tight was shoit, the victoiy signal. Wee- 
hawken sustained no injury of any sort. Atlanta steers well and 
made 6 knots against a head sea going to Port Royal. She was com- 
pletely provided with instruments and stores for a regular cruise. 
She had a ram, a saw, and a torpedo on her bow. E^-Lieutenant 
• W. A. Webb commanded her. Her complement was 165 souls. Her 
wounded were left at Port Royal. The Atlanta is said to have come 
down confident of capturing the monitors elisily, and her consorts, 
filled with spectators, were prepared to tow them to Savannah. She 
will soon be ready for service under the flag of the Union. 

S. P. Lee, 
Acting Hear-Admiral. 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secniary of the Navy. 



Order of Bear-Admiral Du Font, U. 8. Navy, to Commodore Turner, V. 8. Vafj, to diipatoh 
to Fort Boyal the U. 8. 8. James Adger to take north the oi&oen and erew of the priie 
AUanto. 

Flagship Wabash, 
Port Royal Ilai^yr, 6\ C, June 17, 1863. 
Sir: You will ple4ise dispatch without delay the James Adger to 
Port Royal, or if she is not in fit condition to go north, the Augusta. 

I have the satisfaction to inform vou that the rebel ironclad Auanta^ 
formerly the Fingal^ was captured this morning at Wassaw by the 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 271 

WeeAawkt^^md her officers and crew, 165 in number, taken prisoners. 
I ¥nsh to send them north b}' one or other of tlie vessels above named. 
RespectfuUj^ etc., 

S. F. Du Pont, 

Jirar- Admiral. 

Commodore T. Turner, 

U. S. S. Neio lr(n\sid<n^ off Cliarleaton, 



Order of Bemr-Adairal Ihi Font, V. 8. Navy, to Commander Patterson, V. 8. Navy, com- 
manding U. 8. 8. Jamea Adger, to proceed to Fortresa Monroe with priaoners. 

Flaosiiip Wabash, 
Pivrt Royal ILtrlor, S, C\, June 10. 1863. 

Sir: You will proceed with the Jamcx Afl//rr under your command 
to Fortress Monroe and deliver to the proper authorities there the 
oflScers and crew of the Confederate ironclad Atlanta^ captured on the 
17th instant in Wassaw by the ironclad Wcehaicken^ a list of whom 
is herewith enclosed. 

You will also receive and transport to the same point 9 prisoners 
captured at North Eklisto by Acting Master Dutch, of the Ahuifinher^ 
and 2 others brought into our lines from Savannah by a deserter from 
tiie Confederates. Enclosed is a list of those prisonei-s. 

After delivering the above-named prisoners to the proi)er authori- 
ties, you will prot*eed at once to Philaaelphia to receive the boilers for 
the James Adger^ which, as I am informed, will !)e ready by the 4th of 
July, unless otherwise ordered by the Navy Department. 
Respectfully, etc., 

S. F. Du ToNT, 

Hear-Adnuritl, 

Commander T. H. Patterson, 

U. S. S. James Adr/er. Port Royal. 



Ltttar from Bear-Admiral Dn Font, V. 8. Navy, to Captain Bodgers, U. 8. Navy, command- 
* ing U. 8. 8. Weehawken, commending his officers and crew. 

P^LAGsiiir Wabash, 
Port Royal Harhn\ S. (\, Jane 21, 1803. 
Sir: I take great pleasure in acknowledging your oflicial rei)ort of 
the capture of the rel>el ironclad steamer Atlanta^ and congratulate 
you at having deprived the enemy of their most powerful vessel of 
war. 

You will please express to your officers and men, if you have not 
already done so, my commendation of their gallant services in this as 
on all other occasions. 

I have 8}Xicially called the attention of the Department to Acting 
Master Loring, and it is my purpose, before leaving, to write to the 
Secretary of Sie Navy my h'igli appreciation of your valuable and gal- 
lant services since you have iSien under my conmiand in this sijuadron. 
Respectfully, etc., 

S. F. Du Pokt, 

Reaj'-Admiral. 

Captain John Bodoers, 

U. S. S. Weehawken. 

JT W M — VOL 14 IS 



272 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADBON. 



Letter from Bear-Admiral Dn Pont, V. 8. ITafj, to Commander Downea, V. 8. Va^, eoB« 
manding U. 8. 8. Nahant, commending hii offloen and erew. 

Flagship Wabash, 
Pcyrt Royal Harbor, S. C, June 21^ 186S. 
Sm: I had the pleasure of receiving the official reports of Oaptain 
John Kodgers and yourself on the 19th instant detailing the circum- 
stances of the capture of the rebel ironclad steamer Atlanta^ which 
reports were at once forwarded to the Department with my dispatch 
by the James Adxjer. 

* Previous to receiving these communications I had no information 
other than that which was derived from short telegrams sent from 
Fort Pulaski. Your report enlightened me as to the position of the 
Nahant in the action, and, as might be anticipated from your well- 
known gallantry, your vessel was fast approaching the enemy to 
enrage her at close quarters when she suddenly surrendered. 

Your determination to reserve your fire was, 1 think, a wise one, 
and I do not see that there is any cause of regret for having done so, 
as you were pursuing your foe, not awaiting her approach. 

The capture of the Atla7ifa is a matter of great congratulation, and 
you will please express to your officers and crew my appreciation of 
their gallant services in this as on all other ocx^sions since the JVahant 
has been in my squadron. 

In my dispatch to the Department in referring to the Naharvt I have 
thus expressed myself: 

Ck)inniander Downes, with his usual ^llantry, moved as rapidly as poflrible 
toward the enemy, reserving his fire until he could get into close action, out lost 
the opportunity, from the brief nature of the engagement, of using his battery. 

Respectfullv, etc., 

S. F. Du Pont, 

Rear-Admiral. 

Commander John Downes, 

U. S. S. NahinU 



[Telegram.] 

Flagship Minnesota, June 2)8, 186S. 

(Received 6:45 p. m.) 
Admiral Du Font's dispatdies by the James Adger were mailed this 
afternoon. 

S. P. Lee, 
Acting Rear- Admiral. 

Hon. Gideon Welles. 



Beport of Bear-Admiral Du Pont, U. 8. Havy, tranimittixig reports of iiirvey of the piiM 

AUanto. 

No. 329.J Flagship Wabash, 

Port Royal Harbor, S. CI, June «5, 1863. 

Sir: The Department has been informed in previous dispatches of 
the capture of the Confederate ironclad steamer Atlanta. 

On the 20th iuHtant 1 ordered a strict and careful survey to be made 
of her hull, armor, machinery, armament, etc. (enclosed, marked No. 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 273 



1^, and I herewith submit the report made in pursuance thereof (marked 
^o. 2), as well as a drawing made of the vessel by Second Assistant 
Engineer P. R. Voorhes, of this ship, and a pencil sketch by Mr. Xan- 
thus Smith, Commander Corbin's clerk. 

I also forward herewith a survey upon the paymaster's stores of the 
prize (marked No. 3), part of which, as the Department will perceive, 
are reported as of good quality and fit for use in the storekeeper's 
department of the squadron. The rest of the stores are not consi(fcred 
suitable for that purpose, and it is recommended that they be sold. 
May I ask the Department to give special directions whether thoy may 
be disposed of here if practicable or whether they should be sent north"? 

I will forward by the next mail the report showing in detail the 
quantity and character of the ammunition found on board. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

S. F. Du Pont, 
Rear- Admiral^ Corndg. Sfjuth Atlantic Blockading Squadron. 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of the Namy^ Washington.^ D. C. 

[Enclosure No. 1.] 

F1.AGS111P Wabash, 
P<yrt Rm/al Harbor, S. C\, June 20, ISGL 
Gentlemen: You will please make a strict and careful survey- on the 
late Confederate ironclad steamer ^^/tf??^flr, do^scribing her hull, armor, 
machinery, armament, ammunition, the injuries to the vessel by the 
shot from the Weehaxckm, the repairs necessary to be made^ and the 
general internal arrangement of the vessel for light and ventilation. 
You will report in duplicate. 

Respectfully, your obedient servant, 

S. F. Du Pont, 
Rear-Admiral^ Coindg. South AtUintio Blockading Sfjuadron. 
Captain Wm. B. Taylor. 
Commander C. R. P. Rodgers. 
Chief Engineer Robert Danby. 
lieutenant A. S. Mackenzie. 

[EnclOBure No. 2.1 

U. S. S. Wabash, 
Port Royal Harbor, June 22, 

Sib: In obedience to your order, dated 2()th instant, we hav(^ held a 
strict and careful survey on the late Confederate ironclad steamer 
Atlanta, and have the honor to submit the following report: 

1st. We find that this vessel was originally an iron merchant steamer 
i*alled the FingaL She has been cut down so as to leave the deck 
about 2 feet aliove the water with her present dmft. A casemate rises 
from this deck sufSciently large to accommodate four guns, tlie sides 
and ends of which are inclined at an angle of about 2\) degrees with the 
horizon. The top is flat, and the roof of the pilot house extends above 
it pyramidally to a height of about 3 feet. The deck overlaps the 
original iron hull 6 feet on each side, tapering toward the ends of the 
vessel and projecting beyond them. The sides are protected })v timber 
nmninff from a point several feet b(»Iow the wat(M- lino to the edge of 
the deck, forming a heavy, solid overhang of wood and armor. 



274 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON, 



The armor, -i inches in thickness, is composed of two layers of 2-inoh 
roller-iron plates 7 inches wide, the inner of which runs horizontally 
and the outer vertically. They are secured to a backing of oak 3 inches 
thick and of pine 15 inches thick, by bolts H inches in diameter, coun- 
tersunk on the outside of the armor and dmwn up on the inside of the 
vessel l)y nuts and washers. Wherever the bolts pass through a space 
is left l)etween the horizontal plates, which is fitted in with oak plank 
to avoid the expense and trouble of drilling through more than one 
layer, as we suppose. 

The bow termmates in an iron beak or ram, which forms a part of 
the stem. A wooden pole connected with an iron lever, capable of 
being lowered below the water and raised again at pleasure, projects 
beyond the ram and carries at its end a percussion torpedo. 

There are three portholes on each side and one at each end. The 
bow and stern guns are pivoted so as to work at the end or at either 
of the nearest broadside portholes. The broadside guns are not oppo- 
site to each other. Each porthole is defended by an iron shutter, made 
in the same manner as the armor of the vessel, except that the two 
layers of plates are strongly riveted together. Tne shutters are 
hung upon a pivot in one of tne upper corners, and may be raised by 
a chain from one of the lower cornei-s, passing through the side and 
attached to a tackle on the inside of the vessel. When the tackle is 
let go the shutter will fall into its place })y its own weight and close 
the porthole. 

The dimensions are as follows: Extreme length, 204 feet; extreme 
breadth, -il feet; draft of water, 15 feet 9 inches. 

The battery deck is of great strength. It appears to be of solid 
timber 17 inches thick, resting on beams 10 inches thick. 

2d. The machinery consists of two cylinders 39 inches in diameter 
and 30 inches stroke. The engines are vertical and direct acting, with 
a surface condenser. There is one flue-tubular boiler, having four 
furnaces, two at each end of the })oiler. There are also one auxiliar3' 
boiler, three steam pumps, a blowing engine and pans. The engines 
were built hy James and George Thomas, of Glasgow, in 1801. 

3d. The armanient is composed of two 7-inch and two 6.4rinch rifled 
guns of the Brooke pattern, and they all bear the marks of the Trede- 
gar foundry. 

The rifling consists of seven grooves, each of which is formed by a 
curved cut starting from the })ore, running })elow it to a depth of about 
0.10 inch and then returning to the }K)re upon an increased curve. 
The next groove conuiiences where the last terminates. 

The following are some of the principal dimensions: 



Extreme lonjfth inrhcs.. 

Lengtn from Iwwe ring to muzzle do 

Length from biihe ring to end of euHealx*! do.... 

DiametiT of cylimUT do. . . . 

Diameter nt rim biu^eH do. . . . 

Diameter at muzzle do 

Thicknemof wrouRht-inm sleeve do 

Length of wrouKht-iroii sleeve do 

Weight of wrought-iroQ sleeve poundM.. 



7-ineh. 6.4-Inch. 



147.00 
124.26 
22.75 
81.30 
81.40 
14.16 
2.00 
80.25 
15.800 



142.00 
I'il.OO 
21.00 
24.66 
24.76 
10.79 
2.00 
80.00 
9,200 



The chamlwrs of the guns are conical. The guns are not turned. 
Their exteriors are in the condition in which they left the mold. There 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 275 



is no chipping about the rim bases, but the metal runs from their faces 
in a curve to the proper diameter on the vertical plane between them. 

The elevating screws are similar to those in use on board our own 
ships. 

The breech sights are described on the ordnance invoice as of the 
Brooke pattern. The bar slides through the box with an angle in 
front. The graduation is in yards on one side and in degrees on the 
other. 

The locks correspond nearly with those in use on the modern na\y 
guns. 

The 7-inch guns are mounted on pivot carriages, resembling our own 
very nearly. They traverse on iron circles. 

The 6.4-mch guns are mounted on Marsilly carriages, differing in 
some trifling particulars from our own standard. 

The portholes are so small as to admit of very slight lateral training, 
and of an elevation not to exceed from 5 degrees to 7 degrees. 

4th. Owing to the extreme heat and foul air prevailing in the ship, 
but a slight examination could be made of the ammunition. It will be 
necessary to remove it before it can be safely overhauled. It is esti- 
mated, however, that the quantity will not v^ry far from 126 to 160 
rounds. The powder is stowed in wooden tanks and consists of 8, 10. 
12, 14, and 16 pound charges. There are two magazines, one forward 
ana the other abaft. 

We find on board various classes of projectiles for the guns — solid 
shot, shells with percussion and time fuzes, shells marked Kobbins' 
fluid shells " for 7-inch rifles, and a quantity of grape and canister for 
the 6.4-inch rifles. The following are the weights and lengths of the 
shot and shell: 



Kind of projectile. 


7-lnch. 


6.4-inch. 


Length. Weight. 


Length. 




Weight. 

Pounds. 
68 

94 


gbell 


Inches. ' Pounds. 
Iti . 100 

15^1 133 
12 1 114 
14 123 


Inches. 
134 

12 


WioaghMron nhot: 

Long 






104 


76 





The shot, shells, and small-arms ammunition are so scattered about 
the vessel, and some of those articles are in such insecure places that 
no exact report or even satisfactory examination of them can be made 
until they are collected and classified. 

The same remark applies equalh'^ to small arms, locks, sights, gun 
implements, etc., which are scattered promiscuously about the vessel. 

6th. For the reasons assigned in the preceding section of this r(»i)ort 
we would respectfully recommend that the ship lie thoroughly broken 
out, and all stores in every department be collected where they can be 
examined and an accumte account be taken of them. At present any 
report upon them must necessarily be very imperfect and unsatisfactory. 

6th. The ship requires thorough cleaning. At present she is in 

Seat disorder. It is impossible that anyone could remain below the 
ttery deck for any length of time witfiout serious inconvenience, if 
not danger, on account of the foul air prevailing there. The officers' 
apartments, as well as the berth deck, are very imperfectly ventilated, 
rendering them almost uninhabitable in hot weather; the heat upon the 



lattor \^ almoftt insupportable, owing to the galley being placed there. 
Before employing thi?^ vei^sel in our own service we would Htrouglj 
reeoninif^nd that niejusures^ he taken to provide light and air helow. 

7th* The nmchinerv genenillj is m goc»d condition and requireB but 
slight repairs to tit it for service. There are marks of four shot upon 
the hull. One XV-inch struck the Hide of the ea^emate on a lino %vith 
the poitholes; it broke the armor completely through, although its 
cour-se wa.^ somewhat oblique; the wooden backing waf^ nmeh splin- 
tered and .sevenU holts were dniwn from their plaeej!*. It hm left a 
large hole entirely through the armor and backing, though the shot 
itself did not pui^a through. 

Another .shot struck the midship port shutter on the starboard side, 
breaking both layers of platey and indenting the armor beneath. The 
course of this shot was more ol>li(jue than tnat of the former. 

A third ^hot struck the top of the pilot house, broke the heavy iron 
casting that franu^d it, and dinp laced several plates below it, breaking 
and indenting them. 

A fcairth shot struck the edge of th^ overhang about amidships on 
the starboard Hide; it broke and displaced several plates, but did not 
penetrate them* The direction of this shot was very oblique. 

The smokestack ha« a hole through it, caused by a splinter from the 
port shutten 

AH necessary repairs to the hull can be made in a few days, with but 
trifling expense. 

8th, One feature in this vassel is particularly noticeable, and that is 
th(* roughness of all the work almut her. No expense has been incurred 
for finish or ornament. The comfort of the crew" and its sanitary con- 
dition apnear to have been totally disregarded. Efficiency in "battle 
seems to nave been the sole point aimed at. 

i^th. The armor appears to have been made of English railroad iron, 
rolled into its present shape. In some of the fractures it has broken 
off almost as short tis if it had been ctist iron. The pine Iwicking, it is 
probable, does not possess the best qualities for resistance, being very 
brittle, and in eonseqnence dangerous to those inside of the cnsemate* 

tOth. As chronometei^ and other nautical instruments were found 
on board, there is reason to suppose that this vessel was intended for 
Hcu purposes. 

llth. Drawings ju'company this report, which will show the general 
apix^amnce of the ship and some of ner arrangements. 

We are, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servantSj 

'\Vm. KuiXiEHS Tayloe, 

ibpkitn^ IL S* Navy. 

K. P. RoJHiERS, 

Omamimdei\ 

liOHERT DaNBYj 

A. y. Mackenzie, 

Lieutmanl^ U. S, Nmy. 

Eear Adniiml S. F. Du Poxt, 

Conuig, Smth Atiuntk' JUi^ckading Sqmdrmi^ Port Royal^ S, C* 

Note.— The backing of the armor is composed of three layei^ of 
wood. The outer oiu*, of oak, runs vertically: the next, of pine, runs 
horizontally, and the third, also of pine, runs veiticalljr 



Beport of B^ar- Admiral Bu Font, V. B. Hsvy, traoBmittiiig rep«fU of turvey of the prize 

Atlanta. 



No. 349-] Flagship Wabash, 

Port Royal llarior, S. a, July 1S63, 
Sm: I forward herewith {nmrked No. 1) the report of a board of 
Burvey appointed to appraise the value of the bull, machinery, ordnance, 
ordnance .stores, provisions, and small ntores and ecjuipnient of the 
prisse ironclad steamer Atlanta. The whole valuation amount^i to 
1350,829.26. 

1 also forward herewith an inventory of the ordnance and ordnance 
stores* (marked No. 2), the survey on the provisions and small stores 
{marked No. 3), and the survey on equipment and stores in the master's, 
boatswain's, sailmaker's, and^carpentev's departments (marked No, 4), 
I have also forwarded by this mail to the Deimrtment the Mm of 
the Atlanta^ the muster rolls of that vessel and the Geartjiu^ and the 
log books of the Aflanta, 

Very respectful! v, vour obedient servant, 

S. F, Du Pont, 
MeaT'Admiral^ C&md^. Souih Atlaniie Bktehtdmg Squadron, 

Hon, (jiDEON Welles, 

Sect'etary of the I^myy^ Wmkington^ D. C. 

U. S. HOUSATONIO, 

Port Royal Harhor, July Jf, 186S. 
Sthj In obedience to your order of the 21»th ultimo, we have made 
"a careful and accurate appraisemetit of the value of the captured 
Confederate ironclad steamer Atlanta^ including therein her hull, 
machinery, ordnance, ordnance stores, provisions, and small stoi-es 
and equipments j" all of which we present below, under those heads, 
i^spectively : 



Hull _ 1250,000.00 

Machinery, 80,000.00 

C>r(.J nam e, ordDanee ptones, etc - - - , - , 14, 022. 91 

Medical Mores _ 20.00 

Pn IV it- 1 01151. ulolh ing, and email stores ..... 1 , 012. 86 

EiiQipments and fftores in the master's, boatewain'a, aatlmaker's, and 

caipenter^s departments 773. 50 



-Total valuation - 350,829,25 



We are, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servants, 

Wm, Kodgers Tavlou, 

Oiptain. 

Robert Danbt, 

Fleet Emjmeer. 
A. Mackenzie, 
Lhutetiaiii a fid Ordnmwe Offimr, 
Charles Boakdman, 

Cfirpentet\ U. S. Natfy. 

Rear-Admiral S, F. Du Pqkt, 

CoiMdy. South Atktntlc Blmkading Sffrndivn^ Port Royal ^ S. C* 



278 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCK ADINO 8QUADB0K. 



[Enclosure No. 2.] 

U. S. S. HOUSATONIC, 

Part Royal Harbor, Jum 30, 1863. 

Sir: In obedience to your order of the 29th instant, we have made 
a careful and accurate inventory of the ordnance and ordnance stores 
on board the captured Confedemtc ironclad steamer Atlanta, and have 
the honor to submit the following report: 

Two 7-inch pivot guns, weighing 15,305 and 15,162 pounds; 2 6.4-inch 
broadside guns, weighing 9,110 pounds each; the above are rifled guns 
of the Brooke's pattern. Two pivot carriages and slides for 7-inch ^uns, 
complete, including 10 slide and carriage levers; 4 pivot bolts; 2 elevat- 
ing screws; 4 compressors; 2 Marsilly carriages for broadside guns, 
complete, including 2 elevating screws; 69 7-inch rifle shot, cast, Ten- 
nessee sabot; 64 7- inch rifle shot, wrought, hollow bottom; 53 6.4-inch 
rifle shot, cast, Tennessee sabot: 25 6.4-mcn rifle shot, wrought, hollow 
bottom; 90 7-inch percussion snell, loaded and fuzed, Tennessee sabot; 
17 7-inch percussion shell, loaded, not fuzed, Tennessee sabot; 17 7- 
inch Robbins fluid shell, percussion, Tennessee sabot; 9 6.4-inch 
Robbins fluid shell, 5-second time fuze, Tennessee sabot; 10 6.4-inch 
Robbins fluid shell, 10-second time fuze, Tennessee sabot; 3 6.4-inch 
Robbins fluid shell, 15-second time fuze, Tennessee sabot; 65 6.4-inch 
percussion shell, loaded and fuzed, Tennessee sabot; 18 6.4-inch shell, 
loaded, 5-second time fuze, lead sabot; 18 6.4-inch shelL loaded, 10- 
second time fuze, lead sabot; 1 7-inch Robbins fluid shell, 10-second 
time fuze, Tennessee sabot; 3 7-inch shell, empty, Tennessee sabot; 
the greater part of the above shells are in boxes; 17 6.4-inch grape- 
shot; 17 6.4-inch canister shot; 112 charges for 7-inch guns, 12 pounds 
each, 1,344 pounds; 77 charges for 7-incn guns, 14 pounds each, 1,078 
pounds; 54 charges for 7-inch guns, 16 pounds eacn, 864 pounds; 87 
charges for 6.4-inch guns, 8 pounds each, 696 pounds; 46 charges for 
6.4-inch guns, 10 pounds eacn, 460 pounds; 116 charges for 6.4-inch 
guns, 12 pounds each, 1,392 pounds; loose cannon powder, 150 pounds; 
powder in good condition, 5,984 pounds; 10 charges for 7-incn ^uns, 
12 pounds each, damaged, 120 pounds; 112 cartridge bags for ^inch 
charges, 12 pounds; 77 cartridge bag5> for 7-inch charges, 14 pounds; 
65 cartridge bags for 7-inch charges, 16 pounds; 87 cartridge bags for 
6.4-inch charges, 8 pounds; 46 cartridge bags for 6.4-incn charges, 
10 pounds; 126 cartridge bags for 6.4-incn charges, 12 pounds; 
42 wooden powder tiinks (200 pounds); 2 boring bite; 6 priming 
wires; 5 fuze wrenches; 3 vent punches; 1 vent drill; 20 gun 
tackles, not serviceable; 2 7-inch l)reechings; 3 6.4-inch breechings; 6 
l)reeching pins; 9 passing boxes, only one serviceable; 1 7-inch ladle; 
1 6.4-inch ladle; 2 7-inch gun scnipers; 2 6.4-inch gun scrapers; 1 7-ineh 
worm, with guide rings; 1 6.4-inch worm, with guide rings; 3 7-inch 
rammers; 3 6.4-inch nunmers; 3 7-inch woolen sponges, with Robin- 
son worm; 3 6.4-inch woolen sponges, with Robinson worm; 3 roller 
handspikes; 9 ordinary haiidspiKcs; 20 boarding pikes; 2 sponge cape, 
23 tlnlield rifl(\s, caliber .58 inch (3 broken); 11 United States muskete, 
caliber .69 inch; 30 Maynard rifles, breech loading; 11 saber bayo- 
nct**, Enfield; 21 saber bayonets, Sharps pattern; 28 saber-bayonet 
scabbards; 36 cap pouches; 49 cartridge boxes; 29 waist belte; 2 arms 
chests; 2 cutlasses, old pattern; 1 cutlass, new pattern; 9 cartridge 
formers; 2() wipers for Maynard rifles; 29 bullet molds for revolvers; 
3 bullet moldm for muskets; 25 scYew-drivera-, \^ acww-^Tvq«t^ 



SOUTH ATLAimC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 279 

cone keys; 500 revolver cartridges, packages broken; 1 bag bullete; 
1 box bullets for Maynard rifles, 200; 5 padlocks; 2 fuze wrenches; 
135 friction tubes; 1,300 cannon primers; 15 metal-stock fuzes; 7 
cannon locks; 4 cannon locks, strings, and toggles; -l breech sights and 
screws, metal; 6 wooden breech sights; 4 reinforce sights and screws, 
metal; 7 vent punches; 5 worms for sponges; 255 musket cartridges; 
5 torpedoes; 6 torpedo fuzes; 4 })oxes rifle cartridges (500 good); 21 
i*artridge pouches; 1 pistol holder; 1 primer box; 23 rockets (aaniaged); 
1 box blue lights (daniaged). 

Except such articles as are specially noted in the foregoing inventory 
these equipments and stores are in good condition, requiring but slight 
overhauling and repairs to fit them for immediate service. 

We are, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servants, 

Wm. Rodoers Taylor, 

Captahi. 

Wm. Reynolds, 

C<nnm(mde)\ 
A. S. Mackenzie, 
Lieutenant ami Ordnance Ojfi<'er. 

Bear- Admiral S. F. Du Pont, 

Comdg. South Atlantic Blockading Squadron^ Port Royals S. C, 

[Enclosure No. 3.] 

U. S. Ship Vermont, 
Port Royal, S! June 23, 1863. 
Sib: In obedience to j^our order of the 19th instant, hereunto 
appended, we have held a strict and careful survev upon the ])aymas- 
ters stores of the prize rebel ironclad steamer Atlanta^ and l)eg leave 
to make the following report: 

Provmom. 



26 barrels bread, 2,217 pounds, @ 4.68 cents $103. 76 

1 barrel flour, 196 pounds 8. 70 

3 barrels rice, 586 pounds, ® 8.56 cente 50. 16 

1 keff dried apples, 104 pounds, @ 8 cents 8. 32 

Partkeg dried apples, 10 pounds, ® 8 cent** .80 

Part chest tea, 25 pounds, @ 77 cents 19. 25 

2 barrels vinegar, about 50 gallons, ©12.19 cent.^ 6. 09 

Rut barrel vinegar, about 10 gallons, (a\ 12. 19 coiitH 1. 22 

Which we find to be of good quality, and recommend to be turned 
into the storekeeper's department of this squadron for is.siie. Also — 

12 barrels pork, ® $15 $180. 00 

14 barrels beef, ® $14 Mm. 00 

1 barrel hams, 218, @ 10 cents 21 . 80 

3 barrels bacon, 515, ® 7 cents 3(). Oo 

2 barrels flour, @ $5 10. 00 

6 barrels pease, 147 gallons, Oi^ 12J centcj 18. 37 

Which are of medium quality and are recommended to be sold for 
the benefit of the captors of the Atlanta, 

aolhing. 

2S blue-cloth round jackets, ® $3 ' $84. 00 

3 white duck overshirts, @ 90 centn 2. 70 

154 cotton undershirts, @ 50 centn 77. 00 

147 pair drawers, @ 50 cents 73. 50 

28 pair mixed trousers, @; 50 (xjuts 14. 00 

10 white bUmkets, ®$1.76 Vu">fe 

BetuxUem cape, 090 centa \^»,^ 



280 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING 8QUADB0N. 

SmaJl stores, 

7 jackknives, ® 10 cents |0. 70 

25 tin pota, @ 3 cents .75 

17 tin pans, @ 4 cents .68 

Contingent. 

8 boxes candles, 400 pounds, @ 16 cents |64. 00 

All of which are recommended to be sold for the benefit of the 
captors, the articles not being of the kind or quality to issue in the 
Navy. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servants, 

Frank C. Cosby, 

Pa/i/master. 
K. J. Richardson, 

Paymaster, 
Jno. S. Isaacs, 
Acting Assisto/nt Paymaster. 

Rear- Admiral S. F. Du Pont, U. S. Navy, 

Flagship Wabash. 

[Subenclomire.] 

Flagship Wabash, 
Port Royal IIarh(yr^ S. Jtme 19^ 1863. 
Gentlemen: You will be pleased to hold a strict and careful sur- 
vev on the provisions, clothing, and small stores on board the prize 
rebel ironclad Atlanta; ascertain their quantity, appraise their value, 
and report the proper disposition to be made of tnem; reporting in 
triplicate. 

Respectfully, your obedient servant, 

S. F. Du Pont, 

Rear- Admiral^ Comdg. South Atlantic Blockading Squadron. 

Paymaster Frank C. Cosbt, 

U. S. Ship Vermont 
Pavmaster R. J. Richardson, 

U. S. S. Wabash. 
Acting. Assistant Paymaster J. S. Isaacs, 

U, S. Ship Vermont. 

r Enclosure No. 4.] 

U. S. Ship Valparaiso, 
Port Royal Harbor, S. June 23, 1863. 
Sir: In obedience to your order of the 20th fJune, hereunto annexed, 
we have made a careful inventory of the stores in the carpenter's, sail- 
maker's, boatswain's, and master's departments of the prize ironclad 
steamer Atlanta, and respectfully report as follows: 

Saihnaker*)* department, 

80 new hammocks $100.00 

400 yards old canvas 10. 00 

2 old boat sails 3. 00 

113.00 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING 8QUADB0N. 281 

Boat^min* s department. 

50 pounds spun yarn $5. 00 

40 oars 15. 00 

7boathookfl 3.00 

75 fathoms 1-inch manila 5. 00 

50 palmetto brooms 10. 00 



38.00 

Carpenter's department. 

1 tool chest with tools $10. 00 

Master* s department. 

3 sallons spirits turpentine $5. 00 

1 binnacle and compass 5. 00 

1 broken barometer 2. 50 



12.50 

Total appraisal 1 73. 50 



Also a quantity of old blocks, t^klo, and rigging and old iron, 
worthless. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servants, 

A. S. Gardner, 

Acthig Master. 
John Blitz, 

Acting Ensign. 
John Joines, 

Sailmaker, 

Rear-Admiral S. F. Du Pont, 

Commanding South Atlatitic Blocladiiig Squadron, 



Letter firom Mi^or Halpine, U. S. Army, to the Secretary of the Navy, reqneiting correc- 
tion of official records. 

Headquarters Department of the East, 

Neuj York City., January H., 180J^. 
Sm: I have the honor of transmitting herewith certified copy of a 
letter received a few days since from Roar- Admiral S. F. Du Pont, 
relative to certain information furnished by me while assistant adjutant- 

§eneral and chief of staif, Tenth Army Corps and Department of the 
outh, to Commander C. R. P. Rodgers, fleet captain South Atlantic 
Blockading Squadron, which led to and resulted m the capture of the 
rebel ironclad Atlanta in Wassaw Sound. 

As the facts set forth in the letter of Admiral Du Pont form part of 
my military record, I have most respectfully to request, if consistent 
with the rules of your Department, tnat you will cause the records of 
the Department to be amended by the insertion of this letter in its 
proper place. 

I have the honor to be, sir, very respectfully, your most obedient 
servant, 

Chas. G. Halpine, 
Major and Assistant Adjutant- General. 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of the Navy ^ Washington D. C. 



282 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



[Enclosure.] 

Near Wilmington, Del., Januarys^ 186 

Colonel: A friend has called my attention to an omission in my 
official report of June 17 to the Navy Department, to be found in pub- 
lic documents recently published. 

I omitted in that letter to state the source of the information which 
hiui led nie to believe that the rebel ironclad Atlanta wns preparing fur i 
a raid, and about moving. This most important fact was sent off by you 
to the fleet captain, Commander C. R. P. Rodgers, after you had closely 
interrogated certain deserters just in from Savannah. I acted instantly 
on your letter, relieving Captain John Rodgers from a court-martial, 
of which he was a member, and ordering him to proceed with the moni- 
tor We^/t((wl'e?i in all hiiste to Wassaw Sound. 1 sent a similar order 
to Commander Downes, of the Naliant^ then lying in North Edisto, 
who proceeded also to Wassaw with the utmost dispatch. 

So important did I consider the information transmitted by you that 
I not only acted on it instantly, as above stated, but, if I remember 
rightly, 1 wrote a note to thank you for your prompt action in the 
matter, })ut for which very different results mig^ht have occurred. How 
I committed the ovei-sight not to mention officially this opportune pub- 
lic service so valuable to me as the commanding naval officer on the 
coast, I can only account for by great pressure of business and great 
haste, in order to avail myself of a departing mail. 

I seize this opportunity, not o\A^ to rectify this omission, but to 
state also how often I had occasion to recognize your intelligent and 
efficient zeal in conducting the duties and business of vour important 
position in the Department of the South whenever tne military and 
naval services were blended or had official relations and intercourse* 
Taking the greatest pleasure in making these statements, 

I am, colonel, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

S. P. Du Pont, 
Rear-Admiral^ JJ. S. Jfa/vy. 

Colonel Chas. G. Halpine, etc.. 

Headquarters Department of the East^ New York, 



Letter of commendation from the Secretary of the Navy to Rear-Admiral Du Pout, U. 8. 

Havy. 

Navy Department, June 26^ 1863. 

Sir: The Department has received your several dispatches announc- 
ing the capture of the rebel ironclad steamer Finqal^ alias Atlanta^ 
and enclosing the detailed reports of Captain John Kodgers and Com- 
mander John Downes, of the affair. 

I tiik(» occasion to express the Department\s appreciation of your 
prompt meiisures to prepare for the expected appearance of the felHil 
ironclads by sending off Savannah two of our own, ably commanded; 
and congratulate you on the acquisition of so powerful a vessel, which 
promises to be of important service on the station. 

To your (ceaseless vigilance and that of the officers under your com- 
mand were we inde})ted, some months since, for the destruction of the 
notorious steamer Nashville^ which the enemy had armed and fruit- 
lessly endeavored to send out to destroy our commerce, and now to 
your timely incdsures and the efficient meana pxoVvSj^^dA 
capture of one of the most powerful iroudvjAa «^ "^w*^ "\jt»r 



SOUTH ATLANnO BLOOKADINO SQUADBON. 283 



pared after months of toil and great expenditure of uionev, and sent 
rorth with confidence to disperse our blockading fleet anci overcome 
our monitors. 

You may well regard this, and we may with pleasure look upon it 
as a brilliant termination of a command gallantly commenced and con- 
duet>ed for nearly two years with industry, energy, and ability. 

The Department desires you to recommend to it an officer of the 
South Atlantic Bloc*kading Squadron to command the Atlanta. 
Very respectfully, etc., 

Gideon Welles, 
Seoreta7*y ofJVavi/. 

S. F. Du Pont, 

(hindg. South Atlnntw Blockading Squadron^ Port RoyaL 



Lstlar of eommeadation from the Beoretary of the Havy to Captain Bedgeri, U. S. Havy, 
eommanding U. S. Weehawken. 

Navy Department, June 1863. 

Sir: Your dispatch of the 17th instant, announcing the capture of 
the rebel ironclad steamer Fingal^ alias Atlanta., has been received. 
Although gallantly sustained by Commander John Downes of the 
Nahant^ the victory, owing to the brevity of the contest, was yours, 
and it gives me unaffected pleasure to congratulate you upon the 
result, livery contest in which the ironclads have been engaged 
gainst ironclads has been instructive, and affords food for reflection. 
Tne lessons to Ix) drawn are momentous. 

On the 8th of March, 1862, there were lying at anchor in Hampton 
Roads the first-class steam frigates Roanoke and Minnesota., the sail- 
ing frigates Comjre^ and St. Lawrence., the razee Cumlx-rland^ and 
several gunl)oats. In the presence of this formidable force, represent- 
ing the highest offensive power of the wooden navy, boldly appeared 
the rebel ironclad steamer Merrimuck., and notwithstanding the broad- 
sides poured into her by and the heroic defense of the Cmgress and 
the Cumherland^ these two wooden vessels were easily destroyed, and 
the fate of the others was only reserved for the morrow. During the 
night, however, the monitor, the first vessel of her class, arrived, and 
on the 9th of IVIarch, when the morning mists lifted, and showed the 
Mernmack and her wooden consorts approaching to complete the work 
of destruction, our defense consisted not in the great shipH that weic 
still afloat and their numerous heavy guns, but in a single small iron- 
clad vessel armed with two guns. Histery has recorded the couiiige 
and skill of Commander John L. Worden, who, disappearing in the 
smoke of the advancing fleet, dispersed and put to flight their wooden 
steamers, turned to bay the Merrimack^ gmppled with that forniidal)le 
monster and drove her Imck into Norfolk and kept her there until the 
evacuation of that place led the rebels to destroy their famous iron- 
clad rather than evacuate and risk her capture by her piuiy antago- 
nist. The lessons of that contest taught us the inadequacy of wooden 
vessels and our existing ordnance to meet armored ships. For inland 
operations the monitor turret was immediately adopted, and the XV- 
inch gun of Rodman being the only gun of greater weight than the 
Xl-inch yet tested, was ordered to })e placed in the turrets of the ves- 
sels that were constructing. The result of this policy is dcvelo\)ed iu 
Iha action through which you have just passed. In ftitoew \\\\\\\xVvi^\v\vi 
witii fourabota you overpowered and captured a iorm\A»\A^ 



284 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADBON. 



})iit slightly inferior to the Mn^hnmk^ a vessel that the preceding 
your had battled, with not very serious injury to herself, a^inst four 
frigates, a razee, and for a time with one monitor armed with Xl-inch 
guns, thus domonstniting the offensive power of the new and improved 
monitors armed w ith guns of XV-inch caliber. 

Your early eonneetion with the Mississippi Flotilla and your partici- 
pation in the i)r()jeetion and constnietion of the first ironclads on the 
Western waters, your heroic conduct in the attack on Drewry's Bluff, 
the high moral coumge that l(»d you to put to sea in the Weehawken 
upon the approach of a violent storm in order to test the seagoing 
qualities of these new craft at the time when a safe anchorage was 
close under your k>e, the brave and daring manner in which you, with 
your associates, pressed the ironclads under the concentrated fire of 
the l)atteries in Charleston Harbor and there tested and proved the 
endumnceand resisting power of these vessels, and vour crowning suc- 
cessful achievement in the capture of the Fvngal^ alias Atkinta^&Te all 
proofs of a skill and courage, and devotion to the country and the 
cause of the Union, regardless of self^ that can not be permitted to 
pass unrewarded. To 3'our heroic daring and persistent moral cour- 
age, beyond that of any other individual, is the country indebted for 
the development, under trying and varied circumstances, on the ocean, 
und(u* enormous batteries on land, and in successful rencounter with 
a formidable floating antagonist, of the capabilities and Qualities of 
attack and resistiince of the monitor class of vessels and tneir heavy 
armament. For these heroic and serviceable acts I have presente!! 
your name to the President, rec[uesting him to recommend that Con- 

Sess give you a vote of thanks m order that you may be advanced to 
e grade of conmiodore in the American Navy. 
Very respiM'tfuUy, etc., 

Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of the Niwy. 

Captain John Rodgers, U. S. Navy, 

CoimUj, U, >S\ Weehawk'e)^^ South Atlantic Squadixni. 



Meisage of the President to Congresi, recommending that a vote of thaaka be tndtnd 
Captain Bodgen, U. S. Havy. 

Washingtox, D. C, Decemher 8^ 1863. 
In confomiity to the law of Kith rluly, 1S62, 1 most cordially recom- 
mend that Captain flohn Rodgers, IJ. S. Navy, receive a vote of thanks 
from Congress for the eminent skill and gallantry exhibited by him in 
the engag<Mnent with tlie re})el armed ironclad steamer Fingal^ alias 
Atl(f?)t(t, whilst in command of the U, S. ironclad steamer Weehawken^ 
which led to Iwr capture on the ITtli June, 1863, and also for the zeaK 
bnivery, and general gcxnl conduct shown by this officer on many 
occasions. 

This recommendation is specially made in order to comply with the 
retiuirements of the l>th section of the aforesaid act, which is in the 
following words, viz: 

That any lino olficcr of the Navv or Marine Corps may be advanced one grade if, 
uj>on HM'omnH'ndation of the PreHident by name, lie receives the thanks of Congren 
for highly diHtingiiiHluvl conduct in conflict with the enemy, or for extraordinary 
huroiHUi hi the line of his profetwion. 

To the Senate and House of KKPH^a¥iOTijm¥». 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING 8QUADB0N. 285 



Mat XMolmtioa tendering fhe tfaAnks of Congreii to Captain Rodgeri, of the United Statei 
Havy, for eminent ikill and nil in the diacharge of hie dntiei. 

JBe it resalvedbi/ the Senate and House of Re^)re^entat!vfs of the Un it*'d 
States of America in Congress asse7)Med^ Ihat, in pursuance of the 
recommendation of the President of the United Stjites, and to enable 
him to advance Captain Kodgei*s one grade, in pursuance of the ninth 
section of the act of Congress of sixteenth fFul y, eighteen hundred and 
sixty-two, the thanks of Congress be, and they are hereby, tendered 
to Captain John Rodgers, ''for the eminent skill and gallantry exhib- 
ited by him in the engagement with the rebel armed ironclad steamer 
Fingal^ a^iaa Atlanta: whilst in command of the United States iron- 
clad stcAmer Weehawke?)^ which led to her capture on June seventeenth, 
eighteen hundred and sixty-three; and also for the zeal, bravery, and 
general good conduct shown b}'^ this officer on many occasions." 

Approved, December 23, 1863. 



Letter of proteet firom Commander Downei, U. S. Havy, commanding U. S. S. Nahant, to 

the Secretary of the Havy. 

. U. S. Ironclad Steamkr Nahaxt, 
Port Roijal lIarho7\ July <S', 
Sib: For myself, officers, and crew I most respjectf uUy but earnestly 
protest against the decision just made public in your letter of com- 
mendation to Captain John Kodgers, commanding the Weehawkev^ by 
which you assi^ to that officer and those under his command the entire 
credit lor the victory gained over the rebel ironclad steamer Atlanta 
in the late action in AVassaw Sound, and I do assure you, sir, that great 
injustice is done to us of the Nahant by that statement; that we par- 
ticipated fully in the action, shared equally in its dangers, and were at 
least as close to the enemy when the result was attained, at which 
time, as my official report will show, we were still moving onward 
toward hini with the avowed intention of laying him alongside before 
firing a shot. Can it be doubted, sir, that the presence or this vessel, 
and her silent, steady approach, ominous of our actual intentions, had 
its effect in hastening the surrender of the Atlanta^ whose people hav- 
ing already experienced the terrible force of the XV-inch gun at from 
300 to 400 yards distance, must have had anticipations of what would 
follow a much closer delivery of its fire? If so, I beg leave to assure 
you that her commander declared to Lieutenant-Ck)mmander Harmony 
that these considerations did influence and induce him to surrender 
when he did. 

Your letter, which declares the victory to belong solely to the Wen- 
hawken in this action, has become now a matter of history, and places 
me in the unenviable position of having lx»en present but avoiding the 
action in which my consort was engaged. For what other jiossible int(M*- 
pretation can be given to the sbitement that I was present but did not 
share the victory If I shared in the dangers and chances of the bat- 
tle and did not seek to avoid the encounter .or supinely endure the 
attack, but on the contrary was hurrying forward, and while endur- 
ing the enemy's fire withholding my own only that I might deliver it 
at the most effective dUtaiwe; if, at the moment ol Hww^xAvix \ 
was as near the enemy as my consort but seeking atvW eVo^^x ^vjMwiXi., 



286 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



surely I shared the latter and the victory equally with Captain 
llodgers, as much so as I should have shared his defeat and disgrace 
had we been defeated. Captain John Rodgers's record in this war has 
been a brilliant one, and 1 am much rejoiced at the gmtifv ing recogni- 
tion his services have already received and the reward that your letter 
promises him in the future. I would not deprive him of one particle 
of the creditable reputation he has fairly earned, but I can not afford 
to add to it at my own expense. To him it would be small gain; to 
me, a great loss. I am not a seeker of meretricious fame, but I am 
ambitious, while serving my country to the best of my ability, of hav- 
ing my services recognized' by my countrymen. 

Confident, sir, that a proper understanding only is wanting of the 
claims of myselif and those serving with me on board the Nahant^ to 
have the sentence I have referred to above corrected, to ensure our 
receiving this justice, 

I nave the honor to be, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

John Downes, 

Caminander. 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of the Nmij^ Wmlmigton^ D, C. 



Letter from the Secretary of the Navy to Commander Downei, U. S. Navy, eommanding 
U. S. S. Nahant, regarding the participation of that veMel in the capture. 

Navy Department, Jnly 1863. 

Sir: In my letter to Captain John Rodgers thanking him for impor- 
tant services rendered on repeated occasions, culminating in the cap- 
ture of the Atlanta^ it was not my intention to permit any reflection 
upon those who wore present and formed part of his force. If that 
letter can be so construed it will be a source of profound regret to 
myself, for I can assure you of my high appreciation of your charac- 
ter as a gentleman and as an officer and of the fidelity, zeal, and gal- 
lantry with which you have discharged all your duties. I am also 
aware that you reserved your fire that you might, by closing with the 
Atlatita, render her destruction more certain. The brevity of the con- 
test and the tremendous elf ect of the XV-inch shot deprived you of an 
active participation in a contest which you were pressing forward to 
share arnd in which T know you would have acquitted yourself with 
characteristic Imivery. 

As senior officer in the brief engagement with the Atlanta it was 
due to Captain Rodgers that I should make acknowledgments to him 
for that achievement, and the oc<*asion was also opportune to present 
a brief enumeration of his services in connection with the ironclads. 
If you had disa})led the Atlanta with three shots in fifteen minutes 
without any otluM- vessel present having fired a gun I should have 
attributc^l tlu» capture to yourself, and have felt, in making my 
acknowledgments for the achievement, that no reflection was cast 
upon others present, and especially not if you were the senior officer. 
Very respectfully, 

Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of the Navy. 

Commander John Downes, 

Oamdff. U, S. Ironclad Steamer Nahxifnt., off Charleatoa^ S. 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



287 



Mmpoatt of iMr-Adminl Dshlgron, U. 8. Havy, regarding the diipoiition of the flags and 
otlier trophies of the priie Atlanta. 

[No. 40.] Flagship Dinsmore, 

Of M(n^rU Ishmd, July '27, 186S. 
Sib: In reply to the Department's communicHtion of the 9th instant, 
relative to the fla^, officers' swords, and other trophies from the Con- 
federate prize Atlanta^ I have to state that, as far as I have been able 
to learn, all the flags and other trophies found on board the Atlmita 
were forwarded to the Department oy Rear- Admiral Du Pont. I also 
learn, unofficially, that the officers of the Atlanta were permitted by 
Gaptain John Rodgers to retain their swords. This officer being at the 
North. I am unable to ascertain positively in regard to that. 

I nave the honor to be, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

J. A. Daiilgren, 
Rear-Admiral^ Coindg. South Atlantic Blockading Squadron. 

Hon. Gideon Weixes, 

Secretary of the Navy^ Washington, D. C. 



Btport of Gommander Webb, C. 8. Havy, commanding C. 8. 8. Atlanta, proposing to attack 
the Federal ironoUds in Wast aw Sound. 

C. S. S. Atlanta, 
Wassaw River ^ [Ga.,] Jane 15^ 1863. 
Sib: I learned yesterday that two ironclads are inside of Wassaw 
Sound and are still there. I will leave to-morrow morning to attack 
them, but do not intend to take the vessel outside. 

After I noake this attack I shall return to the obstructions })elow 
Thunderbolt and wait for the cooperation of the Savannah to carry 
out my views in accordance with your suggestions, expressed in my 
letter to you of the 10th instant. 

I have the honor to be, very respectfullv, vour ol)edient servant, 

W. A. Webb, 
Co7nrtiand!iuj Naval Sqiuidrmi. 

Hon. S. R. Malix)rt, 

Secreta. y of the Navy^ Richmtrnd, Va. 



Xitraet fnm report of the Seoretary of the Navy of the Confederate States, dated Novem- 
ber 80, 1868. 

The ironclad steam sloop Atlanta, under the con)mand of Com- 
mander William A. Webb, in the attempt to get to sea from Savannah, 
got aground and was thus cjiptured by two of the enemy's monitors 
on the ITtJi of June last, in Wassaw Sound, after a short action of 
thirty-five minutes. Commander Webb and his ofliccrs being pris- 
oners of war, no official report of the unfortunate occurrence has been 
received. I submit, however, copy of a reiK)rt of the circumstimces 
of the capture, as observed l>y hin)\ from Lieutenant J. [S.J Kennard, 
C. S. Navy, who witnessed the action, which is hereto annexed (marked 
B). One man was killed during the action and IC wovxuded ^U^IvUy* 

N W H — VOL 14 19 



288 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



Beport of Lientenant Kexmard, C. 8. Navy. 

Savannah, Ga., June 17^ 1863, 
Sir: I have the honor to inform j'ou that at the break of dav this 
morning the Atlanta,, being at the time at anchor a few miles oelow 
Thunderbolt, got underway and proceeded to Wassaw Sound for the 
purpose of attacking two of the enemy's ironclads (monitors) lying at 
that place. 

The Ifiondiga,, under my command, followed her. The idea of my 
little vessel following the Atlanta was to engage any wooden vessels 
that might be met with. 

The intention of Commander Webb in this truly daring and eallant 
venture was first to strike one of the monitors with the torpedo pro- 
jecting from his bows, and thus blowing her up, to turn his attentioir 
to the other. Unfortunately, as far as I could observe, the Atlanta^ 
before reaching the vessel she had sele(;ted to test her torpedo upon, 

Grounded, when she immediately opened fire, being then within a few 
undred yards of her. This occurred at five minutes to 5 o'clock a. m. 
The tire was immediately returned. In the meantime the second 
monitor, anchored perhaps a mile from the other, got underway and 
came down to the assistance of her companion. 

The Atlanta by this time was afloat, and started apparently for the 
second vessel, tn a short time she grounded again, wnen the monitor 
passed her close to, rounded to under her stern, and fired a raking 
shot, shortly after which the Atlanta was seen to hoist a white fla^, 
when boats from the enemy proceeded to her, and soon afterwaras 
the Confederate flag, which for some unaccountable reason had been 
again hoisted, was hauled down, and that of the United States hoisted 
in its place. Four shots only were fired by either party. 

The cause of Captain Webb's surrender can, of course, only be a 
matter of conjecture, but it is unreasonable to suppose that one who 
could conceive and attempt so daring a scheme would have so soon 
sti'uck his colors without some cause entirely beyond his control; such, 
for instance, as the entire loss of locomotion, or, which I think more 
probable, the mutiny of his crew. 

The only >voodcn vessel within view was a stea.nier on bloi^kade duty, 
anchored far outride and beyond the monitors, >vhere she remained 
until the cont(»st was over, when she came in and went alongside of 
the Atlanta, for the purpose, I presume, of taking on board the 
prisoners. 

The time elapsed between the firing of the first and last gun was 
thirty- five minutes. 

For further and more minute particulars I refer you to the enclosed 
notes, et<*., of Mr. C. Lucian Jones. Captain Webb's secretary, who 
was also an eyewitness from the steamer Hesolute. 

I am, sir, veiy respectfully, your obedient servant, 

J. S. Kennabd, 
Conwianding Naval SqiuidTon(pro tern.), 

Hon. S. R. Malloby, 

Secretary of the Navy^ Rich mond^ Va. 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 289 



Baport of Bemtarj Jonei. 

Savannah, Ga., Jun4i 17^ 1863. 

Sib: The following report ia made from the notes taken by me (on 
board the Resciute) of the action between the steamer At/mitu and two 
ironclad monitors which occurred in Wassaw Sound this morning. 

The C. S. S. Atlanta^ commanded by Commander W. A. Webb, left 
her moorings in Wilmington River tfiis morning a little before day- 
light and proceeded into Wassaw Sound, where she attacked two iron- 
clad monitors lying close in on the Wassaw Island shore. The first 
shot fired was at ten minutes to 5 a. ni. The Atlanta fired the next 
shot at five minutes after 5. The position of the attack at this time 
was thus: The Atlanta to the northward; monitor No. 1 about one- 
third of a mile, and monitor No. 2 about three-f ouilhs of a mile to the 
southward of the Ailaiita. 

The Atlanta attacked monitor No. 1 at once, when she retreated 
toward monitor No. 2, the Atlanta following her for half a mile (more 
or less), when the Atla7ita seemed to eet aground. Both monitors 
fired at the Atlanta in this position. Tne Atlanta returned their tire 
once or twice. 

At this time monitor No. 1 steamed past the Atlanta lx>tween the 
Atlanta and the shore, neither vessel firing, but as soon as monitor 
No. 1 had passed to stern of the Atlanta she fired once. After a little 
delay monitor No. 2 followed in the path of monitor No. 1 and took 
pr sition also to stem of the Atla?ita. The Atlaiita did not fire cither 
t'me when the monitors passed, although I think they went very 
near her. 

After four shots from the Atlanta and five from the monitors, and 
at about fifteen minutes of 6, I noticed small boats passing from )x)th 
ironclads to the Atlanta. I could not distinguish any signs of sur- 
render on part of the Atlanta^ but at 6 o'clock a. m. I noticed steam 
c*oming from the Atlanta^ which I think came from her steam pump. 

At nfteen minutes after 6 the positions of the vessels had changed 
so as to bring the Atlanta to the southward and }>oth monitors north 
of her. 

At twenty minutes past 6 a wooden gunboat came alongside the 
Atlanta^ and then the United States flag was noticed flying on the 
Atlanta. 

At 6:30 we got underway to return to the city, the AtlanUi at the 
time appearing to have a list oflfshore. 

I noticed only one shot from the enemy which did not ricochet. All 
others, both from the Athmtu and the enemy, seemed to ricochet. 

The Atlanta did not appear to move after she first grounded. It 
seemed as if the AtlaTita was (captured in the very place she grounded. 
Very respectfully, your oliedient servant, 

C. LUCIAN eloXKS, 

Secretary to Conunandrr Wehh^ Commanding Af^Mit, 

Lieutenant Commanding J. S. Kknnard, 

Ccmrnanding Naval StatUm (pro tem.)^ Savanna li^ Ga. 



290 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOGKADIKO SQUADROK. 



Beport of Brigadier-Oeneral Meroer, 0. 8. Armj. 

Headquarters Military District of Georgia, 

Sa/oannah, June 17^ 1863, 
General: I have the honor to report to the commanding^ general 
that the C. S. S. Atlanta {FhigaZ) surrendered to the abolitionists at 
7 a. m. this day. The Atlajita proceeded to Wassaw Sound to attack 
two monitors which arrived there several days since. Captain [J. S.] 
Kennard, C. S. Navy, who witnessed the meeting at a distance of 8j 
miles, reports that the Atlanta fired only four shots. She appeared 
to be aground at the time and the enemy at once took possession. It 
is surmised that the crew mutinied and overpowered the officers. 

Colonel [D. L.] Clinch, commanding Fourth Georgia Cavalry, 
reports that the al)olitionists are landing a large force on St. Simon's 
Isknd. He thinks that cavalry or artillery constitute a part of the 
force, and that a \evy serious incursion is intended. 

I shall use every effort to repel the invaders, but, as the general is 
aware, my force is much reduced and my means small. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

H. W. Mercer, 
Brigadiar- General^ Oanimanding, 

Brigadier-General Thomas Jordan, 

Chief of Staff. 



Report of Commander Webb, C. 8. Navy, commanding 0. 8. 8. Atlanta. 

Richmond, Va., October 19^ 1864. 

Sir: I most respectfully submit the following report of the C. S. S. 
AtlantcHs movements and subsequent capture: 

On the evening of June 15, 1863, at 6 p. m., I got underway and 
left Thunderbolt, Wassaw [Wilmington] River, to save the tide which 
enabled the ship to go over the lower obstructions. At 8 p. m. I 
came to anchor and was occupied the entire night coaling. On the 
cvoiiiiig of the 16th, about dark, I proceeded down the river to a point 
of lancT whi(^h would place me [witnjin 5 or 6 miles of the monitors, at 
the same time concealing the ship from their view, ready to move on 
them at early dawn the next morning. 

At 3: 30 a.^ m. on the 17th, the tide then being a quarter flood, and 
everything favoraWe, I got underway with the hope of surprising the 
enemy. They made no move indicating a knowledjje of my approach 
until I was within a mile or a mile and a half, steering for mem under 
full steam. When we reached within three-fourths of a mile of them 
the Atlanta touched the bottom. I immediately infoimed the pilots 
of the fact, and ordered the engines to be backed, but it was fully fif- 
teen minutes l>efore she was in motion, though the tide was rising 
fast. As soon as the ship was well afloat, I oraered the engines to go 
ahead, with the hope of turning her more into the channel, but sne 
could not obey her nelm, from the fact of the flood tide being on her 
starlK)ard bow, and her bottom so near the ground. She was oonse- 
(juently forced upon the bank again. I)uring this time the U. S. mon- 
Jtor Jr^eAawken^ being in motion and m&vckft lot xsa^ \ ot^x^ 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 

Lieutenant Barbot to open fire on her, thinking this would arreHt her 
course and cause her to engage at the distance then between us; but 
on she came, unheeding ra^ fire. In the meantime the Atlanta floated 
again, still, nowever, refusing to mind her helm from the same cause 
as before stated, and was thus forced again on the Imnk. 

Whilst afloat, I was cx)nfident of success, as I felt confidence in my 
torpedo, which I knew would do its work to my entire satisfaction, 
should I but l)e able to touch the IVeehawhm^ sHe then lieing but 2<H) 
yards off, steering for me. 

Captain John Kodgers evidently knew the Atlanta was aground, as 
she had not approac^hed him since he discovered her, and he held his 
fire up to this close range, I firing when I could obtain sight on him. 
At this juncture the Weehawh-n fired simultaneously her XV and XI 
inch guns, the shot from the latter passing over me,'l)ut the shot from 
the AV-inch gun striking our shield on a line al)ove the port shutter, 
nearly abreast the pilot house, driving the armor through, tcnring 
away the woodwork inside 3 feet wide by the entire length of the 
shield, causing the solid shot in the i*acks and everything movable in 
the vicinity to be hurled across the deck with such force as to knock 
down, wound, and disable the entire gun's crew of the port l>roadside 

Sm in charge of Lieutenant Thurston (Marine Cori>s) and also half of 
e crew at Lieutenant Barbot's bow gun, some thirty men l)eing 
injured more or less. 

The next shot was from her Xl-inch ^un which struck her knuckles, 
not however breaking the iron, which is there but 2 inches, and doing 
no damage except starting the waterways. 

The next and third shot striking us was from her XV-inch gun and 
struck the starboard side port shutter of Master Wragg's gun at a 
considerable angle (the Weehawken. then l)eing nearly on our (juarter), 
breaking the shutter in half, ripping up the armor and throwing the 
fragments inside, and wounding and disabling for a time, half of the 
guirs crew. 

The last shot fired was also a XV-inch, which struck the port corner 
of the pilot house, cutting the top off and starting the entire frame to 
its foundation, at the same time wounding two of the pilots very 
severely. 

All tnis time we were hard and fast aground. The tide did not rise 
high enough for an hour and a half to float the ship, and seeing the 
e&cts of the Wee/iawte?i^« shot, and the |)osition she and the monitor 
Nahant had assumed on eac*h quarter of the Athvnta^ where my guns 
could not be brought to l^ear on them, to save life I wius induced to 
surrender. 

The action lasted from five minutes of 5 to half past 7 a. m. I 
could only fire seven shots, and my aim was necessjirily very imper- 
fect, owin^ to the want of lateml 'motion to my guns. 'The Wei fiatr- 
ken fired six times. 

I can not speak too highly of the oflicers and crew under my com- 
mand. They all displayed those qualities which are inherent in brave 
men, combining coolness with perfect obedience, though the majority 
of the crew were from the mountains of Georgia and had but a limited 
idea of a ship of war. 

Aooompanying this report I transmit the surgeon's rejwrt* of 
casualties. 



* Not found. 



292 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADBON. 

Hoping you will grant me a court of enquiry, to enquire into the 
circumstanceH attending ttie ios8 of the C. S. S. Ati^nta at an early day, 
I have the honor to be, yours, with great respect, 

W. A. Webb, 
Cammaikder^ C. S. Na/iyy, 

Hon. S. R. Mallory, 

Sict'etary Nmni^ (hnftderate States of Ameriaa. 



Rejxyrt n f CapUtin Steedmnn^ U, S. Xavy^ comnmndhw ZL S, S. Pmo- 
luitan^ regarding chme ofHchoo7\er William ^priggs. 

U. S. S. Powhatan, 

Off Charlestmk., 8. 6'., Jime 18. 1863. 

Commodore: Last evening at half past 9 o'clock a sail was discov- 
ered oflF the port beam of this vessel standing in for the land and to cross 
our bows; a shot was fired from one of the howitzers to bring her to, 
upon which she immediately tacked and stood off, showing no light 
and taking no notice of the shot. 

This suspicious movement caused me to slip and go in chase. From 
the time I slipped to the time of overtaking and bringing her to I 
fired no less tnan six times at her and was over an hour in pursuit; not 
a sign of a light was shown, nor any notice taken by the master of the 
schooner of his l>eing chased until we were within point-blank range, 
when he hove to and showed a lii^ht. 

The vessel proved to Ije the schooner William SpriggSy of Philadel- 
phia, bound to Port Royal with coal. Upon her master being brought 
on board, the only excuse he could give was that he was below and did 
not know until tlie last two shots fired at him that I was in chase. I 
beg that you will bring to the notice of the admiral the conduct of this 
man, who, from either pure impudence, obstinacy, or imprudence, 
caused this vessel to be drawn from her station, and the Government 
put to expense in the consumption of fuel and waste of expe/isive 
amnumition, to make him comply with the common rules which gov- 
ern all vessels on the high seas, and the law which directs that vessels 
should carry a light forward at all times. 

I Jim, sir, v(M-y respectfully, your obedient servant, 

Charles Steediian, 

Captain. 

Commodore Thomas IVrnkr, 

Senior Officer Present. 



Letter from Brigadier- Gvnrral Gilhnore., TJ. S. Ariny^to Rear- Admiral- 
Du Pimts IL S. Nary^ rcipusting that ciTt^iin refugees be sent to him 
for Verbid examination. 

Headquarters Department of the South, 
HiUon Head, Port Royal, S. C, June 18, 186S. 
Admiral: 1 am informed by General Vogdes that certain negroes 
who escaped from the enemy have recently l)een sent to you from the 
sguadron off Charleston Harlx)r. 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOOKADIKO SQUADBON. 293 

Will you do me the &vor to inform me if they bring any informa- 
tion, and if so, to send them on shore so that I may have an oppor- 
tunity of talking with them? 

I nave the honor to be, admiral, very respectfully, your obedient 
servant, 

Q. A. 61LLMORE, 

Brigadier- General^ Commanding, 

Rear-Admiral S. F. Du Pont, 

Ommdg. South AUmtic BlocJcdg. Squad tvm^ Flagship Waha^h, 



Report of Rear-Adiniral Iht, Pont^ U. S. JVWy, of t/ie capture of the 
Hchooner Kmnia^ June 19^ 1863^ off MosquiU) Inlet, 

No. 326.1 Flagship Wabash, 

Port Royal Harbo>\ S, C, June 21, , 1863. 
Sir: I have the honor to report the capture, on the 19th instant, by 
the U. S. mortar schooner Para,, Acting Master E. G. Furlx>r, conl- 
manding, of the schooner Emma^ off Mosquito Inlet, whilst attempt- 
ing to run the blockade. The crew deserted her. 
rfo public papers were found on board of her. 
I have ordei-M her to Philadelphia under charge of Acting Master's 
Mate John McDonough, of the Para, 

I forward herewith (marked No. 1) a list of the oflScei's and crew of 
the Para entitled to prize money. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

S. F. Du Pont, 
Rear- Admiral^ Coindg, Siruih Atlantic Blockdy, Sqmdrfyft. 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of the Na/vy^ Washington ^ D, C. 



Ord^ of Rear-Adiniral DuPont^ U. S, Navy^ to Acting MaMer Kirhy^ 
U. S, Natyy^ commanding the U, S, Itark Midnight, 

Flagship Wabash, 
Port Rcryal UarlMv, S, C„ June 19, 1863, 
Sir: You will proceed with the Midnight under your command to 
Sapelo Sound and relieve the WamMutta in the blockade of that phico. 

1 ou will consider yourself under the inmiediate orders of Comman- 
der A. C. Rhind, senior oflBcer present at St. Simon's. 
Reflpeilfully, eti»., 

S. F. Du Pont, 

Rea /•- ^1 dm iraL 

Acting Master N. Kirbt, 

U. S, Bark Midnight, 



Ordf^ of Rear- Admiral Du Pord^ U, S, Navy, to Acting Volunteer 
Lieutenant Kittredge^ U, S, Naiyy^ rommandnig the U, S, S, Wam- 
»utta. 

FiJiusHxr Wabash, 
P(*rt Royal IIaf^M)r, S. June 19, 1863, 
Sib: On bein^reliered hy the Mid nig fd you w\\\ pTOQV<>^\ Vv> \>vA\on 
and relieve the jFenmfidhta^ whi(*h vessel you wiW tow lo 



294 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOOKADIN0 SQUADRON. 

You will consider yourself under the immediate orders of Comman- 
der Rhind, senior officer at St. Simon's. 
Respectfully, etc., 

S. F. Du Pont, 

Rear- Admiral. 

Acting Volunteer Lieutenant J. W. Kittredge, 

U. S. S. Wavimdta^ Sapelo. 



Letter from Reofr- Admiral Du Pord^ U. S, Namf^ to Commander Rhvnd^ 
IL S. Namf^ commmidiiig the U. S. S. Paid Jones, 

Flagship Wabash, 
Port RcyyaJ, Harbor, S. C, June 21, 186S. 
Sir: Information has just been received from refugees that the 
rebels are securing railroad iron on a small steam tug at a place called 
Fort Harrington Send, on the Altamaha River. 
I send this information for what it is worth. 
Respectfully, etc., 

S. F. Du Pont, 

Rea/r-Admiral. 

Commander A. C. Rhind, 

U. S. S. Paul Jones, St. Simon^a. 



Onh'^r o f Rear- Admired Du Ponl^ U. S. Navy, to Commander Daionea, 
U. S. Na/vy, comrrumding tlie U. 8. S. Nahmd. 

Flagship Wabash, 
P<yrt Royal Harbcrr, S. C, June 23, 1863. 
Sir: On the receipt of this order you will repair with the Ndhant 
to Port Royal. 

You w;ill please give full directions to Lieutenant Dexter, of the 
Cimarron, to take every precaution against surprise. 
Respectfully, etc., 

S. F. Du Pont, 

Rear- Admiral. 

Conmuinder J. Downes, 

IL S. S. JVa/iant, Wassa/w. 



Rejxf'rt of Actimj Rear- Admiral Lee, U. S. Navy, of arrival of steamer 
Relief at Ilafnptwi Roads. 

U. S. FiJkGSHiP Minnesota, 
Of Newport News, Va. , Juyie 23, 1863. 
Sir: The transport steamer Relief, under navy charter, with work- 
men and materials on board for Port Royal, arrived here on the 19th 
instant and was supplied with 38 tons of coal belonging to the Navy. 
I have the honor to be, sir, verv respectfully, yours, 

S. P. Lee, 

Acting Rear- Admiral, Oimidij. North Atlantic Blockdg. Squad/ron. 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secretai^y of the Navy, Washington, D. C. 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING BQUADEON. 



295 



Aimtra^jtloo qfike S, Flamieaii^ LisutemM-(hmm^ndLT Upshur^ 

June 2J, 186S.^ At anchor off Murreirs Inlet p At 5:10 a, m. f=ipoke 
the schooner Bettis Oratzer^ of BarbiMlos, under British colors, ten 
dsLjs from New York for IIa%*ana, in ballast. Ordered her to henve to. 
At 5:15 st*nt an officer on board to examine her paper**. At 5:30 be 
returned, bringing with him the captain, mate, and papers of the 
schooner. Her papers were apparently correct, but on enquiry we 
found that the ewiihooner had been for many hours inside the line of 
blucliadc, and had been anchored in 4 fathomH water, near Singleton's 
Swa,sh. While there her boat was launched, captain and mate went 
ftshore in her and comnmnicated with the inhabitiintt*, remaining over 
an hour. They carried with them some salt beef, which was given to 
the persons w ho met them on the beach. Upon their return the 
schooner their boat was taken in and securecf; when the anchor was 
we idled it was not secured for sea, but by the mate's orders kept in 
readincsH for letting go at a moment's notice. Under the circum- 
stances, and from the contradictory statements of the crew and officers, 
it was deeuied adviE!«able to send her to Philadelphia for adjudication. 
At 10:30 a, m- tmnaf erred the officers and crew, with their baggage, 
to this vessel^ with the exception of the captain and cook, who were to 
proceed north in the schooner. 



Ord^ of Rmr-Admiml Du Pmt, Navy^ Limtmani-Oom- 

itumder QmckenAmk^ U. S. iVai^i/^ commanding V. S. 8. Utrndilla^ 
to procem to WasH€m Stmiid^ Ge&rg ia. 

FuinsHU' Wabash, 
Ptyrt Rmjal Ifm^o/% (X, Jun^m^, 1863, 
Sir: On the receipt of this order you will proceed to W^asjsaw Sound 
and take charge as senior officer of those watei's, taking every precau- 
tion against surprise from Wilmington River. 
RGsi>ectfully, etc., 

8. F. Du Pont, 

Jimr- Admiral. 

Lieutenaot-Cooimander S, P* Quackenbusb, 

a S. UnadiU a . 



Order of Seeretart/ of ths Na\^ii to Rmr-Adm iml Dahlgren^ U. S. 
Na^j to mmme temporary mmmmid of t]\^ So^dh Atlmitic Block- 
ading Sfuadrm* 

Navy Department, June 1S6S, 
Sir: Haying Iwon appointed next in command t(j Rear- Admiral 
Foote, and that distinguished officer being unable from sickness to pro- 
ceed to Fort Royal, whither he was ordered, you are hereby detached 
temporurily from duty as Chief of the Bureau of Ordnance and will 
repair to New York, and thence to Port Royal, and relieve Rear* 
Admiral Du Pont of the command of the South Atlantic Blockading 
Squadron. 

Very respectfully, 

GmmN WELLEa 
Rear- Admiral John A. Daulgren, U. S. Navy, 

Washington.,, 



296 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADROK. 

Order of the Secretary of the Navy to Rear- Admiral Du JPmtj V. Sn 
Mii^^ to turn over all unexecuted orders to Rear- Admiral Dahlareii^ 
U, o. Navy^ mcceedin^ to the cmn maivd of the Soulh AHantic block- 
ading Squadron. 

Navy Department, June 2^^ 1863. 
Sir: Rear- Admiral Footo being unable from sickness to proceed to 
Port Royal, Rear- Admiral Dablgren, who was appointed next in com- 
mand, has been ordered to repair thither and relieve you of the com- 
mand of the South Atlantic blockading Squadron, and you will turn 
over to him all unexecuted orders. 
Very respectfully, etc., 

Gideon Welles, 
Secretary of Navy. 

Rear- Admiral Saml. F. Du Pont, 

Comdg. South Atlantic Block. Squadron^ Port Royal^ S. C. 



Order of the Secretainj of the Navy to Rear- Admiral Du I\mt^ U. S. 
Nairy^ that a hoard be appointed to appraise the prize Atlanta^ her 
equipments^ etc.^ and that after repairs she he assigned for service in 
the South Atlantic Blockaaing Squadron. 

Navy Department, June 2^^ 1865. 

Sir: Have drawings and descriptions of the Atlanta prepared and 
forwarded to the Department, also an inventory of all articles found 
on board; and appoint a board of competent officers, having nopecun- 
iaiy interest in tne capture, to appraise the vessel, her equipments, 
etc., and forward their report to the Department. 

Put such repairs on the Atlanta as she may require, officer and man 
her, and assign her service in the South Atlantic Blockading Squadron. 

Forward to the Department any trophies of interest tolonging to 
the prize. 

Very respectfully, etc., 

Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of the Navy. 

Rear-Admiral Saml. F. Du Pont, 

Comdg. South Atlantic Block. Squadron^ Port Royal^ S. C. 



Letter from the Secretary of the Nai^xj to Brigadier- General Totten^ 
U. S. Arnuj^ requesting to he furnished with certain ii\formatum 
relative to rort Sumter. 

Navy Department, Jv/ne 1863. 
Sir: Will vou be good enough to furnish this Department with the 
following information relative to Fort Sumter, viz: 

A general plan of the fort, showing relative position to other objects, 
depth of water near to it, ete. 

Sections, vertical and horizontal, showing dimensions, embrasures, 
material, sites of magazine, etc. 
Very respectfully, 

Gideon Welles. 

Secretary of the Nowy. 

Bri^radier-General Jos. G. Totten, 

JPfiffineer Corps^ U. S. Army^ WcwKington, D. C. 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 297 

Repnrt of Rmr- Admiral Du Panty U. S, Naoy^ trammitting reports 
regarding needed repairs to the U, S. S. Patapxco. 

No. 330.] PYagship Waba8H, 

Port Rtyyal Harbor, S. June 25, 1863. 
Sir: I have the honor to forward herewith a copy of a report 
(marked No. 1) made by Lieutenant-Commander Erbcn* of the PaUjp- 
9C0j stating that a tooth in the main pinion of the turret gearing of 
that vessel had given way, and, though once repaired, had given way 
a second time. 

Commander George Rodgers, the senior officer in North EMisto, 
ordered a survev, the report of which is herewith enclosed (marked 
No. 2). 

The board say that though it might be temporarily repiirod at Poit 
Roval, yet, for effective service in action, a new pinion should lie 
ordered from the North, where they have the pattern. 

I desire, therefore, to call the particular attention of the Depart- 
ment to this report. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

S. F. Du Pont, 

Rear- Admiral, Coiiiinanding Smdh Atluntic Blockading Sqxuidrmu 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of the Navy, Waahingto^i. 

[Enclosure No. 1.] 

U. S. Ironclad Patapsco, 
North Edhto, S. a, June 19, 1863, 
Sir: I have to report that to-day a tooth of the main pinion of the 
turret gearing gave way. On tfie Ist instant the same tooth gave 
wav while turning the turret. The chief engineer repaired it ])y dove- 
tailing a wrought-iron one in its place. The gearing was reported 
ready and the tuiTet turned three times. 

To-day it gave way a second time, and the chief engineer reports 
his inability to repair the same here. The turret was used after the 
breaking of the tooth, but with it gone the whole pinion is liable to 
be broken. 

Very respectfully, your ol)edient servant, 

H. Erben, Jr., 
Lieutenan t- Com. in a n <ler. 

Rear- Admiral S. F. Du Pont, 

Conndg. Sovih Atlantic BUh:1\ Squadron, Ptrrt Royal, S, (\ 

[Enclomire Xo. 2.] 

U. S. Ironclad Steamer Patapsco, 

North Edisto Inlet, jS\ C, Jintr £0. 1863. 
Sir: We have examined the condition of the main pinion of the 
turret gearing of this vessel and are of the opinion that it would he 
impracticable to attempt to repair it here with the facilities at hand. 
It might be temporaril}' repaired at Port Royal, but a new pinion for 



298 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING 8QUADBON. 

effective service in action should be ordered from the North, where 
they have the pattern. 

We are, very respectfully, j^our obedient servants, 

B. B. H. Wharton, 
First Assistant Engineer. 

Geo. D. Emmons, 
Second Assistant Engineer. 

Geo. H. WnrTE^ 
Seco9id Assistant Engineer. 

Commander Geo. W. Rodgers, U. S. Navy, 

Commanding U. S. Ironclad OcUskill. 



[Telegram.] 

New York, June «e, 1863. 
I have not yet heard from AdmimI Paulding nor from Mr. Copeland 
whether the steamer is chartered to take me to Port Royal. Captain 
Comstock says the ^ew London is a good sea boat. A enarter for one 
month will suffice. Admiml Paulding suggests the Baltic. 

John Dahlorbn. 

Hon. G. V. Fox, 

Assistant Secretary, 

[Telegram.] , 

St. John, New Brunswick, June 26^ 1863. 

(Received 4:05 p. m.) 
British steamer Eila, formerly Republic^ 124 tons, John N. Purdy, 
master, will attempt to break blockade off South Carolina between Ist 
and 4th July. 

J. Q. Howard, 

U. S. Consul. 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secretary/ Navy, 



Lettei* from. Brigadier- G enteral GiUtnore^ U. S. Army^ to Rear- 
Admiral I)n Pont^ U. S. Navy^ regarding proposed joint operations 
against the def ernes of Charleston, 

Department of the South, 
Hilton Head, Port Royal, S. CI, June 26, 1863. 

Dear Sir: I have the honor to lay before you very briefly the 
prominent features of a project for securing the possession of Morris 
Island and the reduction of Fort Sumter, which tiave already formed 
the subject of our conversations at two informal interviews. 

The plan involves naval cooperation, and as you informed me this 
afternoon that no instructions covering cooperation of this special 
chai-acter had been received by you, I am anxious to know how far 
existing orders will enable you to render aid, provided the project 
itself meets with j'our approWtion. 

Having entertained a nrm belief, as I now do, in your entire willing- 
ness as well as desire to cooperate with the land forces in any and all 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



299 



operationr^ promising success, I regretted to learn that additional 
instructions were required before you could fully act. There is scarcely 
time to communicate with Washington before the initiatory steps 
should be taken. I deem it of the utmost importance that the attack 
be made within the next week, before the enemy get wind of it and 
can concentrate troops from other quarters. 

The defenses of Morris Island against an attack from Folly Island 
comprise live guns and three mortars at the south end, two guns near 
the fight-house, and two or three guns in Battery Wagner. I expect 
to silence the guns on the south end of the island, land a force there 
in small boats, and get possession as far up as the light-house, carrying 
the two-gun battery there. All this should bo done under cover of a 
fire from a small fleet in the channel. With this assistance from the 
Navv, I expect to be able to carry Battery Wagner. Indeed, I think 
the Kavy alone could reduce it. 

At the same time, I propose to make a strong demonstration from 
the Stono against the James Island defenses, with a heavy force landed 
at and below Grimball's, under cover of a couple of gunboats or more. 

A light-draft gunboat like the NcDonouijh^ for example, might 
ascend the Little Folly and open vigorously on Secession ville. The 
enemy's attention would thus be called away from the true point of 
attacl^. They have no suspicion as yet that I am erecting batteries on 
the south end of Folly Island. 

The foregoing are the salient features of this project, subject, of 
course, to alterations and improvement, at your suggestion. 

How far, admiral, do you feel disposed and at liberty to aid in its 
execution ? 

If you will appoint an hour for me to see you to-day, I will do 
myself the pleasure to call, when the details can l>e disciLssed fully. 

With great respect, admiral, 1 have the honor to remain, your obe- 
dient sei-vant, 

Q. A. GiLLMORE. 

Rear-Admii-al S. F. Du Pont, 

Comdy. South Atlantic Iilo€kadi7ig iSquadrmu Port Royal^ S. C. 



Oi'dt-r of Hear- Admiral Ihi Pout^ U, Xavy^ to ( onunandtr Rod- 
ijerm^ tl. S. Nmy^ toprejmrts the U. S. .V. Nantuch t f(tr erossivg the 
Stono Bar. 

Flagship Wabash, 
Port Royal Ilarhor, S, T., June '27, 1863, 
Sib: You will please prepare the U. S. ironclad Xantneket for 
crossing the Stono Bar b^*^ taking out all her coal except 40 tons and 
reducing her drnft as far as may be consistent with her steemge. 
The H^antuchet should be ready to leave North Edisto on the 30th 
instant. 

Respectfully, etc., 

S. F. Du Pont, 

Rear-Ad/fiiraL 

Commander G. W. Rodoers, 

U, S. S. Catskill^ Senior Officer^ Xorth EdiHttK 

If W B— VOL 14 20 



300 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADBON. 



Letter from the Secretary of tlie Navy to Bear- Admiral Du Pont, U. 8. 
iV^^'V, reqardinq the removal of guns from the wreck of the U. S. 8. 
Keokxik ty the Vonfederates, 

Navy Department, June 27^ 1863. 
Sir: The Department learns with regret by your litter of the 6th 
instant that the paragmph from the Charleston Mercury, forwarded to 
you, stating that the guns of the Keohik have been i-emoved from the 
wreck and Siken to Charleston, is probably correct. You remark, how- 
ever, that the work must have l)een done in the night, and add that 
the Dopaitnient has alreadv been informed in your dispatch. No. 208, 
that you offered every facility to Chief Engineer Robie to blow up the 
Keolciik with Mr. Ericsson's raft, but that officer found it too danger- 
ous to use. 

The duty of dcstro^nng the Keohuk and preventing her guns from 
falling into the hands of the rebels devolved uoon the commander in 
chief mther than on Chief Engineer Robie. I ao not understand that 
the operations were necessarily limited to Mr. Ericsson's raft, of which 
such apprehensions appear to have been entertained. The w^reck and 
its imnortimt armament ought not to have been abandoned to the reb- 
els, wnose sleepless labors appear to have secured them a valuable 
prize. 

Very respectfully, etc., 

Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of the Navy, 

Rear- Admiral Saml. F. Du Pont, 

Conid<j, South Atlantic Blockadiny Squadron, Port Royal, S. C. 



Letter from the Secretary if the Navy to Rear- Admiral Dahlgren, 

' U, S. Navy. 

Navy Department, June 1863. 
Silt: Enclosed is a letter from General Totten, with sketches * asked 
for by you, relative to Charleston, S. C. 
Very respectfully^ 

Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of the Navy. 

Rear- Admiral J. A. Dahlgren, U. S. Navy, 

New York. 



[Tclegnim.] 

New York, June ^, 1863. 
I am re^idy to leave whenever the steamer shall be coaled and 
manned, which will not be later than Monday evening, so far as I can 
now learn. 

J. A. Dahlgren. 

Hon. G. V. Fox. 



*Not found. 



SOUTH ATLANnO BLOCKADING 8QUADE0N. 301 

Rfrport of Rettt' Admiral DaJdgren^ U. S. Navy^ regarding tJie arma- 
inerU of the if. S. S. New Ironsides. 

Inteknational Hotel, 
Neic Ym^h, June 28, 1863. 
Sib: With roference to the difficulty experienced on a former occa- 
sion with the Ironsides, I propose to substitute rifle guns for those 
now mounted. 

A number of rifled cannon have already been ordered to Port Royal 
by the Bureau for general use, and some of these can supply the 
Tronsides, if the Department apjjroves of the proposed change of 
battery, which is only to bo considered as temporary for a specific 
purpose. Will the department please to apprise me of its pleasure 
through the Bureau of Ordnance? 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

Jno. a. Dahlgren, 
Rear- Admiral, U. S. Navy. 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of the Navy. 



Order of Rear-Adjuiral Du Polity U. S. Navy, to Cowmander Balch, 
Sl Navy, commandhw the U. S. S. Pawnee, to inveHigate ana 
report whether he can destroy the steamer Ruby, ashore at FoUy 
Mand, South Carolina. 

Flagship Wabash, 
Port Royal Harbor, S. C, June 28, 1863. 
Sir: Commodore Turner infonns me that the rebels are wrecking 
the steamer R%Ay, ashore at Follv Island, as well as the soldiei*s, and 
that he had advised General Vogdes to destroy heK 

It seems to me that this should be done at once, as it will not do to 
allow the rebels to take any of her supplies. 

You will please investigate the matter and report to me whether you 
can destroy ner. 

Respectfully, etc., 

S. F. Du Pont, 

Rear-Admiral. 

Commander G. B. Balch, 

U. S. S. Pawnee, Senior Officer, Stono. 



Report of Comma/nder Balch, U. S. Navy, commanding the U. S. S. 
Pawnee, that the steo/mer Ruby can he destroyed. 

U. S. Steam Sloop Pawnee, 
Ston^) Inlet, South Carolina, June ^0, 1863. 
Sib: I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your comnm- 
nication of June 28th, instant, and beg leave to report that I received 
a letter from Commodore Turner on me 27th instant suggesting the 
propriety of destroying the Ruhy^ and also suggesting the propriety 
of conferring with General Vogdes in reference to this case. This I 
readily assented to and called upon General Vogdes, showing him Com- 
modore Turner's letter, and verbally stated to the general the dislike 



302 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING 8QUADB0N* 



that wn^ entertained by the blockading force off Charleston at seeine 
the rebels wrecking the Rnhy. I beg leave to state that at Greneru 
Vogdes's suggestion, after putting the case to hinoi as the Navj' r^arded 
it, 1 wrote to Commodore Turner setting forth the views of General 
Vogdes, which, in brief, were these, that he is hard at work on the 
batteries at the head of Folly Island, where, I have just been informed 
b}' General Vogdes, arc to be placed forty-six guns and moilars, and 
it was considered of vital importance that the troops should not be 
disturbed in their labors, and the geneml (Vogdes) was of opinion that 
it would be better to forego any small advantage that mi^ht be gained 
bv offensive operations against the wreck for the infinitely neater 
advantage to be gained if uie enemy were in ignorance of our (^sig^ns, 
and thereby enable us to work without annoyance on our batteries. 
The case seemed well put by Geneml Vogdes, and I deem it but just 
and proper to state that I regarded it in that light and have so repre- 
sented it to Commodore Tunier. I deem it important to further state 
that General Vogdes did not object to blowing up the wreck by the 
vessels of the blockade, but thought it of much greater importance for 
his forces to carry on their work without either exciting suspicion or 
drawing the enemv's fire upon the troops at work on the batteries at 
the head of Folly "island. 

In juJistice to my own sense of my duty, I beg leave to state that soon 
after the Rvhy went ashore off the head of Folly Island I advised Gten- 
ei-al Vogdes to blow her up and at the same time offei^ed the powder to 
do so, and offered to do it. He requested me to send a boat wiUi a 
howitzer to keep the reikis off, but I did not deem it proper under the 
circumstances to do so. In answer to the last clause of your commu- 
nication of June 28, 1 beg leave to report that I can destroy the wi*eck 
of the Ruby by blowing ner up if you deem it expedient for me to do 
so. I write in very great haste, so as not to detain the Daffodil^ and 
beg leave to report all quiet in this vicinity. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

Geo. B. Balch, 
Commander and Senior Officer I^'enent 

Rear-Admiral S. F. Du Pont, 

Omidg. South AtUintic Bloekdy, Squadron^ Port Royal^ S. C. 



Rf jxvrt of Rear-Ad))ural I)u Pont^ U. S, Navy^ of the appointment of 
a hoard to ajrpraht thejmze Atlanta^ hei* equijytnetUs^ etc. 

No. 840. 1 Fi^usHip Wabash, 

Piyrt Royal Harbor, S. June 119, 1863. 
Sir: Drawings and descriptions of the Atlanta have been pi'epared 
and almidy forwarded to the Department Inventories of all articles 
found on board have l)eeii made and a board of competent officers, hav- 
ing no |K^cuniary interest in the capture, has Ijcen appointed to appraise 
the vessel, her equipments, etc., and their report will be forwaraed to 
the Department. 

Repairs have alroiidy l>een made in part and are still progressing, and 
enclosed is a nM|uisition from Chief Engineer Danby for engineers, 
firemen, and coal heavers for the Atlanta, She is at present under the 
comamnd of Acting Master Ben]amii\ W . Ijoraift, o\ liaa WeeKouuskea^ 



SOUTH ATLANTIO BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 303 

Two flacB taken on board have been alread}' put up and addroBsod to 
the Navv Department, Uie only trophies I have knowledge of. 
Very respectfully, your obeaient servant, 

S. F. Du Pont, 
Rear-Admiral^ Comdg, South Atlantic Blocka/iing Squadrrm, 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secretary o ftlie Navtj^ Wn4fhi7i{/t(m. 



Report Rear-Admiral Dahl^ren^ IL S. Navy^ regarding increming 
the ej/udency of wooden vessels by mrrounding the hoilers above water 
line mith armor plating. 

New York, June 29, 18G3. 

Sib: It will add very much to the efficienc}^ of wooden vessels if 
their boilers are surrounded above water by an armor plating, thus 
guarding^ against the greatest danger to whieli steamers can exposed, 
and making it i)088ible for them to endure a fire which otherwise would 
be almost certainl]^ fatal to them. 

A shot in the boiler not only disables the steam power at once, but Ls 
more destructive to life than any other agent, and the prospect of such 
an occurrence may well demoralize the crew. 

The additional weight is perhaps the only important objection, but 
this will be compensated in some measure' by the removal of other 
weights that however important, are less so than that of the object 
now proposed. 

In the operations of the South Atlantic Squadron I foresee many 
instances when it will be possible with plated boilers, to bring wooden 
steamers into action that otherwise can not be so exposed, and I should 
be g^lad to be furnished with some vessels so fitted, 
iliave the honor to be, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

Jno. a. Dahlgren, 

Rear-AdyniraL 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of the Nam/. 



Report of Rear-Admired Du Pont^ U. S. Navy., stating reamnn for 
sendin^f north the S. S. Sebago. 

No. 334.] Flagship Wabash, 

Port Royal Harbor, S. C, June '^9, 1863. 

Sib: On the 18th instant I sent the U. S. S. Sebago to Wassaw Sound 
to bring to Port Royal the ironclad prize Atlanta and the prisoners 
taken in her. In coming out of Wassaw the Sefnigo ran on the 
breakers and remained ashore for two tides, thumning heavily. 

Her engines were, for the time, whollv disabled, and I sent the 
Dawn to tow her hither. In doing this the Dawn lost her propeller 
and both she and the Sebago were subsequently towed "to Port Royal. 
The engines of the Sebago have since been put in working order, but 
as I have had it in view for some time to send her north to make 
important improvements and to overhaul her thoroughly , ail^T ^ c\\mv^. 
oliifteeB montbe, I use her now to tow the Dawn to NeA\ X oxWxWv ww 
urgent request that she may lye sent back as soon as may be 'pY«kAi\Ac>iX>\vi, 



304 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOOKADIKG 8QUADB0K. 



A board of survey was ordered to examine into the extent of the dam- 
age received while on shore at Wassaw, and their report does not indi- 
cate that the injury has been of a serious nature. It is, however, 
important that the*^ copper should be examined, as at this season the 
worms soon destroy any wood which they can reach. I would respect- 
fully call the attention of the Department to the ventilation of the 
Seliago and to the position of her pivot guns, which might be changed 
with advantage. 

Very respectf uUv, your obedient servant, 

S. F. Du Pont, 
Rear-Admiral^ Comdg. South AtUmtic Blockadmg Sq^iodron. 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secretary o f the Navy ^ Washington^ D. C. 



Letter from Bear- Admiral Du Poiit^ U. S. Navy^ to Brigadier- General 
Olllmore, U. S. Army^ respecting delaying operations to assist mili- 
tary forces in proposed inovements^ in view of his early relief in the 
command of tKe squadron. 

Flagship Wabash, 
Port Boyal Ha/rhor, S. (7., June 29, 1863. 

General: I have delayed until the arrival of the Aro/go to reply to 
your communication of the 2()th instant in reference to naval assist- 
ance and cooperation in proposed movements on your part. 

As I expected, the Arago brings the information that I may look 
this week tor my relief. Admiral Dahlgren, who will doubtless bring 
instructions from the Government in reference to the subject-matter 
of your letter, while I am in entire ignorance of the same, having 
received neither orders nor intimations as to what was pending or 
intended, except that a large party of workmen, with their superin- 
tendents, have been sent with orders to strengthen the itionitors in a 
most material manner, work which will take twelve weeks by their 
estimates. 

I have the pleasure to inform vou that I have every expectation of 
getting an ironclad, the Nantuck^t^ across the Stono Bar at the com- 
ing spring tides, in accordance with your request, and shall direct the 
senior ofiicer of the four vessels in btono to give all support and co- 
operation possible to the army there. 

In reference to operations oflf Charleston, you will at once perceive 
that such operations once commenced could not be discontinued, and 
I can not, m justice to my successor and in the absence of instruc- 
tions, engage therein. 

General, I trust I need not add how agreeable it would be to me to 
be associated with you again in operations on this coast, impressed as I 
was by ^our efficiency and success while attached to the expeditionary 
corps, impressions which have been much strengthened by your 
present energy and zeal. 
Respectfully, etc., 

S. F. Du Pont, 

Bear-AdmiraL 

Brigadier-General Q. A. Gillmore, 

Commanding Department of tke SoutK« 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 305 

Order ^ Rear- Admiral Du Pmit^ U. jS. Navy^ to Conunnnihrr Dtnican, 
U. si Nw€y^ commanding U. S, S. ISehago^ to j>r tweed to Xein York 
for repairs. 

Flagship Wabash, 
Pof^t Royal Harbor, S. C, June 29, 1863. 
Sir: You will proceed with tlie Sdago under your command to 
New York, towing the U. S. S. Dawn, and on your arrival report to 
the commandant of the yard, and through him to the Secretary of the 
Navy by letter. 

I nave informed the Department of the reasons for sending the 
SAago north. 

Respectfully, your obedient servant, 

S. F. Du Pont, 
Rear- Admiral, Comdg. Smith Atlantic Blockading tS<puidron. 

Commander J. M. Duncan, 

D. S. S. Sthago, Port Royal, S. C. 



Order of Rear- Admiral Du Pont^ U, S. Navy, to Acting Master 3foftes, 
U. S. Na^yu, commanding the U, S. bark Fenumdina^ to jrroceed to 
Port^noitth, N. IL, for repairs. 

Flagship Wabash, 
Port Royal Harbor, S. C, June 29, JS63. 
Sir: You will proceed with the Fernandiiia under your command 
to Portsmouth, Is. H., and on your arrival report to tfie commandant 
of the yard in person, and through him to the Navy Department by 
letter. 

Your vessel has been in commission since September, 1801, without 
any opportunity for repaii*s, and as your ship has been on shore twic** 
there is reason to believe that her copper has been much injured, and 
in this climate the worms would soon destroy' her. 

On your way north you will keep a sharp lookout for privateers. 
Respectfully, your oljedient servant, 

S. F. Du Pont, 

Rear- Admiral, Comdg. South Atlu7iti<; Blochuling Squadnm. 

Acting Master E. Moses, 

U. S. Bark Fernandina^ Pttrt Roijal, S. C. 



Report of Rear-Admiral Du Pont, U. S. Navy, regarding the stations 
of tlie vessels of h is command. 

No. 347.] Flagship Wabash, 

Port Royal Harbor, S. C, July 1, 1863. 

Sib: I have the honor to report the following positions on blockade 
of the vessels of this squadron: 

Off Murrell's Inlet, U. S. S. Flambeau. 

Off Georgetown, U. S. S. Conemaugh. 

Off Bull's Bay, U. S. S. Soxith Carolina. 

Off Charleston, U. S. steamers Nmo Ironrnd/^s, Canandaigm., Poir- 
haian. Flag, Augusta^ Ohfj}p(noa, Lodana, Marhlehead, Ottawa, lluTou^ 



306 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQtJADBON. 

Wismhickm^ Memphis^ Dandelion; schooners Norfolk Packet and 
G. W. Blunt. 

In Stono, U. S. steamers Pmmee, NanPucket^ Commjodare McDtm- 
ough^ and schooner C P, Willimns. 
In North Edisto, U. S. ironclads CatskiU and Paiapsco, 
In St. Helena, U. S. bark Ki)igfi4<hei\ 
In Waasaw, U. S. steamers Vnadilla and Cinuimm. 
In Ossabaw, U. S. S. Water Witch. 

Guarding St. Catherine's, Sapelo, Doboy, and St. Simon's, U. S. 
steamers Paid Jones., Warnmitta^ Madgie^ and bark Midnight. 
In St. Andrew's, U. S. bark BrazUiera. 
At Fernandina, U. S. S. PoUnmka. 
In St. John's, U. S. stoiimers E. B. IlaU and Nonoich. 
Off Mosquito, U. S. schooner Para. 

In Port Ro\^al, flagshij^ rr<7i^^/</<,* storeships Vermont and Valpa- 
raiso: repairing and taking in stores, U. S. steamers Housatonic^ 
Weekawken^ Montauk.^ Naharit^ Stettin.,OImnder; txififi Daffodil^ O.M, 
Pettit^ Bescue^ and Columhine. 
As guard ship, Port Royal Harbor, S. C, U. S. S. Mohawk. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

S. F. Du Pont, 
Bear- Admiral Conuig. South Atlantic Blockading Sqyadron, 
Hon. GiDKON Welles, 

Secretary of the Navy^ Washifigton, D. C. 



Beport of Bear- Admiral Du Potit^ IL S, Navy^ regarding the »ucce9S- 
ful (ftitrance of the U. S. S. Nantucket into tlie Stono Biver. 

No. 348.] Flagship Wabash, 

P(yrt Boyal Tlarfxyr., S. July 2, 186S. 

Sir: Having received information from Commander lialch of the 
Pairnee^ senior officer present in Stono, obtained in part through 
deserters, that the rebels had a very large force of negroes engaged 
in deepening Wapnoo Cut in order to push their rams through into 
Stono Kiver, and Hrigadier-(ieneral Gnlmore being also anxious for 
his forces now on Folly Island, I sent Acting Masters (lodfrey and 
Ilaffards, our two most experienced pilots, to sound Stono Bar and its 
approaches with groat care. 

The result was the discovery of a new channel recently formed, 
shorter and stniight<^r than the one heretofore used, and carrying over 
the bar at tlie highest spring tides 14 feet. 

I therefore ordered the U. S. ironclad steamer Nantucket^ Com- 
mander J. Beaumont, to cross the bar and enter Stono, which was 
safely accomplished on the Lst instant. 

The Nantucket was towed by the U. S. army transport Ben De Ford. 
Very respectfuliv, vour ol)edient servant, 

S. F. Du Pont, 
Bcar-Adwir<d, Comdg. South Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of the Navy^ Wa8hi7igt<m^ D. V. 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 307 

Order of the^ Secretary of the Navy to Rear- Adm iral Daldgren ^ U. S. 
JVavjfj assigned to command South AUuntle Squa/Irofi., regarding 
means of protection to boilers of wooden vessels. 

Navy Department, Jidy J, 1S6S. 

Sib: The Department received your letter of the f 29th] ultimo, sug- 
gesting that it will add very much to the efficiency of our wooden vos- 
nels if their boilers are surrounded above water hy an annor plating. 

There are shops and mechanics in the South Atlantic Blockading 
Squadron, and the conunanding officer of the sauadron is authorizea 
to adopt an^ measures for protecting boilers of tne vessels that he may 
deem sufficient for the purpose. Any iron that may be needed will 
be furnished on requisition. 
Very respectfully, 

Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of thv Navy, 

Rear- Admiral Jno. A. Dahlgren, 

Vomdg. South Atlantic Blockading Squodnm,, Port Royal, 



Letter from JSrigadier- General Gillmore,^ U, S. Army ,,to Rear- Admiral 
JJu Ihnt^ U. S. Navj/^ reguestim/ naml aid in an attack u/)cm Morris 
Island^ South Carolina. 

Headquarters Department of the South, 

Hilton Head, Pnrt Royal, S. JidyS, 1863. 

Dear Sir: The enemy is very materially strengthening his defenses 
on Morris Island. A new work of strong relief is being constructed 
just north of the light-house, but 1 attach no especial importance to it 
if we can make an attack before it is finished. My own arrangements 
for attacking Morris Island are completed, but I can not safely move 
witiiout assistance from the Navy. We must have that island or Sul- 
livan's Island as preliminary to any combined militar}'^ and naval attack 
on the interior defenses of Charleston Harbor. 

Morris Island is now the weaker of the two, but in ten days it may 
be made strong enough to hold out against all the naval and military 
force we have here. 

I appreciate the embari-assing position in which the absence ot 
instructions from your chief and the expected arrival of a suc<;essor 
place you. In view of these things, however, must your department 
necessarily be restrained from all offensive operations if 

A portion of your monitors are, I understand, under repairs and 
alterations. Would you be willing, admiral, to place the others (two 
or three for instance) and your avaimble wooden gunboats in the channel 
abreast of Morris Island, and at the same time add a couple of light- 
draft gunboats to the force in the Stono? 

I consider a naval force abreast of Morris Island as indispensable to 
cover our advance up the island and restrain the enemy's gimboat-i 
and ironclads. The force in the Stono forms part of the diversion in 
that direction. 

This will be brought to you by Colonel Turner, my chief of staff, 
who is in poeaesaion ot my views in detail on this mattei. 



308 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQtJADBOK. 



I beg leave, adniiml, to expres»s my sincere thanks for the courteous 
and flattering terms in which your communication of the 29th ultimo 
was couched, and to subscribe myself , 

Your sincere friend and obedient servant, 

Q. A. GiLLMORE, 

Brigadier- General^ Cmnmanding. 

Rear- Admiral S. F. Du Pont, 

Coindg, South Atlantic Blochadhig Squadron^ Port Royal. 

Note. — This letter was acknowledged verbally through Colonel Tur- 
ner, and I requested him to inform General Gillmore that he should 
have all he requii*ed, that every preparation had already been made, 
and the work of strengthening the monitors dii'ected to be carried on 
in such a waj' that it could be closed up at twenty-four hours' notice. 
By so doing, this strengthening of the monitors could l)e continued 
and at the same time involve no delav. Colonel Turner expressed his 
thanks warmly, and stated he thought Tuesday or Wednesday of the 
coming week would l>e the earliest day upon which the general could 
move. (He did not move until Frida}'.) , 

The above letter was delivered and the conversation held with Colonel 
Turner on Fridav, 3d Jul3% 1863. Advised Dahlgren on the next day, 
4th Julv. 

S. F. Du P. 



Order (tf Rear- Admiral Du P<mt, U, S. Namj^ t-o Comviodt^re Turner^ 
U, S, Navy^ cohrmandinq IL S, S, Ntrio Ironsides^ regarding cofjp- 
eration with General Githhore^ IL S, Anny, 

Confidential.] Flagship Wabash, 

Port Royal Harbor, [8. C], Jxdy 3, 1863. 

Sir: Genei-al Gillmore has applied to me for assistance in operations 
on Morris Island. Though without instructions and daily expcctine 
Admiral Dahlgren to relieve me, I am desirous that the latter should 
find everything in as groat a state of readiness as 1 can have them. 

You will therefore keep the Ironsides and such vessels as are suita- 
ble for this service in a condition to remove at any moment across the 
bar, taking what quantity of coal vou may deem iJest for this puipose. 

S. F. Du Pont. 

Commodore T. Turner, 

Neiv Iroimdes, off Charl'Cston, 



Ri'jHfrt of Rear- Admiral DuPont, U. S. Navy, reqardiiig orders iss^ied 
for the U. S. S. linear tojyroceed to Neio York for repairs. 

No. 356.] * Flagship Wabash, 

Port Royal Ilarhor, S. July 1865. 
Sir: The U. S. S. Uncas^ \^e\n^ very much out of order, and her 
mac'hinorv needing extensive repairs, and the whole vessel requiring a 
thorough overhauling, I have ordered Acting Master Watson, the 
commanding officer, to proceed directly tG New York after tilling up 
with coal at Fernandina, repoiling his arrival to the Derailment by 
letter. 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOOKADIKG SQUADROK. 



309 



^ Many of the crew of the Uncos have been out a lonj^ time without 
liberty and require some relaxation. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

S. F. Du Pont, 
Rear-Admiral^ Comdg. South Atlantic Bk>cJcad!n{f 8qwxdr<m. 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of the Navy^ Washington, D, C, 



Report of Bf^adzer- General Oillmore, U, S, Army, regarding prom- 
ifsd cooperation of the navy in atta<^Jc upon J^f orris Isl'and, 

Headquarters Department of the South, 
Hilton. Head, Part Royal, S. July 4, 186S. 
Sir: I have the honor to report that Admiral Du Pont will at once 
enter into my^project for getting possession of Morris Island and 
render all the assistance in his power. He sent me a message to that 
effect last evening. General Seymour returned from Folly Island 
yesterday and reports that the enemy is materially strengthening his 
aefenses there. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

Q. A. Gellmore, 
Brigadier- GeiuTaJ, Commanding. 

Major-General H. W. Hallegk, 

General in Chief, U. S. Army, Washington, D, C 

P, S. — Admiral Dahlgren is reported off the harbor, coming in. 



Rept/rt of Captain Green, U. S, iVaw, limiting the distance in the 
approa4)h of fl^Lg-oj-truce hoots. 

U. S. S. Canandaigua, 
Off Charlestmi, 8. C, July 5, 186S. 

Sir: The rebel flag-of -truce boat was met by a boat dispatched from 
this ship in charge of Lieutenant Manley, and brought a box and 
package, which I send herewith to be disposed of as you may think 
proper, the former for Lieutenant Vireril Ii . Gate, Seventh New Hamp- 
shire Volunteers, Hilton Head, and the latter for the commander of 
the Renaudim^ at Port Royal, requesting that they might be forwarded. 

The commanding officer at Breach Inlet also sent a message to the 
commanding officer of the blockading force off Charleston, requesting 
that boats with flags of truce should not approach the inlet batteries 
nearer than li miles; that there was necessarily some delay in getting 
their boats off, but that they would meet our boats at that distance. 

Observing that the rebel boat was pulling directly for the Chippinca, 
I had directed Lieutenant Manley to say to the officer in charge of 
her, which directions he complied with, that their flags of truce would 
always be met at this end of the line of blockade by one of our boats 
at a distance of a mile or a mile and a half from the blockading vessel 
nearest to the inlet. 

* »****« 

Very respectfully, etc., J. F. Green, 

Captain. 

ConaiBodore T. Turner^ 

OfCAarlesto7),S. C. 



310 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUABBON. 

Report of Coiniruinder Duncwn^ U. S. Navy^ commanding XT. S. S. 
oeiago^ of the arrival of that vessel at New Yark^ towing the U. S. 
S, Vawii, 

U. S. Gunboat Sebaoo, 

New York, Jtdy 6, 1863. 
Sir: I have the honor to report the arrival of the .U- S. S. Sebago 
at this port with the U. S. S. Dawn in tow, after a passage of five 
days from Port Royal. 1 have reported to Rear- Admiral Paulding. 
I enclose a copy of my orders from Rear- Admiral S. F. Du Pont to 
proceed here. 

I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant, • 

J. M. Duncan, 

Ckmmander. 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of tlie Navy^ Washington, D. O, 



Order of Rear- Admiral Du Pont, U. S. Na^yy, to Commander Pdrrott, 
U. ^. Navy, to prepare the U. S. S. Augusta for the transportation 
of the forinner to tlie Ddaware River, 

Flagship Wabash, 
Port Rr/yal //arhrrr, S. CI, July 6, 1863. 
Sir: As I am about to transfer the command of the South Atlantic 
Blockading Squadron to Rear-Admiral Dahlgren, you will prepare the 
Augusta for sea, as I purpose to go into the Delaware in j'our vessel. 

On your arrival at Pniladelphia you will please report to Commodore 
Stribling, commandant of the yard, and tnrough nim to the Depart- 
ment by letter. 

You will also report to the commandant the repairs necessary to your 
vessel and what amount of coal is required to fill you up. 
Respectf ullv, vour obedient servant, 

S. F. Du Pont, 

Rear-Adm!ral, (hmdg. South Atla7\ti<^ Bhxikading Squadron. 

Commander E. G. Parrott, 

U. S. S. Atigvsta, Port Royal, S. C. 



Rejmi of Rear- Admiral Du Pont, U. S. Navy, regarding censure 
expressed hy ths Department. 

No. 362.] Flagship Wabash, 

Port Royal Harbirr, S. C, J\dy 6, 1863. 

Sir: As I was preparing to hand over, at an early hour in the morn- 
ing, the command of the bouth Atlantic Bloi^kading Squadron to Rear- 
Admiral Dahlgren, in accordance with the orders of the Department, 
I received from the latter its communication of the 27th June, the 
latei^t date which has reached me, referring to the guns of ih^ Keokuk. 

Having indulged the hope that my command, covering a period of 
twenty-one months afloat, had not been without i*esults, I was notpre- 

Eared for a continuance of that censure from the Department woich 
as characterized its letters to me since the monitors failed to take 
Charleston. 

I can only add now that to an officer of my temperament^ whoae sole 
aim has boon to do his whole duty, and wVvo Vias paiSaeA. V5DkTo\x^\oT\N- 
ifeven years of service without a word of repvoi>i, tVi^iafe c«uw«%a o\ 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 311 

Navy Department would be keenly felt if I did not know they were 
wholly undeserved. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

S. F. Du Pont, 

Rmr-Admiraly Comdg. South AUantio Blockading Squadron. 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of the Navy^ Washington. 



Report of Itear-Admiral DahLgren^ U. S. Navy.^ regarding proposed 
attack upon Morris Island. 

No. 1.] Flagship Wabash, 

P(yrt Royal Harbor^ S. C\, Jidy 6, 186S. 

Sir: I arrived here on the 4th instant and received the command of 
the squadron to-dav from Rear-Admiral Du Pont. 

He showed me a letter from Brigadier-General Gillmore, stating that 
he was about to operate against Morris Island, and requested naval 
cooperation. 

In view of my expected arrival. Admiral Du Pont declined to make 
arrangements, preferring that 1 should do so. 

On a personal conference with General Gillmore, he further informed 
me that tiie enemy appeared to be aware of his design, and were work- 
ing on Morris Island with great activity to defeat it, in which they 
would succeed unless speedy action were taken. There was no time, 
therefore, to obtain the views of the Department on this subject, and 
it only remained for me to f uinish the assistance required. This I 
propose to do with the turret ironclads. The wooden vessels, also, 
will be used in case the fire of the enemy should not provA too great. 

I regret that the Ironsides will be unable to enter, as the chief pilot 
is of opinion that there will not be sufliicient water on the bar for the 
purpose on tiiat day, nor until the 14:th. Of course the most that is 
exi)ected from the action of these vessels is to relieve the troops as 
much as possible, and is to be considered of no other consequence. 

If the Department has any specific instructions to give upon such 
subjects I shall be happy to conform to them. 
Respectfully, your obedient servant, 

Jno. a. Dahlgren, 
Rear-Admiral., Comdg. South Atlantic Blockading Squadron. 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of the Nanry^ Washi7igtf/n ^ D. C. 



RequeU of Rear- Admiral Dahlgren ^ U. S. Navy., for the U. S. S. 

Passaic. 

No. 2.] Flagship Wabash, 

Port Royal Harbor, S. C, July 6, 1863. 
Sir: May I request to have the Passaic as soon as she can be made 
ready? 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

J. A. Dahlgren, 
Rear-Admiral^ Comdg. South Atlantic Bhckadimj S(imdron. 
Hon. GiDEOH Welles^ 

SgcreearyqftAeNia^vy, Washitigtwi^ D. 



312 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCK ADHTG SQUADBOIT. 



RejH/rt of Rear- Admiral Dahlgren^ U. S. Namy. regaling the naval 
force for cooperatlo^i at Morris Iskmd. 

No. 3.] Flagship Wabash, 

Part Royal Harbor^ S. (7., July 6, 1863. 

Sir: Mr. Hughes, sent to superintend the alterations of the turret 
vessels, informs me that much of the material required for this pur- 
pose remains to be forwarded, and that delay in this respect will retard 
the work. May 1 ask, therefore, that you will pl^e direct that the 
material be forwarded at the earliest period. 

Mr. Hughes will resume work on tne turrets as soon as they return 
from Charleston. Meanwhile, as the men are on pay, I have directed 
him to put them on the Atlanta^ the repair of which should be expe- 
dited as much as possible, as she would prove very serviceable. 

When the arrangements for coverinff the operations of the army on 
Morris Island were nearly completed I leamea to my great regret that 
a pinion tooth of the Patapsco s turret gearing was broken and would 
very much interfere with its revolving. It will not be advisable, 
therefore, to take this vessel into action for the present, and I will 
leave her here for the security of this port, for I learn from good 
authority that the Atlanta had a companion, the Sanxmnah^ on the vmole 
of inferior size, but very nearly or eaual power, which was to have 
gone down with the Atlanta^ and would have been ready in a few days, 
when the arrival of the monitors induced the Atlanta to try it alone. 

This diflSculty, with the absence of the Passaic^ and the impossibility 
of withdrawing the Nantucket from Stono at the present state of the 
tide, will reduce the covering force at Morris Island to four ironclads. 
Very respectfully, your ob^ient servant, 

Jno. a. Dahlgben, 
Rea/r- Admiral^ Comdg. South Atluntio Blockading Squadnm. 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Seci'etary of the Naiyy^ Washington^ D. C. 



Letter from. Rear- Admiral Dahlgren.^ U, S. Nanyy^ to Brigadier- 6m^ 
eral Oillmore^ (L S, Ariny^ i^gardmg time of cooperative attack 
xipoii the defenses of Charleston and his readiness therefor. 

Flagship Wabash, 
Port Royal Harbor, S. Juli' 6, 1863. 
General: Your note* of to-day is just received. My own arrange- 
ments are also advancing, and I see no reason to suppose that they will 
not be completed for cooperation by the time appointed — Wednesday 
morning. 

I willcause enquiry to be made for such an officer as you need, and 
will be glad to see 3'^ou to-morrow. 

I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

J. A. Dahlgben, 

Rear- Admiral, Comdg. South AUantio Blockading Squadron. 

General Q. A. Gillmorr. 

Cmnmanding Depai vvient of South, Port Royals, S. C. 



* Not found. 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADEON. 31b 

Order of Rear-Adfiiiral Dahlgrm^ U. S. Navy^ to Captain Rmoan^ 
U. o. Na/mf^ regarding the towing of an ironclad to Charlestoii. 

Flagship Wabash, 
P(/rt Royal Hai^^r, July 6^ 1863. 
Sir: You will please send the Lodona at once to Port Royal to tow 
one of the ironclads to Charleston. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

J. A. Dahlgren, 
Rear-Admiral^ Comdg. South Atlantic Blockading Sqvxtdnm, 

Captain S. C. Rowan, 

Senior Officer^ U* S. S. New Ironsides^ off Charleston^ S. C 



Order of Rear- Admiral Dahlgreti^ U, S. Navy ^ to Commander Rodgers., 
U. S. Navy^ to proceed with the U. S. steamers Patapsco and CatskiU 
off Charleston^ S. C. 

Flagship Wabash, 
Port Rtryal Harbor, S. July 6, 1863. 
Sir: You will leave North Edisto with the CatskiU and Patapsco at 
such an hour on Tuesday, the 7th instant, as in your judgment the 
tide will best serve, and proceed off Charleston, arranging so as not 
to appear off the bar before dark. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

J. A. Dahlgren, 
Rear- Admiral^ Comdg. South Atlantic Blockading Squadron. 

Commander George W. Rodgers, 

Senior Officer^ North Edisto^ S. C. 



Order of Rear- Admiral Dahlgren.^ U. S. Navy ^ to Commander Rodgers.^ 
U. S. Navy ^ for the protection of army forces encamped on SeahrooKs 
Idand. 

Flagship Wabash, 
Pf/rt Royal Harhor, S. C, July 6, 1863. 
Sir: I have ordered the South Carolina to North Eklisto to remain 
during the absence of the ironclads for the purpose of covering the 
troops encamped on Seabrook's Island. 

You will please give Commander Spotts such infoniiation as your 
long experience in that locality will suggest. 

V ery respectfully, your obedient servant, 

J. A. Dahlgren, 
Rear-Admiral^ Coindg. South Atlantic Blockading Squadron. 

Commander George W. Rodgers, 

Senior Offcer Present^ North £di^to^ S. C. 



Ord'er of Rear-Admiral Dahlgren^ U. S. Navt/, to Captain Rmoan^ 
U. S. Navy,^ regarding precautions against firing at United States 
vessels arriving off Cnarleston. 

Flagship Wabash, 
Port Royal ITarhor. S. C July 6\ 1863. 
Sm: As the monitors, with their tows and other vessels, will be 
arriving off Charleston during the night of Tuesday, the 7th instant, 



314 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 

you will please take such precautions as may be necessary to prevent 
their being fired into by the blockading vessels. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

J. A. Dahlgren, 

RiKiT- Admiral^ Cmnd^j. Smith Atlantic Blockading Squadron. 

Captain S. C. Rowan, 

Cmndg, U. S. S. Neio Ironsides^ Senior Officer off Charleston. 



Chder of Rear- Admiral Dahlgren^ U. S. Navy^ to Acting Master Gttd- 
frey^ U. S. Navy^ regarding the placing oj huoys across Charleston 
Bar, 

Flagship Wabash, 
Port Royal Ha/rbor^ Jvly 6, 186 J. 
Sir: You will proceed in the Tonawanda off Charleston and report 
to Captain Rowan, senior officer present, for the purpose of buoying 
the channel across Charleston Bar. 

The buoys must be in position by daybreak on Wednesday, the 8th 
instant. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

J. A. Dahlgken, 

Rear- Admiral^ Comdg. Souih Atlantic Blockading Squadron. 

Acting Master J. W. Godfrey, 

Coast Pilot. 



Order of Ren r- Admiral Dahlgren^ U. S. Nmy. to Commander Rhind^ 
IT. S{ NaviK commanding the U. S. S. Paul Jones^ to proceed with 
dispatch off Cliarleston^ S. C. 

Flagship Wabash, 
Port Royal Harbor, Jvly 6, 1863. 
Sir: I send you the Stettin to relieve you temporarilj^ at St. Sinion^s. 
Please give Acting Master C. J. Van Alstine such instructions as you 
may think desirable for his guidance during your absence. 

^ou will then proceed in the Paxd Jones^ with all dispatch, off 
Charleston, S. C, and report to me there. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

J. A. Dahlgben, 
Rear- Admiral^ Comdg. South Atlantic BlockadAng Squadron. 

Commander Alexander C. Rhind, 

Commanding ZL S. S. Paul Jones., St. SinwrCs Sownd^ Ga. 



Ord<tr of Rear- Admiral Dahhjren^ U. S. Nanyy^ to Captain Roioan, 
U. S. Xary^ to se7id a force from the vessels off ChaHest4>t\ to Folly 
River. 

Flagship Wabash, 
Port Royal Ifarhor, S. C, July 7, JSSS. 
Sir: You will send in charge of Lieutenant Mackenzie, from the 
vessels off Charleston^ in tow of the tug Dauddioa^ «b eoffii^SsoX 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 315 

bcr of boats, manned, to carry, in addition to their crews, between 200 
and 250 men. 

They should leave Charleston Bar immediately after dark to-morrow 
night, and proceed with the greatest secrecy to Folly River and report 
at nesulquarters to the general commanding. 

I have instructed Lieutenant Mackenzie as to his duties after arriv- 
ing there. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

J. A. Dahlgren, 
Mear'Admiral^ Comdg, South Atlantic Blockading Sqxiad/ron. 

Captain S. C. Rowan, U. S. Navy, 

' Senior Officer Present^ off Charleston^ S. C. 



[Tele^m.] 

Navy Department, Jidy 7, 1S6S. 
Let the Seneca proceed to Port Royal under previous orders. 

Gideon Welles, 
Secretary of liFavy. 

Commodore C. JC. Strtbltng, 

Commandant Navy Yard^ Philadelphia, 



Order of Captain Boioan, U. S. Navy^ to Actina Master Curtis^ U. S. 
Navy, comm/inding U. S. S, Mernpriis^ to hlocfcade BuWs Bay^ South 
Carolina. 

U. S. S. New Ironsides, 

Off Charleston, July 7, 1863. 
Sir: Proceed to Bull's Bay and take up the best position to prevent 
the exit or entrance of blockade runners. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

S. C. Rowan, 

Captain, Commandiny off Churl'Cston, S. C 

Acting Master C. A. Curtis, 

Commanding S. S. Memphis, off Charleston, S. C 



Order of Captain Rowan, S, Naiyy, to Comvia^uler Shufeldt, U, S. 
Navy, regarding the French consul. 

U. S. S. New Ironsides, 

Off Charlestim, July 8, 1863. 
Dear Shufeldt: I hope the French consul will not trouble us until 
the admiral comes up here. -If he does come out, you must turn him 
back with your well-known diplomatic tact. 

If you think he ought to be permitted to come out, notwithstanding 
tlie admiral's order to me to "receive no flags of truce for the pres- 
ent," vou must inform me by signal, and I will give your opinion due 
consioeration. 

Should the French consul attempt to come out, yow \s'\\\^ \tv Wxivcv^ 
bim back, say that I shall be happy to make b\ij w\^ibe>i kivoN^w \.o ms^. 
K W » — VOL 14 21 



316 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOOKADIICO SQUADBON. 

adniii'al, who will douhtle.s^ order me to receive tlio flag of truce for 
liis sixM'hil 4-onvenience. The Dandelion will take j'our \y(MXt> in tow 
to-night. Man them lightly. Don't tire on her as flhe approaehe8 you. 
Very trulv, vours, 

S. C. RowAX. 

Cnptaht and Senior Officer off Charlt^t'ju. 

Cbmmandor R. W. Shl'feldt. 

CoNiinanding C. S. S, Conemaugh. 



LMrr from tlic Heeretanj of the Xary to Rear-AdmirttJ J>afjgren^ 
r. S, \ai*y. regarding tlm pnrcha^ of the chartered iftea^ier Augmta 
iJirtxmor*:, 

Xavv Department, July ,9, IStJJ. 
Sir: The steamer A»igmta lJinMniort\ chartered from Adams 
Expn^ss (Jommiiy for your sqiuulron, has been pureha.sed by the 
Department, therefore her charter ceases. The Department is to pay 
all expenses incurred since the commencement of the charter, lou 
are authorized to retain such of her officers as you may desire and 
to give them certain appointments, which will be confiiToed by the 
Dcj^artuK'nt upon the receipt of a list of the same from you. You can 
itssign engineers to her, the senior not to ])e higher rank than first 
assistant. You can also appoint to the command such officers as you 
may select. Such of the omcei's and crew as you do not wish to retain 
you will send to New York by the first convenient conveyance. 
Very respectfully, 

Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of the Savy. 

Kear-Admiml John A. Dahlgren, 

Onndij. South Atlantic Blockading Squmlnni^ Port Royal^ C. 



( >rderif Rear- Ad mi ral Dahlgren^ U. A'. Xamj^ to Commander ParhT. 
I J. S. Nary^ commanding U, S, aS. Wahamy to proceed to Chart^M- 
ton, S. C. 

Steamer Augusta Dinsmore, 
OffMorria Mrnd, S. (\, July 10, 1863. 
Immediately ui>on the receipt of this order you will proceed to 
Charleston with tlie, V , S. S. ]]ahaj<h under your coimuand and rejwrt 
to me or to the senior officer present. 

Very respectfully, your obedicivt servant, 

J. A. Dahuiren* 
Rmr-Admiral, Comdg, South Atlantic Blockading Sqiuidnm, 

Connnander Foxhall A. Parker, 

Commanding U, S. S. Waha^h^ Port Royal Harbor. 



Rrj}f/rt of Commander Parrott^ U. S. Navy, commanding U. S. S. 
Augusta^ oftlic arriral of that VfSHet at Philadelpllia. 

IT. S. S. Augusta, 
Navy Yard, Philadelphia, July 10^ 186S. 
Sir: liy direction of Rear- Admiral S. F. Du Pont, who came in this 
vessel as far as New Ckstle, Del., I have the honor to report the arrival 
here to-day of the U. S. S. Augusta, under my comnoiand. 



80UTH ATLAimO BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 31 7 

I havo reported to the coiuuiandaiit of this yard the repairs iieees- 
aary to thin vensel, which I think will not he extensive. 
I ani, respectfully, your ol^dient servant, 

E. (f. Parrott, 

Coiiuna)uii>r. 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of the jVavt/. WftM)Hffn)u /A C, 



Joint attack uixm Morris Mwtd and Fort ]Va<jnct\ South Carolina^ 

July 10 avd 11, 1863. 

General hutrnetioni of Bear-Admiral Dahlg^en, U. 8. Navy. 

Steamer Augusta Dinsmore, 

Off Charleston Bar, July 0, 1803. 

1st. On Thursday morning, 9th instant, as early as possible, before 
low water, the ironclads CaiakilJ., Montaul\ Nnhant^ and Wt t hairken 
will pass in over the bar, and up the main Ship Channel in the order 
named ahd the vessels will follow each other as may 1m» most con- 
venient to avoid fouling in case of stoppage. 

The vessels, when engaging, should take a very open order and (con- 
centrate their fii*es. 

2d. The tire of the enemy's batteries on Morris Island will disclose 
their position and force; as these l>ecome known, the turrets will open 
on them, endeavoring to silence them and at the same time to prevent 
the passage of troops from the upper to the lower end of the island. 

3a. The exact distance for the best effect of our guns must depend 
mainly on a suitable depth of water and the heights of the enemy's 
guns. 

4th. In no event must a monitor lie allow<Hl to touch bottom. The 
Coast Sur\'ey chart indicates the least suft* distance as 1 mile, but the 
chief pilot thinks we can go much nearer with the monitors' dnift 
when halfway up the island, but not otherwise; <>(H) to 1,(K)(J yards 
might be prefenible, Imt must l>e decided on at the time. 

5th. 'Th^Weehawh^n^ Nalurnt^wwA JA>/i^</^/X", having Ijeen under some 
repair, should not choose the least disbuice nor the heaviest batteries. 

6th. Shell, shrapnel, and grape are to be used; the last two in great- 
est quantities. The time of the fuzes is to ])e carefully lcK)k<»d at and 
their openitions observed. Uncovered men or oj)en works being the 
objects of fire, I attach much imjwrtance to the judicious use of gnipe 
fired with the highest charges and much greater elevation than usual. 
With 10 degrees elevation and 20 pounds powder, grape of 100 pounds 
from the Xl-inch has a mean mnge of three-fourths of a mile, spread- 
ing some hundreds of yards, less or more; its use in this instimce 
depends on such re^sults as can be noted under fire. It may occur some- 
times that shells rolled ^vith low charges may land very well, say 20 
pounds of ixjwder for the XV-inch and 10 pounds for the Xl-inch. 

7th. It is strictly prohibited to waste the lire by bad practice. The 
aim must be deliberate and well considered, and whenever one vessel 
observes ineffective fire by another, the latter is to be notified l)y the 
former. 

8th. Whenever a vessel becomes disabled, signal will be nmde 
thereof, and she will retire from action. 



318 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADINGh SQUADRON. 



9th. Should it happen that any of the turret vessels be in danger of 
sinking, she is to run outside the bar, if po.9sible, into deep water, her 
men being removed in time. 

10th. Ihe wooden steamers will be assembled outside the bar, near 
the entrance buoy in readiness to enter. Captain Rowan, of the Iron- 
sides^ will observe the course of the action, and if he thinks the fire 
not too heavy for them, will direct them to cross the bar and engage. 
It may be possible for the gunboats to sustain fire at 3,000 yards; if t$o, 
they can use shells as per enclosed memorandum even to 3,200 yards, 
which will place them on the farther edge of the channel. In such 
practice burst the shells well above the objects. 

In case our troops establish themselves on the lower end of the 
island, the wooden vessels will lie abreast of them and sweep the « 
ground between them and Fort Wagner. These vessels must not, 
however, be exposed to any great fire, as they can not be spared from 
the blockade. Circumstances must determine further proceedings in 
this direction. 

11th. With a view to divide the enemy's attention from the attack 
on Morris Island, a body of troops is to ascend the Stono; these will 
be covered by the Pawnee and the turret Nantucket,^ under Captain 
Balch, who will also send the McDonoxigh up Folly River for the same 
purpose, unless otherwise notified, in which case the McDotumgh will 
accompany him up the Stono. General Gillmore will inform him 
more particularly on this subject. 

12th. The commander of the McDorumgh must bear in mind, if 
ordered to nscend Folly River, that his move is but a feint, and he 
must not pennit himself to be drawn beyond this purpose by inferior 
considerations. He is to amuse and occupy the attention of the enemy, 
and not permit himself to be diverted from this purpose. Captain 
Balch will give instructions to the McDonough in regara to her move- 
ments, being careful that she does not become entangled, and has 
timely notice to withdraw. 

13th. Captain Balch will necessarily be guided by the movements of 
the troops which he is to convoy. He is recommended to use grape or 
canister very freely. The turret guns at greatest elevation may serve 
for 800 or 1,000 yards. The Pamnee at 10 degrees for 1,300 yards. 

14th. The Patapaco^ being crippled in the revolving of the turret by 
the fracture of a tooth in the pinion, will remain at Port Royal in 
observation of another ironclad (Sdvarmah)^ said to be ready for serv- 
ice at Savannah. 

15th. The commanders of the wooden vessels must take every pre- 
caution to secure their boilers and steam drums from the effect of the 
enemy's fire. 

Jno. a. Dahlgren, 

Rear- Admiral^ Comd<j, South Atlcmtio Blochading SquadATon. 

P. S. — Attack postponed twenty-four hours at request of General 
Gillmore. 

Memorandum accompan}fing circular 

XI -inch j?iin: 

Range 

Elevati<ni 

Charge 

KhdJ 

Time of flight 



... yards.. 3^240 
.degree!.. 18 
.poondt.. 15 
....te \m 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 319 

The IX-inch shell with 10 pounds of iK)wder will not be niatorially 
ies8. 

In special cases the Xl-inch may be tired with 20 pounds or even 
25 pounds, shell. 

The IX -inch, with 12 to 12i pounds powder, shell. These are 
extreme charges. 



Ordar of Bmut* Admiral Dahlgren, U. 8. Navy, to Commander Beaumont, oommanding 

U. 8. 8. Nantnoket. 

U. S. Fl^GSHIP Catskill, 
Off Morris hUnd, July 10, 1803, 
Sm: So soon as the tides will serve, you will cross the Stono Bar 
with the N<mtucket and report to me, or to the senior naval officer off 
Charleston. 

Respectfully, your obedient servant, 

J. A. Dahlgren, 
Rear-Admiral^ Comdg. South Atlantic BlfH-kadmg Squadron. 

Commander J. C. Beaumont, 

U. S. Irondad Nantucket^ Storu) hdet^ South Carolina, 



Ltttor from Boar-Admiral Dahlgron, IT. 8. Navy, to Brigadier-General OUlmore, U. 8. Army, 
regard^ a delayed mesi age of the latter. 

Flag-Steamer Dinsmore, Jidy ll^ 1863. 

Sib: I have just received your note of this morning, and have 
already sent my flag lieutenant to say to you that it was 6 oVlock this 
momine when 1 heard of your movement. In fact, I have not j'ct 
reeeivea your message, for what I heard w^as but a report, which will 
inform you why the monitors are not in. I will be obliged if you will 
order your messenger alwavs to deliver his mess>age to me. Any vessel 
of my command will give facilities for that purpose. 

An effort will be made to check the movement of the reinforce- 
ments. I will also order up all our marines, and incre^ise them by 
sailors. 

Very respectfully, 3'our obedient servant, 

John A. Dahlgren, 

Rear'Adm^ral. 

Brigadier-General Gillmore, 

Commanding. 



Detailed report of operation! from Bear-Admiral Dahlgren, U. 8. Navy. 

No. 7.] Steamer Augusta Dinsmore, 

OffMoMn Maud. July 12, 1803. 

Sib: I have already informed you that an agreement existed between 
General Gillmore and myself to dispossess the enemy of Morris Island. 

The first measure was taken on I< riday, the 10th, when, conformably 
to said wreement, Greneral Gillmore was to open his batteries ou the 
north end at FcUj Island against tbe opposite batW\e^ oi ^xi^swvj 



320 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



placed on Morris Island and occupying the sandy eminences that form 
the southern portion of that island for about a mile north of Li^ht- 
House Inlet. 

At 4 a. ni. the four ironclads, Catsk/U, Commander Geoi-ge W. 
Kodgers; Mojdaul, ConmmnderD, McN. Fairfax; iVa^^iw/, Commander 
John Downos, and Wee/iawl'en^ Commander E. R. Colhoun, passed the 
bar, mv flag leading in the Caisl'il/, About this time General Gillmore 
opened his guns with a rapid and well-sustained tire on the enemy. As 
soon as sufficiently near, the ironclads began to tire with shell upon the 
enemy's batteries which were replying to General Gillmore, and dis- 
pei'sed their men wherever seen to assemble. About 8 o'clwk, being 
nearly abreast of the northern end of the ridge of sand hills, the bat- 
teries of General Gillmore ceased, and our troops were seen making 
their way upon Morris Island. They advanced rapidly and in some 
force along the l)each. 

The ironclads now moved parallel to the low, flat ground that extends 
northward from the sand hills toward Fort Wagner, and as near to it 
as the depth of water permitted, rolling shells in every direction over 
its surface to clear away any bodies of troops that might be gathered 
there. Our troops pushed on, and about this time some two or three 
buildings stimding apart from each other were seen to be in flames, 
supposed to be the work of the enemy to unmask the guns of Fort 
Wagner looking down the beach. 

The ironclads were now laid a])reast of Fort Wagner. This is an 
open sand work about 2i miles from the southern end of Morris Island, 
lying about li nnles noith of the sand hills and commanding the low, 
int(Tvening level. The number of cannon mounted I am unable to 
state precisely — there may be ten or a dozen in all, looking seaward 
and landward. 

It was about half past 1) o'clock when the first shot was fired at this 
work. My wish was to close to short grape ranffe, but the chief pilot 
could not plme the vessels nearer than 1,200 yards. Our fire was met 
promptly and vigorously until noon, when the monitors dropped down 
m orcier to allow the men an opportunity for dinner, after which our 

rxsition was reoccupied, and tiie attack continued till 6 p. m., when 
signaled the action to cease, for the men hjid now been at hard work 
for fourteen hours and the w(»ather excessively hot. 

The four ironclads fired 534 shell and shrapnel during the entire 
day, and so far jis I could discern from the Vat^Jcill^ and learn from 
others who had a better view from a distance, the practice was excel- 
lent. I was most favoniblv impressed with the endurance of these 
ironclads, and I had a good opiK)rtunity of judging, as the CatifJcill 
(according to report of Commander Kodgers, herewith enclosed) was 
struck sixty tinu^s, a large jKircentage of the hits being very severe. 
The pilot Kouse, turret, side armor, and decks were all more or less 
damaged; some of the shot were large; one found on deck, whei'e it 
fell after striking the turret, proved to be a X-inch. When these heavy 
shot struck, the concussion wits very great, an officer (Acting Master 
Simmons) touching the turret at such a time, wjus knocked down sense- 
less and much injured. Th(» iron of the pilot house was broken 
through entirely, and a nut from one of the l)olts driven against the 
lining so as to l)reak it through; the deck plates are also cut through 
in nniny places, so as to make the entmnce of water troublesome. 
'J'he test wiis most sevcM'c, as anyone \v\\\ wduVvt vj\\o m\V \ook ©.t the 
reufse/; yet after tiring 12S rounds, s\\e cvuw^ out ol ^ikXaotv \\i v;^yA 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



321 



working order, as was proven by her going into action next day. The 
enemv neemed to have made a mark of the CaM ill, The Nahant 
was 6it six times, the Montauk twice, and the Werhairlen escaped 
untouched. 

The next morning I received a note in pencil from General (xillmore, 
stating that he had made an assault at early daybreak on Fort Wagner, 
and had been repulsed. He learned that reinforcements were expected 
at 10 a. m., and asked for some action to prevent it. The four moni- 
tors were again moved to position near Fort Wagner and scoured the 
ground in that vicinity. 

The acquisition of to-day may not convey an impression of impor- 
tance, and yet the foothold on Morris Island nmst lead to the fall of 
Sumter, and the possession of the main Ship Channel cuts off the host 
of the three entrances, and, by that much, lessens the chances of 
passing the blockade. 

It is proper for me to add that my staff and the commanding and 
other officers and crews of the ironclads did their duty handsomely. 

I have not vet heard from Conmiander Balch, who wiis directed to 
proceed up the Stono in convoy of a column of troops, but believe 
that all went right. Lieutenant ^Mackenzie, of the Wahmh ^ had charge 
of the boats that landed an assaulting column on Morris Island, and 
did it well. The Wabash is now here, and I shall endeavor to organize 
one or two battalions of marines and sailors for future oi)enitions. 

May 1 ask to have the J^maic sent down, and a new pinion expe- 
dited for the Pamaic^ which is almost useless without it. The tugs, 
«nch as Pusey^ are exceedingh- convenient for communication, and I 
would request three or four more of that class. 

It would be advisable that (xenenil Gillmore, under whose directions 
the land operations have been so ably conducted, should be strength- 
ened, for the eneiny will make efforts to repossess himself of Morris 
Island. General (jillmore has been with me this morning, and we 
shall soon complete arrangements for pushing on. He does not con- 
sider it well to make another assault. 

I forward (marked enclosure No. 1) a copy of my Genei-al Order, No. 
1, issued this morning. 

The Department will please make some allowance for the hasty 
character of this communication, as I only* took (command on Monday, 
was in action Friday and Saturday, and came here from the North so 
hastily that I have neither secretary nor experienced clerks. 

I have the honor to be, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

Jnc' a. Daiilguen, 
Rear- Admiral^ Canidg, South Atl<i7itic Blockading Sqtuvlroy}. 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of the JViivt/. 

[Enclosure.] 

General Order, { 

No. 1. 1 July, 12, ISrta. 

My thanks are due to Commander George W. Rodgers, of tlu? ( )/tf<- 
kill. Commander I). McN. Fairfax, of the 3ffmta fd\ Conummdcv f]ohn 
Downes, of the JVa/umt^ and Commander K. R. Colhoun, of the Wee- 
hawken^ to the executive and other office i-s, and to the crews of the.se 
ironclads, and the meml>ers of my personal staff — Fleet Captain Wil- 
liam Sogers Tnylor, Fia^^-Lieutenant S. Vve^low, ^wdi >L\\^vgcv 



322 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING 8QUADE0N. 

La Rue P. Adams (signal officer) — for the zealous and efficient manner 
in which they performed their duty during the attacks of the 10th 
and 11th instant upon Fort Wagner and other fortifications on Morris 
Island. I have also to thank the ordnance officer, Lieutenant-Com- 
mander O. C. Badger, for his systematic promptness in supplying the 
ironclads with all requisite ordnance stores. 

Jno. a. Dahlgren, 
Rear- Admiral^ Comdg, South Atlantic Blockading Squadron^ 



Report of Commander Bodgers, U. 8. Havy, commanding U. 8. 8. CatskilL 

U. S. Ironclad Catskill, 
Inside Charleston Bar^ July 10^ 1863. 
Sir: I have the honor to report to you that upon your coming on 
board this ship at 4 this a. m. I hoisted 3'our flag forward and stood 
over the bar, crossing it at 5 o'clock, at which time our batteries on 
north end of Folly Island opened upon the enemy upon the south end 
of Morris Island. We steamed up within range of the batteries upon 
the south and middle of the island, and opened fire upon them at atout 
6 o'clock. About 9 our troops crossea over and skirmished up the 
island. We got underway, and standing to the northward along the 
island, shelledthe batteries in advance of the troops. About 10 arrived 
opj)osite and engaged Fort Wagner, at 1 haulea off to give the men 
their dinner, at 2:80 renewed the engagement, and at 6 hauled off and 

Eroceeded out of range to an anchorage inside the bar and near the 
uoys. During the action Acting Master J. W. Sinmions was stunned 
and severely bruised b}^ the concussion of a shot upon the outside of 
the turret. First-Class Boy James Meehan was wounded in tiie foot 
by a fragment of shell which entered the port. Second Assistant Engi- 
neer Crolius and Third Assistant [Robert] Clark were prostrated by 
the intense heat in the engine room, as were several of the firemen and 
crew. Ensign L. P. Adams, signal officer upon vour staff, took Mr. 
Simmons's duties in the turret and rendered excellent service. 

I enclose herewith a requisition for ordnance stores and ammunition, 
a request for an assistant engineer to be temporarily detailed for this 
ship, and for some firemen to take the place of those broken down. I 
have fired 67 XV-inch shells and 72 of Xl-inch at the batteries and 
Fort Wagner. The vessel was struck 60 times, as follows: Hull, 16 
times; turret, 17; pilot house, 3; smokestack, 7; deck, 17; there are 
other marks upon the hull under water which could not be counted. 
Some of the cliects of the shot are of a serious character; the deck has 
been entirely broken through in four places, two of these sufficiently 
largo to admit lar^e c}uantities of water, requiring shot plugs; the 
pilot house was twice struck, nctirly in the same plac«, by shot from 
a X-inch columbiad, which broke off the nuts upon the bolts and 
forced one of them through the half-inch lining of the pilot house. 
The hull was struck upon the \yovi quarter, completely shattering all 
the plates; one X-inch shell landed upon the deck after striking the 
turret, without fracture. 

I have left 20 shell and shrapnel for XV-inch gun and one Xl-inch 
shrapnel. The smoke box for the XV-inch gun when we ceased firing 
at noon was much damaged, three out of five of the Uolta securiu^ it 
to the turret having broken off; one oi t\\e bo\V» ae«.\m\i^V>\^%^^^ 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADBON. 323 



crosspiece undm' the turret was broken off. The whole fire of the fort 
was airected at this ship, and being at anchor at about 1,200 yards 
durine the forenoon, we were very severely handled, their ^ inch 
smoothbore doing us the most harm, the ritfes generally glancing or 
striking sideways. 
This report is very hastily written after a hard day's work. 
I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

G. W. RODGERS, 

CiyraTnander, 

Bear- Admiral J. A. Dahloben, 

Camvianding South Atla?itic Blockading Sqmdron. 



Additional report of Conmuuider Bodgers, V. 8. Navy, commanding U. 8. 8. CatskiU. 

U. S. Ironclad Catskill, 
Lmde Charleston Ba)\ July 11^ 1863. 
Sib: I have the honor to report to you that at 9 o'clock, in obedience 
to your order, immediately after your coming on board, 1 got under- 
way and steamed up toward Fort Wagner, commenced firing upon the 
neck of land between the fort and Cumminjg's Point, and continued so 
to do in order to prevent reinforcements anaammunition from reaching 
the fort. 

I found the fire of Fort Wagner much slackened from, and the aim 
not so good as, that of j'esterday, principally from three rifle guns, the 
X-inch firing at us but two or three times.' At 12: 16 hauled off, pro- 
ceeded out of range, and anchored. 1 fired 10 XV-inch shell, 1 XV- 
inch shrapnel, and 15 Xl-inch shell; the vessel was struck 8 times, as 
follows: Turret, 3 times; smokestack, 1; hull, 4; one shot from the 
X inch struck us on the bow, near the apex of the angle, opening the 
joint 2 or 3 inches and loosening the plates. 

1 enclose herewith the surgeon's report. Two engineers have been 
sent away exhausted, leaving but three; the presence of the senior 
engineer, Mr. Emmons^ is necessary at all the engines, leaving but 
two for duty in the fire room. 1 have ordered First-Class Fireman 
Frank Marsh, who, notwithstanding previous sickness, has kept up to 
his work with cheerfulness and alacTity, to duty as an assistant engi- 
neer; he has served his time as a machinist, has served as an engineer 
in the merchant service, is an excellent man, and is recommended by 
the senior engineer. I would respectfully ask his appointment as 
third assistant engineer. 

I am, very respectfully, j^our obedient servant, 

G. W. Kodoers, 

Commander, 

Rear-Admiral J. A. Dahlgren, 

Commanding South Atlantic Blockading S(juadro7i. 



Beport of oasaaltieB on the U. 8. 8. CatskUl. 

U. S. Ironclad Catskill, 
Off Mollis Ma7id^ South Carolina^ July 10, 1863. 
Sib: I respectfull}'^ report the following casualties, which occvxvred 
on hoard this vessel daring the engagement this day N\\t\v l\i^\itL\X.^\\^^ 
on Mom's Island: 



324 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



John W. Simmons, acting master, concussion of brain, caused by 
a shot striking the turret. 

Sebastian Crolius, acting second assistant engineer, exhaustion from 
heat of fire room. 

Robert Clark, acting third assistant engineer, exhaustion from heat 
of fire room. 

William P. Shandon, carpenters mate, concussion of brain and rup- 
ture of tympanum while repairing a shot hole in the deck; also exhaus- 
tion from heat of fire room while repairinjr a shot hole over the engines. 

Robert Potter, officer's steward, contusion of knee by falling through 
a hatchway into shell room. 

Michael Mooney, second-class fireman, exhaustion from heat of fire 
room. 

Owen McArdell, coal heaver, exhaustion from heat of fire room. 
James Meehan, boy, wound and contusion of left foot from a frag- 
ment of shell which entered the Xl-inch porthole. 
I am, very respectfully, j'our obedient servant, 

Saml. W. Abbott, 
AssUtmit Surgeon, 

Commander Geo. W. Rodgers, 

Comdg. U. S. Inmdad CainkilU off Mcn^rk Idaiid, 



Report of Lieatenant-Commander CiiBhman, U. 8. Havy, commanding IT. 8. 8. Montank, 
regarding the fire of that voBBel. 

U. S. S. Montauk, July 10, 1863. 
Sir: I have to report concerning the opei*ations of the day that this 
vessel hits fired — 



XV-inch 8holl 57 

XV-iiu'h phrapnel 4 

61 

Xl-inch fiholl ~100 

XI-in<'h Hhrapnel 6 

106 

XV-inch charpes, 35 pounds 61 

Xl-inch charges, 15 jKjunds 106 

and she has remaining — 

XV-inch shell 41 

XV-inch Hhrapnel 21 

X V-inch chargOH 81 

Xl-inch Hhell (lillwl) 9 

X I-in<h shrapnel 19 

Xl-inch chaixen, 15 iK^inils 10 

Xl-inch charges, 20 iKmnds 35 



She has ])een but twice hit sovereh% damaged not materially, and her 
smoke box is in good condition. 
Respectfully, 

C. II. Cl'Siiman, 
LkuUnmx t' dnn tuander. 

C!onunander D. M. Faiufax. 



Report of Conunandar Downei, V. S, Navy, oommanding U. B, S. Nohaiit, regarding the 

flre of that Teasel, 

S. Ironclad Nahant, 
Of Charlmtmi, July 10, ISGS. 
Str: In obedience to your order I have the honor to report for this 
vt>f^sel ill the eagagenient with the batteries and Fort Warner to-day 
as foUuws; 

Ut. Number of XV-inch shell fired, 47; nunil>er of XV-inch shrap- 
nel tired, 

2d, Kuniiier of Xl-iueh shell tired, 41; number of XI-Lrieh shnipnel 
fired, 0. 

:^d. Number of hits received, 6, 3 on turret, 2 on smoke^staek, 
and I on side arniur* 

4th. The number of rounds iM?mainin^^ on Ijoard, of XV-inch j^hel!^ 
IB 49; of XMnch shell, is lOL 

[John Downes, JrJ 

[Bear'Admiml Jno, A. Dahloren,] 



Beport of Commander Golkonn, IF. 8. Navy, commanding U. 8. 8, Weehawken, regarding 

tlie ti« of that veti«L 

U. Ironclad Steamer Weehawken, July 10, 18€3. 
Sih: This vessel fired at the batteries and Fort Wagner during the 
forenoon, H6 Xl-incb shell; 25 XV-Iueh shell. Afternoon^ 47 XL-inch 
shell; 23 XV-inch sht>ll; 2 cannl shot. Total, Vm, 
Number of rounds on hand, Xl-inch, 67; XV-ineh, ItH), 
We were not struck, 
The HUioke box is in t?ood condition* 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

Edmd. 1L Colhoon, 

Commmider. 

Bear-Adudral Jno. A. Dahtxsren, 

Cmmnmidmg South Atluniie Bltichtding Squadrmu 



Extract from diary of Bear- Admiral Dahlgren, U. 8. Wavy. 

July 9, 186S*—Th9. sky looked so hlack yesterday that n storm might 
have come up, l>tit it did not. Before day the nionitors were reported, 
and 5 o'clock (the hour of starting) had arrivct), when an aid*d6'Camp 
came from (ieneml Gilliuore asking for the postponement; one of the 
columns for l)nats was not ready. Round about is the blockading force^ 
strung rathtT sparsely; at anchor, too, which is not a good plan, 

July 10* - 'Warm and oppresdve. At 4 o\d(jck, being not quite light, 
I w«*nt oTi board the i 'at^ihlU, hoiste<l my fla^, and led iri over the 
bar, followed by the Nakant, Mfmhud\ and Mee/umketK About 5: 10 
our batteries began from Folly Island and maintained an incessant fire 
from forty guns upon Morris Island, the shells crackitjg in tjuantities 
in the air, heavy banks of smoke encircling the view there. The Con* 
fedemtc Imttcries did not reply for ten minutes, and at the same 
moment the CatskiU passed the outer buoy, about 5: 15 a. ni, taiivuv^ 



326 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



the inner buoy, which took us clear of the bar. At 6 passed the wreck 
of the Keohuk and anchored ten minutes af terwaixis. 

At t):15 the first shell was fired from the CatskiU^ and the other 
monitors followed, our fire being directed at the batteries and men on 
the sandy eminences who were replying to General Gillmore. This 
dislodged them, and their men could be seen running up the beach, 
many shells from our batteries going over the enemy. 

About 8 o'clock the Folly Island batteries ceased, the rattle of mus- 
ketry was heard, and soon after our men c^me in sight on Morris 
Island, the enemy having given way and were seen abandoning their 
batteries. 

The south end of Morris Island is made up of sandy eminences for a 
mile, and on these was the defense. 

Our men still coming on, increased to two regiments and moved in 
column along the lower beach, the ironclads shelling the ground aJiead 
of them. 

It was nearly 9 o'clock when they attained the north extreme of the 
sand hills and came to the flat ground which constitutes the remainder 
of the island. 

I then pushed on to come up with Fort Wagner. 

The water being shoal, the pilot could not go nearer than 1,200 yards. 
About 9: 30 fireathe first shot, followed by the other three monitors. 
The fort replied and the whole scene became animated, the troops 
moving up the beach, some detached buildings in flames (done pur- 
poselv by the Confederates), and the cannonading between the fort 
and the ironclads, Fort Sumter sending a shot at times. 

The first three shot from Wagner hit the Cat^kiU hard, and it was 
soon apparent that my flag was to have the most attention. 

At noon hauled out of hre to ^ive the men dinner, and about 2 went 
back to resume work. Meanwhile the body of our troops halted about 
half a mile from Wagner. 

At 6 p. m. ceased and steamed the ironclads down the channel, for 
the men were now weary and well-nigh exhausted. No one can form 
an idea of the atmosphere of these vessels. 

The C-atahiU was hit sixty times, and her armor very much hurt; tur- 
ret, pilot house, deck, smokestack hit in many places. The sides of the 
pilot house bulged through, and I just escaped the end of a bolt that 
was dislodged. The Nahant had six hits, the Moiitavk two, Weehaw- 
keii none. 

The CatshilTs ensign staff was shot away and my flag cut by a 
fragment of shell. 

July 11, — Was told about 6 that Gillmore tried Wagner by assault 
at daybreak, but was repulsed with loss. About 9 had a note from 
him % an aid^ in which he stated this, and asked that the ironclads 
should go up and sweep the ground above Wagner, as he supposed 
it might be reinforced. 

Went up in the CaUkUl with the other three and peppered away at 
Wagner. Saw no troops and came down about noon. This after- 
noon the Wabmli and jy<ni tucket appeared ac(*.ording to orders which 
1 had sent The one anchored outside; the Nantudcet came in. 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



327 



Baport of Liratniaiit ]Ea«keiiiie, U. 8. Havy, regarding operationa conneoted with boat 

expedition into Folly River 

U. S. S. Wabash, 
Off Charleston, July 12, 1863. 

Sir: In obedience to orders from Rear- Admiral Dahl^ren, dated 
July 7, 1863, 1 that day reported to Captain Rowan, senior officer 
present ofl Charleston, for tne purpose of taking charge of the boats 
ordered to be sent to Folly River on the night of the 8th instant from 
the vessel off that port. 

I left Charleston Bar at midnight of the 8th instant in the tug 
Danddion^YTiih the boats in tow as follows: 

New Ironsides, two, in charge of Lieutenant H. B. Robeson; Acting 
Master's Mate S. S. Hand. 

Pmchutan^ four, in charge of Lieutenant A. R. McNair; Acting 
Ensign C. P. Walters; Acting Master's Mate C. H. Rowland; Sailniaker 
W. S. Brayton. 

Oanandaigtiaj two, in charge of Lieutenant H. De H. Manley; Act- 
inffMaster's Mate A. F. Eldridge. 

Jiawatonicj two, in charge of Acting Master J. W. Congdon; 
Acting Master's Mate B. F. Jacobs. 

ConemaxMh^ two, in charge of Acting Master »I. L. Lee; Acting 
Master J. H. Wainwright. 

A boat from the Fl<ig, in charge of Acting Master George W. Frost, 
had been sent in the evening before from that vessel. It blew fresh 
durine the night from the southward and westward, and there was a 
considerable sea on. After many delays, owing to boats breaking 
adrift, we arrived off Stono at about 2:30 a. m. of the 9th. We then 
cast off from the Dandelion, but failed in finding the buoys, owinff to 
a heavy rain squall, in which we lost our bearings. A little before day- 
light, finding ourselves near the Ca)iandaigua, and so far from the 
Stono Bar that there was no possibilit^r of reaching it before daylight, 
we went alongside of the Canandaigxui, and while there received 
orders that the expedition would be put off until the night of the 9th. 

The New Ironside^ fourth cutter I bad sent earlier toward Stono 
Bar to endeavor to find the Dandelim. This boat, after finding the 
Dandelion, and giving* her her orders, went into the Folly River at 
daylight, as did also the four boats from the Wahash, in charge of 
Ensimi James Wallace and Acting Master's Mate Louis Bonn, which 
had been towed up from Port Royal on the afternoon of the 8th. 

On the 9th, at 9 p. m., I again left Charleston Bar in the Dandelum 
with the same boats in tow, excepting the New Ironsides^ fourth cut- 
ter, referred to above. Arrived off Stono Bar at half past 10, was then 
taken in tow by the tug Pettit, and after a delay of al)out an hour, 
while the buoys were bemg lighted, crossed the bar. While crossing, 
the Coiiemaugh?s third cutter sheered into the breakers and was cap- 
sized; fortunatelv everj-one was saved. 

At midnight ol the 9th I reported to Brigadier-General (xillmore at 
his headquarters in Folly River, and by his order embarked four com- 
panies (A, D, F, and C), of the Forty -eighth New York Volunteers, in 
command of Lieutenant-Colonel Green of that regiment, and pulled 
up the Folly River to the rendezvous at the head of Light-IIouse Inlet, 
where we arrived at 4:30 a. m, on the 10th. 1 there M\ \\\ \^\\i)Ci>Jci^ 
boats of my command that had got across the V>aT tYie o.\<ixv\tv^\i^i«v^, 
/ was there informed by Lieutenant-Commander ¥ . ^1. ^iuTLCOi^ 



328 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



Paiim^e, that ho had been ordered bj' Rear-Admiral Dahlj^ren to take 
charge of all th(* naval howitzers in the exi)edition. I therefore directed 
Ensign Wallace to rei>ort to Lieutenant-Commander Bunce with the 
first launch and first cutt(*r of this vessel (both of which boats had 
howitzers). The Netr IronHideH fourth cutter and the boat from the 
Flag were assigned as gigs to Brigadier-Geneml Strong and his staff; 
the WabaslCb second launch and second cutter had on board paiiis of 
the Seventy -sixth Pennsylvania and Ninth Maine, respectively. 

At 6:30 a. ni. all the boat^* from the stiuadron, together with those 
belonging to the Army, moved into Light-House Inlet. Here our boats 
were exposed for about an hour to a moderate tire from the enemy's 
batteries on the southern end of Morris Island. Fortunately only one 
of our boats, the Pow.Jmtan'^ h first cutter, was struck, a small piece of 
shell, which exploded over her, striking a soldier, and another small 
piece striking her gunwale. At al>out 0:45 a. m. the order was given 
to land the brigade. The troops in the boats from the squadron were 
very promptly placied on Morris Island Beach. Our boatij then took 
army boats in tow and aided in crossing the I'e^erves from the Folly 
Island Beach to Morris Island. 

At meridian, by order of General Gillmore, pulled down to the 
anchorage at the mouth of Folly River, and leaving the Waha^Ks iKMtts 
there, proceeded with the rest of the l)oats, in tow of the PettU^ to the 
squadron off Charleston. 

On the 11th instant, the ^Yahaf^KH Inwits were towed by the O. M. 
Pettit to Port Royal. While exiK)sed to fire from the enemy's batte- 
ries, and during the arduous duties of the expedition, the conduct of 
both oflScers and men is worthy of all praise. I would especially call 
through you the attention of the admiral to the fact that the first Amer- 
ican flag was planted on Morris Island by Lieutenant H. B. Robeson, 
of the New Irotuvdea^ who, carrying Brigadier-General Strong in his 
boat, landed with him. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

A. S. Mackenzie, 
LieKtenant, U, S. Natn/. 

0)mmander Foxhall A. Parker, 

Cotikiiaindimj U, S. S. Walxi^h. 



Report of LieatexLant-Commander Bonce, U. 8. Navy, regarding a reoonnoiasanee in 

CharloBton Harbor. 

U. S. S. New Ironsides, July 11, 1S63, 
Sir: I have the honor to report that on the night of the 10th I pro- 
ceeded up the harbor, reiK)rting at the CatskilL While waiting for 
the rest of the boats, an alarm wius given and I sent all boats after a 
floating object, which proved to be two heavy piles jtronnected by ci'oss 
pieces. This was towed down and given in charge of Jmmide^ boat. 
Pulling up the harbor I failed in getting any further information. 
Verj- respectfully, your obedient servant, 

F. M. Bunoe, 

Lieutenant- Commander. 

}iear'Adm\m\ John A. Daiilgren, 

Oofnmandiny Simth Atlanim BUH^kading Sqiwidrou, 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



329 



Btport of Bftar-Admiral Dahlgren, V. 8. Navy, tranBmitting report of Lieatenant-Com- 

mander Banoe, U. 8. Navy. 

No. 66.] Fi^(;-Steamku Phiiju)elphia, 

Port Boyal Harhor, S. T., Fehruary 17, 186^. 
Sir: The enclosed document has been mislaid, and now forwarded 
in justice to Lieutenant-Commander Bunco. I also request that in 
my communication to the Department, dated January 2H, 1864, the 
name of Lieutenant-Commander Bunce may be inserted at page 9, on 
the third line, between the words '"under" and "'Lieutenant Mac- 
kenzie^ so as to read, * * * '-squadron under Lieutenant-Com- 
mander Bunce and Lieutenant Mackenzie."' 

I have the honor to be, verj- respectfully, your obedient servant, 

J. A. Dahlgren, 
Rear'Ad/ttiiml, Comdg. South Atlantic Blockading Squadi'oyi. 
Hon. Gideon Weixes, 

Secretary of tliii Navy, WaMngton, I). C. 



■•port of Liontenmnt-Commander Banoe, U. 8. Navy, oommanding expedition to FoUy 

Biver. 

U. S. S. Pawnee, 
ASto7io River, July 1863. 

Sib: In obedience to your order I, on the 9th instant at 2 p. m., 
started from this vessel for the purpose of cooperating with the Army 
in an attack on Morris Island. Under my conunand were the launch 
of this vessel, anued with one rifled and one smoothbore Dahlgren 
howitzer, Acting Master's Mate Bache; two launches of the Wam^h, 
each with a smoothbore 12-pounder Dahlgren howitzer, Ensign James 
Wallace and Acting Master s Mate I^un; one army lighter, fitted up 
and armed with two 24-pounder Dahlgren smooth])ore howitzers, 
furnished by the Chm/iHfd/^re J{cI)onou</n, Avt\ug Ensign Knapp; two 
unarmed cutters of the WalMfs/t, one of the i\v/r IronHfdef<^ and one of 
the Flag, Lieutenant Robertson and Acting Master Frost. I pro- 
ceeded up Holly River and reported to Genenil (iillmore and by his 
order to General Strong, Lieutenant Mackenzie, in charge of trans- 
portation, not having arrived. I gave all the assistance in my p)wer 
to General Strong, and by 1 a. m. of the lOth instant his brigade wjis 
in boats ready to proceed Uy Light-House Inlet. 

Forming the boats in line ahesul. Acting Ensign Knapp taking the 
lead, being well acquainted with the intricate channel, we proceeded 
up the creeks, and bv daybreak were with the whok* brigade at or 
near the junction of t6e creeks with Light-House Inlet. 

Ju.st after dajiight the l^atteries on Folly Island opc^ned upon the 
enemy. Getting the armed launches in line abieast, 1 pulled into 
Light-House Inlet and at a distance of 1,800 yards opened tire \\\k)\\ 
the Morris Island batteries with the rifled howitzer. Pulling down 
the inlet, slowlj'^ firing till we got within good distance of the batteries, 
I opened with all the howitzers, using 4:-second shnipnel. The enemy 
returned the fire briskly with three or four heavy guns, but without 
eflTect. After an hours rapid firing the enemy's batteries ceased to 
answer except with one heavy gun. 

General Strong determined^ to effect a landing \s'\t\v Wx^'aAfc \vcA 
designated the point I sent the two launches oi Waba^sKX^o^ 



330 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING 8QUADBOV. 



while I took up a position above this point that, with the heavier guns, 
I might cover nini and enfilade the enemy's rifle pits should he attempt 
to occupy them to oppose the landing. The landing was successfuL 
all the launches keepmg up a rapid and effectual fire of shell and 
shrapnel over the heads of the troops, foniiing about a hundred varda 
in their front and between them. This fire did not cease ti II the 
assaulting forces had so far advanced as to render it unsafe to con- 
tinue lest injury might result to our own forces. Although several of 
the tmnsports were struck, and one sunk, none of the boats under my 
commancl was hit, we being in a measure protected by the banks, 
which, as the tide mn out, afforded some shelter. Every oflicer and 
man did his whole duty with alacrity. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

Francis M. Bunce, 

IdeiUenmvt- Cotnmander. 

Commander G. B. Balch, 

Commanding JI. S. S. Pawnee^ Senior Officer, 



Letter of oommendation from Sear- Admiral Dahlgren, V. 8. VaTy, to Llautsiiaiit-Cm-' 

mander Bunce, U. S. VaTy. 

Flag-Steamer Philadelphia, 
Charleston Roads^ May 16 ^ 186J^ 
Mr Dear Sir: As you are about to return home I take this occa- 
sion of correcting an omission in regard to your service in action with 
the rebels. 

The well-executed landing of the troops upon Morris Island, under 
cover of our batteries, was due to yourself as senior officer, as well as 
to Lieutenants Mackenzie and Kobeson, who were acting under 3^our 
orders. 

It was a most useful service, highly creditable to you and to the 
officers with you. 

With my best wishes, very truly, yours, 

• Jno. a. Dahlgren, 

Bear-Admiral. 

Lieutenant-Commander Bunce, U, S. Namy. 



Abitraot log of the U. 8. S. Montank, Commander Fairfiu, V. 8. VaTy, oommanding. 

Jidy 10^ 1863. — At 4 a. m. the army opened fire on the rebel bat- 
teries on Morris Island. At 4:10 got underway, moored the whaler 
near the bar, and at 6 stood in over Charleston main bar, CaUskilL 
NahanU and WeeJutwkm following. At 6:40 passed the CatskiU and 
took povsition just above her and opened on rebel batteries on Morris 
Island bluffs, CatskiU. JVdhant^ ana Weehawken doing the same. At 
8:45 our troops landed on Morris Island. At 9: 10 in possession of all 
the lower batteries. Moved up and opened on Fort Wagner, in com- 
pany with the Nahant., Weehawken., and CatskiU. At 12 m. moved out 
of mnge for dinner. At 1 p. m. struck by a rifle bolt from Wagner. 
At 2 moved up to the attai^k again until when^ in obedience to sig- 
nah, withdrew and anchored for the uigYit, WVxift ^x^tA^ dixmx^ 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



331 



the day 100 Xl-inch shell and 6 Xl-inch shrapnel, 6() XV-inch shell, 
5 XV-inch shrapnel, and 1 XV-inch grape. Iveccivcd one hit during 
the action in the afternoon on side armor, starboard aide. 

July 11. — At 4:20 a. m. saw the flashes and heard the report of 
musketry and artillery. Called all hands and cleared ship for action. 
At 10 moved up to join the atta(?k on Fort Wagner. At 12 engaged 
with the fort in company with the Catskill^ Min/int, and Waehawkm. 
At 12: 15 ceased firing and came to anchor out of range of the enemy's 
guns. 



Abttraet log of the V. 8. 8. Vahmnt, Commander Downet, U. 8. Havy, commanding. 

July 10, JfSeJ.— Off Charleston. From 4 to 8: At 5 we took our 

Seition in line and stood in over the bar in company with the Catskill, 
aniaul\ and Weehawken. At 6 a. m. the United States batteries on 
Folly Island opened fire, which was returned by the rebel l^atteries on 
Morris Island at 5:10. At 6:12 the 6>/^^v7/ opened fire. At 6:30 
a. m. the Nahant opened fire on the reliel bjitteries. From 8 to 
meridian: At 8:30 a. m. our troops crossed and landed on Morris 
Island. Continued firing at the rebel batteries and at 9:25 the last 
sand battery was taken. Continued to shell the island ahead of the 
troops. At 9:30 ceased firing and stood up toward Fort Wagner and 
opened fire on it At 12:35 ceased firing and stood out of range of 
tne guns of Fort Wagner. At 1:50 weighed anchor, stood out to our 
old position. Reopened fire at 3:12. Ceased firing at 5:35 to wash 
and cool the guns; opened again at 6. At 6:20 ceased firing for the 
day, stood down toward the bar, and came to anchor inside of it. 
During this day's action fired 47 XV-inch shell, 6 XV-inch shrai)nel, 
41 XPinch shell, and 6 Xl-inch shrapnel. We were struck 3 times 
on the turret, 2 on the smokestack ana 1 on side armor. 

July 11. — ^From 8 to meridian. Stood up toward Fort Wagner and 
opened fire at 10:10. At 10:15, being in 2i fathoms, the propeller 
became foul; anchored and continued firmg. Weighed anchor at 1 1 : 50; 
ceased firing at 12 and withdrew from action. During the action fired 
12 XV-inch shell, 2 Xl-inch shell, and 10 Xl-inch shmpnel. Received 
11 hits. 

July IS. — At 2 p. m. weighed anchor and steamed up toward fort. 
Opened fire at 2:45, guns working badly on account of rain. At 3:35 
withdrew from action. During tnis action fired 1 XV-inch shell and 
3 Xl-inch shell. Received 6 hits. 



AbftTMt log of the V. 8. 8. GatildU, Commander Bodgert, U. 8. HaTy, eommanding. 

Jidy lOj 1863. — Inside Charleston Bar. At 4:30 a. m. received the 
admiral and staff on board, with Mr. Godfrey, pilot. Stood in over the 
bar, followed by the other ironclads. The batteries on shore opened fire 
at 5:09. At 6 this vessel opened fire on the batteries on Morris Island 
and bodies of troops passing up the beach toward Wagner; followed 
them up and opened on Wagner, the vessel at anchor, she replving 

heavily. At , Mr. Simmons, acting master, was kno<*ked down 

insensible by a shot sinkiDg the turret near him; sent- \x\m YwAovi . W, 
1:30 p. m. dropped out of action, followed by tVic ot\i^\' 
jv w B—voL 14 22 



332 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADINa 8QUADB0N. 



gave the men their dinner. At 2 p. m. sent Mr. Simmons and several 
men, overcome by the heat in the tire room, away to recover. At 2:50 
renewed the atttiek on Fort Wagner. At 6:30 dropped down and 
anchored for the night, having been struck during the day 64 times, 
the deck pierced in several places. Fired during the day 59 times 
from the XV-inch gun and 72 times from the Al-inch gun. Our 
smoke box to XV-inch gun started off and several bolts gone. 

July 11, — Off Morris Island. From midnight to 4 a. m. At 4 
heavy firing from the enemy on our troops in the vicinity of Fort 
Wagner. At 4:05 a. m. heavy firing and quick firing trom Fort 
Sumter, all hands at quarters. At 4:30 a. m. the ironclad Montavk 
got underway and went farther up toward Sumter and anchored. At 
4:35 the gunboat Coneinamjh got underway and went out over the bar. 
At 8: 10 a. m. the admiral and staff came on board; started up to Wag- 
ner and engaged with shot, followed by the other ironclads, the enemy 
replying. From 12 to 4 p. m. : Came to an anchor out of range of the 
enemy's guns. Ammunition expended in the forenoon: 17 Xl-inch 
shell, 11 XV-shell, 1 XV-inch shrapnel. 



Abstract log of the U. S. S. Pawnee,* Commander Balch, U. 8. HaTy, commanding. 

July .9, m^.— Stono River. From 6 to 8 p. m.: At 7:20 this ship 
opened fire in the woods on east bank of the river and fired at Seces- 
sionville tower with the rifles. From No. 1 rifle gun fired 2 shells. 
No. 2 rifle fired 1 solid shot, 1 Schenkle shell. Fired 2 IX-inch solid 
shot and 2 shell. 

July 10, — At Stono Inlet. From meridian to 4: At 1:80 Greneral 
Terry came on board to communicate with Commander Balch. Heavv 
firing during the w^atch from Fort Sumter, Wagner, and Cumming's 
Point Imtterv. At 3:10 (xeneral Terry left the ship. At 8:40 toe 
tug (>, M, Pettit came up the river and reported tne United States 
forces in possession of Morris Island, with the loss of 60 killed and 
wounded; took 150 prisoners. 

July 11, —From 4 to 6 p. m.: At 5:10 got underway and stood up 
the rivei*. At 6 p. m. anchored opposite Tom GrimbalFs and opened 
fire in a direction a little to the right of the tower in Secession vUle. 
At 0:30 ceased firing. 

July IS, — From 8 to meridian: At 9:40 General Terry came on 
board. At 1):50 fired No. 2 rifle and rifled boat howitzer at some 
horsemen back of Paul Grim ball's house. 



Abitraet log of the U. S. S. Hantncket, Commander Beanmont, U. 8. VaTy* commanding. 

July lOy 1863, — At anchor in Stono River. At 2:30 a. m. heard 
several discharges of musketry to the northeast of us. At 5 a. m. 
heavy firing in direction of Folly Island. At 10:15 tug Pettit brought 
the noAvs of the possession of Morris Island by our forces. At 6 tug 
Dundiilion arrived with Pawne^n launch in tow. 



*See also report of Commander Balch, U. S. Navy, relating in part to operations 
of July 10 and 11, p. 346. 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



333 



JuJy IL — At 12:30 p. m. up anchor and .steamed down river in 
^rge of a pilot. At 2:30 came to anchor in Stono and sent bullet- 
proof bulwarks on board the buoy schooner. At 8 steamer Delairare 
aune alongside, took our hawser, jind proceeded to tow us over the 
bar, Ben De Ford acting as convoy. At 4 p. m. crossed the bar. 
From 4 to 8 p. m. steaming for Charleston in tow of steamer Dela- 
fcare. At 4: 15 the Ben De Ford returned to Stono. At 0, off the 
bar, got a pilot from the Pmvliatdn and proceeded over the bar. At 
$:45 came to anchor near other monitors. 

July 12. — Off Charleston. From 8 to meridian: Moderate breezes 
uid sultry weather. Gunboat** Coyiemaugh, Pmil Jone^^ Ottawa^ and 
MaMehead shelling Fort Wagner from 9 to meridian. Meridian to 
I p. m., three gunboats shelling Wagner. 



llMtraet log of the U. S. S. Commodore MeDonongh, Lieutenant-Commander Bacon, U. S. 

Havy, commanding. 

J\dy 1863. — At 3: 30 p. m. the army boat, used as a launch, fitted 
with two howitzers and manned by second cutter's crew, in charge of 
A.cting Ensign Knapp, left the ship on an expedition. At 5:20 p. m. 
got underway, in company with J^wwnee, in following order: Nan- 
^Aicketj Commodore McDonough^ C. P. Williams in the rear, and 
steamed up Stono River, transports following. At 7 Paionee and 
Nantucket came to anchor about one-half mile below Grimball's plantii- 
tion, answered signals from Pawnee^ and opened fire on Secessionvillc 
from IX-inch and 50-pounder rifles, the rest of the vessels doing the 
same. At 7:15 cast off the C. P. Williams and she came to anchor, 
ind we steamed up to the Paime^^ who ordered us to cease firing. At 
7:20 beat retreat. 

July 10. — At 5 a. m. heavy firing commenced on Morris Island. 
Steamer Ben De Ford came up with troops; at 7 firing appeared more 
distant; nearl)^ ceased. At 3 p. m. steamer 0. M. Pettit came in, with 
the news that our troops had full possession of Morris Island. From 
6 to 8 p. m. : The army boat, with howitzers and second cutter's crew, 
in tow of the steamer Mary Benton^ capsized abreast of Legar^ville, 
and Thomas Smith, landsman, was drowned. 

July 11. — At 12:40 p. m. rebels fired from pickets on John's Island 
at the General Hunter. Beat to -quarters, fired one shot. 



[Teleffram.] 

Savannah, Ga., July ,9, 1863—2:30 jk m. 
YoMT dispatch is referred to me. I have made arrangements to aid 
^'ou with my available force by railway- route. The demonstration may 
l)e for this place. I must be here prepared for it. When you inform 
nnie that [itj is surely with you, telegraph me, and I will be with you at 
the earliest moment. 

W. W. Hunter, 
Fla<j' Officer., Commanding Afloat. 

Oaptain J. R. Tuckek, 

Cbmf?iafuiim/ AJloat^ Charl<^ton^ S. G. 



334 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING 8QUADBON. 

[Telegram.] 

Charlkston, Jvly 10^ 1S63. 
Sir: Your telegram received. The enemy arc making a demonstra- 
tion on Morris K*land. The attack seems decided for Charleston; 
three of the monitors signaled as inside the hsLY this morning at 5 
o'clock; will be happy to have such force as you can spare us, melud- 
ing some engineers. 

J. R. Tucker, 

Captain^ Comnuinding Afloat, 

Flag-Officer W. W. Hunter. 



[Telegram.] 

Savannah, Ga., July 10^ 1863. 
You ask for such force as I can spare. I have no available force of 
officers, engineers, or men to spare without rendering this place (by 
water) defenseless; yet, on your representation of affairs with you, I 
will send you, by tlie first conveyance, to }>e returned here as soon 
their service c^m be disfxinsed with, 3 lieutenants, 1 midshipman, 4 
engineers, 1 assistant surgeon, and 50 men. 

W. W. Hunter, 

Canimanding Afl^yai, 

Captain J. K. Tucker, 

Commandimj Afl>oaU Charhj<ton^ S. O. 



[Telefrram.] 

Charleston, Jidy 10^ 1863. 
Is the firing from our works, Morris Island, at the monitors or at 
the enemy on land? Enjoin against, throwing away ammunition 
against ironclads at long ranges. Order large numl>er of Rains torpe- 
does established in advance of Battery Wagner at proper time. 

G. T. Beauregard, 
General^ CmmtuMdimj, 

(leneml Ripley. 



[Telegram.] 

Sl-mter, Jtdy 10^ 1863. 
Our troops have been driven hack to Battery Wagner. Cumming's 
Point battery has opened on the nui-suers. Fort Sumter just opening. 
Monitors are shelling Batterv \\ agner. I do not think it well to send 
more troops to Morris Island immediately, as there are enough there 
to crowd the works we hold. Has General Hagood arrived? Should 
an}' guns arrive, they had best be put in position in first White Point 
Inittery. 

R. S. Riplet. 

Brigadier- Qenend. 

Captain Nance (for General Jordan). 

[Endorsement.] 

Hcccived at W:45 u. in. 



SOUTH ATIaANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 335 



[Tele^m.] 

Chakleston, S. C, Jxily 10^ 1S6S —11 p. m. 
At dark enemy retained possession of southern portion Morris 
bland. Four monitors engaged Ritteries Wagner and Cunnuing's 
Point all day without damages or casualties, but Toss in opposing land- 
ing severe; 300 killed and wounded, including 1(> officers. Enemj^'s 
loss evidently heavy. 

G. T. Beauregard. 

Creneral S. Cooper, 

Richmond. 



[Telegram.] 

Charleston, July 11^ 1863 — 9:41) a, vu 
Enemy attacked in force Battery Wagner on MoiTis Island at da^'^- 
light this morning, but was quickly repulsed with 95 killed, many 
wounded, and 130 prisoners. Only five casualties on our side. All 
quiet; still on James Island. 

G. T. Beauregard. 

(xeneral S. Cooper. 



l0port of Colonel Oimham, G. 8. Army, commanding Twenty-Fint Sonth Carolina 

Volnnteen. 

Headquarters Fort Johnson, July 18, 1863. 

Captain: I beg leave to submit the report of the engagement on 
Friday, the 10th instant, by which the abolitionists gained possession 
of the works on Morris Island south of Batter^' Wagner. 

I was aware that an attack was shortly to be made on Morris Island 
by the unmaskine of extensive works on Little Folly Island on Thurs- 
day morning, and also by the arrival of four ironclad nionitoi*s off the 
bar, which was reported to district headquarters, and reinforcements 
asked for. 

On Friday, the 10th instant, the engagement began by the batteries 
on little Folly Island openin? with a terrific fire before sunrise on the 
works at the south end of Morris Island, and soon after by the iron- 
clads from the sea on the left, and several barges with howitzers in 
Light-House Creek on the right. The fire was eallantly replied to by 
the artillerists, under the immediate command of Captain [J. C.J 
Mitehel. The infantry force was immediately formed and put in posi- 
tion to resist a landing at Oyster Point, and placed under the command 
of Major [George W.J Mclver, Twenty-first South Carolina Volun- 
teers. This force consisted of the Twenty -first South Carolina Volun- 
teers, numbering about 400 men, and a detachment of Company 1), 
First South Carolina [RegularJ Infantry [Third ArtillorvJ, numbering 
about 40 men, under the command of Captain [C. T.] Ifaskell [jr.J. 

About one hour and a half after the engagement commenced the 
enemy landed under cover of their fire at Oyster Point, between 2,000 
and 3,000 strong and a destructive fire was directed against them by 
our batteries. They were promptly met by the infantry force under 
Major Mclver, and held in check until a like force \wi\cv\\\> 
of the batteries, under cover of the bank of the CYcek, IW. W^^^X^^vcv'^ 
low. At this time a portion of Nelson's battalion i wme up. WvvvYXvSi 



336 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



fhem to the support of the batteries. They did not get in position, 
however, for tne front line of our works was in the possession of the 
enemy, and one-half of the force under the command of Major Mclver 
was either killed or wounded, and more than half of the officers. I 
then ordered the whole force to retire, which they did in order, firing 
as they retreated, When about halfway back to Battery Wagner, the 
rest of Nelson's battalion came up. I, had them formed in line of 
battle to cover the retreat. The iron monitors followed us along the 
channel, pouring into us a fire of shell and grape. When the ex- 
hausted and wounded had got sufticiently to the rear, I then ordered 
the whole to retire to Battery W^agner. 

The Twenty-first South Carolina Volunteers lost in killed, wounded, 
and missing, 183. Captain Haskell's company lost 12. The artillery 
command lost 100. 

Of the whole command, I must sav that they fought bravely and 
well. Many individual ac^ts of gallantry could be mentioned, but 
where all did well it would be invidious to report them. I can not, 
however, fail to mention the gallant conductor Captain W. E. Stoney, 
acting assistant adjutant-general to the command. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

R. F. Graham, 

Cohmel TiOi'uty -fir at South Carolma Vohmteers^ Cotnmanding. 

Captain W. F. Nance, 

AH»ustant Adjutant- General, 



Report of Captain Roxcan ^ U, S. Navy^ requesting instructions regard- 
ing the disposition of tlie prize steamet* Planter. 

U. S. S. New Ironsides, 

Off Charleston, July 11, 1863. 
Admiral: The Memphis came to me this evening with a prize 
steamer \Pla71ter] in tow, which broke down off Bull's Bay on her 
way from the (lulf Squadron to New York. 

Be pleased to instruct me how she is to be disposed of. I want to 
send tne Memphis to her station. Shall I send the prize inside the bar? 
Very respectfully, 

S. C. Rowan, 

Captain, U. S. JVary. 

Rear-Admiral Jno. A. Dahlgren, 

Commanding South Atlantic Blockading Stpiadroii. 



Order of Rear'Admirctl Dahlgren., U. S. Navy, to masf^ of the 
steamer Prometheus, to proceed to Port Royal, S. C, to^oing prist 
steamer Planter. 

Steamer Augusta Dinsmore, 
Off Morris Island, South Carolina, Jxdy 12, 1863. 
Sir: Proceed to Port Royal, towing with you the Drize steamer 
Plantei\ On your arrival tlicre report to Commander William Rey- 
noJ(k, of the \Wmonf, showing him these otdeT^. You rec^uost 
him to have your vessel coaled as soon as pottsftAft, '^iV^ii ^o>3l 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 337 

retarn to this anchorage, towing with you a coal vessel that will be 
designatiHi by Commander William Reynolds. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

J. A. Dahlgren, 
Rear-Admiral^ Camdg. Smith Atlantic Blockading Squadron, 

Captain J. A. B. Lothrop, 

Commanding Steamer Prometheus, 



Order of Rear- Admiral Dahlgren^ U, S, Navy^ to Commander Parker^ 
U. S, Navy, for t/ie organization of a naval brigade. 

Steamer Augusta Dinsmore, 
Off Morris Inland, July 12, 180b. 
Sir: I desire to have organized, with as much dispatch as possible, 
for service on shore, three naval battalions, one to consist of marines 
and the other two of sailoi*s. 

As adjutant, you are charged with this organization, and the com- 
manding officers of all vessels in this squadron, with whom you may 
communicate, are hereby instructed to give you all information as to 
the number of men on board their vessels available for such service. 
Respectfully, your obedient servant, 

Jno. a. Dahlgren, 
Rear-Admiral^ Comdg. South Atlantic Blockading Squadron. 

Commander Foxhall A. Parker, U. S. Navy, 

U. S. S. Wahash. 



Order of Rear- Admiral Dahlgrefii, U> S. Namy, to Com mander BaJch^ 
U, S. Navy^ regarding ttie U, S, steamers MarhleJiead ami McDon- 
oagh. 

Steamer Augusta Dinsmore, 
Off Morris Island, South Carolina, July 12, 1863. 
Sir: I send you the Marblehead to relieve the Commodore McDonough. 
As soon as she reports you will please send the McDonoxigh without 
delay to this anchorage. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

J. A. Dahlgren, 
Rear Admiral, Comdg. South Atlantic Blockading Squadron. 

Commander George B. Balch, 

Senior Officer, Stono Inlet, U. S. S. Pawnee. 



Order of Rear- Admiral Dahlgren, U. S.Naxyy, to Commandet* Dmmes, 
U. S. Navy, commanding U. S. S. Nahant, to assume command of 
the Uockaae of Wassaw Sourid, Geoi^gia. 

Steamer Augusta Dinsmore, 

Off Charleston, S. C, July 12, 1863. 
Sir: In consequence of information received respecting the prob- 
able movement of the rebel ironclad Savannah, yo\i will please pro- 
ceed at once to Wassaw Sound, Georgia, and assume 
blockade in those waters. 



838 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 

On your way down you can touch in at Port Royal for certain sup- 
plies, which you represent are necessary for the eflSciency of your 
vessel, provided it does not detain you more than a few bourn. 
Very respectfully, your obedient ser>'Hnt, 

J. A. Dahlgren, 
Reap- Admiral^ Ootndi/. South Atlantic Bhckadtnff Squadr^m, 

Commander John Downes, 

Cotnrnanduig U. S, Ironclad Steamer Ndhant. 



Ch'di'r of Rear- Admiral Dahlaren^ U. S. Ndvy^ to Commander 
ReynoUhy U, S. Navy^ regaraing the U. S, steamers NdhofU and 
Pmohatan, 

Steamer Augusta Dixsmore, 
Off Morrifi TsUnd^ South Carolina^ July 1863, 
Sir:- I send the Nahant and Powhatan to Port Royal; the former to 
be prepared as soon as possible for service at Wassaw, the latter for 
coal and supplies. 

Should you deem it necessary for the safety of the harbor, you may 
detain the Poxchatan at Port Royal for further orders. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

J. A. Dahix^ren, 
Rear-AdmraL Comdy. South Atlantw BlocJcadhuf Stptadron. 

Commander William Reynolds, 

Senior Offctr Prei<ent^ L\ S, Ship Vermont^ Port Royal. 



Ordei* of Captuin Rowan ^ (7, S. Navy^ to Lieutenant- Commander 
Stevents^ covnnandlng U. S, S. Ilujvn. 

U. S. S. New Ironsides, 

Off CharleHtan, Jvly IQ, 1863. 
Sir: You will proceed without delay to Stono Inlet and report to 
Captain George n. Balch, of the Pawikee, 

Very respectfully, S. C. Rowan, 

Captain^ Commanding off CliarUsston. 

Lieutenant-Commander G. A. Stevens, 

Ciyinmandimj U, S. S. Huron. 



Order of Rear- Admiral Dahlgrtn^ U. S. ifavy^ regarding guard 9^^el. 

[Off Morris Island,] July 12^ 1863. 
A vessel will lx» designated as a gfuard vessel for the night, whose 
duty it will be to have this anchorage viijilantlv patrolled every night 
by at least one of the small steamers anua picket of boats in advance 
of our vessels, so that any attempt of the enemy as a surprise may be 
frustrated. 

Jno. a. Daiilorrn, 

A\'(f/*- Admiral^ Comdg. South Athiuttc Bl<>cfcadiiuj Scj^wwiron. 



BOUra ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



339 



Report of Commander Bcdch^ U, S. Navy^ regarding tlu* ftervurs of the 

U. S. S. Pawnee, 
Stono Inlet^ South CaroUrui^ Jxdy i^, 186S. 

Sir: In obedience to your order of this date I have directed Lieu- 
tenant- Commander Bacon to report to you otf Morris Island, with the 
Commodore McDonx/ugh under nis command. 

I desire most earnestly to call the attention of the admiral command- 
ing to the important and valuable services rendered })y Lieutenant- 
Cbmmander &con since he has been under my command in the Stono, 
for a period of five months; and it affords me great pleasure to testif v 
to bis zeal and energv and his ever prompt and ready assistance in all 
tihe duties required during our association on duty. " I do not hesitate 
to state that implicit reliance may be given to his prof essional skill and 
judCTient, as also to his zeal in tne cause in which we are engaged. 

To his officers and crew I can in justice do no less than extend to 
them my hearty approval of the manner they have ever discharged 
their duties, and I aesire to bring their services to your favorable 
notice. 

The intimate acquaintance of Lieutenant-Commander Bacon with the 
localities of Stono leads me to hope that he may be ordered here again 
when the services upon which he may now be ordered have been j^er- 
formed. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

GrEO. B. Balch, 

Commander and Senior Officer Present. 

Rear- Admiral J. A. Dahlgren, 

Commanding South Atla7itic Blockading Sqiuidrmi. 



Order of Rear-Admiral Dahlgren^ U. S. Navy^ to Lieutenant- Com- 
mander Ba>con^ U. S, Navy^ commanding (J, S. S. Cffmnmhre 
McDonough^ to proceed to tne protectiim of troops on Morris and 
FMy islands^ South Carolina. 

Steamer Augusta Dinsmore, 
Off Morris Island^ Soxith Carolina^ July 13^ 1863. 
Sm: You will proceed with the Commodx/re McDonough under your 
command into Light-House Inlet and render such assistance and pro- 
tection to our troops on Morris and Folly islands as circumstances 
may seem to require. 

Keport your movements to me frequently. Any important opera- 
tions may be communicated to me via Morris Island by signal. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

J. A. Dahlgren, 
Rear- Admiral^ Comdg. South Atlantic Blockading Sfpiadron. 

Lieutenant-Ck>mmander George Bacon, 

U. S. S. Commodore McDonough. 



340 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADBON. 



General order of Rear- Admirals Dahl^ren^ JJ. S. Nmy^ relative to the 
d^Uf nation of the senior officer present. 

July 13, 1863. 

1st. There arc no divisions of this squadron, as such have not })ecn 
directed either by the Navy Department or by any other authority 
competent to create them. 

2a. Wherefore, whenever any number of vessels of this squadron 
are assembled for any particular duty, the senior officer present will 
have charge of their movements, as directed by the rear-admiral com- 
manding, or b}'^ circumstances, if an emergenc}^ should arise. 

3d. Ihis is conformable to recent regulations, which also direct 
that the senior officer present is to wear a flag of particular shape, col- 
ored white, yellow, white, to be hoisted at tne masthead of the vessel, 
immediately under the narrow pennant." 

4th. '"But he is not to continue to wear it after the arrival of a 
superior or senior in command, or after falling in with such superior 
or senior near enough to be recognized." 

5th. When the flag has passed the bars of either of the ship chan- 
nels of this place, it will be considered, until further orders, as **not 
near enough to be recognized," and the senior officer present" with 
the outer blockading squadron may, for the present, continue to wear 
his mark as prescribed by the regulations, so long as he himself is out- 
side the bar and within signal distance of the vessels placed there. 

J NO. A. Dahlgren, 
Rear- Admiral^ Coiad^. South Atlantic Blockading Squadron. 



Order of Rear- Admiral Dahlqren^ JJ. S. Navy^ to Commander Rhindy 
TJ. S, Navy^ commandiny tL S. S. Paid *f ones ^ to proceed on »pecuA 
duty to Stono and Noi*th Edisto^ South Carolina. 

Steamer Augusta Dinsmore, 
Off Morris Island, Jtdy 13, 1863. 
Sir: You will please proceed with the Paul Jones at daylight 
to-morrow morning to Stono and North Edisto and deliver the enclo^ 
orders for Commander Balch, of the Pawnee, and Commander Spotts, 
of the South Carolina, bringing back with you all the marines belong- 
ing to those vessels. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

J. A. Dahlgren, 
Rear- Admiral, Comdg. South Atlantic Blockading Squadron. 

Commander A. C. Rhino, 

Commandiny U. S. S. Pa^d Jones. 



RejKtrt of Commander Baleh, TJ. S. Navy, regarding the dispatching 
of marines from the U. J^, S, Pawnee. 

U. S. Steam Srxx)P Pawnee, 

Stono Inlets South Carolina, July 1863. 
Sik; I h/ivo tho honor to acknowled^i> tho. Tece^vpt of your order of 
the 13th Instnnt, hy the Paul Jones^ aud to TeyotV,\)[\aV,\ ^ 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 341 

the marines now on board the Pmone^^ equipped for service, as directed 
by vou. 

• • • « « « 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

Geo. B. Balch, 

Cmnvuinder and Senhr Officer Pj^esmt. 

Bear- Admiral J. A. Dahloren, 

Commanding South Atlantic Blockadhig Squadfvm. 



Repcirt of Rear- Adm iral Dahlgren^ IT, S. Navy^ mggesting the landing 
of 7nxUerial for the monitors at Port Royal ^ S, C. 

No. 8.] Flag-Steamer Augusta Dinsmore, 

Off Morris hUnd, July 1863. 
Sir: On my an'ival at Port Royal I found lying there, under charter 
to the Navy Department, four steamers — Prometheus^ Fair Ilaveii^ 
Haze^ and Thorn — laden with material for strengthening the decks of 
the monitors. 

If the Department has given no instructions in regard to them I 
would suggest that their cargoes be landed at Poit Royal and the 
vessels sent north. 
I have the honor to be, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

J NO. A. Dahixjren, 
Rear-Admi/ral^ Comdg. South Atlantic Blockading Squadron. 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of the Navy. 



Report of Rear-Admiral Dahlgren, JJ. S. Navy, requesting an aux- 
iliary storeshij). 

No. 9.] Flag-Steamer Augusta Dins'^ore, 

Off Morris Island, July U, 1863. 
Sir: I find that the storeships at Port Royal are entirely- inadequate 
to the wants of this squadron. 

Of late it has been found necessary to charter a vessel for the 
accommodation of supplies reouired to be kept on hand; and the 
Valparaiso., one of the stone fleet, in use as a storeship, is so badly 
wormed that she can not be kept afloat much longer. I have therefore to 
request that a hulk of 1,500 or 2,000 tons burden may be sent out here 
at an early day, to be used as an auxiliary storeship*^ to the Vermont. 
1 have the honor to be, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

Jno. a. Daiilgren, 
Rear- Admiral^ Comdg. South Atlantic Blockaditig Squadron. 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of the Navy. 



342 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 

RejHyrt of Bt^ar- Admiral Dahlqren,, U. S. Navy^ rdative to the retm- 
Hon of ojffcerfi ordered by the Department to proceed to examim- 
tio)}. 

No. 10.] Flag-Steamer Augusta Dinsmore, 

Off Mf/rriA Island, July U, 186S. 

Sir: I have to acknowledge the receipt of the Department's order, 
dated June 2*.), directing me to detach all the reeular ensigns of the 
class of 1859 serving in this squadron, and send them to Newport, 
[K. L], tor their final examination. 

As tlie services of these \^oung oflBcers will be very valuable during 
the openitions now in progre^ss against Morris Island, especially in 
connection with the movements of several naval battalions which fam 
organizing for service ashore, I shall take the liberty, unless other- 
wise directed by the Department, of detaining them here until the 
pending operations are closed. 

1 have tlie honor to be, very respectf uUy^, your obedient servant, 

Jno. a. Dahlgren, 
It ear- Admiral y Comdy. Smdh Atlantic Blockading Squadron. 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of th<i JVavy, Washingto7i, D. C. 



Ord^^r of Rear-Admiral Daldgren, U. S. Naty^ to Commander 
Rrymhh, U. S. JVavy^ to send the (I. 6\ S. Patapsco to Morri* 
Iffland, in taio of the U. S. S. Pmohatan, 

Steamer Augusta Dinsmore, 
Off 2Torrh hland, Sovth Carolina, July 15, 1863. 
Sir: There is a necessity for using all the force I can obtain*; if, 
therefore, you know that the ^'ahant has reached Wassaw and has 
shut in the enemy's ironclads, and think it will not incur too much 
risk at Port Royal to send the Patapnco here for a few days, you will 
have her towed here, with all dispatch, for which purpose I send the 
P<r}rhatan, 

Please till up the vacancies in the junior officers and crew of the 
Patapsco from the Povhatan, 

Verj' resix»ctf ully, your obedient servant, 

J. A. Dahlgren, 
Rear- Admiral^ Comdg. South Atlantic Blockading Sq\iaaron. 

Commander William Reynolds, 

Senior Officer, Port Royals. 



Ltttrr from the Serretan/ of the Nartf to Rear- Admiral Du Ptmt, 

' U. S. Navy. 

Navy Department, July 15, 1863. 
Sir: I have received your letter of the 10th instant, announcmg 
your urriviil. In acknowledging the receipt of your letter I avafl 
myself of the occasion to congnitulate you ow yoOT veturu to 
DeJuware after the severe labors of your \aUi axAMioua tioism&Tv^. 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 343 

Elsewhere and in public official eonimunica,tion8 I have expressed 
my high appreciation of your services and of the ability that you 
have exhibited. 

Wishing you health and happiness, I am, very respectfully, 

Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of thi' Navy, 

Rear- Admiral Samuel F. Du Pont, U. S. Navy, 

Wilmi7ujto7i^ Del, 



Letter from the Secretary of the Narry to Rear- Admiral Dahhjren^ 
U. o. Navy^ approving his cooperation in the movement against 
Morris Idand^ South Carolina. 

Navy Department, July 15^ 1863, 
Sib: Your note, dated the 6th instant, hjis been received. Your 
cxx>peration with General Gillmore in his movements upon Morris 
Island is in accordance with the Department's wishes, and in all simihir 
cases you must exercise your iudgment, in which the Department 
confides. It is scarcely to be expected that you will want or can 
receive orders from it as to your movements and acts under the cir- 
cumstances stated. Enclosea is a copy of the orders* sent to Re4ir- 
Admiral Du Pont with regard to cooperating with General Gillmore. 
Very respectfully, etc., 

Gideon Welles, 
Secretary of the Navy. 

Rear- Admiral John A. Dahlgren, 

Comdg. South Atla7itic Blockdg. Squadron Port Royal,, S. C. 



Report of Rear- Admiral Dald^ren., U, S. Navy^ qimnjg stations of 
vesede comprising South Atlantic El-ockading Squadron July 15^ 
1863. 

Flag-Steamer Augusta Dinsmore, 

Of Morris Island, July 19, 1863. 
Sib: I have to report the vessels of this squadron stationed as 
follows on the 15th instant: 



Vessel. 



station. 



Flambeaa i Murroll's Inlet . 

dnuuTon I Georgetown — 

Memphis ' Bull's Bay 

[New] Ironsiden ' Charleston Bnr. 

C^TundalKua ' do 

HouMtonic ' do 

Wabwh do 

Powhatan ' do 

Ftajc I do 

Lodona ! do 

CoDemaogh i do 

P«ul Jones I do 

Otuwa ! do 

Seneca i do 

Wbsahickon i do 

Chippewa i do 

Nonolk Packet i do 

G.W. Blunt i do 

CatsUll I do 

Montank i do 

Weehawkra , do 

Nmntaeket / do 



Remarks. 



J Outside. 
Do. 
Do. 
Do. 
Do. 
Do. 
Do. 
Do. 
Do. 
Do. 
Do. 
Do. 
Do. 
Do. 
Do. 
In.«ide. 
Do. 
I>0. 
i Do. 



♦See p. 241. 



344 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOOKADINa 8QUADBOK. 



Vessel. 



Station. 



Daffodil 

Pettit 

Dandelion 

Commodore McDonough . 

Pawnee 

Huron 

Marblehcad 

South Carolina 

Kingfisher 

Vermont 

Valparaiso 

Oleander 

Columbine 

Rescue . . . ^ 

PatapHCo 

Atlanta 

Nahant 



Mohawk 

Unadilla 

Water Witch. 

Madgie 

Midnight .... 

Wamsutta 

Stettin 

Braziliera 

Potomska .... 
E. B. Hale.... 

Norwich 

Para 



Charleston Bar.... 

do 

do 

Light-House Inlet . 

Stono 

do 

.....do 

North Edisto 

St. Helena 

Port Royal 

do 



.do. 
.do. 
.do. 
.do. 
.do. 
.do. 



do 

Wastfiaw 

Ossabaw 

St. Catherine's . . 

Sapelo 

DoDoy 

St. Simon's 

St. Andrew's 

Femandina 

St. John's River . 

do 

Mosquito Inlet . . 



Remarks. 



Inside, tug. 
Do. 
Do. 



Store hulk. 
Tug. 
Do. 



Repairing. 
Do. 

En nmte for Wassaw; 

touched for supplies. 
Guard ship. 



I have the honor to be, ver^^ respectfully, your obedient servant, 

J. A. Dahlgren, 

Rear-Admiral^ Comdg. South Atlantic Blockading Squadron. 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of the Navy, Washington, D. C. 



Report of Cajytain Green,, U, S. Navy, commanding U. S. 8. Cmum- 
daigua, regarding expedition to Wassaw Sound. 

U. S. S. Canandaioua, 

Off Charleston, S. C, July 16, 1863. 

Sir: I have respectfully to report that in obedience to your order, 
received through Captain [William Rogers] Taylor, I left this anchorage 
on the morning of the 13th instant and pro(;eeded, stopping at Port 
Royal and communicating with Commander [William] Reynolds on the 
passage, to the anchorage off Wassaw Bar, where I amved at 10 : 30 
p. ni. the same day. On the following morning I communicated with 
Lieutenant-Commander Quackenbush, commanding the VnadiUa. 

Neither Lieutenant-Commander Quackenbush nor Commander Rey- 
nolds could give me any further information respecting the locality, 
state of preparation, or intended movements or the rebel steamer 
Everglade or ironchid steamer Savannah, other than that received 
through the deserters from Thunderbolt and communicated to you by 
Commander Reynolds. 

I had an interview with one of the deserters, who claimed to be an 
American and a native of the State of New York, and infer from his 
statc^ments that the rebels at Savannah merely contemplate forcing a 
passage, if practicable, for the steamer Evergla^de out to sea. He 
mformed me that there were two ironclads besides the Samnnah in 
course of construction at Savannah. 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



345 



The Ndhant arrived off the bar yesterday afternoon, and after wait- 
ing an hour or two for the tide to rise, she proceeded in and anchored 
in the sound. Deeming her presence, with that of the Unadllht^ suffi- 
cient to guard these waters, I took my departure at about dark for 
this anchoi'age and arrived this morning. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

J. F. Green, Captain. 

Rear- Admiral J. A. Dahlgren, 

Coftidg. South Carolina Blockading Squadron^ off CluirleHtoiu 



Joint engagement naar GrimhalVa Landing,, July 16^ 186S, 
Soport of Crommander Baloh, IT. 8. Navy, oommanding IT. 8. 8. Pawnee. 

U. S. S. Pawnee, 
St07io Hive?*, South Carolina,, July 16^ 1863. 

Sir: I have the honor to report that at 4:40 a. m., the Pawnee and 
Marbl^head being at anchor near Tom (xrimbairs, the enemy opened 
on us hotly from batteries distant about 600 yards, the first snot strik- 
ing^ us, and the fire admirably given by the enemy. 

The position of the Pawnee was such that we could get none of our 
guns to bear, and seeing that we were powerless to innict injury upon 
the enemy in that position, I deemed it prudent to dropdown the river, 
where I could brin^ my guns to bear; this I did and directed the Mar- 
Mehead to do likewise. >Ve were at anchor in position where we could 
reach the enemy, and this ship, the Ihiron^ ana Marhlehead kept up a 
brisk fire on the enemy, ana with reference to the signals made by 
General Terry will be [wc] telegraphed to cease firing, the enemy hav- 
ing retreated. 

The Paiiynee was struck 33 times in the hull, 8 times in the smoke- 
stack, 3 boats damaged by shot, and some 6 shots in the rigging. The 
chain cable, which f had put on Ihe outside, I am happy to state, saved 
us from injury to our boilers. 

The casualties are, as reported by the surgeon, W. T. Hord, as fol- 
lows, and which has caused great surprise, considering the excessively 
hot fire, that there should have been no more, viz: 

John W. Philip, U. S. Navy, lieutenant, slightly wounded; James P. 
Lindsey, acting master, U. S. Navy, slightly wounded; James Marlow, 
boatswain's mate, slightly wounded; John B. Patterson, landsman, 
mortally wounded. 

My officers and men behaved in the coolest manner, and I was aided 
and admirably supported by Lieutenant-Commander Scott, of the 
MarfjleKead,, and as soon as the Huron could she opened handsomely. 

I am exceedingly short-handed, my guard being absent, and also 
short in my numbers of the crew. I am obliged to send some four 
men now, whose time is out, and has been for some time; I do not feel 
at liberty to detain them longer. 

I write in great haste so as not to detain the Daffodil.^ and am. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

Geo. B. Balch, 
Commander and Senior Officer Premit. 

BeBT'Admiral J. A. Dahloren^ 

Com?nandtn^ South Atlantic Blockad'my SquodroYV, 



346 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



Keport of Lieatenant-Commander Baoon, IT. 8. Navy, commanding V. B. 8. Oommodsn 

KoDonongh. 

U. S. S. Commodore McDonough, 

LIqht'Home Met, Julq 16, IS6J. 
Sir: I have the honor to report that yesterday evening, at the 
request of Geneml Gillmore (having discovered that the eneray were 
firing on our pickets from the batteries near Secessionvillc), moved up 
the [Stono] river and opened from the batteries with niy rifled guns, 
throwing our shell into the enemy's camp, which compelled them to 
ceuse tiring upon our pickets, i learn from General Gillmore that 
our forces under Geneml Teriy and the gunboats in Stono River were 
attacked at daylight this morning by the enemy having a large force 
of artillery, but they were repul^, owing, no doubt, in a measure, to 
the terrific fire of" the gunboats under Captain Balch, as their shell 
could be plainly soon bursting among the enemy's troops. The enemy 
having retreated to Socessionville, moved up the river and opene(i 
fire upon them with my nfted guns. I take great pleasure in stating 
that the fire was so effective as to cause them to fall back to their 
camps, which were in the roar of the town, which I shelled, and the 
last seen of the enemy they were in full retreat to the woods. 

The following is a list of the ammunition expended during the firing, 
viz, lOO-pounder Parrott rifle, 34 shell; from the 50 pounder Dahlgren 
rifles, 47 shell. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

George Bacon, 
Lieutenant' Cornmander^ U. S. Navy. 

Rear- Admiral J. A. Daiilgrex, 

Conidij. kS, Atlantic Jilockadi7iff Sqiwdron^ off Morris Island, 



Report of Rear-Admiral Dahlgren, U. 8. Navy, transmitting report of Oommaader Bal^ 

U. 8. Navy. 

No. 32.] Fiao-Steamer Dinsmore, 

Of Morris Island, JulyeS, 1863. 
Sir: I forward herewith, for the' information of the Department, 
Commander Balch's report of late operations in the Stono, accom- 
panied l>y a draft of the Pawnee^ showing hits received from rebel 
Wteries. 

I have the honor to be, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

\T. A. Dahlgren, 

Rear'Admlrnl^ Conidtj, South Atlantic Blockading Squadron. 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

iSe<TetimjoftheNary^ Was/tinqton, D. C. 



Report of Commander Baloh, U. 8. Navy, oommanding V. 8. 8. PawBM. 

U. S. Steam Sloop Pawnee, 

Stono Inlet, South Carolina, Jvly SI, 1863. 
Sir: I have the honor to sulmiit the following report of the opera- 
tions of the naval force in Stono since u\y last re\)iort to the admiral 
conwmndinfr: 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 347 



For the more perfect safety of the transports in passing the Stono 
Bar^ 1 had the buoys lifted and plac^ed so as to render the entrance 
straight and easy, and I am much gratified in being able to state that 
the transports, which have been going out and coming in constantly, 
have done so in safety. 

On the 4th of July I received a confidential communication from 
Colonel Turner, chief of General Gillmore's stafi, asking that I would 
eive assistance by lighting the buoys, that the troops might enter and 
disembark at the south end of Folly Island under cover of the night. 
This I did, and went outside the bar myself and gave all the directions 
necessaiT to insure the safe entrance into Stono. 

The officers of the Commodi/t^e McDcmovgh were detailed as pilots, 
and discharged their duties zealously and well. I continued to render 
assistance in this wav whilst it was necessary, and on 5th July, under 
cover of the night, the transports passed in safety to the dock at Folly 
Island, discharged the troops, and proceeded to sea bv 3 a. m. In this 
dnty I was ably seconded by Lieutenant-Commander Bacon, his officers 
and crew, as also by the officers and crew of the Pawme. 

On tiie 7th July, instant, I had the honor to receive your confidential 
instructions to be i*eady for a movement in the Stono, and in view of 
rendering the most emcient support to the troops alx)ut advancing 
a£[ainst Morris Island, I deemed it proper to lit tnc Pavme^s launch 
with two 12-pounder howitzers (a smoothbore and a rifle), as also an 
army launch, which I borrowed of General Seymour, and fitted with 
two 24-pounder smoothbore howitzers, taken for the purpose from the 
Commodore McDonough^ and manned by a crew from that vessel; these, 
with two 12-pounder smoothbore howitzers, from the ^yaha^h^ were 
placed under command of Lieutenant-Commander Buncc, of the Paw- 
nee^ who received my orders to cooi)erato with the army in landing on 
Morris Island, and particularly to cover the advance, and to act against 
the enemy when he could do so, and to cover the retreat, should oui 
troops be repulsed. 

The report* of Lieutenant-Commander Bunce is herewith enclosed 
for your information, and I beg leave respectfully to express my grati- 
fication that the naval force in Stono should have been able to render the 
important assistance it did, and to very materially contribute to the suc- 
cess of the movement of our troops. ' I deem it but an act of justice to 
call the attention of the admiral commanding to the services rendered 
by Lieutenant-Commander Bunce and his command. 

I had the honor to receive, on the morning of the 9th instant, 3'our 
circular dated the 8th, detailing the duties of the vessels under Vour 
command in the operations against Morris Island, and by it the Paw- 
nee^ Nantucket^ and Gwnmodore McDanough were assigned to the 
convoy of a division of troops up the Ston(>. In carrying out these 
instructions, after consultation with General Terry, commanding the 
division, I got underway in the Paxoiee on the afternoon of the 9th 
instant, followed by th^ NantuckeU Commodttre McI)fmmi<jK and 0, P. 
Williams, and proceeded up the Stono and anchored above Stevens' 
Landing, and opened fire on James Island. The transports followed 
us up tne Stono, and, immediately on landing. General Terry sent 
forward a portion of his troops on James Island. 



*Seep. 329. 

N w K—VOh 14 2S 



348 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING 8QUADB0K. 



On the 11th instant the McDonough^ being at anchor off Legar^ 
ville, where 1 had stationed Lieutenant-Commander Bacon for the 

Surpose of protecting our transports from attacks of the enemy on 
ohn's Island, made signal that the enemy's batteries were firing on 
one of our steamers, the General Hunter; the Cornmod^e McDonoiujik 
opened on them, and I immediately sent the (7. P. Williams to assist, 
she being towed to her sUition at my request by order of General 
Terry. 

At the request of General Terry I moved up the Stono River on the 
afternoon of the 11th instant and anchored on Tom Griml>airs planta- 
tion, and opened fire in the direction of Secessionvilie, the object of 
which was that our troops, under cover of the Paionee^a guns, might 
make a forward movement. I continued tiring in the direction, and 
with the ranges agreed upon with General Terry, till he made signal 
to cease firing; this being done, his troops advanced and took posi- 
tion some 800 or 1,000 yards from the Pmonee. The Commodwe 
McDonoxujh came up and anchored near, in obedience to my orders; 
she had been employed in aiding the Nantucket in getting to* sea, or I 
should have had her with me when I came up the nver. 

Nothing of importance occurred till the morning of the 16th instant, 
when the Pawnee and Marhlehmd being at anchor near Tom GrimbalFs, 
a heavy fire was opened on us, which, from the impossibility of bring- 
ing our guns to bear in the narrow channel, and the danger of the 
ship taking the bottom, I deemed it prudent to drop down the river, 
where 1 could have more room and could bring mv guns to bear 
eflfectively; the wheel being disabled by splinters rendered our situa- 
tion for a few minutes (»xtremely perilous, as, had we taken the bot- 
tom, we should have been exposed to a mking fire from the enemy's 
batteries, but w^ith little chance to reply with a sufficient number of 
guns to drive them off. In the necessity which compelled me to drop 
down the river, I have the very great satisfaction of knowing that 
we were enabled to render the most important assistance to the troops 
of General Terry, who telegraphed that the enemv was advancing m 
force, and wished me to open fire upon them, which we did, and so 
effectively as to prevent their advance by a causewav in such force as 
would have in all probability led to the capture of our troops; our 
fire was so accumte and so rapid that the enemy, though he endeavored 
to do so, could not advance to attack our troops on James Island in 
the direction of our fire. 

1 was greatly rejoiced on visiting General Terry at his headquarters 
during the afternoon to learn from him and his staff the very great 
assistance we had rendered his forces in the morning. ^ He was attacked 
in a most spirited manner, and with artillery, a few minutes before the 
enemy opened on us, and I have learned through rebel prisoners that 
the design of the enemy in making this combined attack was to disable 
the Pawnee and thereby prevent her giving support to the division of 
General Terry, and thus, bv bringing a greatly superior force against 
him, they hoped to defeat him. The position I assumed, and within 
reach of the enemy's batteries, enabled me to thwart anv such design. 
AX'e continued our fire till General Terry telegraphed that the enemy 
had retreated, and that his pickets* had advanced to the old positions. 

To Lieutenant-Conmiander Scott, of the 3farhleh<'ad^ his officers and 
crew, I desire to testify my obligations for the efficient sup^^rt given 



SOUTH ATLAOTIO BLOCKADING 8QUADB0N. 349 



me. His vessel was struck two or three times. The small nmnber of 
hits I attribute to the fact of the Pamnee's intercepting shots which 
would otherwise have struck his vessel, and the channel being so nar 
row that he could not take a position where he could fire effectivelv. 
I am repairing the damages done to the Paumee speedily as the 
small force of carpenters can. 

On the afternoon of the 16th instant 1 was informed by General 
Terry that the object aimed at in the advance on James island had 
been successfully accomplished, and also that he should, under cover 
of darkness, embark his troops. I therefore disposed the naval force 
to the best advantage for covering the embarkation and sent boats to 
assist. The troops were embarked, and on the afternoon of the 17th 
instant I proceeded down the Stono to mv former anchorage in Stono 
Inlet with the vessels under my command. 

I r^ret to report that John B. Patterson (landsman), who was mor- 
tally wounded in the action, died at 9 a. m. that morning. He was 
baned on Cole's Island. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

Geo. B. Balch, 
Commander and Senior Officer Present. 

Bear- Admiral J. A. Dahlgren, 

Oomdg. Sov/th Atlantic Bhckading Squadron^ off Morrus Island. 



Scport of Commander Baleh, IT. 8. Navy, eommanding U. 8. 8. Pawnee, regarding the 

Are of that vessel. 

U. S. Steam Sloop Pawnee, 
Stono Inlet^ South Carolina^ August 11^ 1863. 
Admiral: I have the honor to report in obedience to 3'our order of 
July 22, through Lieutenant- Commander O. C. Badger, ordnance 
ofiBcer, South Atlantic Blockading Squadron, the following as the tiring 
which has been made on board the Pawnee since the commencement of 
the recent operations, viz: 



Date. 


Rounds 
fired. 


fnt^l 


Object. 


July 9 
11 
16 


19 
17 
80 


None. 
None. 
46 


YardB 
2,400 

1,700 to 2,700 

500 


— 

To clear the woodfl of the enemy, to land our troops 

on James Island, South Carolina. 
To clear the woods of the enemy, to advance our left 

on Jam^ Island. 
To drive rebel batteries off which had opened on iw, 

and to prevent advance of rel)el troops to attack 

our troops on James Island under General Terry. 

This was accomplished by our fire. 



Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

Geo. B. Balch, 
Commander and Senior Officer Present. 

Bear- Admiral J. A. Dahlgren, 

Comma/nding South Atlantic Blockading Sqxiadron. 



350 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING 8QUADBON. 




SOUTH ATLAimO BLOCKADING 8QUADBOK. 



351 



Beport of Brigadier-Oeneral Terry, IT. 8. Army. 

Headquarters First Division, Tenth Corps, 

James M<Lnd^ Smith Carolina^ July 16^ 1863. 

Major: This morning at about 4 o'clock, the enemy made an attack 
apon the forces under my command and upon the vessels of war in the 
Stono River. They first brought down into the woods near Grimball's 
what I suppose to have been two field batteries and opened fire upon 
the Pmcnee. Immediately thereafter they advanced four regiments 
of infantry, accompanied by artillery, upon the right of my line, drove 
in the outposts and supports, and commenced a severe tiro from their 
guns. At the same time a strong body of infantrv and cavalry, with 
a battery, drove in our outposts on the left l)eyona the causeway lead- 
ing to (jrimbalFs, and attempted to debouch in front of my left. My 
troops were speedily under arms, and as soon as the pickets were m, 
I opened on the enemy from Rockwell's battery and the armed trans- 
ports Mayfltnoer and John Adams, 

The naval vessels also opened a most effective fire upon mj^ left. 
The enemy unable to endure t*^e concentric fire to which they were 
^exposed, fell back and retreated. I have now reestablished mv out- 
posts on the old ground. I learn from prisoners now in my liands 
Umt the attacking force on mv right consisted of the Sixth, Nineteenth, 
Fifty-fourth, and Fifty-sixth Georgia Regiments; that on my left of 
North Carolina and perhaps South Carolina troops. I have as yet no 
detailed report of casualties, but I think our los^s is about 50 killed and 
wounded. 

I desire to express my obligations to Captain Balch, U. S. Navy, 
commanding the naval forces in the river, for the very great assistance 
he rendered to me, and to report to the commanding geneml the good 
services of Captain Rockwell and his battery and the steadiness and 
soldierly condiict of the Fifty-fourth Massachusetts Regiment, who 
were on duty at the outposts on the right, and met the brunt of the 
attack. 

I am, major, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

Alf. H. Terry, 
Brigadier' Oeneral,, Commanding Div^ision. 

Major E. W. SMirn, 

Jjisistant A^vtant' General^ Department of the South. 



Abftraet log of the IT. 8. 8. Pawnee, Commander Balch, IT. 8. Havy, Commanding. 

July 16^ 1863. — From 4 to 8: At 4:40 the enemy opened fire with 
field artillery from Tom Grimball's house; sprung the rattle and 
replied immediately with Nos. 3 and 4, the only guns that would bear 
on the enemy, slipped the cable, put the helm hard to starboard and 
opened fire with the whole port batter\% firing 5-second fuzes; finding 
the guns could not bear effectively, stood down the next reach and 
opened fire with rifles. At 5: 50 General Terry signaled to fire across 
the causeway and repel the enemy's advance ;openca again with the port 
battery, firing 15-second fuzes at extreme elevation in the direction 
designated and still firing with the rifles at the ailillery at Grimball's 
Landing; the shell explomng right amongst them, the ervemv TeU'eatj^d. 
At 7 Ctenend Terry signaled to cease firing. ExauiineOL me ^)^vp oxiV 
ude and found ber struck thirty-three times. 



352 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



July 17, — At Stono Inlet. From 8 to meridian: At 10 heavy firine 
at Fort Wagner, from the fleet, and the batteries on Morris Island 
At 11 the last of the troops left James Island and went down the river. 



Letter from Commander Baloh, IT. 8. Navy, to the diief signal offloer, ^tuy 
Lieutenant Brodie, IT. 8. Army. 

U. S. Steam Sloop Pawnee, 
Stoiw Inlets Smith Ca/rdima^ Augmt 11^ 186S. 
Sir: 1 have great pleasure in testifying to the most important and 
^ valuable services rendered by Lieutenant Paul Brodie, acting signal 
officer, during the recent operations in the Stono by a oivision under 
command of General Terry. 

Lieutenant Brodie was assigned to the Pawnee^ under my command, 
and I gladly testify not only to his energy, zeal, and intelligence, but 
to his great coolness under a very hot fire from the enemy's batteries 
upon the Pavmee^ in which she was struck nearly fifty times, bat 
furthermore to his accurate reports to General Terry. We were enabled 
to not only stop an advance of a heavy force against the general, but 
we were able to cause a speedy retreat of the enemy. 

I therefore deem it but fair to make this statement in favor of Lieu- 
tenant Brodie, and I trust he may be appointed to the Signal Corps 
now being organized in the Army. 

Very respectf ull}^ your ooedient servant, 

Geo. B. Balch, 
Commander^ U. S. Navy^ and Senior Officer present. 
Colonel A. J. Myer, 

Chief Signal Officer^ U. S. Amiy. 



Report of Colonel Radoliifo, C. 8. Army. 

James Island, South Carolina, July 17^ 1863. 
Captain: I respectfully beg leave to submit the following report of 
the engagement by the troops under my command with the XJ. o. sloop 
of war Paimee and one other gunboat (name not known^ near Grim- 
balPs Landing, on the Stono Kiver, on Thursday morning, the 16th 
instant: 

On Wednesday night, at 12 o'clock, in obedience to instructions 
from the general commanding, I moved with my regiment (Sixty-first 
North Carolina Troops) toward the Artillery Crossroads, where I was 
joined by a section of the Chatham Artillery, Captain [J. F.l Wheaton 
commanding, and a section of Captain [F. D.] Blake's artillery, con- 
sisting in all of four Napoleon guns, under the immediate command of 
Lieutenant-Colonel Del. Kemper, C. S. Army. The siege train of 
three rifled ^uns, which was to form part of the column of attack, 
being delay ea by some cause, I thought it proper to put the troops in 
march, throwing forward 200 men of the Sixty-first North Carolina 
Troops, to be used as skirmishers against the enemy's line of pickets, 
under the immediate command of Major Henry Harding. The whole 
column moved from the crossroads aown the Grimball road about 8 
o'clock on the morning of the 16th, in the direction of the point sup- 
posed to l>e occupied by a force of the enemy's infantry and com- 
manded bj the ^uns of two formidable veaaela. Oxv ^xtWm^Vbt thft field 
adjacent to the Giimball Landing, 1 caused iiAwto^ \Tk 



dO0TH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



35.^ 



be deployed as skirmishers on the skirt of the woods contiguous and for 
a distance of several hundred yards on either side of the road leading 
to the landing. 

The li^ht oatteries under Del. Kemper had received orders to 
advance simultaneously with the line of skirmishers, followed by the 
remainder of the Sixty-first Noith Carolina Troops as an infantry 
support. 

At the first dawn of day the command was given to advance, the 
troops, infantry and artillery, moving up boldly and eagerly to the 
attack. So prompt and silent were they in taking their positions that 
the whole attack proved a complete 8urpri.se, our batteries having 
fired about six times before the Pawnee, the most formidable of the 
two boats, could prepare for action. The rapidity and accuracy with 
which our batteries fired on this ocaxsion has scarcely been equaled in 
artillery practice, more than one-third of the missiles discharged from 
our guns taking effect on the Pawnee,^ a fact easily ascertained by the 
crasning of her timbers and confusion and cries of her crew. Both 
boats finally withdrew beyond the range of our guns, the Pamnee sup- 
posed/to lie very seriously crippled and the other boat more or less 
damaged. 

The infantry, who were disappointed in not meeting the enemy on 
land, were, nevertheless, exposea during the entire action to a galling 
fire of shell and canister from the gunboats, and showed, both officers 
and men, by their proximity to danger that they would never desert the 
batteries. 

Much credit is due to the skill and coolness of Lieutenant-Colonel 
Del. Kemper in the disposition of the artillery for action, and also to 
Captains Wheaton and Blake for the efficiency attained in the instruc- 
tion of their respective commands, as shown in the serious damage 
sustained by the gunboats. 

Officers and men, although exposed to a most galling fire, performed 
their duty well. 

The siege train participated in the latter jmrt of the engagement, 
but under unfavorable circumstances. 

1 regret to have to report 1 man mortally and another slightly 
wounded in Company F, Sixty-first North Carolina Troops. No other 
casualties occurred. 

I have the honor to be, captain, your most obedient servant, 

Jas. D. Radcliffe, 

Coloiiely Commanding, 

Captain P. K. Moloxy, 

As»i%tant Adjutant- Genet al. 



Order of the Secretary of the Navy to the commandant nary yard,, 
PhUadelphm,^ regarding the Hchoontr Hope, 

Navy Department, July 17,, 1S03, 
Sib: Send the schooner Hope batrk to the South Atlantic Squadron, 
with orders to report to liea^-- Admiral Dahlgrcn. 
Very respectfully, etc., 

Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of the Navy, 

Commodore C. K. Stribling, 

ammatidant Nairy Yard^ Philmlelphia. 



854 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADBON. 



Rejx/i't of Li eutmant- Commander Bun<^^ U. S. Navy^ regarding a 
reconnaissance in Charleston Harbor. 

U. S. S. New Ironsides, July 17, 1863. 
Sir: I have the honor to report that last night 1 proceeded up 
toward Charleston, pullincf in at 1) j). ni. along Sullivan's Island beach, 
passing Battery Jtee. Wnen near the mouth of the cove we were pre- 
vented from further progress by the rebel picket boats. Returning, 
I went in with the intention of ptissing between Gregg and Sumter. 
I was hailed and brought to hy the army pickets, Landmg, 1 informed 
the commanding officer of my object and recxjived the army counter- 
sign, which it is important I should have, to pass the line of the army 
pickets, which consist of three l>oats. The delay^ 'occasioned prevented 
me getting up much farther. I sjiw no new objects, and, as near as I 
couM judge in the intense darkness and i-ain, the rebel pickets were 
not out. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

F. M. BuNCE, 
Lieutenant' Cmnmander. 

Rear- Admiral John A. Dahi/jren, 

Commanding South Atlantic Blockading Squadron. 



Bimhirdmi'nt of Fort War/ner^ Jxdy 18^ 1863^ with preliminary cor- 

re»ponaenc€. 

[Telegram.] 

Flag-Steamer Augusta Dinsmore, 
Off Morris Island^ South Carolina^ Jidy 1863 — 6:Ji5j>. m. 
General: Will you begin to-morrow morning as intended, and at 
what time do you begin to fire? When will the assault be made? I 
wish the vessels to open fire as soon as the batteries. Please answer 
immediately, as I wisn to complete my arrangements. 

J. A. Dahloren, 
Rear-Adjiiiral^ Conidg. South Atlantic Blockading Squadron. 

General Q. A. Gillmore, 

Commatuliny Department oftlve South. 



[TeleRram.] 

Flag-Steamer Augusta Dinsmore, 
Off Morris Island^ South Carolina^ July 1863—8:45 p. m. 
General: J am preparing for the combined attack. Will 5'our 
batteries open in the morning it 

J. A. Dahix»ben, 

Rear-Admiral. 

Geneml Q. A. Gillmore, 

Commanding BejHirtment of the South. 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 355 

Ordar of BMur^Adaiial Balilgro]!, TT. 8. Navy, to Captain Taylor, TT. 8. Navy, regarding 

the asMmbling of pilots. 

Steamer Augusta Dinsmore, 
Off M<yn^is Island, July 1863. 
Sib: Captain Taylor will cause to be procured and aHHcmbled all 
pilots or persons capable of acting as sucn for the servicte of our ves- 
sels on the 16th instant. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

J. A. Dahi^ren, 
Rear- Admiral^ Comdg. South Atlantic Blockading Squaurmi. 

Captain W. R. Taylor, 

Fleet Captain. 



Ltttnr from Bear-Admiral Dahlgren, IT. 8. Navy, to Brigadier-General Oillmore, IT. 8. 
Army, regarding oooperation. 

Steamer Augusta Dinsmore, 
Off Morris Island^ Sooth Carolina^ July 1863. 
Dear Sir: Your communication* of the 14th has been received. 
I am glad to hear that you are able to fix a day for the attack on 
Fort Wagner and will assist to the extent of my means. 

The Ironsides was to have been brought in yesterday evening, being 
the first high tide that admitted of her crossing the bar since our 
arrival here, but there was too much sea, as well as to-day. 

I have no fancy for long range, but am perfectly of the opinion that 
short ranges are preferable, and will therefore direct every vessel to 
approach as near as possible without gi'ounding. 

The Ironsides (if she can be got in), four monitoi-s, and all the gun- 
boats disposable will be brought to bear. You will, of course, let me . 
hear from you further on the subject. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

J. A. Dahlgren, 
Recur- Admiral^ Comdg. South Atlantic Blockading Squadron. 

Brigadier-General Q. A. Gillmore, 

Commanding Department of the South. 



Order of Bear-Admiral Dahlgren, IT. 8. Navy, to Captain Taylor, U. 8. Navy, regarding 

the XT. 8. 8. Hew Ironiides. 

Steamer Augusta Dinsmore, 
Off Morris Island^ South Carolina, July 1863. 
Sir: To-morrow morning Captain Taylor will take such i)ilots as we 
have and proceed to the bar before high water to ascertain if it be 
possible to bring the Inmsides, and all preparations will be made for 
that purpose in case it should be practicable. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

J. A. Dahlgren, 
Rear- Admiral^ Comdg. South Atlantic Blockading Squadron. 

Captain W. R Taylor, 

J'leeif Gaptai7i. 



♦Not found. 



356 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADBON. 



Letter from Kear-Admiral Dahlspren, 17. 8. Navy, to Brigadier-Ctaaral Oillaiore, V. t 
Army, regarding a possible postponement of the attaek. 

Steamer Augusta Dinsmore, 
Off M(yrri^ Mmd^ South Carolina^ Jvly 16^ 1863. 
General: There being only 16i feet of water on tiie bar this morn- 
ing at high tide, and much sea, the Troiiddes could not cross. Should 
this occur again this evening, I desire to suggest the postponement of 
the attack for twenty-four hours in order to make further efforts to 
get in this vessel. 

The delay must be of greater advantag;e to us than to the enemy, as 
it will double the number of guns in action from ironclads. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

J. A. Dahlgben, 

Rear- Admiral^ Comdg. South Atlantic Bl<)ck^ing 8qu^ 

Brigadier-General Q. A. Gillmore, 

Cmiinimiding Department of the South. 



Order of Rear- Admiral Dahlgren, U. 8. Navy, to the senior ofioer off Charleston, e^joinlBf 
vigilanoe against attack of the enemy npon the vessels ontside. 

Flag-Steamer Augusta Dinsmore, 
Off Morris Island^ South Carolina^ July 15 ^ 1863. 
Sir: As the Iromides is now within the bar, renewed vigilance will 
be required to observe any attempt of the enemy's ironclads to pass 
out and attack the wooden vessels. 

If such should occur, the vessel which observes it will show three 
rockets in rapid succession and the other vessels will repeat. 

One of the monitors held in readiness for such an emergency will be 
towed out at on(^e to engage, seconded by another, if necessary. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

J. A. Dahlgben, 
Rear- Admiral^ Comd<j. South Atlantic Blockading Squadron. 

Senior Officer, off Charlenton Bnr^ South CarcUna. 



Circular of instructions f^om Bear-Admiral Dahlgren. IT. 8. Navy. 

Flao-Steamer Augusta Dinsmobe, 

Off Morris Island, July 15 , 1863. 
A joint attack is to be made on Fort Wagner on the morning of the 
16th instant. 

The Irmisid^^s, CatskUl, Montauk, Nantucket, and Weehawken will 
l>e placed as ne^r to the work as the}- will float, the Fronsides in direction 
of the buoy oflf Fort Wagner, the "turrets'' not more than 100 yards 
apart, and inshore of her. 

The firing is to be as rapid as possible and. the smoothbore ^uns arc 
to be laid level, so as to reach the fort and ricochet. The nfle euns 
must fire direct, as their projectiles are useless on ricochet. If the 
5-second fuzes are too long, cut them; if too short, cut the lO-second. 

In order to facilitate rapidity of fire in the turrets, it will be better 
not to turn them, but to trust to the port stoppers,^ and also to anchor 
the vessels, unless there be good roasou tox notao\Tv%TO V^^»^iT^\\^^ 



SOUTH- ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



357 



The marines are to be kept in boats alongside the Irons^ldes^ ready to 
go ashore if an opportunity presents. 

As soon as the ironclads are fully engaged the gunboats will close 
in and use g^PJ^ with double the elevation for shells and 20 pounds of 
powder in tne Al-inch and rifled 8-inch. 

The greatest care is to be taken to cease fire on the fort when our 
troops approach it for assault. 

Jno. a. Dahtxjren, 
Sear-Admiral^Corndg. South Atlantic Blochidlmj Sqiuidmn. 

P. S. — By request of General Gillmore, the attack on Fort Wagner 
is postponed till the morning of the 17th instant. 

Memoranda Jirr mmciads. 

1. At 6 a. m. to-morrow (July 17) the vessels and batteries open fire. 

2. Ironclads, to be in position ))y that time, should be underway 
about 5:15 a. m. 

3. Admiral will lead, other vessels follow, with or without signal, 
as nearly as convenient in the order of seniority. 

4. The United States flag shown on the betwh opposite the advancing 
battery is the signal that tne troops are about to move to the assault; 
will be understood that all firing must cease by the time they reach 
the fort 

5. The guard flag shown from the flagship is the signal for the 
marines to close up. 

6. The Keokuk'^s distinguishing pennant (ironclad code) is assigned 
to the Ironsides. 

N. B. — ^The attack on Fort Wagner was postponed by General Gill- 
more to the morning of the 18th, on account or the weather. 

Lieutenant Brower, of the Ifomatanic, will be stationed at a promi- 
nent point on Morris Island to obsen^e the fire from the ironclads, and 
signalize any inaccuracies of mnge. 

To indicate that a vessel is firing over, a triangular blue pennant 
will be shown on a staff at the signal station, and at the same time the 
naval signal flag, indicating the vessel's" number, will be shown on 
another staff at tne same place. 

To indicate that a vessel is firing^ short, a triangular red pennant will 
be shown in like manner as prescribed for the blue. 

The following numbers are assigned to the vessels opposite whose 
names they are set : 

1. Ironsides. 4. Nantucket. 

2. Catskill. 5. Weehawken. 

3. Montauk. (>. Patapsco. 



X«port of Bear-Admiral Bahlgren, TT. 8. Navy, announcing the postponement of attack 
and requesting suppUes of men and sheUs. 

No. 13.] Flag-Steamer Augusta Dinsmore, 

Of Morris Island, July 17, 1863. 

Sir: Under date of the 12th instant, I informed you ttiat lienenil 
Gillmore and myself were in occupation of the lower half of Morris 
Islmid and the main Ship Channe/. 

Since that I have been occupied with measures for coutlnuiu^ th<i 
t^dvaDoe and have the Ironsides, with five turret ironcAsLdft^ \\v&\&. >3ckfc 
bar. 



358 SOTTTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING 8QUABBON. 



The attack on Fort Wa^er was to have taken place on the 16th, 
but was postponed to this day, as the shore batteries were not ready. 
A very heavy rain through the night has, however, interfered vrith 
the progress ashore and the general now says he will be ready to-mor- 
row morning. 

The number of men required to fill complements of vessels in this 
squadron is very considei-able. Being insiae the bar, giving my per- 
sonal attention to operations, therefore at some distance from the flaj^- 
ship, 1 am unable to state the number precisely; my recollection is 
that at least 1,000 men are required. Ma}' 1 asK to have this numlier 
supplied with all dispatch, as the labor is very arduous, in addition to 
ordinary duties, the men in the small vessels firing through the day 
and Wockadinff at night, together with boat detachments for dutV 
inside. 1 would like also to have about 500 marines under a good oflS- 
cer; there will l)e occasion for them. A general muster brought 
together only 280 men yesterday, under three very young first lieu- 
tenants, which throws out one of mv calculations. 

I would also ask that the Schenkle and Hotchkiss shells be hurried 
forward; those we have only waste powder and cannon. The coal is 
so short also that 1 have had to lK)rrow 500 tons from the Arm}-. 

I write in haste, as a steamer is now off the bar, which is supposed 
to be l)ound north, and my whole attention is given to our work 
to-morrow. 

General Gillmore should have more men; a note from him this 
morning says that he has evacuated James Island. An attack was 
made on us 3'esterday at Stono, but repulsed. The Pmonee wiw hit 
forty-two times. 
I nave the honor to be, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

Jno. a. Dahlqren, 
Rear-Adiynral,, Comd^. South Atlantic Blockading Squacbmn. 

Hon. Gideon Wklles, 

Secretary of the Navy^ Washiyigton^ D. C. 



Circular of initmotioni ftrom Bear-Admiral Dahlgren, IT. 8. IfaTj. 

Flao-Steamer Augusta Dinsmore, July 18, 1863. 

Memoranda for woodm gunboats. 

All the wooden vessels will be under the immediate command of the 
senior officer present, commanding that class of vessel, and they will 
follow his motions unless otherwise specially directed by the admiral. 

Mem(minda No, i?, for ironciath. 

The following additions are ordered to be made temporarily to the 
naval signal book: 

438. Come inside the bar unless there be danger. 

431). Careful, be, not to injure our own troops. 

S42. Order, immediate execution of, require<i. 

1011. lieturn to station outside the l>ar unless there he danger in 
crossing. 

1140. Shot, your, are going over. 

1J4L Shot, your, are falling short. 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



359 



■Ltttar frm BrigadiM-Geiieral Gillmore, IT. 8. Army, to Sear-Admiral Dahlspren, U. 8. 

IfaTj. 

[July] 18, [1863]. 

Deab Adbhral: I have ordered an assault. If it is successful will 
YOU please keep a monitor abreast of Wagner to-night, with patrol 
boats out, to prevent the enemy annoying our troops in advance of 
Wagner? 

GiLOIOKE. 



Seport of Sear-Admiral Dahlgpren, U. 8. Navy. 

Flag-Steamer Augusta Dinsmore, 

Off Morris Island, July 19, 1863, 
Sir: On the 18th a combined attack was made on Fort Wagner by 
the troops under General Gillmore and the vessels of my command. 

The 16th had been originally agreed on, but the shore batteries were 
not fully prepared before the 183i. 

. At 11.30 a. m. I made signal to get underway from the anchorage 
near the bar, and led up wim my flag in the Mimtauh^ followed by the 
Ironsides^ CatskiU^ Nantxtcket^ Weehawken^ and Patapsco. About 
12:30 p. m. anchored the Montauk abreast of Fort Wagner and tired 
the first gun, which was immediately followed from the other vessels. 
With an ebbing tide the pilot did not deem it prudent to approach 
nearer than the inner edge of the channel, and the least distance at 
this time was about 1,200 yards. Meanwhile the gunboats Paul 
Jones^ Commander A. C. Khind; Ottawa, Lieutenant-Commander 
W. D. Whiting; Seneca^ Lieutenant-Commander William Gibson; 
Chippewa^ Lieutenant-Commander T. C. Harris, and WissaMckov^ 
Lieutenant-Commander J. L. Davis, under charge of Commander 
Rhind, were using the pivot guns with effect at long range, and our 
batteries ashore were firing very deliberately and steadilv. About 4 
p. m., the tide flowing, weighed anchor and closed in with the fort to 
about 300 yards, which silenced it so that for this day not a shot was 
fired afterwards at the vessels, nor was a man to be seen about it. 

It was nearly sunset when I received a note from Geneml Gillmore 
saying that he had ordered an assault, and we could see the battalions 
advancing along the beach. There might have been a thousand yards 
between our nearest shore batteries and Fort Wagner, and before our 
troops had reached the works it became too dark to discern them. To 
this moment an incessant and accurate tire had been maintained by the 
vessels, but now it was impossible to distinguish whether it took effect 
on friend or foe, and of necessitv was suspended. Very soon after- 
wards the rattle of musketry and the flashes of light artillery announced 
that our men were mounting to the attack; this continued without 
intermission till 9:30 p. m., gradually decreased, and then died away 
altogether. The ill tidings of a repulse were not long in coming; 
after the lapse of an anxious hour common report told me that the 
assault had been repulsed with severe loss. 

It now only remains to prosecute the work with patience and perse- 
verance. ^ At the same time I can not forbear repeating my opinion 
that the number of troops is inadequate; the officers atvd m^w 
oua Aod labor bard, Tbe fi'enenil plans are weW eonecw^^^WV* 
MB to my wind, a manileat Tack of force. 



360 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADBOK. 



This morning I sent a boat ashore with Flag-Lieutenant S. W. Pres- 
ton and Surgeon Duvall, under a flag of truce, to ascertain if our 
wounded had been cared for, and to oner to take charge of them; it 
was also impossible to renew our fire if any of them remained on the 
ground. Lieutenant Preston reported that some of the dead and 
wounded were still lying about the works where they had fallen, and 
that the offer was declined, the answer being that the dead would be 
buried and the wounded properly' provided for. 

There being nothing more possible for the day, 1 caused the turret 
vessels to drop down out of range, so that the men might have some 
fresh air below, and the Ironsides also, inasmuch as she lay stem to 
the fort, without a gun bearing. 

The conduct of officers and men is entitled to every commendation. 
Captain Rowan, of the Ironsides; Commander Rodgers, of the Catskill; 
Commander Fairfax, of the M<mtauk; Commander Beaumont, of the 
Nantucket^ and Lieutenant-Commander Badger, whom I assigned tem- 

Eorarily to the command of the Patapsco^ did their duty well, and 
andlea their vessels in the narrow channel and shoal water with grea^ 
skill. The spirit of the men was excellent, neither the incessant Tabor 
of action by day or blockade by night, nor the privations of inhabiting 
turret vessels, checked their earnest determination, and they worked 
the cannon with great effect, as the silenced guns of the enemy makes 
manifest. The officers of my staff were, as usual, assiduous in the dis- 
charge of their duties. 

The vessels were well piloted by Acting-Masters Godfrey and Haf- 
fards. The 100-pounder Parrott of the Paid Jones gave way at the 
seventy -eighth fire to-day. I am not informed of the use to which it 
had been subjected. The 150-pounder Parrott in the Patap9CO was 
also cracked at the muzzle. 

In conclusion, permit me to say that on this occasion the vessels did 
all that was intended or could be expected from them — they silenced 
the fort and forced the garrison to keep under shelter. 

At the same time, the loss sustained by our troops bears witness to 
the persevering gallantr}'^ with which tliey endeavored to storm the 
work, and which deserved the success that will, I trust, reward a 
renewed effort. 

I have the honor to bo, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

Jno. a. Dahlgben, 

jReaV' Admiral^ Cmndfj, South Atlantic Blockading Squadnm. 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secretary oftlie Navy^ Washington^ D, C. 



Seport of Commander Rodgen, U. 8. Navy, eommanding V. 8. 8. OatikiU. 

U. S. Ironclad Catskill, 
Off Morris Island^ South Carolina^ July 18, 1863. 
Sir: I have the honor to inform you that in obedience to signal from 
the flagship I got underway at 11:52 this day and followed the Man- 
t^iuk^ bearmg your flag, standing up the channel in the direction of 
Fort Wagner. Ari'ivine withm range, opened at 12:44 with my 
Xl'incb gun upon Fort Wagner, and ftoon aiX^x, wv^otvii\^Sxi\^ 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



361 



of water, some 800 yards from the fort, continued my fire until dusk, 
when, the troops aavancing to the assault, I fired rapidly into the 
fort, and then, following the motions of the Ir(m.nd<>Hy ceased firing. 
Shortly after 8:15, in obedience to your order, got underway and 
proceeided out into the channel, anchoring near the Ironsides, 

I have fired this day, 47 XV-inch shell, 63 Xl-inch shell, 12XI-inch 
shrapnel, 1 Xl-inch canister, 1 Xl-inch grape; total, 124. 

My Xl-inch shelly and shi*apnel being nearly expended, I reserved 
the remainder until just before the assault. The vessel was not struck 
during the daj', and 1 have no casualties to report. 

I beg leave to call your attention to the ze^il, energy, and tact shoTvn 
by the executive of this vessel, Lieutenant-Commander C. C. Carpen- 
ter, the good result of which is shown by the cheerfulness and alacrity 
of the officers and crew. 

I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

G. W. KODGERS, 

Ccmntuwder. 

Bear- Admiral J. A. Dahlgken, 

Conumnding Smith AtUintic Blockading Squddrm. 



Btport of Comnuuider CoUionn, V. 8. Navy, oommanding U. 8. 8. Weehawken, regarding 

ammunition expended. 

U. S. Ironclad Steamer Weehawken, 
Off Morris M<t)ul^ South Caroltva^ July 19^ 1863. 
Sir: The following is an account of ammunition expended on board 
this vessel during the engagements of the lOth, 11th, and 18th 
instant, viz: 



XV-inch Dahlgren: 

July 10, siiell 50 

11, shell 12 

is, shell 61 123 

Fl^viously 20 



Total 143 

Xl-inch Dahlgren: 

July 10, shell 86 

11, shell 25 

18, shell 84 

18, shrapnel 5 

18, solid shot 1 201 

Previously 20 



Total 221 



Very respectfully 3'our obedient servant, 

Edmd. R. Colhoun, 

Co)n7n(nid€r. 

Rear- Admiral Jno. A. Dahlgren, 

Comdg. South Atlantic Blockading Squadron ^ off Morris Island. 



862 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOOKADINO SQUABBON. 

Seport of Captain Sowan, V. 8. Vavy, oommanding V. 8. 8. V«w Inmiidaa, regarding 

ammunition expended. 

U. S. S. New Ironsides, 

Off Cfharleston^ S. CI, Jidy 19, 1863. 
Sib: I have to repoi*t the following expenditure of ammunition yes- 
terday (18th) during the boiQbardment of Fort Wagner: 



• Xl-inch: 

lO-second shell 150 

7-Becond shell 500 

5-8econd shell 15 

5-8econd shrapnel 20 

15-pound charges 685 

150-pounder rifle: 

Shell 125 

15-pound charges 125 



I have the honor to be, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

S. C. Rowan, 
Captam, Camfnanding, 

Rear- Admiral Jno. A. Dahlgren, 

Conidg, South Atlantic. Blockhding Squadron^ off Charleston. 



Beport of Acting Kaater ICaiei, U. 8. Navy, regarding ammnnition expended on the V. 8. 1. 

Vantneket 

U. S. Ironclad Steamer Nantucket, 

Off CharUston, 8. CI, July 19, 1803. 
Ammunition expended in the engagement with Fort Wagner on the 
18th instant: 



85-pound charges for XV-inch gun 33 

15-pound charges for Xl-inch gun 44 

20-pound charges for Xl-inch gun 4 

5-sccond shell for XV-inch gun 5 

7-8econd shell for XV-inch gun 7 

lO-second shell for XV-inch gun 16 

15-8econd shell for XV-inch gun 5 

5-8econd shell for Xl-inch gun 12 

7-second shell for Xl-inch gun 10 

10-second shell for Xl-inch gun 16 

15-8econd shell for Xl-inch gun 10 



Very respectfully, 

Wm. H. Maies, 

Acting Master and Ordmance Ofioer. 

Commander J. C. Beaumont, 

U. S. S. Nantucket. 



Order of Bear-Admiral Dahlgren, V. 8. Navy, acknowledging the lealons aorfioe of the 
commanding ol&een of TeMeli. 

Flag-Steameb Dinsmore, 
Off Morris Island, Jidy 180, 1863. 
I take pleasure in acknowledging the zealous services of Captain 
S. C. Rowan, Commander George W. Rodgers, Commander D. McN. 
Fairfax, Commander J. C. Beaumont, Commander E. B. Colhoun, 
Cownmndcr A. C. Khind, Lieutenant-CoiumatvdL^T \<i\Yynedl V^.^^VsJvXr 
j'nj^, LieutcnaDt'Comimndev William G\bTOi\, lA^xAfe^^^^^^H»xA«t 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 363 



O. C. Badger, Lieutenant-Commander T. C. Harris, Lieutenant- 
Commander J. L. Davis, their officers and crews, engaged in the 
operations of the 18th instant against Fort AV^agner. 

The fire was very efficient and the vessels performed the task allotted 
to them; they silenced the fort and drove the garrison to their shelter. 

J. A. Dahmren, 
Sear-Admiral^ Comnmndimj South Atlantic Blockadhuj Squadron, 



Xvport of Bear-Admiral Dahlgren, U. 8. Navy, regarding the capture of a medical officer 

from the n. 8. 8. Ottawa. 

No. 63.] Flag-Steamer Dinsmore, 

Off Morrin Jdand, August G, 1863. 
Sik: I have just received the first direct information of the capture 
of Doctor [John T.] Luck, the acting assistant surgeon of the Ottaica^ 
from a note addressed by him to the commander of the Ottawa; it is 
dated the 24th July, on the way to Columbia, S. C. He was one of 
several medical officers sent ashore on the 19th to assist in attending to 
our soldiers who had been wounded on the day before. 
I have the honor to be, very respectfully, your o]>edient servant, 

J. A. Daiil(jren, 
Hear- Admiral^ Comdij. South Atlantic Blockading Squad?*on. 

Hon. Gideon Weli.es, 

Secretajn/ofthe Nai^y^ WaHhinfjton^ D, C. 



Abatraet logs of the U. 8. iteamen Kontauk, New Ironiides, CatskUl, Nantucket, 
Fatapieo, PanlJonei, Ottawa, Seneca, Chippewa, and Wissahickon, July 18, 1868. 

U. S. S. Monta^ik. — At 5 a. m. the enemy opened fire on our picket 
boats and the picket boats returned. At 5 : 15 saw a large fire on shore. 
At 12: 10 p. m. the admiral and staff came on board. Stood up, leading 
the line of ironclads, and engaged Fort Wagner until 7:45 with shell, 
shrapnel, and grape. At anchor at distance varying from 1,0(K) to 
1,600 yards as the action progressed. Silenced the fort, and at 7: 45 
the army made an assault. 'Were hit three times on the turret and once 
on deck! Expended 92 rounds from Xl-inch and 52 from XV-inch. 
At 9 the admiral and staff left the ship. Moved down and anchored 
near the Ironsides. 

U. S. S, New IransideA. — First two hours wind S. W. ; last two hours 
squally with hea\'y rain squalls. At 8 a. m. wind W., force 1, weather 
cloudv, squally, rain. At 8:80 four gunboats commenced shelling 
Fort XVagner. At 9 adminil made signal prepare for action. From 
meridian to 4 p. m: Light airs from land; passing clouds. At 12: 15 
p. m. admiral made signal from the Augusta Din^morc^ got underway 
and stood up the channel with the ironclad fleet, the Montauk leading, 
with the admiral's flag, this ship being second in line. At 12: 57 opened 
on Fort Wagner with 150-pounaer rifle. At 1 : 12 opened on Fort vVag- 
ner with port broadside. At 1 :20 came to with port anchor, firing at 
Fort Wagner with port broadside, using 10 and 7 second shells, occasion- 
ally working en jrine and holm to keep broadside V^eaving . Y 
Wagner distant 1,40() yards. Fort Sumter, U m^J^^^ 
If IT B—VOL 14 24 



364 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOOKADINO SQUADRON. 



conii)as.s. From 4 to G p. m.: Calm and cloudy. Enragpng Fort 
Wagner. At 4:37 ship commenced to swing to tne floodtide, ceased 
firing for twenty minutes, and at 4: 55 connnenc^ firing with starboard 
broadside. At 5 opened from No. 4 gun with 5-secona shrapnel, with 
apparently good effect; Fort Wagner silenced about 4:45; the enemy 
driven into their l)ombproofs. Fi*om 6 to 8: Calm and cloudy. Con- 
tinued tiring till 7:40, when ceased firing, the admiral having sent 
orders to that effect l)y flag-lieutenant. At 7: 50 our troops advanced 
toward the fort, Fort Wagner firing field artillery down the )>cach and 
heavy volleys of musketry in and around the fort The ship was 
struck during the tu'tion ten times, four shots from Fort Wagner. 
During the action expended 6(55 Xl-inch shell, 15 shrapnel, 125 150- 
pounder rifle shell. The ironclads Montuuk^ Weehawh^^ Patamoo^ 
Kantut'Jcet^ and Gatsklll were engaged, together with this ship. From 
8 to midnight: Very heavy firing al>out Fort Wagner; infantry and 
artillery on the rebel side and infantry our side were hotly engaged, 
Fort Wagner firing nipidly down the beach. At 9 p. m. our troops 
were repulsed and fell back under cover of their battery. 

fL S. S, C-aUhilL — From 8 to meridian: At 8 a. m. the Ottawa got 
underway' and engaged Fort Wagner at long ran^e. At 9:20 the gun- 
boats WiifHahUhm, Paul Jimtn^ Sencva^ and Chippewa- got underway 
and engaged Fort Wagner at long range. At 11:45 all hands to quar- 
ters. Exixjnded in action 48 XV-inch shells, 04 Xl-inch shells, 12 
Xl-inch snnipnel, 2 stand of Xl-inch grape. 

U, jS. iV. A(i/itifchft.—Off Charleston. Midnight to 4 a. m., moder- 
ate breezes andovercast with heavy rain. Four to 8 a. m. : Light winds 
and variable, accompanied with heavy rain. At 4 a. m. made all nec- 
essary arrangements for going into action. At ceased raining, but 
remamed overcast. At 8 cleared off, with light ail's to the windward. 
At 11:45 slipixjd anchor and steamed toward Wagner. Meridian to 8 
p. m. : Standing for Wagner in company with all the ironclads and all the 
wooden gunboats. At 12: 43 p. m. fired the first shot and continued the 
action until 7:30, when we lired last shot and withdrew from action, 
Forts Wagner, Sumter, and Battery Bee replying slowlv. At 7:30 
p. m. our troops were seen charging on Wagner, and t6o tire from 
small arms and artillery was terrific. Fired during the action 48 Xl- 
inch and 33 XV-inch sfiells. At S came to anchor near the IroiwiiL-^ 
in 3i fathoms water with lo fathoms chain. Sumter tiring at inter- 
vals during the watcli from mortars. Eight to midnight: Moderate 
])r(»ezes and overcast. Musketry and big guns being fired eontinuallv 
during this watch between the (»neniv and our troops on Morris Island,. 

//. X S, PittapHvo, — From meridian to 4: At 12:20 flagship nmde 
signal to get underway and form line of Imttle. We took our station 
as fifth in line. At 12:30 called all hands to (luartew. At 1 com- 
menced action; at the second discliarg(» of the guns, in turning the tur- 
ret, two teeth broke of the pinion wheel. After the fifth discharge of 
the XV-inch gun, carried away the two after slides of the gun. Kept 
undei-way and fired by sheering tlie vessel. From 4 to 6 shelling Fort 
Wagn(»r. At 7:30 ceased tiring. 

[7. S, S, Paul Joins, — From 8 to meridian: At 8:45 wont in and 
engaged Battt^ry Wagnt^r; at 12 still engaged. From meridian to 4: 
At 12 tlui monitors went in action; at 2:30 our lOO-ix>under rifle, after 
firing 70 rounds, exploded. At 3:20 ceased tiring. From 4 to 6: At 



SOTJTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADBON. 



865 



6 got underway and reopened fire on Battery Wagner. At 7 made 
sienal to cease firinj^, anu at 7:40 the army advanced to storm Battery 
Wagner. We fired^during the engagement 70 shells from l(X)-pounder 
pivot, 51 from Xl-inch pivot, 12 from IX-inch broadside, ana 7 from 
SO-pounder rifle. 

U. S, S. Ottawa, — ^At 7:40 a. m. got underway and engaged Fort 
Wagner, opening fire with 150-pounder pivot gun and using 30-pounder 
Parrott and 12-pounder howitzer at intervals. At 9 a. m. anchored 
with spring to cable, engaging Fort Wagner. At 12:05, the admiral 
having transferred, his flag to the ironclad A', made signal to the 

OatsktU, Weehawken^ Nantucket^ and Patapseo (gunboats having been 
previously signaled), flagship.got underway and stood in toward Fort 
Wagner, followed by ironclads and the Inmsldes. At 12: lii got under- 
way. At 12:47 p. m. first gun fired from Iromldeit. At 12:55 p. m. 
continued firing with pivot gun and 30-pounder. At 2:30 ceiised fir- 
ing. At 5:20 txie Paul Jo7U'S signaled the gunboats to continue the 
action. Opened fire on the fort, shortening the range. At 7 p. m. 
ceatted firing, having apparently silenced the guns of Fort Wagner. 
At 7:30 the rederal troops made an attack upon the fort. Ammuni- 
tion expended: 68 150 pounder, 54 30-pouuder Parrott, and 22 12- 
pounder howitzer shells. 

U. aS. S. Smeca. -r-From 4 to 8 a. m.: Light breezes from the west- 
ward and squally. At 7 cleared off. At 8: 50 a. m. tug came within 
hail and said that we were to get underwav immediately and stand in 
range of rebel battery and open fire. At 9:15 got underway and 
stood in range of Fort Wagner. At 7 a. m. ceased firing; steamed 
down the channel. Expended during the day 54 Xl-incn shell, 54 
15-pound charges; 8 time-fuze shell, and 16 percussion shell. 

u. S. S. Cfdppmoa, — At 8 a. m. steam tug came alongside with 
orders from the admiml to^o into action; inmiediately got underwav. 
At 9 opened fire on Fort A\ agner at lon^ range. Fired 30 shell. At 
12 meridian the admiral transferred his flag to the Montauk, At 
12: 10 p. m. the admii-al led the ironclads info action. At 12: 16 p. m. 
the ironclads opened fire on Fort Wagner. At about 1 p. m. we went 
into close range on Fort Wagner. At 1:48 p. m. cejised firing our 
rifled guns. At 1:50 p. m. flag came down from flagstaff on Fort 
Wagner; supposed to have Ijeen shot away. Fired 47 shell. From 4 
to 6 p. m. firing at Fort Wagner occasionally. Fired 19 shell. At 
6 p. m. our troops advancing along the Iwach for the purpose of 
assaulting Fort W^ner. At 6: 27 the Paul Joius made geneml signal 
to the gunboats. &ased firing. At 6: 55 Fort Wagner opened with 
musketry. Fort Sumter also opened fire, Union batteries replying. 
Ironclads occasionally firing. At 7: 40 p. m. the Paul- Jonea hailed us 
and ordered us to our anchorage. 

S. S. Wissahtckon. — From 8 to meridian: At 9 a. m. flagship 
made signal to engage the batteries. At 9:20 got underway and 
engaged Fort Winner. Hxpended 25 Schenkle shell, 7 20-pounder 
shell. From meridian to 4: Still engaging Fort Wagner. At 12:15 
the ironclads stood in and engaged the batteries on Cumniing's Point. 
Expended Schenkle shell and 20-pounder shell. From 4 to 6, engag- 
ing Fort Wagner. From 6 to 8, still engaging Fort Wagner; 
expended 6 Sdienkle shell, 7 20-pounder shell. At 8:20 came to 
anchor. 



366 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



Extract from diary of Sear-Admiral Dahlgren, V. 8. Vavy. 

JvJy 17^ 1863. — It rained in torrents during the night. Very early 
General Gillmore made signal that he was not ready to attack. I sent 
a note that it was well not to delay as we had all our force and the 
enemy would increase his every hour. 1 also signaled that we could 
see them strengthening. General [Gillmore] answered he was gettine 
ready as fast as he could. Signaled captains of ironclads on board and 
conferred on matters of detail as to their vessels. Gunboats at work. 
Circmuan outside. 

Jxdy 18^ 1863. — Not long after midnight a violent storm of rain and 
lightning came up. The watin- came down in a flood and continued 
after daylight. The general signaled that he could not begin to fire; 
his batteries were flooaed. At 8: J^O he said he would be ready between 
9 and 10: 30. Signals to Irmi^lcU'A to prepare for action and ordered the 
gun)x)ats to open fire. At 9: 80 Geneml Gillmore telegraphed that his 
amnmnition had been so wet that he could not open befoi'e noon; 
would begin now to get his range. I sent word to ironclads to post- 
pone. The gunboats are tiring very lively at Wagner, and the general 
telegraphed that they aid him very much. There ai-e five at work. 

About 10 o'clock the first shell from our mortar battery to try 
range. 

At 11:30 I went on board the Montauk^ hoisted my flag, and led up 
the channel, followed by the turrets Pataj}%co^ Isantucket^ CatukUl^ 
Weehawken^ and by the Ironsides. 

About 12:30 anchored abreast of Fort Wagner and fired the first 
gun, which was succeeded by the fire of the other vessels. The guns 
of the fort were soon overcrowed by the weight of metal and did not 
respond with spirit. 

The pilot would only take the Montauk to the edge of the channel, 
say, 1,200 yards of the fort, and the Lromides could not get that near, 
for the tide was c]>bing. Meanwhile our gunboats were blazing away 
at long range, and our shore batteries were going it rather deliberately. 
Such a cracking of shells and a thunder of cannon and flying of sand 
and earth into the air. 

About 4 the tide began to flow, when I had the MmtauJ^s anchor 
weighed and closed in steadily until iis near as 300 yards, when we 
anchored again. But the foit was quiet and would not answer with a 
gun; indeed, under such a fire it was very unsafe for a man to come 
out of the bombproofs. The gunnery was verv fine, the shells of the 
IronHidi^ii going right over the Movtauk^ so we nad it all our own wav. 

About sunset an aid brought a note from Geneml Gillmore on half a 
blank leaf, written in i)encil, saying he had ordered an assault, and by 
the waning light we could see the masses coming along the beach; but 
the darkness shut them in ere they reached the fort. Presently came 
the flashes of light and the sharp rattle from musket and cannon. 
There could be no help from us, for it was dark and we might kill 
friend as well as foe. All we could do was to look on and await an 
issue not in our control. 

The contest went on for an hour and a half, lapsed, and then died 
out. It was over, but who had won? 

Al)out 10, almost worn-out with exertion for nineteen hours, I 
returned to my den in the I)inistian\\ and there learned that our men 
had been repulsed with severe loss — 6v)v) ox lOQ m^u ovuV. ot lo\« to^- 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 367 



ments. The news came down the island and thence to the veascls there. 
The ^neral has not force enough, evidently. ' 

July 19^ 1863. — ^Turned out early and went up the harbor to the Iran- 
sideSf whence I sent the flag-lieutenant and Surgeon Duvall under flag 
of truce to ask for our wounded or to send medical assistance. Enemy 
declined both, saying they would bury the dead and take care of the 
wounded. Mr. f reston says many of both had not yet been removed, 
but were lying where they fell. It is said that the Miassachusetts negro 
regiment first led, but broke quickly. 

So we passed a quiet Sunday- , for it was impossible to fire while our 
wounded men were lying about. 

I had not been longf in my cot when alarm lights from outside said 
that the Confedemte ironcla<ls were coming out; then came some guns, 
and finally that a runner" had been taken. {Rcwamn run ashore on 
Drunken Dick.) It turned out in the morning that a vessel trying 
to get out was run ashore and burned, while another got in; hope it 
was not the Sumter. She had passed the outer vessels, but was headed 
by a shot from the Catakill that lay inside. (Note.) This was the 
first of the real blockade; for the trade ceased at once when known 
that a monitor was so high up. 



[Telegram.] 

Headquarters Department of S. C, Ga., and Fia., 

Charleston July 16, 1863. 
It is reported Gillraore will open fire in the morning and attempt 
an assault afterwards. Will be assisted by fleet. Be on watch and 
prepared. 

Thomas Jordan. 

[Endorsement.] 

Send the above dispatch to Colonel Rhett, Fort Sumter, and 
Brigadier-General Taliaferro, Morris Island. 

H. H. Rogers, 

Aid-de- Can)]). 



[Telegram.] 

Morris Island, Jidy 1863— 9:30 p. m. 
Shelling over for to-da3^ Firing entirely from the boats. No 
damage done the fort or men by shells. One man killed by sharp- 
shooters. 

Taliaferro, 

Brigadier- General. 

Brigadier-General R. S. Ripley, 

Cmnmandimj^ etc. 



[Tek'frram.] 

Sullivan's Island, July 15., 1863. 
Captain: The following dispatch has just been sent from the enemy's 
fleet: 

Gssmral: Will yoa begin to-morrov^r, as you inten(\e<\, am\ 'wWlWvcv^ 
b^D Mng, and when will the assault be 'made? 1 wisYv t\\ii \o ov««^ '^^^'^ 



36S SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQtTAD&ON. 

as Boon as the l)atteries. Please answer immediately, aa I wish to complete my 
arrangements. 

D[ahlgiikn.] 

Creneral Gillmore. 

This is reliable, and we could not get answer from Gillmore. 

Lawrence M. Keitt, 

Ccicnd . . 

Captain W. F. Nance, 

Assistant Adjxdani- G(m<raL * 



[Telcjfram-] 

[Via] Fort Sumter, July 16, 186S—3:4Sp. m. 
Rifle (32-i)oundor) burst at 1 o'clock this afternoon, destroying 
carriage. 

Monitor fleet with gunl)oat coming in. One monitor engaged; 
range too great for X-inch to be very effective; won't waste ammuni- 
tion. Can heavv gun be replaced? Want also gin and block. 

W. B. T[aliaferbo]. 

Captain W. F. Nance, 

Assista7it Adjutant' General. 



Report of Brigadier-Oeneral Taliaferro, C. 8. Army. 

Charleston, S. C, July W, 1863. 

Captain: I have the honor to report for the information of the 
brigadier-general commanding the District of South Carolina the 
operations of the troops of my command on Morris Island during 
the week commencing Monday, the 13th instant, and particularly 
the occurrences of Saturday, the 18th instant, which terminated in a 
most decisive and overwhelming repulse of the enemy. 

On Monday, the 13th instant, I made such an inspection of pctrts of 
the island as the limited means at my disposal offered, and on Tuesday 
morning relieved Colonel Gniham of the command of the troops, 
including the garrisons of Forts VV'agner and Gregg. 

I found that the abolitionists occupied the islanain force, from the 
southern part to Gregg's Hill, upon which they were already erecting 
Imtteries, and had constructed a signal station; that they had thrown 
forward their skiimishers to a point indicated by a single palmetto 
tree, one mile and a Quarter to their front, and about three-<}uarters 
of a mile from Fort Wagner, at which last post the undulating and 
successive ranges of sand hills shielded them and their operations from 
our view. 

In the course of the morning their riflemen gave us some annoyance, 
and during the day the wooden vessels of tneir fleet, aided by one 
turreted ironclad, attacked our works, throwing some 300 heavy shell 
and shot. 1 determined to make a slight reconnoissance at night, to 
feel the enemy and to add to the confidence of the garrison, and ordered 
a party consisting of 150 men from various commands, under Major 
Rion, of Major Nelson's South Carolina Battalion, to push forward, 
drive in the enemy's pickets, and feel its way until it encountered a 
heavy supporting force. This duty wa^ ga\\ai\\is wA^^-^TiOToftftu 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 



309 



Major Rion pushed the pickets and first re^serve back upon a reseiTC 
brigade in such disorder that the latter fired upon their retreating 
companies, inflicting a heavy loss, in addition to the punishment 
already inflicted by Major Rion. 

I established rifle pits some 200 yards outside the works — the near- 
est practicable point— and made such disposition for holding the post 
afifainst assaults, by assigning each command its particular position, 
etc., as were necessarj'. 

On Wednesday, Thursday-, and P>iday, the bombardment was kept 
up from the fleet, from 10 until 6 eiich* day, the average num])er of 
projectiles thrown at the works being 300 daily; tfie casualties being 
few, and the damage to the foil inappreciable, our work having been 
dire<;ted up to this time not to repairs but to improvements at Foils 
Wagner and Gregg. During these three days the enemy, under 
cover of the sand hills, erected batteries on land, the nearest being 
about three-quarters of a mile off, and others extending from (ircgg's 
Hill to the left, and distant al>out one mile and three quarters from 
Fort Wagner. These batteries were gradually unmasked and were, 
with the exception of the first, entirely without range of our guns. 

On Saturday morning, the 18th instant, at 8 and a quarter a. m., 
the enemy, having disclosed his land batteries, brought up to their sup- 
port his entire fleet, consisting of the Iromides^ flagship, five monitors, 
and a large number of wooden steam gun ships. W itli this immense 
circle of fire by land and sea, he poured for eleven hours, without 
cessation or inteimission, a storm of shot and shell upon Fort Wagner, 
which is perhaps unequaled in history. 

My estimation is that not less than 9,000 solid shot and shell of all 
sizes, from XV -inch downward, were hurled during this period at the 
work; the estimate of others is verv much greater. 

The garrison of the fort on this da}^ consisted of the Charleston Bat- 
talion, Liieutenant-Colonel Gaillard, whose position extended from the 
sally port in Light-House Creek, on the right; to the left until it rested 
on Colonel McKethan's regiment, Fiftv-first North Carolina, which 
extended to the gun chamber opposite tte bom]>proof door, at which 
point and extending along the face of the work to the left, to the sally 
port next to Fort Gregg, the Thirty-tirst North Carolina, Lieutenant- 
Colonel Knight, occupiSi the work. These positions for the infantry 
were verified by frequent inspection, and the several commands w ere 
required to sleep in position, and ea(*h man was instructed as to the 
exact point which he should occup3% and which in any moment of con- 
fusion he would be required to gain and hold. In addition to this a 
small portion of the Tnirty-first North Carolina were held as a reserve 
in the parade, and a part occupied the parai)et just to the right of the 
sally port On the outside of the fort two <*onipanies of the Charles- 
ton Battalion held the sand hills along the beach, and their face 
extending from the sally port to the sea beach. 

The artillerists occupied the several gun chainl)ers, and two light 
fieldpieces were placea in battery outside of the fort on the traverse 
near the sally port. The artillery command consisted of Captains 
Tatom and Adams' Fii'st South Carolina Infantry, Buckner and Dixon's 
Sixty-third Georgia Heavy Artillery, and Captain I)c Pass, command- 
ing light artillery, all under the general command of Lieutenant- 
Colonel Simkins, chief of artillery. The infantry . exi;e\>t U\e ChflLvlca- 
toD BatiBlion, and the artillery ', (»xcept the gUT\ de\SLc\vw\^wU^\^^\^ 



370 



SOtTTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING 8QUADBOK. 



plju'od, shortly after the whelling commenced, under cover of the 
i)oml)proofs. ' The tirst named Imttalion. with a heroic intrepidity 
never surpassed, animated hv the splendid example of their field ofli- 
cers, Lieutenant-Colonel Gaillard and Major Ramsav, had no protection, 
except such as the parapet afforded them, vet maintained their posi- 
tion without flimrhnig during the entire Jay. The X-inch gun was 
tired at intervals of ten to tifteen minutes against the ironclads, and 
the heavy guns on the land face, whenever the working parties or 
cannoneers of the enemy on the land showed themselves within range. 
The mortiir, in charge of Captain Tatom, was fired every half hour. 

The casualties duriiig the day from the bombardment did not exceed 
8 killed and 2<) wounded. 

About 2 o'cl<K*k the flag halyards w^re cut, and the Confederate 
flag blew over into the fort. Instanth' Major liamsay, of the Charles- 
ton Battalion, Lieutenant Keadick, Sixty-third Georgia (Artillery), Ser- 
geant Shelton and Private Flinn, Charleston Ikttalion, sprang forward 
and replaced it on the ramparts, while at the same time Captain Barn- 
well, of the P^ngineers, dashed out, seized a Imttle flag and erected it by 
the side of the gjirrison flag. This flag was subsequently shot away 
and replaced by Private A. Gilliland, Charleston Battalion. 

As night approached the increased severity of the bombardment 
plainly indicated that an assault would })e made, and orders were 
issued to the command to prepare to man the ramparts. 

At a quarter to s the lines of the enemy were seen advancing, and 
the bomf)ardment slackened to an occasional shell from the ships and 
land batteries. As the enemy advanced they were met by a shower of 
gnipe and canister from our guns, and a terrible fire of musketry from 
the Charleston Battalion and Fiftv-first North Carolina. These two 
commands gallantly maintained tneir position and drove the enemy 
l)ack quickly from their front, with immense slaughter. 

In the meantime, on the left of the work, the Thirty-first North 
Carolina could not be induced to occupy their iX)sition, and in^Ioriously 
desei-ted the ran)parts, when, no resistance being offered at tnis pointy 
the advance of the enemy, i)ushing forward, entered the ditcn and 
ascended the work at the extreme left salient of the land face, and 
occupied it. 

I at once directed Lieutenant-Colonel Gaillard to keep up a severe 
enfilading fire to his left and directed the fieldpieces on the left of the 
fort outside of the sally port to direct their fire to the right, so as to 
sweep the ditch and (»xterior slope of that part of the work thus occu- 
pied, and thus, at the same time, prevented the enemy from being 
supported at that iK)int and cut off all ho\ye of his escape. 

The main body of th(» enemy, after a brief attempt to pass over the 
field of tire, retreat(»d under the fire of our artillerv and the shells of 
Fort Sumter, and must have suffered heavily as long as they were 
within the ninge of our guns. 

Colonel Harris, of the Engineers, to whose skill 1 am much indebted, 
and whose coolness and gallantry were most conspicuous during the 

En»vious day, pla<*ed a howitzer on the right of the fort, outside the 
each, and cooperated with the guns on the left. 
Thinking it advisable to dislodge the enemy at once, before they had 
time to communicate their temporary suci»ess, I called for volunteers 
to dislodge them. This call was promptly met by Major McDonald, 
of the lifty-tivst North Carolina Iniawtxy, awdJ^ V^^Viwsk 



SOUTH ATLAOTIC BLOCKADINO SQITADRON. 



371 



Charleston Battalion. I selected Captain Rvan's company, and directed 
them to charge the enemy in the salient. 

This work they advanced to with great spirit, but unfortunately 
Captain Ryan was killed at the moment of the advance, and his men 
hesitated and the opportunity was lost. 

Wherever the enemy showed themselves a sharp lire was kept up 
upon them by the Fifty -first North Carolina, and after considomble 
injury thus inflicted, a party of the Thirty -second Georgia Regiment 
having been sent along the- pampet to the left and on the top of the 
magazine to approach their rear, they surrendered. 

In front of the fort the scene of carnage is indescribable. The 
repulse was overwhelming, and the loss of the enemj^ could not have 
been less than 2,000 in killed, wounded, and prisoners, perhaps nmch 
more. 

Our loss 1 estimate at 50 killed and 160 wounded, but will forward 
an exact return. 

The assailants cx>nsisted of troops- from Connecticut, Pennsylvania, 
New Hampshii-e, Ohio, and New lork, and the Fifty-fourth^ Massa- 
chusetts negro regiment (under Colonel Shaw, who was killed), under 
the command of Brigadier-General Strong. The supports were (;om- 
dianded by Brigadier-General Terr3\ 

I will hereafter make a supplementary report and give such details 
as may be required. 

As to the damage done to the work and guns, I have the honor to 
refer j-ou to the reports of the engineer oflicer and chief of artillery, 
which will oe forwarded. 

I wOI remark this: Whilst the injury done to the work is consider- 
able, it is much less than could have been expected, and the damage to 
the g^ns, it is hoped, may be repaired in a sniort time. 

In conclusion, whilst 1 feel it my duty to mention the disgraceful 
conduct of the Thirty-first Noith Carolina Infantry, I am proud to 
bear testimony to the eflSciency and gallantry of the other troops. 

Colonel McKethan's regiment, Fifty -first North Carolina Infantry, 
redeemed the reputation of the Thirty-first Regiment. They gal- 
lantly sought their position under a heavy shelling, and maintained it 
during the action. Colonel McKethan, Lieutenant-Colonel Hobson, 
and MiEtjor McDonald are the field ofiScers of this regiment and deserve 
special mention. 

The Charleston Battalion distinguished themselves not only by their 
gallantry^ but by their discipline and cool performance of their duty 
and obeaience to orders under the excitement and confusion always 
incident to a night attack. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Gaillard and the brave Major Ramsay, who, I 
regret to say, was severely wounded, deserve the highest expression 
of <rommeuc[ation for their conduct during the bombardment and 
assault. 

The artillery behaved throughout the day with remarkable courage. 
Lieutenant-Colonel Simkins had a most severe duty to perform dur- 
ing the day in directing the operations of the aitillery . This unflinch- 
ingly and admirably he performed, and after the enemy's heavy guns 
had ceased he mountea the parapet and encouniged the infanti-y. 
There, on the ramparts, in the front, this admirable soldier and accom- 
plished f^ntleman sealed his devotion to our caus^ \>y ^w.t\^ 
most heroic death. 



Captains BLicktier and Pixon, Sixty-third Georgia, and Captain 
Atlani!^, First South Carolina Infantry, deserve especial mention; but 
I desirt^ to bring mo^^t eonspiciioiksly to the notice of the brigadier- 
geneml eomiimnding tlie name of Lieutenant Powe, whose coolness, 
nkill, and gallantry were un^uipa8sed. I regret to say he was? severely 
won Tided. 

1 would alrfo ei^pecially mention Lieutenant Watiea^ commanding the 
fieldpieoeH on the left of the work^, who wan congpicuouH for his gal- 
lantry, and wan neverelv wounded; and the Nkill, eoolne^g, and giUlantry 
of C'iiptaiu l>e Pass, wtioa.s;iiumed command of hi*i pieces after his fall, 
The^se pieces rendered most important service* 

1 have doubtlens omitted the names of many officers whose gsillantr^^ 
should ]>e recorded^ and shall, in a subsequent report, endeavor to do 
just ire to alL 

1 rmist, in conclusion, mention the good conduct of Sergeant Wil- 
liams, of Lieutenant Powe's company, and Corporal Connewav-^ of 
the Twenty second Georgia Battalion, who greatly distingulBhed 
themselves. 

To the officers of my personal staff I am under obligations* 

1 lament to record the death of the gallant Captain Waring, acting 
aid'dc'Cainp, and the wounding of Capbdn Twig;^, inspector-general, 
and Cuptiiin Stoney, aid-dc-eamp, who were stricken down nobly dis- 
charging their duty. 

To t'aptain Taliaferro, assistant adjutflnt-general. Lieutenants 
Muzyck and Cunningham, ordnance officers, and Meade, aid^de-carup, 
and to Surgeon Habersham, Major Holcombe, and Captain Burke, 1 
tender my thanks for their aid, etc., during the course of the week, 
I would especially mention Captain Barnwell, of the Engineers, 

In the early part of the week the eonmiands of Colonel Olmstead, 
Lieutenant-Colonel Capers, Major Hanvey, and Major Basinger, of 
Lieutenant-Colone! Nelson and Lieutenant-Colonel Datitzler and the 
artillery under the admirable management of Lieutenant-Colonel 
Yates, with such officers as Captains Mathewes and Chichester* 
deserve great credit for their bravery and zeal 

I havck the honor to be, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

William B. Taliaferro, 

Brigadier- Gmeral* 

Captain fW. F*] Nance, 

Amki'ani Adjutant- GmeraL 



[Telegmm.] 

FoBT Sumter, .Mp 18, imt 

(Recei\*ed 12:15 p. ra.) 

The enemy have been repeatedly repulsed from Battery Wagner — . 
I helicve with great loss. We have lost heavily. Brigadlier-Gem'ml 
Ilagood arrived with Harrison's regiment, and I doubt not has made 
good the battery, a portion of which the enemy had possession oL 
Whether it wilT i>o tenable to-morrow, I shall know in a short time, 
I doubt whether the ships will stop shcllmg, tliough the laud foree-s 
will have enough to do. 

Some of our losses are: Lieutenant Colonel fJ. C] SimkinR, killed; 
Major [David] Itjimsay, wounde<l; Captain [William H*] Ryan, killed; 
Lieutenant [T. D*J Waties, wounded; Captain [W*T,JTatom, wounded. 
Mild many others* 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQtTADBON. 373 



I have ordered the steamer Chesterfield to report here, to act when 
I hear from Generais Taliaferro and Hagood, before moving. 

The transportation of Clingman's troops to Sullivan's Island I fear 
will be delayed. 

R. S. Ripley, 
Brigadi^- General^ CoTfimanding. 

Brigadier-General Thomas Jordan, 

Chief of Staff. 



[Telegram.] 

Charleston, S. C, July 19, 1863—9:16 a. m. 
Praise be to God. The anniversary of Bull Run has been gloriously 
celebrated. After shelling Battery Warner all day yesterday with 
the Ironmdes, five monitors, four gun and mortar boats, and two land 
batteries, enemy attempted to storai Battery Wagner last night, but 
was gallantly repulsed with great slaughter. Our loss was compara- 
tively slight. 

G. T. Beauregard. 

General Joseph E. Johnston, 

Brandoii, Miss. 

(Copies to General Braxton Bragg, Chattanooga, Tenn.; Major- 
General W. H. C. Whiting, Wilmington, N. C, and Brigadier-General 
H. W. Mercer, Savannah, Ga.) 



[Telegram.] 



Navy Department, July 18, 1863. 
Order the Dai Ching to proceed direct to Port Royal. No dis- 
patches to send. 

Gideon Welles, 

Seci'etary of the Navy. 

Commodore A. A. Harwood, 

Commandant, Navy Yard, Washington. 



Order of Rear- Admired Dahlgren, U. S. Navy, to Captain Green, 
U. S. Navy, regarding picket boats. 

Flag-Steamer Dinsmore, 
Off Morris Island, July 19, 1863. 
Sra: You will please send in by the Daffodil, from any of the ves- 
sels outside that may have them, six large-sized water casKs, say about 
100 gallons each. 

The order sent yo\x this morning to send in the marines and seamen 
is revoked. 

You will, until further orders, please have six picket boats, manned 
and armed same as last night, ready to come in every evening at 5 
o'clock. A tug will report to you daily at that hour to tow them. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

J. A. Dahlgren, 
Rear-Admiral, Conidg. South Atlantic Blockading Squadron. 

Captain J. F. Green, 

Senior Officer Present, off Charl^ton Bar. 



874 SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 

Order of Rear- Admiral Dahlgrm^ U. S. Niwy^ to Captain Bowan^ 
U. S. JVavy^ commanding u. S. 8. New Ircmi^^ to engage Con- 
fedet'ate hatteines. 

Flag-Steamer Augusta Dinsmore, 
Off Morris hland^ South Carolina^ Jidy 19^ 1863, 
Sir: I understand the shore batteries are to open fire in the morning. 
Please open fire from the Ironsides at the same time, provide they 
do not begin before 6 or 7 o'clock, and continue your tire deliberately 
during the day. Two of the monitors will join you after breakfast 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

J. A. Dahlgren, 
Rear- Admiral^ Comdg. Smith Atlantic Block/iding Squadron. 

Captain S. C. Rowan, U. S. Navy, 

(kmuhj, U. S. S. JVeijO Ironsides^ off Charleston, S. C. 



Report of Rear- Admiral Dahlgren, U, S. Navy, regarding a steamer 
chased aslwre hyhlockading vessels off CJiarl-eston, S. tfuly 19^ 1863. 

No. 21. J Flag-Steamer Dinsmore, 

Off Mrrrris Island, Jid/y 21, 1863. 
Sir: I have to inform the Depaitment that on the night of the 19th 
instant a large side-wheel steamer, in trying to run into Charleston, 
was chased by the Canandaigua and other outside blockaders, and 
finally headed off and driven upon the shoals by Commander George 
W. Rodgors, of the CatsMll, tnen anchored abreast of Fort Wagner 
on picket duty. 

The steamer was fired })y her crew, and is now a total wreck. 
The chances of succeas to such enterprises are materially lessened 
b}^ our occupation of the main Ship Channel. 
I have the honor to l)e, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

J. A. Dahlgren, 
Rear- Admiral^ Comdg. South Atlantic Blockading Sqtuidron. 

lion. Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of tlie Namj, Washington, D. C. 



Rejxrrf of Captain Green, U. S. Navy, senior officer off Charlestons 
regarding steajner chased ashore hy blockading vessels off CharUMon^ 
S. r., Jidy 19, 1863. 

U. S. S. Canandaigua, 
Off Charleston, S. C, July SO, 1863. 

Sir: 1 have respectfully to report that a large side-wheel steamer 
nin in last night at al>out 10 o'clock. She attempted to go between 
this ship and the Pmcluxtan, which I prevented by slipping mv cable, 
stiinding in a direction to cut her off, and tiring at ner, when she 
turned, stood to the southward and westward, passing the Wabash and 
in, by and to the northward of the gunboat stationed near the entrance 
buoy of Pumpkin Hill Channel, toward the northern end of the line of 
the fleet inside of the bar. 

I pursued and fired at her as long as she was in sight, and kept 
underway till midnight, apprehending ^^he ml^ht at^mpt to escape 
outward. 



80XJTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADtNG SQUADRON. 375 

At about 2: 80 this morning a veseel was discovered on fire off and in 
range of the Moultrie House, and at daylight proved to be a side- 
wheel steamer apparentlv constructed of iron, badly aground and 
abandoned, and is, undoubtedly, the vessel that i*nn the blockade last 
night. 

ohould the rebels attempt to wreck her I shall endeavor to prevent it. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

J. F. Green, 
Captain and Senmr O^cei* Present, 

Bear-Admiral J. A. Dahlgren, 

Camdg. South Atlantic lilockdg. Sf/uadmn^ off Charleston. 



Abstract h)g of the U. S. S. Cananclaigiui, Captmn Green ^ U, S. Mivi/^ 

commanaing. 

July 19^ 1863.— OS Charleston, S. C. From 8 to midnight: At 10 
p. m. saw a steamer coming in, bearing altout S. E.; went to quartei*s, 
threw up a i-ocket, burned a red light, slipped the cable, started for 
him, ana fired several guns at him. At 10: 30 lost sight of him under 
the land. Two or three guns fired inshore. At 11:30 went to our 
atation. 

July SO. — Commences and till 4 a. m. At 2: 30 disi'overed a steamer 
on fire ashore near the Moultrie House. Supjwse it to l>e the one we 
fired at during the previous watch. From i to 8 a. m. : The stc»amer 
ashore still burning. At 5: 30 got underway and stood for our buoys. 



Order of Rear- Admiral Daldgreii^ U. S. Navy., to Commander Bodgers^ 
U. A Namf^ cmnmxmding U. S. S. Catshill^ to report for duty as 
chief of staff. 

Flag-Stea3Ier Dinsmore, 
Off Morris IsUnd, South Carolina, July 19, 1863. 
Sib: You will transfer the command of the Catskill tempo nirily to 
Lieutenant-Commander Carpenter, and report to me for duty as ciiief 
of staff. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

J. A. Dahlgren, 
Rear- Admiral.^ Conidg. South Atlantic Blfxtkading Squadron, 

Commander George W. Kodgers, U. S. Navy, 

Commanding U. S. Ironclad Steamer Catskill. 



General order of Rear- Admiral Dahlgren, V. S. jVavy^ designating 
Commander Rodyers, U. S. Navy, as chief of staff . 

Flag-Steamer Dinsmore, 
Off Morris Island, July 20, 1863. 
Conunander George W. Rodgers is hereby temporarily assigned to 
duty as chief of staff. 

J. A. DmU3k\CE.^.> 

JSear-Admiraly Canidg. South Atlantic JSioofcodincj S<i\iadroiv. 



376 SOUTH ATLANTIC BI^OCKADDTG SQUABBOIf. 



Report of Rear- Admiral Dahlgren^ U. S. Nam/^ regarding the need 

of vessels and men. 

No. 17.] 

Flag-Steamer Augusta Dinsmore, 

Of Morris Island, July 20, 186S. 
Sir: It is probable that under previously arranged circumstances, I 
might not have had occasion to make any important requisitions on the 
D^artment. 

The headquarters of the squadron were at Hilton Head, and the ves- 
sels at this place were occupied only with blockade duty. Now the 
flagship is transferred to the inner anchorage and a force organized to 
carry on effective operations. For this purpose, some vessels that 
require much repair should bo exchangea for others, and some new 
vessels are needed. 

These may be of the double- bowed vessels, like the Gonemaugh, 
except one or two, which should be corvettes of the Brooklyn class, 
because there are occasions when their broadsides would be invaluable. 
A large vessel like the Wahash is useful for her capacity to furnish 
men and means generally when needed for extraordinary service. Two 
or three tugs, screw or side-wheel, are needed for conununications and 
supplies. 

Tne number of men on board the vessels of this sauadron is now 
reduced too much. The duty is severe by day ana ni^ht in this 
climate; many of the vessels are in action by day and blockade by 
night, often employing their boats at the same time on picket duty. 
But above all, the turret ironclads; no men can long endure the duties 
now imposed on them. Under existing circumstances they are either 
in action or in situations so exposed as to require constant readiness for 
action, and the severity of the service is not easily understood except 
from personal experience. 1 will refer to the reports of the fleet sur- 
geon and others for the professional detail on this subject. The zeal 
of the men lead them to endure without complaint, but they break 
down sooner or later. I recommend, therefore, that a suitable hulk be 
sent here, to which crews of the turret vessels can be sent at times for 
respite. Their time should count double for ordinary service, and 
some allowance be made them for clothing, which is quickly ruined by 
this duty. 

The surgeons now find it indispensable to allow the men whisky 
when their vessels are in action. 
I have the honor to be, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

Jno. a. Dahlgren, 
Rear 'Admiral, Comdg. South Atlantic Blockading Squadron* 

Hon. Gideon Welles, 

Secretary of the Navy, Washijigton, D. C. 



Letter from Rear- Admiral Dahlgren, U. S. Navy, to Chief of Bureau 
of Ordnance, re^iuesting a mpply of guns andshMs. 

Flag-Steamer Dinsmore, 
Off Mtyrris Island, South Carolina, July 20, 1863. 
Sir: The expenditure of Xl-inch shells is so great that I beg the 
Bureau will foi'ward an immediate suppV^ sX/^m^x \x?QOTi t^c^^y^ 
of this. 



SOUTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON. 377 

I would ask for a dozen Xl-inch ^uiis as a stx)ck. 
I am much in want of the Sohenklo 100 an